XXV. Sweepstake Premiums and Matches â Death. â In sweep-
PASSAIC COtTNTY AGRI&ULTURAl SOCIETY. 11
stake premiums or matches, stakes shall be put up or forfeits paid
before the riders are weighed for the race, in the order in which
the horses are to be placed in the start â the order of starting to be
determined by lot.
All sweepstake premiums and matches advertised by the Asso-
ciation are to be under its conti-ol and governed by its rulcL ; and
when a stake has been closed, no nomination .hall be cLinged
without the consent of all parties to the stake. If an d tercd
horse die, or a subscriber entering him die before the race, no for-
feit shall be required.
Horses not properly identified in naming or entering are disqual-
ified from starting for any premium or sweepstake premium. Com-
plaint must be made to the Judges before tlie race; they shall then
investigate the case and decide upon it.
XXVI. Ownership op Entered Horses. â "When any person en-
ters a horse or subscribes under a fictitious name, or in the name
of a person not fully identified at the time, he will be considered
in all respects as the owner of the horse, and as the subscriber to
the stake. The Secretary fihall have power to call upon a nomina-
tor to produce testimony that the horse named is not the property,
either wholly or m part, of any person whose name appears in the
list of defaulters ; and if he fail to do so, the Secretary may cause
the nomination to be erased.
XXVII. Of Forfeits. â A person owing a forfeit in any stake or
match run over, or agreed to be run over, any Course under the
control of any recognized Association, subsequent to the adoption
of these rules, shall not bo allowed to start a horse for any pre-
mium or sweepstake premium; but no charge that such foifeit is
due shall be heard, unless before starting. No horse, owned by
a person prevented from starting one under these rules, shall be
allowed to run, though said horse be entered in another name, or
found in another stable. Whenever the Judges are informed that
a person has entered, or caused a horse to be entered or named,
in a race in violation of any of these rules, they shall immedialely
make au examination of the evidence, so as to enable them to come
to a correct decision upon the case.
The Secretary shall keep a list of the names of all persons owing
forfeits, and shall continue to publish them with the report of each
race meeting, till they are paid, or the person ruled oflf.
12 RULES AND REGULATIONS OF RACINQ AND BETTING.
XXVni. Disqualification as to Age. â Where there is a doubt
about the age of a horse, the Judges may call ia the assistance of
persons, in whose knowledge and honesty they have confidence, to
aid them in deciding the question. When a clear case of disqual-
ification is made out, the entrance-money is forfeited, and they
shall not allow the horse to start in the race ; but if they have
doubts, they may allow the horse to run ; and if he proves a win-
ner, they shall retain the money, or premium^ and give the par-
tics sixty days to procure testimony touching the case. If the
disqualificaiion is made out, they shall pay the money to the own-
er of the horse that was placed second in the race ; and if it is not
made out, they shall pay the money to the owner of the horse that
was placed best in the race.
XXIX. Selling and Drawing. â Xo person shall be permitted
to draw or sell his horse (if by the sale the horse be drawn) dur-
ing the pendency of a race, except with the permission of the
Judges, under the penalty of being ruled off the Course.
XXX. IIoRSE Sold with His Engagements. â When a horse ia
sold with his engorgements, the seller has not the power of striking
the horse out; but, as the original subscriber remains liable for
the forfeits, he may, if compelled to pay them, place them on the
forfeit list, as due from the purchaser to himself, and both the pur-
chaser and the horse remain under ihe same disabihties as if the
purchaser had been the original subscriber. In all cases of pri-
vate sale, the written acknowledgment of both parties that the
horse was sold with the engagement, is necessary to entitle cither
buyer or seller to the benefit of this rule.
XXXI. For the Protection op Owners and Trainers. â No
owner or trainer, who employs a rider, rubber, or helper from an-
other stable, without a written discharge from his hist employer,
or other satisfactory evidence of such discharge, shall be allowed
to enter, start, turn, or manage any horse, mare, or gelding for
any stake or premium to be run for on this Courso. The Secre-
tary, on receiving a complaint in writing, from any owner or train-
er claiming to be aggrieved by an infringement of this rule, may,
in his discretion, notify the person so complained against, in writ-
ing, of the matter of complaint, and stating his liabilities under
this rule; and such person shall remain subject to the above pen-
PASSAIC COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. 13
alty until the Secretary shall be satisfied that he is no longer liable
to the same, and shall notify him to that effect in writing.
XXXII. For the Protection of Hired Riders, Rubbers, &c. â
No owner or trainer who shall be in arrears to any hired rider,
rubber, or helper for more than three months' wages sliall be al-
lowed to' enter, start, turn, or manage any horse, mare, or geld-
ing for any stake or premium to be run for on this course ; pro-
vided, that the Secretary shall not receive any complaint of an in-
fringement of this rule, except from the party aggrieved, person-
ally, or by his affidavit duly attested before a magistrate ; and if
the complaint is then substantiated by evidence satisfactory to the
Secretary, he shall notify the person complained against, stating
the case in point, and his liabilities under this rule ; an<l such per-
son shall remain subject to the above penalty until the Secretary
shall be satisfied that he is no longer liable to the same, and shall
notify him to that eflPect in writing.
XXXIII. Op Persons Expelled from Other Courses. â Any
person who has been expelled from a recognized Jockey Club or
Association, or ruled off any of their courses, subsequent to the
adoption of these rules, will not be permitted to enter a horse for
any premium, or in any sweepstake premium to be run for on this
course; nor shall he be permitted to turn, ride, or attend in any
capacity a horse on this Course, in any race.
XXXIV. Of Decorum. â If any owner, trainer, rider, startor, or
attendant of a horse use improper language to the officers of the
Course, or be guilty of improper conduct, the person so offending
shall never be permitted to start, train, ride, turn, or attend a
horse over this Course again in any race, unless reinstated by the
XXXV. Persons Entitled to be on the Quarter-Stretch. â
During the pendency of a heat, no person shall be allowed to be
on the quarter-stretch, except the owners, trainers, and immediate
attendants of the horses about to start, until after the horses are
ordered away from the stand, at the end of the heat.
XXXVI. â Handicap. â A handicap is a race in which the horses
are weighed according to their merits, in the estimation of the
XXXVII. Cases Unprovided for. â In all matters relating to
14 RULES AND REGULAtlONS OP RACING AND BETTING.
the race, or running, not provided for in these rules, the Judges
will decide and direct according to the best of their judgment, and
the usages of the turf in such cases, and from their decision there
shall be no appeal.
RULES FOR RUMING AND BETTmG.
1. Catch Weights. â Four inches are a hand ; fourteen pounds
are a stone. Catch Weights are jockeys to ride without weighing.
A Feather Weight is defined to be four stone, but by custom is
taken to mean a jockey of the lightest weight to be obtained, and
who does not go to scale.
2. Untried and Maiden Horses. â An untried stallion or mare
is one whose produce has never started in public*
A maiden horse or mare is one that has never won.
3. Post Match. â A Post Match is to insert the terras of the
race in the article?, and to run any horse without declaring what
horse until they come to the post to start.
In a Post-Stake Premium the horses may be required to be
named the day before the race.
4. Winners. â Horses that win a heat shall be considered better
than those that do not win a heat ; and those that win two heats
better than those that win but one â -provided they be not dis-
tanced in the race. Of the horses that each win a heat, he shall
be considered best that is best placed in the final heat of the race.
Of the horses that have not won a heat, he shall be considered
best that is best placed in the final heat of the race.
Walking over or receiving forfeit shall be deemed winning.
5. Distanced Horses. â Distanced horses are beaten by those
that are not distanced. Drawn horses shall be considered dis-
tanced. Hoi'ses ruled out for not winning a heat shall not be con-
sidered distanced. A horse distanced in a subsequent heat beats
a horse distanced in a orevious heat. Horses distanced in the
same heat are equal.
6. Second Horse. â If, in the fiaal heat of a race, there be but
PASSAIC COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. 15
one horse placed, no horse shall be considered as second in the
7. The Field. â The person who lays the odds can choose his
hoise or the field ; when he has chosen his horse, the field is what
starts against him. In all races where the entries are made the
day before the race, bets on the field are off, unless all the horses
advertised to run, start. In all sweepstake-premiums, if one
horse is backed against* the field, and only one of the field start,
the bets must stand. In all pay or play races, or pay or play bets,
the bets on the field must stand for a walk-over.
8. Bets between Heats. â All bets made between heats are off,
unless all the horses that have the right, start in the next heat.
9. Bets during a Heat. â Bets made during the running of a
heat, are not determined until the conclusion of the race, if the
heat is not mentioned at the time.
10. Dead Heat. â In running heats, if it cannot be decided
which horse is first, it shall be deemed a dead heat, and shall not
be counted, but shall be considered a heat as regards all the rest
of the horses in the race ; and those only shall start for the next
heat which would have been entitled had it been won by either
horse making the dead heat.
11. Play or Pay. â When a bet is made on a horse, play or
pay, the horse must start, or the party betting on him loses the
12. Off Bets. â .\ confirmed bet cannot be off but by mutual
consent, except in cases hereinafter mentioned.
13. Making Stakes. â Either of the betters may demand stakes
to be made, and, on refusal, declare the bet to be void.
14. Declaring Off.â If a better be absent on the day of run-
ning, a public declaration of the bet may be made on the Course to
the Judges, and a demand whether any person will make stakes
for the absent parties ; and if no person consent to do so, the bet
may be declared void.
15. Bets not Off. â Bets agreed to be paid, or received, else-
where than at the place of running, or any other specified place,
cannot be declared off on the Course.
If) RULES AND REGULATIONS OP RACING AND BETTING.
16. Bets Off by Postponement. â When a race is postponed
from one day to another, all by-bets, except they are play or pay,
shall be off.
lY. Placing Horses. â "When a better undertakes to place the
horses in a race, he must give a speciiied place, as Ist, 2J, 3d
and ro on. The word last shall not be construed to mean fourth
and distanced, if four start, but fourth ojily, and so on. A dis-
tanced horse must be placed distanced.
18. Bets and Placing. â Horses shall be placed in a race, and
bets decided, as they are placed in the official record.
19. Double Events. â Bets on all double events are play or
20. On Horses about Starting. â Bets on horses whose riders
have been called upon by the starter to take their places for the
pui-pose of starting, are pay or play.
21. Horses Becoming the Property of Same Owker. â Bets be-
tween any horses that become the property of the same person, or
his avowed confederate, are void.
22. On Horses Disqualified. â Bets on horses disqualified, and
not allowed to .start, for want of proper identification in naming or
entering, are void, unless the bets are play or pay.
23. Death of the Horse or Nominator â Bets become void on
the death of the nominator of the horse betted on, or if the race
for which the horse is named be the first of a double event ; but
not so on the death of the horse, or the owner of such horse, un-
less nominated by him.
24. On Omitting to Pay Stakes. â Bets are not vitiated because
the owner of the horse may have omitted to pay stakes before
25. On Transferuing Bets. â A bet cannot be transferred
â without the consent of both parties to it.
26. Matches and Beps Void by Dkath. â Matches and bets are
void on the decease of either party, before the match or bet is
27. Fixed Events. â All beta on fixed events when the horses
are entered as yearlings are pay or play.
FAS^AIC CrOUNTT AGRICULTURAL SOCIETT. 17
28. Bets on a Dead Heat that is Divided. â Bets between
horses that run a dead heat^ and whose owners' agree tO' divide,
or between either of such horses and the field, must be put toge-
ther and divided in the same proportion as the stakes. If a bet
is made on one of the horses that ran the dead heat, against a
horse that is beaten in the race, the backer of the former wins
half his bet. If the dead heat be the first event of a double bet,
the bet is void, provided the dead heat is not run over.
BULES AND BEGULATIONS
FOR THE GOTEENMENT OF TIIE
IMPROVEMENT OF THE BLOOD HORSE.
Organization, Name, &c. â This Organization shall be known
and stj'led, " The Laclede Association of St. Louis, Mo., for the
Improvement of the Blood Horse."
Officers. â The officers shall consist of a President, First, Sec-
ond, Third, and Fourth Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, Official and
Corresponding Secretaries, to take rank in the order named.
Members. â After the adoption of these articles of agreement,
new members may be recen ed upon written application made to
the Executive Committee. If no objections are made, the appli-
cant will be received upon the payment of the regular fee, which
shall be fifty dollars, and such assessments as the Executive Com-
mittee may order from time to Lime, not to exceed twenty-five dol-
lars per annum, and subscriliiig to the Constitution and By-Laws.
If objections are made, tluu a full vote of the Committee must be
had, and two negatives will reject.
Executive Committee. â The Executive Committee shall consist
of the President and Vice-Presidents, a majority of which shall
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.
Duties of Officers â Tqe President. â The President shall pre-
side at all meetings of the Association and Executive Committee ;
shall be ex-officio Presiding Judge of all trials of speed ; shall ap-
point the Stewards and such officers as the Executive Committee
may deem necessary.
Vice-Presidents. â The Vice-Presidents shall assist the Presi-
dent in the discharge of his duties, and, in his absence, preside;
taking precedence as they rank.
THE LACLEDE BLOOD-HORSE ASSOCIATION. 19
Executive Committee. â The Executive Committee shall have
full power under the rules to transact all business pertaining to
the well-being of the Association ; shall determine the time of each
race meeting and the amount of premiums to be offered, and the
Treasurer. â The Treasurer shall receive all moneys belonging
to the Association, and pay out the same onlv upon the order of
the Official Secretary, countersigned by the President, or, in his
absence, the next ranking Vice-President. He shall make an an-
nual exhibit of the financial condition of the Association on the
first Monday in January each year.
Official Secretary. â The Official Secretary shall keep a cor-
rect account between the Association and its members ; shall keep
a fair record of all entries and races ; he shall attend the meetings
of the Executive Committee, and furnish all information his books
and papers afford when called upon; and shall, on the first Monday
in January, furnish a full and fair statement of the transactions of
the Association for the past year ; he shall keep a record of all the
transactions of the Association and of the Committee.
Corresponding Secretary. â The Corresponding Secretary shall
correspond with kindred associations and with individuals, acting
under the advice and direction of the President ; shall file all let-
ters received, and keep a letter-press copy of all sent.
Election of Officers. â The President, Vice-Presidents, and
Treasurer shall be elected annually by ballot, the poll being kept
open the entire day at the rooms of the Secretary â notice being
given through the papers â on the first Monday succeeding the
regular fail meeting, and shall serve one year or until their succes-
sors are elected. The Secretaries to be appointed at the first reg-
ular meeting of the Executive Committee by the President, subject
to the approval of the Committee.
Voting. â In full meeting of the Association all members are en-
titled to one vote for each share of fifty dollars â a majority in all
cases to govern. In committee the President has the casting vote
in case of a tie.
Expulsion. â Members may be expelled for a violation of any
of the rules, or for failure to pay the regular assessments of the
20 RULES AND REGULATIONS OF RACING AND BETTING.
Association, and for any offence against good order or honesty ;
but in all cases, except payment of dues, a vote of two-thirds of a
full meeting of the Association will be required to expel ; in the
latter the Executive Committee can act at its discretion.
Resignations. â Resignations can only be accepted when made
in writing thirty days preceding the regular race meeting, and
then only upon the full payment of all charges against the mem-
Meetings of the Association. â The Association will hold a
regular annual meeting on the first Monday after the regular fall
meeting, and may meet at any time for the transaction of business
that the Executive Committee may designate â public notice being
first given one week previous through the local papers. â Any five
members uniting in a written i-equest to that effect to the Presi-
dent, he shall call the Association together by public notice.
Rules for the Course â Officers of the Day. â The officers of
the day shall be three Judges in the main stand, and two Judges
in the distance stand, and two Timing Judges ; the Timers to be
appointed by the Presiding Judge. During the pendency of a
heat the Judges' stand must be kept clear, and none permitted in-
side except those above designated. The Judges may, upon ex-
traordinary occasions, invite some distinguished guest to a seat in-
side the stand as a mark of distinguished honor. The President
and Vice-Presidents are ex-officio Judges, but may appoint sub-
Duties of Judges. â When the Judges have taken their places
in the stand, the race and all police regulations of the Course shall
be under their control, and any jockey, trainer, or owner who shall
use insulting language towards the Judges, or who shall refuse to
comply with their orders or instructions, may be by them, at their
discretion, suspended or expelled from any participation in the
racing, or any privileges of the Course.
Any member using violent or abusive language towards the
Judges shall, on their written protest to the Executive Committee,
be expelled, and shall be officially notified of the fact.
The Judges shall see that the riders are dressed in jockey style,
instruct the riders before starting ; they shall proclaim from the
stand the time and result of each heat and the result of the race.
THE LACLKDB BLOOD-HORSE ASSOCIATION. 21
They sliall decide all disputes ; they shall receive no evidence
of foul riding except from the officers of the day, and from their
decision there shall be no appeal.
The Presiding Judge shall decide which horse wins a heat.
Should he be unable to decide, he shall call for the opinions of hia
assistants, and the majority shall govern.
Distance Judges. â During heats the Distance Judges shall re-
main in the distance stand ; at the termination of each heat thoy
shall repair to the Judges' stand and report the horse or horses
that may be distanced, and any foul riding they may detect. A
horse outside the string is distanced.
Owners, Trainers, and Riders. â No compromise or agreement
between two or more persons not to oppose each other, or to run
jointly against any other person or persons, will be permitted.
Upon satisfactory proof of the same being produced before the
Judges, the parties so offending shall be ruled off the Course.
Every horse started shall run a hona-fide i-ace. If fraud be dis-
covered, and the money has been paid, the same shall be restored
on the demand of the Judges, and by them paid to the owner of
the next best horse.
No person shall be permitted to start or turn a horse, except
the rider, unless by special commission of the Judges; nor shall
any person stand in the track to point out a path to the rider,
under such penalty as the Judges may choose to inflict.
No person shall be permitted to draw or sell his horse (if by
the sale the horse is drawn) during the pendency of a race, under
penalty of expulsion from the Course.
After a horse is entered in a race he shall be under the control
of the Judges of the day, and shall not be drawn until the conclu-
sion of the race without their consent, which consent they are at
liberty to give upon satisfactory evidence why he should not start.
A refusal to start a horse under this rule, when ordered to do so
by the Judges, will forever prevent the owner or trainer from en-
tering or starting a horse on this Course.
Riders. â All riders must be dressed in jockey style, must be
weighed, and receive their instructions from the Judges before
starling. At the termination of the heat they must return to the
Judges' stand, and must not dismount without permission from
the Judges ; nor shall they allow a,nyone to cover their horses, or
22 RULES AND REGTTLATIOSS OF RACINO AKD BBTTING.
take anything off, until they receive permiaion to dismount, and
then shall repair to the scales to be weighed.
"When a horse carries dead loelght^ it shall be the duty of the
Steward to unsaddle and receive his equipments ; no other person
will be permitted to handle the same until after the weighing.
In single lieat races there may be as many riders or horses from
the same stable as may be wished, but in heat races two or more
riders or horses from the same stable will not be permitted to start
without special permission of the Judges.
If a jockey fall from his horse and another person of sufficient
weight ride him in, it will be considered the same as if he had r.ot
fallen, provided from or beyond where the jockey fell ; or a rider
thrown or taken from his horse, after passing the winning-post,
shall not be considered dismounted without the Judges' permis-
sion ; and if disabled, may be carried to the stand to be weighed.
Instruction to Riders. â If a rider or horse shall jostle or stri'.ce
another horse or rider, or do anything that impedes his adversary,
it isfoul riding; and the horse that impedes the other shall bo ad-
judged distanced. A leading horse is entitled to any part of the
track; yet, if he crosses an adversary, or swerves towards him, so
near that he compels the horse behind to shorten his stride, it is
foul riding â the horse shall be declared distanced. All complaints
of foul riding must be made betore the horses start for another
heat ; and if it happen in the last heat, before the Judges leave
Entries. â Entries must be made at such time and place as the
Executive Committee may determine, subject to conditions as they
may impose by advertisement.
Entries shall be made in writing, sealed, and shall state the
name, age, sex, and color of the horse entered, the name of ita
sire and dam, and a description of the rider's dress, and shall con-