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Proceedings and papers read before the Lehigh County Historical Society online

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EXCHANGE





PROCEEDINGS

AND PAPERS READ BEFORE THE

LEHIGH COUNTY

HISTORICAL

SOCIETY



VOL. I



ALLBNTOWN, PBNNA.
1908



PROCEEDINGS

AND PAPERS READ BEFORE THE

LEHIGH COUNTY

HISTORICAL

SOCIETY



VOL. I






ALLENTOWN, PENNA.
1908



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PROCEEDINGS

OF THE LEHIGH COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY.



In the early part of January, 1904, letters were sent to a
number of residents of Lehigh county by Charles R. Roberts,
asking their cooperation in forming an historical society. On
the afternoon of January 9, 1904, a meeting was held in Com-
mon Council Chamber, Allentown, Pa., at which the Lehigh
County Historical Society was organized. The officers elected
were: Prof. George T. Ettinger, President; Mr. Philip W. Flores,
Vice-President; Mr. Charles R. Roberts, Secretary; Mr. Leo Wise,
Treasurer.

A committee of three, consisting of Messrs. Roberts, Ochsen-
ford and Wise, was appointed by the president to draw up a
constitution and report at the next meeting, to be held at the
call of the president.

The next meeting was held on June 15, 1904, at the office
of Leo Wise, Esq. The Committee on Constitution reported
having drawn up a constitution, which was read and adopted,
with a few changes. The by-laws were then read and adopted.
On motion the officers were empowered to act as an Executive
Committee until further action be taken. A resolution was
adopted that the dues for the first year be one dollar. The meet-
ing then adjourned.



CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE I.

NAME.

This association shall be called the Lehigh County Histori-
cal Society of Pennsylvania.

ARTICLE II.

OBJECT.

The object of this society is the promotion and encourage-
ment of historical study and research and particularly the dis-
covery, collection, preservation and publication of the history,
historical records and data of and relative to Lehigh county,
the marking of such places of historical interest as may be located



375484



in the county, the collection and preservation of books, news-
papers, pamphlets, maps, genealogies, portraits, paintings, relics,
engravings, manuscripts, letters, journals, and any and all mater-
ials which may establish or illustrate such history; the collection
of data relative to the growth and progress of population, wealth,
education, agriculture, arts, manufactures and commerce in this
county and in addition thereto, the compilation of the tradi-
tions and folklore of the county, and the acquisition by donation,
bequest, purchase or loan, of tools, appliances and objects of
antiquarian interest, and all such other purposes as may further
the objects above enumerated.

ARTICLE III.

MEMBERSHIP.

Section i. — The society shall consist of active, correspond-
ing and life members.

Sec. 2. Of active members. — Any reputable person to whom
there attaches fitness by reason of birth, descent, historical or
antiquarian predeliction, or extended residence in Lehigh county,
may become an active member of this society, upon nomination
at any annual or regular meeting of the society by a majority
vote of those present. Each active member, hereafter elected,
shall pay to the secretary of the society a membership fee of
Two ($2) Dollars and an annual due of one ($1) dollar, and
shall be entitled to receive free of charge one copy of the pub-
lication of the society, hereafter issued. They shall pay said
membership fee and the annual due for the first year, within
three months of their election, sign this constitution, and upon
introduction into the society shall be presented to the presid-
ing officer. The annual due shall become due and payable on
the first of January of each year. Arrearages for three years
will cause the delinquent members to be dropped from the rolls.

Sec. 3. Of correspondent members. — Any reputable per-
son with qualifications similar to those required of active mem-
bers, living in any part of the State of Pennsylvania, or any
other state, may be elected a corresponding or honorary mem-
ber of this society, provided such person be nominated and
elected in the same manner as an active member. Correspond-
ing members shall be invited to aid this society in its work, and
to attend its meetings, but they shall not pay any fees or dues
nor vote at any of its meetings.

Sec. 4. Of life members. — Any reputable person, with qual-
ifications similar to those required of active members, may be
elected a life member by paying the sum of twenty-five (S25)
dollars, provided such person be nominated and elected in the
same manner as an active member. Life members shall pay no
annual dues, and are entitled to receive free of charge during
life one copy of the publications of the society.



SeJC. 5. — The three classes of members may consist of men
and women.

ARTICLE IV.
OFFICERS.

Section i. — The officers of the society shall consist of a
president, a vice-president, a secretary, a treasurer and an Exec-
utive Committee of nine members, five of which members shall
be elected members, and the president, vice-president, secre-
tary and treasurer, ex-officio members.

Sec. 2, — The officers shall be elected annually by ballot by
the members at the time fixed by the by-laws, and shall hold
their office until others are chosen and qualified in their stead.
They shall perform such duties as are imposed by law and are
usually incident to such officers.

Sec. 3. — The secretary shall keep full and correct minutes
of the proceedings of the society in a book of record, give due
notice of all regular mee^-ings and any special meeting of the
society, notify all members of their election, collect fees and
dues of members, pay the same to the treasurer, who shall receipt
for such payments, and issue vouchers countersigned by the
president to the treasurer for claims against the society which
have been examined and ordered by the Executive Committee
or the society to be paid. He shall also have charge, under
the supervision of the Executive Committee, of the books, manu-
scripts and objects of antiquarian interest acquired by the society
by donation, bequest, purchase or loan.

Sec. 4. — The treasurer shall give bond in such sum and
with such sureties as shall be required by the Executive Com-
mittee for the faithful discharge of his duties and he shall keep
the moneys of the society, when not invested by order of the
Executive Committee, in an approved depository, in a separate
book account, to his credit as treasurer. He shall keep accu-
rate accounts of the income and expenditures of the society,
receive all such sums as may be given him by the secretary and
give a proper receipt therefore, collect all moneys due the society
or payable thereto, and pay out the same, only upon orders or
vouchers properly countersigned. At the annual meeting he shall
present a statement of his receipts and expenditures during the
year, with a full report of the financial condition of the soc.ety.
Such statement shall be duly audited before its adoption.

ARTICLE V.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

The Executive Committee shall take charge of all property
belonging to the society; direct the current affairs thereof; recom-
mend plans for promoting the objects of the society; superintend
the interests of the society, and perform such other duties as



may devolve upon it by law or be committed to it from time
to time by the society. It shall make a general report at the
annual meeting. It may elect its own chairman and secretary
and shall meet statedly for the transaction of its business once
at least every quarter, and at the call of the president when nec-
essary, and the presence of five of its members shall constitute
a quorum. It shall also have power to approve and order paid
all bills under the amount of twenty-five ($25) dollars, but all
bills of S25 or over must be passed upon by the society.

A^ the first election of the Executive Committee, two mem-
bers shall be elected for the term of one year and three members
for the term of two years, and such rotation shall be observed
at each annual meeting thereafter.

ARTICLE VI.

VACANCIES.

Any vacancies occuring in the board of officers or Execu-
tive Committee during the year shall be filled by the Executive
Committee until the next election.

ARTICLE VII.

DEPOSITS.

Section i. — Any person who shall deposit specimens of nat-
ural history, objects of virtue or other articles of interest for
inspection and study may withdraw them at any time, provided
the same shall have been received and accepted by the society
as deposits only, and provided five days' notice of the intended
removal, shall first be gven to the proper officers, to wit: the
president and the secretary. All articles received as deposits
shall be so marked, numbered and registered in a book kept for
that purpose, with the name of the depositor.

ARTICLE VIII.

AMENDMENTS.

Section i. — Any part of this constitution or the by-laws
may be amended or repealed by a vote of two-thirds of the mem-
bers present at any annual meeting; provided that a wntten
copy of the intended amendment or of a resolution to repeal
shall have been read before the society at the preceding regular
or annual meeting.

By unanimous consent an amendment or repeal may be
agreed to without previous notice being given.



BY-LAWS.

ARTICLE I.

MEETINGS.

Section i. — The annual meeting of the society shall be
held in the City of Allentown on the second Saturday of January
at 2 P. M. in each and every year. At the meeting an election
of officers for the society shall be held. Such officers shall be
nominated in open meeting and shall be elected by ballot, unless
the requirement be dispensed with by consent of two-thirds of
the members present.

Sec. 2. — The regular meetings of the society shall be held
at 2 P. M. on the second Saturdays of May and October of each
and every year at such places as may be designated by the Exec-
utive Committee.

Sec. 3. — Adjourned or special meetings may be held at any
time or place that may be designated by the president or Exec-
utive Committee at the request of nine members.

Sec. 4. — All meetings shall be open to the public.

Sec. 5. — Nine members shall constitute a quorum of the
society.

ARTICLE II.

STANDING COMMITTEES.

Section i. — At the annual meeting or within a reasonable
time thereafter the president may appoint the following stand-
ing committees to serve for one year : A Committee on Literary
Exercises, a Committee on Biography, a Committee on History,
a Committee on Genealogy, a Committee on Manuscripts, Relics,
Curios and Antiquities, a Committee on Necrology, a Committee
on Pictures, Photographs and Paintings, a Committee on Piint-
ing and Publishing.

Each committee is to consist of three members. It shall
be the duty of each committee to keep a full record of every-
thing relating to the particular subject designated by its name,
such documents to be kept in a book or books, furnished by the
society, and to remain in the library as the property of the society.

ARTICLE III.

ORDER OE BUSINESS.

Section i. — The order of business shall be as follows: i.
Reading of minutes. 2. Minuting names of members present.
3. Election of members. 4. Presenting new members and intro-
ducing visitors from other societies. 5. Announcing decease of
members and referring same to Committee on Necrology, etc.
6. Correspondence. 7. Deferred business. 8. Reports of



8

committees and officers. 9. Announcing donations to library
and museum. 10. New business. 11. Reading of papers and
delivering addresses before the society. 12. Adjournment.

»SivC. 2. — At the annual meeting the election of officers shall
occur immediately after the election of memberg.

ARTICLE IV.

PUBUCATIONS.

All publications of this society, that is, to say pamphlet
publications, must be of uniform size of page.
Adopted as a whole June 15, 1904.



LECTURE AT MUHLENBERG COLLEGE,
NOVEMBER 3d, 1905.

The following account of the lecture by John W. Jordan,
L.L. D., appeared in the Allentown Item, November 4, 1906:

"A lecture under the auspices of the Lehigh County Histori-
cal Society was given yesterday afternoon in the Chapel of Muh-
lenberg College, the" speaker being John W. Jordan, LL. D., of
Philadelphia, Librarian of the Historical Society of Pennsyl-
vania. A brief talk was also given by Luther R. Kelker of
Harrisburg, State Archivist. Prof. George T. Ettinger, Dean of
the faculty of the college and President of the County Histori-
cal Society, presided and happily introduced the speakers. A
fair-sized audience was assembled, including many students of
the college, not a few interested ladies and, among others. Rev.
Dr. S. E. Ochsenford, Rev. Dr. J. A. Bauman, Rev. J. W. Mat-
tern, Prof. H. A. Kline, David McKenna, of Slatington, H. A.
Schuler, Rev. Dr. T. S. Land, President of the Allentown College
for Women, Rev. C. M. Jacobs, C. F. Berkemeyer, Rev. J. F.
Lambert, of Catasauqua, Dr. F. C. Seiberling and C. R. Roberts.

J Dr. Jordan's Address.

Dr. Jordan gave an interesting talk on the early settlement
of Pennsylvania by the Quakers under George Fox in 1672 and
of William Penn's acquirement of the domain and his liberal
dealings with whites and Indians. Then plunging into the local
part of his address, Dr. Jordan said :

'Every inhabitant of Pennsylvania should cherish the sen-
timent of State pride and do whatever he can to advance her
interest and promote her glory. We have never properly appre-
ciated ourselves!

Ivvcry citizen of Lehigh county should support a society,
which in an especial way preserves the historic honor of the
county. Some can give money, some can give books, manu-



i



scripts and pictures; all can give good feeling and good words.
Let each give what he can, and he will give precisely what he
ought. And let him give it soon; and let him living give it,
that he may, with you, himself long see and long enjoy his bounty.

Collectors of manuscripts and books, possessors of historic
paintings; you who spend fortunes upon records of the past,
and show with pride your rich and curious stores, think you
that they who come after you, will share your zeal, your affec-
tion and your care? All these you can bequeath to whom you
will, but bequeath you can not the zeal with which you have
collected them, the care with which you have preserved them,
the affection with which you guard them. Here, then, collector,
in this society, when you have done with them, you had best
deposit these treasures of the past you value. Here is a society
organized to do the very thing which living you were always
doing, but which when dead, you can no longer do. Here are
men of taste, who will take pains in preserving and showing
your collections, men who will learnedly, eloquently and with
truth that your epitaph shall envy, do what living or dying
you could, yourself, have never done, extol the virtues of the
man who owned them. Your Historical Society is in short
yourself, only more so.

The duties of a Historical Society are not only the collec-
tion, but the scrutiny of all original materials. It by no means
follows, because a document is old, that it is curious or valuable;
without discrimination your rooms will become the receptacle
of antique trash. In the collection and preservation of mate-
rials, a society can do much, for which individual action is inad-
equate.

There is a class of material which it is your especial duty
to preserve; local imprints, public documents and newspapers.
Let any one attempt a minute historical investigation, and he
will appreciate this duty. Books of general history and biog-
raphy may be procured by individuals, and are within the com-
pass of private libraries.

A Historical Society should be a sort of ' Intelligence Office '
for manuscripts and other original materials. There are hun
dreds of valuable manuscript memorials of the past neglected
or carelessly regarded by their owners, that with proper effort
on your part, will here find refuge, and can be easily consulted
when the student comes hither on an errand of investigation.
You have historic places, and you have men whom you justly
desire to keep in lively remembrance for their eminent services
in civil and military life — it is not vanity, that the sentiment
which they excite, and which you cherish, should be preserved
through your efforts. And forget not to make photographs of
the ancient buildings which have withstood the cycles of time
and the march of modern improvements.



The history of no county is complete that does not include
a history of its people, and the waves of emigration, that from
time to time entered its borders. What study is there which
sets this so clearly before the historian as genealogy. He may
collect elsewhere the material for some of his statements, but
when he comes to the history of the people it is the genealogist
who points out to him the classes or races who settled here, and
does so with an exactness that conveys an almost personal knowl-
edge of the people who took part in the emigrations. Such a
section, he can say, was settled by such a class. Here they pur-
chased land. Here their descendants remain. Love of coun-
try, I believe, is the spirit that pervades the study of family his-
tory in America, and if in doing so, it creates a class, who feel
that in the history of their country there is something that belongs
to them by inheritance, something of which they are a part,
does it not assure us that the spirit that inspired the men who
settled here, and those who followed them, to build on the founda-
tions they laid, that in their hands the future is secure? No
doubt you have members whose prediliction is for genealogical
research. Permit me to suggest to them, that they turn their
attention to the copying of church registers, family records, and
making abstracts of the wills on file in the office of your Regis-
ter of Wills. I can assure you that it will be a very important
and popular department of your society.

Your society may be made a place of communion in the
special branch of literature for which it was instituted, where
those interested in such studies may be sure to find companions
and fellow students, where the young man who is tracing out
some line of historical research, may find counsel and assistance
from those who have more maturely studied the same thing,
whither the older student may also come and gain from the
active and suggestive mind of younger men, ideas and details
of knowledge which have escaped him. Where all interested in
this pursuit may meet on the same broad platform, and freely
with a precise object in view, think and talk together. In the
inaugural address of the first president of my own society, back
in 1825, he declared that its membership was not confined to
one sex. 'Those to whom society is in every respect so much
indebted; who confer on life its finest felicities, and who soften
and allay the bitterness of adversity, the wife, the daughter and
the sister, may be admitted and encouraged to assist you.' Cor-
dially invite the cooperation of the women of Lehigh County
to aid you. Surely you will find them zealous and untiring in
their efforts to further the aims and objects for which you were
organized. Another important factor to the success of your
society will be to have the sympathy and support of the local
newspaper press. It will freely print your transactions and excite
and increase a general attention to your work.



II

Let all strive to collect every memorial of their forefathers,
which time may have spared. Having rescued these memorials
from oblivion, place them beyond the reach of accident. In
this work labor unceasingly till it is accomplished. Give the
future historians of the State no cause to reproach you for hav-
ing left him nothing but arid chronicles of events, but let him
find among the fruits of your humble toil, materials, not only
for faithful narrative, but for a philosophical exposition of the
conduct and principles and institutions of your ancestors.

The study of local history is wholesome and invigorating,
and strengthens genuine patriotism — it creates and keeps active
the virtue of loyalty and makes us rationally sanguine of the
future — because proud of the past.'

Mr. Kklker's Talk.

Mr. Kelker was introduced and gave a brief talk about the
work of the State Bureau with which he is connected and which
is preserving the State's valuable records and putting them in
handy form for reference and study. He spoke of recently find-
ing the muster roll of Stephen Balliet's Battalion formed in this
section in the Revolutionary War and containing 400 names.
The roll was in forty-three pieces, which have been put together
and will be published shortly in the Pennsylvania Archives."



MINUTES OF FIRST ANNUAL MEETING.

AlIvEntown, Pa., January 13, 1906.

The first annual meeting of the Lehigh County Historical
Society was held this afternoon, in the rooms of the AUentown
Oratorio Society, No. 37 South Seventh Street.

The meeting was called to order by President Ettinger.
The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved.

The secretary reported his attendance as a delegate to the
first annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Federation of Histori-
cal Societies, held January 4, 1906, at Harrisburg, and explained
the purposes of the federation.

A resolution was adopted declaring all persons elected to-day
charter members.

On motion of Messrs. D. A. Miller and J. J. Hauser, the
following persons were elected to membership: J. O. Knauss,
Harrisburg, Prof. R. C. Horn, D. W. McFetridge, Hokendauqua,
Dr. W. J. Hertz, D. G. Dery, Rev. C. J. Cooper, D. D., Dr. P. J.
Kress, David McKenna, Slatington, Rev. John W. Mattern, Major
Thomas Daugherty, Alfred F. Berlin, Frank Jacobs, Mrs. Jennie
C. W. Dorney, Mrs. Annie E. Leisenring, Rev. Samuel A. Bridges
Stopp, Mrs. Matilda G. Iredell, William M. Gehman, Macungie,



12

Benj. F. Cressman, Macungie, Rev. H. M. J. Klein, A. A. Kern,
Slatington, Harold W. Pretz, Edwin G. Trexler, Thomas P.
Wenner, Thomas K. Home, Henry S. Moyer, Rev. Thomas H.
Krick, Coplav, James L. Schaadt, E. H. Reninger and Rev.
J. D. Schindel.

The election of officers followed: Messrs. J. J. Hauser and
David McKenna nominated Prof. Geo. T. Ettinger for President;
Messrs. Charles R. Roberts and D. A. Miller nominated Mr.
Philip W. Flores for Vice-President; Messrs. McKenna and Hon.
Frank M. Trexler nominated Mr. Charles R. Roberts for Secre-
tary; and Messrs. Cooper and McKenna nominated Leo Wise,
Esq., for Treasurer. All were duly elected.

Nominations for five members of the Executive Committee
were then called for. Mr. Roberts nominated Rev. S. E. Och-
senford, D. D., Mr. Miller nominated Hon. Frank M. Trexler,
Rev. Cooper nominated David A. Miller, Hon. F. M. Trexler
nominated David McKenna, Mr. Miller nominated O. P. Knauss.
The nominees were then elected.

The following donations to the society were then acknowl-
edged and a note of thanks passed to the donors:

By Frank Ried Diffenderfer, Litt. D., Secretary Lancaster
County Historical Society: Vol. II, No. i; Vol. Ill, Nos. 8 and
9; Vol. V, Nos. 3, 4, 6 and 7; Vol. VI, Nos. i and 5; Vol. VII,
Nos. 2, 3 and 6; Papers read before and proceedings of the Lan-
caster County Historical Society.

By Charles R. Roberts : Militia Proclamation by Gen. Peter
Ruch, dated Sept. 23, 1824, ordering the militia to parade in
Allentown in honor of General LaFayette.

By George T. Ettinger : Genealogical and Personal Memoirs
oi the Lehigh Valley, edited by John W. Jordan, LL. D., Edgar
M. Green, A. M., M. D., and George T. Ettinger, Ph. D., 1905.
Two volumes.

By John W. Jordan, LL.D., Librarian of the Historical
Society of Pennsylvania: Lafayette at Brandywine, published
by Chester County Historical Society, 1896. Pennsylvania Maga-
zine of History and Biography, January 1905, Vol. 29, No. i.
Portraits of Bishop Spangenberg, Robert Morris, William Henry
and John Hazel wood. Facsimile Franklin's German newspaper,
Philadelphia Zeitung, May 6, 1732. Several pamphlets and fac-
similes.

By Hon. M. C. L. Kline: The Congressional Record. Con-
gressional Directory, 59th Congress, 1906. Annual Report of
the Smithsonian Institution for the year ending June 30, 1904.

By Hon. James L. Marsteller: Pennsylvania at Gettys-
burg, 2 Vols., 1904.

By James J. Hauser: History of Lehigh County, by James
J. Hauser, First Edition, 1901, 94 pages. History of Lehigh



Online LibraryLehigh County Historical SocietyProceedings and papers read before the Lehigh County Historical Society → online text (page 1 of 32)