L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

. (page 16 of 49)
Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 16 of 49)
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times to the following gems : Augustus (Stosch's cast) ; Head of
Demetrius Poliorcetes (Brit. Mus.) ; Satyr running; Head of
Hector Poniatoswki ; - - Pythagoras seated ; Faun carrying
hydria ; Perseus, &c.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Babelon, Pierres gravees, 1884, p. 171. Daremberg et
Saglio, op. cit., II, p. 1480 a. H. Brunn, op. cit., II, 513-516. Furtwangler,
op. cit. King, Handbook of Engraved Gems, 1884. Prendeville, historical and
Descriptive Account of the famous collection of Antique Gems possessed l-y the late Prince
Potiiatou'ski, London, 1841.

KOIRION (XOIPIHN) (Greek). FideVoL I p. 270. Coin-engraver
at Catana, circ. B.C. 400-336.

His full signature appears on the following coin :

r. -tfL. Tetradrachm. Obv. Laureated head of Apollo, facing ; on
either side, strung bow and lyre, hair long and loose ; in field, to 1.,
XOIPIHN ; beneath neck, APOAAflN.

ty- KATANAIHN (in ex.). Quadriga tor., driven by male char-
ioteer, holding goad in r. and reins in both hands ; the rein



201

of the farthest horse broken and trailing; horses in high action;
above, Nike holding wreath and fillet, is flying to 1., to crown
the charioteer; in ex., cray-fish to r. ; beyond the horses, fluted
Ionic column (meta).

B.M.Cat., Sicily, p. 47, n 34. We'll t Ki"instIerinschrift-

en &c., PL in, n 3 ; Macdonald, Cat. of the Hunterian

Collection, I, p. 172, n 12 (illustrated).




The signature XOI occurs also on the obv. of a Drachm, the T$L.
of which is by the engraver HERAKLEIDAS-

2. yR. Drachm. Obv. AM EN A... Young head of River-god
Amenanos, three-quarter face towards I., hair diademed and wavy ;
on either side of head, cray-fish and fish; beneath neck, XOI-

I^-..TA... ( m ex.) Fast quadriga to r., driven by female charioteer,
holding spear in r. hand, shield in 1. ; above, Nike flying to 1. crown-
ing charioteer; in ex.. maeander pattern; in field to r.,

HPAKAEIAA-

B.M.Cat., Sicily, p. 49, n 42. - Weil, op. >.,P1. in,




' ~



BIBLIOGRAPHY. L. Forrer, Les Signatures de graveurs sur hs monnaifs
grtcqttes, Bruxellcs, 1905.

KOKOROWA, PETER COUNT VON (Bobem.}. Mint-master general to
the Chapter of SS Peter and Paul on the Wyschehrad, 1699-1710,
under Leopold I. and Joseph I.

KOLB, ANDREAS (Germ.}. Goldsmith of Bayreuth ; Mint-master
and engraver at Culmbach, 1621- 1622. No further particulars are
known of him.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Schlickeysen-Pallmann, op. cit. - - Ammon, op. cit.
Gebert-Ntirnberg, Die Brandenbitrg-Frdnkiscben Kippermun^statten, 1620-1622,
1901.



2O2

KOLB, PETER ANTON (Germ.'). Mint-master at Schwabach, 1761-
1780. His signature K occurs in conjunction with that of KERN
(Mint-warden) on a Memorial Thaler of Alexander, Markgrave of
Brandenburg, dated 1765 ; also on 20 Kreutzerpieces of 1765, Half
Gulden of 1760, 1765, and Thalers of Schwabach.

KOLB, HANS NICOLAUS (Germ.). Mint-master at Hatzfeld, 1685-
1687.

KOLD, C. Vide GEORG HOLDERMANN (Vide Vol. II, p. 528).
Ammon, Sammlung,&.c., and Blanchet, Medailles alkmandes (Num.
du moyen age et moderne, II, p. 375) both give erroneously this
Engraver's name.

KOLOB, probably KOLB (Germ.) is mentioned as a Die-sinker in
connection with the Mint-engraver, Gaspare Mola, at Florence,
circa 1610. Mola complained to the Duke Ferdinand, that he had
to work from dies supplied by the German Kolob, whose productions
he considered far inferior to his own.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. E. Plon, Benvenuto Cellini, p. 360.

KOLOBOFF, IWAN (Riiss.). Mint-master at Katharinenburg, 1825-
1830. The signature N. K. occurs on coins issued by him.

ROLLER, GEORG (Austr.). Die-sinker at Vienna, early part of the
seventeenth century.

KOLLER, SAMUEL (Germ.). Goldsmith of Brieg, who in 1674 cut
dies for the Brieg Mint, and in 1675 executed a commemorative
medal on the death of Georg Wilhelm, Duke of Silesia, the last of
the Piasts (signed S. K.). Vide KOHLER supra.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg, Scblesietis neuere Mun^geschichU. Cbelmins-
ki Sale Catalogue, 1904.

KOLLMANN, JOHANN ADAM (Austr.). Mint-warden at Gratz in
Styria, circa 1767-1789. His initials A. K. occur on Zwanzi'gers oi
1767, 1768, 1769 and 1771. Kollmann was the last Mint-warden
in Styria; his successor had the title of Assayer of the Coins
(Landmunz-Probirer).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Th. Unger, Kleine Beitrdge %nr Mun^kunde des Kronlandes
Steiertiiark, 1 89 5 .

KOLM, WILHELM (Germ.). Wax-modeller of Berlin, circ. 1700.
Author of numerous Portrait-medallions. His son, LUKAS
WILHELM K., born at Hamburg, in 1693, worked for the Mark-
grave Charles at Soldin; died at Danzig in 1757.

KONERMANN (also KIENERMANN, or KINDEMAN), HANS (Germ.).
Mint-master at Wunstorf, 1566-7.



- 20 3 -

KONGSBERG, ERASMUS SIMON (Germ.). Mint-engraver at Kongs-
berg, 1733-1764.

KONGSDORF (Germ.). Medallist of the third quarter of the eigh-
teenth century ; he was \vorking at Leipzig, circa 1766, and signed
his productions with a K.

KONIKE (also KONEKE, KOHNE or KONING), JOACHIM or
JURGEN (Germ.}. Mint-master at Rostock, 1606-1609, tnen at
Franzburg. According to Evers he was appointed 21. May 1606
and resigned in May 1609.

KONRAD (CUNO) (Aiistr.}. A monk of the Order of Minorite
Brethren, Mint-master at Vienna, 1290 (?).

KONTOS, DEMETRE (Greek}. Engraver at Karpenissi, who cut the
dies for the 1831 coinage of Greece, struck in the island of Aegina,
under the governor Jean Capodistrias. The coinage of 1831 consist-
ed of 20, 10, 5 and i Lepta pieces.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Information kindly supplied by M. Jean P. Lambros.

KONSE or KONZE, C. F. (Dutch'). Medallist of the second half ot
the eighteenth century ; pupil of Lageman. By him are the follow-
ing medals in the Museum at The Hague : Inauguration of Wil-
lem V. as Stadhouder, 1766; - - Visit of Prince Willem V. and
consort, Frederica Sophia Wilhelmina to Amsterdam, 1768; -
Birth of the Prince of Orange, 28. November 1770; The Walloon
Orphanage at Amsterdam, 1770; Inauguration of the Lutheran
Deaconry at Amsterdam, 1771 ; - Peter Curtenius, theologian of
Amsterdam, 1766 ; The four brothers Jorissen, 1767 ; Second
Centenary of the Relief of Leyden, 1774; - Second centenary
of the Lutheran Orphanage at Amsterdam, 1778, etc.

KOPE, HANS (Germ.}. Mint-master and warden at Augsburg,
1456-1458.

KOPE, JULES (Germ.}. Contemporary Sculptor, born in Poland.
At the Salon of 1885 he exhibited a Portrait-medallion of Jean
Oscar Pauvert de la Chapelle, the well-known collector.

KOPPELLEIN, HANS {Dan.}. Mint-master at Copenhagen, 1564-
65.

KOPPERS, HEINRICH (Germ.}. Mint-master at Cologne, 1722-
1734. His initials or monogram occur on coins of Clemens August,
Duke of Bavaria, Archbishop of Cologne.

KOPPERS, I. (Germ.}. Mint-master at Munster, under Maximilian
Friedrich, Count Konigseck-Rothenfels, Bishop of Munster, 1762-



204

1784. A medal, with portrait of the Bishop, dated 1767, and
engraved by EPLI bears Koppers' initials on obv.

KOPPIN, LUDWIG (Germ.}. Medallist and Modeller in wax, born
in 1737 at Kiistrin, died circ. 1750. By him is a medallion in
ivory commemorating the foundation of the Tower of the French
Church at Berlin, also a Portrait-medal of Duke Leopold of
Brunswick, &c.

KORN, FERDINAND (Germ.}. Medallist and Coin-engraver of the
second half of the nineteenth century. He was born at Mayence,
circa 1825-1830; worked as Engraver at the Diisseldorf Mint, then
at Mayence, previous to 1855 ; nominated Chief-engraver at Berne,
by the Swiss Federal Council, on the i6 th of March 1855 ; Direc-
tor of the Swiss Federal Mint, i. April 1858 to i. April 1859;
Mint-master and Chief-engraver at Wiesbaden, and Medallist to the
Government of the Duchy of Nassau, 1859-1866.




Swiss 2 Franc piece, 1860, by F. Korn.

During his short stay in Switzerland Korn engraved the follow-
ing coins and medals : One and Two Franc pieces, 1860 and




Thaler of Adolph, Duke of Nassau, 1864, by Korn.

1 86 1 (type slightly altered from that by Antoine Bovy, who drew
the attention of the Federal Council to the fact that his dies had
been used by Korn, with the addition of KORN in the exergue of



20$

the obverse) ; Thaler of the Federal Rifle Meeting at Berne,
1857; Thaler of the Rifle Meeting of Zurich, 1859 ; Commem-
orative Medal of the Third Swiss Industrial Exhibition at Berne,
1857; - Inauguration of the Federal Mint at Berne. I. Septem-
ber, i855(obv. illustrated}; - Jeton with the Engraver's name, &c.
Amongst his German productions, I have come across the




The rare Thaler of 1861.

following : Ludwig III., Grand Duke of Hesse, Double Thaler,
1854 (signed : KORN, and struck at Mayence) ; Adolph, Duke of
Nassau, Half Gulden, 1860, with edge milled after the Swiss
fashion; - Thaler, 1861, on the Duke's visit to the Wiesbaden
Mint (only 3 struck; one specimen sold at Frankfort-on-Main, April,
1900, for 400 Marks (illustrated}; Thalers, 1863, 1864




Inauguration of the Swiss Federal Mint at Berne, 1855.

(illustrated}; - - Civil Medal of Merit, 1865; - - Nassau Lite
Saving Medal; - 25 th Anniversary of the Reign of Duke Adolph,
1864; Prize Medal of the Agricultural Society, - - Portrait-
medal of Napoleon III. tyL. GOTT SCHUTZE KAISER UNO
REICH (size of Double Thaler and struck at Frankfort on M.); -



2O6

Baron D r Julius von Liebig of Giessen; Medal for Civil Merit with
portrait of Duke Adolph of Nassau ; Nassau Art and Industrial
Exhibition at Wiesbaden, 1863; " Giinsburger " Medal, 1866, etc.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. Arnold Robert, Les Tirs fede'raux delaSuisse et Icur nuniisiiiii-
tiqne officielle, 1891. W. Tobler-Meyer, Die Miin^- und Medailltn-Sammlnng des
Herrn Hans Wwiderly-v. Mttralt in Zurich, Zurich, 1898. Julius Isenbeck, Das
Nassauische MibMaesm, Wiesbaden, 1879. Reginald Stuart Poole, Swiss Coins
at the South Kensington Museum. Joseph u. Fellner, op. cit.

KORNER. Vide KOERNER supra.

KORNMANN, JOHANN, J. ; also CORMANO, GIOVANNI JACOBO (Germ.'}.
Goldsmith, Wax-modeller, and Medallist of Augsburg, of the




Medal of Filippo Pirovani, by J. Kornmann. (obv.)

seventeenth century, who worked at Venice and Rome, during the
latter part of his life, for several Cardinals, and Popes Urban VIII.
and Innocent X., 1630-1650. We read the following notice of the
artist in Bolzenthal : "A much greater celebrity is attached to the
name of Johann Kornmann on whom Nature had liberally bestow-
ed her favours. He was born at Augsburg, but inspired with a



20 7

noble enthusiasm he went to Italy. He first lived at Venice,
then in Rome, and gained in both places as much esteem as for-
tune, by his excellent works in gold, silver and copper. He was
originally a goldsmith, and applying himself to die-engraving, he
executed some very clever medals and for the age some very extra-
ordinary. He executed some medals in Rome for Pope Innocent X.,
one of which refers to the Jubilee ot 1650. This and the portrait of
M. Antonio Marta(-j- 1630) with the artist's name in Italian COR-
MANO, indicate the probable time of his residence in Italy and
speak for the artist's talent, as do also the portraits of John. Henisch ;
Cardinal Widmann ; - - Filippo Pirovani (illustrated) ; and




Medal of Filippo Pirovani, by J. Kornmann. (!},)

Franc. M. Brancaccio ; it was his misfortune to fall into the hands
of the Inquisition at Rome, and thus to be deprived of his goods
and liberty. "

On a medal of Paul Jordan II., Duke ofBracciano, the signature
is I.I.C.F., and on the accession Medal of Pope Innocent X., it is
OPVS CORMANI.



2o8

Sainthill (OUa Podrida, II, p. 341) describes three medals of
Paul Jordan II., and remarks : " Cormani's style of engraving is
one of extreme and minute delicacy in finish. You might suppose
that he works with a diamond pencil. His busts of Innocent X.
convey rather the idea of a highly finished dark gem than a bronze
medal; the kind of hard sparkling surface of a stone, than any
medallic effect I know of nothing like them."

His signature occurs also on the obv. of a medal of D r Johann
Henis, of Augsburg, but his best known medal is that commemorating
Innocent X.'s jubilee, 1650, which is signed CORMANVS, F. ; also
on a medal of Henri de Foix, due de Candalle, signed according to
Rondot et De La Tour I.I.KOREMANO.F. (?) ; Paul Jordan II., of
Bracciano, 1635 ; Flavius, Duke of Bracciano, 1672, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. tit. Sainthill, Olla Podrida, II, p. 340.
Thomsen Catalogue of Medals. Cahn, op. cit.

KORS, VON DER(Gm.). Mint-master at Weilburg, Nassau, 1749-
1754. He engraved coins for Charles Augustus, Prince of Nassau-
Weilburg (1737-1753). A Thaler (Mehlbacher Mining Thaler) and
Gulden of 1752 bear on truncation ot bust : V.D.K. ; and a Thaler of
same date, with slightly different obv. but similar }$L. has the
monogram Jy^ beneath bust. Ammon remarks that Van der Kors
is the author of the Medal of the Heidelberg wine cask of 1746.

KOSBERG, ANDREAS (Germ.}. Mint-master at St. Petersburg,
under Catherine the Great, 1789-1795. His initials occur on some
coins issued by him.

KOSIN, NICOLAUS (Russ). Mint-engraver, and Medallist at
St. Petersburg, circa 1850; he died in 1867. His productions are
usually signed : H. K. Iversen states that Kosin was educated at the
Technical Mining School of the St. Petersburg Technological
Institute, and was appointed Medallist to the St. Petersburg Mint
at the end of the forties. In 1855 he became an Academician.
A medal on the Transfer of the University to the Building of the
twelve Colleges, at St. Petersburg, 1838, is signed : H. Koamn, K.
[ have also seen a Portrait-medal of Nicholas I, 1856, by him.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Iversen, Medaillen anfdie Tbaten Peters des Grossen, 1872.
Schlickeysen-Pallmann, op. cit.

KOUNITZKY, FRANZ (Austr.). Contemporary Sculptor and
Medallist, residing at Vienna. He is a talented young artist, who
has produced already some excellent work, especially Portraits of
Musicians, &c.

By this Medallist are : Portrait-plaquettes (cast) of Verdi (1902);
Richard Wagner (1901) (2 var.); D r Joachim, 1902; -



* .209

Albert Lortzing (1902); Portrait-plaquette, obv. Bust of Verdi
tyi. Bust of Mascagni, 1902; - Rossini, 1902; - Leoncavallo,
1902; Th. Mommsen, at the age of 85, 1902 (illustrated) ; -
Udel; Tolstoy; - - Charpentier; - Ibsen; - - Fraulein v.
Wrangel; - - Schmedes; Sarah Bernhardt; Bellini;




Portrait-plaquette of Th. Mommsen, by Kounitzky.

Rossini ; Zumpe; - Eleonora Duse; Franzi; Schumann ;
- Kubelik ; Wolff; d'Anunxio ; Hauptmann ; Charpen-
tier; Portrait-plaquette, obv. Robert Schumann fyL Klara Schu-
mann ; Leo Tolstoy ; Brahms ; A. Girardi ; H. Niese, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Dompierre de Chaufepie, Me'dailles et Plaquettes modernes,
II. Mittbeilunfett dcs Klubs der Mini - initi Meiiaillcnfreitnde, 1901-2.

KOSTKA VON POSTUPIC, BOHUS (Austr.). Mint-master to the
Chapter of SS. Peter and Paul am Wyschehrad, 1499-1505.

L. FORRER. Biographical Notices of Mtdal lists. III. 14



KOSTKA VON POSTUPIC, WILHELM (Austr.). Mint-master to the
Chapter of SS. Peter and Paul am Wyschehrad, 1512-1513, 1514,
1515-1518, and 1518-1521.

KODNRAD (Germ.}. Moneyer and Coin-engraver of the tenth
century, whose name KOVNRAD ME FECIT occurs on German brac-
teates, mentioned by Dannenberg (Zeitschrift fur Numismatik,
1886, p. 239).

KOWALSKI (Pol.). Medallist of the nineteenth century, who
struck a series of medals of Polish Kings (Schorn's Kunstbldtter,
1840).

KOWARZIK, JOSEF (Germ.). Contemporary Sculptor, and Medallist,
residing at Frankfort-on-Main ; learned medal-engraving under




i5O tl] Anniversary of the Birth ot Goethe, 1899.

Professors Tautenhayn and St. Schwartz, and at the Vienna
Academy of Decorative Arts. He is the author of the following
medals and plaquettes : Plaquette on the I5o th Anniversary of the
birth of Goethe, 1899 (illustrated); - Leopold Sonnemann,
Portrait-medal, 1901; Allegorical Medal; Clara Monneron ;
- Eugenie and Johanna von Rath; - 6o th Anniversary and



Jubilee of the Frankfort sculptor Hans Thoma; 75 th Anniversary
of Prof. Julius Stockhausen, 1901 ; Adolph Menzel, painter;
Friedrich Stoltze, 1891 (tyL by one of Kowarzick's pupils);




Hermann, Lizzie and Thea, by Kowarzik.

- M. & M me Rothhan fy.. their three children (ty.. illustra-
ted); Nursing Exhibition at Frankfort-on-M. ; 25 th Anni-
versary of the Voluntary Fire-Brigade of Frankfort-on-M. ;



I




Prof. Theodore Mommsen.



Wilhelm and Elisabeth ; Dori, bust of a young peasant girl ;
The Walkyrie ; Golden Wedding of D r Ernst Passavant and



^ 212 ^

his wife Louise ; Exhibition of Means for preventing Accidents
(Unfallschutz) at Frankfort-on-Main, 1900 ; August Weismann ;
Theodore Mommsen (illustrated) ; Inauguration of the new
Town Hall at Frankfort-on-Main, 1 903 ; Silver Wedding of D r phil.
Dietrich Cunze, 1898; - The Oppenheim family, 1898; -
Betrothal of Else von Guaita with Walter Lampe, 1895 ; Medal
of the Venetian Exhibition, 1904; Paul Ehrlich, Director of the
Institute of Experimental Therapeutics at Frankfort-on-Main, 1904;
- D r Eugen Lucius Medal ; - - Max von Guaita, president of the
Frankfort Chamber of commerce; Prof. Carl Weigert, anatomist
and director of the Pathological Institute, &c.

" Zu den hervorragendsten Erscheinungen unter den deutschen
Medailleurenzahlt deran dem StaedelschenKunstinstitutin Frankfurt
a. M. als Lehrer thatige Plastiker Professor Joseph Ko\\\irzik : Die
Wiener Kunstgewerbeschule, spater die Akademie der bildenden
Kiinste in Wien (Schule Helmer) waren die Statten, an welchen
sich der Genius des Kiinstlers entwickelte, seine Meisterschaft liegt
gegenwiirtig noch vorwiegend in den Portraitseiten seiner Medaillen,
von welchen einzelne zu dem Besten zahlen, was deutsche Medail-
leurkunst in letzter Zeit geschaffen ; doch auch in den Reversen,
deren Zeichnung mitunter nicht einwandsfrei ist, bekundet sich
ein starkes, eigenartiges Talent, dessen Anregungen in die Zeit des
xv. und xvi. Jahrhunderts zurikkfuhren " (Moderne Medailk, 1900,

P-7)-

" Josef Kowarzik", says a writer in Studio, XXXI, 83 "is a
refined and resourceful sculptor of the first rank".

KOZEL VON RIESENTHAL, SIEGMUND (Bol)em.~). Joint Mint-master
to the Chapter of SS. Peter and Paul am Wyschehrad, 1619-1620.

K. R. or K. N. R. Vide KNOLL (Warden) and RIEDENER (Mint-
master), at Nuremberg, 1777-1793.

KR. Vide CHRISTIAN JOSEPH KRUGER JUNIOR. Mint-engraver and
Medallist at Dresden, 1785-1814.

KRABICE VON WEITMILE, BENES (Bohem.). Mint-master to the
Chapter of SS. Paul and Peter am Wyschehrad, 1471-1496.

KRAENDEL, WENZEL (Austr.). Mint-engraver at Hall in Tyrol,
1484-1496, " Eysengreber der grossen Groschen. " He cut the dies
of the well-known Tyrolian Thaler, the so-called " Grosser Gros-
chen", dated 1486, which shows on obv. the Duke Sigismund



2I 3

standing full face (illustrated). The dies of this coin are preserved
at the Vienna Mint.




Thaler of Tyrol, 1486, by Wenzel Kraendel.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Katalog der K. K. Munyn-und Medaillen Steinpd Siininilung
in Wien, 1902.

KRAFFT. HANS (Germ.'}. Goldsmith of Nuremberg, early part ot
the sixteenth century; died in 1523 (?) Ehrenberg, Nachrjchten iiler
Niirnberger Miin^-und Medaillen-Pragiingcn im Auftrage Friedrichs
des Weisen von Sachsen, 1889, has been able to identify him as the
Engraver of the coins of Frederick the Wise of Saxony (from circa
1510), from designs by the " Meister Lux", also named " Maler
Moller", probably Lucas Cranach.

Hans Krafft succeeded Hans Krug the Elder as Mint-engraver at
Nuremberg in 1509 and worked in that capacity until 1513, when
Hans Krug the Younger was appointed to the office. On the
latter's death in 1518, Hans Krafft was once more employed,
until 1523.




Thaler of Frederick III. the Wise, by Hans Krafft.

In a document quoted by Schuchardt in Lucas Cranacb des Aelter-
en Lebcn und W'vrktn (Leipzig, 1851-71), Krafft is described as an



214

old slow man (alt lanksam Man}, for which cause he may probably
have been replaced at the Mint in 1513 by Hans Krug Junior.

Hans Krafft may be the Engraver of the coins and medals repre-
sented in Tentzel i. PI. 2, in, iv ; 3, rv-vn ; 4, i and in and similar
pieces; it is certain that he cut the dies of the Guldengroschen





.

Schreckenberger of Frederick III.

of MDXXII and Schreckenberger (f Thaler) of same date, bearing
on obv. the Bust of the Prince Elector to r. wearing cap, and
on !.*** VERBVM * DOMINI * MANET * IN* AETERNVM.
Cross, etc. .

KRAFFT, GOTTFRIED (Germ.). Gem-engraver of Danzig, second
half of the eighteenth century. He was one of the cleverest pupils
of Natter, and known at Rome as // Tedesco, where he attained
some notoriety. "He is certainly an Engraver of merit," says
Raspe, "and his manner can scarcely be distinguished fromPichler's."
By him is a fine cameo with head of Augustus.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Babelon, Pierres grave'es, 1894.

KRAFFT, JOHANN MARTIN (Austr.}. Medallist, and Assistant Mint-
engraver at Vienna, circa 1756-1769; then Chief-engraver at the
Mint of Milan, 1770-1777; and later at Munich, where he died
in 1781, at the age of 43.

His signature occurs on the following medals : Victory of Count
Daun against the Prussians near Kolin, 18. June 1757 (engraved in
conjunction with A. Wideman); - Coronation of the Archduke
Joseph at Frankfort-on-M., 3. April 1764 (signed : KRAFFT. F.) ; -
Recovery of the Empress Maria Theresia from smallpox, 1767
(obv. signed : M. KRAFFT F. (illustrated} ; The Emperor Joseph II.
visits Italy, 1769; Prize Medal, with bust of Maria Theresia,
for services in textile industries in Lombardy, 1769; Visit of
King Frederick II. of Prussia to Neustadt in Moravia, 1770;
Amelioration of the old Customs Laws in Mantua ($.. only) ; -
The new Penitentiary at Milan, 1770; Commercial Unity in
the German and Italo-Austrian States, 1770; The new Orphan
Houses at Milan and Mantua, 1770; The University of Pavia,



215

177; The Archduke Ferdinand as Governor of Lombardy, 1771 ;
Wax model of Prince Alberico XII. di Belgioioso, { 1813 ; -
Completion of the University Buildings at Pavia, 1772 ; Journey
of the Emperor Joseph II. to Transsylvania, 1773 (2 var.) ; The
Occupation of the three Principalities of Castiglione, Medula and
Solferino, and their integration into the Duchy of Mantua, 1773 ;





Recovery of the Empress Maria Theresia, by M. Krafft.

- Occupation of Galicia and Lodomeria, 1773 ; Jeton of 1773,
on the same event ; - - Gynecological Academies instituted at
Milan and Mantua, 1774; - Birth of the first Child of the Arch-
duke Ferdinand and Maria Beatrix, 1775 ; Another variety; -
Botanic Gardens of Milan and Pavia, 1775; Building of the



2l6

Adda-Como Canal, 1777; - - Prize Medal for the Promotion of
Agriculture and Industry in Lombardy, 1777; The Observatory
at Milan, 1779; - - Prince Wenzel von Kaunitz-Ritberg, Chan-
cellor of State, 1711-1794 (1773); Christoph, Cardinal
A. Migazzi, 1772 ; Metastasio, Poet ; Election of Hieronymus,
Count von Colloredo, as Archbishop of Salzburg, 1772 ; Medal
of the Paris Academy; and over two hundred Portraits in wax of
celebrated Persons ; - - Obstetric School of Milan and Mantua,
1774, etc.

Bolzenthal observes that Krafft established his fame as one of the
first engravers of his time. He was the son of a Goldsmith, and
worked in Germany, France and Italy.

Martin Krafft's signature occurs in the following forms : K. F. ; -
K; M. KRAFFT; M. KRAFFT F.; KRAFFT F., etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Domanig, Portratmedaillen des Er^hauses Oesterreicb, Wien,
1896. Katalog der Munqen-und Medaillen-Stetiipel-Saiumlung des K. K. Haupt-
mun^amtes in Wien, 1901. Thomson Catalogue. Edouard Fiala, Beschreibung
der Sammlung Bohmiscber Miin^en und Medaillen des Max Donebauer, Prag, 1888.
Bolzenthal, op. cit. Ammon, op. cit. Joseph u. Fellner, op. cit.

KRAFFT, MARTIN (Anstr.} Medallist, and Mint-engraver at
Vienna, Munich and Milan, during the second and third quarters
of the eighteenth century; born in 1738 ; died at Munich in 1781.
He is mentioned as student at the Vienna Mint School of Engraving
(Graveurkunstscholar), 1771-1775 ; Assistant-engraver at the Mint,
after 1775. About this time, offers were made to the Engraver of
a post at the Brussels mint, which he declined. He engraved,
amongst others, a Portrait-medal of Hieronymus, Archbishop of
Salzburg, 1772. Vide JOHANN MARTIN KRAFFT supra.

KRAKAU, DANIEL (Germ.}. Son of Michael Krakau, employed at
the Mint of Breslau. He invented a Coining-press, which was cast
at Kremnitz and first put into use at Breslau in 1717. There is a
medal by P. H. Muller, 1717, representing Krakau's machine.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg, SMesiens nenere Mun^gesckichte.



Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 16 of 49)