L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

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Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 17 of 49)
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KRAKAU, MICHAEL (Germ.} of Danzig, received an appointment
at the Mint of Brieg in Silesia in 1650 and was still in office in 1705,
working at the same time for other mints.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg, op. cit.

KRAHE, CHRISTOPH JACOB (Austr.}. Mint Bailiff at Kuttenberg ;
died on the 19 th of April, 1702.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. C. Oesterreicher, loc. cit.

KRAKOWSKY, PHIL1PP, Count KOLOWRAT (Austr.}. Mint-master
general in Bohemia, 1732-1748.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Fiala, Sammlung bdbmischer Mun^en, etc.



KRALL, ENGELHARD JOHANN (Germ.). Interim Mint-master at
Frankfort-on-M., 1742, then Mint-master at Brunswick. A Ducat
of Frankfort, 1/42, bears his initials E. I. K. In conjunction with
Christian Lebrecht Schild, Krall issued Coronation coins of
Charles VII., in gold and silver. Previous to 1742, Krall appears to
have held office as Mint-master to Count Christian Ernest of
Stolberg.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Paul Joseph u. Ed. Fellncr, Die Mun^en von Fnankfurt-a-M.,
1896.

KRALLOWITZ (KRALLWITZ, KRALOWSKY), FERDINAND (Germ.).
Seal-engraver at Breslau, mentioned in 1649 and 1650.

KRALLOWITZ, HANS GEORG (Germ.). Seal-engraver at Breslau,
1652 7 1674 at the age of 63.

KRAMER, BERNARD (Dutch). Mint-master at Campen, 1717-1721.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg, op. cit.

KRAMER, COENRAAD HENDRIK (Dutch). Mint-master at Medem-
blik, 1711-1714, lateral Campen, 1731-1754 (?)

KRAMER, HANS (Germ.). Mint-engraver at Breslau, 1627.

KRAMER, IGNATZ (Bofxm.). Mint-master at Prague, 1746-1747,
under the reign of Maria Theresia. Previously, he had filled the
office of Mint-warden, 1730-1734, then Mint-master, 1734-1740,
at Breslau. He was raised to the nobility as " Edler von Munzburg",
and was Mint-director at Kremnitz when he died.

KRAMER, JOHANN GEORG (Germ.). Mint-warden at Ratisbon,
1700.

KRAMER, KARL (Germ.). Die-sinker of Cologne (?), whose
medals belong to the second quarter of the nineteenth century.
One of these commemorates the Carnival at Cologne, 1838,
and another, with portrait of Gutenberg, the fourth centenary of
the Invention of the Printing Press.

KRAMER, WOLF (Germ.). Goldsmith of Worms, and in conjunc-
tion with Hans Kock, Mint-warden to the Landgrave William of
Hesse and the Counts Albert and John Louis of Nassau, during the
latter end of the sixteenth century.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Isenbeck, Das Nassauische Miin^uvsen, 1899.

KRAPP or KRAPPE. HANS (Germ.). A burgher of Breslau;
contracted to work the Royal Mint of Breslau, 1540-1541 ; appointed



2l8

on Nov. 13, 1545, by the Prince-Elector Joachim of Brandenburg
Mint-master-general throughout his dominions.

By a resolution dated Prague, i. Feb. 1540, King Ferdinand
ordered Krapp to pay, instead of his yearly due of 900 Gulden, a
Royalty of 10 Kreutzer or 5 Silesian Groschen on each Mark of
silver coined by him.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg, op. cit. Oesterreicher, op. cit.

KRAUER, FRANZ KARL (Swiss). Mint-master at Lucerne, 1724-
1737, and again in 1744. Son of Wilhelm Krauer; born in 1691.
In 1724 he was appointed Mint-master for Nidwald (Untervald) in
succession to his brother-in-law Gebhard Dub ; in 1729 the Lucerne
Council obliged him to resign his post as Mint-master in Obvvald.
Between 1738 and 1745, he acted as Mint-master at Appenzell. He
died at Tegerschen in 1745.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Dr Th. von Liebenau, Die Mun^meister von Lu^ern, 1890.

KRAUER, HANS JORG (Swiss). Goldsmith, Seal-engraver, and
Painter of Lucerne. He filled the office of Mint-master there between
1673 and 1677, and again from 1682 to 1694. On 12. Sept. 1677,
he was granted a leave of absence to superintend the Mint at Sion
for the Bishop Adrian V. von Riedmatten, in whose service he
remained until 1682. From 1692-1693, H. J. Krauer acted as
Mint-master at Zug. In 1702 he was still living.

KRAUER, WILHELM (Swiss). Son of Hans Jorg Krauer ; born
in 1 66 1 ; died in 1718. He first worked as a Goldsmith, but later
practised also Die-cutting. In 1707 he was appointed Mint-master
at Sion, where the famous J. C. Hedlinger was apprenticed to
him; in 1710 he returned to Lucerne, and was appointed Mint-
master there on the 31. March 1713 for a period of three years.
After many difficulties with the Town Council, his resignation
was accepted, and he was free to take the post that was offered to
him as Mint-master at Montbeliard, acting at the same time for the
Bishop of Basle, Johann Konrad von Reinach, at his Mint of Por-
rentruy.

Fussli remarks : " Selbst Joh. Karl Hedlinger's Lehrer Krauer
war wohl nichts wenigerals Kunstler. Vielleicht verstund er nichts
als das Geprage gewohnlicher Miinzen, nichts aber von Zeichnung,
von Schneiden kunstlicher Schaumunzen und dergleichen. "

The coins minted at Sion previous to 1710 are heavy and badly
cut; those of 1710 which were engraved by Hedlinger are already
of a totally different character, notwithstanding that the young artist
was not yet twenty years old.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Liebenau, op. cit. Amberg, Der Medailleur Jobann Karl
Hedlinger, Einsiedeln, 1887. Fusslin, Geschichte der besten Kiimller in
III, p. 76.



219

KRAUMANN, ALEXANDER (Germ.}. Contemporary Sculptor, born
at Budapest in 1870, lately residing at Frankfort-on-M., now at
Dresden. The only medallic productions I have noticed by him are
a commemorative plaquette, struck at Mayer cvWilhelm's works at
Stuttgart, of the Third Centenary of the Salzbrunn Spa (Silesia),
1901 ; - - Gold Medal for the Venice Fine Art Exhibition, 1903
(reproduced in The Studio, Feb. 1905, p. 78, and described as
" rather full of detail on the obverse, and cleverly reminiscent of
Venice's one-time Byzantine glory"); Plaquette, with standing
nude figure playing on the harp, and others.

" This artist's plaquettes are exemplary in their distribution ot
light and shade, and the modelling is in an admirable, large spirit,
though in single parts the proportions may not be quite beyond
criticism". (Studio, 1905, p. 78).





Third Centenary of the Upper Wells at Salzbrunn.

KRAUS, KLAUS (Bobem.'). Mint-master at Joachimsthal, 1531-37.
He was appointed in March, 1535, in succession to Ulrich Gebhard.
He was a Saxon by origin. For malversation in his office, he suffered
imprisonment, from March 1535 to 25. May 1537, when he was
released by King Ferdinand's order, but his subsequent history is
not known. His mint-mark is a ruff. Hans Weizelmann succeeded
him at Joachimsthal.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. E. Fiala, Klaus Kraus, Mun^meister von Joachimstbal , 1898.
Do, Das Mun^u'esen der Grajen Scblick, Num. Zeit., 1890, p. 205.



220

KRADS, HANS (Germ.'}. Moneyer at Teschen, 1613.

KRAUSE, ADAM (Germ.}. Mint-master at Reichenstein, f 1605.

KRAUSE, BALTHAZAR (Germ.}. Mint-master to the Princes and
States of Silesia, 1623.

KRAUSS, CH. (Austr.}. Editor of medals of Budapest, who publish-
ed various medals, amongst which I have noticed : The Jews
granted right of possession, 1860 ; 4O th Anniversary of the Emperor
Francis Joseph's Reign, 1888; - The Emperor's Jubilee, 1898, &c.

KRAUSS, HANNS (Germ.}. Mint-engraver at Nuremberg, 1572-
1575-
KRAWER. Vide KRAUER supra.

KRAUWINCKEL, DAMIAN (Germ.}. Nuremberg Counter-manufac-
turer of the end of the sixteenth century, from circa 1566. His
name DOMIANVS KRAU WING ; - - DAMIANVS KRAVWINCKEL, &c.,
occurs on counters described by Neumann, Kupfer-Mun^en, Vol. V,
n os 32183-89. Damian and Egidius Krauwinckel were no doubt
related to Hans Krauwinckel and seem to have preceded him by a
few years.

KRAUWINCKEL, EGIDIUS (Germ.}. Nuremberg Counter-manufac-
turer of the end of the sixteenth century; the date M.D.LXXI
occurs on one of his counters, which are usually bearing his name
spelt in various forms : EGIDIVS * KR; EGIDIVS KRA. ; EGIDIVS
KRAVWINCKEL ; EGIDI KRAVWINCKELL; EGIDII KRAVV; E.K.;
- E. KRAVWINCKEL NVR. Neumann describes twelve varieties of
counters by Egidius Krauwinckel, most of them from the late
D r Freudenthal's collection.

KRAUWINCKEL, HANS (Germ.}. One of the best known Nurem-
berg Counter-manufacturers of the end of the sixteenth and begin-
ning of the seventeenth centuries. His name occurs in various forms
on his issues : HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVR ; HANNSKRA V
WINCKEL IN- NVRENB ; - - HANNS. KRAVWINCKEL IN NV; -
HANNS-KRAVWINCKEL BIN ICH BEKONT, &c.; HANS KRAVWINC-
KEL NVRENBER ; H. K. ; H. KRAVWI ; H. KRAV ; - - HK, &c.

Neumann describes no less than ninety-two varieties of Counters
by this maker (Vol. V, n os 32222-32314); some are dated 1588,
1589, 1601, 1605, 1610, 1611, &c.

^ Hans Krauwinckel's counters bear legends in Latin, German,
French, failing sometimes in orthography, now religious in their
meaning, now profane, as : GOTTES SEGEN MACHT REICH
GOTTES GABEN SOLLMAN LOBEN HEVT RODT MOR-
GENTODT.They represent all sorts of subjects, Alexander the Great,



with the inscription : ALEXANDER HANG (!) 1601; Fame;
Fortuna Variabilis (!); Adam and Eve I$L. Christ on the Cross;
David and Jonathan ; Joab and Amasa ; Hainan and Mordecai ;
Judith; Saul and Samuel; Samuel and David ; the Beast in Reve-
lation; Jupiter and Ganymede; Jupiter and Europa fyL Pallas, Juno,
and Venus ; Pluto with Cerberus ; Neptune, Hercules, and Pallas ;
Mars and Venus; Apollo and Diana, Meleager and Ataianta;
Perseus; Caphalus and Procris ; Pyramus and Thisbe; Honos et
Virtus; Hannibal; Scipio Africanus; Romulus and Remus; Curtius
leaping into the fiery lake ; Popilius, the Roman legate, drawing a
circle round Antiochus IV. of Syria; Charles V., of Germany ;
Arms of Constantinople, with Portrait of Sultan; Henry IV. of
France, on horseback, 1606; Henry IV. and Marie de Medici, with
View of Rheims; Bust ot Vespasian I IVD^A CAPTA S.C., but
the most common type is the Imperial orb within tressure, or Floral
decorations. The execution of most of these pieces is superior to
the generality of Nuremberg counters, and accounts for their great
success and vogue, which made them sought after even in this




Nuremberg Counter, by Hans Krauwinckel.

country, where they were often circulated as money to supply the
dearth of small currency, or used as blanks over which Tradesmen's
Tokens were struck.

The " Counters" or "jetons" were originated in France in the
thirteenth century and were commonly used in that country,
Germany, the Netherlands, and in England, from about the time
of Henry VIII. , for the purpose of reckoning. Snelling gives an
interesting account of the manner in which counters were used, vi%-
by laying them on lines, increasing in their value from the bottom,
which is a line of Units; the second, or next above it, is a line of
Tens; the third a line of Hundreds, the fourth of Thousands, and
so on. A counter laid on the first line is only i, being laid on the
second line it is 10, on the third it is a 100, on the fourth it is a
1000, on the fifth it is 10000, &c. A counter laid in the space
between the first and second line is 5 ; between the second and
third it is 50; between the third and fourth it is 500; and so on;



being in all cases equal to five of those which lay on the line under
it, and half of one of those on the line over it. By this contrivance,
less room is required to perform the operations in, and they are done
by half the number; that is, four counters on each line, and one
above it, are sufficient, instead of nine, which would otherwise
have been wanted on each line ". He then goes onto describe how
additions and subtractions were made.

In the Netherlands and Austria, historical counters were given as
" Etrennes" every New year ; in France, the Kings were accustomed
to present them to officers of their Household, and Public Bodies
in their turn to the Kings and Princes of the Blood.

One of Hans Krauwinckel's counters represents Queen Elizabeth
on horseback fyL Shield of France and England, and another, proba-
bly by him, bears on obv. a full blown heraldic rose with the
cipher of K H (Henry VIII. and Katharine ?) on }$L. Another bears
allusion on ]$L to the Massacre of the S l Bartholomew (Vide Num.
Chronicle, 1896, p. 272).

"The counters struck at Niirnberg became current for reckoning
in England about 1328, but were forbidden currency by statute in
1335. " (Boyne, Trade Tokens, I, preface xx).





Nuremberg Counter, by Hans Krauwinkel.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. R. Forrer, Niirnforger Recben-und Spielpjennige, Num. Circ.,
p. 159. Snelling, A View of the Origin, Nature, and Design of Jettons or Counters,
London, 1769.

KREBEL. Vide KNEBEL, MATHIEU suprd.

KREBS, F. (Austr.}. Die-sinker at Klagenfurt, by whom there is a
medal with portrait of Thomas Koschat, the Composer, 1895.

KREISSELMEYER, J. (Germ.}. Mint-engraver atEdenkoben, 1890.
KRELL (Germ.}. Mint-master at Saalfeld, 1835-6.

KREMER, JOSEPH (French}. Contemporary Sculptor, bornatTrom-
born (Moselle) ; pupil of A. Poitevin. He is the author of some
Portrait-medallions in clay and bronze ; two were exhibited at the
Salon of 1871, one representing the French Republic, and the other
being a Study.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chavignerie et Auvray, op. cit.



a 223 -

KRESS, ANTON (Germ.'). Assistant Mint-engraver at Nuremberg,
1504.

KRESS, GUSTAVUS (Germ.). Die-sinker, whose signature occurs
on a medal of Goethe, 1863.

KRETSCHMAR, HOWARD (Wwtv.). Die-sinker of Chicago (U.S .A .),
who cut amongst others a medal of Dr Moses Gunn, of Chicago
(Amer. J. N. 851).

KRIEG, JOHANN (Germ.). Mint-master at Stolberg, 1620-1660. His
issues usually bear his initials I. K. Schlickeysen suggests that he may
have engraved coins, signed I. K. for Eimbeck, 1629. In the Reim-
mann Sale there were a Thaler, 1645, Double Thaler, 1646, and
Quarter Thaler, 1649, of Johann Martin, Count of Stolberg, all
signed I. K.

KRIEGER, ALBRECHT (Germ.'). Mint-engraver and Medallist at
Leipzig, during the second half of the seventeenth century. His
signature A. B. K. occurs on medals of Duke Bernhard II. of Saxony,
one of them commemorating his 3 5 th Birthday, 1672, Duke Johann
Adolph of Weissenfels, and Reformation Medals, 1717, with portrait
of Luther, &c. The work on these, says Bolzenthal, " is of inferior
merit ".

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Th. Distel, Albrecht Kriegers Reforma-
tions Mcdaillen var. 17 ij, 1887.

KRIEGER, PAUL (Germ.). Goldsmith of Munich, 1615 ; Mint-
director there, 1620.

KRINOS, PETROS (Greek). Contemporary Sculptor, born at Syra
(Greece) ; pupil of Letourneau and Sochos; and author of various
Portrait-medallions, which were exhibited at the Paris Salon, since
1895.

KRISPIN, HIERONYMUS (Pol.). Royal Treasurer for Lithuania,
1664-1666. According to Nagler (Monogrammisten,HI,p. 447) his
initials H. K. P. L. (Hieronynms Krispin Podskarbi Litewski) occur on
coins of that period.

KRIZ, WENZEL (Bobem.). Medallist of Prague, who died in 1887.
By him are the following medals : Hynck J. Heger, stenographer,
1808-1854 5 JohnHuss, 5 th Centenary, 1868; Josef Jungmann,
linguist, 1773-1847; Ticket of the Karlsbad Library; Prize
Medal of the Agricultural Exhibition at Chrudim, 1881; Prize
Medal of the Agricultural Exhibition at Mistek, 1876; Prize
Medal of the Bohemian Industrial Society, 1872; Another, of
1876 ; Prize Medal of the Bohemian Agricultural Society, 1879;



^- 224

- Prize Medal for Apiculture; Arrival of American Czechs,
1885; Industrial Exhibition at Raudnitz, 1884; - Industrial
Exhibition at Tabor, 1886; Memorial Medal of the Emperor
Ferdinand I., on his death, 1875 ; Visit to Prague of the Emperor
Francis Joseph, 1874, &c.

KROH, JOHANN CHRISTOPH (Germ.}. Mining-Master and Superin-
tendent of the Mint at Kuttenberg, 1678-1702. His initials C. K.
occur on the coins issued during his tenure of office. Fiala's Cata-
logue of the Donebauer Collection describes forty-seven varieties of
coins with Kroh's mark, C X K > within ornamental panel, compris-
ing gold, silver, and copper currency.

KROHN, FREDERICK CHRISTOPHER (Dan.). Sculptor and Medallist,
born at Copenhagen, 4. August 1806; Pupil of the Copenhagen
Academy of Fine Arts, Dalou,Freund, and Brandt; Mint-engraver
there, from 1833 until 1863. or later. He is usually known as FRITZ
KROHN. His signature occurs as F. KROHN K. or F. K. By him are :
Jubilee of the University of Kiel, 1834; - Portrait-medallion ot
Frederick VI. of Denmark ty, AEQVITAS AVGVSTI, 1834; -
Industrial Exhibition at Copenhagen, 1836; - Herman Wessel,
poet, 1742-1835 ; - - Third Centenary of the Reformation, 1836;




Silver Wedding Medal of King Christian VIII., 1840.

- Memorial Medal of King Christian VIII. , 1848; Agricultural
Prize Medal, 1861; - Another, of 1863; Accession Medal of
Christian VIII., 1839 ; Silver Wedding Medal of Christian VIII.,
and Caroline Amalie, 1840. (fyL only; illustrated). The two last
medals were designed by the great sculptor Thorwaldsen ; Jubilee
of King Frederick VI., ; 4 th Centenary of the House of Oldenburg;

-Some Coin-dies for the currency of 'Christian VIII. ; Portrait-
medals of celebrated Personages ; Busts, &c.



22)

Bolzenthal makes the following comment on the artist :
"F. Krohn, born in 1806, has worked as a Medallist since 1833
and was before that a Sculptor, which we may perceive on his
medals. On his journey through Germany he went to Berlin, where
he studied die-sinking under Brandt. If we compare Krohn's earlier
works, such as the medal of the comic poet Hermann Wessel, with
his later ones, such as that on the Festivities in commemoration
of the acceptance of the Augsburger Confession of Faith, we notice
much progress ".

KROHNEMANN, *CHR. WILHELM, Baron von (Germ.). Alchemist
and Mint-director at Bayreuth, 1677-1686.

KROLL, ERNST DIETRICH (Germ.) of Durlach. Mint-master at
Weilburg, 1749-1750. His signature C; E.G., or EDC. occurs on
coins issued by him, of Charles Augustus, Count of Nassau-
Weilburg(i2, 4 and i Kreutzerpieces, 1749; AT Ducat and Gulden,
1750).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Isenbeck, op. cit.

KRONCKE, MARTIN (Germ.). Director of the Mint at Breslau, from
February 1752 until 1764; afterwards, Director-general of the
Silesian Coinage ;f 1770.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg,'o/>. cit.

KRONIOS (Greek). One of the few names of ancient Gem-engravers
whom Pliny has left on record. King, Handbook drc., p. 266, gives
three gems, all of which are modern, bearing that signature : Terp-
sichore, standing, and resting her lyre on a cippus : suspected by
Bracci to be the work of Sirletti ; Jupiter caressing his eagle :
cameo (old Poniatowski Coll") ; Perseus with the head of Medusa
KPflNlOY : sard (Devonshire). Known to be modern.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Furtwangler, Getnmen mil Kunstlerinschriften, 1889.

KRONVEST or KRONNEST, BERNHARD (Austr.). Mint-master at
Vienna, 1332 (?)

KROPF, FRANZ LEOPOLD (Austr.). Mint-master at Weissenburg
(Alba Julia-Carlsburg), circa 1713.

KROPF, -JOHANN ERNEST (Austr.). Mint-master at Hermannstadt,
appointed on 20. June 1709.

KROPF, LEOPOLD WILHELM (Austr.). Mint-master at Nagy-Banya.
5. January 1703 to 1713.

KRUCKENBERGER, GEORG (Germ.). Mint-master at Cassel, 1637-
1640, Hoxter, 1646, and Hildesheim, 1660-1661. 1 have noticed his

L. FORRER. Biographical Notice! of Medallists. III. S



226

signature GVK on Thalers and Half Thalers, 1637, of William V.,
Landgrave of Hesse- Cassel.



KRUEGER (Germ.}. Gold worker and Engraver of Berlin, first halt
of the eighteenth century. He engraved false Thalers of Neuchatel,
1714 and 1715, which bear his initial K under King's bust ; also
false Thalers of Berlin, dated 1730 and 1731. Fide Von Schrotter,
Die Miln^prdgung in Neuenburg &c., 1900.

KRUEGER, ALBRECHT (Germ.). Medallist of Leipzig, early part of
the eighteenth century. I have not met with any medal by this
Engraver.

KRUEGER, ARTHUR (Germ.). Medallist residing at Berlin, and
Director, since 1895, of the "Berlin MedallicMintof L. Ostermann,
formerly G. Loos". By him is a Jubilee Plaquette of the Loos Die-
sinking establishment, 1901, signed A. KRUGER FEC. ; also Medals :
First Communion ; Official medal of the Inauguration of the
Berlin cathedral, 1905. This last medal has on obv. a bust of
William II. and on tyL. a view of the cathedral.

KRUEGER, CHRISTIAN JOSEPH (Germ.). Mint-engraver and Medal-
list at Dresden ; son of EPHRAIM BENJAMIN K. and younger brother
of FRIEDRICH HEINRICH K. ; born at Dresden in 1759, and died
there on the 4 th of February 1814. He studied drawing and sculp-
ture at the Academy of Dresden, under the direction of Hutin and
Knofler. After eight years' studies, he undertook journeys through
Livonia and Russia, and worked at various places, giving his spec-
ial attention to Portrait-medallions in wax, busts and terra-cottas.
At St. Petersburg he first began medal-engraving, to which art he
later on devoted himself entirely. He was employed in Prussia,
and called back to Dresden in 1790, as second Engraver to the
Mint.

Amongst his best known medals are ; Conclusion of the Treaty
of Pilnitz, 1791 (signed : C. I. KRUGER IUN.); - - Mayen captured
from the French by the Prussians, 1793 (signed : C. I. KRUGER F.) ;

- Peace of Tilsit, 1807, fy. IM GENUSS WOHLTHATIGER
RUHE; The new Century, 1800; Georg Joachim Zolliko-
fer, theologian of Leipzig, f 1788; Reinhard, Saxon theolo-
gian; Jubilee of Franz Georg Lock, Bishop of Bautzen, 1801;
- D r E. Jenner, Peace of Luneville, 1801 (2 var.); The Elector-
ate of Saxony erected into a Kingdom, 1806 ; Napoleon at
Dresden, 1807.

By him are also : Crucifix in ivory; - - Venus and Amor
(after Knofler) ; Charon (after Hutin), &c. in terra cotta.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Edwards, The Napoleon Medals. -
Hennin, Histoire numistnatiquede la Revolution franfaise. Tobler-Meyer, Wunderly-



227

v. Muralt Catalogue. Reimmann Catalogue. Muller and Singer, Algemeines
Kunstkr-Lexicon, 1896.

KRUEGER,EPHRAIM BENJAMIN (Germ.}. Engraver on amber of
Dresden, eighteenth century, father of Christian Joseph, and Frie-
drich Heinrich Krueger.

KRUEGER, EMIL (Germ.}. Director of the " Berlin Medal Mint of
L. Ostermann, formerly G. Loos", from 1871 to 1893. He succeed-
ed L. Ostermann, and was himself a clever artist. For some of his
productions, cfr. GOTTFRIED BERNHARD LOOS, infrd.

KRUEGER, FRIEDRICH HEINRICH (Germ.}. Mint-engraver, and
Medallist at Dresden ; born in 1749 ; died in 1805 (?) He studied the
fine arts at the schools of his native city, and received tuition in med-
al engraving from the celebrated medallist, Wermuth. He then went
to Denmark, and as a pupil of the Academy of Copenhagen gained
two prizes. In 1777 ne returned to Saxony, and executed various
medals and works in ronde-bosse. In 1787 he was appointed Assist-
ant-engraver, and in 1797, Chief-engraver at the Mint of Dresden,
since which date he gave himself up almost exclusively to the cut-
ting of coin-dies.

By F. H. Kriiger are the following medals : Apotheosis of
Louis XVL, the Dauphin, and Marie-Antoinette (signed :
F. H. KRUGER SENIOR FEC.) ; - - Peace of Tilsit, 1807, ty. PAX
ADES ETTOTO &c. (signed : KRUGER SEN F. ; several varieties);
Another, ty. REGNA MUTUO AMORE IUNCTA (signed :
KRUGER SEN.); - Prize Double Thaler of Frederick Augustus III.
of Saxony, 1780; Member's Jewel of the Lodge Minerva of the
Three Palms, Leipzig, i8oo(?); Frederick V. of Denmark;
Peter the Great (after Casanova), etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Edwards, op. cit. Marvin, Masonic
Medals, 1860. Muller and Singer, op. cit.

KRUEGER, GOTTFRIED (Germ.}. Medallist and Mint-master at
Copenhagen, second half of the seventeenth century, 1645-1680.
He engraved various commemorative medals of the reigns of Frede-
rick III. and Christian V., which are usually signed G.K.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Jorgensen, Beskrivelse over Danske
Monter 1448-1888.

KRUEGER, HANS (Germ.}. Seal-engraver at Breslau, 1618. He
was a witness against Burkhard Hase when the latter was prosecut-
ed for having exported good coins to Poland.

KRUEGER, KARL REINHARD (Germ.}. Mint-engraver and Medallist
at Dresden; born at Dresden, 20. March 1794; died there,
20. February 1879. He was apprenticed to D. Loos at Berlin, and



'228

became later Medallist to the Court of Saxony. His brother Ferdi-
nand Anton K. was a clever Copper -plate-engraver.

MostofK.R. Krueger's medals are connected with Saxon history;
amongst them I may notice : Portrait-medal of Karl Maria von
Weber, composer, 1825; C. A. Bottiger, archaeologist, 1830;

Jubilee of King Frederick Augustus of Saxony, 1818 (2 types;
one was executed in collaboration with Stadelmann) ;
8 th Anniversary ot King Anton of Saxony, 1835; ~~ Gustavus
Adolphus of Sweden, 2 nd Centenary of the Battle ofLutzen, 1832;

First Centenary of Count Zinzendorf, founder of the Moravian



Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 17 of 49)