Lachlan Shaw.

The history of the province of Moray. Comprising the counties of Elgin and Nairn, the greater part of the county of Inverness and a portion of the county of Banff,--all called the province of Moray before there was a division into counties online

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betwixt the Bishop of Moray and Bisset of Lovat,
anno 1258, " Eobertus de Grant vicecomes de
Inverness " is witness {Chart. Mor.) (2) Joannes
de Grant was one of those Barons, with Kadulphus
his brother, whom King Edward I. sent prisoners
from Berwick to London, anno 1296. They were
not liberate till 30th July, 1297, when they were
obliged to engage to serve King Edward abroad
" contra quoscunque inimicos d. d. Regis " (Bijiu.,
vol. ii., p. 776). (3) Eobertus de Grant is one of
the Barons in Bagman's Boll {Frynne, vol. iii.,
p. 657) about anno 1300, and the author of the
Kemarks on that Boll calleth him the ancestor
of the family of Grant {Nish. Herald, vol. ii.,
BemarJis on Bagman's Boll, p. 35). (4) John de
Grant was one of the commanders in the battle
of HalidonhiU, anno 1333 ; and, anno 1359, the
same gentleman, with Sir Bobert Erskine and
Norman Lesly, were ambassadors to the Court of
France to renew the ancient league (Abcrcr. Hisf.
Folio, vol. ii., p. 124) ; and (5) Bobert Grant,
Esq., was much in favour with King Bobert II. ;


and in 1385 was one of those Barons amon^^-
whom were distributed 50,000 crowns of gold,
remitted from France to animate the Scots to
invade England (Bijm.). Men of such distinction
and eminence in those early ages are an undeni-
able historical presumption, that the Name and
Clan were, even in these days, numerous, power-
ful, and much respected. I cannot, indeed,
instruct that these five gentlemen were the suc-
cessive representatives of the family, although I
think it highly probable. But the following
descents, from father to son, admit of no question,
viz. : — (6) Maude or Matildis, heiress, married
Andrew Steuart, son of Sir John Steuaii, Sheriff
of Bute, who was son of King Eobert II. {Geneal.
Tree); and their son was (7) Patrick, who
married the daughter and heiress of Wiseman of
Mulben, and by her was father of (8) John Koy.
This gentleman married Bigia Gumming, heiress
of Glenchernich [or Duthel]. He had two sons,
viz., Duncan, his heir, and Duncan, progenitor of
the Clan Donachie or family of Gartenbeg. (9)
Duncan, whom in 1479 I find designed Duncan
Grant of Freuchie {Cart. j^en. Kilr.), married
Muriel, daughter of Malcolm, Laird of M'Intosh,
by whom he had John, his heir, and Patrick, an-
cestor of the family of Ballindalach. (10) John,
the Bard-Eoy, or Eed Poet, married Elizabeth
Ogilvie, daughter of Findlater, by whom he had
John, his heir. He had likewise a natural son,


called John More, ancestor of the family of Glen-
moriston. (11) John, by his lady, a daughter,
it is said, of Eothes, had three sons, viz., James,
his heir; John, of whom Corimonie is descended;
and Patrick, ancestor of Bonhard. (12) James,
called Shemuis nan CreacJi, i.e., the Eavager,
married a daughter of Lord Forbes, and dying
anno 1553, was succeeded by his son (13) John
Baold, i.e., Simple, who, by his first wife, Margaret,
daughter of Steuart, Earl of Athole, had Duncan,
his heir, and Patiick, ancestor to Eothemurchus ;
and by his second wife, Isobel Barclay, daughter
of Towie, he had Archibald of Bellentom. (14)
Duncan died 1581, before his father, who died
1585, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of the
Laird of M'Intosh, left John, his heir ; Patrick,
of whom is Easter Elchies ; and Mr. James, of
whom are Moyness and Lurg. (15) John of
Freuchie, who died anno 1622, leaving by his
wife, Lilias Moray, daughter of Tullibardin (16),
Sir John, called Sir John Sell the Land, who, by
Mary Ogilvie, daughter of Einlater, had eight
sons, of whom James succeeded him. Colonels
John and Patrick left no male issue, nor did
Alexander nor George, governor of Dumbarton.
Of the other three, Mungo of Ejncherdie was
ancestor to Knockando and to Kincherdie ; the
7th was Eobert of Muckerach; and the 8th
Thomas of Belmacaan. Sir John died anno
1637. (17) James married Mary Steuart, daugh-


ter of the Earl of Moray, and dying anno 1663
left two sons, Ludovick and Patrick of Wester
Elcliies. I need not descend farther to mention
(18) Ludovick, who died in 1718, father of (19)
Brigadier Alexander, who, dying 1719, was suc-
ceeded by his brother (20) Sir James. He, dying
1747, was succeeded by his son (21), Sir Ludo-
vick, to whom, anno 1773, succeeded his son
(22), Sir James, now living.

I have dwelt thus much on the descents of the
House of Grant, that the branches of it might
appear, and to avoid repetitions. Besides the
branches above-named, there are other three that
claim a higher antiquity, viz. : — The Clan Alan,
or family of Achernack; the Clan Chiaran, or
family of Dillachaple ; and the Clan Phadrick, or
family of Tullochgorm. These contend that they
sprung from the House of Grant before they came
from Stratherick into Strathspey. That the
ancient residence of the Grants was in Strath-
erick cannot reasonably be questioned. The
names of their ancient or old seats in Stratherick
(as Gartmore, Gartbeg, Dillachapel, &c.) are
given to their new seats in Strathspey. But at
what precise time they came into Strathspey
(surely not all at one time) I pretend not to
determine. The Laird of Grant was designed of
Freuchie before 1479, and I think it probable
that they began to come to Speyside about, or
before the year 1400.

94 grant's history of the grants in shaw.

The armorial bearing of Grant is — Gules, three antique
crowns Or. Crest, a burning hill proper. Motto above the
Crest, Craigellachie. Below the Shield, Stand Fast. Sup-
porters, two savages proper.


[The sirname of Grant is of great antiquity in Scotland :
but historians do not exactly agree about their origin, —
some alleging that they are of the ancient Scots, denomi-
nated Caledonians when the Picts inhabited the south ot
Scotland ; others that they came from Denmark ; others
from England ; and others again from France.

Although we cannot with certainty fix the precise
time of their settlement in Scotland, or whether they
were of the aborigines of the country, yet we have incon-
testible proof from our histories and records that they
were a powerful family, and made a considerable figure
in that kingdom about GOO years ago.

We shall therefore pass over the traditional part of
their history, and proceed to deduce their descent from

I. Gregorius, or Gregory de Grant, Sheriff Principal of
Inverness in the reign of King Alexander II., wlio suc-
ceeded to the crown of Scotland in 1214, and died 1249.
At that time, and till 1583, the shire of Inverness com-
prehended, besides, all Ross, Sutherland, and Caithness.
He married Mary Bizzet, a daughter of the fsimily of
Lovat, with whom he got the lands of Stratherrick, kc,
and by her he had several sons — (1) Sir Lawrence his
heir; (2) Robert; (3) Lucas, of whom Dellachapple ; (4j
Allan, of whom Achernack. Whether Lucas or Allan was
the eldest is disputed.

Gregorius de Grant died in the reign of King Alex-
ander III., and was succeeded by his eldest son.

* Rev. James Chapman, son of Robert Cliapman, merchant,
Inverness, minister of Cromdale in 1702, gave great attention
to the pedigree of the Grants. At his death in 1737, ret. 63,
there Avas found in his repositories a History of the Clan,
tracing it to tlie Gth or 7th century, or rather to Odin, god of
the Saxons. Sir Arcliibald Grant of Monymusk has printed
the ]\IS., taken cliititly froni a Norwegian genealogist. We
have almost rei)rinted wliat is given by Grant in his Edition of
Shaw, in preference to the details given by Robert Young in
his " Annals of Elgin " ; but these two writers diverge greatly.


II. Sir Lawrence de Grant. In a competition in 1258
between Archibald, Bishop of Moray, and John Bizzet,
father of Walter Bizzet, mentioned in " Rymer's Federa,"
this " Dominus Laurentius de Grant " is particularly
mentioned as a friend and kinsman of the said Bizzet,
and to which deed Robert de Grant, brother to the said
Lawrence is a witness. These Grants resided in Strather-
rick, a part at that period of the Province of Moray.

Sir Lawrence had two sons — (1) Sir John his heir ; (2)
Rudulphus de Grant, who being firmly attached to the
Bruce interest against Baliol, was, with his eldest brother
Sir John, and his uncle Robert de Grant, taken prisoners
by King Edward I. of England in 129G. Robert, as pos-
sessing less influence and weight, obtained his freedom at
Berwick ; but Sir John and his brother were carried to
London, whence they were liberated on bail in 1297. Sir
Lawrence was succeeded by his heir,

III. Sir John Grant the first. He was a great hero and
patriot, and joined Sir William Wallace in defence of the
liberties of his country. He was succeeded by his eldest

IV. Sir John Grant the second. He is mentioned as a
commander in the right wing of the army in the battle
of Halidonhill, 19th July, 1333, in which he commanded
a battalion of his own name and followers. He received
the honour of knighthood from King David 11. after the
return of that monarch from England in spring 1359, and
in the same year he, with Sir Robert Erskine, progenitor
of the Earl of Mar, and Norman Leslie, ancestor of the
Earls of Rothes, were appointed ambassadors extraordi-
nary to the court of France, to renew the ancient league
betwixt Scotland and that kingdom, and to negociate
other affairs of State, which embassy they discharged
honourably. The Earldom of Moray, after the death of
Earl John Randolph, in the battle of Durham in 18-iG
fell to the gift of the Crown, as did many of the lands
belonging to the Cummings ; and considering the esteem
in which Sir John Grant stood with the King, there is a
strong probability that at this time he received a royal
gift of part of their lands on Speyside, as soon after his
family are denominated of Freiichy, now called Castle
Grant, which is situated within a short distance of the
river Spey. There is a Safe Conduct from King Edward

96 grant's history of the grants in SHA^y.

III., "Doiniiio Jobanni Grant militi et Elizabeth, his
spouse," &c. to travel into that kingdom, with 10 servants
to attend them, in 1303. He afterwards got another Safe
Conduct to repair to the court of England upon affairs of
state in 1300. He died in the end of the reign of King
David II., and b}' Elizabeth, his wife, left a son, Sir
Robert, his heir, and a daughter, Agnes, married to Sir
Richard Curaming, progenitor of Altyre, kc.

V. Sir Robert. — As Sir John had been much in favour
with King ])avid II., so this Robert was respected by his
successor King Robert II. In 1385, on a war breaking-
out betwixt France and England, the King of France
remitted 40,000 francs to be divided amongst the nobility
and principal gentry of Scotland, for the purpose of ani-
mating the Scots to make an irruption into England, and
thereby a diversion in favour of France, of which sum
Sir Robert had a proportion as chief of the family. He
was a man much esteemed for his conduct and fortitude.
He died in the reign of King Robert III., and was suc-
ceeded by his son,

VI. Malcolm de Grant, who began to make a figure as
head of the Clan soon after Sir Robert's death, though
then but a young man. He was one of those gentlemen
of rank and distinction mentioned in a convention for
settling certain differences between Thomas Dunbar, Earl
of Moray, and " Alexander de Insulis Dominus de Loch-
aber." He died about the beginning of the reign of King
James I., and was succeeded by his son,

VII. Sir Patrick Grant, who by a charter in the
archives of Castle Grant, is designed " Patricius le Grant
Dominus de Stratherrock," by which he gives in liferent
to Elizabeth his daughter, and William Pilche, burgess of
Inverness, her husband, the Davoch of Dreggie, and the
half Davoch of Glenbeg in Invorallen of Strathspey. Sir
Patrick was twice married. His first lady was daughter
and heiress of Wiseman of ^Mulbeu; ;md his second a
daughter of Maclean of Douart, who was killed in the
battle of Harlaw in 1411. She was the mother of his son
and successor Sir John. Sir Patrick was a man of ac-
tivity and prudence, and, to increase the fortune of his
family, projected and accomplished the marriage of his
son with Matilda, the heiress of Gilbert Gumming of Glen-
chernick. Ho was succeeded by his said son,


VIII. Sir John, Sheriff Principal of Inverness. Among
the arras at Castle Grant, there is a musket with this
Inscription on the barrel, "Dominus Johannes Grant,
Miles, Vicecomes de Inverness, anno 1434," accompanied
by the three antique crowns of the family arms. By his
lady Matilda Gumming, heiress of the estate of Glencher-
nick, he had three sons — Duncan, the oldest, succeeded
him in the family honours and estates. The next was
ancestor of the Clan-Phadric, or House of Tullochgorum,
of whom are sprung the Guns and Groats, or Groots in
Caithness, who boast of including in their Tribe the great
Hugo Grotius, who in the Dutch language is called
Hugo Groot. The other son was progenitor of the Clan
Donachie, or House of Gartenbeg. In this Sir John's
time, his mother being a daughter of Maclean of Douart,
an ardent friendship commenced betwixt the two families
of Grant and Maclean, which continued for several suc-
cessive generations, and in memorial of which, agreeably
to the romantic ideas of the times, on the decease of the
Chief of either, the sword of the deceased was transmitted
to the survivor as a pledge of reciprocal attachment. Sir
John was succeeded by his son and heir,

IX. Sir Duncan Grant, Avho in a charter under the
Great Seal, anno 1442, is designated "Dominus de eodem
et de Freuchie." A precept of Sasine by the Earl of
Moray for infefbing Sir Duncan in some lands in Moray,
begins thus, " Archibaldus Comes Moravise et Magister de
Douglas," &c., dated at Elgin, 81st August, 1453, There
is likewise a Retour of Sir Duncan Grant, Fruquhie,
Knight as heir to his " guidsire " (grandsire or grand-
father) Gilbert of Glenchernick, dated 6th February,
1468. And a precept of Sasine on said Retour by King
James III., in favour of Sir Duncan Grant Knight, as
heir to his guidesire Gilbert Gumming, of Glenchernick,
on the lands of Congash, dated 3rd March, and 9th year
of the King's reign (1469).

We find him one of the arbiters in settling a debate in
1479 between Duncan Macintosh, Captain of the Clan
Chattan, and Hutcheon, or Hugh Rose, Baron of Kilra-
vock {Writs of K'tlravoch). He married Muriel, daughter
of Malcolm, Laird of Macintosh, by whom he had twin
sons, John, his heir, and Patrick, and a daughter, named
Catherine who was second wife of Duncan, Laird of
VOL. L 7


"Macintosh. Sir Duncan Grant's second son Patrick,
was the progenitor of the family of Ballindalloch, from
whom are descended the Grants of Tomvullin, TuUoch,
Dunhigas, Advie, Dalvey, and Ixothmais, kc. Of this
lamily Sir William Grant, Master of the Rolls, and repre-
sentative in Parliament for the county of Banff, is a
Cadet (1810).

X. John, the eldest son of Sir Duncan, had two sons.
John, the eldest, and William, the progenitor of the
Grants of Blairfindy in Glenlivet. By a precept of
Sasine from George, Earl of Huntly, for infefting this
John Grant, in Farmerstowm, in the County of Aberdeen,
and Kinrara, in the County of Inverness, dated at Bog of
Gight, 8th September, 1478, he is called the son and heir
of Sir Duncan Grant of Fruquhie. Dying, however,
before his father, Sir Duncan was succeeded by his oldest

XI. John Grant of that Ilk and of Fruquhie, who in
1484 married j\largaret Ogilvie, daughter of Sir James
Ogilvie, of Deskford, Knight. In the contract of mar-
riage, he is called "the Oye" (grandson), and ai)parent
heir of Sir Duncan Grant of Fruquhie, Knight; and
among others therein named as witnesses, is the foresaid
William Grant, ancestor of the Blairfindy Grants.

In 1493 a Crown charter is granted in favour of this
John Grant of Fruquhie, annexing and creating for him
and his heirs, all and hail the lands of Fruquhie, the two
Culquoichs, Dellifour, and Achnagaln, the two Cougashes
and Glenlochy in the County of Inverness, five parts of
Linkwood, five parts of Barmuckit}^ and Garbaty, half
the lands of Inchberry, with the half of Ordcipiish, the
half of Mulben, and the lands of Sheriffstown, in the
County of Elgin, into a Barony, to be called the Bai'ony
of Fruquhie, with full and ample ]iowers, civil and crimi-
nal, dated 4th January, 1493. And another Crown charter
is granted by King James IV. to the said John Grant, on
Glenchernick and Ballindalloch, dated 4th February,
1498. He was succeeded in the estate by his son and

XII. John, called "the Bard," because he was a poet,
who married Elizabeth, a daughter of John Gth, the Earl of
Rothes, by whom he had three sons and three daughters;
first, James, M'ho succeeded him ; second, John, the pro-


genitor of the families of Coromony and Sheuglie, in
Urquhart, from the last mentioned of which, Charles
Grant, Esq., M.P., for the County of Inverness, and chair-
man of the Court of Directors of the East India Company,
is lineally descended ; and third, Patrick, of whom are
sprung the Grants of Bonhard, in Perthshire. The daugh-
ters were, first, Isobel, ntUrried to Sir Archibald Campbell,
of Calder; second, Catherine, to John Haliburton, of
Pictur, and after his death to Hugh Lord Lovat; and
third, Agnes, married to Donald, son and apparent heir of
Ewen Allanson, Captain of the Clan Cameron, by Contract
dated 1520, In 1509 King James IV. grants him a Feu
Charter upon the lands and Lordship of Urquhart, and at
the same time another Feu Charter upon the lands and
Barony of Corrimony, to his son John, now represented
by his descendant James Grant, Esquire, of Corrimony,
Advocate. John, died about the year 1527, and was suc-
ceeded by his eldest son,

XIII. James, commonly called Shemish-nan-creach, a
term expressive of the bold and daring character, which,
in conformity with the genius of the times, led him to
resent any injur}^ or insult offered to his Clan, by ravaging
the territories of their enemies.

He was much in esteem and favour with his sovereign,
as his predecessors had always been, and was much em-
ployed by the King and his Government in quelling
insurrections and disturbances in the northern counties,
upon several important occasions, as the writs in his
family archives bear. James was married to Elizabeth,
daughter of Lord Forbes, and of Catherine Stewart,
daughter of John, Earl of Athol, by whom he had a son,
John, who succeeded him, and two daughters, Marion,
married to John Fraser, brother to Hugh Lord Lovat, and
Janet, married the 26th January, 1552, to Alexander
Sutherland, of Duffus,

In 1534, King James V. writes a letter to this James,
Laird of Grant, " praying and charging him, with his kin,
friends, and partakers, to pass with his Lieutenant-
General upon Hector Macintosh, cawand himself Captain
of the Clanchattan and others, his accomplices and par-
takers, and inward them to slachter hership and fire, &c.,
taking their goods to himself for his labour. Given
under the Sign-Manuel at Stirling, the 13th May, and of


his reign the twenty-first year (Signed) James R." Ad-
dressed thus, — " To our well beloved James the Grant of

And on the 28th of July, 1535, at Stirling, the same
King grants under his Seal and Sign-Manuel to his loveit
and Servitour, James Grant, of Fruchie, and all and
sundry his kinsmen, friends, householdmen, tenants, ser-
vants, and inhabitants of his lands of Strathspey, Mulben,
and Urquhart, and all other his lands within the realm,
an exemption from appearance in any of his Majesty's
Courts of Lieutenancy, "Warrandry, Admiral Courts,
Chamberlain Courts, Sherifi' Courts, Bailie Courts, Bur-
row Courts, or any other temporal courts within the
realm, for any action whatever, or at the instance of anj-
person whatever, except before the Lords of Council and
Session only.

In L544, James grants a Commission of Bailery to
his trusty and well beloved friend Alexander Gumming,
of Altyre, upon the lands and Barony of Kinloss, for all
tlie days of his life. He died in 1553, and was succeeded
by his son,

XIV. John Grant, of Freuchy, in 1560 was a Member
of Parliament when the Protestant religion was estab-
lished. He was twice married. First in 1555, to Margaret
Stewart, daughter of John 3rd, Earl of Athol, by Mary,
daughter of Colin, Earl of Argyle. By this lady ho had
two sons and two daughters : the eldest son was Duncan,
and the second Patrick, progenitor of the family of
Rothiemurchus. To this Patrick, John gave a feu charter
on the lands of Over Findlarg or ]\lukeraeh, 2Gth Septem-
ber, 1583, but redeemable, and on his afterwards acquiring
the lands of Rothiemurchus, he gave them to Patiick and
redeemed Mnkcrach. His eldest daughter Catherine, was
married to Colin M'Kenjcie, Laird of Kintail ; and his
second daughter Mary, to Abergeldy. After the death of
his first wife. Lady Margaret Stewart, he married Lsobel
Barclay, who brought him one son, Archibald, the ]n-o-
genitor of the family of Ballintomb, now represented by
Sir Archibald Grant, of Monymusk.

XV. Duncan, Iiis eldest son, married Margaret, daughter
of William, Laird of Macintosh, by whom he had four
sons. John, who succeeded his grandfather; Patrick, oi"
whom the family of Easter Elchies is descended; Robert,


ancestor of the family of Lurg, and James, of Ardnellie.
Duncan died in 1581, before his ftither, who lived till
1585. John was succeeded by his grandson the son of

XVI. John Grant of Freuchy. The chiefs of the family
of Grant for several generations took the addition of
Freuchy; but this gentleman was peculiarly called, and
to this day is known by the name of Jolcn of FrevcJiy.
He was much employed in public aftairs, and was offered
a patent of dignity by King James in IGIO, but he
declined accepting it. He purchased the Lordship of
Abernethy from the Earl of Moray, for 22,000 merks, and
the Estate of Lethen from the Falconers (now Halkerton)
who had long been the proprietors. Along the north
side of the Spey, his property extended as far as Rothes,
he had the estates of Mulben, Cairnty, Mulderies, the
Kinminities, Couperhill, and others near Keith ; the
Baronies of Cromdale and Freuchy, the Lordships of
Glenchernick and Urquhart, besides many others ; and
in short was accounted the most opulent and extensive
land proprietor in the north. He exchanged with the
Earl of Huntl}^ the lands then belonging to the family of
Grant, in Glenlivet and Strathaven, for the lands of
Garteumore, Tulloch, and Rymore, in Abernethy, and of
Curr, Clury, and Tullochgorura, in the Parish of Inver-
allan, which were a part of the sixteen Davochs of the
Lordship of Badenoch, and to which the Lake and Castle
of Lochindorb are a pertinent. In the Deed of excambion,
Huntly reserved a servitude upon that part of the woods
of Abernethy, which lie westward of Star na Manach
(the Monk's Bridge), at the foot of the hill of Rymore, for
repairing the House of Gordon Castle and Blairfindy,
which servitude was abolished by a Decree arbitral settling
the marches betwixt the families of Gordon and Grant,
recorded in the Books of Session, 21st December, 1771.
To his brother Patrick, he gave Easter Elchies, to his
brother James, the ancestor of the Moynes family, he
gave Ardnellie, in Rothes, and to Robert he wadsetted
the Davoch of Lurg and Clachaig ; being burdened with
the portion of his aunt, the Lady Kintail, he paid it by
adjudging the lands of Macdonald, of Glengary, who had
joined Ewan Macallin, of Lochiel, in plundering and
burning the lands of Urquhart, which adjudication he


assigned to Kintail. He married Lillias Murray, daughter
of John, Earl of Athol, by Catherine, daughter of Lord
Drummond. King James VI, and his Queen honoured
the marriage with their presence. This lady brought
him one son, John, his heir, and four daughters, viz.,
Janet, married to Sutherland, of Dutlus; Mar}', to Sir
Laehlan ]\Iacintosh, of that Ilk ; Lillias, to Innes, of
Balvunie ; and Catherine, to Ogilvie, of Kempeairn. He
had also a natural son named Duncan, progenitor of the
family of Clury. He died in 1G22, leaving an opulent
and free estate to his son.