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COMMENT IS NEEDLESS!



FACTS vs. ASSERTIONS

From The Gregg Publishing Company's Advertisement in the July, 1909, issue of "The Pho-
nographic World."

"At the E. C. T. A. Shorthand Contest a Gregg writer made the highest official
record on solid matter (177 words per minute, net) ever made in any of the con-
tests."

THE ACTUAL FACTS

From the Official figures given on page 324 of the May issue of "The Phonographic World."

"Miss Nellie M. Wood, of Boston (an Isaac Pitman writer), handed in tran-
scriptions of the 240-per-minute 'straight (solid) matter' test, an'd the 280-per-
minute test on testimony, making sixty-four errors in each test, with a net result of
227 5-5 zvords per minute on the straight (solid) matter , and 264 2-5 words per min-
ute on the testimony."

The following diagram shows the highest official net speed attained by the different systems
in the First (1906), Second (1907), Third (1908) and Fourth (1909) International Shorthand
Speed Contests :

|. T i., 1 , l ,M,,H,».[ ■



Graham 246



ISAAC PITMAN



"We are told of some wonderful stunts by crack writers; how one wrote 218 words in a minute,
but with that statement must go the admission that his transcript was so full of errors that it was
thrown out by the committee. Of what avail is it to be able to write two or more hundred words a
minute and yet be unable to make an acceptable transcript? None whatever. The recognition of
such feats as legitimate performances only shows the supreme heights of folly to which some will
go in an effort to induce a credible public to believe they have that which they have not — a rapid and
legible system of shorthand. If you have any desire that your students successfully pass any rea-
sonable test of shorthand writing, teach a system that can be read. THAT IS WHAT COUNTS.
All else should be of secondary consideration." — From Beers' Live Wire, May, 1909.



The Isaac Pitman System of Shorthand writing is the ideal vehicle for accurately recording the
utterances of the most rapid speaker. For ease of acquirement, facility of execution, and legibility
in transcription it has no equal.



Send for "Why the Isaac Pitman Shorthand Is the Best," and particulars of a Free
Mail Course for Teachers.

Isaac Pitman & Sons, 3 1 Union Square, New York



"Course in Isaac Pitman Shorthand" $1.50.



Pnh7i"»7ioro nt "Practical Course in Touch Typewriting." 50c.
r-uuusnert, w; . ., Bow t0 Become a Law Stenographer," 75c.
{"Spanish Shorthand," S1.S5.



In answering advertisements please mention the Penman's Art Journ



wQ7Utf<<X%winji/9



Plan Your Bookkeeping Course so that
it will Include

Wholesale Accounting

This furnishes four to six weeks' work on the in-
dividual business practice plan, and should be used im-
mediately following our Modem Accountant, our New
Complete Accountant, or any good beginner's text.

It is an ideal publication of its kind. From the stand-
point of student, teacher or business man, it leaves
nothing to be desired. Students are fascinated by its
lifelike presentation of actual business. Teachers are
delighted with its thorough treatment and pedagogical
development. Business men by the score have ex-
pressed high approval of its faithful representation of
business customs and office practice.

It is the second in our now famous Accounting
Series, the four parts of which are :

1. Modern Accountant, or
New Complete Accountant.

2. Wholesale Accounting.

3. Mercantile Accounting.

4. Modern Corporation Accounting.

Begin using our Wholesale Accounting this year, and
in a very short time you will be using our full Ac-
counting Series.

J. A. LYONS & COMPANY




CHICAGO



N EW YORK



Satisfied

Customers

Evidenced by
Large orders from such schools as
Ohio Bus. College, Cleveland; Worcester, Mass., Bus.
Institute; American Com'l School, Allentown, Pa.; Olm-
stead's Select School, Hartford, Conn.; Duff's Colleges,
Pittsburg and McKeesport; Haskell Institute (Govern-
ment Indian School), Lawrence, Kans.; Hill's Bus. Col-
lege, Waco, Texas; University Preparatory School,
Tonkawa, Okla.; Ferris Institute, Big Rapi'ds. A "first
order" from Minneapolis is for 300 Graham.

The Mt. Vernon, N. Y., High School, winner of every
event in the shorthand contest with three other High
Schools (reported on Page v of the July number of the
Phonographic World), teaches Barnes' Shorthand, and
has alredy ordered for next term.

If you want a shorthand which is capable of the
highest speed, which is easily Iearne'd, and which is so
legible that the reporting style is used freely in per-
sonal and business correspondence, and that one re-
porter's notes are read by another — teach the BARNES.
These are reasons why so many other books and sys-
tems have been discarded for BARNES.

Barnes Complete TYPEWRITING INSTRUCTOR has

been adopted for use in the new Soldan High School,
St. Louis. Alredy in use in the other St. Louis High
Schools. Springfield, Mass., High School is among
those ordering the Barnes Special Typewriting In-
structor.

If you want to so teach touch typewriting that your
pupils will continue to write by touch after they leave
school, send for prospectus of Barnes Complete Type-
writing Instructor and Dictation Course. It Is free.



THE
ARTHUR J.



BARNES PUB co



ST. LOUIS



The Budget Systems of Bookkeeping show the highest standard of

attainment as teaching mediums for imparting a practical training in bookkeeping and
office practice. More schools will use the Budgets this year than ever before.

DRILLS IN WRITING CONTRACTS was an instant success. Seeing it is equivalent to
its adoption. It can be used with any text. Something new, so expect imitations soon.

RICHARDSON'S COMMERCIAL LAW— Without an equal for teaching the kind of law
your students can use after they leave you. Is not that the best text to use.

BOOTH'S DICTATOR — Part 3 — Court, Legislative, Convention and General Re-
porting. Enough said ! Every teacher wants it for every student, and we will hear
from you. If we don't, you will hear from it in a neighboring school.

And so it goes on down the list. We sell books. At this date (August 1 5th) we are
swamped with orders — and they are welcome and appreciated. Business is booming —

MAY EVERY SCHOOL BE FULL TO THE DOORS!

SADLER-ROWE COMPANY

BALTIMORE. MD.



In answering advertisements please mention the Penman's Abt Jodbnal.



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5



Going West?



THE TRAVEL WESTWARD this year is re-
ported to exceed all previous records. Many
thousands are availing themselves of the induce-
ments offered in connection with the convention
of the National Education Association at Denver,
and the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition at
Seattle.

We are always glad when we see the tide of
travel flowing westward. Nothing can be more
inspiring, or intellectually broadening than a trip
to the great western country. The man or woman
who has not traveled in the west cannot possibly
realize the tremendous resources and possibilities
of this wonderful country.

Like all new countries, the west is progres-
sive; it is the embodiment of the latest and most
improved methods in everything. It is not held
in the bonds of tradition and reverence for the
things that are old because they are old.

Among those who are going west this year are
many who are engaged in business education.
We earnestly urge them to devote at least a por-
tion of their time to visiting the western public
and private schools. If they do we venture to
predict that they will be surprised at the high
standard maintained by these schools. From our
own experience, we unhesitatingly assert that the
leading schools of the Pacific coast rank second
to none in the country, and far above the average
in equipment and attendance. In the caliber
of their teachers and students the commercial
schools of the Pacific coast are not surpassed
anywhere. In the big cities of the east there are
few schools that can compare with the commercial
schools of San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle,
Spokane, Portland, and the other cities on the
Pacific coast.

The western teachers and school managers
desire the best, and so in the west — the middle-
west, the north-west, the south-west, the far west
— Gregg Shorthand is predominant. There are
few schools of importance in which it is not
taught. It has helped to build up the attendance
and prestige of the schools, and the keen com-



petition in methods of teaching it has developed
results which have been beneficial to all of the
schools.

In the middle-west, it is taught in 110 schools
in Illinois, 80 in Missouri, 75 in Iowa, 48 in Wis-
consin, and 45 in Michigan.

In the north-west, it is taught in 65 schools in
Minnesota, in about 33 in Nebraska, and in 30 in
the Dakotas; (in the cities of Minneapolis and St.
Paul, it is taught in 23 schools of various kinds,
including all the high schools of Minneapolis).

In the south-west, in Kansas it is taught in 46
schools, 33 in Texas, and 25 in Oklahoma.

In the far west, it is taught in 30 schools in
Colorado (in Denver, in 2 high schools and 3 busi-
ness colleges); in 10 schools in Montana, 9 in
Idaho, and 10 in Utah.

On the coast, it is taught in 73 schools in Cali-
fornia (in San Francisco, in 2 business colleges;
Los Angeles, 3 business colleges ; San Jose, in the
high school and both business colleges); in Wash-
ington, it is taught in 37 schools (in Seattle, in
both high schools and in 5 private schools; in Spo-
kane, 2 high schools and 4 business colleges); in
Oregon, it is taught in about 20 schools (in the
high school and 3 other schools in Portland).

Now perhaps you understand why, in begin-
ning our campaign in the eastern states, we should
like to have a personally conducted party of teach-
ers through the west !

This advertisement was suggested by visits
we received while in the Chicago office from
several school proprietors and teachers who were
returning from the west. Some of these eastern
school proprietors and teachers called upon us
simply because they had been so profoundly im-
pressed by the popularity of Gregg Shorthand
with the schools wherever they went in the western
country, and the splendid results that were being
achieved with it.

GO WEST ! Visit the western schools and
investigate the systems they are using, and the
results they are securing.



The Gregg Publishing Company



NEW YORK



CHICAGO



Jn answering advertisements please mention the Penman's Art Journal.



\Q?6lt>Q$iLVio&



Reliable Commercial Text-Books



The WILLIAMS & ROGERS COMMERCIAL PUBLICATIONS are used more widely than
all others of their kind combined. This phenomenal success is due to the fact that they are especially
adapted to practical and satisfactory work in Commercial Schools and the Commercial Departments
of Secondary Schools. Among the more recent publications in the series are :



Modern Illustrative Bookkeeping

It gives careful instruction in the elements of book-
keeping ; thorough drill in making records in books ot
original entry; easy and progressive instruction for
posting original records ; test ledgers to give students
additional drill in closing ledger accounts; reproduced
pen-written incoming vouchers, and individual price
lists.



Moore's New Commercial Arithmetic

In the preparation of this book, business men have
been consulted freely. Its distinctive individuality is
due to the manner in which the topics are treated and
to the practical character and great variety of the
problems. All complicated and obsolete subjects and
all puzzles have been studiously avoided.



Gano's Commercial Law

This volume provides a thorough, practical course
in elementary commercial law, a knowledge of which
cannot fail to be of great benefit to every business man.
It presents only the most useful and valuable funda-
mental principles, and is so arranged that it is entirely
in accord with the most approved methods of teaching
this subject.



Belding's Commercial Correspondence

This book affords a specific preparation for commer-
cial life and makes the student able to write letters cor-
rectly and carry on a correspondence with ease and
precision. The most approved ottice practice along
some kindred lines is clearly explained. The student is
called upon to meet actual business problems.



AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY



IN EW YORK



C I IN C I IN N AT



CHICAGO



£&, PRACTICAL PHONOGRAPHY



"Ready



A revision of "LESSONS IN MUNSON PHONOGRAPHY," by L. H. PACKARD.



This book combines the best characteristics of the older work, with many additional features of a pronounced kind,
making it the most logical, simple and practical text-book of shorthand published. The book contains 233 pages, beau-
tifully engraved and printed, and substantially bound In cloth. The retail price of PRACTICAL PHONOGRAPHY
is $1, postpaid. to be used In conjunction with PRACTICAL PHONOGRAPHY, the new

PHONOGRAPHIC EXERCISE BOOK

Containing over 2500 words and phrases in longhand, in the order in which they occur in the text-book, with
space for phonographic outline and teacher's corrections. The retail price of the Phonographic Exercise Book is thirty
cents, postpaid.

A sample copy of PRACTICAL PHONOGRAPHY will be sent to any teacher or school officer, for examination,
for fifty cents, or both books for seventy cents. A complete series of new Munson reading matter in preparation.



SOME OF
THE OTHER



PACKARD PUBLICATIONS



One Hundred Lessons in English - $1.00

Prepared to meet the requirements of com-
mercial schools, and intended to provide students
with those essentials of practical English re-
quired in business intercourse. Especially adapt-
ed to the teaching of correspondence.
Packard's Progressive Business Practice.

four numbers, each ... $0.30
What the student will be expected to do when
he becomes an accountant in a business office,
tie is required to do here, and with none of the
cumbersome manipulation involved in other
•schemes of practice. This plan is simply ideal,
and is so pronounced by all teachers who have
used it.
The New Packard Commercial Arith-
metic $1.50

Recognized as the standard work on the subject.



The Packard Commercial Arithmetic,

School Edition $1.00

Packard's Short Course in Bookkeeping $1.00

Packard's Advanced Course in Book-
keeping ... - - $1.25

Both remarkable for their clearness and prac-
tical character.

Packard's Bank Bookkeeping - - $1.25

A reliable exposition of banking as carried on
at the present day.



LIBERAL DISCOUNT TO SCHOOLS.

Any of the above books will be sent to teachers, for
examination, upon very reasonable terms.
Correspondence invited.



S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 101 East 23d Street, New York



In answering advertisements please mention tbe Penman




Vol. 34



SEPTEMBER, 1909



No. 1




RUNNING OR LAGGING

By Calvin O. Althouse.
HE moment the departure came in the severance
from the old academic or classical school pro-
cedure and curriculum to the present-day method
of commercial education, that moment the new
school had to justify its existence by its ac-
complishments.

Many of the opponents of commercial education simply
ridiculed it as fanciful, unscientific, unpedagogic and what
not, for sake of better argument. Others did make an en-
deavor to fathom it and see if, after all, there was in it as
much as the ardent and enthusiastic champions of this new
style of formal training averred. They were not disappointed,
unless it were to find that their a priori notions were un-
founded.

Those liberally inclined admit that there is a legitimate
place for training in the economy of business, commercial re-
lations and the technique of trade.

More firmly established, more carefully and faithfully
operated than a decade ago, these schools of business, whether
public or private, secondary or of university grade, have, in
great part, "made good." But it isn't sufficient to attain.
Having gotten to a goal should but spur us to greater and
fuller resolve and make us take further account of our
possibilities.

It was Agassiz who, when writing to Emerson, said: "I
wish that every one of my colleagues would make it hard for
me to keep up with him ; and there are some, I am happy to
say, who are ready to run a race with me." It is the spirit
of an Agassiz that is required to keep the commercial school
man to the front.

The rapidly growing world of business and the wider and
more complicated development of commerce demands of the
schools as much readjustment as does the growth and change
in commercial activity.



terly indispensable to the up-to-date school." It does mean that
every commercial schoolmaster must be awake to the litera-
ture of his profession; an attendant upon the principal meet-
ings of bodies identified with the progress and conservation of
the spirit of commercial training; have a sustained manifesta-
tion of friendship for each other in the profession, whether
in public school service or private; an absolute avoidance of
the petty jealousies and insincerities which too frequently
evidence themselves just about catalogue or active canvassing
time; and, above all, a careful and painstaking endeavor at all
times to study and find out the needs of the business com-
munity, avoiding provincialism, and finally, a maintenance of
cordial relations with manufacturing, industrial and trade
bodies, that misunderstandings may not so readily arise and
a fuller and more complete service be rendered.

Do we often enough strive so that we compel our col-
leagues to run in order that they may keep up with us, or do
we lag? Agassiz gave us a phrase with much of meaning in
it and one exceedingly fruitful. Some one has said that com-
parisons are odious, but when we compare to disadvantage it
seems the more so. It takes courage and strength and ability
to see one's shortcomings educationally, acknowledge them and
mend. But this makes for a better and more substantial
growth. Agassiz learned that it paid to run ; in our day it is
equally unprofitable to be a laggard.

Running, readv to give a race, or lagging?



Of a truth, education is more conservative and change
comes more slowly, but to ignore the lines of growth soon
witnesses an obsolete and waning institution. Nor does this
message call for extravagances in expenditure for equipment
with everything represented by clever salesmen as being "ut-



"I am not unmindful or unappreciative of the invalu-
able and noble service long rendered by the Penman's
Art Journal to the writing world.

"As the pioneer and leading periodical in this branch
of education, it has strong claims and is entitled to high
consideration. It should be a constant visitor to every
school in our land, giving direction and inspiration in 'The
Divine Art' of which it is exponent.

"R. C. SPENCER, Milwaukee, Wis.
"July 12, 1909."



The above message fills us with inspiration. 'When we
remember that we are now beginning our thirty-fourth year,
and that "Uncle Robert" had been in the field a quarter of a
century before that, his commendatory greetings are those of
the pioneer and patriarch.




Q7CrI / QMu.tna&



PUBLISHED BY

The national penmanship Press



Horace G. Healey. Editor

229 BROADWAY. NEW YORK



I



TWO EDITIONS.

Thb Journal is published monthly in two editions.

The Penman's Art Journal, 32 pages, subscription price
76 cents a year, 8 cents a number.

Thb Penman's Art Journal, News Edition. This is the
regular edition with a special supplement devoted to News,
Miscellany, and some special public-school features. Sub-
scription price $1.00 a year, 10 cents a number.

All advertisements appear in both editions; also all in-
struction features Intended for the student.

CLUBBING RATES.

Regular Edition — 75 cents a year. In Clubs of more
than three, 60 cents each.

News Edition — $1.00 a year. Five subscriptions, $5.00;
one hundred subscriptions, $100.00.

After having sent in enough subscriptions to entitle the
club sender to the minimum rate, as specified above, addi-
tional subscriptions in any number will be accepted at the
same rate throughout the school year.

On foreign subscriptions, including Canadian, and on
subscriptions in Boroughs of Manhattan and Bronx, New
York, 25 cents a year extra, to pay for additional cost of

ADVERTISING RATES.

$3.00 an inch. Special rate on "Want" ads. as explained
on those pages. No general ad. taken for less than $2.00.

CHANGE OF ADDRESS.

Subscribers wishing to have their magazine sent to a
new address should notify us promptly, giving the old ad-
dress and specifying the edition, whether News or Regular.
Notices must be received one full month in advance, that
all copies may be received.

The one thing of which The Journal is proudest is that nine-tenths
»l the school proprietors and teachers that take the trouble to put it
In the hands of their students at the clubbing rate think enough of the
paper to send In their own subscription year after year for the News
Edition at one dollar.

- TIS NOT IN MORTALS TO COMMAND SUCCESS, BUT
WE'LL. DO MORE, DESERVE IT."

THE VALUE OF AN IDEAL

"Ideals are like the stars. You may not succeed in touch-
ing them with your hands, but, like the seafaring man on the
desolate waters, you choose them as your guides and, follow-
ing them, reach your destiny."

Thirty-three years ago Daniel T. Ames had an ideal, and
this involved the publication of a magazine which would —

first — Foster the professional interests of those engaged
in placing commercial education on the firm foundation of
respect and usefulness which it now enjoys. (For, be it re-
membered, that in those days commercial training was con-
sidered an inferior department of educational work.)

Second— To cement the ties of brotherly affection, which
have always been the most prominent characteristic of the
members of our profession.

Third— To aid, encourage and inspire the student and the
teacher in their task of seeming to accomplish the impossible
— namely, to acquire in one brief school year a thorough
working knowledge of business routine, and an adequate skill
in cither accounting or stenography.

That this ideal has been realized is manifest on every
hand. To-day commercial training is receiving more attention
in the schools of our land than any other branch of education.

No body of workers in all the world are bound by closer
ties of friendship than are we.

That The Journal has been "OF USE" is attested each
year by the thousands of subscriptions sent in by the member-;
of the "OLD GUARD," who count it a pleasure and a privi-




Calvix O. Althouse.
Mr. Althouse is at the head of the School of Commerce.
Philadelphia. He is a graduate of the University of Pennsyl-
vania, a man of wide travel and experience, and. above all. a
firm believer in practical education. He will write a number
of editorials on points which vitally affect the interests of com-
mercial school men.

lege thus to lend their aid in the great cause of business
education.

We begin another volume, therefore, with a deep feeling
of our responsibility to the profession. If we can perform
the work of the coming school year as acceptably as did Mr.
Ames in the early days, we shall feel that a partial success
has been achieved.

All are agreed that this country is now on the eve of an
era of unprecedented prosperity. The Journal editors hope
that every school will, in September, enroll students to its
capacity, and that each and every student will graduate with
credit to himself and the institution.



OUR COURSES FOR 1909-1910

It is unnecessary for us here to praise the merits of the
work of those who are to conduct the various departments
in The Journal for the coming school year. Each specialist
has achieved a name for himself.

We only wish to mention the fact that we have striven
zealously to use every line of space to the best possible ad-
vantage. Along with the various courses we shall supply each



Online LibraryLife Extension InstitutePenman's Art Journal (Volume 34) → online text (page 1 of 81)