time advanced to the captaincy.
As noted, the regiment was at first mustered into the service as
a one-year organization, and at the expiration of that period vyas
formed a state organization for one year, but shortly afterward was
transferred to the United States army. As a state regiment it was
ordered to Evansville, where it assured security of travel and com-
merce on the Ohio River and kept an ej-e on the Confederate sym-
pathizers on the Kentucky side.
At the defeat of the Union troops in the first battle of Bull Run,
the Twelfth was ordered to join the Banks command at Harper's
Ferry, and soon after the arrival of the regiment in Virginia occurred
the promotions of both Major Hubler and Lieutenant Williams. The
Twelfth remained with General Banks until April, 1862, and com-
posed the advance guard of the Union army when it occupied Win-
On the 11th of December, 1861, Captain Williams was captured
by a Confederate force under Stonewall Jackson while making a
reconnaissance of the enemy's position, was taken to Richmond, Vir-
ginia, and confined in the famous Libby Prison until exchanged in
the following March.
, After the fall of Atlanta, Colonel Williams was selected as one of
the court martial convened to try the Indiana conspirators against the
Federal Government, known as the Knights of the Golden Circle.
That treasonable organization existed in several of the states besides
Indiana. As a member of the Indiana court martial, Colonel Wil-
liams voted in favor of hanging Milligan and other conspirators.
At the conclusion of these trials, Colonel Williams rejoined his
regiment at Savannah, Georgia, and commanded it on the march
through the Carolinas to Petersburg and Richmond, and thence to
Washington, where it had the honor of leading in the grand i-eview
down Pennsylvania Avenue and past President Lincoln and other
HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY 209
great men and distinguished visitors. The commander of the Twelfth
was brevetted brigadier general because of his masterly execution
of a raid in South Carolina, in the face of a superior force of the
enemy, by which the enemy's railroad communication between the
northern and southern portions of the state was completely severed.
He cut loose entirely from Sherman 's army and his severing movement
also involved the destruction of large quantities of Confederate stores
and material necessary for any effective resistance to the Union forces.
Retiring from the service at the close of the war, General Williams
again assumed editorial control of the Northern Indianian. This was
the main business of his life for many years, temporarily interrupted
in 1875 by his short editorship of the Fort Wayne Daily Gazette and
his Government service in connection with the comptroUership of the
United States treasury.
Besides "Reub" Williams and Henry Hubler, Andrew P. Gal-
lagher served as an officer in Company E from Kosciusko County.
He was also commissioned first lieutenant May 7, 1861, and Andrew
S. Milice became second lieutenant in September of that year, soon
after Lieutenant Williams had been promoted to the captaincy. The
company, in fact, was virtually a Kosciusko County organization.
At the reorganization of the Twelfth as a three years' regiment.
Companies F and I drew their strength from Kosciusko County.
Samuel Boughter, who was a sergeant in old Company E, became
the captain of F and was subsequently promoted to be major of the
Samuel G. Wells was the first captain of Company I, and was
succeeded, during the war period, by Thomas J. Anderson and Lemuel
The Thirteenth Regiment (Three Years)
The Thirteenth was also originally accepted for state service for
one year, was subsequently transferred to the service of the United
States, and in June, 1861, was mustered at Indianapolis for the three
years' period, in June, 1861. Jere. C. Sullivan was its colonel. On
the 10th of the following month it joined General McClellan's forces
at Rich Mountain, West Vii-ginia, and on the next day participated
in the battle at that place. The fir.st noted campaign of which it
was a part was that of the Shenandoah, with the historic battle of
Winchester as its historic feature. In May, 1862, Colonel Sullivan
was commissioned a brigadier general and Lieutenant Colonel Robert
S. Foster was advanced to the command of the regiment. It re-
210 HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY
mained in Shenandoah Valley during the earl}- part of the summer,
and formed part of McClennan's army in its operations in that region
for some months. The next decisive move of the Thirteenth was to
Charleston Harbor, South Carolina* in June, 1863, where it partici-
pated in the famous assault on Fort .Wagner. In the following
December a portion of the regiment re-enlisted as veterans, enjoyed
the regular furlough in Indiana, was dispatched to Florida in Feb-
ruary, 1864, and in April was re-ti-ansferred to Virginia in time to
engage in General Butler's operations south of Richmond. In this
campaign, the regiment lost quite heavily at Foster's Farm in May
of that year.
Soon afterward the Thirteenth joined the Army of the Potomac
at Newcastle, and was engaged at Cold Harbor and in all the opera-
tions along the Chickahominy and in the assaults upon Petersburg.
In the meantime, the non-veterans of the regiment had been mustered
out of the service at Indianapolis. The veterans of the Thirteenth
continued to participate in the siege of Petersburg and Richmond.
In November, 1864, it was sent to New York City to preserve order
during the election riots, and at its return sailed with the first expe-
dition to Fort Fisher. The veterans were then recruited, by order
of General Butler, and reorganized into a battalion of five companies,
which, with the addition of five companies of drafted men, was
formed into a full regiment. During January and February, 1865,
it engaged in the second attempt at the reduction of Fort Fisher, the
capture of Fort Anderson and the occupation of Wilmington, North
Carolina. Then it participated in the advance on Raleigh and in the
other movements in that state which marked the close of the war.
The regiment was mustered out of service in September, 1865.
During the last two years of the war, the Thirteenth was com-
manded by Cyrus J. Dobbs, having succeeded Robert J. Foster as
colonel in June, 1863.
The Sixteenth Infantry (One Year)
There were several men from Kosciusko County in the Sixteenth
Indiana Infantry, including John H. Rosseau, a descendant of the old-
time French trader. It was originally organized for service within
the state, but with the news of the Bull Run disaster it was incor-
porated into the Federal forces. In July, -1861, it left for Richmond
and the Army of the Potomac, and was the first regiment to pass
through Baltimore after the Confederates fired upon the Sixth Mas-
sachusetts. Its fii-st decisive military movement was as a unit of
HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY 211
General Banks divisiion, to cover the retreat of the disorganized
Union forces after the battle of Ball's Bluff in October. The fol-
lowing spring was passed in the Shenandoah Valley with General
Banks command, and in May, 1862, the men of the regiment were
discharged from the service. Their colonel, Pleasant A. Hackelman,
had been commissioned brigadier general during the preceding month,
and in the following September was killed at the battle of luka, Mis-
The Seventeenth (Three Years)
Kosciusko County also furnished a few men to the Seventeenth
Regiment of Infantry, a three years' organization commanded during
the first ten months of the war by Colonel Milo S. Hascall, who was
then promoted to be a brigadier general. The regiment was mustered
into the service in June, 1861, and until the fall i-emained in Mary-
land and West Virginia engaged chiefly in the construction of Fort
Pendleton. It then joined Buell's army in Kentucky and, after much
marching and counter-marching, finally entered Nashville, Tennessee,
in March, 1862. It was at that time that Colonel Hascall received
his appointment as brigadier general.
The following two years constituted a period of almost ceaseless
campaigning and fighting. The regiment fought at Shiloh, engaged
in the siege of Corinth, followed Bragg through Tennessee and Ken-
tucky, and in February, 1863, became a mounted organization, the
better to prosecute the rapid-moving style of warfare. The men were
armed with Spencer rifles, which proved unusually effective, espe-
cially during the engagement at Hoover's Gap, where they were op-
posed by a superior force, but captured prisonere and valuable arms
and equipment. The month of August saw the Seventeenth doing
its part at Chickamauga, and later the regiment proved a decided
success in the pursuit of Wheeler's elusive cavalry and other horse-
men of the enemy. During the battle of Mission Ridge the command
performed valuable service in the destruction of trains and stores,
and other demoralizing movements, and finally went into camp at
Pulaski, Tennessee, where several hundred of the men veteranized.
The Seventeenth arrived at Indianapolis, on furlough, in January,
The regiment was remounted and again left for the front in April,
joining Sherman's army for Atlanta in 'Slay. From that time to the
end of October it was engaged in all the movements and battles in-
cident to the fall of that southern stronghold and the pursuit of
212 HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY
Hood's army northward. It then returned to Louisville for remount-
ing, was assigned to Wilson's cavalry division and took part in
various engagements in Alabama and Georgia leading to the capture
of Macon. There it remained until its muster-out in August, 1865.
There were few Indiana regiments which had a more varied service
than the Seventeenth.
The Twentieth (Three Years) Infantry
Quite a number of men from the county joined the Twentieth
Regiment as members of Companies C and H. The regiment was
organized at LaFayette in July, 1861, and was mustered into the
service during the same month at Indianapolis. It first saw service
along the southern coasts, and in the spring of 1862 participated in
the engagement between the Merrimac, Cumberland and Congress
and in the capture of Norfolk. Soon after, it was absorbed into the
Army of the Potomac, and subsequently took part in the battles of
Fair Oaks and Manassas Plains. Colonel Brown, its commander,
was killed in the latter engagement. Fredericksburg, Chancellors-
ville and the pursuit of Lee through Maryland into Pennsylvania
preceded the second day's battle at Gettysburg in the record of the
Twentieth. There its loss was very heavy and included the death
on the battlefield of its commanding officer. Colonel John Wheeler.
First Lieutenant Ezra B. Robbins, of this county, was also killed at
The Twentieth was one of the regiments sent to New York City
to restore order there as the result of election riots. In January,
1864, a portion of the regiment re-enlisted for veteran service, and in
the spring was with Grant's army in the fearful campaigns of the
Wilderness. At Cold Harbor, the veterans and recruits of the Four-
teenth Regiment were consolidated with the Twentieth, and not long
afterward was called to the siege of Petersburg. It also took a lead-
ing part in the operations preceding the fall of Richmond, and was
finally mustered out at Louisville, in July, 1865.
Twenty-First Regiment (Three Years)
During the first eighteen months of the war the Twenty-first was
in the infantry service, but thereafter, until January, 1866, was in
the heavy artillery branch. As a three years' organization, it was
mustered into the service at Indianapolis, in July, 1861, with James
W. McMillan as colonel. After it reached the front, it was held for
HISTOKY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY 213
several months in Baltimore, engaged in General Lockwood's opera-
tions against Confederate points in eastern Virginia. In the spring
of 1862 it joined Butler's expedition to New Orleans, and was
the first Union regiment to march into that city. For several months
its main activities were directed against blockade runners in the
Louisiana district. In November, 1862, Colonel Mcilillan was pro-
moted to be brigadier general and Lieutenant Colonel John L. Keith
assumed command of the Twenty-fii-st.
By command of General Banks, in February, 1863, the Twenty-
first regiment was transferred to the heavy artillery branch of the
service, designated as the First Heavy Artillery, and two companies
were added to it. As thus reorganized, it participated in the siege
of Port Hudson and the Red River expedition. In the winter of
1863-64 a large portion of the regiment veteranized, and returned to
Indiana on furlough. At the conclusion of their leave of absence,
the men rejoined the service as a command of the Department of the
Gulf, and in April, 1865, six of its batteries were assigned to positions
in the siege of Mobile and the reduction of its protecting forts. After
these objects were accomplished, the different batteries were assigned
to duty in the neighborhood, with headquarters at ]Mobile. As a
whole, the regiment was mustered out at Port Hudson, in January,
1866, following a grand parade of its twelve batteries, but about 200
of the men, under command of Captain William Bough, preferred to
be discharged in Indianapolis.
The Twenty-Second Infantry Regiment
Five companies in the Twenty-second Infantry were represented
by Kosciusko County recruits, the largest quota (about forty) being
in Company D. During almost four years of its service in the Civil
war, this regiment marched, campaigned and fought with the armies
of the Southwest, finally joining Sherman's army in its sweep to At-
lanta, and northward through the Carolinas to the last decisive
battlefields of the conflict.
The Twenty-second was organized at Madison, Indiana, in July,
1861, and mustered into the three years' service at Indianapolis, in
the following month, with Jeff. C. Davis (then captain in the regular
army) as its colonel. In December, Colonel Davis was commissioned
brigadier general. In March, 1862, it lost heavily at the battle of
Pea Ridge, among those killed being Lieutenant Colonel John A.
Hendricks. Soon afterward it joined the Union army fronting Co-
rinth, and after the evacuation of that place became a part of the
214 HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUXTY
forces engaged in the pursuit of Bragg. At Perrj'ville it lost half of
its effective strength, and among those killed in that battle was the
lamented Colonel Keith. The force of the Twentj'-second was also
materially reduced at Stone River. From that time on, its history
is identitied with that of the Army of the Cumberland — Mission
Ridge, Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Savannah, Bentonville
and all the rest. In December, 1864, enough of the Twenty-second
had re-enlisted to retain the regimental organization and it was after
its return from the Indiana furlough that it joined itself to Sher-
man's army and the fortunes of the great commander, as the Union
forces under him swept up fi-om the south to join Grant and the
armies of the North.
Twenty-Sixth Indiana Infantry
In Companies A and C were the Kosciusko County men of the
Twenty-sixth Indiana Infantry, which was mustered into the mili-
tary service of the United States, at Indianapolis, in August, 1861.
The colonel of the regiment was William M. Wheatley. It left for
St. Louis and the front in the following month to participate in Gen-
eral Fremont's Missouri campaign. The regiment remained in that
state and in Arkansas until June, 1863, when it was ordered to join
Grant's army before Vicksburg, which fell on the fourth of the suc-
Soon after the surrender of Port Hudson, the Twenty-sixth was
transferred to that place, and subsequently to Carrollton, Louisiana.
In September, the regiment was badly defeated at Morganza, and
nearly half of the force was captured and confined for several months
at Tyler, Texas. In February, 1864, the regiment re-enlisted as vet-
erans and after their return from furlough were assigned to garrison
duty at Fort Butler, where they remained until the spring of 1865.
At that time the campaign opened against Mobile, and the last im-
portant action in which the regiment engaged during the remainder
of the war was the assault upon Spanish Fort. It was mustered out
at Vicksburg, in January, 1866.
The Twenty-Ninth Regiment
A dozen or more Kosciusko County men were members of the
Twenty-ninth Infantry, which, in August, 1861, was mustered into
the service for three years, with John F. Miller as colonel. In Oc-
tober, it joined General Rousseau's command at Camp Nevin. Ken-
HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY 215
tueky. Its first battle was at Shiloh, where it lost heavily in men
and officers, and it was in the front line at the siege of Corinth. Upon
its battle flags were also inscribed Stone River, Chickamauga and
other leading engagements. In January, 1864, the regiment veteran-
ized, but thereafter its services were confined to garrison duty. It
was mustered out of the service in December, 1865.
Thirtieth Regiment (Three Years)
The Thirtieth Infantry was largely composed of Kosciusko County
men. Company B and Company I almost entirely consisting of
"home boys." The regiment was organized at Fort Wayne and mus-
tered into the service for three years, in July, 1861, under the com-
mand of Colonel Simon S. Bass. In October it was ordered to Camp
Nevin, Kentuckj-, and assigned to McCook's division, of Buell's army.
It got into the fighting line at Shiloh, where it lost heavily of officers
and men. Of the former fatalities, the most serious was the death on
the battlefield of Colonel Bass.
The command of the regiment then devolved on Lieutenant Colonel
Joseph B. Dodge, a resident of Kosciusko County. The Thirtieth
participated in all the campaigns and critical battles of the Rosecrans
campaigns in Tennessee and Mississippi — Shiloh, Stone River, Co-
rinth, Chickamauga and the other historic engagements which so
tested the mettle of both Northern and Southern troops. In Decem-
ber, 1863, it joined the veteran organizations of the Union armies,
and in the following January was called into the great and decisive
campaigns and series of battles conducted by Sherman. After the
reorganization, seven companies of the old regiment were formed into
a battalion under Lieutenant Colonel Henry W. Lawton. At the fall
of Atlanta, the Thirtieth was part of the force which intercepted
Hood in his march on Nashville, and fought the battle in defense of
that city in December, 1864. With the retreat of the Confederates
and their pursuit into Alabama, the regiment proceeded with the
Fourth Army Corps to East Tennessee, whence it was ordered to
Texas. In that state it saw hard campaigns, but few actual engage-
ments, and was finally mustered out at Victoria, Texas, in Novem-
ber, 1865. It was still commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Lawton.
It is said by old Civil war officers, and the statement is borne out by
the records, that the Thirtieth saw as much hard service and lost as
many men as probably any regiment that went from the state.
Lieutenant Colonel Nelson N. Boydston was a faithful and able
officer in the Thirtieth from Kosciusko County. He entered the serv-
216 HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUXTT
ice as first sergeant of Company B, and advanced through the two
lieutenancies to the head of that unit. At the veteranization of the
Thirtieth, he was promoted to the lieutenant colonelcy.
Previous to its veteranization. Company B had only two captains,
both from Kosciusko County. Captain Boydston was preceded by
Martin L. Stewart, who commanded the company during the first
two years of its service. Company B, of the reorganized regiment,
was commanded by Captains Boydston and Thaddeus Hoke. In the
veteran Thirtieth was also quite a number of men from Kosciusko
County, including several officers.
Thirty-Fifth (First Irish) Regiment
The above-named regiment had substantially the same military
experience as the Thirtieth, and acquitted itself with equal credit.
Not the same local interest was attached to the Thirty-fifth as to
the Thirtieth, as in the former was a comparatively small represen-
tation from Kosciusko County. It was mustered into the service at
Indianapolis, in December, 1861, with John C. Walker as its colonel.
Subsequently and before getting into action, it was consolidated with
the Sixty-second, or Second Irish Regiment. The Thirty-fifth was
mustered out of the service in Texas, during June, 1865.
Thirty-Ninth Infantri' (Afterward Eighth Cavalry)
In October, 1863, after having been battle-seasoned as an infantrj'
organization at Shiloh, Stone River and Chickamauga and the great
southwestern campaigns of which they were the whirlpools, the
Thirty-ninth Indiana Infantry, in which were only a few men from
the county, was reorganized as a cavalry regiment. Two companies
were added to the original command, and the reorganized regiment
performed picket and scout duty in the vicinity of Chattanooga until
February, 1864, when it re-eulisted as a veteran body. After its
authorized furlough, it returned to the southwestern field of war in
time to participate in the Atlanta campaign with Kilpatrick's famous
cavalry. Now the Eighth Cavalry, it swept along with Sherman's
army in the march to the sea and the northern Carolina movements.
The regiment was mustered out of the service in North Carolina, in
Forty-First Infantry (Second Cavalry)
Companies D and M of this regiment drew a few soldiers from
Kosciusko County. The infantry organization of this regiment was
HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY 217
not long maintained, and it was the fii"st complete cavalry regiment
raised in the state. It was organized at Indianapolis, in October,
1861, with John A. Bridgeland as colonel. From December of that
year until the fall of Atlanta, in September, 1864, the historj- of
the Forty-first is identified with the campaigns of Buell, Rosecrans
and Sherman. Soon after Atlanta capitulated, the regiment was
reorganized and placed in the veteran class. It was consolidated into
a battalion of four companies in command of Major Roswell S. Hill,
and thereafter, until the close of the war, was engaged in scouting
and picket duties, with occasional raids into Alabama. The con-
solidated battalion was mustered out at Nashville on July 22, 1865.
FoRTi'-SEcoND Regiment op Inf.vntky
This regiment, which was organized at Evansville, with James
G. Jones as its colonel, in October, 1861, shared the battles and cam-
paigns of such Indiana organizations as the Second and Eighth Cav-
alry, which were attached to Sherman's army at the conclusion of the
Atlanta campaign. There was a very small sprinkling of Kosciusko
County men in its ranks. It was mustered out of the service at
Louisville, in June, 1865.
The Forty-Fourth Infantry
One company (B) of the Forty-fourth was composed entirely of
soldiers from Kosciusko County, and Company C had a sihaller rep-
resentation. All the companies of the regiment were raised in the
old Tenth Congressional district, and its organization was effected at
Fort Wayne in October, 1861, with Hugh B. Reed as colonel. It took
part in the capture of Fort Donelson and in the two days' fighting at
Pittsburg Landing, in both of which it lost heavily. After the pur
suit of Bragg and the battle of Perryville, the fortunes of the Forty-
fourth were intertwined with those of the Army of the Cumberland
and after Murfreesboro, Chickamauga and Mission Ridge, the regi
ment was received into the veteran class. It then enjoyed the well
earned furlough granted to all such, and was honorably discharged
from the service, as the provost guard at Chattanooga, in September
Captain John Murray was the first in command of Company B
and died of wounds received at Shiloh, in April, 1862. First Lieu-
tenant John Barton succeeded him. James S. Getty, also formerly
218 HISTORY OF KOSCIUSKO COUNTY
of the lower grade, was promoted to the captaincy in March, 1863,
and John S. Deardorff was made captain in February, 1865.
The Forty-Sixth and Forty-Seventh Regiments
These two organizations, which numbered small delegations of
men from Kosciusko Count}% were altogether engaged in the south-
western campaigns and chiefly in Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas, Mis-
sissippi and Louisiana. Their operations were in connection with
the long-continued efforts of the Federal forces to obtain complete