L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) online

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on the Tarentine dies... The signature K undoubtedly belongs to
the same engraver, who at a slightly later date attaches his signature
to some of the noblest of the Tarentine types, indifferently with
the initial K and the fuller form KAA".

37. JR.. Didrachm. Obv. Horseman advancing to 1. in crested
helmet, holding reins in r. hand, shield and spear in 1. ; beneath
horse, A.

^L. Taras holding trident on shoulder; beneath, K and waves.

Evans, type H. B. M. Cat., n 193. Vlasto, 1901,
loc. cit., PL z, 5.

On a Didrachm of Period V of Evans (B.C. 334-302) we also
meet with the signature KAA.

38. JR*. Didrachm. Obv. Phalantosin crested helmet, on canter-
ing horse to 1., and covering himself with a large round shield on
which is a dolphin ; in field to 1. A ; beneath horse, KAA.

]$L. Taras, of infantine Dionysiac type, astride, &c. to L, holding
distaff in 1. hand and his r. resting on dolphin's head ; in field tol.
COI ; to r., trident.

Evans, type C, i. Cfr. B. M. Cat., n 271.

D r Evans' judicious remarks and reasons for considering the signa-
tures KAA, 01, API &c. as those of Engravers may be quoted here
to explain their introduction into the present work : " The private

L. FORRER. Biographical Notices of Medallists. III. 8

character of the moneyer's industry explains how it is that the same
signatures appear on the coins of different cities, it being natural
that an 'Apyupsxizs; who had earned a reputation as a good
engraver, should at times obtain employment even from remote
quarters. But where a system of this kind prevailed and the coinage
of the State, instead of issuing as at Athens from a central mint,
was entrusted to private enterprise, it became the more necessary
that the individual pieces should receive the guarantee of the
moneyer or firm of moneyers, ^ho had made themselves responsible
for their sterling weight and standard, as well as their artistic
excellence. A coiner, who was also his own die-sinker, signed in
both qualities. It was open to him in some cases, if he was a great
artist, to lay stress on that side of his character and sign upon a
coin as he might upon a gem. But local custom, or the accident of
the type he had to deal with, was not always favourable to the
adoption of such a practice. In cities where private moneyers
supplied the public needs, it may well have been required by law
that the signature that authenticated the coin and fixed the respon-
sibility [of the individual should be made clearly manifest. So at
Velia we find both Philistion and Kleudoros, although on one side
of the coin they follow the purely artistic tradition, signing conspi-
cuously enough en the other side with the first letters of their
names, and in a style which recalls the contemporary Tarentine
practice. At Tarentum itself, whether owing to special regulations
.on the part of the State or to natural causes inherent in the type,
this seems to have been the only form of signature current, if we
except some microscopic signatures of KAA and <j>|.

" It is a form which emphasizes the official responsibility ot the
moneyer in all his capacities. But it covers his artistic qualifications;
it does not exclude the possibility of his having achieved fame in
other fields as an engraver, and where we find, as in the case of
KAA... of API... or of <J)|... a signature associated with excellent
work, we have as much right to place him in the rank of artistic
engravers as if he had hidden his name in some part of the

" No one doubts that the small and concealed signatures of an
earlier period, such as those represented by the great Sicilian works
of the close of the fifth and beginning ot the fourth century, have
a purely artistic value. They belong to a time when, whether owing
to the monetary system then in vogue or to other causes, it was
not thought necessary for moneyers as such to attach their sign
manual. When we find a signature of this kind we have a right to
exclaim, "It is an engraver's signature, and therefore an artist's ".
But, as we see from the Tarentine series, a practice grew up during
the fourth century of engravers initialling every single piece. At

times, as in the case of the Velian coins referred to, they continue
or revive the older practice of interweaving their name full-length,
or in an abbreviated form, with some part of the design. But even
in such a case as this they usually repeat their signature in its more
official form on the other side of the same coin.

" At times, as atThurioi, \ve are able to trace a regular transition
from signatures of the old artistic character to the regulation stamp.
But to seize on this difference of type as a proof that the later
signatures are not those of the engravers of the dies is to mistake the
point at issue. The truth is, that during the later period with which
we are specially concerned, it is not the lack of engravers' signatures
that should cause perplexity, but their abundance. There are some
who, from the noble style of their designs, the gem-like finish of
their work, and the fact that they were employed by different cities,
evidently enjoyed an artistic reputation in their own day although
they may not have signed in the older artistic fashion. There are
others, such as the die-sinker who signs EY at Tarentum, who, by
the evidence of their own work, have no claim to rank as artists.
But to take the last-named example as a crucial test, the very gross-
ness of the features that characterize the coins signed EY proclaims
identity of handiwork. The magistrates' names that occur beneath
the horses on this group of coins continually vary, but the signature
in the field and the style of engraving go hand in hand ; they come
in and they depart together. It is an engraver's signature, but not
an artist's ".


M. Vlasto has suggested that this same Engraver KAA or K may
have executed some coin-dies for Thurium.

39. J&. Didrachm. Obv. Head of Pallas to r., wearing necklace
and crested Athenian helmet, on the side of which, Skylla, holding
trident ; on flap of helmet, K.

1$L. ttQYPIHN. Bull with r. fore-leg raised, and tail erect, butting
to r. ; in ex., dolphin tor.

B. M. Cat., Italy, p. 293, n 19. Vlasto, 1901, loc. '/.,
PI. G', n 20.

The engraver K has placed in the hand of Skylla, instead of the usual
oar or stone a trident which is identical with that seen in the hand of

Taras on coins of Tarentum by KAA or K, and on ]$L. in ex. a dol-
phin instead of the tunny-fish.

40. ^R. Didrachm. Obv. Head of Pallas to r., wearing necklace
and crested Athenian helmet, on the side of which, Skylla, with her
hand to her head ; K on flap of helmet.

}$L. OOYPIHN. Bull, with r. fore-foot raised, and tail erect,
butting to r. ; in ex., tunny-fish to r. ; on rump of bull K.

B. M. Cat., Italy, p. 292, n 53. Vlasto, 1901, loc. cit. y
Pl.c', n 21.

Raoul Rochette had noticed the signature K on bull's rump and
suggested its attribution to Kleudoros, whose abbreviated signature
was however always KAEYin monogram and never Y^.(Vide supra}.

KALCHER, ANTON (AustrJ). Goldsmith and Silversmith of
St. Polten, born on the 12 th June 1800, died on the 12 th October
1 86 1. He engraved a medal, with bust of Christ on obv. and
allegorical representation on ty,., commemorating the Educational
Institute founded by Kalcher for the poor of St. Polten.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Mittheil. des Klubs, &c., 1890, p. 113.

KALDENBACH (Germ.}. Signature of a Die-sinker, which is met
with on German military decorations.

KALLAI, DAVID (Austr.). Coin-dealer and Medal-publisher,

Portrait-medal of D' Adolf Jellinek.

residing at Vienna. He edited amongst others a Portrait-medal ot
D r Adolf Jellinek, chief Rabbi and Preacher of the Jewish Commu-
nity in Vienna, 1893, also a commemorative medal of Andreas
Hofer, etc.

K ALLEN, PETER PAUL VON (Germ.}. Gem-engraver at Breslau,
circa 1674.

KALTSCHMIDT, JOHANN KONRAD (Germ.}. Goldsmith of Augs-
burg, was Mint-master at Heidelberg 1733-1735, and Stuttgart,

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Mitth. der bayerischen Numismatischen Geselhclxift, 1900.

KAMM, JEAN DANIEL (French'). Die-sinker of Strassburg, end ot
the eighteenth century, (circ. 1768-1790). His signature KAMM. F.
occurs on a variety of the medal struck in commemoration of the
election of Philippe Frederic Dietrich, First Mayor of Strassburg,
5. February 1790, and also on the following : Mausoleum of the
Marechal de Saxe, in St. Thomas Church, Strassburg; Portrait-
medal of J. B. Schoepflin, 1771; Exhibition of a Rhinoceros at
Strassburg, 1748, &c.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Hennin, Histoire nitmisniatique de la Revolution, 1826.
Rondot & De La Tour, Les Medaillenrs et les Graveitrs de Monnaies, Jetons et
Me'dailles en France, Paris, 1904.

KAMMERERorCAMERER, JOBST (Germ.}. Goldsmith of Hall, in
Saxony, who sent to the Nuremberg Council a Portrait-medal,
gilt and chased, of the Emperor Ferdinand I., for which he received
the sum of 12 Thalers, on 22. April 1557.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. D" 1 Friedrich Kenner, Urkundliche Beitrage \ur Geschichtc der
Mun^en u. Medaillen, Num. Zeit. 1903.

KAMMERER (Germ.} Medal-engraver who worked for Gottfried
Drentwett at Augsburg, circa 1850-1869.

KAMMLEIN or KEMLEIN, STEPHAN (Germ.}. Mint-master at
Nuremberg, 1532-1547; Jagerndorf, 1557; and Schwabach, 1560.
His distinctive sign was a lion holding a small comb in lorepaw.

KAMPFHAUSEN, ANTON (Germ.}. Mint-master at Diisseldorf,
1749-1766. His initials A. K. occur on Ducats struck by him.

KAN ATEN (Indian}. Gem-engraver, un'der the Moghul Emperor
Shah Jehan (1627-1666). His signature occurs on a beautiful cameo
in the Paris Cabinet, representing Shah Jehan cutting in two with
his sword a lion devouring a man lying prostrate under its claws
(sardonyx of three strata).

The subject of this fine gem, observes M. Babelon, is evidently
inspired from the myth of Hercules strangling the lion.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Babelon, La Gravure en Pierres fines, Paris, 1894.

KANDLER, JOHANN (Austr.}. Mint-master at Plan, under the
Counts of Schlick, 1625-1641. He issued Double Thalers, Thalers,


Half and Quarter Thalers and Groschen, with the distinctive
symbol, a small can, accompanied by his initials I. C.

BIBUOGRAPHY. Eduard Fiala, Das Mun^u'esen der Grafen Scblick, Num. Zeit.,

KANGSDORF (Germ.'). This Die-sinker's initial K occurs on a
member's jewel of the Masonic Lodge " Minerva " ot the three
Palms, Leipzig; dated 1766.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Marvin, Masonic Medals, 1880.

KAPFER (Germ.}. This Die-sinker's signature is found on the JfyL
of a medal of Maria Theresia, commemorating the Peace of Huberts-
burg, 1763, the obv. of which is by Hedlinger.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Katalog der Mun^en-und Medaillen-Stenipel-Samtnlung des
K. K. Hauptmfittfamtes, Wien, 1502.

KAPLAN, FERDINAND (Austr.}. Mint-master at Prague, in conjunc-
tion with Wolf Pellety, 1694 CO-
KAPLAN, MICHEL (Russ.}. Contemporary Sculptor, born at
Odessa; pupil of Falguiere and H. Daillion. By him are various Por-
trait-medallions in bronze; amongst others : M" c Marie Anne de Bo-
vet; M me M. V***, etc.

KAPP, MICHAEL (Germ.}. Goldsmith of Mayence, Mint-warden,
there, 1629.

KAPPEYNE, PIETER (Dutch}. Mint-master at Middelburg, 1725-

KAPPLAN, DAVID (Germ.}. Mint-master at Saalfeld, Saxony, 1622.

KAPPLAN, HERMANN (Germ.}. Mint-warden at Saalfeld, 1595-

KARIUS, FRIEDRICH (Germ.). Goldsmith and Medallist at Erfurt,
arc. 1817.

KARL, FRANZ (Austr.}. Mint-engraver at Vienna, 1823-1845.

KARL, HEINRICH (Austr.}. Medallist at Vienna, first half of the
nineteenth century. His signature occurs on the following medals :
Battle of Leipzig, 1813; Prize Medal of the Oswald School at
Mautern, 1803 ; Prize Medal of the English Young Ladies'
Boarding School at St. Polten, 1816; - - Visit of the Emperor
Francis Joseph I. to Nagy-Banya, 1852 ; X. Congress of Hunga-
rian Physicians atNeusohl, 1842 (In Boston Coll"), etc.

His usual signature was H. K. F.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Katalog der Mim^eti u. Mcdaillen, &c.

KARLSTEEN, ARFVID (Swede}. (1654-1718). VideVo\. I, p. 212.

-^ 119

We read in Bolzenthal, p. 237 : " The Court of Stockholm
employed an artist, Arvid Karlsten, who in his time received
excessive distinction. Born at Karlskoga in Vermland, 1647, he had
in his early youth made himself so well acquainted with the Art
that he was enabled to pursue his studies in foreign countries; in
Paris^ under Varin, and in London under John Roettier. After he
had finished them, he obtained celebrity in Berlin and Dresden,
but he however left Germany for love of his native country. He
was much esteemed and was soon after raised to the nobility
(1692); this he truly deserved as he was so much above his contem-
poraries. He highly respected his teacher Varin, although his style
approaches in a singular manner to that of John Roettier. As to
the excellence of his works, it appears to us that he was not equal
to his countryman Raymund Faltz ; but like him he excelled in
engraving portraits, wherein both were wonderfully successful.





Portrait-medal of Afvid Karlsteen, by Hedlinger.

Karlsten undertook a series of medals of the kings of Sweden,
beginning with Gustavus Wasa and ending with Charles XII. They
are about 2 inches in size. His remaining works relate to kings of
Sweden, under whom he lived, to Louis XIV. of France, to the
Elector Frederick III. of Brandenburg, to Ernest Augustus of
Hanover, and to many private persons, &c. This artist was 64 years
old when he died (1718). "

Karlsteen's usual signature is ^^ or K. It occurs also on
copper-plate engravings and miniature paintings. His medal series of
Swedish Kings from Gustavus I. to Charles II. is well known.

This celebrated artist is the author of the following medals :
GUSTAVUS I., War and Peace medals (4 var.) ; Commemoration of
the Reformation; The King's son, hereditary Prince ; ERIC XIV.,
Naval Victory over the Danes; The King's Motto; Astrological
Studies; Abdication, 1568; JOHN III. , The two brothers John and


Charles; Coronation; SIGISMUND of Poland, King of Sweden
(2 var.); CHARLES IX., Commemoration of the Confession of
Augsburg; The Constitution (2 var.); Portrait-medal, dated
1606 ; GUSTAV ADOLPHUS II., Peace with Denmark ; Marriage
with Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg; Battle of Liitzen; Accession
of Queen Christina, Portrait-medal ; CHRISTINA, Accession ;
Matri Castrorum ; Naval Victory over the Danes, 1644 ; Peace
of Westphalia (2 var.); - - Coronation 20. October 1650 (one
variety illustrated}; The Queen at Upsala, 1654 ( sev - var -) '>
Jonas Hambraeus ; Portrait-medal, NEC . FALSO.NEC. ALIENO ;
Another, NE.MI.BISOGNA.NE.MI.BASTA ; Another, SVF-
FICIT ; CHARLES X. GUSTAVUS, Marriage with Hedvig Eleonora
of Holstein-Gottorp at Stockholm, 24. October 1654 ; The King's
Journey to Zeeland with the Crown Prince, 1658(5 var.) ; Peace
with Denmark, 26. February 1658 (3 var.); Death at Goteborg,

Medal of Queen Christina, by A. Karlsteen.

13. February 1660; Portrait-medal; Charles Gustavus, Hedvig
Eleonora and Charles XI. (2 var.) ; HEDVIG ELEONORA, as Queen
Regent ; Peace of Oliva ; Peace of Kardis ; 74 th Birthday ;
Portrait-medal; The Queen and her son Charles XI; -
CHARLES XL, The King receives the Order of the Garter, 1669; -
Beginning of reign, 18. December 1672 (3 var.), }$L. LVSTRATIS
FINIBVS (sev. var.); Coronation at Upsala, 28. September 1675
(8 var.); - Victory over the Danes at Lund, 4. December 1676
(7 var.) ; Victories over the Danes at Halmstad, Lund and Lands-
krona (2 var.) ; Peace with Denmark and Betrothal of the King
with Princess Ulrica Eleonora, 1679 (3 var.); Sweden's Prospe-
rity under King Charles XL (6 var.); Marriage of the King with
Princess Ulrica Eleonora, 6 May, 1680; - Birth of Prince Charles,
17. June 1682; Opening of the Riksdag, 7. October 1682 (2 var.);


Birth of Prince Gustavus, 1683 ; The King's Visit to the Sil-
ver mines at Sahlberg, 1687 (3 var.) ; Sweden's Prosperity and
Independence, 1687 (6 var.); The Royal Castle at Stockholm,
1692; Jubilee Festivities at Upsala, 1693 (3 var.); The
King's Visit to Vesterbotten to see the midnight sun, 1694 ( 2 var -) ;

- Death of the King at Stockholm, 5. April 1697, and funeral,

24. November (5 var.) ; Portrait-medal of Charles XL; Por-
trait-medal of the King and Queen (5 var.) ; ULRICA ELEOXORA,
her Arrival in Sweden, 1680 (2 var.) ; Coronation at Stockholm

25. November 1680; The Queen's good qualities and virtue
(6 var.) ; Death at Carlberg Castle, 26. July 1693, ar) d Burial,
28. November (7 var.); - CHARLES XII., His Childhood, 1688
(2 var.); - - Peace of Ryswik, 1697 (2 var.); Coronation,
14. December 1697 (8 var.); - Gaming counter; - Peace with
Denmark, 18. August 1700 : Victory over the Russians at Narva,
1700 (4 var.); The King's campaign against Frederick IV. of
Denmark, Augustus I. of Poland and the Czar Peter I. of Russia ;
The King's army near Riga, 9. July 1701 ; Victory over the
Saxons and Poles at Klissow, 1702 ; Victory over the Saxons and
Lithuanians at Pultousk, 1703; Thorn opens its gates to the
Swedish army; The Swedish army under the command of Count
AdamLudwig Lewenhaupt, 1705 ; - - The Swedish army under the
command of Count Carl Gustaf Rehnskold defeats the Saxons and
Poles at Fraustadt, 3. February 1706; Peace of Alt-Ranstadt,
14. September 1706; - The King restores the Reformed Church
in Silesia, 1707-8; The blooming Aloe; Sweden's glorious
successes, &c.

To Karlsteen belong also the following medals : Prince Elector
Anselm Franz Baron von Ingelheim, Archbishop of Mayence ; -
Delimitation of the frontier between Brandenburg and Brunswick,
with bust of George William, Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg,
1699 ; El. Brenner, Swedish numismatist and miniature-painter;

Marriage of Prince Elector Ernest Augustus of Brunswick with
Sophia, Princess Palatine, 1658; - - Prize Medal of Brunswick,
with bust of Duke Ernest Augustus, 1691. fyL. EN. LABOR. EN
PR^EMIVM ; Medal on the Death of Duke Ernest Augustus,
1698; - Marriage of Sophie Charlotte, daughter of Duke Ernest
Augustus, with Frederick I. of Prussia, 1691 (2 var.); Medal on
the Death of Prince Charles Philip of Brunswick-Liineburg in the
War against the Turks, 1690; Urban Hiaerne, 1682;

D r Christian Constantin Rumpf, Stockholm, 1681 ; D r Matthias
Riben, of Stockholm, 1712; - D r Urban Hjierne, 1702 ; Heve-
lius, the astronomer ; John Calvin ; Martin Luther (sev. var.) ;

- Peace of Travendal between Sweden and Denmark, 1700,


In 1687, the artist was paid 759 livres by the Paris Medal Mint
for dies supplied from Stockholm (3 obvs. and 3 fyLs. of medals).

Ammon states that Karlsteen was first apprenticed at the Stockolm
mint, and that some of his first productions were coin-dies for the
mint of Alvesta. According to the same authority, he learned
engraving in steel from a Knight at the Danish Court, H. Von

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Lohner, Sammlung merkwiirdiger
Medaillen. Menadier, Schaumunqen des Hauses Hohen^ollern, 1901. Franks &
Grueber, Medallic Illustrations, &c. Various Sale Catalogues. J. J. Guiffrey,
La Monnaie des Me'dailles, Revue numismatique, 1887. Ammon, Sammlung
beruhmter Medailleurs, 1778. Kohler, Munfalustigungen. Numophyl. Burckb.
Flad, Beruhmte Medailleurs.

KARPOS. Fictitious signature on a Poniatowski gem, representing
Jason and Medea at the altar of Diana or Hecate, exchanging vows
of mutual fidelity.

KARRESS, M. (Austr.). Die-sinker or Agram, who in 1869
executed a medal on the Visit to Croatia of the Emperor Francis
Joseph and his consort.

KARSTEN (Germ.). Mint-director at Breslau, 1817.

KASCHAUER, ANDREAS (Germ.). Mint-warden at Nuremberg,

KASCHNITZ, FRANZ DE PAULA VON (Germ.). Mint-master at
Giinzburg, 1762.

KASCHNITZ, JOSEPH VON (Germ.). Mint-master at Nuremberg,

KASELER, G. (Germ.). This Die-sinker's signature occurs on the
Brunswick War Medal for Waterloo and Quatre-Bras, 1815. Vide

KASI NATH (Indian). A native Coin-engraver, employed at the
Calcutta Mint, during the reign of William IV. He cut the dies for
Double Mohurs, Mohurs, and Rupees of 1835, which bear the
letters R. S. on truncation of the King's head. These initials stand
for Robert Saunders, Mint-master.

KASTENBRUN, HANS (Germ.). Seal- and Coin-engraver at
Nuremberg. He worked in 1615 and 1616 for the Counts of Hohen-
lohe, in conjunction with the Mint-master Heinrich Miiller.

KASTENPEIN, FRANZ (Germ.). Coin-engraver at the Nuremberg
Mint, 1586-1604.

I2 3

KASTENPEIN, HANS. Coin-engraver at the Nuremberg Mint,

KATREI (Austr.). Wife of two Mint-masters (successively) of
Vienna, of the name of Hans. In 1393, she was already married to
her second husband, Hans der Schrotmaister von Neuenburg. Her
name appears on various Vienna Mint documents.

KAUERHASE, MATHIAS (Germ.). Coin-engraver at the Breslau
Mint, circa 1572-1627. He cut dies for the coinage of Ducats of the
Silesian mining town of Reichstein, struck in the name of Wilhelm
von Rosenberg, 1582. By this Engraver are also the following
medals : The Engelhart family (2 var.), 1623 ; Charles II. von
Oels, 1615 ; - - Raitpfennig of G. Rosier, 1607/9; Basil von
Sonn, Mint-master at Oels, Raitpfennig, 1612/14; Religious
MVNDI, dated 1624; - - Jetons of 1584, 1585 ; Death Thaler
of Charles II. of Munsterberg, 1617, &c.

His signature occurs as MK; and MAT.KAVERHASN.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg, Studitn ^iir schlesischen Medailknkunde, Schle-
sicns Vorzeit, etc. VII/6i.

KAUFMANN. JOHANN JACOB (Swiss). Contemporary Medallist,
born and residing at Lucerne, pupil of H. Bovy. He stands in the
front rank of Swiss medallists, and at the Paris Universal Exhi-
bition, 1900, his exhibits, viz. 3 medals : Jos. Casp. Schwendimann,
1741-1786 ; Angelica Kaufmann, 1741-1807 ; and D r Arnold
Ott, attracted attention, and have been reproduced in M. Roger
Marx's work : Les Medailleurs contemporains en France et a I'Etranger.

By him are also : 1893. Portrait-medallion in bronze (exhibited
at the Paris Salon); Lucerne Cantonal Rifle Meeting, 1894;
Inauguration of William Tell's Monument at Altdorf, 1895; -
Jean Balmer (executed in imitation of an antique medallion);

- Saffron Corporation at Lucerne, 1896; Portrait-medal of
Bocklin, the famous Painter of Basle ; - - 2i st General Meeting of
the Swiss Numismatic Society at Martigny (Valais), 1900;
Cantonal Rifle Meeting of Unterwald-Nidwald at Hergiswil, 1900;

- Portrait-medallion of Riggenbach of Vitznau, Swiss engineer;

- Inauguration of the Pestalozzi Monument at Zurich, 1899;
Fritschi Ball, 1900; Pilgrim's Badge of Our Lady of Einsiedeln;

- Cantonal Rifle Meeting of Unterwald-Nidwald at Hergiswil,
1901 ; Portrait-Jeton of Leodegar Corraggioni d'Orelli, published
by the Swiss Numismatic Society, to commemorate the General
Meeting at Fribourg, in 1904, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Revue suisse de numismatique, 1892-1900. J. H. Dompierre

de Chault'pie, o/>. cil.

KADFMANN, HUGO (Germ.*). Contemporary Sculptor and Medallist,
residing at Munich. One of his finest medallic productions is the
official medal issued by the city of Frankfort-on-M. to commemo-

Goethe Medal, by Hugo Kaufmann.

rate the 1 5o th Anniversary of Goethe (illustrated) ; another cele-
brates the Centenary of the " Elisabethen-und Musterschule ";


and a Plaquette, struck in 1903, on the 25 th Anniversary of D r Hoch's
Conservatorium bears the heads of Joachim Raffand Prof. Bernhard
Scholz. His Portrait-medal of Arnold Bocklin, 1897, exhibits fine
work; and also: The Prince Louis Medal of the Munich Geograph-
ical Society, 1903; - Public Instruction Medal (illustrated) ;
Medal for Numismatists, etc.

Public Instruction Medal.

Both at the Vienna and Frankfort-on-M. Exhibitions of Modern
medals, which were held within recent years, the eminent Munich
Sculptor, the creator of the Frankfort " Einheitsdenkmal ", showed
frames of medals and plaquettes.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Moderne Medaille, p. 5.


KAUFFMANN, HANS (Germ.). Mint-warden at Nuremberg, 1400.

KAUPERT, G. (Germ.). Designer of some medals issued at
Frankfort-on-M. on the Third Centenary of the Dutch Protestant
Settlement at Frankfort-on-M., 1885, and others.

KAUTSCH, HEINRICH (Austr.). Contemporary Sculptor and
Medallist, born at Prague in 1859, now residing at Paris. His father
was a Goldsmith, under whose tuition he gained the first notions of

Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 3) → online text (page 9 of 49)