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suit before he can be admitted to the pres-
ence of the learned instructor. However
something has already been done in this
line in the United States, and much more
will be done in the near future. In the
July number of the Revie-ii) of Revieivs is
an excellent article by Prof. H. B. Adams
on "University Extension and its Lead-
ers." Also in the May number of Book
News is a series of articles on the subject
of university extension, some of which are
valuable and others crude in ideas. A
careful perusal of these two sources will
give a fair estimate of what is being done
in university extension. Each year wit-
nesses a stronger feeling that universities
are for the people, and not alone for the
educated few. There is a growing senti-
ment in favor of the- "democracy of edu-
cation," and in the utility of university
education. The universities come nearer
the people each year, and show a common
interest in the cause of humanity. The
training of men for actual service is the
primary object of the university, especially
of the State university.

There is talk now of organizing a central
association for university extension at
Kansas State University, with the sugges-



tion that local associations be formed
throughout the state. Something has
already been done in an irregular way by
the instructors of the University. Many
of them have gone out, from time to time,
when called to lecture to the people. Last
year a lecture course on kindred subjects
was given, by the students of the historical
departments, at Vinland, and repeated at
Edwardsville. These were the first regular
courses of lectures given, and were, there-
fore, nearer the extension idea. University
extension implies the delivery of a course
of lectures on the same general topic, with
a view to instruction and examination with
credit for work done. It will be many
years before Kansas University may give
full university extension work; but it may
readily do something in this line by send-
ing its professors out on an occasional
lecture course. This will help the people
and the University. Already Mr. Beer,
of the Topeka Free Library, has organized
a local association, which has engaged
Professor Blake to deliver twelve lectures
on Electricity. Another professor has
been invited to prepare a course on the
Plistory of Institutions. The work of lec-
turing to the people may, by this jDrocess,
be rendered more instructive than by pro-
miscuous single lectures.



HISTORY AND SOCIOLOGY IN CORNELL UNIVERSITY.



^o^ORNELL UNIVERSITY has devoted
(^^ so much of its enei^gy to scientific
and technical education that it may not
be generally known how great advantages
it offers for the study of history and soci-
ology. This department now consists of
six professors, who divide the work into
five groups, as follows: (i)-Modern Eu-
ropean History, Professor Tuttle; (2)
American History, Professor Tyler; (3)
History of Political and Social Institu-
tions, Professor Jinkes; (4) Ancient and
Mediaeval History, Associate Professor



Burr, and (5) Political Economy, Profes-
sor Laughlin and Associate Professor
Miller. , .

Each of these groups has its separate
seminary and seminary room in the library
building, and each room has its special
library to which members of the seminary
have free access. The general library
contains 100,000 books and some 25,000
pamphlets, and is especially rich in history
and sociology. This includes the Presi-
dent White historical library of some 30,-
000 volumes and 10,000 pamphlets, besides



38



SEMINAR V NO TES.



many valuable manuscripts. This collec-
tion is especially rich in original sources
for the study of the reformation, the
French revolution and the history of super-
stition. The Jared Sparks' collection of
American history, purchased by the Uni-
versity-, supplies many rare volumes which
it would now be impossible to secure.

The new library building, costing over
half a million dollars, is almost palatial
in its equipment. For the encouragement
of advanced work, the department of his-
tory and political science has four fellow-
ships, two in economics, each yielding
^400 a year, one in modern history, and
one in the history of institutions at ^500
each. Instruction is given mainly by lec-
tures and in the seminary. Courses are
arranged for two and three hours a week,
and run through the entire year. The
announcement for the present year, briefly
stated, is as follows:

1. History and Civilization of Greece
and Rome.

2. Private and Political Antiquities of
the Greeks.

3. Private Life of the Romans.

4. . History of Europe during the Mid-
dle Ages.

5. History of England during the
Middle Ages.

6. Seminary in Mediaeval History.



7. European History since the Middle
Ages.

8. Epochs in the History of Modern
Europe.

9. History of England since the Mid-
dle Ages.

10. Seminary in Modern History.

11. American History from the Dis-
covery to the Revolution.

12. American History from the Revo-
lution to the Rebellion.

13. American Constitutional History.

14. Canadian Constitutional History
and Law.

15. American Historical Seminary.

16. Nature and Development of Polit-
ical Institutions.

17. Principles and History of Social
Institutions.

18. Elements of International Law.

19. Seminary for study of Political and
Social Questions.

20. Elementary Political Economy.

21. Advanced Political Economy.

22. Public Finance and Banking.

23. Economic History of Europe and
the United States.

24. History of Tariff Legislation in the
United States.

25. Railway Transportation and Leg-
islation.

26. Seminary in Political Economy.



SEMINARY NOTES.



39



- SEMINARY - NOTES. -

PUBLISHED ON THE FIRST DAY OF OCTOBER,

NOVEMBER, DECEMBER, FEBRUARY,

MARCH, APRIL AND MAY,

BY

the seminary of

Historical and Political Science.

State University, Lawrence, Kansas.

Frank TV. Blackmar. \

Frank H. Hodder, - - - - Editors.

Ephraini D. Adams, j

Terms. Ten Cents a Number, - Fifty Cents a Year

'T^HE purpose of this publication is to increase the
((9) interest in the study of historical science in the
^^ University and throughout the State, to afford
means of regular communication with corresponding
members of the Seminary and with the general pub-
lic—especially with the Aluinni of the University, and
to preserve at least the oiitlines ol carefully prepared
papers and addresses. The number of pages in each
issue will be increased as rapidly as the subscription
list will warrant. The entire revenue of the publi-
cation will be applied to its maintenance.
Address all subsci'iptions and communications to

F. W. BLACKMAR,

Lawrence, Kansas.

Since the publication of the last num-
ber of Seminary Notes, several important
changes have taken place. First, Mr. E.
D. Adams was elected Assistant in History
and Sociology. Soon after this Professor
Canfield resigned his professorship to go
to Nebraska. Immediately after accept-
ing his resignation, the Regents consoli-
dated the two historical departments,
under the title of History and Sociology,
and elected Mr. F. H. Hodder Associate
Professor. It necessarily follows that the
editorial staff of Seminary Notes has two
new men in the place of Professor Can-
field. The present editors will carry out
the original plan of the publication with
such improvements as may be made from
time to time.



been established in the university. Upon
the whole the new Chancellor of Nebraska
is doing just what his friends predicted —
making a great success of his new work.
The University of Nebraska is to be con-
gratulated that it was able to secure such
an efficient man as Chancellor Canfield.



We are glad to learn of the prosperity
of the former director of the Seminary,
Chancellor James A. Canfield. The num-
ber of students enrolled in the University
of Nebraska is thirty per cent, greater
than last year. A new Law course has



Mr. a. L. Burney, Miss Florence Rea-
soner, and Miss Inez Taggert, all of the
class of '90, are doing graduate work in
History and Sociology. Walter R. Arm-
strong of the same class wants to study in
the same department, and John A. Rush
will enter the Law department and take
studies is' History and Sociology.

The senior professor in the department
of History and Sociology is highly grati-
fied that the Regents of the University
have again displayed their wisdom in
electing two able men to positions in the
department. They are young men of
scholarly habits and marked ability. Pro-
fessor Hodder, Associate in American
History and Civics, was born at Aurora,
111., November 6, i860. He graduated at
Michigan LIniversity in 1883, having
studied history under Prof. C. K. Adams,
and political economy under Prof. H. C.
Adams. He was 'principal of the High
School at Aurora. Afterwards he went to
Cornell LTniversity, where he was instructor
and later Assistant Professor in Political
Economy from 18S5 to 1890. During the
last year he has been studying at the
universities of Goettingen and Freiburg,
under Von Hoist, Conrad and others.
He is an able instructor.

Mr. E. D. Adams, Assistant in History
and Sociology, Avas born at Decorah,
Iowa, in 1865. He was a student in Iowa
College, 1883 to 1885; student in the
University of Michigan 1885 to 1887,
taking the degree of A. B. in 1S87, was
principal' of the High School at McGregor,
Iowa,' 1887 to 1888, and student of the
University of Michigan for the degree of
Doctor of Philosophy, 1888 to 1890. In
1890 he took the degree of Ph. D. Since
1890 he has been connected with the



40



SEMINARY NOTES.



census work on street railways, and since
December has held the position of special
agent in charge of street railways. He is
doing good work in Kansas University.

We notice with pleasure the steady
progress of historical study in Johns
Hopkins, the pioneer graduate Univer-
sity of America. Starting in an unas-
suming way soon after the organization
of the university, the historical depart-
ment has shown an unusual amount
of enthusiasm and vigor, and has kept
pace with the other departments of the uni-
versity in maintaining the foremostgraduate
school in America. The instruction stead-
ily increases in scope, thoroughness, and
efficiency. The quality of the publications
has improved rather than declined. There
is scarcely a scholar in American Insti-
tutions who fails to acknowledge the
service rendered by the Johns Hopkins
Studies. Instruction includes History,
Politics, Institutions, Administration, Pub-
lic Law, Political Economy and Finance,
and special phases of Social and Political
Institutions. Professor Herbert B. Adams
is at the head of the department which
includes some of the ablest instructors and
lecturers in America. Among these are
Professors Richard T. Ely, Woodrow Wil-
son, and J. Franklin Jameson; James
Schouler, Drs. Albert Shaw and J. M.
Vincent, Hon. Carroll D. Wright and
John A. Kasson, LL. D. Last year the
department numbered one hundred and
eight students, fifty-five of whom were
graduates. Instruction is carried on by
the best modern university metheds. A full
description of methods and courses of
study will be given in our next number.



Last year two department lecture
courses were given by the students, one
at Vinland and one at Edwardsville. The
young men who were in these courses did
themselves great credit. Abstracts of
these lectures were given in the last num-
ber of Seminary Notes. The young
men spoke to appreciative audiences, and
the success of the experiment warrants the



management of the department of History
and Sociology continuing the work during
the coming year. Let the more advanced
young men in the department select some
topic of general interest, make a thorough
study of it, and prepare a popular lecture
for delivery some time during the winter.
It will give the lecturers a great deal of
experience in a short time; it will help the
University and the people. The last
year's course was a practical demonstration
of university extension. The lecture
courses were prepared in economics and
American history.

The following is a list of the correspond-
ing members of the Seminary:

Hon. Geo. R. Peck, Topeka.

Hon. Chas. Robinson, Lawrence.

Hon. James Humphry, Junction City.

Hon. T. Dwight Thacher, Topeka.

Hon. Frank Betton, Topeka.

Maj. J. K. Hudson, Topeka.

Chancellor J. H. Canfield, Lincoln.

Hon. J. S. Emery, Lawrence.

Hon. B. W. Woodward, Lawrence.

Col. O. E. Learnard, Lawrence.

Hon. C. S. Gleed, Topeka.

Hon. Charles F. Scott, lola.

Mr. D. S. Alford, Lawrence.

Mr. Scott Hopkins, Horton.

Hon. Fred. A. Stocks, Blue Rapids.

Col. H. M. Greene, Lawrence.

Hon. Wm. A. Phillips, Salina.

Rev. W. W. Ayres, Lawrence.

Rev. C. G. Flowland, Lawrence.

Rabbi Henry Berkowitz, D. D., Kansas
City, Mo.

Principal W. E. Higgins, Topeka.

Mr. Noble Prentis, Newton.

Rev. Chas. M. Sheldon, Topeka.

Hon. S. O. Thacher, Lawrence.



The following periodicals are taken by
the Department of History and Sociology:

The Public Opinion, Forum, The Na-
tion, The Book Chat, The New England
Magazine, The Chautauquan, The Quar-
terly Journal of Economics, The Review *
of Reviews, Harper's Weekly, Publications
of the American Economic Association,
Papers of the American Historical Asso-
ciation, The Johns Hopkins University
Studies, Publications of the American Sta-
tistical Association, The Revue des deux
Monde (French Dept. pays for one-half).
The Political Science Quarterly, Free
Russia.



SEMINARY NOTES.



41



The program of the Seminary for the
academic year is not yet completed, but
the following gentlemen have consented
to read papers: Noble L. Prentis, Scott
Hopkins, Frank H. Betton, Geo. R. Peck,
S. O. Thacher, D. S. Alford, Rabbi
Berkowitz, Chas. M. Sheldon, W. W.
Ayers, C. G. Howland, C. S. Finch, and
O. E. Learnard. Probably B. W. Wood-
ward, L. E. Sayre, and James H. Canfield
will each favor us with a paper or an
address.

One of the most interesting papers read
before the Historical Seminary during the
past year was "The Genesis of the Re-
publican Party," by B. W. Woodward.
The reader dwelt upon the philosophy of
great movements, and spoke of the ten-
dency to accredit too much to leadership.
The Republican party was made up of the
rank and file of large bodies of people.
The people were the real heroes. In say-
ing this he did not discredit such men as
Lincoln, and Douglas, who were at the
head of great movements. Reminiscen-
ces of these men were given in a pleasing
manner. History is made much more real
to students when told by men who were
present when the history was made. Every
one appreciated Mr. Woodward's paper.
We regret that we cannot publish it in full;
to write an abstract is to destroy its charm.



The Leland Stanford University, of
Palo Alto, California, has a grand opening.
It opens with a large number of students.
The new dormitory for boys has a capacity
for three hundred, but the rooms are all
taken. - No one can look upon the fourteen
buildings already completed without being
greatly impressed with the possibilities of
this magnificent endowment, said to be
twenty millions. The University of Cali-
fornia is less than fifty miles from the
Stanford, and the University of the Pacific
is about sixteen miles distant. These are
the three leading universities in California.
The opening of Stanford will draw heavily
for a time on the other universities, but
will ultimately do them both good. It will



give an impulse to higher education which
cannot fail to help all well-regulated insti-
tutions. There are three kinds of univer-
sities that are destined to prosper: the
state university, the heavily endowed pri-
vate university, and the denominational or
Christian school. Each stands upon its
own independent basis, without necessary
antagonism to the others. Each, in its
particular field, will support and strengthen
the cause of education. Even though a
rivalry exist they will each help the other
in the common field of higher learning.

In the July number of the Quarterly
Journal of Ecofiamics, Mr. David Kinley,
of Johns Hopkins University, in an inter-
esting article on the recent progress of
profit-sharing abroad, calls attention to
the remarkable growth since 1888 of the
number of prominent firms which have
adopted the system of profit-sharing in the
payment of employes. He states that in
England four firms adopted the system in
1888, six in 1889, and twenty in 1890, the
number of employes affected aggregating
7,694 for twenty-five of these firms.

A curious thing about it all is that con-
trary to the general expectation and to the
previously expressed opinions of well-
known leaders of working men, the labor-
ing class in general do not seem to be in
favor of the system. Individual work-
men, who are to be benefited may favor
it, but the organizations of working men
are not advocates of profit-sharing, but
are, on the contrary, unsympathetic, if
not hostile. The reason for this is "that:
it would be difficult to consolidate organi-
zation in any body where a system of
deferred pay, either in the form of pen-
sions or perquisites, prevailed." In other
words, it would be more difficult with
profit-sharing to use strikes as a means of
securing higher wages, than it is under
the pure wage system.

Whatever justice there may be in this
attitude, the whole question is just now in
a very curious stage, and its solution by
English working men will be looked for-
ward to with interest in the United States.



42



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



NEW BOOKS.

Three recent publications from the Johns
Hopkins press are before us. These are
"Public Lands and Agrarian Laws of the
Roman Republic," by Andrew Stephenson,
Ph. D. , Professor of History in Wesleyan
University; "State and Federal Govern-
ment in Switzerland," by J. M. Vincent,
Ph. D., Instructor in Johns Hopkins Uni-
versity, and " Spanish Institutions of the
Southwest," by Frank W. Blackmar, Ph.
D., Professor of History and Sociology in
the Kansas State University. The iirst
volume is a clear presentation of the
methods employed by Rome in the disposal
of public lands, and an analysis of the
agrarian laws. The volume is small,
covering about one hundred pages of
closely printed matter. It gives one of
the best and most complete analyses of an
important and troublesome subject. It is
the best analysis of the subject published
in English. The work is written from ori-
ginal sources, and reflects great credit on
the author and the Hopkins press.

The second book is a scholarly work,
written in a careful, painstaking way, upon
one of the most interesting subjects of
historical research. Students will find it
a valuable aid in understanding the some-
what confusing relations of the prime
sources of government in Switzerland. In
the analysis of this minature common-
wealth the author has brought into play a
thorough appreciation of our own institu-
tions. And it is, perhaps, this feature of
the work, the comparison of American
institutions with those of Switzerland,
which will be of especial interest to the
average reader. The work is only a part
of the result of an extended research on
this subject by the author. We hope to
see the larger work in print at an early
date.

The last book mentioned is a study of
the social and political institutions of
Spain, as represented by the Spanish colo-
nist in America. It treats of the founding
of the Spanish missions in California, Ari-
zonia, New Mexico, and Texas. It por-



trays the civilization established by the
padres, the social condition of the Indians,
and the political and social life of the
pioneers of the Southwest. The move-
ment of the civil, religious and military
powers in the "temporal and spiritual,"
and the consequent founding of civil
pueblos, missions and military towns are
fully discussed. The Spanish policy in
trade and diplomacy, in government and
religion, and in colonization and land
tenure is clearly defined. The book con-
tains 353 pages, with map, cuts and thirty-
one historical illustrations.

We are in receipt of "Principles of
Political Economy," by Charles Gide,
Professor of Political Economy in the
University of Montpellier, France. The
book is translated by E. P. Jacobson,
formerly of University College, London,
and published by D. C. Heath & Co., of
Boston, with an introduction and notes by
Prof. James Bonar, and an American intro-
duction by Prof. J. B. Clark. The
arrangement of the book is excellent, the
style clean and entertaining. The author
belongs to the "classical, "or "old school"
of economists, who believe firmly in theory
and philosophy. But while Professor Gide
holds to this method, as the foundation of
political economy, he does not ignore
what has been accomplished by the "new
school." Deduction and induction, he
holds, are necessary in political economy.
Accepting the best products of the older
philosophy, he adds to it a progressive use
of the new. With him there is but one
political economy, and the "new school"
is but an evolution of the "old." It is
gratifying to American students to have in
their hands a progressive French economy,
especially as its brilliant style and clear
exposition make it delightful reading.



KANS.A.S State University under the
management of Chancellor Snow, is mak-
ing rapid progress. The increased number
in attendance, the systematic management
of the central office, the wholesome admin-
istration of affairs relating to the classifi-



SEMINAR Y NO TES.



cation of students, and the growing interest
felt througl^iout tlie state in the worlc of
the University; all speak of unusual thrift
and prosperity. Instructors are proud to
teach in such an institution; the students
are justly proud of it, and both classes
are proud of the Chancellor, who guides
so ably the affairs of the school. It is,
indeed, a state institution for the people,
in which they have a growing interest. It
is rendering great service to the entire
country. This paragraph ought not to be
closed without saying something about the
History and Sociology of the chinch-bug,
but the writer refrains, only concluding
with the thought that in the general
improvement of the University the de-
partment of History and Sociology will
endeaver to do its share of service.



The instructors in the department of
History and Sociology were highly grati-
fied by the large attendance at the first
meeting of the Seminary for the current
year. The program was informal and in-
troductory, being made up by short talks
by the three instructors. The students
seemed interested in the exercises, and
asked questions as is the usual custom.
More ladies are in the Seminary this year
than heretofore. It is really gratifying to
know that the young ladies of Kansas are
taking greater interest in the study of his-
tory and politics. In a state where so
much is said about the political rights and
duties of women, and where co-education
is the universal rule it is pleasing to note a
more careful preparation made by the
young ladies for the part which they must
take in the management of public affairs.
The following report of the Seminary, with
one or two emendations, is taken from the
Lawrence Journal:

"The initial meeting of the Historical
Seminary was held at the University yes-
terday afternoon. Every seat in the large
lecture room was occupied. Prof. Black-
mar presided and made the opening address,
during the course of which he detailed the
work of the past and outlined the future



policy. As the corresponding members
occupied so much of the time last year-,
Prof. Blackmar said the Seminary would
meet each week this year, every other
meeting being a students' seminary. Among
the corresponding members who have sig-
nified their willingness to read papers are
Noble Prentis, C. M. Sheldon, Rev.
Ayers, Rev. Howland, Judge Thacher,
Rabbi Berkowitz, etc. The professor
reported the possibility of holding small
special seminaries, but hoped the one
would serve as a clearing house for work
done.

"Prof. Hodder followed on methods in
German universities, with special reference
to historical study. He said each univer-
sity had its three faculties, that of daw, of
theology, and of philosophy. Under the
philosophical faculty is done the work in
history, except at one or two universities,
which have special historical faculties.
There are two sorts of students, those who
are idle doing nothing at all and the work-



Online LibraryKansas. UniversitySeminary notes published by the Seminary of historical and political science → online text (page 7 of 62)