Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society.

Proceedings of the Leeds Philosophical and ..., Volume 7, Issues 3-4 online

. (page 12 of 23)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Resident. Common. Breeds. Usually, but improp-
erly called " Bald Eagle." I have been told by an old
hunter, of an eagle of much larger size killed in this region,
which may have been the little known " Washington
Eagle" of Audubon.

Pandion carolinensis, Bon. Pish Hawk. Summer visi-
tant. Not very common. Frequently seen about our
lakes and rivers in summer, but I have never found it
breeding in this vicinity. Arrives about the middle of
April.

Bubo virginianus, Bon. Great Horned OwL " Cat OwV*
Resident. Very common. Breeds. I have obtained the
young of this species nearly half grown, but still covered
with down. May 1st, 1857, from a nest in a tall, hollow
jpine. There were three young in the nest, one of which
was considerably smaller than the other two. One of the
latter, a male, is now alive at the Aquarial Gardens in
Boston, and is in excellent plumage and of unusually
large size, but has never shown any signs of gentleness or
^submission. I have obtained young just beninning to
;fly, June 8th. I have seldom found nests among the
branches of trees.

Scops asio, Bon. Mottled Owl, Red Owlj Screech OwL
Resident. Common. Breeds.

Otus Wilsonianus, Les. Long-eared OwL Resident.
Common. Breeds. This species is quite common, espe-
cially in autumn.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



143

The Short-eared Owl (JBrachyotus Cassinii) probably
also occurs, but I have never obtained any specimens.

Syrnium cinebeum, Aud. Great Gray Owl. Winter visi-
tant. Very rare.

S. NEBULOSUM, Gray. Barred Owl. Resident. Common.
Breeds.

Nyctale acadica, Bon. Saw-whet Owl, Little Owl. Resi-
dent. Common. Breeds.

Nyctea nivea, Gray. Snotpy Owl. Winter visitant. Not
common. This species is very gentle and becomes tame
very readily in confinement, differing greatly in this
respect from the Great Horned Owl.

SuBNiA ULULA, Bon. Hawk Owl. Autumn and winter.
Common. This species is quite common from the first
of November to the middle of March. I have never seen
it in summer.

CoccYGUS americanus, Bon. Yelhiv-billed Ouckoo. Sum-
mer visitant. Not common. I have never found nests of
this species at Norway, although it probably breeds there.

C. erythrophthalmus, Bon. Black-billed Cuckoo. Sum-
mer visitant. Common. Breeds. Much more common
than the last. Have not observed it before the 20th ot
May.

Picus viLLOSUS, Linn. Hairy Woodpecker. Resident.
Very common. Breeds.

P. PTJBESCENS, Linn. Downy Woodpecker. Resident. Very
common. Breeds. The young remain in the nest until
the last of July or first of August, and are then fully
grown.

PicoiDES ARCTicus, Gray. Blachbacked Three-toed Wood^
pecker. Spring, fall and winter. Very common. This
species is abundant from the middle of October to the
middle of March. Have never seen it here in summer.

Sphyrapicus varitts, Baird. Yellow-bellied Woodpecker.
Summer visitant. Common. Breeds. Arrives about
the middle of April. This is the true " Sap Sucker"
which injures apple trees, though the Downy Woodpecker
is too often unjustly punished for it.



Digitized by V:rOOQlC



144

Hylatomus pileatus, Baird. Pileated Woodpecker^ Black
Woodcoch, Resident. Common. Breeds. Most com-
mon in winter.

Melaneepes ebythrocephalus, Sw. Red-headed Wbodr
pecker. Summer visitant. Rare.

CoLAPTES AURATUS, Sw. " Yellow Hammer^ Summer
visitant. Very common. Breeds. Grenerally arrives the
last of March. Eggs laid the last week in May.

Trochilus colubeis, Linn. Humming Bird. Summer
visitant. Common. Breeds. Arrives about the middle
of May.

Chaetura pelasgia, Steph. Chimney Swallow. Sum-
visitant. Abundant. Breeds. Arrives the second week
in May.

Antrostomus vociferus, Bon. Whip-poor-will. Summer
visitant. Common. Breeds. Arrives May 3d to 20th.
The eggs are laid the first of June.

Chordeiles popetue, Baird. Night Hawk. Summer visitant.
Common. Breeds. Arrives the last of April. Eggs laid
early in June.

Cebyle alcyon, Boir. Betted King Fisher. Summer visi-
tant. Common. Breeds. Sometimes seen in winter,
but not numerous until the middle of April. Have found
the eggs in March.

Tyrannus carolinensis, Baird. King Bird. Summer vis-
itant. Veiy common. Breeds. Arrives about May
10th. Eggs are laid the first week in June.

Myiarchus crinitus. Cab. Great Crested Flycatcher. Sum-
mer visitant. Rare.

Sayornis fuscus, Baird. Pewee. Summer visitant. Com-
mon. Breeds. ' Often seen as early as the first of March,
and becomes common by the first of April. Very irregu-
lar in its time of nesting. The young are gener^y
hatched the last of May.

. CoNTOPUS borealis, Baird. Olive-sided Flycatcher. Sum-
mer visitant. Not very common. Probably breeds.
Not observed before the 20th of May. This species is



Digitized by VjOOQIC



145

quite common at the Umbagog Lakes.

C vmBNS, Oab. Wood Pewee. Summer visitant. Com-
mon. Breeds. Arrives the last of May. Muck less
common than in Massachusetts.

IbipmoNAX Tbaillii. Baird. TrailFs Flycatcher. Sum-
mer visitant. Not common. Arrives the third week in
May.

B. MINIMUS. Baird. Least Flycatcher. Summer visitant.
Common. •Breeds. Arrives about the middle of May.

E. PLAVIVENTMS, Baird. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher. Sum-
mer visitant. Not very common. The only specimens
procured were shot from the last of May to the middle of
June.

TuBDUs Pallasii, Cab. Hermit Thrush. Summer visitant.
Very common. Breeds. This is the most common
Thrush except the Robin. The nest is built upon 'the
ground. The eggs, four in number, are rather oblong
and bright blue. Arrives April 16th to 26th. The eggs
are laid the last of May.

T. FUSCESCENS, Steph. WilsorCs Thrush. Summer visitant.
Not common. Breeds. Builds its nest upon the ground.
Eggs hght blue.

T. SwAiNSONii, Cab. Olive-backed Thrush. Summer visi-
tant. Bare. More common northward. I have never
found this species breeding at Norway. The nest is built
in low trees or bushes. The eggs aire bluish-green spot-
ted with light brown.

T. MIGRATOMUS, Linn. Robin. Summer visitant. Very
abundant. Breeds. Arrives the last of March. Eggs
are laid the second week in May.

SiAUA siALia, Baird. Blue Bird. Sununer visitant. Very

Simmon. Breeds. Generally arrives the last week in
arch. The eggs are often laid the third week in April.
Sometimes remains till the middle of October.

B.EGULUS CALENDULA, Licht. Ruby-CTowfied Wren. Spring
and fall. Sometimes very common in May. Arrives in
spring about the 20th of April. Common in fall the last
<rf October and first of November.

B8SBX INST. PBOCEBI). VOL. iii. 19.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



146

R. SATRAPA, Licht. Goldenrcrested TFren. Spring and
tall. , Not very common. According to 3Ir< S, I. Smith
a fe\^ remain during summer in the dense cedar swamps
and pi'obably breed. Arrives in spring about the 20tb of
April. In fall, common from the last oif October to De-
cember.

Mniotilta vabia, Vieill. Black and White Creeper^ Sum-
mer visitant. Not common. Breeds.

Parula AMERICANA, Bou. Bluc Yellow-bocked Warbler.
Summer visitant. Not common. Breeds. Not observed
before the 20th of May.

Geothlypis TRICHA8, Cab. Maryland Yellow Throat. Sum-
mer visitant. Very common. Breeds. Arrives, about
the middle of May. The eggs are laid the last of May or
first of June.

The Mourning Warbler ( G. Philadelphia^ will proba-
bly be found, but I have not observed it.

Helminthophaga ruficapilla, Baird. Nashville Warbler.
Summer visitant. Rare. Arrives the second week in
May. Sometimes common in spring.

The Tennessee Warbler (H peregrirui) will probably
be found as a rare species.

Seiurus aurocapillus Sw. Goldenrcrowned Thrush, Oven
Bird Summer visitant. Common. Breeds. Arrives
early in May.

S, NOVEBORACENSis, Nutt. Water Thrush. Summer visitant.
Not very common. A nest, found June 8, 1861, in a dense
cedar swamp, was built in an excavation in the side of
a decayed moss covered log, so that the excavation itself
formed an arch over the nest, instead of one made by the
bird, as in the preceding species. The nest was con-
structed of moss and lined with fine roots. The five
eggs, were of a delicate flesh color, spotted with light
reddish brown. Arrives the first of May.

Dendroica virens, Baird. Black-throated Green Warbler.
Summer visitant. Not common. Breeds. Arrives the sec-
end week in May.

D. CANADENSIS, Baird. Black-throated Blue Warbler. Sum*
mer visitant. Not common.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



147

I). COBONATA, Gray. Yellow-rumped Warbler. Spring and
aiitumn. Very commom. Not known to breed in this
vicinity. Arrives tlie first week in. May. ,

1). BLACKBUBNi-ffl, Baird. Blackburnian Warbler. Summer
visitant. Not uncomtnon, but rarely seen on account of
< its habit of keeping concealed among the dense fpliage.
Breeds. Arrives the third week in May.

D. CASTANEA, Baird. Bap-breasted Warbler. Spring and
fall. Rare. The only specimen obtained was shot by
my brother, G. W. Verrill, in June.

D. PENNSYLVANICA, Baird. Chestnut-sided Warbler- Summer
visitant. Rather common. Breeds. Arrives the second
week in May.

D. STRIATA, Baird. Black Poll Warbler. Summer visitant.
Not often seen at Norway in summer, but very common
at the Umbagog Lakes.

D. -assTiVA, Baird. Yellow Warbler^ often called Summer
Yellow Bird. Summer visitant. Very common. Breeds.

• Arrives about the middle of May. The eggs are laid the
first week in June.

D. MACULOSA, Baird. Magnolia Warbler. Spring and fall.
Not common. One specimen was shot in June. Not
known to breed here.

The Cape May Warbler, (D. tigrina) will probably be
found as a rare bird.

P.PALMARUM, Baird. Yellow Red-poll Warbler. Spring and
fall. Common. Arrives about the middle of April, ear-
lier than any other Warbler. Possibly a few may re-
main and breed. Common the last of September and

' first of October, leaves about the middle of October.

Myiodioctespusillus, Bon. Wilson^ s Blade-cap Flycatcher.
Summer visitant. Not common. The only specimen ob-
tained at Norway was shot by Clarence M. Smith, in
June.

M. CANADENSIS, Aud. CaTioda Flycatcher. Summer visitant.
Common. Breeds. Arrives about the middle of May.

Setophagaruticilla, Sw. Red Start Summer visitant. Com-
mon. Breeds. Arrives about the middle of May.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



148

Ptbanga bubba, Vieill. Scarlet Tanager. Summer visitant.
Bare.

HiBUNDO HOBBEOBTTM, Barton. Bam Swallow. Suimner visi-
tant. Abundant. Breeds. Arrives April 22d to May 1st.

H. LUNiPBONS, Say. Eaves Swallow^ C&ff SwaXLow. Summer
visitant. Abundant. Breeds. Arrives early in May.
The eggs are laid the first of June.

H. BICOLOB, Vieill. White-bellied SwaHota^ Sununer visitant.
Common. Breeds. Arrives by the middle of April. Gen-
erally nests in " Martin Houses,'* or in sheltered places
about the eaves of buildings.

CoTYLE KiPABiA, Boie. Bank Swallow. Summer visitant.
Abundant. Breeds. Arrives the second week in May.
The eggs are laid the first week in June.

Pbogne pubpubea, Boie. Martin. Summer visitant. Abund-
ant. Breeds. Arrives the last week in April. Some-
times a few come a little earlier.

Ampelis cedbobum, Baird. Cedar Bird. Summer visitant
Abundant. Breeds. Sometimes seen as early as the first
of March, but is quite irregular in its habits.

CoLLYBio bobeaus, Baird. Butcher Bird Shrike, Autumn
and winter. Common.

Vibeo OLiVACEUS, Vieill. Red-eyed Flycatcher. Summer visi-
tant. Very common. Breeds. Arrives about the middle
of May.

V. GiLVUS, Bon. Warbling Flycatcher. Sumoner visitant*
Common. Breeds. Arrives the first of May.

V. souTABius, Vieill. Blue-headed Flycatcher. Sunmier visi-
tant. Not very common. Breeds. Arrives during tha
second week in May.

Mmus CAB0LINENSI8, Gray. Cat Bird. Summervisitant. Very
common. Breeds. Arrives May 15 to 20tb. The eggs
are laid the second week in June.

Habpobhynchus BUPU8, Cab. Brovm Thrush. Summer visi-
tant. Common. Breeds. Arrives about the middle of May»
The eggs are laid the first of July and perhaps earlier.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



149

TiWGLODYTEs'iBDON, Vieill. Emse Wren. Summer visitaxit.
Common. Breeds. Arrives about the middle of May.

T. HYEMAUS, Vieill. Winter Wren. Probably resident. Not
common^ I have seen it only in spring.

T. AMERiCANUS, Aud. Wood Wren. Spring and fall. Not
common. Possibly breeds.

Certhia AMERICANA, Bon. American Brown (keeper. Sum-
mer visitant. Not common. Breeds.

SiTTA CAROLiNENSis, 6m. White-bellied NtUkatch. Resident.
Common. Breeds.

S. CANADENSIS, Linn. Red-bellied Nuthatch. Resident. Very
common. Breeds.

Parus atricapillus, Linn. Chickadee. Resident. Very com-
mon. Breeds. The eggs are laid in May. I have found
young the first week in June.

Ebemophila cornuta, Boie. Shore Lark. Winter visitant.

Not common.
Pinicola canadensis, Cab. Pine Grosbeak. Winter visitant.

Very common.

Carpodacus purpureus, Gray. Purple Finch. Summer visi-
tant. Common but much less abundant than near the
Umbagog *Lakes. Breeds. Arrives the first of April.

Chrysomitris tristis, Bon. Yellow Birdj Thistle Bird, Sum-
mer visitant. Very common. Breeds. Arrives the sec-
ond week in May. Remains till the first of November.

C. PiNUS, Bon. Pine Finch, Spring and Autumn. Common,
Not observed breeding at Norway, but found very common
near the Umbagog Lakes in July, evidently breeding.
Breeds, also, among the White Mountains, where it is
very common.

CxJBViROSTRA AMERICANA, Wils. Red Crossbill. Spring and
sununer. Common.

C. LEUCOPTERA, Wils. Whitc-winged CrossbUl. Winter visi-
tant. Common.

^GiOTHUS LiNARiA, Cab. Red Poll Linnet. Fall, winter and
spring. Very common. Most abundant in Jfarch and
April.

- ESSEX INST. PROCEEI). VOL. iii. 191,



Digitized by VjOOQIC



150

PLectrophanes nivaus, Meyer. Snow Bunting, White
Snow Bird. Winter visitant. Common.

The Lapland Longspur fP. lapponicus) will also un-
doubtedly be occasionally met with, in winter.

Passebculus savanna, Bon. Savannah Sparrow, Summer
visitant. Common. Breeds. Arrives April 15th to 20th.
The eggs are usually laid by the middle of May.

PooECETES GBAMiNEUS, Baird. Grass Finch. Summer visi-
tant. Common. Breeds. Arrives about the middle of
April. The eggs are laid the first of June,

ZoNOTRiCHiA LEUCOPHRYS, Sw. WhUe-crowned Sparrow.
Spring and fall. Rare.

Z. ALBICOLLTS, Bon. Wliite-throated Sparrow, ''Peabody
Bird,^' Summer visitant. Common. Breeds. This
beautiful sparrow, though quite common at Norway, Is
much more abundant near the Umbagog Lakes. Arrives
about the middle of April.

JuNCO HYEMALis, Sclat. Bltie Snow Bird. Winter, spring
and fall. Abundant. I have never found this bird breed-
ing at Norway, but it is very common, and breeds, at the
Umbagog Lakes and among the White Mountains.

Spizella monticola, Baird. Tree Sparrow. Spring and
fall. Common^ Most abundant from the middle to last
of April.

S. PUSiLLA, Bon. Field Sparrow. Summer visitant. Com-
mon. Breeds. Arrives the last of April.

S. sooiALis, Bon. Chipping Sparrow. Summer visitant.
Very common. Breeds. Arrives the first week in April.
The eggs are laid the last of May.

Melospiza melodia, Baird. Song Sparrow. Summer visi-
tant. Very common. Breeds. Arrives March 18 to
30th. The eggs are laid about the middle of May.

M. PALUSTRis, Baird. Swamp Sparrow. Summer visitant.
Not common. Breeds.

Passebblla xliaca, Sw. Fox-colored Sparrow. Spring and
iiall. Common.

GuiRACA LUDOViciANA, Sw. Rosc-breasted Grosbeak. Sum-
mer visitant. Not common.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



151

Otanospiza gyanba, Baird. Indigo Bird. Summer visitant.
Common. Breeds. Arrives early in May.

PiPiLO EBTTHROPHTHALMUS, Vieill. Towhee Btrnting. Sum-
mer visitant. Not common. Breeds. Arrives the first of
May.

DoLiCHONYX ORYZivoRUS, Sw. BoboUfik. Summer visitant.
Very common. Breeds. Arrives about the middle of
May. The eggs are laid early in June.

MoLOTHRUS PECORis, Sw. Cow Blackbird, Summer visitant.
Common. Breeds. Arrives usually the first week in
April.

AoEL-ffiUS PHCENiCEUS, Vieill. Red-winff Blackbird. Sum-
mer visitant. Very common. Breeds. Arrives March
20th to April 4th. The eggs are laid the last of May.

Icterus Baltimore, Daud. Baltimore Oriole. Summer visi-
tant. Common. Breeds. Arrives from the first, to the
middle of May.

ScoLECOPHAGUS FERRUGiNEUS, Sw. Rustr/ Blackbird. Spring.
Common. Arrives before the middle of April.

QuiscALUS VERSICOLOR, Vieill. Orow Blackbird. Summer
visitant. Common. Breeds. Arrives the last of March
or first of April.

CoRVUS AMERiCANUS, Aud. Common Orow. Resident. Very
abundant. Breeds. Not often seen in midwinter. The
eggs are laid at various times from April to June. I have
found young nearly largo enough to fly May 25th, and
eggs at the same time.

0. CARNivoRUS, Bart. American Raven. Accidental. Very
rare.

Cyanura cristata, Sw. Bbie Jay. Resident. Abundant.
Breeds. Not often seen in midwinter. Becomes abund-
ant by the middle of March.

Perisoreus CANADENSIS, Bou. Canada Jay. Winter visitant.
Common.

Ectopistes migratoria, Sw. Wild Pigeon, Summer visitant.
Common. Breeds. Arrives from the 7th of April to the
4th of May.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



152

Tetbao canadensis, Linn. Spruce Partridge. Accidental
and very rare at Norway, but a common resident near tke
Umbi^gog Lakes.

BoNASA UMBELLUS, Staph. Buffed Grouse j ^^ Partru^e**
Besident. Very common. Breeds. The drommmg
of the male, I have heard from the 10th of April to the
7th of June. The young are hatched about the first of
June.

Abdea Hebodias, Linn. Oreat Blue Ekron. Summer visi-
tant. Common. Breeds in cedar swamps abundantly.
There are generally several nests in a tree. Arrives the
last of March or first of April.

BOTAUBUS LBNTIGINOSUS, Stcph. Bittern^ ^' Stake Driver. ^^
Summer visitant. Common. Breeds. Arrives early in
May, perhaps earlier.

CHABADRros VTBGiNicus, Borck. Golden Plover. Autumn.
Common.

Philomela minor, Gray. American Woodcock. Summer
visitant. Not common. Breeds.

ACTODROMAS M ACULATA, Cassiu. Jack Snipe. Autumn. Not
common. One specimen obtained and several others
seen. — S. I. Smith.

Gambetta melanoleuca, Bon. Tell Tale. Summer visi-
tant. Not common.

G. PLAViPES, Bon. Yellow Legs. Summer visitant. Not
common; Have seen this, or the preceding, species about
the Umbagog Lakes in summer, where it probably breeds
in small numbers.

RHTACOPmLUB sOLiTABins, Bou. Solitary Sandpiper. Sum-
mer visitant. Not very common. It is doubtful whether
it breeds here. Arrives the first of May or earlier.

Tringoides kagularius, Gray. Spotted Sandpiper. Sum-
mer visitant. Very common. Breeds. Arrives the first
of April.

AcTiTURUS Bartramius, Bon. Field Plover. Summer vis-
itant. Common. Breeds. Arrives in April. The ^gs
are laid about the first of June.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



158

FOBZANA CAROLINA, Vieill. Common Rail. Summer visi-
tant. Not common.

Bernicla canadensis, Boie. Wild Goose. Spring and
fall. Common.

B. BBENTA, Steph. Brant. Spring and Fall. Common'.

Anas boschas, Linn. Mallard. Spring and fall. Rare.

A. OBSCURA, 6m. Black Duck. Summer visitant. Com-
mon. Breeds. Arrives the last of March or first of April.
The young are hatched during the latter part of June.
The eggs are often laid before the middle of May.

QuEBQUEDULA DiscoBS, Steph. Bltte-winffcd Teal. Spring
and fall. Common.

Aix SPONSA, Boie. Wood Duck. Summer visitant. Com-
mon. Breeds.

FuLix AFFiNis, Baird. Black-headed Duck. Spring and

fall. Not common.
F. coLLABis, Baird. Ring-^necked Duck. Spring and fall.

Not common.
Aythya amebic ANA, Bou. Red-headed Duck. Spring and

fall. Rare.

BucEPHALA AMEBiCANA, Baird. GoldfCn JEi/e, ": Whistler J^
Spring and fall. Common. Sometimes- seen in midwinter.

B. ALBEOLA, Baird. Buffel Head. Spring and fall. Common.

Harelda glacialis, Leach. Old Squaw. Spring and fall.
Not common.

V

Pelionetta pebspicillata, Kaup. . Surf Duck. Spring
fall. Rare.

Mebgus amebicanus, Cass. Sheldrake. Spring and fall.
Common.

M. SEBBATOB, Linn. Redrbreasted Sheldrake. Spring and
fall. Not common.

Labus abgentatus,* Brunn. Herring Gull. Accidental.
Often seen about our rivers and lakes in summer.

* Since this was written, the American Herring Gall has been separated from the
European, under the name of Lams Smithsoniantui, by Mr. Elliott Coues. (See
Proc. Phil. Acad. Nat. Sc. 1862, p. 296.)

ESSEX INST. PBOCBEI). VOL. iii, 20.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



164

Chb(ecocephalus Philadelphia, Lawr. Bonaparte's (SuU.
Spring and fall. Not common. Often seen about our
rivers and lakes, and can hardljr be considered as acci-
dental.

A specimen in immature plumage shot Aug. 10, 1858 is
remarkable for the shortness and slenderness of its bill eyeu
when compared with other specimens shot at the same season,
but as in other species of gulls the bill is a long time iu
reaching its full length, this may be due merely to age. In
this specimen the head and neck are white with a broad
patch of grayish slate on the upper and posterior part of the
head and a roundish spot of slate below and posterior to each
eye. This spot is formed by the dark tips of the auriculars.
The back and greater wing corerts are light grayish blue, bu^
this color is nearly concealed on the back between the
shoulders and on the scapulars by the brownish tips of the
feathers, each of these being edged and broadly tipped wilii
yellowish white and below this with brown ; some of the
lesser coverts are of the same color, but those near flie bend
of the wing are dark slate.

The primaries are all tipped with black for about an inch
and this color extends along the whole length of the outer
and part of the inner webs of the two first primaries, and
along the greater part of the outer web of the third ; the
other primaries, with the extreme tips of all except the two
first, are light bluish gray ; the rump, tail coverts, and greater
part of the tail, pure white ; the tail is crossed at the end by
a band of black three-fourths of an inch wide, the extreme
tips of the tail feathers being white. All the under parts
pure white, except the sides of the breast where there is a
patch of very light brown ; bill light brown at the base,
darker at the end ; legs and feet very light yellow without
any tinge of the orange-red seen in those of the adult. The
bill is slender, slightly curved at the end, and without the
notch seen in that of the mature bird.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



155
Comparative Measurements.



W7
178




I^pgtli (fresh 8pecimeaa) • - - -
Ex^a4i gf wiiig»,

Wi#& '

TaFflfUfi, . r - - - - -

Midcll© toe,

He^ SkJ^d bill,

Bffl ^wg top,

Bill from feathers of side of upper mandible,
Bill from do.^ of lower mandible,
Bill from the nostrils, - . - -
Bill from prominence of the lower mandible,
Width of bill (opposite feathers of the side)



No. 146 is a full plumaged male shot in May..
No. 173 is the young specimen described above.

CoLYMBUS TOBQUATUS, Bruun. Loon. Northern Diver.
Summer visitant. Very common. Breeds. Arrives
about the middle of April. The eggs are laid about the
middle of June and sometimes later. Young are hatched
the first week in July.

C. ABcncus, (?) Linn. Black-throated Diver. A sped-
jnen in immature plumage shot May 6tii, 1858, agrees
very closely with Audubon's description of the young of
this species, but seems to be rather the young of G. tor-
quatus. I have never obtained an undoubted specimen
of 0. arcticus.

PoDiCEPS CORNUTUS, Lath. Homed Grebe. Spring and
Fall. Not common.

PoDYUMBUS PODICEPS, LawT. Water Witch. Spring and
fall. Common. It is possible that this species breeds
here, but I have never seen it in summer.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



156

BiBDS FOUND IN MaINE NOT OBSERVED AT NORWAY.

In order to render the foregoing catalogue more complete"
and valuable for comparison, the following list of addi-
tional species, that have been found in other parts of the
state, is added. They belong principally to three classes,—
1st, those that frequent the seacoast exclusively, either in
summer or winter, or during their migrations, — 2d, those
that belong farther south and only come into the extreme
southwestern part of the state, or occasionally^ farther-
northward,— 8d, those that are accidental visitors from other
regions. Besides these there are a few that undoubtedly
occur at Norway but have been overlooked, and some that
visit the more northern parts of Maine from the artic regions
in winter. ^

When I have not myself observed the species in the state,,
I have added the name of the person who has made the
observations, and in case there are several, the one who has
made them the most recently. I have intentionally omitted


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23