L. (Leonard) Forrer.

Biographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 4) online

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Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 4) → online text (page 1 of 55)
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BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY

OF

MEDALLISTS



VOLUME IV.



PROTAT BROTHERS, PRINTERS, MACON (FRANCE)





PISANELLO.

(Antonio Pisano).

1397-1455.




BENEDETTO PISTRUCCI.
1784-1855.



BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY



OF



MEDALLISTS

COIN-, GEM-, AND SEAL-ENGRAVERS
MINT-MASTERS, &c.

ANCIENT AND MODERN
WITH REFERENCES TO THEIR WORKS

B.C. 5OO - A.D. I9OO
COMPILED

BY

L. FORRER

FELLOW OF THK ROYAL NUMISMATIC SOCIETY, &C.



VOLUME IV

EDITION LIMITED TO 300 COPIES.



LONDON
SPINK & SON L

17 & l8 PICCADILLY \V.
1909



5*535"



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES



MEDALLISTS

Coin-, Gem-, and Seal-Engravers, Ancient and Modern,
with References to their Works.



B.C. 5OO A.D. I9OO



VOLUME IV



M
(Continuation),

M. B. Vide MATTHIAS BESINGER. Mint-master at Augsburg, 1472-
1494.

M. B. Vide MARCO BOLLANI. Podesta at Padua, 1498.

M. B. Vide MARCO BARBO. Mint-master at Cattaro, 1527-1528.

M. B. Vide MATTEO BEMBO. Mint-master at Cattaro, 1538-1540.

M. B. Vide MUNZMEISTER BUSSENHOVEN, in the service of the
Abbey of Thoren, 1569-1575. Vide also M. PB.

M. B. or Mi. Vide MORITZ BERGMANN. Mint-master at Hanover,
1628-1666.

M. B. or M. Vide MARTIN BRUNNER. Medallist at Nuremberg,
born in 1659, died in 1725.

M. B. or M* or MB. I. Vide A. MEYBUSCH. Mint-engraver and
Medallist at Stockholm and Copenhagen, 1676-1701.

L. FOIREK. Biographical Notices of Medallists . IV I



~~~ 4

MEBES, DANIEL (Germ.). Mint-master at Gerbstadt (Mansfeld)
1621-1623. His initials M. D. occur on coins of that mint and those
dates.

MEDALLISTS, of Italian origin, whose names are unrecorded,
but whose works, ranging from the fifteenth to the seventeenth
centuries, have been grouped, according to some special sign or
symbol, or also reverse type, recurring on several of them, have
been designated, by French authorities, under certain appellations,
which have now been generally adopted. These are :

MEDALLIST, on the Reverse of whose medals appears a Spread
EAGLE (MEDAILLEUR or MAITRE A L'AIGLE). (Vide Vol. II,
p. 4.) These medals are now ascribed by Prof. Bode to Niccolo
Spinelli of Florence (</. i\).

MEDALLIST, on the Reverse of whose medals appears a figure of
FORTUNE (MfiDAILLEUR or MAITRE A LA FORTUNE).
Vide Vol. II, p. 126 and infra, LORENZO GIGLIAMOCCHI. The
author of these medals is Niccolo Spinelli (q. v.).

MEDALLIST, on the Reverse of whose medals appears a figure of
HOPE (MfiDAILLEUR or MAITRE A L'ESPERANCE). (Vide
Vol. II, p. 552). Also attributed to Niccolo Spinelli, by Prof. Bode.

MEDALLIST, on the Reverse of whose medals appears a figure of
CAPTIVE EROS (M&DAILLEUR or MAITRE A L' AMOUR
CAPTIF). Vide GIAN CRISTOFORO ROMANO, circa 1465-1512, infra.

MEDALLIST, who executed large medallions of ROMAN
EMPERORS (MEDAILLEUR or MAITRE AUX EMPEREURS
ROMAINS). This artist flourished towards the end of the fifteenth
century, and probably did a whole series of Portrait-medallions of
Roman Emperors. Armand however only knew the three follow-
ing : Nero (diam. 114 mill.); - - Trajan (diam. in mill.); -
Antoninus Pius and Faustina Senior (diam. 109 mill.); Obv.
Bust of Faustina to r. ; tyL. Antoninus and Faustina, seated, facing
each other and clasping hands.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit., I, 100.

MEDALLIST with the signature 0. F. (MEDAILLEUR or MAITRE
A LA MARQUE O). The first letter of this signature, says Armand,
is not the Greek letter <t>, but an I forming a monogram with an
0, and the name of the Medallist may have been : JOHANNES
The medal on which this signature occurs belongs to the period
between 1509 and 1523 and has on obv. a Portrait of the Doge
of Venice, Andrea Gritti, under the bust of whom is : 0. F., while



the I^d. represents the Doge on horseback near the gates of a sea-
side town, the entrance of which seems to be shown to him by a nude
male figure (Diam. : 65 mill.).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit. Heiss, op. cit., Venise, p. 132. Tresor,
I, xxxv, 5.

MEDALLIST with the signature ^ (MEDAILLEUR or MAITRE
A LA MARQUE ^). According to Armand, this Medallist was
working circa 1538, and is the author of the following medals :
Ottavio Farnese and Margaret of Austria, with their busts, and
artist's signature on either side (diam. : 38 mill.); Uniface medal,
with portrait of a young Lady (diam. : 39 mill.) ; Pietro Bembo ;
uniface; obv. PETRI BEMBI' CAR. (diam. 144 mill.); Vincenzo
Caraffa, obv. Bust to 1. ; I. FATA VIAM INVENIENT. Alexander
the Great cutting the Gordian knot (diam. 148 mill.); Maria de
Roias; uniface; D.MAR.DE.ROIAS. (diam. : 36 mill.).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit. I, 152 ; III, 60.

MEDALLIST with the signature HV (M^DAILLEUR or MAITRE
A LA MARQUE HV). This monogram may possibly represent the
signature of the Cremonese Goldsmith ORAZIO NAZARO, who was
working at Rome towards the end of the sixteenth century. It
occurs on a Portrait-medal of Benedetto Lomellini, a Genoese,
created cardinal in 1565,7 1579; obv. BENEDICTVS CARDINA-
LIS-LOMELLINVS-AN-D-,i569'^T-SVE-52. Bust to 1.;
fyL MANSVETVDO ' HV. Draped female figure holding and caress-
ing a dove, and trampling on a serpent (diam. 45 mill.).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit., I, 255 ; III, 121.

MEDALLIST with the signature W (M^DAILLEUR or MAITRE A
LA MARQUE W). The two medals ascribed to this artist by
Armand have been restored to ADRIANO FIORENTINO (Vide
Vol. I, N. E., p. 26). They both portray Ferdinand II. of Aragon,
king of Naples. The border of the king's hat shows a W which is
repeated in the field of the f$L. ; Fabriczy interprets the W into a
" Motto " of the Prince (Fabriczy, op. cit., p. 68).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit., I, 101.

MEDALLIST, whose medals are marked with the SIGN OF
MARS (MEDAILLEUR or MAITRE AU SIGNE DE MARS).
Milanesi has identified this artist with DOMENICO DI POLO (q.v. injrd)
and Fabriczy, as well as other authorities, have adopted his
attribution.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, of. cit., I, 151 ; III, 9. C. Von Fabriczy, op. cit.

MEDALLIST, whose medals are marked with a pair of PINCERS
(MEDAILLEUR or MAITRE A LA TENAILLE). A uniface



Portrait-medallion of Lorenzo de' Medici (diam. 90 mill.) bears
under the bust a pair of pincers, which may represent the name of
the artist, perhaps a member of the Tanagli (tanaglia = pair of




Lorenzo de' Medici.

pincers) family of Goldsmiths at Florence, which is still in
existence. Vide TANAGLI infra.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit. I, 51 ; 111,9. Fabriczy, op. cit. p. 59.

MEDALLIST, who worked for Charles VIII. of France and his
Court (MEDAILLEUR ITALIEN DE LA COUR DE CHARLES
VIII). (FYcfcVol.n, p. 96.)Rondot (Les Medailleurs et les Gravenrs de
monnaies en France, 1904, p. 8r) states that in 1494, at the time
when Charles VIII. was preparing for his expedition to the other
side ot the Alps, several medals were modelled and cast in bronze,
with the King's ertigy and those of some of his councillors, amongst
others, Jean du Mas, seigneur de Lisle, and Beraud Stuart, seigneur
d'Aubigny. These medals are ot Italian workmanship and bear
much analogy with those executed at about the same time by
Niccolo Spinelli. It is therefore probable, that if they are not by the
hand of this Medallist, they were nevertheless modelled by an
Italian who came to Lyons to take advantage of the king's presence,
and whose influence made itself felt on the works of contemporary
Goldsmiths and "Tailleurs d'images" of that city.

Rondot further states that there were three NICOLAS DE FLORENCE
who worked during the second half of the fifteenth century: NICCOLO
SPINELLI, Engraver and Seal-cutter to the Duke of Burgundy, circ.
1469; NICCOLO SPINELLI or NICCOLO DI FORZORE (also' NICCOLO DI



FORZORE SPINELLl), author of the Portrait-medallion of Alfonso
d'Este (..1485-7 1514); and NICOLAS DE FLORENCE, of Lyons
(...i493-*j' 1499). But Herr von Fabriczy has, to my mind, success-
fully proved that the NICOLAS DE SPINEL, who executed the great
seal of Charles the Bold, and Portrait-medallion of Anthony of
Burgundy (in Berlin Museum) is the same as NICCOLO SPINELLl,
and there is nothing impossible in the suggestion that the artist
may have made a short stay at Lyons in 1494, on the occasion of
Charles VIII. 's residence there, to which period of his activity




Anthony of Burgundy.

would belong the following works enumerated in Armand :
Charles Vlll.tdiam. 9 5 mill.); ^. VICTORIAM.PAX.SEQVETVR.
Victory in biga preceded by Peace holding olive-sprig; Another
(diam. : 40 mill.), uniface; - Jean Du Mas, seigneur de Lisle
(diam. : 88 mill.) obv. Bust to 1.; 1$L. Dumas, in cuirass, on horse-
back, caparisoned; Jean Matharon de Salignac, French ambas-
sador at Rome (diam. : 88 mill.); tyL. Matharon standing, facing; -
Beraud Stuart, seigneur d'Aubigny, Scot in the service of
Charles VIII., uniface (diam. : 89 mill.) ; Anthony of Burgundy,
surnamed the grand Batard, obv. and 1$L. legend: NVLI.NE.SI.
FROTA (diam. : 87 mill. ; in the Berlin Museum, and attributed
by von Fabriczy to Niccolo Fioremino) ; Gilbert de Bourbon,
comte de Montpensier, dauphin d'Auvergne(diam. : 73 mill.), uni-
face; Antoinede Gimel (diam. : 88 mill.) ; I. PRESIT .DECVS
and type as that on IfyL. of Du Mas's medal.

Vide Prof. Bode's monograph of Niccolo Spinelli, and my notice
of this medallist, infra.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit. Von Fabriczy, op. cit. Friedlander,
op. cit.



8

MEDALLIST, Venetian, of 1523 (MEDAILLEUR or MAITRE
VENIT1EN DE 1523). Under that appellation, Annand has described
several medals : Jacopo Loredano; IfyL. Mucius Scaevola holding his
hand in a burning brazier (diam. : 63 mill.); Vincenzo Malipieri;
obv. VINCENTIVS. MARIPETRO. AND . F. AN. AET. XLVII ;
%L. REGALIS.CONSTANTIA. MDXXIII crowned spread-eagle
(diam. : 63 mill ); Francesco Malipieri; f. FIRME.ET.PER-
PETViE.CARITATI. MDXXIII. Pelican (diam. : 63 mill.);
Sebastiano Renieri; %L. MEMORIAE. ORIGINIS. VENET.
Nude female figure holding standard of St. Mark; Roberto Maggi;
!. LAHORE JNGENIOTET.PROBIT. MDXXII. Nude female
figure holding spear and shield (diam. : 80 mill.); Leonardo
Zantani; I. PERPETVITATI.D. Phoenix, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Armand, op. cit. Friedlander, op. cit. Heiss, op. cit.
Keary, op. cit.

MEDINA, V. (Msx&.). Medallist and Mint-engraver at Guadalaxara
(Mexico), circ. 1822. By him are several medals: Proclamation of
Emperor Augustine I., at Guadalaxara, 1822 (illustrated'); Another,




Guadalaxara Proclamation medal of Augustine I.

issued by the Cathedral authorities of Guadalaxara; Another,
issued by the National Consulate, or Civic authorities of Guada-
laxara; - - The Academy of Guadalaxara to the chief ruler ot
Anahuac (Mexico), etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Benjamin Betts, Mexican Imperial Coinage, 1899.

MEEHOFER, FRANZ (Austr.). Mint-master at Salzburg, 1761-
1770.

MEER, JEAN VAN DER (Dutch). Mint-engraver at Vroenhoven,
1500-1502, replaced by Ulric Peeters, on 6. August 1502. His wages



amounted to 12 Flemish livres per annum (Janne Van der Meer,
ysersnydere der munten van der Vroenhove tot Tricht, etc. ; Royal
Archives).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. A. Pinchart, Biographies des graveurs beiges, Revue de la num.
beige, 1853, p. 284.

MEGHEROEDE, BRICE VAN (Dutch). Brnssy Tulmans^oon Van
Megheroe.de 3 Mint-engraver at The Hague or Dordrecht, at the
beginning of the fifteenth century, appointed on 15. May 1401.
Philip the Good named Nicholas Van Bylande, who died in 1438,
to succeed him, but the extent of Van Megheroede's activity as
Engraver of the coins of Holland is unrecorded.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. A. Pinchart, Joe. cit., 1858, p. 42.

MEGRET, LOUIS NICOLAS ADOLPHE (French}. Sculptor of the nine-
teenth century, born at Paris, I. November 1829 ; pupil of Jouffroy
and Duret. By him are numerous Portrait-medallions in bronze,
some of which were exhibited at the Paris Salon : 1868. M" e E. T.
G***; - 1869. Alphonse Karr; Nice, bronze medal; - 1873.
Young Girl ; Portrait of a Lady, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Chavignerie et Auvray, op. cit.

MEHL, FRANZ (Germ.'}. Burgomaster at Glogau, etc., imprisoned
in 1633 on suspicion of counterfeiting coins of Saxony and Bran-
denburg, but released on his proving that the dies found at his
house had been left him by a former Engraver.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Friedensburg, op. cit.

MEIBUS Vide MEYBUSCH, ANTON. Father and Son ; Medallists in
Sweden and Denmark, circ. 1660-1720.

MEIDINGER, HEINRICH (Germ.). Director of the Mint at Fulda,
1765-1770.

MEIDINGER, JOHANN FERDINAND (Germ.). Mint-master at Treves;
then Director of the Mint at Wiirzburg, 1762; and in 1766 at
Vienna.

MEIER, BARTHOLD (Dan.). Mint-engraver and Court-medallist at
Copenhagen, 1680-1688; Warden of the Mint at Domitz, 1689;
and Mint-master at Schwerin, 1696-1702.

Meier was Chief Medallist to Christian V. of whom he cut several
Portrait-medals; he is also the author of the following commemo-
rative medals : Fortitude and Prudence of William and Mary of
Great Britain, 1689 (probably issued to celebrate their Coronation);
- Danish auxiliaries for England ; obv. A fleet at sea ; beneath :
B. M. ; I. Inscription : A CHRISTIANO V. MISSVM WILHELMO



IO

III. etc. MDCLXXXIX | B. M.; - - Johan Lassenius; - - Birthday
of King Christian V., 1694; - Medal on the Peace of Celle in
Ratzeburg, 29. September 1693, & c -

This Medallist's productions, says Bolzenthal, do not leave upon
one a favourable impression.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit. Franks & Grueber, op. cit. Grueber,
Guide frc. Hildebrand,q/>. cit.

MEIGER or MEYER, GLAUS (Germ.}. Mint-master at Rostock, 1562.

MEIJER, H. DE (Dutch'). This Artist's signature occurs on a Por-
trait-medal of William V., commemorating his appointment to the
Stadholderate, 1766.

MEIJBUCH. Vide ANTON MEYBUSCH.

MEIL, JOHANN HEINRICH (Germ.}. Medallist of the second half
of the eighteenth century, born at Berlin in 1729. He is the author
of a Portrait-medal of the poet Gellert, and of a Jeton of the Berlin
Academy of Fine Arts, which are not of great merit.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bolzenthal, op. cit., p. 276.

MEILLER, JEAN LOUIS (French}. Mint-engraver at Lyons in the
early months of 1678, and was nominated on 18. May of the same
year Mint- engraver at Montpellier, in succession to Francois
Brondes. Later he was appointed an official at the Cour des Mon-
naies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot, op. cit. Ibid., Les Gravetirsde Lyon.

MEILLINGER, JAKOB (Germ.}. Moneyer at Ratisbon, 1391.

MEINDL, CHRISTIAN (Austr.}. Mint-warden at Salzburg, 1647-
1692.

MEINECKE, JOACHIM (Germ.}. Mint-warden at Riga, 1652-1663 ;
Mint-master there, 1663-1668. The currency issued under him
usually bears his initials.

MEINERT, or MAYNERT, JOSEPH (Austr.}. Mint-engraver at War-
saw, 1836-1856, and a famous Counterfeiter of Polish coins. So far,
104 dies, intended for the production of imitations, are known as by
him. Count Czapsky of Stankow collected these dies and published
a catalogue of them. "DieSammler moderner Miinzen glaubten sich
in Folge des erwahnten Senkverfahrens vollig gegen Betrug
gesichert, auch das aber ist nur noch ein schoner Traum
(Kirmis, Daheim, Feb. 1902, p. 24). There is a Portrait-medal of
him bv his son.



II

MEINGOS or MOINGUS, THOMAS (Aiistr.). Mint-master at Vienna,
circ. 1442 (?)-i)O2.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Von Ebengreuth, Wierfs Mun^wesen, 1902.

MEINHARDT, BARTHOLD (Germ.). Mint-master at Blankenburg
(County of Regenstein), circ. 1564-66. He styled himself " Silber-
kremer aus Goslar", and was commissioned to strike currency of
the weight and standard of that ofMansfeld. We find him later as
Mint-master at Eisleben, Friedeborn, etc., circ. 1582-1595, during
which period he signed coins of Count Peter Ernest (reigning in
conjunction with Johann Albert, Johann Hover, Bruno II. and
Hoyer Christoph ; and afterwards, with Bruno II., Gebhard VIII.
and Johann Georg).

MEINHARDT, HANS GEORG (Germ.}. Possibly the same as (HANS)
GEORG MAINHART. Mint-master at Eisleben, Halle and Stolberg,
circ. 1595-1615 ; later (probably the same person) at Winsen,i6i9~
1621; appointed i. January 1622 at Moisburg, from where he
went to Poland. We next find him as Mint-master at Lobsenz,
where in 1637 he was still in office. Bahrfeldt (Beitrdge %ur Miln^-
geschichte der Lilnebnrgischen Lande, Wien, 1893) surmises that this
same HANS GEORG MEINHARDT was also connected with the epis-

M ^

copal Mint ofRatzeburg at Schonberg. The signature G, MG I have
noticed on currency of Mansfeld (Peter Ernest, in conjunction with
Bruno II., Wilhelm and Johann Georg, 1601-1604; and David
1628).

Nagler states that this Mint-master was also in the service of the
Archbishop of Magdeburg, and Christian I. of Anhalt, but the
medal he ascribes to him (Monog. III., 177) is by Christian Maler.

MEINHARDT or MAINERT, JOSEPH (Germ.). Mint-engraver at
Warsaw, 1640-1655.

MEINHOLT, GEORG (Germ.). Mint-master at Saalfeld, 1595-1623
(Schlickeysen).

MEINTZ, BALTHASAR (Germ.). Engraver of Fulda, who is said to
have engraved imitations of coins for Count Christoph von Barby
at Wildungen Castle in 1570. Among these were Spanish Philipps-
gulden and other currency.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. D^Otio Grotefend, Ueber Mun^fdlscJjung in Wildungen, 1570.

MEISSNER, CARL (Germ.). Mint-engraver and Medallist at St.
Petersburg, circ. 1801-1809. He was born in 1774; entered in 1789
the "Medailleur" School ; and disappeared in 1814, probably
losing his life on the Neva. By him are several medals. His signa-
ture : C. MEISNER. F : occurs on the }$L. of a medal commemorating



12

the Centenary of the Battle of Poltawa, 1809, the obv. of which is
by the artist C. Leberecht. A Presentation medal of the Emperor
Paul to Herman Nowgorodoff, 1798, is signed : C. M. F.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Iversen, op. cit. Ammon, op. cit. Iversen, Beiirag ^ur
mssiscbtn Medaillenkiinde, St. Petersburg, 1870.

MEISSNER, GEORG (Germ.}. According to Ammon, Mint-master
in the service of the Counts of Mansfeld, 1595-1601. This is
evidently an incorrect interpretation of GEORG MEINHARDT's signa-
ture.

MEISSONNIER, JEAN LOUIS ERNEST (French}. A famous Painter
of the nineteenth century, born at Lyons in 1811, died at Paris
in 1891. He began as a book illustrator of "Paul et Virginie"
amongst other works, practising the while and perfecting his art
as a figure painter, in which he achieved signal success, from his
"Chess-player" series to his designs for the decoration of the
Pantheon, "The Apotheosis of France". He was also a successful
modeller in wax and clay, and by him are some Portrait-medallions
and Plaquettes, one of these in repousse gold for the binding of the
Address presented to President Carnot to commemorate the Uni-
versal Exhibition of 1889.

MEISSONNIER, JUSTE AURELE (French}. Architect, Painter, Sculp-
tor, and Goldsmith, born at Turin in 1675, died at Paris in 1750.
He was one of the artists, says Rondot, who gave a new impulse
to the decorative art, created under Louis XIV. by Lepautre, Marot,
and others. As chief of a school he is one of the originators of the
style (so-called) of Louis XV.

This artist engraved a few medals ; one of them, described by
Rondot, and executed in 1715, commemorates the Naval Engage-
ment off Malaga, 1704 ; the legend is : OR^ HISPANICE SECV-
RITAS ; it is signed M on the ^L. but the puncheon bears the signa-
ture : J. A. MEISONIE. F. Mint documents record a payment of
420 livres made to him in 1716 for some dies of medals. By him
are perhaps two medals signed, M. M. representing the "Premier
lit de justice" held in 1661, and the Establishment of the General
Hospital.

Meissonnier is famous as a Goldsmith, and he was " Dessinateur
ordinaire du Cabinet du roi. "

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Rondot, op. cit., p. 355. J. J. Guiffrey, La Monnaie des
niedailles, Revue numismatique, 1889, p. 309.

MEIT, CONRAD (Germ.}. Sculptor to the Archduchess Margarethe,
a friend of Albrecht Durer, who worked some time at Wittenberg,
in the early part of the sixteenth century. He appears to have been
also a Medallist, as shown by the Portrait-medal of the young



Nuremberg patrician Peter Harsdorffer, signed : CONTRFET VON
CONRAT MIT. A model of this medal in alabaster was published by
Imhoff, but the inscription could no longer be read. By the same
artist is a statuette of Judith in alabaster in the Bavarian National
Museum.

Similar work to that of the HarsdorfFer medal is exhibited on a
Portrait-medal in painted terra-cotta of the Archduchess Margarethe,
1528, and this model has a great analogy to the bust of the
Archduchess, which Bode ascribes on other grounds to Conrad
Meit. It is probable that some of the medals given to Hans Schwarz
will have to be restored to Meit, who may also be the author of
the Profile Portraits hitherto given to Diirer. On a document he is
named " Meister Conrad Schnitzer".

BIBLIOGRAPHY. D^ B. Pick, Deutsche Medailkn, 1906.

MELCHIOR (Hung.}. Treasurer of State and Superintendent of the
Mints in Hungary, arc. 1470-1490.

MELCHIOR, CHRISTOPH (Germ.'). Mint-master at Koenigsberg in
Prussia, 1646-1656.

MELCHIOR, JOHANN PETER (Germ.}. Sculptor and Modeller in
wax, terra-cotta, etc., born in 1742, died in 1825. Between 1770
and 1779 he was Court Sculptor at Hochst-am-Main ; later he
worked at Frankenthal, Mannheim, and Nuremberg, and in 1796
he was appointed Inspector of the Porcelain Manufactory of
Nymphenburg. There he executed numerous Portrait-medallions
of the Bavarian Royal family; Samuel Thomas von Soemmering,
a distinguished physician, and others. From an earlier date are the
artist's Portrait-medallions of Goethe, 1775; Goethe's father;
- Frau Rat, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. D. F. Heynemann, Die Medaillen-Sainmlung der Senckenberg-
iscben Naturjorschenden Gesellschaft, Frankfurt am Main, 1900.

MELEUN, BARTHELEMY DE (French}. Mint-master at Bayonne,
1527-1535.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. E. Faivre, op. cit., p. 47.

MELDE, CORNELIUS (Germ.). Mint-master at Dresden, 1635. His
Thalers of John George I. of that date are signed C-M, and exist
only in four varieties. They are rare, as Melde was in office but a
few months.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Schlickeysen-Pallmann, up. cit. Erbstein, Erorterungen &c.

MELIODON (French}. Contemporary Sculptor, born at Paris; pupil
of Falguiere, A. Millet, Gauthier, Carlus and Barrau. He has exhib-
ited since 1894 at tne Salon de la Societe" des Artistes francais,



14 -

and obtained no less than fourteen medals. By him are Portrait-
medallions in bronze, articles of plate, objects of decorative art, etc.
He is an " Officier d'Acadcmie.

MELIOLUS or MELIOLI, BARTOLOMEO (//<//.). Goldsmith and
Medallist of Mantua, born in 1448, died in 1514. About 1492, he
was entrusted with the direction ot the Mantuan mint, and remained
apparently in office until 1514, the year of his death. We learn
from a document in the Gonzaga archives that in 1493 the artist
cut the dies for a gold Ducat with the portrait of the Marquis Gian-
francesco II. The other coins of that reign, which rank amongst the
best monetary productions of the Italian Renaissance, are no doubt
due to Melioli,and have been described under his name by Armand
(III, p. 18). Amongst these are the following: Francesco II. (1484-
1519). AT. Zecchino; obv. FRANCISCVS. MAR.MANTVE.
QVART. Bust to 1. ; #.. D . PROBASTI . M . T . COGNO VISTI . ME.
Crucible (sev. var.) ; Af . | Zecchino; - | Zecchino; obv.
CHRIST!. IHESV. SANG VIN. Monstrance; I. PARVN.DESIR.
Sun (Gnecchi Sale Cat., 1901, n 2078); - ^R. Medallic Half
Scudo; obv. FRANCISCVS.MAR.MANTVE.ini. Bust to 1. ;
I. NON . IGNARA . MALI . MISERIS . SVCVRRERE . DISCO.
The Marquis standing to r. with three other persons; - Medallic
Half Scudo; obv. as last; #.. DIVINVM.DARE.HVMANVM.
ACCIP. The Duke between three figures; ex: LIBERALI : TAS.
(illustrated}; - Testone; obv. FR . M . MANTVAE. Bust to 1.





Medallic Half Scudo of Francesco II. of Mantua.

$L S.R.E. CONF. Shield of arms (illustrated)-, Testone;
obv. FRANCISCVS . MAR . MANTVE . IIII. Bust to 1. ; fy. D . PRO-
BASTI. ME. ET.COGNOVISTI. ME. Crucible (sev. var.): -
Testone; obv. FR. MAR.M ANT. IIII. VENE.CAPI.GE. Marquis
on horseback to r. ; %L. XPI >& IHESV )& SANG VINIS Monstrance ;

Testone; obv. FRANCISCVS . MAR . MANT . IIII. Bust to 1.
with long hair brushed over the forehead ; I^C. -}- XPI-[-IHESV-|-



SANG VINIS. Monstrance ; Testone ; obv. FR ANCISCVS . MAR .

MAN. IIII. Bust to 1. with long hair in flat beretta ; I$L. -j- XPI.
IHESV.SANGVINIS. Monstrance, and other varieties; - Half
Testone; obv. FRANCISCVS. MAR MANX. IIII. Bust to 1. ; I. As



Online LibraryL. (Leonard) ForrerBiographical dictionary of medallists : coin, gem, and sealengravers, mint-masters, &c., ancient and modern, with references to their works B.C. 500-A.D. 1900 (Volume 4) → online text (page 1 of 55)