THOS. KIRKPATRICK, Importer,
805 Broadway, cor. Duane Street.
THE AMERICAN GENTLEMAN'S NEWSPAPER.
% Cito^kk of fi)j Jqlrf,- JielD Â§j)oirlÂ§, fi^e Sk^h\(j, j|II)c> Si^ge.
" WiLKKs' Spirit'" is the great Sporting Paper of America. It
is now the only Spirit of the Times in existence â€” the Old Spirit
and Porter's Spirit both having become merged in its existence.
From its superb Sketches; its masterly Criticisms, Military as well
as Literary ; its graphic and detailed Reports of the Turf, the
Ring, the Road, the Field ; its current accounts of Hunting, Fish-
ing, and Shooting ; its Departments of Cricket, Base- Hall,- Billiards,
Chess, Draughts, and other Parlor Cames ; and its profuse and
matchless Musical and Dramatic Literature, it has justly been
cliaracterized as the '^American (tentleman's Newspaper." As
such, it has united on its staff the ablest writers on its various
specialties, and has long been recognized as the only sporting au-
thority in America Its circulation is second to but one other
weekly journal in the country ; and its chief boast is, that while
acquiring this vast prosperity, it has earned, by its careful morals
and its chaste propriety of language, a respected place on the
Editor and Proprietor,
Office, 201 William Street, Xew York.
SINCLAIR TOUSEY, Wholesale Agent, 121 Nassau Street,
cassady's by-laws. 215
oflScers as he may deem necessary. In the absence of the Pres-
ident, the Benior officer present shall be the executive officer of
the day, and shall rank as President.
DUTIES OP THE OFFICIAL SECRETARY.
VII. The Secretary shall attend the Judges on each day's race ;
keep a book in which he shall record the names of the members,
the Rules of the Club, the proceedings of each meeting, and the
entries of horses for each day's race. He shall keep an account
of each day's race, and shall publish the result ; he shall see that
the riders are weighed before starting in the race, and after each
heat ; it shall also be his duty to see that the horses start with
and bring in their appropriate weights,
DUTIES OF TREASURER AND CORRESPONDING SECRETARY.
VIII. The Treasurer shall collect the subscriptions of members,
employing assistance for that purpose vi^hen necessary, and shall
furnish the Official Secretary with all necessary information.
IX. When there is no regularly-organized Club or Association,
the racing may be conducted by a Manager, who shall be invested
with all the power of an Executive Committee.
X. The Executive Committee may postpone a race in case of
bad weather overhead, or upon any very extraordinary occasion
that would justify them in so doing.
XI. When anyone is proposed as a member of the Club or
Association, any member present may object to the reception,
stating his reasons for objecting. The question of reception or
rejection shall be put to vote, and if one-third of the mem-
bers present vote against the nominee, he shall be rejected. In
case of a question of the expulsion of a member, if a majority of
the members present vote for expulsion, he shall be expelled. If
it can be proved that any member, or any proposed member,
owes either a forfeit or a bet, lost on a race, and refuses to pay, it
shall be deemed sufficient reason for rejection or expulsion, with-
â€¢216 RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR RACING AND BETTING.
out voting, and the Executive Committee shall declare such re-
jection or expulsion.
XII. Members wishing to resign shall enclose their resignation
to the Treasurer at least thirty days previous to a race-meeting ;
and the names of members not resigning, and failing to pay their
subscription when applied to, shall be reported by the Treasurer
to the next meeting of the Club.
OFFICERS OF THE DAT.
XIII. The Officers of the day shall be three Judges and the
Official Secretary in the main stand, and two Judges in the
distance stand. The Judges may appoint a timer to come in the
stand with them, or they may select one of their own number to
act as timer, and no other person should be permitted in the
stand during the pendency of a heat, excepting in case of some
extraordinary occasion, when the Judges of the day, or senior
officer of the Executive Committee, may extend an invitation, as
a mark of honor, to a seat in the Judges' stand, as it is at all
times desirable to keep the Judges' stand as clear as possible of
DUTIES OF JUDGES.
XIV. When Ihe Judges have been selected, and have taken
their places in the stand, the race and all police regulations of
the track shall be under their control, and any jockey, trainer,
or owner, who shall use abusive or insulting language to the
Judges, or who shall refuse to comply with their orders or in-
structions, may be by them suspended from any participation in
the racing, or any privileges of the Course, for six or twelve
months, or indefinitely, at their discretion ; and any member of
the Club or Association who shall use abusive or insulting language
to the Judges, shall, on their written protest to the Executive
Committee, be expelled ; and it shall be the duty of the Official
Secretary to give the members so oflfending a written notice of
XV. The Judges shall see that the riders are dressed in jockey
style ; instruct the riders before starting. They shall appoint two
or three official timers, and proclaim from the stand the time
and i-esult of each heat, and the result of the race. They shall
decide all disputes ; they shall receive no evidence of foul riding,
cassady's by-laws. 217
except from the officers of the day, and from their decision there
shall be no appeal.
XVI. The presiding Judge shall decide which horse wins a
heat; but should he be unable to decide, he shall call for the
opinions of his assistants, and the majority shall govern.
XYII. During the heats, the Distance Judges shall remain in
the distance stand. At the termination of each heat they shall
repair to the Judges' stand and report the horse or horses that
may be distanced, and any foul riding they may detect. The
Distance Judges should be strict and exact in the performance of
their duty. If a horse is only a head out of the distance allowed,
he should be reported to the Judges of the day, and he should
not be allowed to start again in the race.
OWNERS, TRAINERS, AND RIDERS.
XVIII. No compromise or agreement between two or more
persons not to oppose each other in a race, or to run jointly
against any other person or persons, will be permitted. Upon
satisfactory proof of the same being produced before the Judges,
they shall declare the horses of such persons distanced and the
parties so offending shall be ruled off the Course. Every horse
started shall run a bona-fide race. If any fraud be discovered,
and the purse, stakes, or match-money has been paid, the same
shall be restored on demand of the Judges, and by them paid over
to the owner of the next best horse.
XIX. No person shall be permitted to strike a horse with a
whip over three feet in length, to get him from the stand in the
start, nor shall any person stand in the track to point out a
path to the rider.
XX. No person shall be permitted to draw or sell his horse
(if by the sale the horse be drawn) during the pendency of a
race, except with the permission of the Judges, under penalty of
being expelled from the Club.
XXI. After a horse shall be entered in a race, he shall be con-
sidered to bo under the control of the Judges of the day, and;
shall not be withdrawn until the conclusion of the race, as far as
he is concerned, without their consent, which consent they are at
liberty to give, if the owner or trainer can give satisfactory
218 RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR RACING AND BETTING.
reasons why his horse should be drawn ; and any owner or traine*
who shall refuse to start his horse in compliance with this rule,
when ordered to start by the Judges, will not be again permitted
to start or enter a horse on this Course.
XXII. All riders must be dressed in jockey style ; must be
weighed, and receive their instructions from the Judges before
starting. At the termination of the heat, they must return to the
Judges' stand, and must not dismount without permission from
the Judges; nor shall they allow anyone to cover their horses
or take anything off until they receive permission to dismount,
and then shall repair to the scales to be weighed.
XXIII. In all single-heat races, there may be as many riders
or as many horses from the same stable as may be wished. But,
in races of heats, two or more riders will not be permitted to
start, without special permission from the Judges.
XXIV. If a jockey fall from his horse, and another person of
sufficient weight ride him in, it shall be considered the same as if
he had not fallen; provided from or beyond where the jockey
fell. Or a rider thrown or taken by force from his horse, after
passing the winning-post, shall not be considered as dismounted
without permission from the Judges, and if disabled, be carried to
the Judges' stand to be weighed.
INSTRUCTIONS TO RIDERS.
XXV. If a rider or horse shall jostle or strike another horse
or rider, or do anything that impedes an adversary, whether 1)y
accident or not, it is foul riding, and the horse that impedes the
other shall be adjudged distanced. A leading horse is entitled to
any part of the track ; yet, if he crosses an adversary, or swerves
towards him, so near that he compels the horse behind him to
shorten his stride, or if he causes the rider to pull him back from
his stride, it is foul riding; the horse must be declared distanced.
All complaints of foul riding must be made before the horses
start in another heat, and if it happen in the last heat, before
the Judges leave the stand. No evidence of foul riding shall be
received, except from the officers of the day.
ENTRIES. â€” FORFEITS.
Rule I. Entries must be made at such time and place as the
Executive Committee may appoint, subject to such conditions as
CASSADt's BT-tAWS. 219
the Committee may impose, by advertisement. Every entry shall
describe the age, name, color, sex, sire, and dam of the horse,
with the owner's name and colors. Any horse having run under
a name, if said name be changed, the entry shall state the fact
the first time of entering after said change ; and if sire or dam
bear a name, said name must be stated, except for a Post Stake,
in which no entry need be named until the day of the race. In
sweepstakes or matches, stakes shall be put up or forfeits. paid
before the riders are weighed for the race, in the order in which
the horses are to be placed in the start ; the order of starting
to be determined by lot. After the rider has been officially
weighed, forfeit cannot be paid ; and when a stake has been closed,
no nomination shall be changed without the consent of all parties
to the stake. Four inches are a hand. Fourteen pounds are a
stone. Catch weights are parties to ride without weighing. An
untried stahion or mare is one whose produce has never won. A
maiden horse or mare is one that has never run.
AGES. â€” WEIGHTS.
II. A horse's age shall be reckoned from the first of February,
and the following weight shall be carried : Two-year-olds, ;
three-year-olds, ; four-year-olds, ; five-year-olds, ;
six-year-olds, . Mares and geldings allowed three pounds.
No horse shall be allowed to start in a race carrying more than five
pounds overweight ; if any horse carry five pounds overweight,
it shall be the duty of the Judges to announce it from the stand.
Nothing shall be weighed off that was not weighed on. And any
rider who returns to the stand two pounds short of weight shall
not be entitled to win the heat ; and if three pounds short shall
be declared distanced.
III. Where there is a doubt about the age of a horse, the
Judges may call in the assistance of persons in whose knowledge
and honesty they have confidence, to aid them in deciding the
question. When a clear case of disqualification is made out, the
entrance-money is forfeited, and they shall not allow the horse to
Start in the race ; but if they have doubts, they may allow the
horse to run ; and if he prove a winner, they shall retain the
money or purse, and give the parties sixty days to procure testi-
mony touching the case. If the disqualification is made out, they
shall pay the money to the owner of the horse that was placed
220 RULES AND KEGULATtONS FOR RACING AND BETTING.
second in the race ; and if it is not made out, they shall pay the
money to the owner of the horse that was placed best in the
DISTANCES. â€” TIME BETWEEN HEATS.
IV. In heats of one mile, fifty yards shall be a distance;
in mile heats, best three in five, sixty yards shall be a distance;
in two-mile heats, seventy-five yards shall be a distance; in
three-mile heats, ninety yards shall be a distance; in four-mile
heats, one hundred yards shall be a distance ; in single dashes,
there shall be no distance.
TIME BETWEEN HEATS.
V. The time between heats shall be twenty minutes for mile
heats ; thirty minutes for two-mile heats ; thirty-five minutes for
three-mile heats ; forty-five minutes for four-mile heats ; and
twent3''-five minutes for mile heats, best three in five.
YI. The Judges may start the horses by the tap of the drum,
or the word go. In case of a false start, the horses shall be
recalled by the bell. When a false start is made, the riders shall
not be allowed to dismount, nor shall any clothing be placed on
any of the horses, and no delay shall be permitted ; but the
horses shall be started as soon as they have arrived at the start-
ing post. Horses making a false start shall return to the stand
by the nearest way. Any infringement of this rule shall be
punished by not allowing the party or parties violating it to start
in the race. If an accident happen to a horse or a rider at a
start, the Judges may grant as much delay as there is time allowed
between the heats in the race in which the horses are about to
PLACES OF HORSES AT STARTING.
VII. Places shall be drawn for at such time and place as the
Executive Committee may appoint. The horse to which the track
is allotted shall take his place on the inner or left-hand side of
the Course ; the others shall take their places on his right, accord-
ing to allotment. The winner of a heat shall, at the next start,
have the track ; the others shall take their positions on his right,
in the order in which they came out in the previous heat.
CASSADY*S BY-LAWS. 221
PLACES OF HORSES IN A RACE.
Vin. In a race, best two in three, a horse that wins two heats
or distances the field in one heat wins the race. In a race, best
three in five, the horse that Avins three heats or distances the
field wins the race. The horse that first gets his head to the
winning-post shall be considered the winner of the heat, unless
disqualified from foul riding, or lack of proper weight, in which
case the heat must be given to the next best horse.
In heats best two in three, a horse not winning one heat in
three shall be ruled out ; and in heats best three in five, a horse
not winning one heat in five shall be ruled out A dead heat
shall be considered a heat, except with the horses that make it.
When a dead heat is made, and the winning of the heat by any
of the horses making the dead heat would have terminated the
race, then the horses making the dead heat only shall be allowed
to start for another heat, and the others in the race shall be ruled
IX. Horses making dead heats shall have the pole over all
other horses in the next heat, but their own relative position for
the pole shall be the same as in the start of the dead heat. A
horse that has won a heat, or made a dead heat, shall rank better
in the race than one not winning or making a dead heat ; a horse
winning a heat better than one making a dead heat. When two
or more horses shall have won an equal humber of heats, they
shall rank in the race as they are placed in the last heat in which
they contend. Horses not winning, or making a dead heat, the
X. In all sweepstakes or purse races of a single dash, or so
many miles out, if there should be a dead heat, the horses making
the dead heat must run the distance over again, unless the owners
should agree to divide the stakes, in which case all bets in which
said horses were antagonistic would be off, though all bets on
either or both of them against all the other horses engaged in the
race would stand good ; when a match shall be made between two
horses, a single dash at any distance, and result in a dead heat,
the race is a draw, and all bets are off.
XI. All horses that are drawn or ruled out before the conclusion
of a race shall be considered distanced in betting and placing, un-
222 RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR RACING AND BETTING*.
less the contrary is specified at the time the bet is made. HorsetJ
that are distanced or drav/n at the conclusion of a heat are beaten
in the race by those that start afterward. A horse that is dis-
tanced in a heat is beaten by one drawn at the termination of the
same heat. If, in the final heat of a race, there be but one horse
placed, no horse shall be entitled to receive second money, but the
whole amount goes to the winner.
XII. If any horse shall run from the track into the field, he will
be declared distanced, although he may come out ahead, unless he
turn and again enter the Course at the point from which he
swerved, or unless the Judges believe he lost ground by swerving.
XIII. Horses distanced in the first heat are equal in the race ;
but in succeeding heats, horses that are distanced in the same heat
shall rank in the race in the order in which they are entitled to at
the start of the heat ; that is, horses having won two heats better
than those winning one ; a horse that has won a heat better than
a horse only making a dead heat ; a horse winning one or two
heats, and making a dead heat, better than one winning an equal
number of heats, but not making a dead heat. "When horses win-
ning equal numbers of heats shall be distanced in the same heat,
they shall rank in the race in the order in which they started for
the heat in which they were distanced. Horses not winning or
making a dead heat governed by the same rule. Of the horses
not winning, or making a dead heat, the one that is placed best in
the last heat shall rank best in the race.
XIV. In all sweepstakes for two or three-year-olds, or in han-
dicaps, when one or more horses are taken against the field, a
representative on each side starting shall bind the bet, but a
stake open for horses over three years old shall be governed by
the rules of purses ; that is, the party losing the aid of a horse
may declare the bet off.
XV. Any party losing the aid of a horse in a purse race that
was eligible to start on his side may declare any and all bets off
that such horse is in any way embraced in ; provided they shall
make such declaration openly to the Judges in the stand, or to the
stakeholder or principal in the bet, before the horses start, for any
action on the bet. If no declaration shall be made, all bets stand.
Bets made on a play or pay race are off on the part of the horsa
cassady's by-la-ws. 222
not starting, unless the bet was specified play or pay. All engage-
ments are void on the decease of either of the parties making
them. If a race is made play or pay, or with a forfeit, the death
of the horse does not affect it; the engagement stands.
XVI. When a bet shall be made with the agreement that the
money is to be put up before the horses start, should any of the
parties be absent at the time of the race, the party present may
deposit his stake in the hands of the Judges of the day, who shall
make public declaration of the fact, and the party absent shall be
bound to stand the bet. If there is no money deposited with the
Judges, the bet is off.
XVII. If a bet is made on a horse winning a heat in the race,
and the horse named makes a dead heat, but does not win any, the
party backing the horse to win a hcut loses ; but if a bet is made
on a horse winning a specified heat^ and the horse named should
make a dead heat of the heat he was named to win, the bet shall
stand for decision the next heat. If a bet is made on any number
of straight heats, and there is a dead heat made, the heats are not
straight, and the party betting on straight heats loses. If a bet is
made that a heat will be made in a specified time, say 1:50,
and the heat is made in just 1:50, the party betting on time
wins ; but if the bet is made that 1:50 is beaten that heat, the
party betting on time loses.
XVIII. In a case where a bet shall be laid one horse against
two, a specified sum against each, the bet shall be considered a
conjunctive one; and if either of the horses should not start,
either party may declare the bet off; but if a specified sum shall
be bet on one horse against three or more horses, the bets shall be
considered separate, and shall stand against the horse or horses
that start. Where a bet shall be laid on two or more horses
beating a named horse in a race, if all the horses embraced in the
bet are distanced the first heat, the bet shall be drawn. If one
horse shall get a place, and the horse on each side shall be dis-
tanced, the bet is off.
XIX. In a double event â€” that is, where any party n^pbet on
naming two separate events â€” where there shaU* be no action on
the first event in order, in consequence of forfeit or other causes,
the bet is off ; but when there is an action on the bet, and the
party betting on the double event shall have won the first one, tha
bet shall then stand in the relation of a play or pay bet for the
224 RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR RACING AND BETTING.
second event, and the party who is not represented on that occa-
sion shall be considered beaten, and loses. When one or more
horses are matched against time, the parties matching against
time may start as many horses to accompany and encourage them
as they think proper ; and shall be allowed three trials, at such
intervals of time between trials as would be allowed in a race be-
XX. In all cases where one or more parties shall "go in," or
take an interest in any bet, made by another party, if there is a
forfeit or compromise made, such parties are entitled to receive,
or bound to pay their proper proportion, according to the amount
at issue ; and in all cases outside parties are bound by the actions
of the principal, in ratio to the amount of interest they have. In
a case where a party shall give a stipulated amount for an interest
in a bet, if there is a forfeit attached, the amount given in cases of
forfeiture shall be in ratio to the interest held, as shall also be
the amount of forfeit received. When there is no forfeit attached,
the money given for an interest shall be refunded, as the party
does not get the benefit of the chance he has paid for.
XXI. Where a bettor undertakes to place the horses in a race,
he must give each a specific place, as first, second, third, and so
on. The word last shall not be construed to mean fourth and dis-
tanced, if four start, but fourth only, and so on. A distanced
horse must be placed distanced.
XXII. Either of the bettors may demand stakes to be made ;
and on refusal, declare the bet to be void.
XXIII. If a race shall be postponed, it shall not affect the bets
that may have been made on it. They shall stand till the race
comes off, unless the contrary shall be agreed on between the
parties betting ; provided the race takes place within fifteen days
of the time first named for the race.
XXIV. Should any contingency occur not provided for by these
rules, the Judges of the day shall exercise the authority vested in
them and decide the matter, in conformity with the principles of
equity ai4lpommou sense.
EULES AND REG-ULATIOKS
METAIEIE JOCKEY CLUB
OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA.
I. Name.â€” This Association shall be known by the name of the
"Metairie Jockey Cltjb of the State op Louisiana."
II. Officers.â€” The Officers of the Club shall consist of a Presi-
dent, first and second Vice-Presidents, a Secretary, and a Treasurer,
who shall be elected annually, at a meeting previous to the April
meeting; on his election the President shall appoint five Stewards,
three Timers, and a Ladies' Committee of three.
in. Duties of the President and Vice-Presidents. â€” The Pies-