L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

. (page 39 of 49)
Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 39 of 49)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


var.); Various Prize Medals of Crown Prince Charles; - Por-
trait-medal of Edmund Gammal, &c.

By Lundgren are further : Medal struck in 1843 at Stockholm by
the Grand Lodge to commemorate the Quarter Centennial of
Charles XIV. John's reign ; Coming of age of the Crown Prince
OScar, 1817; - - Magnus Brahe, Swedish general, -f 1844; -
Jenny Lind, the famous singer (sev. var.), 1848; jacobus
J. Berzelius, chemist, 1848; - Eric Qustav Geijer, historian;
D r Nils Gabriel Sefstrom, of Stockholm, 1839; D r Charles Tho-
mas Jackson, of Boston (medal presented by the King of Sweden for
his discovery of anaesthesia); D r Christopher Carlander, of
Stockholm, "1858; D r Peter von Afzelius, of Upsala (2 var. of
1821 and 1835); D r Arvid Henrik Florman, of Lund, 1851 ;
D r Olaf Rudbeck, of Upsala, 1702; Emmanuel Swedenborg,
1852, &c.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. H. W. Singer, Allgemeiiies Kunstler-Lexikon, 1898. Hilde-
brand, op. cit. Thoinscn Catalogue.

LDNDTHER, or LINDNER ABRAHAM (Germ.}. Mint-master at Hall i.
Tyrol, 1611-1613.

LUNEL, PIERRE DE (French}. Mint-engraver at Niort, was appointed
at La Rochelle, in 1422, where he appears to have been employed
until 1425.

L. FORRER. Biographical Notices of Medallists. III.



- 498 -

LUNEN, HERBART VON (Germ.}. A native of Oldenburg, and
Mint-engraver at Dresden, circ. 1605-1616, and Medallist there
until about 1626. He signed his productions H. V. L. or H. V. L. F.
The coins issued at Dresden between 1605 and 1616 are mostly
the work of this Engraver, who was succeeded in 1616 by Ruprecht
Niclas Kitzkatz, and among his medals are : Medal of John George I.,
Prince Elector of Saxony, obv. PRO LEGE ET GREGE. Prince
on horseback tyL. SCOPVS VIT^ ME^E CHRISTVS (signed :
H. V. L.); Small gold Medal, dated 1612, of the same Prince, on
the first Vicariate; Medal on the second Vicariate, 1619 (illus-




Commemorative Medal oi the second Vicariate of John George I., 1619,
by Herbart von Liinen.

trated) ; Another, on the same event J$L. Inscription in 12 lines:
D.G | IOHANN.GEORG. | etc. ; Medal on the beginning of
the campaign against Lausitz and Silesia, 1620; Another, larger,
on the same event.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Julius u. Albert Erbstein, Erorterungen anj dem Gebiele der
sachsiscben Mim%- und Medaillen-Geschichte, Dresden, 1888.

LUNGERBERGER, JOHANN (Swed.). Mint-engraver at St. Peters-
burg, circ. 1730-1745 (vide Schlickeysen-Pallmann).

LV. NF. rufeLUDWIG NEUFAHRER. German Medallist, circ. 1530-
I535-

LUPICINI, VINCENZO DI GIOVANNI (Ital.'}. A Florentine artist,
whom Gaetano Milanesi supposes to have been the author of a
medal, signed : V. G. L. F. F., of Faustina Sforza wife of Marquis
Caravaggio Muzio, obv. FA VSTINA . SFORTIA . MARCH . CARA-



499

VAGII.V.G L.F.F. Bust to r. of Faustina Sforza ; no fy. The
date of this medal is about 1560.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit.

LURIUS AGRIPPA, P. (Rom.). Mint-master (Triumvir monetalis)
at Rome, circ. B.C. 12.

LURSSEN, EDUARD (Germ.). Contemporary Sculptor and Medallist
of Berlin, who in 1880, modelled a Portrait-medal of D r Friedrich
Wohler, chemist of Gottingen, 7 22. Sept. 1882. The medal,
which is signed : OP. ED. LURSSEN. 1880, was struck on Wohler's
8o th Birthday. Another Portrait-medal by this artist is that of Prot.
Carl Mullenhoff, of Kiel, 1878.

LUSIGNU, JACOPO (Ilal.). Sculptor of Livorno, during the first
half of the sixteenth century, is mentioned by Bolzenthal, as deserv-
ing a place amongst medallists.

LUSSAULT. MATHURIN (French). Goldsmith of Paris, circ. 1551.
According to M. Bordeaux, he was probably commissioned by
Queen Mary Stuart to engrave two puncheons in copper " ouvrez
et marqut'ten" lor 10 Sols.

Vide P. Bordeaux, Jetons et Epreuves de Monnaies frappe'es pour
Marie Stuart, 1906.

LUSSON, GUILLAUME (French). First President of the Cour des
Monnaies, 1624.

LUSSY, GUSTAVE (French). Contemporary Sculptor, born at Paris,
pupil of M. Fourquet. At the Salon of 1890 he exhibited a bronze
medallion, " Les plaisirs de la ronde ". He is the author of
numerous Portrait-medallions in bronze.

LUSTER, CHRISTIAN (Dan.). Medallist and Coin-engraver, a
native of Denmark, entered into the service of the Engraving
Department at the Mint of Rio de Janeiro on i. March 1855, and
was appointed officially to the post of Engraver by special decree
of the Finance Minister, on 17. December 1863. A further decree,
dated n. August 1869, named him Chief-engraver to the Mint.

Luster was considered as a very intelligent and clever artist and
an indefatigable worker. He was decorated with the Imperial Order
of the Rose. He died after a painful illness on 17. May 1871.

The following is a fairly complete list of Luster's works, which are
indifferently signed : C. L. ; C. L. F. ; LUSTER ; LUSTER F. ;
LUSTER G. ; C. LUSTER F. ; CHR. LUSTER F. I owe this list
and all the biographical details about this artist to the kindness and



5

courtesy of Herr Julius Meili, who is at the present time engaged
in the preparation of a work entitled : " Die auf Brasilien bezuglich-




en Medaillen ", intended as a supplement to his preceding treatises
on the coinage of Brazil.

PUNCHEONS FOR COINS OF THE EMPIRE OF BRAZIL

Vide Julius Meili, Die Mun%en des unabhdngigen Brasilien, 1905.

1863. Pattern for a new type of the silver 2000 Reis piece; signed :

LUSTER F. (PI. XXXV, n 225). This work which is well designed
and carefully executed, shows a decided improvement on former
types and the superior ability of the Engraver.




Pattern 2000 Reis, 1863, by Luster.



501

1867-1869. Adaptation of the approved type to the denominations of 2000, 1000,
500, and 200 Reis (PI. XXXVI, n* 229-232) ; signed : LuSTER F.
on the two larger values, and C.L. on the lesser.

1868-1870. Adaptation of a similar type for the bronze coins of 20 and 10 Reis

(PI. XXXVII, ns 233-234); signed : C.L.
Luster's name has been preserved on the dies of the silver 2000 Reis pieces

dated 1875 and 1876 (PI. XXXVIII, no 239).



PUNCHEONS FOR BRAZILIAN MEDALS SIGNED BY THE ARTIST

Vide Julius Meili, Die aitf das Kaiserreich Brasilien beyiglichen
Medaillen, 1890.



26. Sept. 1855. Cav. S. Thalberg.

17. Nov. 1856. Visitto the Mint of the Princesses D a lzabel

and D a Leopoldina.
i8>8. Foundation of the new Mint buildings.

20. March 1858. Inauguration ofthe Don Pedro II. Railway

(R. by Carneiro). '

The reproduction in Meili is erroneous as the obv. of this
given under N 99.

1858. The Empress, as protectress of abandoned

children.
1 8 -;; 59. Obv. Homage to the tenor Mirate (!},. by

Felippe Nery da Costa Ferreira).

18 2f 60. Obv. Homage to the music director Fran-
cisco Manoel da Sil*a (P. by Carneiro).
(1860). Prize Medal of the Academy of Fine Arts

(R. by Carneiro).
(1860). Another similar.

(1860). Exhibition of the Academy of Fine Arts.
(1860). Another, similar.

2 1 . Sept. 1 86 1 . Inauguration of the Imperial Docks at Rio

de Janeiro (Ri. by Carneiro).
2. Dec. 1 86 1. First National Exhibition at Rio de Janeiro,

Commemorative medal.
1861. Similar ; Prize Medal (Ri. signed : E.R.S.

Eleutrio Ribeiro Sampaio).
(1862). Provincial ExhibitionatJuizdeF6ra(Minas).

1863. Provincial Exhibition at Ouro Preto

(Minas); Ri. .by Carneiro.

1870. Another, similar.

1 864- 1 86 5 . Campaign in Uruguay (a pattern).
1864-1865. Similar.

p e fj a " 86? . Similar, oval (also a pattern).



1866. To the Army and Navy for their Successes.

1866. Prize Medal of the second National Exhi-

bition at Rio de Janeiro (i st , 2 nd , and
y& classes).

1866. Prize medal of the Provincial Exhibition

at Pernambuco (Ri. by Carneiro).



Nos

186
28

IOO
IOI

medal should be that



29
187
1 88



same

bust

ofthe

Empress



166 large size.

167 small size.

1 68 large size.

169 small size.

102

60

61

72

\ Bust of

71 ( the Emperor

73 I as on n 72
1 10 large size,
in small size.

112 signed :

LUSTER G.

(gravou).
114



62

74



5 2

NOS

8. April 1866. Christening of the Emperor's grand-son,

Don Pedro. 34

1867. Calendar with dates referring to Brazilian

history. 35

29. July 1869. Christening of the Emperor's grand-son,

Don Jos?. 37

1871. Marshal Gaston d'Orleans, Comte d'Eu, \ will be

Victor ofPirebehuhy and CampoGrande. J reproduced
Undated Religious medal; Pieta fy,. Laurel-wreath. ' in Mr. Meili's
and without Uniface ; Bust of D r Azredo Coutinho, I forthcoming
inscriptions Director of the Rio Mint. ! book.

Although signed by Luster, the medals of the Provincial Exhibitions at Pernam-
buco in 1872 and 1875 are not by the artist, who was then dead, but were struck
from old dies by him.

The following unsigned medals are ascribed to Christian Luster by Mr. Meili :
18 " 54. Visit to the Mint of the Emperor Don

Pedro II.
(:8>5). Life saving Medal (Love thy neighbour as

thyselj). 204

(1855). Religious Medal, Confraternity of the S.
Altar Sacrament of Marica (Province
of Rio de Janeiro). 207

1 8 *-i 59- Visit to the Mint of the Archbishop of

Athens, M. F. Antoniacci. 91

1 8 f 59. Arrival of Their Imperial Majesties at

Bahia.
(1862). Prize Medal of the Elementary Public

Schools. 223

1 8 f* 64. Visit to the Mint of the Emperor, Princess

Imperial and her consort. 31

! g ?? 6 5 . Visit to the Mint of the Due de Penthievres

(obv. by Carneiro). 33

18 " 68. Visit to the Mint of the Princes Don Felippe

and Augusta (ty.. by Carneiro).
18 -^ 69. Visit to the Mint of Prince Don Felippe

(fy. by Carneiro). 38

1 8 | 70. Cross for the Paraguay War. 129

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Julius Meili, oj Zurich
(Switzerland).

LUTEGER (Germ.'). 'Sculptor at Altenburg', as he calls himself,
cut dies for many Thuringian and neighbouring mints, from 1160
to 1190. He was employed at the mint of Altenburg, which was
very active under King Frederick Barbarossa (1152-1192). The die-
cutter Fuvitiger appears at about the same time at Saalfeld. Luteger's
name occurs on Bracteates : LVTEGER ME FECIT.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. DrH. Buchenau, Bracteaten fund von Seega, Marburg, 1905.

LUTIGER, FRANZ (Swiss}. Contemporary Sculptor, born at
Lucerne (Switzerland); pupil of the School for Industrial Arts of
Geneva, and Prof Salmson and Jerdelet. At the Salon of 1892 he
exhibited a medallion in chased silver representing " Dawn".



503

LTJTHY (Swiss). Sculptor of Berne, who in 1886, submitted designs
for the proposed new coinage of 5 Franc pieces. His obv. presented
a standing figure of Helvetia, holding sword in one hand, and olive-
branch in the other.

LUTMA, JAN (Dutch). Goldsmith and Engraver of the seventeenth
century; born about 1584 at Groningen, died at Amsterdam, 1669 ;
a pupil of Paulus van Vianen. He is said to have contributed to
medallic art, but none of his productions in that branch have been
recognized so far.

LUTMA, JAN FILIUS (Dutch). Goldsmith and Engraver, born at
Amsterdam in 1605 or 1609, died there in 1685. His engravings
are numerous and of very fine execution remarks Mr. Grueber,
" but his initials occur on one medal only. " It is on a commemo-
rative medal of the Peace of Breda, 1667, signed on obv. OAL or
JOANL. An oval medal, representing on one side a half-length
figure of Admiral Martin Herp. Van Tromp between the initials
F L (Filius Lutma) is also by this artist, and another medal by
Lutma jun r is preserved at The Hague Museum; it is a portrait-
piece of his father, Jan Lutma de oude (De Vries De Jonghe, I,
PI. VI, 4) ; and by him are further Portrait-plaques of the poets
Vondel, Hooft, and his own.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Catalogue, &c. Franks & Grueber,
op. cit. I, p. 529. Mss. Catalogue of Mr. H. Montagu's Medal Collection.
Singer, Allgemeines Kimstler-Lexikon.

LUTTMER (Germ.'). Mint-engraver at Danzig, circ. 1760.

LUTWYCHE, WILLIAM (Brit.). A Birmingham Die-sinker and
Manufacturer of tokens, towards the end of the eighteenth century
and during the early years of the nineteenth. He issued large
quantities of Tokens for tradesmen all over the country, as well as
for himself. We read in Davis' Token Coinage of Warwickshire, p. 24
that "he issued over two tons of his private pieces, on which a
large and unjustifiable profit was made. The extent of the fraud on
the public \vas great, for it was afterwards discovered that manu-
facturers were supplied with tokens to pay the wages of workmen,
at the rate of 367 face value for 2O/. This ill-gotten wealth did not
satisfy those who trafficked in it, as tons of imitation pieces were
also struck, of only half their proper weight. "

We meet with the names of the Engravers Arnold, Dixon, Jacobs,
James, Ponthon, and P. Wyon on Lutwyche's issues of the end of
the eighteenth century and early part ot the nineteenth, which
comprise Lutwyche's own tokens; Pidcock's Royal Menagerie
Tokens; Tokens of various dates for Appledore, Aylesbury,



504 -

Bakers, Banbury, Bath, Beccles, Benenden, Birmingham, Brighton
Camp, Brighton, Bristol, Bungay, Bury, Burnt Island, Canterbury,
Chelsea, Chesham*' Cinque Ports, Coventry, Deal, Devizes, Dun-
kirk, East Grinstead, Falmouth, Feversham, Glasgow, Hastings,
Hawkehurst, Hereford, Holt, Hoxae, Kendal, Kent, London
(numerous issues), Maidstone, Manchester, Northiam, Norwich,
Perth, Plymouth, Poole, Romney, Sandwich, Sleaford, Staplehurst,
Sussex, North Wales, Warwickshire, West Cowes, Westminster,
Wiltshire, Winchelsea, Woodbridge, Yeovil, York, etc.

One of Lutw r yche's Tokens, engraved by James, commemorates
the War with France, 1794, and has on obv. a bust of Fox ; another,
is a Masonic Penny Token of the Prince of Wales, 1795.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Pye, Provincial Coins, etc. Atkins, Tradesmen's Tokens oj
the eighteenth century. Davis, op. cit.

LUTZ, GEORG (Germ.'). Mint-warden to the city ot Kempten,
1623.

LUTZ, HANS (Germ.'). Mint-master at Ratisbon, 1525. He was
succeeded by his widow, who was in office from 1536 to 1538.

LUTZ, JOHANN (Germ.). Mint-master at Kempten (Hochstift),
1623.

LUTZ, J. (Swiss). Mint-engraver at Calcutta, 1863-1874, and again
appointed, i. November 1875, an< ^ ' m office until 1884.

LUTZ, JOHANN GEORG (Swiss). Engraver of the J$L. of a rare
medal of Strassburg, published by Herr Julius Feist, in Revue suisse
de numismatique, 1892, p. 116. The obv. is by Fechter of Basle,
the }$i. is signed JOHANN GEORG LUTZ FEC. and presents a view
of the city. The medal belongs to the first halt of the seventeenth
century.

LUTZELBURGER, HANS (Germ.). Modeller of South Germany,
circ. 1.524. 'He is said. to have signed his productions H. L. F.

LUXUMON, ANANDRAE (Ind.). Mint-engraver at Bombay,
appointed in 1904.

LUXUMON, RAGHUNATH (Ind.). Mint-engraver at Bombay, 1867-
1891.

LUZE (Swiss). A citizen and banneret of Neuchatel, who in 1776,
had three medals engraved, at his own cost, by Jonas Thiebaud, for
presentation as School Prizes. Vide Musee Neuchatelois, 1893,
p. 243.



- 505

LVOF, GREGOR (Ritss.). Mint-master at St. Petersburg, 1797,
whose issues are signed f. A-

L. W. Vide LEOPOLD WEBER (sometimes callecl LIPPOLD WEFER).
Mint-master at Clausthal, 1640-1674.

L. W. Vide LUDWIG WAGNER. Medallist at Stuttgart, 1798-1845.
Also I. L. W.

L. W. Vide LEOPOLD WIENER. Belgian Medallist of the second half
of the nineteenth century.

L. X. Vide LUCA XELL. Mint-master and Engraver at Guastalla,
1618-1622, and Parma, 1623-1629. His issues sometimes bear the
letters L. X.

L. Y. (Mexic.\ Engraver's initials on a Medal of Reward for
valour and fidelity, of the state of Puebla (Mexico), 1866.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. B. Betts, Mexican Imperial Coinage, 1899.

LYKOMEDES (GrecK). 'A chalcedony intaglio of the Tyskiewicz
Collection, representing a female portrait, diademed, and probably
that of the first Cleopatra, with forehead surmounted by headdress
of Isis, is signed *HAHMO>IYA, and attributed to an ancient Gem-
engraver. This gem is reproduced in Furtwangler,^w///^ Gemmen,
PI. xxxii, 31, and also described in Gemmen mil Kunstlfrinschriften,
Jahrbuch, 1888, p. 206, PI. m.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Babelon, op. cit. Daremberg-Saglio, art. Gemmae, p. 1476.

LYCOS. Probably a fictitious signature on Poniatowski gems,

representing a Head of Charon; Meleager presenting the head

of the wild boar to Atalanta; Pluto giving Peleus a sword;

Briseis lamenting the death of Patroclus ; Metabus dedicating

his infant daughter, Camilla, to Diana.

LYMBURNER (Canad.}. Issuer of 'a Memorial Medal of Pope
Pius IX., 1878 (sev. var.), also one of the same Pontiff's 5o th Epis-
copal Anniversary, 1877. Vide Leroux, Me'daillier du Canada,
n os 1640-1642.

LYNCH, LYNCEE or LINCHE, GERMAYNE or GERMYN (Brit.}. Mint-
master for Ireland under Henry VI. and anni 1-13 of Edward IV.,
and Graver of the puncheons. He was granted a patent for the
coinage of Groats, Half-groats, Pennies, Halfpennies or Mailles,
and Farthings or Quadrantes, to be issued at the various mints of
Dublin, Cork, Drogheda, Limerick, Trim, Waterford, and
Wexford.



5o6

_ Chaffers Gilda Aurifabrorum, p. 37, gives the following informa-
tion onLynche: " German Lynche of London, Goldsmith, Warden
of the Mint, was elected Graver of the Puncheons for life (1460-
1483), Master and Warden of the King's Mints in his realm of
Irland within his castle of Dybelin, and he was authorized to strike
money for currency in Ireland, to make all manner ot puncheons,
irons, gravers, &c., within the city of London, or elsewhere, as
should to him seem most speedful ".





Dublin Groat of Edward IV.



"-" Simon, on the autority of a manuscript in the Library of
Trinity College, Dublin, states that in 1472, Germyn Lynch was
indicted for making light groats at Drogheda. But, independent of
this authority, there is evidence in the Act of 1471, that Lynch
had been deprived of his office of Master of the Mint, for on the
eighteenth of October, in the tenth year of his reign (1470),
William Crunye and Thomas Barby, merchants, were by letters
patent constituted masters of the coinage; and in 1473, it was
ordered, that Germyn Lynch be Master of the Mint during good
behaviour.

" It is reasonable to suppose, that Lynch, being restored to his
office, would be anxious to adhere more strictly to the provisions
of the Statutes; and as so many frauds had been committed in the
coinage, he probably adopted the letter G as his privy mark ; and I
find that the Groats with this mark on them are remarkable for the
uniformity of their weight, and correspond pretty closely with the
standard fixed in 1473. Lynch's coins are more numerous than the
other varieties, which, with few exceptions, do not appear to be
regulated by any standard ".(D r Smith, op. cit., p. 29).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Ruding, op. cit. Grueber, .Handbook frc. D r Aquila
Smith, Irish Coins of Edward IV., 1839. Chaffers, op. cit.

LYNG, CASPER HENDRIK (Dan.} of Altona; Mint-master at
Copenhagen, 1783-1797, and before that, from 1771 to 1783, at
Altona. His issues are usually signed : C. H. L.

LYNG, TRUELS (Dan.'). Mint-master at Kongsberg, 1737-1770.
Usually called TROELS LUND. His initials T. L. occur on some of his
issues.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Schlickeysen-Pallmann, op. cit. Nagler, Monogrammisten,
v >753-



- 507

LYONET.JAME (French}. Mint-master at Montelimar, under
Louis XL, before September 1483.

LYR, JACOB. (Germ.}M'mt -engraver at Cologne, 1678-1649, to the
Westphalian District. His coins are signed I. L.

LYSANDER or LYSANDROS. A scarabeus in the Volterra Museum
bears the inscription AY2ANAPO, which is evidently the owner's
name, and not an Engraver's signature.

LYSIPPUS (ltd.}. Medallist of the second half of the fifteenth
century ; a nephew of Cristoforo di Geremia. Friedlander was the
first to place his name among the medallists, and more recently
Herr von Fabriczy has been able to add several medals to the already
known list of his works.

Raphael of Volterra informs us that Lysippus was entrusted with
the execution of a medal of Pope Paul II. (f 1471), and as he
wrote at the beginning of the sixteenth century, we can fairiy




Portrait-medal of Candida, by Lysippus.

accept his assertion. He however does not give any further infor-
mation about this artist, and under the medals of Sixtus IV. none
may be attributed to him with any reasonable grounds. Fortunately,
continues Von Fabriczy, two of his signed productions have been
traced; the one is a Portrait-medal of Giulio Marasca (reproduced
on a print of 1610); and the other, also a Portrait-medal, of
Marinus Philethicus, a poet and scholar, professor at the University
of Rome in 1473 (now in M. Prosper Valton, Armand's heir's
collection). The latter medal presents on oov. the laureated bust of



508

Philethicus, and the T$L. a copy of the pelican of Pisano's Victorino
da Feltre medal, accompanied by the legend in Greek : EPPON
LYZinnOY NEOTEPOY (the work of Lysippus the younger}.

By comparison with these authenticated works, the following
may be ascribed to Lysippus without much doubt : Giovanni Luigi
Toscani (6 var., some of which bear the signature L(ysippus)
P(ictor); Giovanni Francesco Marasca; - Antonio da Santa-
Maria; Francesco Massimo; Francesco Vitali; Partheniu.
(Ippolito Aurispa); - Pier Paolo Mellini; - Militias Jesuallus.
These medals have all in common the same style and the preference
of their author for Greek legends. Further they all represent person-
ages who officiated between 1473 and 1484 at the Curia as Abbre-
viatori, Uditori di cameria, Advocates and Notaries, and most of
them are young and garbed in similar costumes.





Portrait-medal of Cardinal RafFaele Riario, by Lysippus.

To Lysippus we may also ascribe two medals of Giovanni Can-
dida, who probably studied sculpture under him , - - on one of
them, which is preserved in the Este Museum at Modena, he is
depicted as a youth, and apparently as a pupil of an ecclesiastical
seminary; on the larger one, which belongs to M. G. Dreyfuss,
(illustrated}, and which is of oval shape, we see him still in clerical
garb. Both pieces, observes Von Fabriczy, and especially the last,
belong, for the ingenuousness of the conception and softness of the
modelling to the gems of Quattro Cento medallic art.

From the similarity of style as well as from the testimony of
Rafael da Volterra, who informs us that Lysippus vas working for
Pope Sixtus IV., we may still further consider as the work of this
artist the medal of Raffaele Riario, the Pope's nephew, who was
raised in 1478 at the age of 17 to the dignity of a cardinal. The ^L
of this medal represents St George on horseback spearing the
Dragon, an allusion to the cardinal's title of San Giorgio in Velabro.
And closely connected with this medal is that of Catalano Cosali



509

(a later Protonotarius) of the same year, which occurs sometimes
with the tyL of the Riario medal, and displays again the same
characteristics of treatment.

To the above list of Lysippus' s productions, D r Bode', in his
review ofC. Von Fabriczy's Medaillen der Italienischcn Renaissance,
has been able to add the following : Diomede Caraffa (illustrated) ;




G. L. Toscani, by Lysippus.



Girolamo Callagrano (with arms on !) ; Catalano Cosali, a
Bolognese, 1*478 ; Fabrico Varano ; and probably also Gabriel,
Cardinal San Prassede, with a Greek legend : KAAON TEPONTA




Portrait-medal of Diomede Caraffa, by Lysippus.

KA1 TAAAHNHN MA0EIN; also the larger medal of Giovanni
Aurispa (F arms), which was formerly attributed to Pisanello, &c.

I. D' Bode., Zur muesten Forscbung auf dem Gebute der italienisdxn Medaillen-
kunde, Zeitschrilt fur bildende Kunst, 1905, p. 41



Lysippus was a Mantuan, according to Armand, but it is remark-
able that most of the personages he has depicted are of Neapolitan
origin, many of them having belonged to the Roman Curia.

Both Friedlander and Armand have given to this artist the
medal of Sixtus IV., but later writers have not confirmed this
attribution.

The style of Lysippus is often dry, and as a rule the reverses are not
of exceptional merit. He was greatly surpassed by his pupil Giovanni
de Candida, and D r Bode says : " Weit bedeutender als Lysipp,
der regelmassig trocken ist und auf komponierte Ruckseiten sich
nicht einlasst, ist sein Schiiler Giovanni Candida aus vornehmen
Neapler Geschlecht ".

On the tyL of the medal of Giulio Marasca, the artist signs
himself : LYSIPPVS AMICO OPTIMO. This medal is reproduced in
Petavius Pa P. in Francor. curia consilia : antiquariae supellectilis
portiuncula Parisius, 1610.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedlander, Die Italienischen Schaumiin^en, Berlin, 1882.
Armand, Les Me'dailleurs italiens, 1883-1887. C. Von Fabriczy, op. cit.



Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 39 of 49)