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Leigh H. (Leigh Hadley) Irvine.

A history of the new California, its resources and people; online

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Milwaukee, Wisconsin, whence he afterward came to the Pacific coast. Mr.
and Mrs. Hicks have two children, Carl E. and Annie Margaret.

Mr. Hicks belongs to the Knights of Pythias fraternity, to the Ancient
Order of United Workmen and the Woodmen of the World. For nine
years he was a member of a regiment of the National Guard of California.
In politics he has always been a Republican, taking a deep interest in the
success and growth of his party. His career has been marked by a steady
advance since he started out as a poor boy to earn his own living at the
age of eleven years. He has been a close and practical student of mining
in all of its various departments and his knowledge is now broad and accu-
rate, thus enabling him to fill responsible positions in connection with this
great and important industry of the Pacific coast.

CHARLES WILLIAM HEYER.

That Charles William Heyer is one of the most prominent and popular
citizens of Haywards is indicated by the fact that for twelve consecutive
years he has served as its mayor, and his election has been conceded at each
time by the opposition before the returns from the polls have been received.
All recognize his devoted fidelity to the welfare of the city, its improvement
and substantial advancement and none question his sincerity regarding the
best interests of the municipality.

A native son of California, he was born in Alvarado, Alameda county,
on the 22d of April, 1866. His father, Julius Heyer, was a native of Ger-
many, and at an early age came to America. In 1857 he made his way to
California by way of the isthmus route and for a number of years was en-
gaged in the successful conduct of a brewery in Haywards, where his re-
maining days were passed, his death occurring in 1873. His wife, who
bore the maiden name of Caroline Ubhoff, was also born in the fatherland
and is still residing in Haywards. Since the death of her first husband she
has become the wife of Leo Palmtag, also a brewer of Haywards. She was
the mother of four children: Flora, the wife of Vincent Strovel, a butcher




^-UcV^ 94^, jdUy^^i^



HISTORY OF THE NEW CALIFORNL\. 993

of Haywards, and Lena, who is with her mother, these being children of the
second marriage; and William also of this city, of the first marriage.

The fourth member of the family is Charles W., whose name intro-
duces this review. The public schools of Haywards afforded him his edu-
cational privileges, and he continued his studies until he had mastered the
curriculum of the high school. At the age of sixteen years he entered upon
his business career in connection with a brewery, in which he continued
until 1889, when he entered into partnership with his step-father, Mr.
Palmtag. This company owns and controls one o-f the largest steam beer
breweries in the state outside of Oakland and San Francisco, the capacity
being thirty thousand barrels. Their field is Alameda county outside of
Oakland, although to some extent they make shipments to other portions
of the country. The brewery is equipped with the latest improved ma-
chinery, the plant being a modern one, and the product of the house finds
a ready sale on the market because of its excellent quality and because of
the known business reliability of the man who stands at its head.

On the 25th of June, 1896, occurred the marriage of Mr. Heyer and
Miss Wilhelmina S. Wehr, the wedding being celebrated in San Francisco.
Mrs. Heyer is a native of Germany and came to the United States in her
maidenhood. The hospitality of the best homes of Haywards is extended
to them, and their own household is noted for its pleasing social func-
tions. Mr. Heyer belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the
Native Sons of the Golden West, the Foresters of America, the Hermann
Sohns and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. His influence has
been a potent element in shaping political interests of his city, and he is
known as a stalwart defender of Democratic principles. He takes a very
active part in local politics and has also been a representative of his party
in county and state conventions. For fourteen years he has served as a
trustee of Haywards and for three terms of four years each has been elected
mayor, being re-elected in April, 1904. His administration has been char-
acterized by all that is business-like and progressive and practical. He
conducts the affairs of the municipality with the same system and fairness
that he does his trade interests, bringing to bear upon the questions which
affect the welfare of the city wise counsel, sound judgment and keen dis-
crimination. Therefore, in a record of those who have been prominently
identified with the development and progress of the west it is imperative
that definite consideration be granted to Mr. Heyer, for not only is he a
prominent representative of business and political interests of this favored
section, but has the distinction of being a native son of the Golden West,
with whose fortunes he has been identified during his entire lifetime, con-
cerned with various industrial pursuits, and so ordering his life as to gain
and retain the confidence and esteem of his fellow men.

BUCKNER K. COLLIER.

Buckner K. Collier, a well known attorney at law of Yreka. Siskiyou
county, has been prominent in the legal circles of California for the past ten
years, and throughout his career has been a leader in public and professional



994 HISTORY OF THE NEW Cx\LIFORNlA.

affairs. He entered upon the legal profession before he had attained years
of maturity, and for a number of years before coming to the west carried
on a large practice and was the holder of offices of great trust and responsi-
bility in his native state of Alabama. He comes of an old and prominent
southern family, the ancestors going back to early American history, and
the Confederacy found in them stanch and loyal supporters throughout the
great rebellion.

Mr. Collier was born at Opelika, Alabama, March 29. 1857, a son of
Thomas and Sarah (Killigrew) Collier. His father was born in North Caro-
lina, and belonged to a family which came from England in 1670, and
his grandfather served as a captain of a Virginia company during the
Revolutionary war. He was a farmer by occupation, and followed that pur-
suit during many years of his residence in Alabama. He was a member
of the Georgia legislature, was a supervisor for Lee county and held other
offices. He was an ardent secessionist, and served through the war, leaving
with the rank of major. He was a well known and representative citizen of
Lee county, where his death occurred in 1883. His wife was born in Ten-
nessee and died in 1872. Her family was of Scotch descent and came to
America in 1797. Her uncle. General Williams, was a general in the war
of 1812. Mr. Buckner K. Collier had five brothers in the Confederate
army, and though some were wounded, none were killed. The eldest,
Thomas, was a physician at Atlanta, Georgia, and served as citj- physician
for years, and died in 1902; John and George are farmers, one in Oklahoma
and the other m Alabama ; Andrew is United States marshal in the middle
district of Alabama. The one sister living is the widow of S. M. Moore,
of New Orleans.

Buckner K. Collier was reared and educated in Alabama, finishing his.
literary education in the Alabama Agricultural College at Auburn. He had
already before leaving college taken up the study of law, and in 1876 was
admitted to the bar by the superior court of Lee county, and in 1878 was
admitted to practice in the supreme court of the state. He was engaged in
a successful practice in Alabama until 1893, when he moved to San Fran-
cisco, where he practiced five years, and has since had his office at Yreka
and has built up a large business. In May. 1903, he formed an abstract
and title company in partnership with L. F. Coburn, and does an extensive
business in that line.

Mr. Collier, though a born and bred southerner, is a Republican in poli-
tics, and was especially active in party work during his residence in the
south. He was elected district attorney for Lee county for 1878-79, and
was chosen commissioner for the settlement of the public debt of Lee county,
for the years 1880-81. In 1885 he was appointed United States commis-
sioner for the middle district of Alabama, and held that office till his resig-
nation in 1890. In the latter year he was nominated by the Republican
and People's parties for attorney general of the state, but was defeated,
although he ran nineteen thousand votes ahead of his ticket. Lender Gov-
ernor O'Neal of Alabam^a he held the rank of major of the cavalrv of the
state troops, and was also assistant adjutant general of the state. While a



HISTORY OF THE NEW CALIFORNIA. 995

resident of San Francisco he was nominated for congress, but was defeated
by James G. Maguire.

Mr. Collier was married at San Rafael, California, August 8, 1896,
to Miss Tamahine Hecht, who was born at Tahiti, in the Society Islands,
and her parents were natives of Vienna, Austria. They have three children,
Randolph, Virginia and Miriam.

DAVID B. FIELDS. M. D.

David B. Fields, M. D., physician and surgeon of Weaverville, Cali-
fornia, has been a recognized leader in the professional, social and political
circles of this city ever since locating here five years ago. He is a physician
of broad experience and generous training and equipment, and at the age
of thirty-five has only fairly entered upon the career of great usefulness
which lies before him. Besides attending to the large demands upon his
professional services, he has proved himself one of the public-spirited citizens
of Weaverville, and is also one of the influential Democrats of this part
of the state.

Dr. Fields comes of a prominent old southern family, of Irish and
English lineage on his father's side, and among his ancestors was the famous
Lord Baltimore. He was born at Manor, Texas, August 22, 1869, being a
son of Dr. J. D. and Frances Mary (Raney) Fields. His mother was the
daughter of the late Colonel J. E. Raney, a very prominent planter of
Manor, Texas. His father was born in Virginia, and is one of the influ-
ential and wealthy citizens of Texas. He is a leading Democrat of the state,
although not desiring political eminence, and in- 1888 refused the nomina-
tion for governor. He is president of the National Association of Red-
polled Cattle Raisers, and is the owner and active manager of large cattle
ranches at Manor and Sonoma, Texas. He is also still practicing medicine.
He was a soldier in the Confederate army, being chief scout under General
J. H. Morgan, and after the latter's death he was transferred to General
Williams' command.

Dr. D. B. Fields was reared in Texas, and recei\'ed his education in the
public schools of that state and in the University of the South at Sewanee,
Tennessee, which he attended four years and of which he is a graduate.
He then entered the Tulane Medical College at New Orleans, taking the
three years' course, and was graduated in 1893 with the degree of M. D..
He then returned to his old home and practiced with his father for five years.
During that time he was local surgeon for the Houston and Texas Central
Railroad. In 1898 he retired from his practice in his native place, and for
several months traveled about California. On April 19, 1899, he located
permanently at W'eaverville, Trinity county, and has built up ana carried
on a very profitable practice during the subsequent time. Within a month
after locating there he was appointed county physician and superintendent
of the county hospital, which positions he still holds. In 1904 he was
appointed county health officer. He is also surgeon for the Fairview Mining
Company at IMinersville, Trinity county, and is chief examinei- for all the



996 HISTORY OF THE NEW CALIFORNIA.



okl-line life insurance companies in the county. He owns a fine home on
]\Iain street of Weaverville.

Dr. Fields is an ardent and hard-working Democrat, and a member of
the Democratic state central committee. He is active in fraternal work,
being a member of the following : Trinity Lodge No. 27, F. & A. M. ;
Chapter No. ig, R. A. M., and Red Bluff Commandery No. 17, K. T., and
is a life member of Islam Temple of the Mystic Shrine at San Francisco.
He is past chancellor of Manor Lodge No. 210, Knights of Pythias, and is
a member of the Texas grand lodge of the Knights of Pythias.

WILLIAM JA^IES RA^IAGE.

^\â– ilIiam James Ramage, of Haywards, wdio continuously filled the
position of city marshal from 1889, up to April, 1904, ^vhen he was elected
to a four years term of city trustee, was born in New York, January 14,
1852. His father, James Ramage, was born in Scotland and was a repre-
sentative of a prominent family of that country. He was a machinist by
trade, but his brothers were sea-faring men. In the year 1848 James Ram-
age came to California, where for more than half a century he made his
home, his death occurring in Haywards in 1899. He established a copper-
smith business in San Francisco, being the pioneer in that industry in the
city and the only one in that line of business for a number of years. In
the early days he engaged in the manufacture of copper plates, bolts, sheets
and sides of vessels, and also did a general business in the manufacture of
copper utensils. He continued in that line until 1854, when he sold out to
Jim Mackey, his place of business being located on Fremont street about a
half block from the water front. He married Miss Ellen Clementina, who
was born in Scotland and died in 1868. They were the parents of five
sons: Charles, a fireman residing in Newman, California; George A., a
horse-developer, who had the honor of training Lou Dillon, the famous
trotting mare; Andrew, a hardware merchant of Haywards; and E. R., who
is conducting a dairy business at San Leandro.

William J. Ramage pursued his education in the public schools of Ala-
meda county, continuing his studies until sixteen years of age. In 1864-5
he was working on the Sothers farm as a vacquero, being thus employed
for eighteen months. He afterward engaged in farming in Livermore for
two years, and on the expiration of that period went south, where he was
engaged in the freight business for ten years, but when the railroads were
built through this part of the state he discontinued his eiforts in that line.
During that period he made Anaheim his home.

Mr. Ramage was married while there and then returned to his old
home in Haywards in 1879. After his return he spent three years in
charge of the Daniel Luce ranch, and in 1883 he purchased a farm of five
hundred and seventy acres, constituting the old Brophy place, which he con-
tinued to cultivate and improve for about four years. He then sold out to
James Spier, a member of the shipbuilding firm of Hinckley, Spier &
Hayes. Mr. Ramage next engaged in the express business in Haywards



HISTORY OF THE NEW CALIFORNIA. 997

from 1887 until 1889, and in the spring of the latter year he was elected
marshal. At the close of his term his incumbency had continued for fif-
teen years and five months. During the two years he was engaged in the
express business he also dealt in real estate. During all the time that he
has been city marshal he has also served in other local offices. He has
been township constable all of the time that he was city marshal, and has
been ex-officio sanitary inspector and superintendent of streets, and for the
past ten years has been ex-officio tax and license collector. As an officer
he has made many important captures, and has between thirty-five and forty
long and short-termed men in the penitentiary. In the discharge of his
duties he had several narrow escapes from death, the desperadoes having
attempted at different times to take his life with knives or bullets, but he
fortunately escaped these ruffianly attacks, and continued in the discharge
of his duties in a most brave and fearless manner and entirely without par-
tiality.

In his political views Mr. Ramage is a stalwart Republican, having
supported the party which has ever been the promoter of progress, reform
and improvement. He is recognized as one of its active representatives in
Haywards, and his efforts in its behalf have been effective and far-reach-
ing. During his residence in Palamores he served for two terms as a trus-
tee of the schools there, and he was also road overseer for five years. He
has been a trustee of the Haywards schools for two terms, from 1890 until
1896, and was a member of the board of high school trustees for one year,
during which time the Union high school of Haywards was erected. The
cause of education finds in him a warm and loyal advocate, as he regards
it as the basis upon which rests loyal American citizenship. Mr. Ramage
has also done much to encourage the establishment of industries in Hay-
wards, and, in fact, has given tangible support to many business enterprises
which have contributed to the welfare and prosperity of this locality.

On the 24th of October, 1874, in Lx)s Angeles, California, Mr. Ram-
age was married to Miss Isabella Hunter, who was born in Canada, and
is a daughter of J. J. Hunter, a lumber merchant and millman, who con-
ducted a gristmill for several years. He also carried on a large mercantile
enterprise and owned several thousand acres of timber. In public affairs
he was prominent and served as magistrate in his adopted city for several
years. The family was of Scotch descent. To Mr. and Mrs. Ramage have
been born eight children, two of whom are now deceased. The living are
William Arthur, who is in the employ of C. J. Eastman, a merchant of East
Oakland; Walter Henry, who is yet in school, but has also become well
known in business circles in Haywards, having been employed in different
mercantile establishments here; Mary Hunter, who is a nurse in the W'om-
en's Hospital in San Francisco and who for four years was in the Hay-
wards postoffice; Nellie, who is a graduate of the State Normal School in
San Francisco; Myrtle, at home; and Lorain, who is in school. Mr. Ram-
age is a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and has served
as its chief officer. He is also a past master of the \\'oodmen of the World
and holds memljership relations with the Foresters of .\merica. As a citi-



998 HISTORY OF THE NEW CALIFORXIA.

zen he has manifested a pubHc-spirited interest in municipal progress and
improvement, and as an official he has rendered service to his fellow towns-
men that has been indeed valuable and indicates his loyalty to the general
good.

PROFESSOR EDWARD AIULLER.

Fortunate is the man who has back of him an ancestry honorable and
distinguished, and happy is he if his lines of life have been cast in harmony
therewith. In person, in talents and in character Professor Miiller is a worthy
scion of his race. He is a representative of a family noted for strong intel-
lectuality and for certain artistic powers, especially in the musical line. He
was born in the city of Friedberg, in the grand duchy of Hesse, Germany,
on the 3d of June, 1823. His father, Peter Miiller, was a native of Harmau,
Germany, and was a professor in the theological seminary at Friedberg. He
represented an old German family of prominence, and was connected with
educational and musical circles up to the time of his death, which occurred
in Staaden, when he was in his eighty-seventh year. He was the author
of a number of works written in Greek, was the composer of considerable
music, including church music, also operas and quintettes for instruments.
After his death a monument was erected to his memory by the citizens of
Friedberg. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Jeanette Braubach, was
also born in Harmau and belonged to an old and distinguished German fam-
ily. Her grandfather was the postmaster of Frankfort-on-the-Main for
many j'ears. Professor JNluller of this review had two brothers. Adolph
is now a pensioner of the German government. For a long time he had
charge of the forests and game for the government, and both he and his
brother Carl have published many illustrated works in natural history. In
recognition of their scientific labors they received decorations from the Em-
peror of Austria and the King of Prussia, and were complimented by Bis-
marck upon their literary productions, one of which was dedicated to the Iron
Chancellor. Adolph Miiller is a painter of more than local note, and although
now eighty-four years of age is engaged in painting Acquarell. He began
painting when seventeen years of age, and his works have been exhibitecl in
Berlin. Darmstadt, London and Paris, where he commands excellent prices
upon the work of his brush. Carl Miiller, the brother, is now bishop of Als-
feld. He possesses superior poetical talent and is the author of a volume en-
titled " Religious and Worldly Poems." There was one sister in the fam-
ily. Marie ]\Iiiller. who died in 1903. She was also tlie author of a number
of poems and of children's stories which were published. Her husband held
an office equivalent to that of superior judge in this country.

Professor Edward Miiller acquired his early education in the gymnasium
at Friedberg, and afterward studied English and French under private in-
struction as well as music. Subsequently he attended the University of Gies-
sen, and afterward went upon a farm in order to learn practical agriculture.
A year later he accepted the position as foreman of a farm, and served in
that capacity at different places for several years, thus meeting some old
friends from the university. He concluded to take charge (if a number of



HISTORY OF THE NEW CALIFORXL\. 999

emigrants on their journey to the state of Texas. A company was organized
in Germany caUed the Aristocratic Company, with the King of Prussia at
its head, and its object was the betterment of the conditions of the poor rep-
resentatives of aristocratic famihes. Professor Miiller made a contract with
the company to bring twelve hundred famihes of Germany to a grant of
land in Texas, the company agreeing to give alternate sections of land to
settlers. They left Hamburg in 1847, ^"^ on reaching their destination
they had to make a treaty with the Comanche Indians in order to be left
in peaceable possession of the lands lying between the Llano and Sansaba
rivers. Professor Miiller and his friends took the emigrants to the land
and established four little cities. They remained there for a year and a
half or until the Comanche Indians drove them all away. About this time
the gold excitement of 1849 "^^'^s attracting universal attention, and Profes-
sor jMiiller, upon a mule and with one hundred dollars in his pocket, left
Texas accompanied bv Major, afterward General, Howard. They went to
Paso del Norte and joined a company of sixteen men traveling to California
through Chihuahua, Sonora, Arizona, to San Diego, making the trip on his
mule. There were many hardships and dangers to be borne during the jour-
ney, and it was surprising to all that the party reached their destination in
safety. They arrived at San Diego, however, without money, clothing or
provisions and went to the United States quartermaster, to whom they ap-
plied for work. He put the newcomers at work upon the building of a two-
story barracks for the soldiers, but Mr. Miiller had no experience or adapt-
ability for carpentering, and in two weeks he lost his position. He did
not have money enough to pay his fare to San Francisco, so he hauled the
balast upon a boat. The captain, however, seeing how he was cut up by
the rock, kindly took him to San Francisco without forcing him to work
his way in this manner, and he arrived in the Golden Gate in April, 1850.
He afterward worked at the north end of Montgomery street at blasting
rock for five and a half days, during which time he earned money enough
to take him to Marysville by steamer. He afterward went to different min-
ing camps, and subsequently accepted a clerkship in a general mercantile
store at Marysville, and later was employed as a salesman in a grocery store
at Downieville. He likewise interested himself in mining in Sierra county,
and, in fact, improved every opportunity that he believed would advance his
business interests. At one time he was proprietor of a store at Downieville,
hut it was destroyed by fire in 1853. The following year he returned to
Marysville and thence went to Nevada City. He was engaged then in min-
ing and teaching music and foreign languages.

In i860 Professor Miiller went to Virginia City in Nevada, leaving his
family in Nevada City, California. There he took part in the campaign



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