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ful. The Judge was appointed Chairman of the commission
to arrange the matters in dispute. The second interview
was on the Sunday preceding his decease. He then expressed
much interest in the news of the day, and the political condi-
tion of the country awakened the fires of his patriotism, and
called out his ardent prayers for the Union of these States.

Mr. H. closed his interesting remarks by reading the
A<;companying report :

REPORT.

It liavhig pleased Almighty God, in the dispensations of
His righteous Providence, to remove from these scenes of
his long and most useful life, our distinguished and venerated
fellow citizen, the Honorable Daniel Appleton White, it
is especially fit, that the members of the Essex Institute
should take such suitable and formal action, as to mark the
event, and to express upon their records, in perpetual

ESSEX INST. PROCEED. VOL. iii. 9.



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remembrance, their high appreciation of the character and
services of their deceased President. He was largely and
most honorably identified with all the institutions of this
community for nearly half a century. His whole life here
has been in close alliance with whatever was adapted to illus-
trate and adorn our annals, or to improve and elevate the char-
acter of our people. He was one of the Trustees of the Essex
Historical Society, from 1823 to 1837 — its President from
1837 to its union with the Essex County Natural History
Society, in 1848, under the name of the Essex Institute, of
which he has been President, since the date of its organiza-
tion, March 8, 1848, to the time of his lamented decease.
He was largely influential in the founding and organization
of the Salem Lyceum, and delivered the Introductory Lec-
ture at the opening of that institution, of which he was the
first Pj esident, and held the office from 1830 to 1838. He
was in the Board of Trust of the Salem Athenaeum, from
1824 to 1840, and President, from 1838 to 1840. He has
seiTed most usefully as President and Trustee of the old
Savings Bank of Salem and vicinity, one of the earliest
institutions of the kind in the country ; and also of the Salem
Dispensary. He took an active part in the formation of the
Harmony Grove Cemetery, and delivered the Discourse of
Consecration on a most beautiful Sunday in June, 1840,
towards the close of the day ; and his remains were borne
and deposited there, April 2, 1861, in all the contrasts of an
apparently mid winter storm, the grounds and the trees being
heavily laden with the fallen, and the falling suow. Of
many of these institutions he was a liberal benefactor : of
this, he has been a most munificent patron, and we desire
here to acknowledge and record our deep sense of obligation
for his large endowments, and his never failing thoughtful-
ness for this, and kindred institutions. He always dispensed
of his means for all good objects, with a free and. open hand
and heart, and giving became the habit and happiness of"
his life.

He has been one of the distinguished and marked men of
the Commonwealth, since his first entrance on public life, —
more than fifty years ago. He has always been eminently
a trusted man during his whole and honorable career. He
had that as the basis of his character which commanded and
justified full and entire confidence in all the relations and<



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67

duties of life. He was an eminent member of the Senate
of Massachusetts for several years, during the war of 1812-
1815. He was elected a member of the Congress of the
CTnited States from the Essex North District, in 1814, his
residence being then in Newburyport, but did not take his
seat under that election, having, in the meantime, been
;appointed to the oflSce of Judge of Probate for this County,
'Which ho continued to hold with great honor and usefulness,
rfor the period of nearly forty years. In this office, so inti-
gnately and largely connected with the interests of the entire
^community — ^bringing the incumbent into a near sympathy
^th the bereavements and afflictions of life — with the widow
.and the orphan, — ^how he bore himself, with what dignity,
.gentleness, learning, and impartiality, the whole County
were the witnesses for more than a generation. He was the
runiveraally trusted magistrate — the pure and incorrupt
.Judge. In connection, and with the aid and co-operation
vof, that most excellent and model officer, — the late Nathaniel
Lord, Jr., Esq., Register of Probate, — during almost the
whole term of his office, both under appointment from
^Oovernor Strong, he reformed the probate practice of the
•Commonwealth to a large extent, and in this respect
rendered a most useful as well as much needed service. His
learned and excellent Treatise on Probate Jurisdiction and
Practice, published a few years after of his entering on his
.office as Judge of Probate, inaugurated important changes
Vm this department of the public service.

His heart and hand were always ready for every good
word and work. How he moved about among us in a
serene and beautiful old age, still intent on the liberal stud-
iies of his life, and still watchmg for any and all means of
-usefulness to his. fellow men, beloved and venerated by the
\whole community, one of the last links connecting us with
former generations ; how deeply he was interested in all
.that concerned the character and dignity of his native and
.beloved Commonwealth ; how he watched for the College,
,his ever honored Alma Mater, and for all Colleges and
schools of good learning ; how ardently he loved his country
and her institutions of government, and with what a true
. and patriotic heart he grasped the Union and Constitution
.of his country in the last days of her imminent peril, we are
all witnesses, and here and now desire to give and bear our
.united testimony.



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We sliall see that benignant face, that venerable form, no
more in life. The places that knew him here in visible pres-
ence, will know him no more forever. But his works and
the influence of his liJe and character remain to us^ — a rich
legacy to the future generations. We desire to acknowledge
the hand of God in his life, — so great, so good, so beneficent
a life, so full of love and blessings to his generation, — as
well as in his peaceful and happy death, surrounded by all
the endearments and aflFections of kindred and home. We
would here express our hearty sympathies with his family ;
and to preserve this brief and imperfect memorial of our
honored President and friend, and of our most distinguished
fellow- citizen, —

Resolved^ That the Secretary enter the same at length on
the records of the Institute, and transmit an attested copy
thereof to the family of the deceased.

Resolved^ That Kev. Geo. W. Briggs, D. D., be appointed
to prepare a sketch of the life and character of Judge White,
to be published in the transactions of the Institute, and thus
to accomplish more fully and adequately its purpose in these
proceedings.

David Roberts, Esq., in advocating a motion for the
acceptance of the Report, said : — I trust there can be but
one opinion as to tlie propriety of accepting the Report and
passing the Resolves by the members of the Institute. At
the request of the Secretary, permit me to ask you to pause
a Avhile longer, before taking the vote, that I may, if possible,
add some circumstances, within my. personal recollections
of the late Judge White, not yet particularly stated, though
perhaps already alluded to elsewhere.

The deceased, while in Salem, was ever a worshipper at
tlie First Church. There, he was constant in attendance,
when health pcn^mitted, both forenoon and afternoon of the
Lord's day ; in this respect, resembling, as I understand, the
most exemplary conduct of the late Judge Shaw. Judge
White was no holiday attendant upon public worship. He
did not absent himself from afternoon semce. Seldom was



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♦ill

his seat vacant ; but in storm ov sunshine usually occupied ;
and though generally present the whole day and himself
among the oldest of all his fellow worshipj)ers, yet, during
prayer, his constant habit was to rise and continue standing.

His public spirit, too, was well known to all wlio have had
occasion to call upon him for pecuniary aid. And when he
gave, it was ever with agiace and liberality, which rendered
the duty of calling upon him for such contributions not
unpleasant.

Of his natural ability, liigli culture, love of letters and
thoi'ough scholarship, I forbear to s])eak. Other habits of
his high character have been referred to and well illustrated
here and elsewhere.

But of his opening Discourse for the Salem Lyceum, I
have some recollections, which it may not be out of place to
state on this occasion. That Discourse was delivered at the
Church in Sewall street, Salem. The organization of the
Lyceum had resulted from the proceedings of a public meet-
ing, held at Topsfield Academy. The Eesolves there pro-
posed for discussion, 1 have seen, within a few years, in a
hand-writing to me quite familiar. The object of the Tops-
field meeting was to consider the propriety of establishing a
Lyceum for the County, but resulted only in organizhig one
for Salem, with a code of laws, suited to the permanent
existence of a Lyceum.

Judge White's Address was, at the time, deemed one of
hivS ablest and best efforts. It was printed, and scholars,
therefore, can judge for themselves of its intrinsic merits.
Suffice it to say that all there considered it a fitting inaugu-
ration of the Lyceum system. If any departure has since
been made in the original d(5sign ; it was doubtless for wise
purposes and to improve the system.

But, in conclusion, let me say that a marked character
has disappeared. For several years, Judge White had
retired from the busy scenes of active and official life. And



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70

now Death (that great leveller of all worldly and social dis
tinctions) leaves only the grand example of the deceased for
imitation. Though life be extinct, his character remains
and will long be remembered ; and this, with the record of
his Judicial and public life, neither time nor death will
erase or obliterate.

I need hardly to add that I sincerely concur in the Report
and its recommendation, and trust they may be adopted
without any dissent.

The Report was then unanimously adopted and the Insti-
tute adjourned.

Monday^ April 15, 1861.

Meeting this evening, H. M. Brooks, Vice President, in
the chair.

Records of preceding meeting read.

Donations since the meeting of the 18th of March were
announced

To the Library — from Samuel A. Green of Boston ; New
England Historic Genealogical Society ; Philadelphia Acad-
emy of Natural Science ; John L. Sibley of Cambridge ;
Theodore Gill of Washington, D. C. ; Canadian Institute at
Toronto ; Samuel Emery ; Albert Ordway of Cambridge ;
D. A. White ; City of Boston ; Charles B. Richardson of
New York; Nathaniel I. Bowditch of Brooklme; G. M.
Whipple ; James A. Gillis ; George B. Loring; N. J. Lord;
Mrs. L. P. Johnson ; Boston Society of Natural History ;
Peabody Institute at South Danvers ; John L. Russell.

To the Cabinets — from Henry Felt Simon ; John Burch-
stead of Hamilton ; L. L. A. Very ; William J. Chever ;
Nathaniel IngersoU.

Letters were read from W. 0. White of Keene, N. H. ;
A. Himtington.



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71

A committee was appointed to report a list of officers to
be acted on at the Annual Meeting.

Messrs. James Kimball, George D. Phippen and Charles
H. Norris were appointed on said committee.

Adjourned.

Monday^ May 8, 1861.

Annual meeting this day at 3, P. M., James Upton, Vice
President, in the chair.

Records of preceding meeting read.

Donations since the 15th ult. were announced from Amer-
ican Academy of Arts and Science ; Minnesota Historical
Society ; J. L. Russell.

Letters were read Irom J. L. Russell ; Minnesota Histori-
cal Society ; Trustees of Boston Public Library ; New
England Historic- Genealogical Society; Peabody Institute,
South Danvers ; Henry W. Foote ; J. C. Howard.

Report of the Treasurer was read and referred to the
Finance Committee.

Reports of the Secretary and of the Curators, were read,
accepted and ordered to be placed upon file.

From these reports we learn that eight of the resident
members and four of the correspondents have died during
the year ; this brief notice, a deserving tribute to their mem-
orjj is appended : —

1st. — WiLUAM WiLUAMS, first SOU aud seventh child ol
Samuel W. and Emily (Williams,) Williams, born at Weth-
«rsfield, Conn., Oct. 2, 1797 — ^graduate of Tale in the class
of 1816 — ordained at Salem, July 5, 1821, as pastor of the



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ri

Branch Presbyterian Church, which took the name of Howard
Street, in 1827. He remained in this connection until Feb.
17, 1832, when he resigned and way afterwards in Novem-
ber of that year installed as the first Pastor of the Crombie
Street Church — this last position he retained until his resig-
nation in 1888. He was subsequently settled for a short
time over a church in Exeter, N. H. In a few years re-
turned to Salem, studied medicine and practiced the profes-
sion until his decease. He married his cousin, Mary
Parsons, daughter of Rev. David and Harriet (Williams)
Parsons, of Amherst, on the 18th of Sept. 1821. He died
at Salem, after a short illness, June 17, 1860. He was
widely known as a man of uncommon ability as a writer and
a speaker.

2d. — Charles James Whipple, son of Henry and Harriet
(King) Whipple, born at Salem, Sept. 9, 1827, graduate of
our High School and a good scholar. His abilities and atten-
tion to business commanded for him a prominent situation
in one of the principal Boston Banks. He died July 6, 1860.

3d. — Thomas P. Odell, son of James and Sarah (Very)
Odell, born at Salem, Oct. 9, 1792— died July 7, 1860. He
has been connected with us for tlie past few years and has
always expressed a great interest in our success.

4th. — Barnard West Gardner, son of Richard and Abi-
gail P. (West) Gardner, born at Gloucester, July 3, 1842 ;
died at Salem, Nov. 6, 1860. A young man of great prom-
ise, and oi an amiable and very pleasing disposition.

5tli. — Larkin Woodberry, son of Asa and Anna (Wood-
berry) Woodbcrry, native of Beverly, resided many years in
Manchester, and died at Salem, Nov. 8, 1860, aet. 65. On
his removal from Manchester to Salem, a few years since, he
connected himself with the Institute. His kind and polite



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78

attention to the members and their friends daring one of
our earlier field meetings in Manchester, will be long remem-
bered with gratitude.

6th. — ^Alonzo Lewis, son of Zachariah and Mary (Hudson)
Lewis, born in Lynn, Aug. 28, 1794, educated at the schools
in Lynn, a teacher by profession, well known as the historian
of Lynn, died in the place of his nativity, Jan. 21, 1861.
A memoir of him read by Mr. A. G. Groodell, at an even*
iug meeting, has been printed in the Historical Collections,
vol. 3, page 84.

7th. — John Shaw Sibley, son of Joseph and Dorcas
(Abbot) Sibley, born at Salem, June 15, 1815, died on
Thursday, Feb. 21, 1861.

8th. — ^Daniel Applbton White, our respected President.
He was son of John and Elizabeth (Haynes) White, and
was bom at Methuen on the 7th of June, 1776 ; a graduate
of Harvard in 1797, and tutor in the Latin department from
1799 to 1808. He resided for many years at Newburyport,
and came to Salem in 1817, where he has since resided ; died
on Saturday, 29th March, 1861 — an appropriate notice has
been taken at a meeting held during the week after his
decease, and the Rev. Dr. Briggs having consented to pre-
pare a memoir for publication in the doings of the society,
a more extended notice is not necessary.

Of the corresponding members we may notice the death
of four: three of them were natives of Salem and spent their
early years in our schools, but pursuits in after life called
them elsewhere.

1st. — Prof. Josjah Gibbs, LL.D., son of Henry and
Mercy (Prescott) Gibbs, born at Salem, April 30, 1790, a
graduate of Yale in the class of 1809 ; Tutor in Yale from

ESSEX INST. PROCEED. VOL. iii. 10.



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74

1811 to 1815 ; then resided for several years at Andorer,
Mass., devoted to the study of Hebrew and the litera-
ture of the Bible. In 1824 he was invited to take charge of
the professorship of sacred literature in the Theological de-
partment of Yale College ; the duties of this he continued
to discharge until failing health compelled him to retire.
He died at his residence in New Haven, March 25, 1861.
He held a high rank among American scholars, not only for
learning and research in his special departments, but for his
thorough acquaintance with general philology. He has been
accustomed to devote a portion of his vacation each year for
several years past, in this city, revisiting the scenes of his
youth and meeting with the few of his old acquaintances
that remain.

2d. — Nathaniel I. Bowditch, of Boston, son of Hon.
Nathaniel and Mary (IngersoU) Bowditch, born at Salem,
Jan'y 17, 1806, graduated at Harvani in 1822, died at
Brookline, April 16, 1861, a fter a long and painful illness.
He is well known as a diligent antiquary, and the history and
titles of the estates in Boston formed his principal study.

8d. — John B. Williams, son of Israel and Lydia (Waite)
Williams, was bom at Salem, Sept. 28, 1810 ; died at Levuka,
Ovalau, Fejee Islands, June 10, 1860, where he had resided
for many years, the United States Consul for those Islands,

4th. — Samuel Walker, of Roxbury, bom at Cardington,
England, Sept. 9, 1793, and has long resided in the vicinity
of Boston. He has been one of the most active and intoUi*
gent members and officers of the Massachusetts Horticultural
Society, and for some years its President. He died Dec.
11, 1860.

PuBUOATiONS. — ^Vol. 11, Part 2, of Proceedings was issued
in September ; also six numbers of the Historical Collections,



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76

coutamiiig about 50 pages each, at stated interv^als during
the year.

Meetings. — During the past summer five field meet-
mgs have been held, in Topsfield, Grovelaud, West Glouces-
ter, Hamilton Ponds, and Ipswich ; and ten evening meet-
ings at the rooms, during the winter and spring.

To the Library have been added 1104 bound volumes and
about 2000 pamphlets and serials, not including many in-
complete files of newspapers, &c., with few exceptions, dona-
tions ; and received from thirty four societies, or departments
of States, and National governments, and ninety individuals.
The principal donors were W. D. Pickman, Esq., who pre-
sented nearly 400 volumes of valuable books, besides many
serials and pamphlets, and our late President, Hon. D. A.
White, on the day preceding his decease, sent to the library
some fifty volumes of choice classical works formerly owned
by the late Dr. Francis Vergnies, of Newburyport, who died
in that city some thirty years since, at the advanced age of
80 years, — a gentleman of fine classical attainments. In
this connection it may not be inappropriate to state that the
late Judge White has bequeathed his valuable library to the
Institute, with some reservations to his family.

To the Cabinets, many valuable and interesting additions
have been received to the vai'ious departments from 119
contributors. Of these we may mention several general col-
lections made by our sea-faring fi-iends .and residents in
other places. Among whom are Capt. Geo. Harrington,
Rio Grande, Brazil ; Oapt. Charles Millett, 2d, Arabia and
vicinity ; Wm. G. Webb, Zanzibar ; Capt. Francis R. Webb,
during passage to and from Zanzibar ; Capt. L. Peirson
Ward, from Straits of Malacca ; Capt. Wm. Lefavor, from
Para ; Capt. Wm. J. Chever, Port Louis, Mauritius, Ma-
nilla, etc. ; Prof. M. Miles, Lansing, Mich. ; James Bartlett



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76

of Wenham ; B. F. Morrison of Nantucket ; M. Oarimundo
Martins of Bissau, W. Coast of Africa ; Capt. James B,
King, etc.

John L. Russell in his Report on the Herbarium, states
that the removal of the Cabinets of the Essex Institute to
Plummer Hall, rendered it necessary to arrange anew the
specimens belonging to each department. He says :

" The western ante-room of the lower floor, having been
fitted up for the Herbarium and Microscope, and for the con-
sultation of choice books, the part assigned to plant speci-
mens has received what attention I could command, and
has been put in working order. One entire side has re-
ceived the folio sheets of dried plants, arranged as follows : —

Bundles of Azorean, Brazilian, Australian, West Indian,
East Indian, Syrian Plants, gifts of various members ; some
of these are very choice.

A series of Swiss alpine phenogams and cryptogams.

The general Herbarium of the Institute, containing choice
specimens jfrom the illustrious Oakes, Western species from
Lapham ; Rhode Island species from Olney and others.
Many fine specimens obtained in this vicinity at field meet-
ings, beautiful specimens from Tracy ; some of Nichols',
Osgood's, &c., &c.

Incorporated and in their place are European species from
vicinity of Bonn, sent me by the celebrated Caspary of the
University there.

Several of the lichens, mosses and ferns are fix)m remote
parts of New England, and selected from specimens given
me by Frost, or gathered by myself in New Hampshire and
Vermont, or at the White Mountains.

Mt. Katahdin, in Maine, has furnished specimens by the
gift of Rev. A. P. Chute and Rev. Jno. Blake.

These are all arranged on the system of Dr. John Lindley,
as exhibited in his " Vegetable Bangdom," (London, 1846.)
In the main they agree with Dr. Asa Gray's arrangement in
his Flora of North American Plants, &c.

In drawers beneath the cases are fine specimens of rock
lichens from the cullings of Oakes, in the White Mountains,
and of myself in the Green Mountains, and on the lower
range near Brattleboro, Vt.



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77

The larger slabs with patches of crustaceous lichens were
from the summit of Mt. Washington, and were given me by
the distinguished Tuckerman, who had the Oakesian lichens
in his possession. All that Oakes gathered are marked with
the letter on the back.

A vast number of seeds have been collected and are en-
closed in paper capsules and properly marked : it is to be
hoped that all new seeds will be added from time to time.
The larger seed vessels are very valuable, and are respecta-
ble for numbers.

The same should be said of sections of woods, and of res-
ins, gums, fibres and barks used in the arts or medicine.

In conclusion, I would simply recommend that the pres-
ent order be strictly observed, and if on consulting the
catalogue in MSS., species should be found wanting, they be
added to the herbarium, especially if procurable in Essex
County.

In certain genera as in the Asters and SolidoffOy the
suites are quite full and rich, and furnish material for more
extensive and future study.

The Treasurer presents the following statement of the
financial condition, for the year ending May, 1861 :
General Account.
Debits*
Athenaeum Rent, 1-2 of fuel, attend-



ance, <&c..


$457.60


Printing 6.00, Gas Light Company 6.48,


12.48


Express and Postages,


26.42


Sundries,


19.01


Historical Account,


116.66


Natural History and Horticulture,


58.09


Balance,


19.85


Credits.




Balance of the aoeoxmt of I860. .


$ 84.64


Assessments,


684.00


Webster Bank,


36.00


Sundries,


6.37



$710.01



$710.01



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78

Historical Account.
Debits.

Books for the Library, 46.00

Binding, 122.66

Credits.

Naumkeag Bank (Dividends,) 12.00

Michigan Central R. R. (Coupons,) 40.00

General Account, 116.66



$168.66



$168.66



Natural History and Horticulture Account.
Debits.

Books for Library, 18.50

Bottles, Alcohol, and other Preservatives, 39.71

Taxidermy, 67.88



$116.09



Credits.

Dividends Lowell Bleachery, 40.00

" P. S. and P. Railroad, 18.00

General Account, 68.09



-$116.09



Publications.

Debits.

For Engraving Wood Cut, 9.25

Printing, 546.95

Balance, 36.76



$590.96



Credits.

Sales of Publications, 287.21

Ladies' Fair, 303.75



$590.96



The Committee appointed at a meeting, March 31, 1857,
to superintend the construction of the necessary Cabinets, &c.,


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