Lachlan Shaw.

The history of the province of Moray. Comprising the counties of Elgin and Nairn, the greater part of the county of Inverness and a portion of the county of Banff,--all called the province of Moray before there was a division into counties online

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in the walls. I counted the sticks in his nest, but had
too much respect for this worthy successor to an ancient
Highland dynasty, even to displace one twig. His pro-
geny, it must be admitted, have but a hard bed, but the
Ked Cumyn did not probably lie much more at his ease.

Sir Thomas Dick Lauder has availed himself of the
romance attending Loch-an-eilan, and has described it
well in his Lochandhu.] (Ed.)


The first of this family was (1) Patrick of
Miikerach, son of John Grant, and Margaret
Steuart, daughter of the Earl of Athole. Upon
the forfeiting of Shaw of Eothiemurchns, Patrick
got Eothiemnrchns and Balnespick, in exchange
for Mukerach. He was succeeded by his eldest
son (2) Duncan, who, having no issue, was suc-
ceeded by his brother (3) John, father of (4)
James, who had three sons, viz., Patrick, Colonel
William, and Mr. John who died a bachelor.
Colonel William purchased the lands of Ballen-
dallach, and was father of Alexander, and of
James, now of Ballendalach. (5) Patrick had
three sons, viz., Patrick of Tullochgrue, Captain


Johu who died a bachelor, and (6) James the
eldest son, father of (7) Patrick, now of Rothie-
murchus [M.P.].

Rothiemmx'hns was by King Alexander 11. ,
anno 1226, gi'anted to Andrew Bishop of Moray,
for a forest, in exchange for other lands. And
Bishop Andrew mortified it to the Cathedral
of Elgin, for fm'nishing lights and candles. The
Shaws and the Cummings had warm and bloody
combats about this possession and Duchiis of
Eothiemiu'chus. The principal seat was a fort
in a loch, called Locli-an-elan, the w^alls whereof
do still remain. And this leads me to give some
ace omit of


It is the general tradition that the Shaws are
descended of Macdirff, Earl of Fife. Sir George
MacKenzie, in his Alpliahetical vianuscrqjt of
Genealogies J says, " That Sheach or Shaw, son
of MacDuff, was progenitor of this name." Sir
Eobert Sibbald dedicates his Modern History of
Fife '' To the Earl of Wemyss, Lord Elcho, and
to the nobility and gentry of the name of Wemyss,
Shaw, Toshean, Dufi", Douglas, Lesley, and Aber-
nethy, descended of the clan Macduff." Mr.
Nisbet, in his Marias of Cadency^ writeth, " That
the Shaws are said to be descended of a younger
son of MacDuff, Earl of Fife." The Bishop of
Carlisle, in his Scottisli Historical Liljrar//, says,


'' I have seen a treatise of the origin and continu-
ance of the Thanes and Earls of Fife sirnamed
MacDuff, of whom the famihes of Macintosh,
Wemyss, Shaw, and Duff are descended." Let
me add, that Dr. Abercrombie, in his Martial
AcJdevements, observeth that King Malcolm Can-
more rewarded those who had contributed to his
restoration, from the names of which, or lands
given to them, many ancient families have their
sirnames, and particularly Gordon, Seaton, Les-
ley, Calder, Shaw, Strachan, Mar, &c.

These hints are sufdcient to show the antiquity
of this name, and their descent from MacDuff.

I see no reason to doubt, that the Shaws in
the south and in the north were originally the
same. But at what time they settled in the
north I cannot determine. The Lord Lyon's
records bear, that Farquhardson of Invercauld
(descended of Shaw of Eothiemurchus) carries
the Lyon of MacDuff as paternal arms ; and a
canton dexter, charged with a hand holding a
dagger, point downwards ; in memory of Shaw of
Eothiemurchus assisting in cutting off the Cum-
mines. Unvaried tradition likewise beareth, that
Shaw Corshiaclach, i.e. huch-tootlied, of Eothie-
murchus, was Captain of the 30 Clan Chattan,
in the memorable conflict against 30 Clan Cays,
on the Inch of Perth, anno 1396, and that the
Shaws possessed Eothiemurchus long before
that time ; and so I may call it probable, that


they settled in the north in the beginning at
least of the 14th century.

The lands of Eothiemurchus having been
granted by King Alexander II. to Andrew
Bishop of Moray, anno 1226, were held of the
Bishops in lease, by the Shaws during a hundred
years without distiu'bance. But, about the year
1350, Cummine of Strathdallas having a lease of
these lands, and unwilling to yield to the Shaws,
it came to be decided by the sword ; and (1)
James Shaw, chief of the clan, was killed in the
conflict. James had married a daughter of Baron
Ferguson in Athole, and his son (2) Shaw, called
CorfiacJdacJi, as soon as he came of age, with a
body of men, attacked Cmnmine, and killed him,
at a place called to this day Lagna-Cinninncli.
He purchased the freehold of Eothiemurchus and
Balinespic ; and by a daughter of Macpherson of
Clunie, had seven sons, James the eldest, and
Farquhar, ancestor of the Farquharsons, etc.
Shaw^ commanded the 30 Clan Chattan on the
Inch of Perth, anno 1396, and djang about 1405,
his grave-stone is seen in the churchyard. (3)
James brought a company of his name to the
Battle of Hardlaw, anno 1411, where he was
killed. His son, by a daughter of Inveretie, (4)
Alexander Kiar, by a daughter of Stuart of Kin-
chardine, had four sons, of whom Dale, Tordar-
roch, and Delnafert, are desccndod ; and (5) John,
by a niece of Macintosh, was father of ((>) Allan,


who, by a daughter of the Laird of Macintosh,
had (7) John, father of (8) Allan, who, having
barbarously murdered his step-father Dallas of
Cantray, was justly forfeited, and the Laird of
Grant purchased the forfeiture about anno 1595.

The arms of Shaw are : Or, a lion rampant, Gule-armed and
Langued az ; a fir-tree growing out of a mount prop, in base ;
and in a canton arg, a dexter-hand coup'd grasping a dagger,


Farquhar, second son of Shaw of Eothiemur-
chus, was forester to the Earl of Mar, about
anno 1440 ; and by a daughter of Kobison of
Lude, was father of (2) Donald, who, by a daugh-
ter of Calvene, had (3) Farquhar Beg, who mar-
ried a daughter of Chisholm of Strathglass, and
had (4) Donald, who married Isabel, only child
of Stuart of Invercauld and Aberarder, and by
her obtained these lands, anno 1520. His son (5)
Finlay More (from whom they are called Clan
Fliinlay) was killed in the Battle of Pinky, bear-
ing the royal standard, 1547. By a daughter of
Garden of Balchorie, he had seven sons, of whom
several respectable families are descended. His
eldest son (6) William had no issue, and was
succeeded by his brother (7) Robert, who married
a daughter of Inverchroskie, and had (8) John,
who, by a daughter of Gartley, had a son (9)
Robert, who married Anne, daughter of Erskine
of Pittodrie, and had Robert and Alexander.


(10) Kobert had no male issue, and was succeeded
by bis brother (11) Alexander, who married a
daughter of Macintosh of that Ilk, and had
William and John. (12) William died unmar-
ried, and was succeeded by his brother (13) John,
who died in 1756 ; by Margaret daughter of Lord
James Moray of Douallie, brother to the Marquis
of Atliole : he had James, and Anne married to
iEneas Macintosh of that Ilk. (14) James mar-
ried Emilia, daughter of Lord George Moray,
son of John, Duke of Atliole, and by her has
issue. ■'•

Invercaukl bears quarterly. 1 and 4, Or, a lion rampant,
Gule-armed and langued az. 2 and 3 arg ; a fir-tree growing
out of a mount in base seeded proj). And on a chief Gule the
banner of Scotland displayed : and in a canton, a dexter-hand
couped fessways, holding a dagger point downward. Crest,
a lion issuant Gule, holding a sword in his dexter-paw, hilted
and pomilled. Or, supporters, two cats saliant. Motto, rroE et


[Translation. — By fidelity and fortitude.]

Having described the country of Strathspey, I
go up the river Spey, and enter into


So cahed from Badan, a bush or thicket, be-

*The present representative is James Koss Farquharson,
oldest son of the late James Farquharson, by dam^t Hamilton,
eldest daughter of General Francis Dundas; born 1) Jan. 1834;
late Lieut. -Col. Scots Fusilier Guards ; married 19 Nov. 18G4,
Elizabeth Louisa, eldt^st daughter of the late Alexander Hal-
dane Oswald, of Aucliincruivc, and by her (who died 8 Aug,
1870) has issue. See Edward Walford's " County Families of
the United Kingdom;" also Sir Bernard Burke's "Landed
Gentry." (Ed.)


cause it was anciently full of wood. I cannot
trace the possessors of this country higher than
to the Cummines, Lords of Badenoch, who, I
doubt not, were lords of it in the 12th or begin-
ning of the 13th century. Upon their being
forfeited by King Robert Bruce, Badenoch made
a part of the Earldom of Moray, granted to Sir
Thomas Randolph, anno 1313. The earldom
reverting to the Crown on the death of "John
Randolph, anno 1346, without issue male, George
Dunbar, Earl of March, had, at least, the title of
Earl of Moray, in right of his mother Agnes
Randolph, sister and heir of Earl John Randolph.
And when King Robert II. granted the Earldom
of Moray to John Dunbar, he accepted Badenoch,
Lochaber, and the Castle of Urquliart out of the
grant. The said King Robert, anno regni 1 mo
1372, granted the sixty Davachs of Badenoch to
his son Alexander and his heirs, which failing, to
his brother David and his heirs {Bot. Bobert II.).
Lord Alexander died anno 1394, without lawful
issue : David likewise left no son, and the Lord-
ship of Badenoch remained in the Crown, till it
was given to the Earl of Huntley, after the
Battle of Brechin anno 1452, in whose family
it continueth.

And because this country is mainly possessed
by the Macintoshes and MacPhersons, I shall
here give a succinct account of these two families
and clans.



No one questions, that this is a branch of the
MacDuffs, Thanes, and Earls of Fife. Toscli in
Irish (from Tus, i. e., first or chief) signifies
Thane, and Macintosh is the Thane's son. (1)
Shaw MacDuff, second son of Dimcan, oth Earl
of Fife, who died anno 1154, is said to have had
a command in the army of Malcolm IV. against
the Moravienses about 1160, and that upon quell-
ing that rebellion, the King made him Governor
of Inverness, and granted him some lands near
to it. This is highly probable ; for when Prince
Henr}^, only son of King David L, died anno
1152, and the king declared Malcolm the son of
Henry successor to the Crown, he committed him
to the foresaid Duncan Earl of Fife, to bring him
through all the countries, and to have him pro-
claimed in all the burghs, heir of the Crown
(CJiron. Metros.). In this tour, Shaw MacDuff
accompanied his father, and got into the favour
of the yoimg prince, who afterwards preferred
him as said is. Shaw fixing his residence in the
north, and being called, Mac-an-tosliicli, i. e.,
" the Thane's son," this became the sirname of
the family. By Giles Montgomery he left issue
(2) Shaw, who was 36 years governor of the
Castle of Inverness, which he bravely defended
against the Lord of the Isles. By a daughter of
Sir Harry Sandyland, he had Ferquhar, William,


and Edward, ancestor of Monivard, and died
1209. (3) Ferquhar had no issue, and was suc-
ceeded by (4) Shaw, son of Wilham, and, by
a daughter of the Thane of C alder, w^as father
of (5) Ferquhar, who fought at the head of his
clan against Haquin King of Norway, in the
Battle of Largs, anno 1263. By Mora, daughter
of Angus Oig Lord of the Isles, he had (6) Angus,
who married Eva, the only child and heir of
Dowal Dal, chief of the Clan Chattan, 1292.
By her he obtained the lands of Locharkeg,
Glenluy, and Strathlochie, which remained with
the family till they were sold to Lochiel in 1665.
Argyle paid the purchase-money, and is Superior
of those lands.

In consequence of this marriage, the Lairds of
Macintosh were (in royal charters, royal mis-
sives, indentures, contracts of amity, &c., of
which I have perused many) designed " Captains
of Clan Chattan." In a bond of man-rent, dated
4th April 1609, and granted by the MacPher-
sons to Macintosh, they name him, " Our Chief,
as it was of auld, according to the Kings of
Scotland, their Gift of Chieftanry of the hail
Clan Chattan" {pen. Macln.). But if there were
such a royal gift, it is now lost. Yet it cannot
be doubted that the Macintoshes, MacPhersons,
MacBeans, Shaws, MacGilivraes, MacQueens,
MacPhails, Smiths, Maclnteers, &c., as one
incorporated body, did own Macintosh for their


captain or leader, for about 300 years. In those
times of barbarity and violence, small tribes or
clans foimd it necessary, to come under the
patronage of more powerful clans. Those incor-
porated tribes foresaid, went by the general name
of Clan Chattan; yet every tribe retained its own
sirname and chief.

Angus, hj his wife Eva, had a nmnerous issue,
and dying about 1346, his eldest son (7) William,
married a daughter of Kory More MacLeod of
Lewis, and had (8) Lachlan, who fought the
Camerons at Invernahavon (See my " Military
History"), and by a daughter of Eraser of Lovate,
had (9) Eerquhar. This gentleman, being of a
peaceable disposition, lived a private life, and
resigned the chieftanry and fortune in favour
of his uncle (10) Malcolm Beg, who brought
a battalion to the Battle of Harlaw anno 1411,
and for his conduct there obtained the lands of
Braelohaber, in 1447. By a daughter of Mac-
Donald of Moidart, he had Duncan, William
of Thylachie, and Lachlan Badenach, and died
1457. (11) Duncan, by Florence, daughter of
MacDonald Earl of Koss, had (12) Eerquhar, who
died 1514, without male issue, and was suc-
ceeded by (13) William, son of Lachlan Bade-
noch, who married Isabel MacNivan, heiress of
Dunachtin. He was murdered in Inverness, by
one of his unruly clan, in 1515 ; of him came
Strone. His brother (14) Lachlan Oig succeeded.


and married Jean, heiress of line of Gordon of
Lochinvar, and was barbaroiisly murdered by
some of his clan, in 1524. His son (15) William
married a daughter of Findlater, and was treacher-
onsly miuxlered in Huntley Castle by that Earl's
orders, anno 1550, for which Huntley paid a
great assythment or compensation in lands. His
son (16) Lachlan More was a gentleman greatly
respected, for his behaviour in the Battle of
Glenlivat, 1594 (See my "Military History").
He married a daughter of Lord Kintale, and died
1606. Of his sons are descended the families of
Borlum, Aberarder, and Corrybrugh. His eldest
son Angus went abroad to travel, and died in
Padua anno 1593 ; by a daughter of the Earl of
Argyle, he left a son (17), Sir Lachlan, who was,
for some time, a gentleman of the bed-chamber
to Prince Charles. He married a daughter of the
Laird of Grant, and died in 1622, leaving two
sons, William and Angus of Daviot. (IS) Wil-
liam, by a daughter of Graeme of Fintrey, had a
son, and dying in 1660, (19) Lachlan married the
daughter of Lindsey of Edzel, and dying in 1704,
his son (20) Lachlan died in 1731 without issue,
and was succeeded by (21) William son of Lachlan
of Daviot. This gentleman served some years in
the army, and was finely accomplished, and
dying in 1740 without issue, was succeeded by
his brother (22) Angus, who married a daughter
of John Farquharson of Invercauld, and died in


1770 without issue. He was succeeded by his
nephew ^neas, sou of Alexander third son of
Lachlan of Daviot.

For arms, Macintosh taketh quarterly. 1. Or, a lion ram-
pant Gules for MacDuff. 2. Arg. a dexter-hand couped fess-
ways, grasping a man's heart in pale Gules. 3. Az. a boar's
head couped, Or, for Gordon of Lochinvar. 4. Or, a lymf ad ;
her oars in saltire erected, sab. for Clan Chattan. Supporters,
two wild cats proper. Crest, a cat saliant as the last. IMotto,



An account of the original of the Clan Chattan
and MacPhersons is published in the Dictionaries
of Collier^ Moreri, &c., too long to be transcribed
here. I am sorry the author of it discovereth
more vanity than historical knowledge. His
fetching the Clan Chattan from Germany, because
Tacitus mentions the Catti in that country, is a
poor j)laying with the jingle of words. The
marrying GiUicatan-more to the sister of Brute,
King of the Picts, is mere vanity, Avithout any
foundation. The making the ancestor of the
Keiths to have served King Kenneth II. in over-
throwing the Picts is an unpardonable anachron-
ism ; for the Picts were overthrown by Kenneth
about anno 842, and the ancestor of the Keiths
was not heard of before the Battle of Barry, anno
1010. And the sending one of the clan on a
pilgrimage through a great part of Europe and
Asia, and then making him King of Leinster in
Ireland, is such knight errantry as none but the


Irish should commit to writing, and yet not one
of their historians mentioneth it.

It is to me probable, from the names Muiroch,
Ewan, Colum, Gilicolmn, &c., so frequent among
the Clan Chattan, that they came originally from
Ireland, and either took their name from or gave
their name to Gatav, now Sutherland, their
ancient residence. Sutherland, in Irish Gatav,
and Caithness, Gualav, were anciently called
Catenesiacis et tdtra montem, viz. Orel. In Irish
Gad is altus, high ; and Guael is himiilis, low,
plain. And so Gatav (from Gad, high, and Taohh
or Tav, a side) is the high side of the Ord ; and
Gaul av is the low side of it. The very nature
and figure of the country confirmeth the ety-
mology — and the inhabitants might have taken
their name, Gatacli, from the country. Or, if
they were so called from Saint Catan or Cathain,
an ancient Scottish Saint to whom the Priory of
Ardchattan in Lorn was dedicated, and the Priory
of Searinch in Lewis uhi exiivicB Sancti Gattani
asservantur, "Where the remains of St. Cattan
are preserved " (Keith's Gatal. of Scottisli B2:>s.),
they might have given their name to the country.
In this I shall not determine, and shall only add
that their antiquity in Catav was such that I
have not heard of any inhabitants in that country
before them.

At what time, and upon what occasion, they
removed from Caithness and Sutherland into

VOL. I. 18


Lochaber I find not. The current tradition is
that they were expelled, because Gillicattan,
their chief, disobeyed a call to attend the royal
standard, jirobably in the beginning of King
Malcolm II. 's reign, which commenced anno
1004, and who then called his subjects into the
field against the invading Danes. The conjecture
seemeth to be favoured by this, that their chief
was commonly called Gillicatan-more o' Gualav,
i.e., '' The Great Gillicattan from Caithrless,"
impljdng that he came, or w^as driven, from

From Gillicattan More some of them are called
MacGillichattans. The general name is Catenach
— from Muirach they are termed Clan Mhuirach,
and from Gillicattan Clerach, Parson of Kin-
gussie, they go now in Badenoch by the name of
MacPherson. The MacBains, MacPhails, Cat-
teighs, are branches of the old Clan Chattan ;
and the Keiths are likewise said to have descended
from them. At what time they came from Loch-
aber into Badenoch I find not. Surely it was
not all at one time, and probably the forfeiture of
Cummine, Lord Badenoch, by King Robert Bruce,
made room for them in that country.

It is the common tradition that Gili-Cattan-
More lived in the reign of King Malcolm II.,
Cent. XL, and the most probable account I find
of his descendants for about 200 years is as
follows : — (1 ) Gili-Cattan More was father of (2)


Dougal, father of (3) Gili Cattan and David Dow
ancestor of Invernahavon. Gili Cattan was
father of (4) Miiirach More, who had two sons,
Kenneth and Gih-Cattan Clerach. (5) Kenneth
had no issue, and was succeeded by his brother
(()) Gih-Cattan Clerach, Parson of Kingussie,
who resigned his pastoral charge, married, and
became Chief of the Clan. He had two sons,
Gili-Patrick and Ewan-Bane. (7) Gili-Patricl.
was father of (8) Doual Dal, whose only child,
Eva, married Angus Macintosh of that ilk about
anno 1292. The direct male line failing thus,
the chieftainry devolved to the descendants of
Ewan-Bane, second son of Gili-Cattan Clerach.
Ewan-Bane died about anno 1296, leaving three
sons, viz., Kenneth, ancestor of Clunie ; John,
ancestor of Pitmean ; and Gelis, the first of the
family of Inveralbie. These, and their descend-
ants, assumed the surname of MacPherson, from
the said Parson of Kingussie ; but the posterity
of David Dow of Invernahavon were called Clan
Dabbi in my time.

In the 14th century the Clan Chattan possessed
the greatest part of the country of Badenoch, and
lived happy and respected. But a fatal discord
between two of the tribes broke their harmony,
and occasioned the memorable combat on the
North Inch of Perth in the year 1396. The
Earls of Crawford and Moray, by commission,
attempted to reconcile them, but without success ;


wherefore they proposed that thhty on each side
should decide the quarrel by the sword in pre-
sence of the King and nobility. (Who the com-
batants were, and what the difference between
them was. see my Military History.) The
parties, like the Eoman Horatii and Curatii,
accepted the motion ; but when they were met
on the day appointed one of the Clan Chattan
had absented through fear, and a smith named
Henry Wyne offered to supply his place for a
crown of gold, about 7s. 6d. value. The conflict
was fierce and desperate. Of the Clan Cay, 29
were killed, and the 30th escaped by swimming
the Tay; and of the Clan Chattan, 19 were
killed. The victory was much owing to Henry
Wyne, which gave rise to the proverb, "He did
very well for his own hand, as Henry Wyne did."
His posterity (called Sliochd a Giine CJiruiin,
the issue of the stooping smith) were incorporated
with the Clan Chattan.

The family of Cluny, from Ewan-Bane, con-
tinued the succession, but I cannot pretend to
give the names of the representatives before the
last century. I know that in 1660 Andrew was
laird of Cluny, whose son, Ewan, was father of
Duncan, who died in 1722 without male issue.
The direct line thus failing, the nearest collateral
male was Lachlan MacPherson of Nuid (son of
William, who was son of Donald, whose father,
John, was brother to the foresaid Andrew of


Cluny). Lachlan, in 1722, had the designation
of Cluny, and by Jean, daughter of Sir Ewan
Cameron of Lochiel, was father of a numerous
issue, of which the eldest son, Ewan of Cluny,
rashly engaged in the Eebellion 1745, and was
forfeited. He left a son by Janet, daughter of
Simon, late Lord Lovat, called Duncan.

Cluny beareth for arms : — Parted per fess. Or and az. a
lymphad, sails trussed and oars in action, of the first. In the
dexter chief point, a hand couped fessways, grasping a dagger,
point upwards, Gule. And in the sinister, a cross crosslet
fitchie, of the last. Crest, a cat sejant proper. Motto, Touch
NOT THE Cat Gloveless.


That is, rochj, from ail, a rock. It lieth, a
part on each side of Spey. On the west side, it
extendeth fi'om Craig Elachie 7 miles in length,
and little above hah" a mile in breadth, from the
river to the hills.

The Church standeth near to a mile from the
north end of the parish, in a peninsula of a lake
called Loch Alvie, 6 miles south of Duthil, 1^
miles west of Kothiemurchus, 2^ miles north of
Inch, and 6 miles north of Kingussie.

In the north end is Lenevulg, the property of
the Duke of Gordon.

Next southward is Delraddie, a part of the
estate of MacPherson of Invereshie.

Below Delraddie on the side of the river, is
Kinrara, for some generations the heritage of


Macintosh of Kinrara and Balnespic, and now a
wadset pertaining to Eothiemurchus.

South from Deh'addie are Dihafoure, Pitcherin,
and Pitaurie. The first, a feu-property of Mac-
Pherson of Dihafoure. The other two, the pro-
perty of the Duke of Gordon.

Farther south is the barony of Dunachten, the
property of the Laird of Macintosh, which came
into his family, about anno 1500, by mariying
the heiress. Here Macintosh had a seat; but
being burnt in 1689, it has not been rebuilt.

Next thereto are the lands of Eait, the seat of