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Proceedings of the Leeds Philosophical and ..., Volume 7, Issues 3-4 online

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open fields ; quite rare ; June ; I have taken the caterpil-
lar, just ready to change, upon the Barberry in the middle
of May ; does the larva hibernate ?

89. PyraMeis Cabdui Doubl. Cynthia Cardui Harr. On
thistles ; common ; May and again in July, August and
September ; larva feeds on thistle and sunflower.

40. Pyrameis Hunteba Doubl. Cynthia Huntera Harr.
Same as P. Cardui.

41. . Pyrameis Atalanta Hubn. Cynthia Atalanta Harr.
Roadsides ; abundant at times ; May, August and Sep-
tember ; larva feeds on the nettle.

42. JuNONiA C(enia Hubn. Cynthia Lavinia Harr.
Dr. Harris took one specimen in a meadow in Milton,
Mass., on August 19; I have taken a single damaged
specimen in a garden on Cape Cod in early September.

43. Vanessa Antiopa Ochs. Everywhere; very abun-
dant ; hybernate in its perfect state and so appears on
warm days in early spring and is seen from then till June
and again after the middle of August ; larva feeds in
company on willows, poplar, and balm of GUead, strip-
ping them bare.

44. Vanessa J-Albuji Boisd< and Lee. Open woods;
rather rare, most abundant in the northern parts ; August,

45. Vanessa Milberti Godt. Roadsides; rather rare,
more common in northerly portions ; May, July, August;
larva feeds on nettles.

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46. Gbapta intbrbagationis Doubl. Vanessa interragor
tionis Harr. Roadsides ; not abundant, more common
southwardly ; May, August, September, October.

47. Grapta G-argenteum Barby. Vanessa Progne Harr.
non Cramer. Roads through woods ; rather common,
the most abundant of the Graptas throughout New Eng-
land ; July, August ; larva feeds on the elm.

I have taken four specimens of a Grapta at the White
Mountains from the valleys to the summit, which may
possibly belong to this species, but seems to indicate the
presence of a new species ; it is fully as small as, if not
smaller than, G. C-argenteum^ its upper surface is like that
of G. FoMmis^ while its under surface is more like G,
G^rgenteum^ but differs from that in having the broad ashy
band quite hoary, nearly white, and extending also with
equal distinctness across the secondaries ; the discal spot
of secondaries is a white L with both limbs nearly equal
similar and straight.

48. Grapta comma Doubl. Vanessa comma Harr. Roads
through woods ; rather rare and appears to be found
mainly in the southern portions ; May, July, August,
"September ; larva feeds on the hop and the elm.

49. Grapta Faunus Edw. Proc. Philad. Acad. Nat. So.
1862 : 222. Roads through woods ; found only in the
northernmost and most elevated portions of New-England,
extremely abundant among the White Mountains ; August,
September, to middle of October.

50. Chionobas semidba. Hipparchia semidea Harr. Pound
only upon the upper half of the barren summits of the
White Mountains in July and early August, very abund-
ant ; larva feeds upon lichens ; ehrysalis found under

61. Satyrus Alope Boisd. and Lee. ERpparchia Alope
Harr. Roadsides and hedges ; abundant ; July and

52. Satyrus Portlandia Boisd. and Lee. I have seen bat
a single specimen from New-England.

53. Heppabchia BoiBDUVALH Harr. Pastures; rather rare;
late July.

54. Neonympha Eurytbis Westw. Hipparchia Eurytris


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Harr. About bushes, in shady places; not common;
early June and late July.

55. LiBYTHEA Bachmanii Kirtl. A single specimen of this
is preserved in Harris' Cabinet marked with his owit
handwriting " in garden, June 24." *

56. Heteropterus marginatus Harr. Low meadows;
abundant ; July, August.

57. NisoNiADES JuvENALis Wcstw. Thcmoos Juvenalis
Harr. Meadows ; quite rare, more abundant southward-
ly ; April, May, August.

58. NisoNiADES Persius nov. sp. This species is spoken of
by Harris as a local variety of JV". Juvenalis, but it is a dis-
tinct species ; the distinctions mentioned by Harris in the
spots on the wings are not persistentjbutit diflFers from JV.
Juvenalis in its smaller size, and in the fact that the male and
female are exactly alike in the markings, while in N. Ju-
venalis, the female diflFers from the male in having very
much larger spots and in the marked ashy-grey tints of"
the apical half of both primaries and secondaries above,
differing so much as readily to be takto for a distinct
species. N. Persius has exactly the general appearancer
in coloration of the male o/ N. Juvenalis ; the distinction
of male and female is marked in Abbott's figures. The
description of larva and chrysalis in Harris' Insects apply
to this insect and not to N. Juvenalis, as specimens in his
cabinet show. Meadows ; somewhat common ; early

59. NISONIADES Brizo Westw. Thanaos Brizo Harr.
Meadows ; rare ; May, July.

60. NISONIADES Catullus Westw. Very rare, found only
in southern portions.

61. EuDAMUS TiTYRUS Boisd. and Lee. About gardens ;
not often abundant ; June, July ; larva feeds on the lo-

62. EuDAMUS LYcmAS Boisd. and Lee. I have seen but a
single specimen, obtained by Mr. Plympton in Waltham,
Mass., on the flowers of Phlox.

63. EuDAMUS Bathyllus Boisd. and Lee. Fields ; abund-
ant ; June, July.

64. Hesperia Metacomet Harr. Fields ; somewhat rare ;

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S5. Hesperia Massasoit nov. sp. <y Above very dark-
brown with a mulberry lustre, having no markings ex-
cept occasionally a faint small yellowish spot or two on
middle of secondaries, fringe slightly paler, yellowish
around the inner angle of secondaries.

Beneath : Primaries hardly so dark as above, with red-
dish-yellow scales scattered along the costal border, and
on the outer border, especially toward the apex ; two very
small spots of same color, about midway between extrem-
ity of cell and apex of wing, with two large ones at the
middle of the wing, the inner a little lower than the outer:
Secondaries dark-brown with profusely scattered reddish-
jrellow scales, especially toward the inner angle ; the cen-
tral portion of the wing is entirely taken up by a largo
5ulphur-yellow spot of irregular shape, formed of a straight
broad band, extending between the subcostal and mediaa
nervures, nearly to the hind border, cut across by an in-
•curved line of reddish-yellow scales just below the divari-
cation of the subcostal, and crossed by a transverse broad
band, just beyond the middle of the wing, extending from
costal to submedian nervures, cut across by the reddish-
yellow scales following the nervules, and bent somewhat
upon either side of the first band.

9 DiflFers from <? only in having the markings of the
under surface of the primaries repeated above, and a
faint transverse band of distant reddish-yellow spots
across the middle of secondaries. Expanse of wings 1.1 —
1.4 in. Very rare ; I have seen it only from Carver,
Mass., Mr. ShurtleflF, Conn., Mr. Edwards, and New-
England, Museum of Comp. Zoology.

•^6. Hesperia Hobomok Harr. Open field; quite com-
mon ; June and early in July.

6t. Hesperia Pocahontas nov. sp. Above dark blackish-
brown with yellowish-white markings on primaries dis-
posed as those in H. Metea, but considerably larger;
secondaries with the markings of the under surface faintly

Beneath: Primaries with a large basal black spot ; beyond
it a little past the middle a very broad whitish ochraceous
l)and from the sub-costal nervure to inner border ; above
it and along costal border ochraceous mixed with reddish-

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brown scales, with the sub-apical whitish spots of the
upper surface repeated; between them and the tip a
reddish-brown patch ; the outer margin rather broadly-
bordered with grayish scales. Secondaries reddish-brown
with a very broad transverse greyish band of whitish
mixed with reddish-brown scales, placed a little beyond
the middle, with some^vhat irregular borders, expanding
between the sub-costal and the median, having much the
appearance of that in H. Hobomok ; the outer margin
rather broadly bordered with greyish scales like that of
primaries, deeper in tint than the transverse band ;
between the costal and sub-costal, midway between its
union with the subcostal and the broad band, a small spot
of greyish scales; fringe of both wings ochraceous or dark
brown. Expanse of wings nearly 1 1-2 in. I have only
seen a few specimens teken in Mass. and Conn, by Mr.
Norton ; veiy rare.

68. Hesperia Leonardus Harr. Appears to be quite an
uncommon species, but I have taken it abundantly on
Cape Cod in September.

69. Hesperia Mystic. Pamphila Mystic Edwards Mss.
<y Above : Primaries ; the outer border broadly margined
with dark brown, the inner edge of the margin excava-
ted between the subcostal and median nervures ; the rest
of the wing dark golden-yellow, except a dark-brown
patch between the sub-costal and median a little beyond
the middle, the griminess of the base of the wing, and
the velvety black dash, which here extends from the sub-
apical patch to the sub-median nervure, at about two-
fifths the distance from the base ; it is nearly straight, but
formed of two shallow crescents, the innermost occupying
the space between the median and sub-median, each
broadly bordered externally with a blackish-brown round-
ish spot, the two partially or wholly confluent. Seconr
daries; the entire border broadly margined with dark-
brown, -the central portions dark golden- yellow traversed
by dark nervures, and transversely by a narrow dusky
medial band.

Beneath ochraceous with the markings of the upper
surface duskily repeated and in addition a broad blackish
patch along the basal half of inner border of primaries,

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and a dusky patch between the basal half of the space be-
tween median and submedian on secondaries. The fringe
is pale brown, paler on secondaries, and the outer border of
both wings is narrowly edged with black.

9 differs from $ in following particulars : Primaries ;
the whole costal border is broadly margined with dark-
brown up to the sub-apical patch with which it is usually
confluent, and in the place of the black dash, is a broad
dark-brown spot occupying all the basal Jialf o\ the wing
below the median nervure, and becoming confluent, with
the sub-apical patch at its upper extremity. Secmidaries ;
the medial band is broad instead of narrow, leaving but a
small yellowish spot near the base. Beneath the mark-
ings are repeated with rather more distinctness than in
the (J. Expanse of wings <J 1 1-4 in. 9 1 2-5 in.
The $ differs from that of H, Sassacus in the spots border-
ing the black dash of primaries,and in their confluence with
the sub-apical patch, which is itself broader, as well as in
the transverse band of secondaries. The 9 differs from
that of H. Sassacus in the greater extent of the black
patches on the primaries and their confluence with the
sub-apical patch, and also in the broad transverse band of
secondaries wholly wanting in H. Sassacus. Open fields ;
common from middle of June to middle of August ; from
White Mountains to Maryland.

70. Hesperia Sassacus Harr. $ differs from the 9 in
the velvety black dash which t£^es the place of the cen-
tral black stripe ; this is very narrow, very slightly curved,
extends from the last divarication of the median, along
the lower side of that nervure, across the space between it
and the sub-median to the latter, terminating at a point
about one-third the distance from the base ; it is narrowly
edged below with large lustrous brown scales, but
has no spots bordering it, as in jff. incerta. Harris de-
scribed only the 9 . Open fields ; quite rare, especially
the females ; June.

71. Hespema Wingina nov. sp. ^ Above: Primaries
bright tawny-yellow with a broad maroon border extended
inwards duskily between the nervures; a dark-brown
sometimes dusky patch between sub-costal and median,
extending from just above last divarication of median half
way to the border ; the oblique dash straight, extending

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from last divarication of the median to the sub-median,
two-fifths the distance from the base ; it is formed of a nar-
row patch, pointed outside rounded inside, of dust-col-
ored scales, edged above narrowly and below very nar-
,rowIy with crowded black scales, with a broad black
border below of scales of the usual distance apart ; iSec-
ondaries dark-brown, the whole central portion strongly
tinged with tawny.

Beneath: Primaries with the markings of the upper sur-
face, except the oblique dash, repeated, and an addition of
a large dark patch on the basal half of inner border. Sec-
ondaries sulphur-yellow, the outer margin with scattered
brownish scales, a roundish brown spot in centre, a large
triangular one near the base of the costal border, and two
rather large submarginal squarish patches sometimes con-
fluent, one at the extremity of the subcostal, and the other
near the tip of the median nervules. Fringe of outer border
of both wings tawny mixed with dark brown on the upper
half of primaries.

9 Above uniform dark brown with dull yellowish-
white spots on the primaries like those in ? of H, Monoco
and if. MassasoiL

Beneath : Primaries dark brown with the markings of
upper surface repeated and the costal border and upper
portion of outer border edged with dark olivaceous scales.
Secondaries as in the <J with dull dark olivaceous scales
in the place of the sulphur-yellow, with the spots and
j)atches of blackish-brown more or less mixed with oliva-
jceous. Expanse of wings <? 1 1-3 in. ? 1 2-5 in.

Rare and only found in southern portions of N. Eng- I
land ; abundant South.

Y2. Hesperia Wamsutta Harr. Hesperia Peckius Harr.
(not H. Peckius Kirby) Open fields, pathways and high-
ways ; the most common species of Hesperia ; found from
Canada to Maryland ; June, July, August.

73. Hesperia Egeremet. Hesperia Otho Boisd. and Leo.
PL 77 (not Papilio Otho Abb. and Smith.)

$ Above dark glossy brown ; Primaries with a vel-
vety-black oblong oval patch .08 in. in length on the hind
.border of median, separated from a black spot, two-fifths
;as large between the median and submedian, by a patch

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of large brown scales, which also border the spot exteriorly
and encroach upon it ; beyond and bordering the oval
patch is a quadrate yellow spot, half way between which
and the apex, approaching the costal border is a small
divided yellow spot ; there are a few yellow hairs along
the inner border. Secondaries with a few yellow hairs,
giving a dull tint over the whole disk ; the iringe of both
wings is pale brown.

Beneath dark brown slightly dusted with ochi-aceous
scales. Primaries ; the yellow spots of upper surface
repeated ; a few yellowish scales along basal half of costal
border. Secondaries with a faint pale-yellowish narrow
transverse band just beyond the middle, scarcely reaching
either border.

5 Differs from the (f as usual, and also in wanting
the spot beyond the black patch, which is replaced by two
others, the smaller between the last two branches of the
median at their base, the other on the space below a little
more towards the base ; the spots are brighter than in the
male and the secondaries are more nearly uniform ; be-
neath the spots of the primaries are repeated and the sec-
ondaries are as in the male — Expanse of wings 1 1-4 in^
<f Mass. P. G. Sanborn ; <? 9 Georgia, Harris' Collection
from Mr. Abbot and Dr. Oemler ; <J Western States, Mus»
Comp. Zool. ; very rare in N. England ; July.
74. Hbspebia Manataaqua. Hesperia cemes Harr. Ing*
3rd Ed. 316 (not H. cemes Boisd and Lee.)

The two specimens, one from Massachusetts and the
other from Georgia, from which Dr. Harris drew up the
. description of H. cemes belong apparently to two repre-
, sen tative species, differing from one another (they are both
males) in the oblique black dash of the primaries ; they
can neither of them be referred to JBT. cemes Boisd. and
Lee, which is more nearly allied to the succeeding species^
though of the size of these ; the species from Georgia
appears to be yet undescribed ; to the one from Massachu-
setts may be given the name I have proposed above ; the
female differs from the male only in wanting the oblique
black dash of primaries, and in the presence of two rather
large squarish yellowish spots, at the outer extremity of
where tiie oblique dash would be if present, between th«

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median nervules, the lower one largest and not so near
the outer margin. Very rare ; July.
76. Hesperia Ahaton Harr. This species is certainly
very closely allied to H. cernes Boisd. and Lee. but is
invariably smaller than their representation of it, and in
the absence of specimens from the South, I shall at present
presume that, as is the case with the preceding species,there
is a southern representative of this species, which has been
figured by Boisduval and Leconte under the name of H.
cernes. The female of this species differs from its male,
not only as Harris has stated, but also in having the costal
band very pale-tawny, often obsolete, and the spots on die
primaries very pale, almost whitish.

Open fields ; males quite common, females very rare ;
June and August.

76. Hesperia Oneko nov. sp. Above dark-brown, tinged
slightly with ochraceous on the secondaries. Primaries
with a strongly arcuated band of small ochraceous spots,
starting from costal border at a little more than three-
fourths of the distance from the base, bent inward towards
the middle, terminating a Uttle below centre ; two small
spots at the tip of the cell. Secondaries without markings.

Beneath dark-brown, with a slight bluish tinge on sec-
ondaries. Primaries with the markings of the upper sur-
face distinctly repeated. Secondaries with a rather nar-
row transverse whitish-ochraceous band a little beyond the
middle, bent in the middle of its course, with an indistinct
transverse line sub-parallel to it, midway between it and
the base. Expanse of wings 1 1-3 in. Very rare ; I know
it only from Connecticut, Mr. Norton.

77. Hesperia Hegon nov. sp. Above and beneath uni-
form dull dark-brown, with faint white markings on both
surfaces of primaries situated as in JET. Oneko; on under
surface of secondaries, asubmarginal series of small ind^
tinct whitish spots, a small white spot in the centre, and
another between the costal and subcostal nervures, mid-
way between the base and the submarginal band. Ex-
panse of wings nearly 1 inch.

I have seen but a single specimen, a female taken by
myself at the White Mountains in the latter part of July.

78. Hesperia Samoset nov. sp. Above dark-brown with

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a few oehraceous scales especially at base of primaries
snd on disk of secondaries. Primaries with three small
jellowish spots one above the other on costal border a little
more than three-fourths the distance from the base ; below
these and a little further removed from the outer border
than they, between the uppermost branches of the median,
4 small spot ; in the space below, situated near the base,
another small spot or slender oblique line, and sometimes
another below it between median and submedian; a
4ouble spot at the <»id of the cell.

Beneath dark*-brown with profusely scattered pale-yel*
lowish scales most abundant toward the outer margin ; a
very delicate purplish reflection, especially on secondaries.
Primaries with the markings of the upper surface repeated.
Secondaries with a narrow transverse pale yellowish baiid,
two-thirds the distance from the base, nearest the outer
margin at the lowest band of subcostal, where it is bent at
right angles, and whence towards Uie costal border it is
interrupted ; a small spot in centre and another between
costal and subcostal midway iietween the base and trans-
verse band ; fringe of both wings pale yellowish interrupt-
ed with dark-brown, most distinct upon primaries. Ex-
panse of wings fully 1 inch. Very rare ; I have seen two
specimens from Mass. and N.H.
79. Hesperia Mbtea nov. sp. Above, dark-brown tinged
with oehraceous, especially on secondaries. Prim^uries
with the following white markings ; two small spots at the
extremity of the cell ; three small white spots one afnive
the other on the costal border,a little more than three-fourths
of the distance from the babe ; below these, and half waj
between them and the outer border, one above the other,
two more small ones; placed successively a little neaarer
the base than the last, two others somewhat larger be*
tween the branches of tJie median. Secondaries uniform
. in tint, with a faint oehraceous repetition of the markings
beneath ; the outer border of both wings narrowly edgMt
with black; the fringe sli^tly paler than the upper

Beneath dark-brown, on the secondaries approaching- to

. black, with some, greyish scales towards outer bot^r.

Primaries with the markings ofthe upper surface repeated

with greater distinctness ; a lai^e pale-brown spot at outer


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angle. Secondaries with a band formed of squarish grey-
ish-white spots between the nervures, starting at the costal
at two-thirds the distance from the base, nearly reaching
the outer border in the space between subcostal and me-
. dian, thence bent toward the inner border at a very little
leas than a right angle, terminating at the submedian.
Expanseofwings, 1 l-3in. I know this species only by a
; single female from Conn., received from Mr. Norton.
80.; Hesperia Monoco nov. sp. Uniform dark-brown above
and beneath, the secondaries with no markings, i Pri-
maries with a narrow, slightly sinuate black dash, taking
. a general direction from the apex to the middle of the
inner border, commencing at the median at its second di-
varication and barely attaining the submedian ; there are-
\ three small white or pellucid spots, one above the other, be-
.' tween the ultimate branches of the subcostal, and another
small one just beyond the outer tip of the black dash.
, 9 Primaries the same as the $ , except in having the
. black dash replaced by a whitish spot, between, the first
two branches of the median, below and a little within the
smaller single one. The pale markings in both sexes are
. riepeated beneath. Expanse of wings 1 1-3 in. Very
, rare ; only in southern portions ; Conn. Mr. Norton, audi


81. Hespbwa Panoquin uov. sp. Above dark-brown tinged

with golden-yellow on the disk. Primaries more pointed

: at the tip than in any other species ; a series of four small

-.equidistant yellowish-white spots, commencing near the

apex, parallel with the costal border, and terminating with

^ one larger than the rest between the earliest branches of

. the median near the divarication ; half way between the

second and the costal border is a small nervure-divided

. one.

/ Beneath with no tinge of yellow. Primaries with the
t markings of the upper surface repeated but with scarcely
. any yellow tinge, and in addition a faint white spot near
', the middle of the space between the median and sub-
median. Secondaries with a small white spot between the
( first two branches of subcostal, three-fourths the distance
/ from the base of the wing, and a narrow pearly-white
i sireak between the next two branches, on tlie outer half

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' of the wing, not reaching the border, and a small faint
e white spot in the middle of the space between median and
^ubmedian. Expanse of wings 1 1-8 in. The pointed-
ness of the apex of the primaries would lead one to sup-
pose this a male, but it has no black dash on the prima-
ries ; the abdomens of the only specimens I have seen
chance to be broken. Very rare ; I have only seen two
specimens from Conn., received from Mr. Norton.

' Mr. F. W. Putnam read a letter recently received from Prof.
M. Miles, of Lansing, Mich., accompanying a box con tain-
ting a large collection of fishes, reptiles, Ac, from that state,
•and expressing a wish to continue the exchange of speci-
mens in natural history. A, vote of thanks was passed to
Mr. Miles for the above collection and the curators of the
(department of Natural History were requested to continue
ihe exchanges.

:'Prof. A. Crosby expressed the interest and pleasure he
Taad experienced in listening to the valuable remarks which^
had been offered during the evening, and on his motion,

Fb^erf unanimously, that the thanks of the Institute be.
tendered to Messrs. Verrill and Scudder for the highly valu-

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