L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

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Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 43 of 49)
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Erbstein, op. cit. Blanchet, op. cit., II, 375. Ad. Hess Nachf., Reimmann
Sale Catalogue, 1892. N. Rondot and H. de La Tour, Les nie'dailleurs et les
graveitrs de monnaies, jelons et medailles en France, 1904. Paul Joseph and
Eduard Fellner, op. cit. H. W. Singer, Allgemeines Ki'tnstler-Lexikon, 1898.
D r Georg Habich, Studien %ur Deutschen Renaissance-medaille, 1906.

MALFREDUS, PETRUS (French). Mint-master and Engraver to
Aymar VI., comte de Valentinois, 1358. He was a native of

MALGRIN (French}. According to Bolzenthal, a Die-sinker whose
productions commemorate events of the French Revolution, 1789-
1793; one of them is a Badge of Huissier d'honneur a 1'Assemblee
nationale, 1789, described in Hennin, Hist. num. de la Revolution
franfaise, p. 66.

MALIPIERO, URBANO (Ital.). Mint-master at Venice, circ. 1630.

MALL, CHANDA(/?/J.). A notorious manufacturer of antiquities and
coins, a native of Rawal Pindi, by whom are Parthian coins and in
particular gold staters and silver tetradrachms of Andragoras.(F/e Sir

Henry Howorth, Some Notes on Coins attributed to Partbia, Num.
Chron., 1905, p. 209 sqq.)

MALLEROYS, GUILLAUME DE (French). Mint-master at Dijon under
Henry III. (privy mark -j- M), the League, and Henry IV., 1596-
1596. His successor was Guillaume Audinelle.

MALLET, CHARLES (French). Contemporary Gem-engraver, born
at Semur (Cote-d'Or); pupil of M. Macquet. At the Salon of 1885
he exhibited two intaglios in sardonyx : The Farnese Herakles -
Herakles crushing the lion.

MALLET, JACQUES (Swiss). Mint-master at Geneva, 10. January
29. December, 1655. D r Demole remarks that he has not met with
Genevese coins of that date.

MALM, J. A. (Su'ed.). Sculptor and Medallist of Stockholm, first
half of the nineteenth century. His initials I.A.M. occur on a Portrait-
medallion in gold of Prof. Peter Heinrich Ling (i7y6-f 1839),
which was presented by his pupil in 1821.

MALMBERG, HANS (Swed.). Mint-master at Stockholm, 1738-
1762. Thalers and other coins of Frederick (1746-1751) and
Adolph Frederick, bear his initials H.M.

MALPELLIS, BARDET DE (Belg.). Mint-master at Ghent,
10. December to 22. July 1357.

MALTESE (Ital.). Mint-engraver at Turin, circ. 1735.

MALTHUS, JOHANN (Austr.). Mint-warden at Budweis, appointed
4. August 1569. Certain documents call him HANNS MATHES.

MALTRAVERS, HENRY, LORD (Brit.). Issued, in conjunction, with
Sir Francis Crane, the so-called Rose or Royal Farthings of
Charles I., under a patent granted in 1635.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. H. A. Grueber, Handbook of Ox Coins of Great Britain and
Ireland, London, 1899.

MALUS, JEANDE (French). Mint-master at Bordeaux, 1587-1608.
His privy mark on the coins is an episcopal mitre.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. Mazerolle, op. cit. E. Faivre, o/. cit.

MALVETER, HANNS (Auslr.). Mint-engraver at Freyberg. At the
beginning of 1594 he cut dies for the smaller currency issued ;
Hall and Oesterreicher adds that he may have been the engraver
of the Alsatian Double Thaler of Archduke Ferdinand, the worl
which is rather inferior.


MALYNES, GERARD (Brit,} and William Cockayne, contractors
for an issue of JE Farthings of James I. Before these, grants had
been made, first to Lord Harrington (q. !'.), then to his widow,
Lady Anne Harrington, and afterwards to the Duke of Lennox and

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Montagu, Copper Coins of England, 1893.

MAN, PAUL (Atistr.'}. Mint-master at Schweidnitz, circ. 1525.
MANCEAU, JACQUES LE (Frencti). Mint-master at Angers, 1399.

MANFELD, ROBERT (French). Mint-master at London, anno 4 of
Henry VI. ; London and Calais, auni 24-38. His initial, the letter M,
occurs also (in centre ot the cross) on coins of Canterbury and
Durham, showing that the dies were issued by the Master ot the
Mint in the Tower of London.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rading, op. cit.

MANFREDINI, LUIGI (/to/.). Medallist, born at Bologna in 1771,
died on 22. June 1840. He was for many years Protessor of Medal-
lie Art at the Milan Academy ot Arts, and Mint-engraver there,

Napoleon I., 5 Lire, 1811.

rom 1798 to 1830, (first as assistant, then chief-engraver from
1808) during which period he cut dies for the Kingdom of Italy, the
Austrian province of Lombardy, and executed a series of medals ot
indisputable merit. His predecessor and colleague at the Mint was
Giuseppe Salvirch, by whom are also Milanese Patterns of Napo-
leon I. The Medallist Gerolamo Vassallo was also a colleague
with Manfredini as Engraver at the mint from 1808 to 1819.

Manfredini's series of coins comprise : Napoleon I. N . 40 Lire,
1808-1814; 20 Lire, 1808-1814; ^R.|5 Lire, 1808-1814; 2 Lire, Lira,
15, 10 and 5 Soldi, 1808-1814; Parpagliola, 1808-1813; 25 Cen-

Medal of the Cisalpine Republic, 1797, by Manfredini.

Museum, Vienna); Lira austriaca 1822, 23, 24; Mezza Lira, and
Quarto di Lira, 1822-1824; JE. 5 Centesimi, 1822 and 1834 ; 3 Cen-
tesimi, and Centesimo, 1822 and 1834. Currency : At. Sovrano,

- 554 -

1820-1830; | Sovrano, 1820 and 1822; ^R. Tallero, 1819-1831;
Fiorino, 1822-24, J ^ 2 7> & c - Marie-Louise, Duchess of Parma.
AT. 40 and 20 Lire, 1815 and 1832; ^.5,2, and i Lire, 1815 and
1832, and subsidiary currency, JR.. 5 and 10 Soldi; JE. i, 3 and
5 Centesimi, 1815, 1830, 1832, c.

The list of Manfredini's medals is a large one, but only the
following have come under my notice. They are usually signed :
L.M.; but also M. ; L. MANFREDINI and L.F.M. : Napoleone Bona-
parte $6. Cisalpine Republic, 1797; Bonaparte ^L. DVX'TVTVS'
&c. (illustrated); Attempt on Napoleon's life, 1800; 'Courrier
national' of the Cisalpine Republic, 1801 ; - - Constitution at
Lyons of the Cisalpine Republic, 1802 (4 var.) ; - The Commune
of Parma to Bodoni, 1802; Royal Institute of Sciences and Arts,
1806; Coronation of Napoleon I. at Milan, 1805 (2 types; one
with : LA ZECCA DI MILANO . M AGGIO on obv.) ; Capture
of Vienna, 1805; Battle ot Jena, 1806; - Prize Medal of the
Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Milan, 1806 (sev. var.); Medal
of the Royal Italian Institute of Sciences, Letters and Arts, 1806
(signed : L); General Marmont; dedicated by the inhabitants of
Spalatro in Dalmatia, 1807; - - Milanese Prize Medal for useful
Discoveries, 1807; - Battle of Ratisbon, 1809 (T$L. only; obv.
by Vassallo); - Battle ofWagram and Campaign of 1809 (2 var.) ;

Marriage of Napoleon I. with Marie Louise, 1810 (Hymen
driving Mars before him); - Birth of the King of Rome, 1811;

Return of Duke Francesco IV. to Modena, 1814; Proclama-
tion (Giuramento) Medal of Francis I., of the Lombardo-Venetian
Kingdom, at Milan, 1815 (struck in three sizes, both for Venice and
Milan); - Visit of Francis I. to Milan, 1816 ($L. only); - Visit
of Francis I. to the Milanese Mint; Visit of the Archduke John
to the Mint of Milan, 1816; Visit of the Archduke Rainer to
the Milanese Mint, 1816; Belzoni's discoveries in Egypt,
medal presented by the inhabitants of Padua, 1819 ; Elizabeth,
Duchess of Devonshire (sev. var., with the Column of Focas at
Rome, &c.) ; Helmeted head of Athena ; Laureate bust of Dante ;

Bust of Virgil ; Death of Lord Byron at Missolonghi,
1824 (sev. var., with Sepulchral urn ; Nude male figure leaning on
a globe; Female figure wearing mural crown; and smaller med-
alets); Giovanni Battista Bodoni, typographer, 1802; Marie
Louise, Empress of Austria, 1816, Memorial Medal (struck by
order of Francis L); Joseph Eckhel, numismatist, 1837;-
Coronation of Ferdinand L, Emperor of Austria, 1831 ; D r Gia-
como Tommasini, of Parma, 1822 ; D r A. Scarpa, of Pavia ;
Galileo Galilei; D r A. Sacco, of Milan; Giuditta Pasti,
T$L. Heads of Goldoni and Alfieri, 1829; - - James, Count of
Carrara, Director of the Academy of Bergamo, 1797 (this is the


first Portrait-medal engraved by the artist); Archduke Rainer,
Viceroy of Lombardy, 1818; Giuseppe Barbieri, 183?;
Inauguration of the Bridge on the Trebia, 1825 (a successful
medal, with portraits of Francis I. and his daughter Marie-Louise);
Prize Medal of the Milanese Military Academy ; Prize Medal
of the Academy of Fine Arts of Venice (with tyL. Minerva);
Coronation Medal of Ferdinand I., 1838; Medal of the " Acade-
mia filodrammatica" of Milan, 1840, with busts of Goldoni and
Alfieri (one of Manfredini's last productions) ; Industrial Prize
Medal of Prague (obv. only); Andrea Appiani, 1826; Leo-
nardo da Vinci (2 var.); Fancesco Hayes, etc.

Luigi Manfredini rose to the first rank of early nineteenth cen-
tury Italian medallists; his coins, in particular, display a great effort
of art. Many of his medals were from designs of the celebrated
painter, Appiani, whose portrait he has represented on a medal
executed in 1826.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Gnecchi, Le Monde di Milano. Hennin, Histoire numisma-
tique de la Revolution francaise, 1826. Edwards, Tlx Napoleon Medals, 1857.
D r F. P. Weber, op. oil. Alfredo Commandini, L 'Italia nei cento anni del Secolo
XIX (1801-1900), Milano, 1901. H. W. Singer, Allgemeines Kunstler-Lexikon ,
1898. Ad. HI.SS Nachf., Reimtnann Sale Catalogue, 1892. Jos. C. Adam,
Die Meister der sogenannten ' Schwar^en Medaillen\ Mitth. des Klubs, &c., 1902.
p. 31. Spitik's Numismatic Circular, vol. VIII, col. 3869. Schlickeysen-
Pallmann, op. cit. H. A. Grueber, English Personal Medals from 1760.
E. Fiala, op. cit. Thomsen Bronce-Medailler. Domanig, op. cit. Bolzenthal,
op. cit.

MANFREDINI, LUIGI Junior (Ital.\ Son of the last; Sculptor and
Founder of Milan, second and thira quarters of the nineteenth cen-
tury. By him are the Bas-reliefs of the Milanese Triumphal Arch,
and the statue of V. Monti in the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele. He
has also executed cast Portrait-medallions in bronze.

MANFREZ, PIERRE (Swiss). A native of Flanders, who filled the
post of Mint-master and Engraver at Lausanne, under the Bishop
Guy de Prangins, from circ. 1375-1378. He was commissioned to

Demi-Gros of Guy de Prangins, bishop of Lausanne (1375-1 J?8).

strike Deniers, Mailles, and Demi-Gros (of 6 Deniers, commonly
known as Sesens, or in Latin Sexti).

- 556 -

MANGEM or MANGIN, A. (Port.'}. Mint-engraver, of foreign origin,
at Lisbon, during the seventeenth century. His signature : A. MAN-
GIN F. occurs on a Portrait-medal of John V. of Portugal, 1717,
reproduced in Fernandes, Memoria das Medalhas e Condecoracoes por-
tugne~as, 1 86 1.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Raczynski, Dietionnaire bistorico-artistique du Portugal, 1847.

MANGO (/to/.). Cameo-engraver at Rome, circ. 1790-1810, with
whom the celebrated Benedetto Pistrucci wast first placed in

MANICRAM (Ind.}. Mint-engraver at Calcutta, 1804; a native

MANIERE, EMILE DESIRE MARIE (French}. Contemporary Sculp-
tor, born at Orleans; pupil of Monceauand Chapu. At the Salon of
1891 he exhibited a Portrait-medallion of M. H. Chouppe ; 1892.
M lle Maniere ; Charles S*** ; - D r E. Arque; - M. Monceau.

MANIGLIER, HENRI CHARLES (French}. Sculptor of the second halt
of the nineteenth century, born at Paris, n. October 1826; pupil
of Ramey and Dumont. By him are numerous Portrait-medallions,
among which I have noted : 1864. M" e J. M***; - - 1866.
M. Bonnet; - - 1869. M lle Cartellier; - - 1875. M lle J. M***; -
1884. M. Chauvel.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chavignerie et Auvray, op. cit.

MANIKUS, P. F. (Dutch}. Editor of a Prize Medal of the town of
Arnhem, 1878, engraved by J. A. de Vries.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. Tijdschrijt, frc., X, 193.

MANLEY, J. (Amer.}. Medallist of Philadelphia, last decade of the
eighteenth century. In 1790 he issued a Portrait-medal of Washing-
ton, as First President of the United States, 1789, which bears a
striking likeness. It is signed : J. MANLY. A small masonic medal,
of 1797, unsigned, has a similar portrait.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. J. R. Snowden, The Medals of Washington, Philadelphia,

MANLICK, PAUL (Belg.}. A burgher of Liege, who, under a patent
of 27. August 1613, was allowed to issue ^R. Testons, Doubles,
and Quarter Testons.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Serrure, Dietionnaire, &c.

MANLIUS TORQUATUS, L. (Rom.}. Mint-master (Triumvir moneta-
lis} at Rome, circ. B.C. 54.

MANLY. Vide MANLEY supra.

- 557

MANN, GEORG MICHAEL (Germ.}. Warden of the Mint at Nurem-
berg in conjunction with the Mint-master Lauffer in 1755, and
Forster, till 1780.

MANN. SAMUEL (Germ.}. Mint-warden, in the service of Bran-
denburg, at Kitzingenand Onolzbach, 1631 (Spiess, II).

MANNEVILLE, ANDRE (French}. Contemporary Sculptor, born at
Paris; pupil ofPuech and Patey. By him is as Portrait-plaquette
of a Lady, which was exhibited at the Salon of 1897.

MANNLICH, HEINRICH (Germ.}. Goldsmith and Seal-engraver at
Augsburg, Y 1698 (Rosenberg, Merk^eichen, 66).

MANNLICH, JOHANN HEINRICH (Germ}. Goldsmith and Seal-
engraver at Augsburg, j 1718.

MANNO (ltd.}. Goldsmith of the sixteenth century, a pupil of
Cellini, who worked in the service of the Farnese family and the
Popes. His name frequently occurs in pontifical documents for
plate, jewellery, decorative plaques &c. he was ordered to execute.

MANOZ, JEAN DE (French}. Mint-master at Bayonne, circ.

MANSUY, CHARLES (French}. Medallist at Nancy, circ. 1688-1690.
By him are some medals of local interest only.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot et de La Tour, op. oil.

MANSUY, DOMINIQUE LEOPOLD (French}. Medallist at Nancy,
circ. 1733-f 1743. He was the son of Charles Mansuy, and born in
1708. His signature occurs on some medals of local interest, and
he probably worked also as a Die-cutter at the Mint.

MANSUY, JEAN (French}. Medallist (lailleur cTymaigei) of Nancy,
son of Mansuy-Gauvain, during the latter end of the reign of Duke
Antoine, 1542-1544.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Lepage, op. cit.

MANSVELT & ZOON, P. (Dutch}. Issuers of medals at
Hague; amongst these: 50* Anniversary of the Battle of Water-
loo, with bust of William II. of Holland, 1865 ; 25 th Anniver-
sary of King William III.'s reign, 1849-1874; Jubilee of the
Independence of Holland, 1863, &c.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Tijdscbrift, frc.

MANTEGNA, ANDREA (ltd.}. A celebrated Italian Painter and
Engraver, born at Padua, 1430-1504. His works were numerous ;
he did altar-pieces and frescoes, his greatest being " riumph

- 558-

of Caesar". He was a man of versatile genius and poet as well as
painter. His influence on Italian art was very considerable.

At the Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington, are two
bronze Plaques, both representing The Entombment, probably
contemporary adaptations from the engraving on the same subject
by Mantegna.

Others, Christ standing in the Sepulchre; The Virgin and
child under a canopy with saints ; A Roman sacrifice, &c. are
described in Fortnum's Catalogue of Bronzes in the South Kensington
Museum, as of the school of Mantegna.

Mantegna may be the author of the admirable bronze Portrait-
medallion of himself on his tomb in the chapel of S. Giovanni, in
Sant' Andrea Basilica at Mantua.

MANTICA, AMBROGIO (/to/.) of Genoa. Goldsmith, Jeweller and
Gem-engraver, who worked at Rome, circ. 1485-1489.

MANTICA, BENEDETTO (ltd.}. Engraver, condemned to death at
Sienna in 1441 for issuing false coins.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. E. Muntz, Les Arts a la Cour des Papes, &c.

MANTUAN MEDALLIST of 1506. An unknown Mantuan Medal-
list worked as Mint-engraver at Hall (Tyrol) in 1506, and executed
several medals with busts of the Emperor Maximilian I. and con-
sort, Bianca Maria Sforza }$L. Virgin and Child ; also coins, obv.
Head of Maximilian I. fyL. Crowned eagle, etc.

Possibly GIAN MARCO CAVALLI (Vol. I, p. 365).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, of. cit., Ill, 47. Kenner, Jahrbucb der Kunst-
historischen Sammlungen des allerbochsten Kaiserhauses , t. IV, p. 4.

MANZ, RUDOLF (Swiss). Tin Founder at Zurich, in the early years
of the nineteenth century. By him are : Medal commemorating the
Defence of Zurich during the bombardment of the city by the
Helvetic troops under General Andermatt, 1802 ; Expedition to
Affoltern, 1804, &c.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. W. Tobler-Meyer, Die Mun%- und Medaillen-Sammtungen des
Herrn Hans Wunderly-v. Muralt, Zurich, 1896.

MAPPIN & WEBB (Brit.}. Silversmiths of Sheffield and London,
published various medals, among them, one of the University of
Durham, College of Medicine, two varieties of which are in the
Boston collection.

MAO, MACC (Germ}. Moneyer at Ratisbon, 955-985.

MAR., F. (Germ.}. A sixteenth century Plaque, in the Dreyfus
collection, bears this signature, and represents a nude female figure
riding on a dolphin (Diam, 44 mill.).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Molinier, Les Plaquettes, II, 168.

- 559

MAR., T. Signature on a cornelian intaglio, representing Cupid
teaching an old Faun, who is kneeling, to play on the flute.

MARATHI. This signature occurs on an intaglio with a representa-
tion of the Discobolus (Vide Raspe, Tassies Gems, n 7977).

MARBEAUX or MARBEAU (French). Goldsmith and Engraver, by
whom is a Portrait-medal of Louis XV., 1738.

MARC ANTONIO SPINELLI (Ital.). Mint-engraver at Venice,
appointed in 1572, in succession to Andrea Spinelli, his father'

MARCEL, ANDRYT (French) "Anglo-Gallic" Mint-master at Le
Mans, 1431.

MARCEL, CLAUDE (French). Assayer-general of French coins,

MARCEL, ETIENNE (French). Mint-master at Rouen, 1426, under
Henry VI. of England.

MARCEL, JACQUES (French). Mint-master at Rouen, 1393.
MARCEL, PIERRE (French). Moneyer at Paris, 1556.

MARCEL, REGNAUD (French), Goldsmith and Engraver, circ. 1371-
1389, also called " Regnaut lo dourer, Regnaut 1'ofavro, Regnaut lo

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot, o/>. cit.

MARCELLIN, JEAN BAPTISTE (French). Sculptor of the second half
of the nineteenth century, born at Gap, 24. May 1821; pupil of
F. Rude, and the coledes Beaux Arts. By him are numerous Portrait-
medallions : 1849. M me W***; M. Marcellin; 1864. M me J*~;

- 1868. Faure; M" es B***; - 1877. M 1Ie A. R*~; 1878.

M me p Q***

MARCELLO, ALOYSIO (ltd.). Mint-master at Venice, 1624-1629,
under the Doge, Giovanni Cornaro. Some of his issues are signed :

MARCELLO, LORENZO (Ital.). Mint-master at Venice, 1707; privy
mark : L.M.

MARCELLUS, M. This signature occurs on a gem in the Stosch
Collection, representing Herakles extended on his lion's skin with
the quiver in his right hand.


MARCET, JACQUES (Swiss). Mint-master at Geneva, 1708. A
contract was passed with him on 10. December 1707. His issues
bear his initials I.M.

MARCET, PAUL (Swiss). Mint-contractor, with whom a treaty
was passed by the city of Geneva on 25. June 1677; Jean and
Andre Emery undertook striking currency for him. A six Sol piece
of 1678 in the Wunderly Collection (n 3041) bears the privy
mark JE., which represents Marcet and Emery. Possibly this mono-
gram is not accurately drawn, but I have given it after Demole's

BIBLIOGRAPHY. E. Demole, op. cit.

MARCEUR, JOHN (French). Mint-master at St. L6, under Henry V.
of England, appointed in 1419 "to make money therein".

MARCHAIS (French). Engraver at the Mint of Bordeaux, 1870.
In December 1870, during the siege of Paris, 5 and 2 Franc pieces
were issued at Bordeaux (letter K), bearing instead of an anchor
(privy mark of Albert Barre, Engraver general), a star, on which is
punched an M, Marchais' initial.

MARCHAND (French). Die-sinker, whose signature occurs on a
medal of the Societe de Medecine, of Caen.

MARCHAND, GOTTFRIED (Austr.). Mint-master at Salzburg, 1/09.

MARCHAND, KONRAD (Aitstr.). Mint-master at Salzburg, circ.

MARCHANT. 7ideLE MARCHANT, supra, p. 390.

MARCHANT, NATHANIEL (Brit.). Gem-engraver and Medallist,
born in Sussex in 1739, died in Somerset Place, London, in April
1816, aged 77. He was a pupil of Ed ward Burch, R. A.,andin 1766
became a Member of the Incorporated Society of Artists. In 1773,
he went to Rome, where he studied and worked for sixteen years.
He sent impressions from ancient intaglios to the Royal Academy
trom 1781 to 1785. and continued to exhibit there until 1811. In
1791 he was elected Associate of the Royal Academy, and Acade-
mician in 1809. He was also a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries,
and a Member of the Academies of Stockholm and Copenhagen.

Marchant was employed from about 1782 by the Royal Mint;
not as Engraver of dies, but, under the appellation of Probationer,
or Designer, to make models for L. Pingo and T. Wyon, the engrav-
ers, to copy; and held the office till 1815, when he was superan-
nuated. He was also styled Engraver of H.M's seals.

The earliest coins for which Marchant executed models appear to
be Pingo's Seven Shilling Pieces, 1804, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13,

- 5 6i -

although, we gather, from Ruding, that he was appointed Probation-
er at the Mint in anno 37 of George III. (1797). His head of the
King appears further on the Bank Token Coinage of 1812, consisting
ot 3 sh., i s. 6 d., 9 d., which was continued until 1816 (except
the 9 d. which exists only for 1812) ; Bank of Ireland 10 d. Token,
1813 ; and Guinea(the so-called " Military Guinea ")of 1813, which
is by Thomas Wyon.

Marchant's bust of George III. occurs on Half Guineas of 1804,
1806, 1808-1811, and 1813, and Seven Shilling pieces of same dates!
It was copied by William Wyon on his Pattern Crown of 1817.

Marchant's signature : N. MARCHANT is found also onsome medals,
as on the large gold Peninsular Medal, the tyL of which represent-
ing Britannia, he modelled. The same type occurs on the small gold
Peninsular Medal, which is however unsigned.

"As an Intaglio-engraver," observes Billing, "Marchant was
one of the best and, in a pecuniary point of view, most successful

Head of George III., from Marchant's model.

of the Gem-engravers of the eighteenth century ; his works,
excepting portraits, are all copies from the antique statues in
Rome ; they are all intaglios, except one poor copy, from an obelisk,
of a hieroglyphic Sphinx, which is not a real bas-relief, but
sunken, like the Egyptian one on the staircase of the British
Museum. "

King calls Marchant the chief of English Gem-engravers of the
eighteenth century, and says that he executed many fine works,
both modern portraits, antique heads, and groups in the Greek
style. He adds : " There is much grace and delicacy in his figures,
but the finish of them is too minute to be effective, and consequently
his heads are deficient in boldness and expression. At the sight of
his engravings you become sensible that they were executed with
the aid of a powerful magnifying glass, and they require to be
viewed through such a medium to produce their full effect. This
is a common error with modern engravers, and one of Pichler s
chief merits is that he has avoided it, and that his works, like

L. FORRER. Biographical Nolicts of Medallist!. III.

- 562 -

those of the ancient artists in this line, produce their effect on the
eye at the first glance. Marchant's skill was, however, fully appreciat-

The large gold 'Peninsular Medal'.

ed in his own times; probably from the circumstance of his
carrying on his profession at Rome, and thus becoming known to
wealthy English amateurs, who at all times have preferred to pay
pounds for works of art abroad, rather than as many shillings for
productions of equal merit executed at home. I have seen a Sard,
engraved by him, with two female figures, the one seated, the


other standing by her, apparently portraits, for which he was paid
200 guineas Clarac mentions his having been shown at Otranto a
paste taken from one of Marchant's gems, which, backed with a
slice of Sard after the usual manner of such forgeries, had been sold
at an enormous price to an amateur as a first class Greek work
recently discovered in that locality. "

Marchant's gems are usually signed : MARCHANT- N MAR-

I he artist , says Mr. Wroth, "had a high and well-merited
reputation as a Gem-engraver. His productions are intaglios, and
consist of portraits from the life, and of heads, figures and Croups "
In his style, he successfully imitated the archaic Greek, especially
coins, in its sublime simplicity, but with a little stiffness. (Nader's

Intaglio, by Marchant.

"He published by subscription in 1792, "A Catalogue of one
hundred Impressions jrom Gems engraved by Nathaniel Marchant,
London, 4 to , to accompany a selection of casts of his intaglios.
A number ot his works are described in Raspe's ' Tassie's Gem Cata-
logue '. Various intaglios by him are in the British Museum, but
many of his choicest pieces were made for the Marlborough cabin-
et, and among these may be mentioned his ' Hercules restoring
Alcestis to Admetus ', a commission from the Elector of Saxony,
and a present from him to the Duke of Marlborough. The duke

Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 43 of 49)