L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

. (page 31 of 49)
Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 31 of 49)
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1805.

LEON or LEONIDAS. Vide L supra. A Greek Coin-engraver.

LEON, L. (French}. Medallist, " who worked during the middle of
the eighteenth century and was engaged on the medallic series ot
Louis XV. ". His signature : L. LEON occurs on the fyL. of a medal
with bust of Louis XV., by Francois Marteau, commemorating the
Loss of Minorca, 1756 (illustrated).





Medal on the Loss of Minorca, 1756.

I suspect however the correct name of this engraver to be
LAURENT LEONARD (q. v. infra).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Franks & Grueber, Medallic Illustrations drc.

LEONARD (Amer.). Die-sinker, temp. George III., whose signa-
ture occurs on a pewter Dollar of George HI.

LEONARD, AGATHON (Belg.). Contemporary Sculptor, born at
Lille in 1841 ; pupil of the Fine Art Academy of Lille, and of Dela-
planche; he obtained a Medal of the Third class in 1879.

He is the author of a number of Portrait-medallions in bronze,
cast: 1869. M me Antoinette Chenot ; M lle Felicie Caca ;
1870. Portrait of a Child; 1875. M 1Ie Duprez ; - 1879. M.J.
Duprez; 1888. 15 Portrait -medallions in bronze.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chavignerie et Auvray, op. cit.

LEONARD, LAURENT (French). Medallist and Engraver, born in
1709, died at Paris on the 26. September 1788. He was employed
at the Medal Mint, and between 1772 and 1774 filled temporarily
the office of Mint-engraver, on the death ot Charles Norbert
Roettier.

This Engraver contributed to the medallic series of Louis XV. ;
the medal, reproduced above under LEON is probably by him, and



I have seen a medal of Louis XVI., 1775, bearing his full signature.
Another, commemorating the Inauguration of the Paris Hotel des
Monnaies, with a view of the building, and dated 1770, is signed :
L. LEONARD F.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chavignerie et Auvray, op. cit. Annuaire numisntatiqtte,
1867, 157. Blanchet, Manuel frc. Rondot & De La Tour, op. cit.

LEONARDO DA MILANO. Vide LEONARDO DA VINCI. " By the end

of the fifteenth century", says King, " we find Camillo Leonardo
(writing in 1 5 02) praising four Gem-engravers Anichini of Ferrara,
Giovanni Maria of Mantua, Tagliacarne of Genoa, and Leonardo
of Milan - - as equal to any of the ancients in their profession ;
and furthermore stating that their works were diffused throughout
all Italy a sufficient proof of the previous length of time over
which their labours had extended. "

The Leonardo da Milano here referred to is probably Leonardo
da Vinci.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. King, Antique Gems, p. 168.

LEONARDO DA VINCI (Ital.). A famous Painter, Architect, Sculp-
tor, Scientist, Engineer, Mechanician and Musician, born at Vinci,
near Empoli, in 1452; died at Cloux, near Amboise (France) on
the 2 nd of May 1519.

Although no medallic work can directly be traced to Leonardo
da Vinci, it is beyond doubt that he made his influence felt in this
branch of art also, and, as we shall see, he designed the fine
Testoni of Giovanni Galeazzo Maria Sforza and Ludovico Moro,
which were engraved by Caradosso; furthermore, he is said to
have excelled in Gem-engraving. A very brief sketch of this emi-
nent artist's career finds therefore a place here.

Leonardo da Vinci is one of the worthiest representatives of the
Florentine school of painting and sculpture. He showed early a
wonderful aptitude for art, and studied under Andrea del Verocchio,
to whom he was taken by his father, about 1470, and with whom
he remained until he was past twenty. His studio companions were
Perugino and Lorenzo di Credi. In 1472 he was received in the
Company of Painters and obtained his first recorded commission in
1478. Having met with little success at Florence, he appears to have
gone to Milan about 1487. In 1503 he was again at Florence,
returning to Milan in 15 06. In 1514-1515 he was residing in Rome.
His great work, the famous "Cenacolo" or "Last Supper" was
finished in 1498 ; he painted it in oil on the wall of the refectory
of the Dominican convent of the Madonna delle Grazie ; it began to
perish from the dampness of thewall almost as soon as it wasfinished,
but fortunately the original sketches still exist. While living in
Milan under the protection of Ludovico II Moio, he executed the



397

colossal equestrian statue of Duke Francesco I., which was demo-
lished by the French in 1499. On his return to Florence, he drew
a cartoon from which Filippino painted the altar-piece of the monks
of Servi. Subsequently, Leonardo da Vinci seems to have devoted
his time principally to portraiture; the best known works of this
period are the " Mona Lisa" in the Louvre, Paris, completed about
1 504 ; " La belle Ferronniere ; the "Virgin of the Rocks", National
Gallery, London, and another version in the Louvre ; " St. John
the Baptist", Louvre; St. Anne, Louvre; a cartoon of St. Anne
in the Royal Academy, London, &c. He was also commissioned to
paint a wall of the Council-hall at Florence, for which he made a
cartoon of the "Battle of Anghiari", corresponding to the great
cartoon of Michelangelo ; both are now lost. On the French occupa-
tion of Milan, Louis XII. appointed Leonardo Court-painter. In
1514, the artist accompanied Giuliano de' Medici to Rome, where
Leo X. entrusted him with some work at the Vatican. He went to
France in 1516, at the invitation of Francis I., and died at the
Chateau de Cloux, aged about sixty-seven.




Testone of Giovanni Galeazzo Sforz.i and Ludovico II Moro, engraved
by Caradosso, and designed by Leonardo da Vinci.

Leonardo da Vinci was a man of imposing personal appearance;
a portrait of him, by himself, is preserved in the Royal Library,
Turin. He wrote a "Treatise on Painting", published in 1651,
which has been widely translated. Among his many pupils, the
most eminent were Bernardino Luini, Andrea Salaino, and Marco
d'Oggione. The Litter's copy of his Master's " Cenacolo " was
reproduced by Raphael Morghen in his celebrated engraving publish-
ed about 1 800.

Under LEONARDO DA MILANO we have noticed that a writer of
1502 eulogizes the talent of four Gem-engravers, among whom is
probably Leonardo da Vinci (named there da Milano) and that
he says they were "equal to any of the ancients in their profes-
sion ".

In a remarkable letter, written by Leonardo da Vinci to Ludo-
vico II Moro, the artist mentions his various qualifications, and



- 398 -



says : "I will also undertake any work in sculpture, in marble, in
bronze, or in terra-cotta; likewise in painting I can do what can be
done, as well as any man, be he who he may". Soon after 1480,
when Ludovico Maria Sforza took the reins of Government in his
nephew's name, the artist entered into the service of the Duke with
a salary of five hundred crowns per annum, and he was consulted
in every question concerning art. It is proved beyond doubt that




Testone of Ludovico Maria Sforza, engraved by Caradossso,
and designed by Leonardo da Vinci.

Caradosso engraved the coins of the Dukes Giovanni Galeazzo
Maria Sforza (1481), Giovanni Galeazzo Maria Sforza and the
Regent Ludovico (1481-1494), and Ludovico Maria Sforza, called
II Moro (1494- 1 49 9) from designs supplied by Leonardo da Vinci
(FzWeFratelliGnecchi, Le Monete di Milano, LXI). These coins con-
sist, according to Rossi, of the following types : Giov. Gal. Maria
Sforza, Doppio Testone d'Oro; Multiple of the Testone
d'argento. Gio. Gal. Maria and Ludovico Maria Sforza, Al. Doppio
Zecchino; Zecchino ; ^R. Multiple of Testone ; Testone
(illustrated). Ludovico Maria Sforza, A/". Doppio Testone ; ^R.
Multiple of Testone; - Testone (illustrated).

King states : "I have seen an enamelled pendant attributed to
Da Vinci, and which certainly does bear his usual monogram.
Cesare Borgia having appointed him his architect in 1502, L. da
Vinci was thus actually brought into contact with the duke's phy-
sician, Camillo : besides, he had made Milan his home ever since
entering Ludovico's service in 1483, which would explain the
designation " Da Milano ".

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Encyclopaedia Britannica, X. Edition, 1903. Dictionary of
Universal Biography. E. Muntz, Leonard de Vinci. Vasari, op. cit., Ill, VI.
Gnecchi, Le Monete di Milano. King, Antique Gems and Rings, 1872.

LEONI, LEONE (Ital.}. Sculptor and Medallist, born at Arezzo in
1 509, died at Milan on July 22., 1590. Whether he belonged to the
same family as Giovanni Leone da Arezzo, upon whom the Emper-
or Sigismund conferred a knighthood in 1418 or not, it is impos-
sible to ascertain. Nothing is known either of this artist's early



399

career. In 1537 he was appointed Mint-engraver at Rome, a post
which he filled until 1540. It would appear that his first medallic
work of note was a Portrait-medallion ot General Ferrante Gon-




Leone Leoni, at the age of 30.

zaga's daughter, Isabella, whom he represented at the age of sixteen,
in 1537; the General was so delighted with this work that he
henceforward became a zealous patron of Leone Leoni, and secured
for him, from the Governor of Milan, Alfonso d'Avalos, the




Leone Leoni, at the age of 40.

important office of Director of the Imperial Mint there, which the
artist retained until his death, except for a brief stay at Brussels in
1549-50. Thanks to Ferrante, he was introduced to Charles V.,



4

who attached him to his service as Sculptor and Medallist, and
raised him to the knighthood.

It is said that Leoni was of a very violent temper; one of his
bitterest enemies was Benvenuto Cellini, who accused him of hav-
ing endeavoured to poison him; he disfigured the pontifical gold-
smith Pellegrino di Lenti; did grievous bodily injury to Orazio
Veccelli, Titian's son, and had the latter's assistant, Martino, killed
by a bravo; we find him ready to use the dagger in his many
quarrels with friends and foes. Michelangelo was the only contem-
porary artist with whom Leoni entertained intimate relations. He
executed of him a curious Portrait-medal, on the reverse of which is
represented a blind man led by a dog, with the legend : DOCEBOS
INIQUOS VIAS TUAS ET INIQ.UI AD TE CON VERTENTUR ;
also a Portrait-medallion in wax (illustrated}.




Portrait-medallion in wax of Michelangelo, by Leone Leoni.



From the time when Leoni was employed by Charles V. date
some of his most important works of sculpture, generally of large
size and mostly in bronze. There is only one left in Italy, the beau-
tiful monument of Jacopo de' Medici, Marquis of Melegnago, in the
cathedral of Milan, designed, it is said, by Michelangelo. The
numerous statues and busts which were commissioned to the artist
by the Imperial family are nearly all either in Spain or at Vienna.
A group representing Charles V. slaying a monster (Caesaris virtute
domitus furor) and commemorating the Victory of Miihlberg was
erected in 1526 on the public square of Gustalla, but sent towards
the end of the eighteenth century to the castle of Buen Retire in
Spain, whence it has been transferred to the Prado Museum. The
same Museum preserves a bust, and half-length figure in bronze of



4 01

Charles V., and the Real Academia of San Fernando an alabaster
bust of Philip II., marble busts of Queen Mary of Hungary, and
Queen Eleonora, sister of Charles V. and consort of Francis L; all
three busts were cast in 1549. In the Vienna Imperial Museum are
treasured a half-length figure in bronze of Charles V., similar to
the Madrid one, and a large Portrait-medallion of the same Emper-
or, as well as a bust of Mary of Hungary. The Louvre acquired
within the last twenty years a Portrait-medallion in bronze of
Charles V., mentioned by Vasari, who says that it was commis-
sioned by Granvella. " All these portraits ", observes M. Bertaux,
" are modelled with great firmness; the bronzes offer a refined




Obv. of Portrait-medal of Charles V., by Leone Leoni.

polish and very rich black patina, which remind one of the busts
by the Venetian sculptors Alessandro Vittoria and others ; the detail
of the draperies, the hair, and ornaments of cuirasses, &c. are of an
exquisite finish; and the artist has displayed ingenious taste and
discreet fancy in the decoration of his stands and frameworks. "

But of surpassing merit are Leone Leoni's medallic productions,
including the coins which he engraved at the Milanese Mint ; they
belong to the finest and boldest works of the latter part of the
Renaissance.

Specimens are generally met with in silver, and also in bronze :
(1549). Charles V. f. DISCITE I VSTITIAM MONITI . Zeus

L. FORRER. Biographical Notices of Medallists. III. 16



402 ~~

overpowering the Titans; 73 mill. (obv. illustrated} ; - - (1549).
The Empress Isabella. #.. HAS HABET . ET SVPER AT . The
Three Graces ; 73 mill. (obv. illustrated). Both these medals were
commissioned to the artist at the time of his journey to Brussels;
that ot the Empress was struck in her memory by order of
Charles V., as she had died in 1536. - - (1547). Charles V.
JJL. IN -SPEM-PRISCI- HONORIS - TYBERIS. The Tiber reclin-
ing to 1. ; 40 mill ; (Before 1546). Charles V. and Isabella, their
busts on either side; 36 mill, (illustrated). A specimen realized 40
at the Rome Sale, February 1904; - (Before 1537). Titian
T$L. Bacchante to r. preceded by Cupid; 34 mill. ; 1537- Pietro




Obv. of Portrait-medal of the Empress Isabella, consort of Charles V.

Aretino. #,. VERITAS ODIVM PARIT 1537 within wreath;
37 mill. (2 var. ; signed : LEO); - 1537. Titian and Pietro Are-
tino, their busts on either side; 37 mill; - 1537. Isabella Villa-
marina, Princess of Salerno (only known by a letter of Leoni to
Aretino); 1537. Pietro Bembo, medallion in wax, and bronze
medal (no specimens have as yet been found); 1537. PP e
Paul III., Medal on the fortification of Rome (mentioned in the
Mint accounts of the Roman Zecca) ; Another, Bust of Pope to 1. ;
signed: LEO. fy. DOMINVS'CVSTODIT-TE-DOMINVS'PRO-
ECTIO TVA . Horsemen galloping from the walls of a city under
a hail of stones; 45 mill.; Another, Similar bust ty. SECVRI-



403



TAS-TEMPORVM. Three horses grazing; 45 mill.; Another,
Similar bust }$L. No legend; Roma, helmeted, seated, to r. ; near
her, wolf and twins; to r., the Tiber reclining to 1,; in the field,
S.C. ; 45 mill. [Leoni reproduced this same figure of Tiber on a
small medal of Charles V., which is unsigned] ; Andrea Doria





Medal of Charles V. and Isabella, by Leone Leoni.



and Leone Leoni, their busts on either side (I$. illustrated, repre-
senting Leoni at the age of 30); 43 mill. [This medal alludes to some
occasion on which Admiral Doria had freed the artist from impris-
onment and labour in the galleys. Leoni's bust is shown bare-
headed ; behind him a galley and the tools of his art ; border of
fetters]; Andrea Doria; $L. Galley sailing to r. ; in foreground a
small boat is seen approaching carrying two men. [This is another
allusion to the artist's deliverance by his protector] ; Andrea
Doria; I. LIBERTA'PVBLICA. Liberty standing to r. ; 1541.
Giovannettino Doria, nephew of the Genoese admiral (mentioned
in a letter from the Bishop of Arras to Leoni, but no specimen
extant); Martin de Hanna $L. SPES . MEA / IN DEO EST .
Hope to r. ; signed : LEO ; 70 mill, (a specimen in the Rome Sale
(London, February 1904) realized 17.5 .o) ; Daniel de Hanna,
son of Martin ; Obv. Bust to r. ; signed : LEO fyL VOEI Abundance ;
32 mill. ; (Before 1546). Alfonso d'Avalos, marquis del Vasto, and
his consort; their busts on either side; 46 mill, (a specimen exists
in the Imperial Museum at Vienna); Francesco Molza, poet
(only known by a letter from Aretino to Leoni, 1546); Philip,
prince of Spain; Obv. Youthful bust to 1. %L. COLIT ARDVA'
VIRTVS. Hercules between Voluptuousness and Virtue; signed :
LEO, F. ; 84 mill. [The artist presented specimens of this medal in

fold to the Emperor and the Queens of France and Hungary, on
is arrival at Brussels in 1549]; (1549). Mary, Queen of
Hungary; Obv. MARIA -HVN' BOH" REG -MDXXI. Bust to 1. in
rich coiffure (possibly copied from Michael Hohenauer's medal of
1526); ]$L. unknown [All the 'specimens known of this medal are



- 404 -

in the form of reverses of the large medal of Charles V.] ; 73 mill. ;
- Jerome Perrenot, of Champagney (known only from Leoni's




Maximilian, King of Bohemia, by Leone Leoni.

letter to Cardinal Granvella, 1549); (1551). Leone Leoni, Bust

lS , tto y- ; le S end : LEO-ARETINVS-SCVLPTOR-CAE-
(in the Ambrosian Library; illustrated. Leoni is there



- 405

represented at the age of about 40); (1551). Ippolita Gonzaga,
Obv. Bust to 1.; signed : AEHN-APHTINOZ. tyL PAR'VBIQ-
POTESTAS. Three-fold representation of Hecate as Diana, the
Moon, and Proserpina carried away by Pluto; 60 mill.; - The
beautiful Felipina (known by a letter of Leoni to the Bishop ot
Arras); 0555)- Charles V. and Don Philip; Obv. Their busts
conjoined tor. ^L. PLVS'OVLTRE. The pillars of Hercules sup-
porting the Imperial crown, c.; 42 mill.; Antoine Perrenot,
Cardinal Granvella; Obv. Bust to 1. ; signed : LEO; $L. DVRATE.
Vessel beaten by the storm; 66 mill.; - Another, smaller
tyL. Neptune pacifying the sea; near him, to r., Thetis is seen
fighting with a sea monster, &c. ; 51 mill.; (1556) Ferrante
Gonzaga; fyL. Hercules hurling his club against monsters, 65 mill. -




Obv. ot Portrait-medal of Michelangelo.

(1555-58). Baccio Bandinelli; Obv. signed : LEO. ty,. CHAN.
DORTLLESVS within laurel-wreath; 41 mill.; (1557-1558).
Giorgio Vasari; Obv. signed : LEO. }$L. blank; 62 mill.; (1561);
Pius IV. Obv. Bust to r. 1^. DESIDERIO DESIDERAMVS.
Hen with brood of chickens; 48 mill.; (1561). Gonzalvus of
Cordova, Duke of Suessa ; $6. DABIT'DEVS'HIS' QVOQ.
FINEM. Hercules slaying the Hydra; 58 mill; - Another
^: DOCEBOTNIQVOS &c. Blind man led by a dog (similar to
the fyL ot the medal of Michelangelo); 58 mill. [The first of these
two medals shows a lion seeking refuge between the legs of Hercu-
les ; Plon suggests that the lion stands for the artist's signature and
gives it a character of authenticity]; (1561). Francesco d'Ava-
los, marquis of Pescara ; 1$L. Hercules trampling on Dragon and



406

gathering apples in the Garden of the Hesperides (ascribed to
Annibale Fontana by Lomazzo, but more likely the work of Leone
Leoni; vide FONTANA, vol. II, p. 119); - - Francesco d'Avalos
Portrait-medal, uniface; 60 mill. (Ambrosian Library) ; Michel-
angelo, wax medallion (published by Drury Fortnum, Archaeol.
Journal, vol. XXXII, n 125 (illustrated}', (1561) Michelangelo;
Obv. Bust to r.; signed : LEO. #,. DOCEBOTNIQVOS'V-T-
ETTMPII-AD TE'CONVER. Blind man advancing to r. led by
a dog; 59 mill. (Obv. illustrated); - (1554)- Maximilian II. as
King of Bohemia; #,. QVO'ME FATA VOCANT. Mercury hold-
ing caduceus flying to 1.; 65 mill, (ascribed to Leoni by Domanig,
Bertaux and others); Archduke Ferdinand, Governor of Bohe-
mia . _ Philippina Welzer, Archduke Ferdinand's first wife (medal




Philippina Welzer.

ascribed to Leone Leoni by Domanig; probably the same as the
one described by Plon as "The beautiful Filepina" ; executed circa
1551; a fine specimen is preserved in the Imperial Museum at
Vienna; D1VAE- 'PHILIPPINAE Bust to r.).

Besides the medals mentioned above, Plon describes a few others
which he thinks should be given to Leoni, who in 1555, was
informing Cardinal Granvella that he had up to that date executed
already thirty medals. Among these are : Bernardo Tasso, Torqua-
to's father; I. TVTE'SITIM'PELLE. Unicorn; 56 mill. ; Ber-
nardo Spina; ty. SUPERAT'OMNIA'VIRTVS. Virtue on horseback
spearing Envy ; 46 mill. ; Giovanbattista Castaldo ; }$L. SVBAC-
TAE-DACIAE-RESTITVTORI- OPTIMO. The General raising a
female figure seated on implements of war; 51 mill. [In 1555 Cas-



407

taldo mentions a medal which Leoni was to make of him by desire
of Granvella ; Von Fabriczy places this medal amon^ Leoni's authen-
ticated works]; Another; fyL OB-REM'MILITAREM-FELICI-
TER'GESTAM. Victory holding wreath and palm-branch ; 5 1 mill. ;
Gianello della Torre; I. VIRTVS NVNQ; DEFICIT. The
Fountain of science; 80 mill. [This tyL. occurs also on a medal of
Philip II., which is no doubt by Jacopo da Trezzo, and indeed Von
Fabriczy is convinced that the latter artist is the author of this
medal alsoj ; Cardinal Granvella; ty. DVRATE. The Ship of
Aeneas in a storm ; 60 mill. ; Another, executed after 1561 ; }$L.
Mount Calvary ; Another ; tyL. The ship of Ulysses nearing a rock
on which Sirens are playing with various instruments; Another;
tyL. Neptune striking the ship of Aeneas with his trident. [It is not
unlikely however that some at least of the unsigned medals of
Granvella are by other artists, as Melone, or Domenico de' Compagni,
who both repeatedly portrayed the famous Bishop of Arras on
medals]; Vincenzo Bovi ; ty,. ANTIDOTVM VITAE. Religion,
facing, holding cross (Keary, op. cit., p. 42); - Danae; leg :
NON ABSQVE PLUVIA DANAE. Female bust to r. (diam.
67 mill.; in MM. Rollin and Feuardent's Collection).

Between 1537 and 1540 Leone Leoni was employed as Engraver
at the Papal Mint of Rome under Paul III., but it is difficult to
ascertain which of this Pontiff's coins were engraved by him, as
none are dated, and Benvenuto Cellini who was his colleague, and
worked there before and after him, is credited with the cutting ot
most of the dies of that period. At any rate it is now beyond doubt
that Cellini is the author of the fine Doppia and Testone of this
Pope (Vide G. Castellani, Lo Scudo d'oro di Paolo III conio di Benve-
nuto Cellini, Num. Circular, XI, col. 7090 ; Bolletinodi Numismatica
1904). Leoni's short tenure of office at the Roman Zecca has all the
savour of mediaeval romance; out of spite against Cellini, he pro-
cured his imprisonment in 1538 under the pretext that during the
sack of Rome he had purloined the pontifical jewels ; Cellini was able
to clear himself of the charge, but soon after Leoni himself was
arrested and condemned to the galleys for an act of violence against
the German goldsmith Waldener. Delivered from incarceration by
his protector Andrea Doria, he accompanied him to Genoa in 1541,
where he executed the medals of his benefactor, and in the follow-
ing year he was appointed Mint-engraver at Milan, a post which he
held until 1545, and again from 1550 until his death. In 1546, after
several short stays at Venice, where he endeavoured to get rid of a
cumbrous assistant by hired banditti, he became Mint-master at
Parma; but in 1547 we find him again at Rome working for the
Zecca, and in 1549 at Brussels, called there at the special invitation
of Charles V. From 1558 to 1590, the artist resided at Milan, and



408 -

died in the ' Palace', still extant, which the Emperor had presented
him in recognition for his services in Art. During the latter
period of his life, he once more had recourse to murder, his victim
being Titian's son, who had come to Milan to collect a large sum
of money and whom he probably wished to rob. Alhough Leoni
remained unpunished, his many misdeeds are so many blots on his
memory.




Cardinal Granvella.



D r Casati reproduces several Milanese Mint documents, which
show that during the whole period of 1542 to 1589 Leoni received
payments for dies cut by him, and we are safe in ascribing to him
all the more important coins, issued at Milan under Charles V. and





Testone 01 Charles V., by Leone Leoni.

Philip II. Among these I may mention the following : Charles V.
( I 535' I 5) 6 )- M. Doppio Scudo d'oro, Laur. bust to r. }$L. The
pillars of Hercules in me sea ; between them, a crown; ^R. Duca-
tone(da Soldi cento); ty. TE DEVM LAVDAMVS; ex : S'AGV'
S'AMB. St. Augustine abjuring Manichaeism at the feet of St.
Ambrosius; Ducatone; $6. DISCITE'IVSTITIAM-MONITI.
Zeus on Mount Olympus hurling fulmen at the Titans ; Mezzo



409

Ducatone; Type of the preceding; Ducatone; tyL.CVIQ.SWM
Crowned eagle standing on fulmen above the globe; dated 1551;
Mezzo Ducatone; similar type; dated 15^2 (2 or 3 var.); Buri-
gozzo (da 32 Soldi); fy. St. Ambrosius; Testonej^d, Pietas
(2 var.); St. Ambrosius (4 var.); Salus Augusta (2 var.); The
Pillars of Hercules (3 or 4 var. ; one illustrated) ; Mezzo
Testone; ty OB | INSVB | RIAM | SERVA | TAM within
wreath ; 10 Soldi; 8 Soldi 3 Denari; - 5 Soldi; Mezzo
Bianco; Parpagliola ; Quindicino; Sesino; Trillina;
Denaro. Philip II. (1556-1598; Leoni at the Mint of Milan
until 1589). A/". 6 Zecchini; obv. Radiated bust of Philip II. 1.
Facing bust of St. Ambrosius ; - - Proof of the Mezzo Ducatone
(2 var.) ; Doppia da tre ; }$L Arms ; 1 5 5 5 ; Quadrupla or Doppia
da due (3 var.) : Doppia (15 var. in Gnecchi); Scudo d'oro;
ty. MVNDI-SALVS-VNICA Cross; Scudo d'oro del Sole; %L.



Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 31 of 49)