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tations of the extreme scarcity of copies of these early law-
books.

Voted, therefore, that the members of this Society are
hereby requested to join in any proper measure for the
purpose of urging this important subject upon the attention
of the Legislature, that they may make the reasonable ap-
propriation required for the publication of said laws.

After remarks frpm several members the resolutions were
unanimously adopted. Adjourned.

Monday, March 9, 1863.

Meeting this evening, the President in the chair.
Records of preceding meeting read.

Letters were read from Massachusetts Historical Society ;
S. B. Woolworth Secretary ol the Regents of the University,



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N. Y. ; P. W. Putnam ; A. Huntington ; A. E. Verrill of
Norway, Me. ; W. C. H. Waddell, Secretary of American
Geographical and Statistical Society, N. Y.

Donations were announced from the following sources :—
To the Library — From Rev. Ray Palmer of Albany, N.Y. ;
Chicago Historical Society ; W. P. Upham ; Trustees of
New York State Library ; James S. Bryant of Hartford,
Conn. ; Canadian Institute of Toronto ; Philadelphia Acad-
emy of Natural Science ; Miss A. M. Hemmenway of Lud-
low, Vt. ; C. B. Richardson of New York ; George R.
Curwen ; J. Linton Waters of Chicago, 111. ; Boston Society
of Natural History ; C. W. Upham.

To the CaMnets — From Capt^ Geo. W. Gardner, 24th
Reg't Massachusetts Volunteers ; Estate of B. Pickman ;
0. W. H. Upham ; Miss Anna Porter ; X. H. Shaw ; James
W. Thompson ol Jamaica Plain ; George A. Perkins ; Lin*
coin R. Stone, Surgeon 55th Mass. Vols.

Mr. W. P. Upham^ read a report up on six orderly
books and a letter book, formerly belonging to Gen. John
Glover of Mapblehead, recently presented to the Essex Insti-
tute, by Hon. Robert Hooper of Boston — with the exception
of one volume of the Orderly Books, which was in the pos-
session of W. R. L. Ward, Esq., of New York, and for*
warded by him a donation to the Library.

The following is a brief abstract of the report : —

These books are in manuscript, the Letter Book, contain-
ing copies of letters written by Glover, and the Orderly
Books containing the General Orders issued each day from
Headquarters during the following periods of the Revolution:
from June 29th 1775 to July 26th, 1776, from October 19tk



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to November 24th, 1776; from June 28th to October 14th
1778; from March 6th to July 28th, 1779; and from
August 3d to November 26th, 1781.

Orderly Books of the Revolution are very rare, and it is
doubtful whether there exists in tlie country another scries
80 complete and well preserved as this. Such books were
at the time considered of no value, except for a temporary
purpose, and the many accidents and irregularities of camp
life caused them in most cases to be poorly kept and soon
lost. For the student of American History, nothing could
aflTord so interesting, and at the same time so reliable a
source of information.

Tliese books were kept in the 21st Provincial, afterwards
the 14th Continental Regiment. This regiment was com-
manded by Col. John Glover, from the commencement of
the Revolution till the 2 1st of February, 1777, when he was
made Brigadier General. From that time till the close of
the war, it constituted part ol General Glover's Brigade. A
sketch of his lile, thereJore, will servo as a proper accompan-
iment and illustration of these Orderly Books.

General John Glover was born in Salem, Mass., Nov. 5th,
1732, of a wealthy family that had been established in Salem
from its earliest settlement. He removed to Marblehead at
an early age, and was there engaged in mercantile pursuits
till the outbreak of the Revolution. He then took command
of the regiment raised in Marblehead, and on the 15th of
June, 1776, marched with them to Cambridge. There ho
and his regiment had an important share in that series of
manoeuvres which resulted in the evacuation of Boston by
the Britisii.

From the latter part of the year till July 20th, 1776, he
was stationed at Beverly to superintend the equipment of
the ai*med vessels that did such service at that time. Under
his care were fitted out the expeditions of Selman, Brough-



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237

ton, Manly and Mugford, and their crews was taken from
his regiment, then known as the Marine Regiment.

Glover superintended the transportation of the troops and
stores in the evacuation of Long Island, August 29th, 1776,
and also the removal of the sick and wounded from New
York City to the Jersey shore, on the 14th of September.
Here his regiment did service such as none but the men of
Marblehead would have had the skill and endurance to
perform.

On the 4th of September, he was placed in command of
General Clinton's Brigade. On the 18lh of October, Glover
with his brigade resisted the first landing of the British on
the mainland at Prog's Neck, near New York Island. For
their conduct on this occasion, they were publicly thanked
by Gen. Lee and General Washington.

At the crossing of the Delaware on the night of Dec. 25th,
1776, the Marblehead Regiment again disthiguished itself by
its heroic daring and enterprise, in managing the boats bj
which Washington's little army was carried over that broad
and rapid river filled with floating ice, to achieve the glori-
ous victory at Trenton.

Soon after this. Glover returned home to Marblehead, and
on the 21st of February, 1777, he was appointed Brigadier
General by Congress. At first he declined, but afterwards
at the urgent request of Washington, accepted the appoint-
ment. He was stationed on the Hudson till July 23d
when he joined General Schuyler. He was in the battles of
Bemis Heights on the 19th of September, and the 7th of
October, and by his bravery and prudence contributed much
to the defeat and final surrender of Burgoyne. He was
chosen to conduct the captured army, 5,791 in number,
through the country to Boston. The following winter he
was at Valley Forge, and on the 28th of June, 1778, took



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238

command on the Hudson, where he had charge of the com-
pletion of the forts. In August, he was under General Sul-
livan, on Rhode Island, and afterwards till July 6th, 1779,
Commanded at Providence, R. I. June 20th, 1780, he was
ordered to Springfield, Mass., to superintend the forwarding
of the Massachusetts Militia. The next year he again joined
the Army in New York, and remained with it till the sur-
render of Cornwallis," October 19th, 1781. He was a mem-
ber of the Court which tried Major Andre. After the war
closed he returned to Marblehead, and again became engaged
in the fishing trade. He died January 30th, 1797.

Throughout his eventful life he was distinguished for
those virtues which most adorn the cho^racter of the citizen
or the soldier, honest and generous in his dealings with
others, a firm patriot, brave, yet modest, a skillful and active
commander, and the ever esteemed and honored friend of
Washington.

After the reading of the same, remarks were offered by
the Chair, and Messrs. C. C. Beaman ^nd A. C. Goodell —
and a vote of thanks was passed to Mr. Upham for his very
interesting and valuable communication, with a request that
a copy be furnished for publication in the Historical Col-
lections. This Report with an abstract of the Orderly
Books, is printed in the Historical Collections of the Insti-
tute. See vol. V. pages 49—72 and 97—130.

Mr. George D. Phippen read a letter from Hon. Solomon
Lincoln, of Hingham, tendering to the Institute a manu-
script volume containing " a list of American seamen com
mitted to the old Mill Prison, Plymouth, England, from
1777 to 1781." A vote of thanks, upon his motion, was
presented to Mr. Lincoln and others for the valuable do-
nations announced this evening. Adjourned.



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239

Monday, April 6, 1863.

Meeting this eveniiig, at Creamer Hall, the President in
tlie chair.

Records of preceding meeting read.

Donations announced from the foUov^uig: —
To the JLibrary — Prom Cincinnati Mercantile Libraiy
Association ; C. B. Richardson of New York ; Charles Davis
of Beverly; Mrs. John H.Stone; George R. Rowe, City
Clerk of Lawrence; Vermont Historical Society; John
Ward Dean of Boston ; L. A. H. Letour ol Montreal, C. E.;
John A. Innis ; Zoologischc Gesellscluiften, Frankfort, A.M. ;
C. W. Palfrey ; N. J. Lord ; Yonng Men's Association of
Buffalo.

To the Cabinets — From John C. Lee ; John Robinson ;
Edward 0. Brown ; Charles Babbidge, Chaplain 26th Reg'l
Mass. Volunteers ; Wm. A. Williams.

Letters were read from Pennsylvania Historical Society ;
Gorp©ration of Harvard College ; Maine Historical Society ;
Connecticut Historical Society ; L. Agassiz ; S. T^iaaey ;
Smithsonian Listitution ; American Geographical and Statis-
tical Society ; W. G. Binney.of Burlington, N. J.; F. W.
Putnam ; American Philosophical Society ; F. S. Pease of
Albany, N. Y. ; N. Paine ot Worcester.

Rev. Joseph B. Felt read a valuable and interesting com-
munication on " John Endicott, the first Governor," (see
Historical Collections of Institute, vol v, page 73.)

Remarks were then offered by Messrs. S. M. Worcester;
A. C. Goodell Jr. ; G. D. Phippen ; C. 0. Beaman and
the Chair.



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240

On motion of A. C. Goodell,

Votedy Tliat the thanks of the Institute be presented to
BoT. Dr. Felt for the communication read this evening, and
that a cop7 be placed at the disposal of the Publication
Committee. Adjourned.

Wednesday, May 13, 1863.

Annual Meeting this day at 3 P.M., at their rooms, Plum-
mer Hall, Vice President S. P. Fowler in the Chair.

Records of preceding meeting read.

Donations were announced from the following :
To the Library — from James A. Gillis ; N. C. Bobbins ;
B. W. Stone ; Miss P. W. Hazeltine of Lynn ; Philadelphia
Academy of Natural Science ; Canadian Institute at Toron-
to, C.W. ; James S. Bryant of Hartford, Conn. ; Charles
Ward ; Asahel Huntington ; Thomas H. Lefarour ; John
L. Sibley of Cambridge ; City of Boston ; Mrs. James Kim-
ball ; Frederick Kidder of Boston ; Jeremiah Colburn of
Boston ; Massachusetts Historical Society ; C. C. Sewall.

To the Cabinets — ^from William Goodhue ; S. Barden of
Rockport ; J. A. Smith ; J. P. Cooke Jr. of Cambridge ;
N. C. Bobbins ; Caleb Cooke ; B. P. Browne.
' Letters were read from Pennsylvania Historical Society ;
Massachusetts Historical Sdciety ; Trustees Public Library,
Boston ; Smithsonian Institution ; Trustees of Public Libra-
ry, Newburyport; J. Henry Stickney of Baltimore, Md.;
J. Pearson of Schenectady N. Y. ; S. Lincoln of Bostoir ;
L. Saltonstall of Boston ; W. A. Lander of Danvers ; Jacob
Batchelder of Lynn ; Ward Poole of South Danrers ; G.
H. Lodge of Swampscott ; D. E. SaflTord of Hamilton ; W.
B. Rogers of Boston ; J. P. Cooke Jr. of Cambridge ; C.



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241

M. Tracy of liynn ; C. C. Binney of Burlington N.J.; S. H.
Scudder of Boston ; R. Green & Co. of Providence, R.I.;
P. H, Lee.

Report of the Secretary was read and accepted.

Report of the Treasurer road, and referred to the Finance
Committee.

F. W. Putnam read a report on the condition of the Zo-
ological collections.

From these Reports the following may be specified :

Six members have been stricken from the roll by death ;
these brief notices, a deserving tribute to their memory, are
appended.

1. George Andrews, son of John H. and Nancy (Tage)
Andrews, born in this city March 11, 1824 — was prepared
for the Unjversity at the Latin School, then under the
charge of Oliver Carlton, graduated at Harvard Col-
lege in 1847 — studied the profession of the law in the office
of A. Huntington of Salem, from July 14, 1847 to Sept. 26
1848, and from July 18, 1849 to June 19, 1850— in the in-
terval at the Law School in Cambridge — was admitted
a member of the Essex Bar June 20, 1850. He always
took a deep interest in all educational movements and was
for several years an active and useful member of the School
Committee. He was an Associate Justice of the Salem Po-
lice Court ; a Representative of the Massachusetts Legisla-
.tare from Salem in 1859. His death occurred August 26,
1862. The city thereby has lost a conscientious, faithful,
and upright man and our literary, scientific and educational
institutions, a kind and sympathizing friend.

INBT. PROCEED. VOL. iii. 31.



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2. Nathaniel Augustus Kimball, son of Nathamel and
Sarah (Knight) Kimball, was ' born at Plaistow, N. H.,
Maj 5, 1822 ; and was educated at the academies in Atkin-
son and Plaistow, N. H.. In early life he came to this city,
engaged in mercantile pursuits, and for several years in
connection with his brother was an enterprising and active
merchant. He died at Salem, August 27, 18t>2.

3. Charles P. Williams, Jr., son of Charles P. and
Sophia (Silver) Williams, was born in this city, March 25,
1842, and was educated at the public schools, where he
always sustained a character for good scholarship and con-
duct. After leaving school, he went as clerk in an extensive
Dry Goods store, and was there quietly pursuing this occu-

' pation when the outbreak of the rebellion took place. At
the first call for volunteers in April 1861, he went as corpo-
ral in the Salem Light Infantry, Co. A., 8th Rcg't Mass.
Vols., and performed three months of eflScient service. He
then resumed his former occupation until he received the
appointment of Lieutenant in Co. P., (Capt. S.X). Ohver,)
35th Reg't Mass Vols., and again entered the service ol his
country ; after an absence of only a few weeks he fell
wounded in the gallant discharge of his duties in the battle
of Antietam. on Wednesday, Sept. 17, 1862, and died at
MiddletowM, Md., on the 28d of that month, in consequence
o( his wounds. He was one of our most estimable and
respected young men, and his loss will be deeply felt and
deplored by a large circle of friends.

4. John Hubbard Stone, son of John and Catharine
(Dodge) Stone, was born at Salem, Sept. 9, 1809, married
August 31, 1837, Elizabeth Plint, daughter of Addison and
Sally (Upton) Plint of ReacUng, (see Plint's Genealogj,
page 97.) He was educated to a mercantile life — had been
for several years Clerk in the Adjutant General's office ia



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243

m this State; and also received the appointment of an
Inspector in the Salem Custom House during the adminis-
tration of President Pierce. For several years* past he «ba8
devoted his attention to Genealogical investigations, and
printed in (Connection with John Flint, " a (4enealogical
Register of the descendants of Thomas Flint of Salem," in
one volume, octavo. He also contributed freely to various
articles in the Historical Collections of the Institute. He
was elected Librarian in May, 1.856, and has been success-
ively elected to that office at each annual meeting, and was
engaged in the preparation of of a catalogue of the Library,
when sickness and death prevented him from the completion
of this undertaking. He always took a very active and
deep interest in all the departments of the Institute; and
we have thereby lost a valued and good friend. He died of
Erysipelas, Nov. 17, 1862.

5. Charles Fiskb Putnam, son of Ebenezer and Betsey
(Fiske) Putnam, was born at Salem Oct. 19, 1802. He
married Sarah daughter of Daniel and Deborah (Silsbee)
Sage, she survives. He was educated to the occupation
of a druggist, and for many years kept an extensive drug-
gist's establishment in this city. For the last twenty or
twenty five years he has devoted his attention to the cultiva-
tion of fruit, has been a very successful horticulturist, and
has contributed largely to all our Horticultural Exhibitions,
the specimens shown were always very fine and attracted a
merited degree of attention. He died at his residence in
this city after a long and lingering illness, Dec. 31, 1862.

6. William Brown, son of David and Hannah (Pres-
ton) Brown, was born at Salem, Dec. 22, 1802. He served
the apprenticeship ot printer in the office of the Salem Reg-
ister, and was for many years connected with the press both
in the Gazette and the Register offices. He was appoint-'



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244

cd Naval OflScer at this port, under General Taylor's admin-
istration in 1849 — and at a later period a Clerk in the Ad-
jatabt Grenend's office of this State. Since the commence-
ment of the Rebellion, the duties in the Adjutant General's
department have greatly increased and the office of Assistant
General was thereby created— and Mr. B. received the ap-
pointment. The labor assigned to him he performed with
great fidelity and faithfulness, and the closeness of this
application probably hastened his departure. His genial,
and social disposition won for him a host of friends ; though
not an active member, he always took great interest in the
success of this Institution. He married June 26, 1825,
Rebecca TTpton Wright. He died' in Boston on Monday
Feb. 16, 1863, aged 60 — to which city he removed a few
years since.

Meetings. — ^Four Field Meetings were held during the
past season, at the .Ship lElock in South Dan vers, Rockport,
Hamilton Ponds, and Rowley. They were all fully attend-
ed, especially the meeting at Rockport, which was the largest
of any of these meetings held under the auspices of the In-
stitute. Eight Evening meetings during the winter months
— and ordinary meetings for the election of members as
usual.



Lectures. — A course of six lectures on Scientific sub-
jects have been delivered during the present Spring, viz :

1. Prof. L. Agassiz on Monday March 16 — " Plan in Cre-
ation."

2. S. Tenney, on Monday March 23, on " Antiquity of
the Earth."

3. C. M. Tracy, on Monday March 30, on " Weeds."

4. Prof. J. P. Cooke, Jr. — on Monday April 13, oa
*' Analysis of the Sun," with experiments.



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245

5. P. W. Putnam, on Monday April 20, on " Fishes."

6. Prof. W. B. Rogers, on Wednesday May 13, on " Ap-
plication of Science to the Arts."

These lectures were, well attended and a desire has been
expressed that other courses should be hereafter arranged.

Publications. — One volume of the Historical Collections ;
and the third part of vol. ii. of the Proceedings, have been
printed, which concludes that volume.

Department of Natural History, continues to receive
a merited degree of attention. Poity-one donations have
been made in Zoology^ as follows : — Mammals, 5, Birds, 7,
Reptiles 8, Fishes 4, MoUusks 6, Articulates 7, Radiates 2,
Fossils 2, several of these donations comprise a large num-
ber of specimens and species, many of which were new to
tlie Cabinets.

During the year much has been done in the arrangement
of the specimens ; the Birds have been catalogued and num-
bered, and the North American species identified and la- '
belled — those indigenous to the county of Essex have been
brought together and placed in separate cases. A visitor
to the rooms can now form a very good idea of the number
and appearance of the birds ol this County, for we have
representatives of nearly all the species • found within its
limits. It is proposed to adopt this plan in the arrange-
ment of the other classes and endeavor to procure speci-
mens so that the Fauna of the County shall be fully repre-
sented in our collections.

The Matiamals have been catalogued and to a certain ex-
tent identified and labelled. That of Reptiles, Fishes and
Insects have been commenced. The Radiates, by the as-
sistance of Messrs. A, Agassiz and A. B. Verrill have been
fully identified, catalogued and labelled.



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246

Tlie interchange of specimens with the Museum of Com-
parative Zoology has been continued with equal benefit to •
both Institutions.

A full series of our Foreign Serpents has been sent to
Prof. Jan of Milan for identification. These he has exam-
ined and returned with the exception of two or three speci-
mens, types of new or imperfectly known species which he
haS retained for a short time for the purpose of having them
figured in his forthcoming work on Serpents.

One. of our members, Caleb Cooke, for three years a resi-
dent at Zanzibar, has contributed many interesting botanical
specimens collected at that place. A curious growth of
wood found among some slabs at one of the wharves — from
Maine,/ by Benjamin Felt.

The most prominent of the contributions to ihe collec-
tions of Mineralogy are specimens of Green Feldspar (crys-
talized) and Quartz in variety from Rockport ; presented by
Rev. Stillman Barden. A plan has been adopted in the ar-
rangement of the specimens in this part of the collections,
similar to that of the Birds, in placing those found in Essex
County in separate cases.

The Historical Department has been enriched by por-
traits of Capt. John Carncs one of the early navigators to
the East Indies from Salem, and, who is said to* have com-
mand of the first vessel to the coast of Sumatra,-^presented
by W. P. Goodhue ; also of Col. Benj. Pickman, the second
President of the Essex Historical Society, by the family ; —
a view of the Court House in Salem, removed in 1839,
painted upon an old fire-board — from C. W. Upham ; a pho-
tograph of sybil Swinnerton, from Miss Amn Porter; also of
Washington, from David Nichols.

Prom E. C. Brown, Bow and Arrows, from Fejee Isles^



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247

H. P. Shepard, Coins. J. W. Thornton of Boston, W. L.
Welch, Henry Merritt, Geo.W. Gardner, Reuben W. Ropes
of Brooklyn, N.Y., Thomas K. Tannatt, John Robinson, War
Relics. Mrs. I. Ward, specimen of thread &c., manufac-
tured from the fibre of the common Milkweed, by Miss Mar-
garet Gerrish, some thirty years since. L. Peirson Ward,
a Mirror, from Japan. Rufus Wendell, a piece of the
Charter Oak, at Hartford. John S. Annable of Hamilton
Indian Axe, Gouge and Chisel. Joseph Hammond, a cop-
per Kettle, from Japan.

Among the manuscripts donated may be mentioned the
Orderly Books of the late General Glover, from Robert
Hooper and W. JR.. L. Ward. Book of Births kept by the
late Dr. Richard Hazeltine of Lynn, from his daughter Miss
Phebe W. Hazeltine.

The Library continues to . receive many valuable addi-
tions. Number of vols, received : ^
Poltos, principally Newspapers, 47 ; Quartos, 8 55
Octavos, and lesser fold 421

476

Serials, 596 ; Pamphlets, 864 959

1435
The above have been contributed by 114 different Institu-
tions and Individuals. The exchanges with other societies
continue to increase, and we trust that ere long, a regular
systematic exchange will be established with the leading lu-
stitutions of this country.

IIoRTiGULTUBE. During the past season three monthly
Exhibitions of Fruit, Flowers and Vegetables were held ;
the first on Friday, Juno 27 ; second on Friday, July 26 ;
third on Friday August 22. The Annual display took place
on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, September 22, 23 and



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248

24, and was one of the best^ver exhibited. There has been,
in some former years, a larger number of varieties but never
more splendid fruit or such fine vegetables. The most ex-
perienced and skilful connoisseurs and practical horticultu-
rists selected the following list of fourteen Pears from the
exhibition, which have in their growth this year surpassed
that of all former seasons, viz : — Monsieur le Cure or Vicar
of Winkfield ; Beurre Diel ; Marie Louse ; Belle of Flan-
ders or Flemish Beauty; Belle Lucrative or Fondante
d'Automne ; Paradise of Autumn ; Louise Bonne de Jer-
sey ; Beurre d'Amaulis ; Easter Beurre ; Glout Morceaa ;
Doyenne Boussock ; Bartlett ; Beurre Bosc ; Winter Nells.
The crops were very abundant, and all kinds of fruit
plenty. Seldom do we have our markets so well supplied
with choice kinds of Fruit and at so reasonable prices.

The Tbeasurbb presents the following statement of the
Financial condition for the year ending May 1863: —

GENERAL ACCOUNT.

DebUs.

Athenaeum, Rent, one-half of Fuel, Attendance, Ac. $460 37

Printing, $7 62 ; Gas Light Co., $7 46,

Expresses and Postages,

Printing Collections and Proceedings,

Expenses of Lectures and Meetings,

Historical Account,

Natural History and Horticulture account,
Sundries,

Treasurer balance due on previous account,
Balance on hand,

•1,433 58



15 08


18 88


713 67


103 96


9 00


31 62


22 83


18 92


39 36



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249

Credits.

Dividends Webster Bank, 86 00

Assessments, 590 00


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