L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

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Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 45 of 49)
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dericks (For, i 7 5i-5S; " Half Fredericks dV I 7 53> e
175 1-I753 ; -Half Thalers, 1751; -Half Gulden, 1755 ;-6j
lers, 1751-57; -T^Thalers, 1741, 1751-1755 ;- Gute Groschen,
I7)i 5 1753-55; Sechser,


I' 5508. - Exeter, Versucb tiner Sammlung van

MARMfi, J. W. (Germ.). Medallist of the third quarter of the
eighteenth century', and perhaps a relative of the last. :
GSlden Wedding of I. I. van Westreven and LC.

L. FOKRF.R. - Biographical Nonets of MtdalliM. - HI.

- 57 -

17595 Portrait-medal of Prince Hendrik Friso of Orange; -
Marriage of Prince William V. of Orange with Princess Frederika
Sophia Wilhelmina of Prussia, 1766.

This Engraver's medals are all connected with Holland.

MARMITTA (or MARMITA) the Elder (7/07. ). Painter, Gem-engraver,
and Medallist, of Parma, first part of the sixteenth century. Pupil
of the painter and sculptor, Francesco. He is said to have excelled
in engraving gems after the antique, and to have produced some
works of note.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Mariette, Hisloire desgraveurs en picrres fines, 1750.

MARMITTA. LUIGI (Ital.}. Son of the last, and also a Painter,
Gem-engraver, and Medallist. He was better known by the name
of LUDOVICO DA PARMA, and, as an artist, greatly surpassed his
father. We learn from Vasari that he was in the service of Cardinal
Salviati at Rome, where he distinguished himself by his extraor-
dinary talent, at a period when nothing mediocre would have pass-
ed muster there. He engraved crystal and gems in intaglio and
cameo, his most famous work being a cameo of Socrates, but he did
not confine himself to this branch of art, as is proved by the medals "of
his own invention " which he executed. Bolzenthal mentions that
" some medals of Gregory XIII. and Urban VII. have been attributed
to this artist, but no doubt in error, as it is hardly to be supposed
that he lived and worked until the time of these pontiffs". King
further states that Marmitta abandoned gem-engraving for the more
profitable trade of making dies for imitations of ancient coins.

Luigi Marmitta executed many cameos in imitation of the antique,
which were sometimes bought as antique; one of the most
remarkable is that with a bust of Commodus, which Mariette
describes from the Zanetti collection.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. King, Antique Gems, 1860, p. 265.
Babelon, Pierres grave'es, 1894. Vasari, op. cit. Nagler, Knnstler- Lexicon.
Mariette, op. cit.

MARNAS, BARTHELEMY DE (French). Mint-master, appointed in
1593 by Henry IV., at Montelimar, during the League; he issued
Douzains in the name of Henry IV. in the last months of 1593 and
beginning of 1594.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. E. Faivre, op. cit.

MAROILLES, JEAN DE (French}. Goldsmith, and Mint-engraver ai
Valenciennes, 1368.

MARQUARD, CONRAD (Germ.}. Mint-master at Nordhausen,

- 579

MARQUARD, MICHAEL CHRIST. (Germ.'}. Superior Official at the

Mint of Kremnitz, circ. ijiS.

MARQUART, JEAN BAPTISTS (Belg.}. Assayer-general to the
government of the Netherlands, appointed on 7. June, 1749. At
various times he was instructed to make stamps, seals c\c, in con-
nection with his office.

MARQUART, J. B. C. (Bel*.}. Son of the last; studied metallurgy
under his father, and was sent by the government of the Nether-
lands to learn medal-engraving at the Vienna Mint. Returning after
a few months' stay in Austria, he went to Paris where he resided for
thirteen years. We then find him filling an official post in govern-
ment mining works in Hungary, and in 1764, appointed Warden
of the Brussels Mint. Pinchart describes a medal by him, probably
executed in Austria, of the Archduke Joseph, dated 1755, and
signed : MARQVART F.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. A. Pinchart, Hisloire de la gravtire dts inc'daillcs en Btlgiqut,
1870. Revue beige de ntimismatiqtu, 1896, pp. 140, 249, 269.

MARQUE, GAILLARD DE (Freucb'}. Mint-engraver at Toulouse,

appointed in March, 1533.

MARQUES, ANTONIO (Poring.}. Mint-master and Engraver at Goa,

MARQUES, ANTONIO JOSE (Portug.}. Son and pupil of Amaro
Marques, and Assistant-engraver at the Lisbon Mint, 1758-
V 1780.

MARQUES, JOSE (Portng.). Mint-master at Lisbon, 1794.

MARQUES (or MARQUE) PIERRE (French). Mint-engraver at
Angers, 1461-1469; also Mint-assayer and Engraver at Bordeaux.

MAROTTE, LEON VICTOR (French}. Contemporary Sculptor, born
at Paris ; pupil of A. Lanson, and Pecou. At the Salon of 1896 he
exhibited a Portrait-medallion of Henri Briere ; 1899. Portrait
de ma fille; 1901. Mon Ami B***, &c.

MARRAC, JEHAN DE (French}. Mint-master at Bayonne, circ.
1 508-1 5 1 5. Privy mark : a pellet between anchor and crosslet.

MARREL (French}. Medallist and Engraver of the middle of the
nineteenth century. He took part in the competition tor t


of the Second Republic, 1848, and executed Pattern 20 Francs in
AT. 5 Francs in JR.., and 10 Centimes in JE.

Obv. of Pattern 5 Francs, by Marrel.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. De Saulcy, op. cit.

MARRETTA, GIROLAMO (Ital.). Goldsmith of the first half of the
sixteenth century, whose name is mentioned by Bolzenthal, as one
of the Medallists of that period.

MARRIAN AND GAUSBY (Brit.}. Die-sinkers of Birmingham, dur-
ing the early portion of Queen Victoria's reign. They issued a series
of Pattern pieces, comprising : 10, 5, 2 and i Cents, 1846 in A/",
^R. and L (of which many restrikes exist); - - One Centum,
1846, in tin, &c. All these patterns read : MARRIAN & GAUSBY. D.
BIRM. beneath the head of the Queen, and the legend on tyL is :

BIBLIOGRAPHY. S. M. Spink, Catalogue of Mr. Montagu's Collection of Coins
from George I. to Victoria, London, 1890.

MARSCHALL, D r GOTTFRIED (Anstr.}. Publisher of a medal,
engraved by Leisek, on the Jubilee of H. H. Pope Leo XIII.,

Medallist, born at Vienna on the 3 rd ot December 1873 ; studied at
the School of Engraving under Professors Schwarz,Schulmeister, and
Zapf. In 1891 he was awarded a First Prize (silver medal) by the
Commercial and Industrial Institute of Lower- Austria; then the
bronze and silver medals of the Engravers' Association, for model-
ling, drawing and engraving. After an absence ot some duration,
during which Marshall visited the principal artistic centres of
Europe, he returned to Vienna, and became a pupil of the Aca-
demy of Decorative Arts, devoting three years to the study of medallic
art under the special supervision of Prof. Tautenhayn. During that
time, he obtained numerous prizes, amongst which the gold Fiiger
Medal. In 1898 he left the Academy, and has since produced numer-

- S 8i -

ous works, not only in medallic art, but also in sculpture and stat-

The following are Marschall's best known medallic produc-
tions : 1893. Silver Wedding ot Matthaeus and Hermine Mar-
schall (cast, 155 mill.); - 1894. Cast Portrait-plaquette of Franx
Gahler (155 mill.); Portrait-plaquette of Marie Urban

(155 mill.); 1896. Lady's Pendant, representing country

people playing music (95x95x230 mill.); - 1897. Portrait-
plaquette of Antonio Tomasone (145 X 200 mill.); - - Lady's
Pendant, Historia Vindobonensis (68 X 68 X 190 mill.) ; Chris-
tina Martino, medal (150 mill.); - Franz Lahner, plaquette
(160x198 mill.); - - Albert Braunlich, plaquette (240X195

Portrait-plaquette, by Prof. R. Marschall.

mill.); - Anton Kreuzig, plaquette (142 X 240 mill.); - Anton

Robert, plaquette (cast, 143 X 196 mill .; struck 41 XS/ M

~'~ r a , i _r T u Lewinsky (cast, 152 mill., struck,

ft 40); Frau Suchanek (plaquette, cast, 12!

D' Ludwig Koessler (plaquette, cast ,28x 187 mill.); -jjgjj

Max Schaffner (cast, 1 57 mill. ; struck, 6 1 m.ll.) ; -

Francis Joseph I. (plaquette, cast, 153 X 223 mill.; struck 63 X 93
mill., illustrated'):, yo th Anniversary of H. M. Emperor Francis
Joseph I. (cast, 185 mill.; struck, 29 mill.); - Baroness M. von
Ebner-Eschenbach (cast., 160 mill. ; struck, 58 mill.); C. Karl-
weiss (plaquette, cast. 135 X 193 mill.); Paul Heyse (plaquette,

Portrait-plaquette ofH. M. Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria, &c.

cast, 120x175 mill.; struck. 50X75 mill.); - 1901. Emerich
Robert (cast, 500 mill.); D r Gustav Tschermak (cast, 185 mill.;
struck, 50 mill); - V. Mayer (cast, 500 mill. ; H. H. Pope
Leo XIII., in commemoration of the Holy Year 1900 (cast,
200 mill.; struck, 34 mill.); D r Heinrich R. von Wittek

- 583 -

(plaquette, 211X315 mill; struck, 43 - 64 mill.); - Commem-
orative Plaquette of the Inauguration of the Goethe Monument
at Vienna (cast, 198x285 mill.; struck, 52X75 mill.); 1902.
Medal of the Viennese Academy of Sciences commemorating the
Golden Wedding of the Archduke and Archduchess Rainer (struck,

Joseph Lewinski,

60 mill.); - H.I. H. Archduke Rainer (plaquette); -Rifle Meet-
ing Prize Medal, with bust ot H I H the Arch ^chess Mane
(sfruck, 37 mill); - School Prize Medal (30 mill ); -
Ritter von Stremavr (plaquette, cast, 59X58 mill. ; ~ 'go* Prof.
Adolph Friedrich/phquette (6c .mill.); - International E,
"fur Spiritus-Verwertung und Garungs-Gewerbe , Vi

- 584-

50 th Anniversary o'f the Semmering Railway; - - K. K. Consular
Academy, 1906; D r Joseph Scholz, plaquette, 1906.

D r Friedrich Kenner, 1899.

- 585 -

At the Paris Universal Exposition, i9OO,Marschall was awarded
the bronze medal. A writer in Num. Circular. 1901, col. 4893, makes
the following comment on this clever artist's work : " Dem
Schopfer solch idealer Bilder mussen die Musen ihren Weihekuss auf
die Stirn gedriickt haben. Allein das Verdienst des also Bevorzugten
liegt in seinem Fleisse, seinem Talente erst Wert verleiht, denn
nur durch diese war es moglich, dass Marschall in so jungen

Obv. ot Medal ,of H. H. Pope Leo XIII., 1901.

Tahren schon so Bedeutendes geleistet und so viele Erfolge aufzu-
weisen hat, welcheleicht zu Selbstiiberhebung, die gleichbedeutend
mit Stillstand und Riickgang im Schaffen eines Kunstlers
fuhren konnten. Bei Marschall ist dies nicht m furchten, denn
aehort zu ienen Kiinstlern, die stets an ihren ejgenen Arb
strengste Kritik iiben, die sich nie oder selcen mit ihren . Letungc,
zufrieden geben und an ihrer kunstlcnschen VenRoOhmmog
unermiidlich weiter arbeiten. Auf seinen Reisen durch Deutschland,

- 586 -

Frankreich und Italian hat er mannigfache Gelegenheit zu interes-
santen Studien gefunden, der stete Vergleich mit den besten
Werken alter und neuer Meister hat ihm einen Maasstab fur seine
eigenen Schopfungen gegeben und ihm den \veiten Weg vorge-
zeichnet, den er auf seiner kiinstlerischen Laufbahn noch zuriick-
zulegen hat. "

BIBLIOGRAPHY. A. von Loehr, Wiener Medailleiire, 1899, an ^ Nacbtrjg,
1902. Mitth. des Klubs, &c., 1898-1904. Monatsblatt der num. Geselhchift in
Wien, 1900-4. Numismatic Circular, October 1901, pp. 4889-4895. Dom-
pierre de Chaufepie, op. cit., II, III. Die Moderne Medaille, 1900. The Studio,
XXII, 231 ; XXVIII, 300. Reiwe de V Art ancien el itioderne, II, 1900, 40.

MARSCOYS, PIERRE (Belg.). Goldsmith and Seal-engraver at
Brussels, circ. 1472.

MARSHALL, 0. (Brit.). Designer of a medal, engraved by
J. Moore, commemorating the Meeting of the British Association
at Cheltenham, 6. Aug. 1856. It bears on obv. a bust of Charles
Giles Bridle Daubeny, M. D. (1795-1867).

MARSHOORN, GERARD (GERRIT) (Dutch.). Medallist of Haarlem,
first half of the eighteenth century. His signature is found on
various medals, and he worked for the Hereditary Stadholder,
Willem IV. The Portrait-pieces of Lorenz J. Coster, typographer
of Haarlem (1740) are his best known productions, and I have seen
by him also Portrait-medals of Prince Willem Karel Hendrik
Friso, 1747, on his first Stadholderate; (sev. var.) Commemo-
rative medals of the Treaties of Peace of Miinster and Aix-la-
Chapelle, 1748; - - Medal of the Rifle Club of Haarlem, 1747
(signed : GERRIT MARSHOORN); - The New year, 1752, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Nagler, Monogmmmisten, III, n 198. Bolzenthal, op. cit.
Van Loon, op. cit.

MARSON, EUGENE (French). Contemporary Sculptor, born at
Troyes; pupil of L. Maynot. In 1882 he exhibited at the Salon a
Portrait-medallion of M. Stadler.

MART. (//a/.). Signature on a commemorative medal of the
Anglo-franco-piedmontese Alliance, with bust of Victor Emma-
nuel II.

MART. SA. OP. (ltd.). Perhaps MARTINO DA SAVONA. This
signature occurs on a circular plaque, with bust of Girolamo
Conestaggi, dated MDXCjdiam. 59X45 mill.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit., I, 299 ; III, 145.

MARTEAU or MARTO, FRANCISCO (French?). Mint-engraver at
Lisbon, appointed on 29. October 1721. Aragao mentions that on
a document of 1722 his name occurs as Marto.

MARTEAU, FRANQOIS JOSEPH (French}. Goldsmith and Medallist
Of Pans, ctrc. 1720-1759. He engraved several medals, usually

andlXV MARTEAU F ' r F " M " f thC SeriCS f mdals f Louis X'V
Marteau's best known medals are : Battle of Fomenoy i-i;
(signed : /. M. on obv. and M on #.; illustrated)', - French Cam-
paign of 1745 (#.. by J. C. Rocttiers); - Battle of Rocoux

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745.

1746 ($L byj. C. Roettiers); Battle of Lawfeldt, 1747 (scv. var.V
- Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1748 ($L by J. C. Roettiers); Loss

Loss of Minorca, 1756.

of Minorca, 1756 (ty! signed : L. LEON, illustrated) \ - Jetons,
with bust of Louis XV. (signed F. M., M., fm. &c.) ; Franco-
American Jeton, 1756; ^ICOL.FRANC.DE L'AM. 1756; signed
on obv. ni) ; - Philip L., Baron von Stosch, German archaeolo-
gist, 1727; - - Louis XV., 1745, on the Marriage of Princess
Maria Theresa of Spain with the Dauphin (ty, by J. C. Roettiers);


Academy of Dijon, 1740 ; Societe academique de Chirurgie,
Paris, 1731 and 1741; - Illness of Louis XV. at Metz, 1744; -
Recovery of Louis XV., 1744(2 var.) ; - Assistance rendered to
the Elector of Bavaria, 1741 (f$L by J. C. R.) ; Audience of
the Turkish Embassy, 1742 ($L by Duvivier); - The Italian
Campaign, 1744 (fyL by Roettiersjun.); Capture ofFurnes, 1744;

- French Astronomical Mission to the Equatorial regions and the
North Pole, 1744; Capture of Berg-op-Zoom, 1747; - - Battle
of Lawfeldt, 1747 ; Melchior de Polignac, French cardinal, 1730 ;

- Jeton of the Chamber of Commerce of Bordeaux, 1750(2 var.);

Head of Louis XV. (#. by J. C. Roettiers; DEPVLSA MOLE
RESVRGET Mercury raising the City of Lyons, 1760); Taking of
Meenen by the French, 1744 (2 var.); - Ypres captured by the
French, 1744 (2 var.); Furnes taken by the French 1744 ($L by
J. C. Roettiers); - Tournay taken by the French, 1745; -
Louis XV., Campaign in South Netherlands, 1745 (L by J. C.
Roettiers); French Campaign in Italy, 1745 (by J. C. Roettiers
Jun.); The French take Brussels, 1746; Capture of Brussels,
Antwerp, Jemmapes, Bergen, Namur and Charleroi, 1746;
Taking of Berg op Zoom, 1748, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot, op. cit. Franks and Grueber, op. cit, Belts,
op. cit. Ammon, op. cit. n 64. Fayolle, Nnmismatique de la Cbambre de com-
merce de Bordeaux.

MARTEAU, JEHAN DE (French}. Mint-master at Angers, previous
to 14. June 1355.

MARTEAU, NICOLAS (French}. Goldsmith of Charleville, circ. 1609-
1621. He was employed as Engraver at the Mint of Charleville,
under Charles de Gonzague, Duke of Nevers, and in 1619 was
appointed Master of the Mint at Mangienne, in succession to
Claude Bailly, under Charles de Lorraine-Chaligny, bishop of
Verdun. He fled in 1621, and returned to Charleville.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot, op. cit. Mazerolle, op. cit.

MARTENISE, VIRGILIO (ltd.'}. Mint-master at Naples, circ. 1731,
under the Emperor Charles VI. His initials V. M. and that of Ariania
(A) Mint-warden, occur on Thalers of that date.

MARTENS, JEAN BAPTISTE (Belg.). Contemporary Sculptor, born
at Wonterghem (Belgium) ; pupil of V. Vilain and the Ecole des
Beaux- Arts, Paris. The following medallic productions were exhib-
ited by him at the Salon: 1 86 1. Portrait-medallion of M. P. J. R. ***;
1864. Portrait-medallion of M. le Comte de H.*** ; - - 1866.
Portrait-medallion of the artist's father and mother ; - - Portrait-

medallion of Jules Favre; 1870. Portrait-medallion of a young

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chavignerie et Auvray, op. cit.

MARTENS, MICHAEL (Germ.}. Mint-master at Wismar, 1622-1623.

MARTERSTECKEN, BURKHARD (Germ.}. Mint-master at Saalfeld,


MARTERSTECKEN, HEINRICH (Germ.}. Mint-master at Weimar
and Gotha, 1463.

MARTI, ROSSLER & LAUE (Swiss}. A firm of Medal-publishers at
Berne; successors of Durussel. They have issued a number of
Sporting and Agricultural medals, badges, &c.

MARTIN, BARTHOLOMAUS (Gcnn.}. Mint-master at Wachenheim,

MARTIN, CHARLES (French}. Mint-master at Bordeaux, 1537-
1541 ; was appointed Engraver at the Mint, 4. April 1540(1541).
Jean Dusondo became his assistant, 5. June 1542.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot, op. cit.

MARTIN, C. (French}. Medallist of the seventeenth century, whose
signature : C. MARTIN; C. M. F. or C. M. F. occurs on various
medals; amongst them on a Portrait-piece of Pierre Caignart
(diam. 54 mill.), reproduced in Rondot, Graveurs et Medailleurs ,
PI. xxxu, fig. 4.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot, op. cit.


MARTIN, DIEGO (Span.}. Goldsmith of the fourth quarter of the
sixteenth century, about whom Bolzenthal (p. 173) gives the
following particulars : " Towards the end of the sixteenth century,
an artist, who might pass for a second Cellini, worked for the
Electoral Court of Brandenburg, in the reign of the Markgrave
John George. A cloud seems to rest over his name and history,
which we may perhaps succeed in dispelling. Might he not be
identified in the Spanish goldsmith, Diego Martin, whose works
for the Electoral Count are of great beauty and fineness. Two
medals may be ascribed to him, of the well-known Count Rochi
of Lynar. One of them has on the obverse the arms of 'the r Count
with the legend : ROCH'GRAF ZV-UNAR-MEW-HOFNVG-
ZV'GOT and on reverse, the emblem of two hands clas H^ (
date is 1578, and the Spanish inscription reads : RA (me);EST<

590 -

medal bears a portrait of the Count and his consort, Anna of Montot.
It is true that neither of these productions display that skilful hand,
assurance and practice one would expect to find in Martin's work.
Diego does not appear to have remained very long in the service
of the Elector, for after his residence at the Count ot Lynar at
Spandau, in 1580, every trace disappears of his life and doings in
the Electorate. At the end of the sixteenth century, a silver worker
of the name of Martin, was employed in England, according to
Walpole, but it is hardly possible to identify him with the Spanish

" Diego Martin was succeeded at the Electoral Court by Peter
Wolff, who in 1583 was appointed Court-Goldsmith, Gem-engraver,
and Assayer, and who also cut dies for coins. "

Sculptor, Medallist and Gem-engraver, born at Neuilly (Seine);
pupil of Fossey andMerley. By him are the following works : 1866.
Modesty, cameo in pietra dura; - 1867. Portrait- cameo of
Leopold I., King of the Belgians; - - 1868. Two cameos in onyx :
Marie Antoinette at the Conciergerie, and Portrait of M me B***; -
1869. Portrait-medallion in bronze of M me M***; - - Portrait-
of the artist, cameo ; Female head, study, a cameo ; Female
head, study, 'a cameo; 1870. Empress Josephine, cameo in

onyx; 1873. Bacchante, onyx cameo.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chavignerie et Auvray, op. oil,

MARTIN, GUILLAUME (French}. Moneyerat the Mint of Saint-L6,

MARTIN, GUILLAUME (French}. Sculptor, Goldsmith, and Engraver
of Paris, whose period of activity is comprised between circa 1558
and 1590, which latter date is supposed to be that of his death.
Although somewhat inferior to Etienne de Laulne, as an artist, he
nevertheless ranks amongst the first Masters of the early French
Renaissance Medallic School. On the 24. March 1557 (1558) the
Cour des Monnaies authorized him, at the same time as Claude de
Hery " a faire chef-d'oeuvre de tailleur et graveur general ", but the
work of his competitor obtained the preference.

Martin's first production on record is a gold medal, commissioned
by Henry II., in 1558, with the King's bust, which was to be
presented, after the treaty of Cateau-Cambresis, to the German
troops in his service. Specimens exist in silver, which give a very
good idea of the artist's style.

In the same year, the artist was entrusted with the execution of
dies with portraits and emblems of Francis II. and Mary Stuart
( " des coins pour meetre en tenailles, pour monnoyer et faire

pieces de monnoyes a leurs portraits et devises, etc. ") A silver
piece, in the Cabinet des Medailles, corresponds to this description"

Medal of Henry II., 1558.

7,- V Patt t em r C T r a medal rather
. It is the work of a clever engraver.

a real

Jeton,or Pattern Coin of Francis II. and Mary Stuart.

Seven years later, Martin was commissioned to prepare dies for
" large gold pieces often Ecus " with busts of the King (Charles IX)

Medal of Charles IX. and Catherine de' Medici.

- 592 -

and Dowager Queen. None of these are extant, but a silver piece
of 1565, in the French National Collection, was no doubt struck
from the same dies.

To the same Engraver, Mazerolle ascribes several medals, all in
silver, with portraits of Henry II., Catherine de' Medici and their

Catherine de' Medici and her three sons.

sons. The puncheon of the bust of Henry II. (1558) was used for
a restitution medal, the I$ of which represents Diana and bears the
date, 1552. With a similar puncheon of Catherine de' Medici,
preserved in the Paris Mint Museum, various medals were struck.
The I$L of Martin's medal of 1565 is also used as the obv. of a
piece which shows on }$L the monogram JHC under a crown. The

- 593

head of the same Queen occurs \vith a bust of Henry II. (1558),
and under the reign of Henry III., with the busts face to face of
Henry III. and Charles IX. By Martin are no doubt also the t\vo
struck medals of Catherine de' Medici }$L Bust of Francis II.,
Charles IX., and Henry III. (illustrated), and Henry II., 1559
]$L Fame blowing her trumpet (illustrated). This last medal displays
uncommonly fine work and is of charming taste.

Medal of Henry II., 1559,

On the death of Marc Bechot, Engraver-general of the coins

i5SS) Martin applied for his post, but, as we have seen, Claude

e Hery was appointed. The artist's merit however obtained

recognition under the reign of Charles IX., when in 1565 he was

granted, by letters patent, the right of cutting dies for the coins of

the Kingdom, and a yearly stipend of three hundred livres. The

creation of this novel office raised strong objections on the part

Obv. of Teston of Jeanne d'Albret.

of the Cour des Monnaies, and it is difficult to say \thether the
artist ever really exercised his right.

In 1565, Martin engraved dies for the Ducats and Testons of
Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, and contemporary documents
prove that he filled the office of Engraver-general of the coins of
Navarre, circ. 1564-1571. In 1565 he engraved twojetons with bust

L. FORRKR. Biographical Notices of Mtdnllisli. III.

- 594 -

of Jeanne d'Albret (one. illustrated). The f Teston is by him also,
and probably various other coins of Navarre. The original puncheon
of Jeanne d'Albret's Teston is preserved in the Paris Mint Museum.
Both Brucher and Beaucousin seem to have engraved dies from models
or puncheons by Martin.

~SE - >v ' /" ' ' - '

Jf * ' '
-2= > - -:.

JCii^?' ' <<'..',">'"'

Jeton of Jeanne d'Albret.

" Guillaume Martin ", observes Mazerolle " doit occuper dans
1'histoire des medailleurs une place honorable a cote de Marc Bechot
et d'Etienne de Laune. II n'a pas toute 1'ampleur, encore italienne

Enlargement of the Jeton by Guillaume Martinet Francis and Mary,
(executed in the XVII. Cent., by an unknown artist).

de Bechot/mais il egale au moins Etienne de Laune par la purete
de son style et la suave expression de ses figures. Son oeuvre
personnifie, avec celles d'Etienne de Laune et a Antoine Brucher,
cette belle Renaissance francaise, qui, se degageant peu a peu -de
I'influence italienne, atteint sa pleine maturite dans la seconde
moitie du xvi e siecle "

- 595 -

The puncheons and dies which still exist of Guillaume Martin
show him to have been an Engraver of real talent, but who however
comes second to Etienne de Laune (F/Wf Rondot, op. cit., p. 220).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. . Mazerolle, Etienne de Laune et Guillaume Mai tin, Gazette

Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 45 of 49)