L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

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Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 18 of 49)
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Community, 1822; Giovanni Perluigi Palestrina, composer,
1842; Centennial Festival on St. John's day by the Grand
Orient of Dresden, 1817; Golden Wedding of Georg Adolph
Fischer and Christiana Sophia, 1823; Heinrich Posthumus,
Duke of Saxony, Gymnasium Prize Medal of Gera, 1845,
F. G. Lock, Bishop of Antioch, 185 1 ; Rebuilding of St. John's
Church at Zittau ; Christian Daniel Beck, Leipzig, 1839; -
D r S. Hahnemann, Meissen, 1829 ; D r Johann August Wilhelm
Hcden, Dresden; Adolph von Hanselt, 1838, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. oil. Hildebrand, op. cit. Reimann Cata-
logue. Mittheil. des Klubs der Mun%- und Medaillenfreunde in Wien, 1901.
Muller and Singer, op. cit.

KRUG, HANS (SENIOR). (Germ.}. Goldsmith, Die-cutter and Mint-
master at Nuremberg, 1496-1509; died in 1514. He also excelled
in the casting of medals. In a document, dated 1509, he declares
himself ready to undertake the casting of two medals (Pfcnningi),
in a. clean and masterly manner (reiner und werklicber), of the
Prince-Elector of Saxony, on the casting of which medals Diirer
was to have been consulted.

He may have been the Engraver of Tentzel, PL n, n os i, n, in,
Double Thaler, 1517, Thaler, same date, and subsidiary coins of
Frederick III., of the "Bonnet" type, revived by Hans Krug,
Junior, after 1513.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Erman, Deutsche Medailleure, 1884. Gerbert-Nurnberg,
Geschichte der Mun^stdtte der Reichstadt Nurnberg, 1891.

KRUG, HANS (JUNIOR) (Germ.}. Goldsmith and Mint-engraver at
Nuremberg; died in December, 1518. He was appointed Die-
cutter at the Mint in 15 13 (auf absteen Hanmsen Crafts ist der Jung
Hanns krug Goltschmied ^u ainem eyssengraber ertailt und sol im acht
guldin qi russgelt gegeben warden). Mint documents of 1517 again
mention the Die-cutter Hans Krug the younger, and one of 1519,
states that Hans Krug the younger having died in December 1518,
the Town Council of Nuremberg resorted again to Hans Krafft,
who had been Mint-engraver from 1509 to 1513.



229

Hans Krug Junior worked for the Prince-Elector of Saxony, and
according to D r Ehrenberg, he is probably the author of the follow-
ing coins and medals, reproduced in Tentzel L. E. PI. I, N os i-iv;
2, N os i, n, v; 3, i-in : Thaler of 1507, Arms and Eagle; Halt




Thaler of Frederick III. the Wise, of Saxony, I5i8(?),
probably by Hans Krug Junior.

Thaler, of same date; Quarter-Thaler, with bare head of the
Elector Frederick III. ; Another, with head in bonnet ; Double
Thaler, and Thaler (type of the coin reproduced above) of various
dates, and undated, &c.

BIBLIOGRAPHY Gebert-Nurnberg, op. cit., p. 51. D r Ehrenberg, Nachricbt
iiber Nurnberger Mun^- mid Medaillen-Prdgun^en itn Auftra$e Friedricbs des W risen
von Stiibsfn, Mitth. der Bayer. Gesellschaft, 8, p. 109.

KRUG, HANS (Germ.). Modeller at Nuremberg, circ. 1570.

KRUG, LUDWIG (Germ.}. Goldsmith, Sculptor, Medallist, Painter
and Copper plate-engraver of the sixteenth century ; died at Nurem-
berg in 1532. He was the son of Hans Krug the Elder. Neudorffer
(p. 124 ed. Lochner) remarks : "Er hatte Verstand der Silber-und
Goldarbeit, im Reissen, Stechen, Graben, Schmelzen, Malen, Schnei-
den, Conterfetten... . Was er aber in Stein, Camee und Eisen
schnitt das war auch bei den Wahlen (Walschen) loblich... . Als
aber Herr Melchior Pfinzing, Propst zu St. Sebald, welcher farwahr
von Kaiser Maximilian her im Giessen und anderen Kiinsten
begierig und verstandig war, den Hanns Schwarzen von Augsburg
(der dann zu der Zeit in Holz fur den besten Conterfetter geachtet
wurde) in Pfarrhof bei ihm hatte, w r ar ich dabei, dass er zu diesem
Schwarzen sagte, er sollt ihn conterfetten in Holz, so wollt er ihn
dagegen einwarts in Stahl conterfetten, daraus man schliessen mag,
was dieser Ludwig Krug far ein Kiinstler gewesen ist. "

From Lochner we learn also that Ludwig Krug became Master



230

in 1522 and that he died in 1 5 3 2 . He is called " Meister des Kruges ",
as he used a Tankard for his special mark. Amongst his engravings,
the following are known : Birth of Christ ; - - The Adoration of
the three Kings (1516); Ecce Homo; Nude females with
Skull; Charity or Madonna; St. Sebastian, etc., and amongst
his wood-cuttings : The Fall; Banishment from Paradise, &c.

At the Berlin Museum is preserved a small Plaque, representing
the Fall (1514), which bears the artist's mark. This appears to be
the only authenticated medallic work of Ludwig Krug, to whom
one would like to ascribe the charming Portrait-medals of 1525-26,
knowing as we do, from Neudorffer, that this Master excelled in
the making of Portraits (Conterf&ten'). It is true that the Berlin plaque
and these Nuremberg medals have nothing in common in style, as
Erman duly observes ; but a fact he notices too, the signature
LK 152 occurring, engraved on the fyL. of a uniface impression
of the well-known small portrait ofDiirer, I527 1 (Tresor 7, 2) of
the important series of Nuremberg medals to which the master-
pieces of 1525-26 also belong, - shows that in his mind he still
clings to Krug as the possible author of the following pieces, which
he declares to be the work of only one and the same artist.

Miiller & Singer, Allgemeines Kiinstler Lexicon, II, p. 401 , remarks :
"Von ihm im Berliner Museum ein kleines Relief, den Siindenfall
darstellend. Ferner andere Reliefs und Medaillen von 1525 und
1526."

Some of the medals enumerated below, belong to " the finest
that German Art has created ", be their author Ludwig Krug, Flotner,
Hagenauer, or other artists.

1525. PaulGerstner (Berlin Museum) ; Bastian Starcz (Tresor
5, 7); Casimir of Brandenburg and Susanna (Berlin);
Steffan Gabler of Nuremberg ; Barbara Pfinzing (Berlin) ; -
Hedwig von Munsterberg, Margravin of Brandenburg (Berlin) ;
- Hans von Obernitz (Berlin); Kuncz Schmirer (Berlin);
Wolf Keczel of Nuremberg (Berlin); - - Barbara..., born Keczel
(Berlin; reproduced in Erman, pi. n, i); Undated. The same
Person, with "Trew ist aller Ern werth". Dannenberg owned
a box-wood model of that medal, with inscription of later date.

Dorothea Keczel ; 1525. Ambrosius Quez (Tresor 6, i) ; -
1526. Anna Kolbin (Berlin); Sebastian von Rotenhan, Coun-
cillor to the Electoral Court of Mayence (Berlin) ; Michael von
Mergetheim, Abbot of St. Stephen's cloister at Wurzburg (Berlin) ;

Johannes von Gutemberg, Domdechant (Deacon) at Wurzburg.



i . Mr Max Rosenheim, who possesses a specimen of this Durer medal, is also
convinced that it is the work of Ludwig Krug.



231 -

(Berlin Museum. Tresor 6, 8 ; illustrated) ; Margrave Friedrich
von Brandenburg, Provost of Wiirzburg (Tresor 6,2) ; Christoph
Kres (Berlin. A specimen described by Imhof is said to have an I on
arm); Hans Nuykum (Berlin); Georg Koctzler (Berlin;
Tresor 6, 7 ; Erman, pi. n, 3) ; Seb. Staiber (Berlin) ; Clemens
Volcamer (Berlin); Bernhard Baumgartner (Berlin) ; Georg
Ketzel (Berlin); - Christoph Fiierer (Berlin; Tresor 6, 4); -




Johannes von Gutenberg, by an unknown artist.

Johann Geuder (Berlin); Wilhelm, Bishop of Strassburg (Ber-
lin) ; - - Albrecht, Cardinal and Archbishop of Mayence (Berlin) ;
-Jordan von Herzheim (Berlin ; Tresor 5, 8); Friedrich Behaim
(Berlin); Johann Kleberger (Berlin) ; Lypold von Kliczengk
(Tresor 5, 4), etc. Also 1527. Albrecht Scheurl (Berlin);




Christoph Kress, by an unknown artist.

Albrecht Durer (Tresor 7, 2 ; Rosenheim) and very small medals :
1526. Friedrich Behaim (Berlin; Tresor 6, 9) ; - Christoph
Kress (Berlin; Erman, pi. n, 4); 1527. Alexander Imhot
(Berlin) ; Hans Nuykum (Berlin) ; Ulrich Stark (Berlin) ;
Friedrich, Abbot of St. Giles in Niirnberg (Num. Chron., 1904,
pi. v, 7; Brit. Mus.).



232

As common characteristics of most of these medals, Erman men-
tions the following : the bust reaches downwards to the edge of the
medal ; the letters are slender, wavy, with sharp angles, and exhibit
peculiar forms ; the legend is usually separated from the field by
two incuse concentric lines ; the titles are abbreviated in ZC :

The medal of Albrecht, Archbishop of Mayence, and most of the
medals above cited, are attributed to Ludwig Krug, by Domanig,
and to Peter Flotner, by Lange.

Ludwig Krug, who is sometimes called the "Master of the
Pitcher" was also a Painter and Engraver. Williamson, in Bryan's
Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, III, 1904, mentions several
prints by him.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Erman, Deutsche Medailkure, 1884. Muller & Singer, op.
cit. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Ammon, op. cit. Domanig, Jahrbiicb XVI, pi. 6,
4. Menadier, Scbatimun^en des Hauses Hoben?olkrn, 1901.

KRULL, CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH (Germ.}. Architect, Steel-engraver,
and Medallist, born in 1748 at Hessem (Wolfenbuttel) ; died in
1787 at Brunswick. He was a self-made man. In 1780 he was
appointed Mint-commissioner (Munzcommissar) and Medallist to
the city of Brunswick. There is a terra-cotta bust by him of the poet
Lessing, and various coins and medals : Portrait-medal of Duke
Leopold; Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, 1781 (illustrated}', -
Memorial Medal of Maximilian Julius Leopold, Duke of Brunswick




G. E. Lessing, by C. F. Krull.

and Luneburg, 1785 (signed : C. F. KRULL F.); School established
by the Lodge St. Charles of the Crowned Pillar ot Brunswick,
1771 ; Second Jubilee of the Plague at Leyden, 1774 (signed :
C. F. K.).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Ammon, op. cit. Marvin, Masonic
Medals, 1880. Reimmann Catalogue. ,



- 233

KRULL, JOHANN ENGELHARD (Germ.}. Medallist of the eighteenth
century, who worked at Cassel and Brunswick, 1738-1750. He
was Mint-master at Hanau, Cassel, and Frankfort-on-iM. (?), 1737-
1742; in Brunswick, 1742-1750. From 1737-1739, he signed his
issues J. K. ; after 1739, J. E. K. or EK., on gold and silver coins.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Schlickeysen-Pallmann, op. cit. Ammon, op. cit.

KRUMM, PAUL FRIEDRICH (Germ.}. Mint-master at Meiningen,
then at Coburg, and later at Hildburghausen, 1719. His son, Paul
Philipp Krumm officiated in the same capacity.

KRDMPACHER, PETER (Austr.}. Mint-warden at Klagenfurt,
1626-28.

KRUMPER, THOMAS (Anstr.}. Mint-master at Hall, under the
Archduke Ferdinand, 1560 to 15 March 1577. His name appears
also as THOMAN KRUMPP.

KRUSE, BALTHASAR (Genii.}. Mint-master at Schwerin, 1651,
and Wismar, 1653.

KRUSE, BRUNO (Germ.}. Contemporary Sculptor, and Medallist,
born i.June 1855 at Hamburg, now residing at Berlin. He studied
at Dresden under Professor Schilling. In 1901, he was commissioned
by the Academy of Sciences of Berlin to model a Plaquette on the
8o th Birthday ot Virchow, and another of Privy-Councillor von
Leyden, issued for the Medical Congress in 1902; Schiller;
Portrait-plaquette of the Grand Duchess of Saxe- Weimar, 1903;
Mommsen ; Professor Frenzel, on his 7O th Birthday;
D. Herzog, Secretary of State; - - Count Waldersee; Schen;
kendorf; O. Jessen, Director of the Industrial Schools at Berlin
- Privy Councillor Neumayer; - Jubilee Medal of the City of
Riga, etc.

" Ich will vor alien Dingen ", writes the artist, "die Gussplakette
wieder zu Ehren bringen und schweben mir dabei die italienischen
Arbeiten, Gussmedaillen, Plaketten u. a. vor. Ich will, dass man
bei jeder Arbeit die Hand des Kiinstlers, des Schopfer, sieht; bei
einer gepragten Medaille geht von der Ausfuhrung und Behandlung
der Arbeit viel verloren. '

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Frankfurter Mumgeitung , 1901, p. 162; 1903, p. 456.

KRUSE, JOHANN MICHAEL (Germ.}. Mint-master at Koenigsberg,
1824-1837.

K. S. (Swed.}. Initials of an oval Portrait-medal of Gustavus
Adolphus, cast, with laur. bust ot the King to r. I. DEOET'
VICTRICIBVS' ARMIS. Lion rampant holding sword ; dated 1631
(Hildebrand I. 150,94 f.).



234

K. S. Fide KARL STUBENRAUCH. Die-sinker at Darmstadt, 1839-
1848 ; after that date at St. Louis (U. S. A.)

K. & S. Die sinkers' signature on a commemorative medal of the
Peace of Paris, obv. Heads of Alexander I., Frederick William III.,
Wellington and Bliicher^L. Britannia seated.

KUBACSKA, D r HUGO (Austr.*). Mint-master at Kremnitz (Kor-
moczbanya), 1877-1891.

EUBE, RUDOLF (Germ.}. Coin-dealer at Berlin, who in 1899 issued
a fine Memorial Portrait-meda? of Prince Bismark, struck by Lauer.




Portrait-medal of Prince Bismarck, 1899.

*'" **73 J

KUBLAI KHAN f v/Jf ^ (Chinese). A. D. 1214-1294.
He was proclaimed Emperor in 1260. The Mongol written char-
acter was introduced in 1269; in 1280 the calendar was revised;
and in 1287 the Imperial Academy was opened. Paper money, in
the form of banknotes of from 50 to 1000 cash, was made current
in 1285.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. H. A. Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, 1898.

KUBLER, ANTON (Germ.}. Mint-engraver at Wiesbaden, 1847.

KUCHLER, CONRAD HEINRICH(Gerw.). Medallist and Coin-engraver
of the last quarter of the eighteenth century and early part of
the nineteenth. The precise dates of his birth and death I have
been unable to ascertain. He was a native of Flanders, appears to
have worked at first in Germany as Die-sinker at Darmstadt, 1763-
1772, Mannheim, 1766, and Frankfort-on-M., 1775, then in
France, and probably came over to England about 1790, where for
many years, perhaps until 1806, he was employed by Boulton at
the Soho Mint, Birmingham. Joseph und Fellner give 1802 as the
probable date of his death, which cannot be correct, as the copper
coinage of 1805 and 1806, of an entirely new type, as well as
tokens of Dublin, 1818-1821 are signed by him.



235

While at Birmingham, Kiichler cut the dies for a large number
of English, Irish, Danish, Russian, Portuguese, &c., Coins, and Pat-
terns of coins, amongst which I shall enumerate all the varieties
known to me.



COINS



England. PATTERNS AND PROOFS. - Gold. Pattern Guinea, 1791.
^i.. Heart-shaped shield (Num. Cbron.,Vo\. XIII. , p. 121, n 46);
Proof Twopence, 1797; signed Kv; Proof Penny, 1797; -
Proof Halfpenny, 1797 ; Proof Farthing, 1797; Pattern Far-
thing, 1797. Platinum, Proof Penny, 1807. Probably unique, late
Murdoch collection; Silver. Pattern Guinea, ij9&(Nnm. Chron.,
Vol. XIII., p. 1 22, n 5 6); Pattern "Shield" Dollar, 1798, signed
v C. H. K. on truncation of George III.'s head (varieties in ^E.);
Pattern Dollar, 1804,$,. BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFEN-
SOR; below the shield, DOLLAR (6 var.); Proof Bank Dollar,
1804 (illustrated); Another, without stop after REX and other
small differences (sev. var. in /E.); Garter Dollar, 1804, Royal
arms within the Garter (var in ^E. ; signed variously : .-. C H K.;
v K, etc.).




Bank Dollar, 1804, by C. H. Kuchler.

Pattern Bank of England Token for Five Shillings and Sixpence,
1811 (}$L. by Philp; sev. var. in ); Proof Twopence, 1797;
- Proof Penny, 1797; - Pattern Penny, 1797, Large bust tor.,
hair long, on left shoulder, Kv on truncation. J$L. BRITANNIA,
1797, incuse, on a broad raised band; SOHO under rock; Pat-
tern Penny, 1797, wnn K on ^- instead of SOHO ; Pattern
Penny, 1797. ty,. BRITANNIA in small lettering ; Britannia, helm-
eted, seated on globe, holding upright trident and supporting large
shield, &c. ; in ex., 1797. K.; - Pattern Penny, 1805, signed
K under right shoulder; I. BRITANNIARUM; Pattern



-2 3 6-

Halfpenny, 1795 (obv. by Kuchler ty,. by Droz); legend, GEOR-
GIUS III.D : G. REX., incuse, on broad raised band; below the
head, in the band, SOHO, between two floral ornaments; bust to
r., laur., neck bare; Pattern Halfpenny, 1797 (2 var.); Pat-
tern Halfpenny, 1805 ; Pattern Farthing, 1797 (2 var.); Pat-
tern Farthing, 1798, signed K on obv.,^6. I. FARTHING beneath
figure of Britannia, between two floral ornaments. Gilt Copper.
Pattern Guinea, 1798; edge, Vandyke pattern, incuse; Pattern
Guineas, 1798 (3 var.); - Trial Piece of Dollar, 1804; - Proof
Twopence, 1797 (2 var.); Proof Penny, 1797 (2 var.);
Pattern Penny, 1797 (2 var.); Pattern Penny, 1797 (type ofthe
JR. piece); Proof Penny, 1806, signed K; Pattern Halfpenny,
J 797 ; Pattern Farthing, 1797 (2 var.); Proof Halfpenny,
J 799i Pattern Halfpennies, 1799 (2 var. signed K -'-); Proof
Halfpenny, 1806; Pattern Farthing, 1797 ; Pattern Farthing,
1798. Bronze and Copper. Pattern Dollar, 1798; K.-. on trunca-
tion ; Another, var. of tyL. ; Proof Bank of England Dollar,

1804 (sev. varieties); Proof Bank of England Token for Five
Shillings and Sixpence, 1811 (sev. var.); Proof Twopence, 1797,
in bronze and copper; Proof Penny, 1797 (2 var.); Pattern
Penny, 1797, K. on shoulder; Another, .-.K beneath the shield ;
Another, BRITANNIA, 1797 incuse, on a broad raised band ;
Others, varieties of obv. or L. (at least five) ; Pattern Penny,

1805 (3 var.); - Pattern Penny, 1806, signed K on either side ,
- Proof Penny, 1806 (2 var.); Pattern Halfpenny, 1795 (fyL.

by Droz); Pattern Halfpenny, 1797 (4 or 5 var.); - - Proof
Halfpenny, 1799 (2 var.); Pattern Halfpenny, 1799 (Montagu
n 778); - - Another, variety of edge; - Another, signed K.\
(Mont., n 7) ; Others, of same date (2 or 3 var ); Pattern
Halfpenny, 1805 (5 var.) ; Proof Halfpenny, 1806 (2 var.) ; -
Pattern Farthing, 1797 (3 or 4 var.); - Pattern Farthing, 1798
(2 var.); Proof Farthing, 1799; Pattern Farthing, 1805; -
Pattern Farthing, 1806; Proof Farthing 1806 (2 var.); -
Dublin Penny Tokens, 1819, 1820; Dublin Halfpenny Tokens
1819, 1821; Dublin "Union" Halfpenny, 1801. - Pewter.
Pattern Bank Dollar, 1798; Proof and Pattern Pennies, 1797;
-Pattern Halfpenny, 1799 ; - Pattern Penny, 1805.
ORDINARY CURRENCY. Silver. Dollar of 1804, signed on obv.
:C.H.K. fy. BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR. Royal
arms within garter, 1804; - Bank of England Dollar, 1804; "
Copper. Twopence, 1797, signed K.-.; - - Penny, 1797, K.-. ($L.
illustrated) ; - Halfpenny, 1797, K ; Farthing, 1797 ; Half-
penny, 1799, different type ; - Farthing, 1799; Penny, 1806
and 1807 ; Halfpenny and Farthing, of same dates.

" Kuchler ", says a writer, in Monthly Review, XVI, 119 "gave the



237



figure of Britannia on the coinage new dignity and appropriateness;
he brought back the Roman figure seated on a rock amidst the sea,
among whose distant waves a line of battle-ship is sailing. In her
left hand is the trident of her naval empery slanting above the
shield that bears the Union Jack in right heraldic colours. This is
the Penny of 1797, reproduced below".



/.




Penny of 1797 (enlarged)

Ireland. Silver. Bank of Ireland Six Shillings Token, signed on
obv. C H K and on ^L. K. Proofs of this coin exist in gold, silver,
silver-gilt, bronze, copper and pewter; Another, with bust to 1.
by Philp. Copper. Penny, 1805 and 1806; Halfpenny, 1805;
- Farthing, 1805 and 1806. Of these three coins there are also
Proofs in gold, silver, bronze, copper, gilt copper, and pewter.
Penny Token of Ireland, 1819, 1820; Halfpenny Token, 1819,
1821 ; Halfpenny, 1801 tyL THE UNION.

Bermuda. Pattern Penny, obv. Crowned head of George III. by
Kuchler (1799) (a mule) ; Another, with SOHO below the bust.

Bahama. - Proof Halfpenny, 1806. $6. EXPVLSIS PIRATIS
(unsigned).

Denmark. Set of Christian VII. Pattern Daler, |, , | and - Daler,
undated, in gold, silver and copper (struck at Boulton's).

Germany. Frankfort-on-Main. Conventions thaler of 1776 (Build-
ing of a bridge at Hausen), signed K under River-god; 20
Kreutzer piece of 1764, signed K .

Russia. Alexander I., Pattern Rouble, 1804, m g^> silver and
copper, signed C. H. KUCHLER F. (illustrated) ; - - Pattern Imperial,
undated, obv. Bust of the Czar tyL. Imperial eagle, not signed.



238




Gold Medal for Seringapatam, 1799.



239

France. Pattern Monnerons and HalfMonnerons, 1792 (several
varieties).




Pattern Rouble of Alexander I., by C. H. Kuchler.



MEDALS



Defeat of the Sultan Tippoo by the Marquis of Cornwallis, 1792 ;
his two sons received as hostages; Memorial Medal of Louis XVI.
and Marie Antoinette, 1793 ; Memorial Medal of Queen Marie-
Antoinette, 1793; - Memorial Medal of Gustavus III. of Sweden,
I 793i Victory of the I st June, 1794, with bust of Howe;




Union of Ireland with England, 1801.

Restoration of King Ferdinand IV. on the throne of the Two-Sicilies,
1799 ; Medal for the Siege of Seringapatam, 1799 (illustrated") ;
- Attempted Assassination of King George III., 1800; Drayton
Agricultural Society instituted, 1800; Union of Ireland with
England, 1801 (illustrated); Another, with ty,. Arms of the



240



Hudson Bay Company (3 var.); Jubilee of George III., 1810.
Bust by Kiichler (sev. var.); - George III., Bust by Kuchler ~$L.




Lord St. Vincent's Medal, 1800. (Obv.)

Inscription; On the King's death, 1820; Peace oi Amiens, 1802^;
- Commemorative medal of the National Edition of Shakespeare's



TRAFALGAR

PCX? 21 1805




Battle of Trafalgar



241

Works, published 1803 ; Earl St. Vincent's Medal, presented by
him to petty-officers and seamen of the flagship " Ville de Paris"
as a token of their loyalty (illustrated) ; - Boulton's Medal given




Davison's Medal for theVictory of the Nile, 1798.
(in frame).

to officers and seamen engagedat Trafalgar, 1805 (}$L. illustrated');

- Memorial Medalet of Citherine the Great of Russia, 1796;

Accession Medal of Alexander I. of Russia, 1801 ; - - Davison's

L. FORRER. Biographical Notices of Medallists. III. 16



242

Medal given to officers and seamen engaged in the Battle of the
Nile, 1798 (illustrated); 5O th Anniversary of John George Schmidt
of Frankfort's pastoral service, 1775 ; The three Pastors, Anton
Mathieu, John George Schmidt and John Amos of Frankfort-on-M.,
1775 ; Prize Medal of the Frankfort Polytechnic School, undat-
ed, signed K ; Matthew Boulton, on his death, 1809 (this medal
was probably struck from a die prepared by Kiichler some years
before, as there is in the British Museum an unfinished plaque,
with slightly different bust, and with scroll inscribed DIED AT
SOHO. M. 7. 180 AGED.OOY S OM : OD :); - Memorial
Medal of Matthew Boulton (sev. var.); - - British Successes in
1798; Marriage of George, Prince of Wales, with Caroline ot
Brunswick, 1797 ; Marshall Suwarow, 1799, on his Victories in
Italy; - George Washington (2 var.); Medal of Boulton,




Portrait-medal ot Matthew Boulton.

1798 (illustrated); - Board ot Agriculture established, 1793, &c.
Kiichler's signature occurs under the following forms : H. C.

KUCHLER FEC. ; C. H. K. FECIT ; C. H. K. ; K.; K.- .: .-. C.
H. K. : CHK; xx, ; ....

"C. H. Kiichler", (S. Timmins, Birmingham and the Midland
Hardware District, 1866, p. 564) " who sunk nearly the whole of
the dies for the celebrated Soho coinage, and notably, for the well-
known Twopenny piece, worked mainly in the French style. He
was at one time living at 22 Bride Court, Fleet Street, Birmingham,
where he carried on business as Medal-engraver and Die-sinker.
After having been many years at Soho, he quarrelled with Boulton,
and seems to have ended his days in straitened circumstances. He
lies in Handsworth Churchyard, without a stone to mark his
resting-place. At the time of his leaving Soho he had commenced
the die for the celebrated medallion of Boulton, for finishing which



- 243 -

Pidgeon afterwards received 300... Mills was employed after
Kuchler's departure ".

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Hawkins, Franks & Grueber. Mcdallic Illustrations &c.
D r F. P. Weber, Medah and Medallion; of the nineteenth century, &c. Grueber,
B. M. Guide to the Exhibition of English Medals <lrc. Spink, Catalogue of Mr. Mon-
tagu's Collection of coins from George 1. to Victoria, 1891. Tancred, War Medals
and Honorary Distinctions, 1891. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Grueber, Handbook oj
the Coins of Great Britain and Ireland, 1899. Jorgensen, op. cit. Tlxunsenes
Catalogue. Hildebrand, op. cit. ,11, p. 204. Paul Joseph & Eduard Fellner, D',
Miin^en von FraiikJnrt-ani-Main, 1896. H. A. Grucber, English Personal Medalsi
Num. Chron., VIII, X & XII. Catalogue of the Boulton Collection, sold at Sotbebf
Wilkinson fr Hodge, 1899. Leroux, op. cit. \V. J. Davis, Token Coinage oy
the Nineteenth Century, 1904.

KUEFEL (or KUESSEL), HEINE (Germ.}. Mint-master at Munden,



KUENERMANN, HANS (Germ.}. Mint-master at Wunstorf, 1566-
1567; entered into the service of the Regent, Countess Agnes or
Ritberg, in the following year.

KUENZI (Swiss}. Mint-engraver at Fribourg (Switzerland), whose
signature is found on the dies of a Pattern Rappen of 1827.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Anton Henseler, Monnaies fribouroeoises, Bull, de la societe
suisse de numismatique.

KUGELGEN (Germ.}. This Die-sinker's signature occurs on a
Portrait-medal of Goethe.

KUHLMANN, CHARLES FREDERIC (French}. Mint-director at Lille,
1850-1857 ; distinctive mark on the coins, an antique lamp.

KUHNLEIN, JOHANN (Germ.}. Mint-master at Langenargen, 1694-



Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 18 of 49)