Useful reference Series, No. 25
European War Fiction in English
Personal Narratives of European War
European War Fiction
Loleta I. Dawson
Marion Davis Huntting
F. W. Faxon Company
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN
List of Sources ii
Author's Index 77
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PERSONAL NARRATIVES OF
THE EUROPEAN WAR
European War Fiction in English
Loleta I. Dawson
When one stops to consider the overwhelming amount of
printed material issued during the past five years about the
war, one v^onders if it will ever be fully organized for the
use of students. Even within one division of the war mate-
rial, such as English fiction, the number of volumes is still
so large that any bibliography such as this can merely hope
to serve as a beginning to the subject. Paradoxically, this
aims to be a complete bibliography, as far as the study has
gone. The number of titles included has been generous,
because in so large a subject one must begin with the many
and gradually thru further study eliminate the less useful
works. Undoubtedly there are books included which would
have been omitted had there been opportunity for more study
of the actual texts instead of only reviews.
The bibliography has been limited in the following ways.
Only American bibliographic sources have been used. Ex-
cept for the three novels about Alsace-Lorraine, none have
been included whose setting has not been within the war
months, that is from August, 1914 to Armistice Day, This
excludes the fiction dealing with reconstruction and other
after the war problems, which make a subject by themselves.
Fiction that only touches on war problems or is wildly im-
probable is of no interest to this subject and has been omitted
as far as possible. An effort has also been made to distin-
guish closely between fiction and personal narratives and to
omit the latter. The term "European war fiction in English'*
has been interpreted to include translations of fiction into
10 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
English, and both novels and bound collections of short sto-
ries when more than half the stories in a volume have war
The grouping has been made according to the country that
forms the predominant background of each story and the sub-
divisions have been determined by the chief war interest dis-
cussed. The annotations are strictly from the point of view
of the war content and not of literary merit. Comparisons
have been included as much as possible.
Books marked with * have been read; those starred twice
** have been examined.
LIST OF SOURCES USED
American Literary Annual.
1914 to 1917-18.
A. L. A. Booklist.
April, 191 5 thru February, 1920.
Book Review Digest.
1914 to 1918.
Sept., 1919, Oct., 1919, Jan., 1920.
Jan., Feb., May and June, 1919.
Bulletin of Bibliography.
Jan., 1915 to Jan., 1920.
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Bulletin of the.
Oct., 1914 thru Feb., 1920.
Cleveland Public Library.
Subject catalog of fiction.
File of fiction annotations thru Chambers, R. W.
191 5. Books added to the Cleveland public library;
a popular selection.
1916 (Jan.) thru Jan., 1920.
Cumulative Book Index.
I July, 1919 thru March, 1920.
Jan., Feb., March, 1920.
12 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
Jan., Feb., 1920.
21 Feb., 1920 thru 15 May, 1920.
191 5 thru Feb., 1920.
U. S. Catalogue.
Jan., 1918-June, 1919.
Wisconsin Library Bulletin.
A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF EUROPEAN WAR
FICTION IN ENGLISH
1 Mundy, Talbot. Ivory trail. 1919. Bobbs. $1.75.
Not as fascinating as King of the Khyber Rifles.
2 White, S. E. Simba. 1918.. Doubleday. $1.40.
Story of ivory hunting in South Africa.
Studies of Racial and Patriotic Devotion just before the War.
3 Barres, Maurice. Colette Baudoche ; the story of a young
girl of Metz; translation and foreword by F. W. Huard.
1918. Doran. $1.50.
Written in 1908 and published as The story of a young
girl of Metz.
"A story of Metz with its Lorraine people contrasted
with the Germans living there, particularly a young
French girl and a German professor who has come to
Metz to study." A. L. A. Booklist, Dec, 18.
4 Bazin, Rene. Children of Alsace. 1912. Lane. $1.30.
191 5. Brentano's. $1.00.
Les Oberle. (Title in French.)
The tragedy of an Alsatian family with a great love
for its native soil, but divided against itself by national
14 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
5 Valloten, Benjamin. Heart of Alsace. 1918. Dodd
$1.50. Heinemann. 6/.
On chanerait plutot le coeur de place. (French title)
A Swiss tutor in an Alsatian home shows how, imder
the kaiserlich order of threatening politeness; "the
people have been maintaining a solid opposition, silent
but obdurate, which breaks out with full force in the
war." A. L. A. Booklist, Nov., '18.
6 Latzko, A. A. Men in war. 1918. Boni & Liveright
Translated from the German by A. S. Seltzer.
"Six . . . episodes in which an Austrian officer pic-
tures war as a sickening horror and an exploitation of
the poor. Its sordidness and misery being unrelieved
by any ideal of patriotism," it gives the impression of
. the utter un justifiability of either side of war. A. L. A.
Booklist, July, '18.
7 * Gambler, Kenyon. White horse and the red haired girl.
1919. Doran. $1.50.
The incidents take place at the end of 1914.
8 Gleason, A. H. Young Hilda at the wars. 1915.
Sketches based on the actual experiences of Mr. and
Mrs. Gleason with an ambulance corps. "If internal
evidence can be trusted this book is complementary to
EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH 15
May Sinclair's Journal of impressions in Belgium."
^ Book Review Digest, '15.
"They . . . show the author's reason for the belief
. . . that that alone which seemed good in the horror
[and bleakness] was the courage of the modern man."
A. L. A. Booklist, March, '16.
9 Rinehart, Mrs. M. R. Amazing interlude. 1918. Doran.
"An absorbing picture of life at a little canteen close
behind the firing line ... in the early days of the war,
pictured as the experience of "an American girl from
the Middle West." Wis. Bull. July, '18.
10 ** Chartres, A. V. Outrage. 1918. Knopf. $1.35.
11 Dyer, W. A. Pierrot, dog of Belgium. 191 5. Double-
"An appealing story of a dog . . . taken by the soldiers
from the peasant family to which he belonged â€” wounded
in battle and painfully limping home many miles to his
friends, to find them with home burned, living in a little
hut on their land. Written for the Belgian relief
fund." A. L. A. Booklist, June, '15.
12 Hunt, E. E. Tales from a famished land. 1918.
"Fourteen . . . stories having their conception in the
author's experience serving on the Commission for the
Relief of Belgium. Not all are sad, for there is humor
even in Belgium, but the greater number are poignant
in their exposition of the varied suffering which came
with or followed the German army."- Wis. Bull, June,
The last is a story of the Dardanelles. A. L. A.
Booklist, Je., '18.
i6 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
13 ** Kueller, J. van A. Young lion of Flanders ; a tale of
the terror of war; tr. by C. Thieme and illus. by Louis
Raemaekers. 1917. Stokes. $1.50. Headly. 5/.
A story built up from true incidents learned from eye
witnesses and woven together to show the sufferings and
discord caused by the war in one Belgian family. The
slight plot centers around a spirited boy scout of six-
teen who sees service as a despatch rider, but the tragic
tone of the book puts it in the adult class.
14 Le Queux, W. T. At the sign of the sword; a story of
love and war in Belgium. 191 5. Sully & Kleinteich.
15 Tracy, Louis. Day of wrath; a story of 1914. 1916.
E. J. Code. $1.25.
The adventures of an English couple caught by the
16 Fielding-Hall, H. For England. 1916. Houghton.
Several prose sketches of various narrow-minded con-
scientious objectors, and some patriotic verse. Book
Review Digest, '16.
''Interesting evidence as to the reaction of war upon
a typically British temperament." Nation. 14 Sept.,
17 Hamilton, M. A. Dead yesterday. 191 6. Doran. $1.50.
A document on London life and opinions before and
after August 4, 1914 in which the author emphasizes the
EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH 17
note of boredom. London Times. Lit. Suppl. 18 May,
The author believes, that rather than elevating or
ennobling, v^ar only intensifies one's usual outlook.
Book Review Digest, '16.
"The cause of pacifism is now presented in a manner
that commands respect." Cath. World, Jan., '17.
18 Hannay, J. O. (G. A. Birmingham, pseud.) Gossamer; a
study in responsibilities as affected by the events of 1914.
C1915. Doran. $1.25. Methuen. 6/.
The central character is a British financier of Ger-
man origin, a man of appealing personality, torn be-
tween his love for his Fatherland and his loyalty to
19 Quiller-Couch, Sir A. T. Nicky-Nan, reservist. 1915.
"Nicky-Nan is a half crippled character and ex-
fisherman who finds hidden treasure about the time of
the naval-reserve mobilization and prefers staying home
to enjoy it to serving his country. . . ." Open Shelf, '15.
"It is subcutaneously eloquent of England's popular
failure to grasp the Empire's vital interest in the war."
Growth Thru War Experiences.
By Enlistment and Service at the Front.
20 Bennett, Arnold. Roll-call. 1918. Doran. $1.60.
"If there is any idea or moral in The roll-call, it is
the simple one that from peril of surfeit and smooth
ways the shock of war has rescued many an one for the
better." Bookman, March, '19.
21 Dane, Clemence. First the blade; a comedy of growth.
i8 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
"A character study of lovers just before and during
the war, in which the stern realities of army life stim-
ulate the hero's development and swerve his interest
from birds' eggs to more human matters." Open Shelf,
22 Dark, Sidney. Afraid. 1917. Lane. $1.35. 6/.
"A pathetic story of a boy who is instinctively afraid
and grows up thinking himself a coward. This affects
his relations with his family, his schoolmates, his friends
and finally with the girl he loves. The war gives him
his opportunity and he loses his life to save a friend."
A. L. A. Booklist, Ap., '17.
23 Goldring, Douglas. Fortune; a romance of friendship.
1917. Scott & Seltzer. $1.75.
The struggles of a conventional young Englishman at
the beginning of the war, in which the finer qualities of
his friend win out against the worldly and traditional
24 Hale, Mrs. B. F. Nest-builder. 1916. Stokes. $1.35.
"Contrasts the character and ideals of a . . . home
loving English woman with those of her brilliant Amer-
ican husband of an artistic temperament." Only thru
suffering does he come to have a real sympathy and
love for her and their children, and to develop a soul
in his work. A. L. A. Booklist, Nov., '16.
25 Hopkins, W. J, Clammer and the submarine. 1917.
26 * Locke, W. J. Rough road. 1918. Lane. $1.50.
Appeared in Good Housekeeping 65 :20 â€” Aug., '18,
An account of the transformation of a dilettante
young Englishman who fails to get a commission, into
a Tommy. "There are incidental glimpses of the war's
devastating effect on a French household, and the con-
trast between antebellum ideas in a staid English com-
EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH 19
munity, and the militant ideas of war time." A. L. A.
Booklist, Oct., '18.
27 Palmer, J. L. King's men. 1916. Putnam. $1.35.
"Deals with a coterie of [frivolous] Englishmen of
military age . . . and shows how the war awakened in
each a sense of duty in the general need. Evidently
written as an appeal for enlistment." Carn. Bull., Nov.,
Interesting as it shows the mental reaction of intel-
ligent men to the war pressure.
By Service at Home.
28 Benson, E. F. Robin Linnet.
Centers around the effect of the outbreak of the war
on a Cambridge student and especially his mother, a
pleasure seeking aristocrat.
29 Harraden, Beatrice. Where your heart is. Dodd.
"An original story . . . showing the effect of the war
in deepening the sympathies and broadening the interests
of an avaricious . . . English woman, whose whole
heart has been hitherto with her treasure . . . shop in
Soho, London." The change comes thru her associa-
tion with relief workers in Holland and England. Book
30 * Locke, W. J. House of Baltazar. 1920. Lane. $1.90.
Appeared in Good Housekeeping.
The story of a recluse who is brought to a realization
of the war conditions around him by being the victim
of a Zeppelin raid. It tells how he readjusts himself
and finds ways of doing his share.
31 Meynell, Wilfred. Aunt Sarah and the war; a tale of
transformations. 1915. Putnam. $.75.
"Intimate letters that pass between the heroic English
20 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
Captain Owen Tudor, his Aunt Sarah, and his cousin
Pauline, who is doing Red Cross work at home. They
reveal indirectly the great transforming qualities of
the war, on the men in the trenches and on those left
at home." A. L. A. Booklist, Ap. 'i6.
32 *Ward, Mrs. Humphrey. Elizabeth's campaign. 1918.
Tells how "in the spring of 1918 ... a supersecre-
tary converts a reactionary English squire to patriot-
ism. . . ." Wis. Bull. Dec, '18.
33 Helena. Dodd. $1.75.
The story "starts with the . . . idea of presenting a
study of those young Englishwomen who after their
war experiences are filled with the idea that they must
live their own lives. . . ." Outlook, 24 Dec, '19.
34 Wells, H. G. Joan and Peter; the story of an education.
1918. Macmillan. $1.75, 10/.
Partly reprinted from The New Republic
"A . . . bachelor, ... as guardian of two small
orphans, utterly fails to find facilities to give them the
broad education, academic, moral, religious and pa-
triotic, which he deems they need. The world war
finds Peter an aviator and Joan a motor driver, and it
finds the English people with no comprehensive vision
of the national destiny or international obligations. . . ."
A portrayal and criticism of British life and institu-
tions. It shows the vitalizing effect of the war.
Studies of Typical Families.
35 Aumonier, Stacy. Querrils. Century. $1.60.
The novel takes as its theme, the essential selfishness
of a general studied unselfishness, within a close group.
The Querril attitude and pacifism is tested by the war
EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH 21
and found wanting, as the family circle is broken.
Adapted from The Dial. 20 Sept., '19.
36 Diver, Mrs. K. H. M. Strong hours. 1919. Houghton.
A very long novel presenting problems of character
and conduct, both individual and national.
37 George, W. L. Blind alley ; the picture of a very gallant
gentleman, the adventures of his spirit in war and peace,
the tale of his daughters, his son, their friends, of their
loves and miseries, of the way of the world thru the
great war into the unexplored regions of peace. 1919.
38 ** Lucas, E. V. Vermilion box. 1916. Doran. $1.35.
Letters from various members of a family during the
first months of the war. While there is no lack of ten-
derness or of deep feeling, they do not emphasize the
darker aspects of the war. It gives as true a reflection
of the English type under the te^st of war as does Mr.
Britling. Adapted from The Nation, 7 Dec, '16.
39 Sinclair, May. Tree of heaven. 1918. MacmiUan.
$1.60. Cassell. 6/.
"Remarkable in its characterization and its contrasts
between the peace and happiness in childhood, thru the
changes and unrest of their youth and the desolation
which almost overwhelms the mother as each of her
children characteristically responds to the national call.
The story typifies England. . . /' A. L. A. Booklist,
40 * Wells, H. G. Mr. Britling sees it through. 1916. Mac-
millan. $1.50. 1917. Macmillan. $2.50. 1918. Don-
Appeared in Collier's 29 April-29 July, 1916.
"Two dramas run conjointly thru the book; one, the
drama of the workaday awakening of England in the
22 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
great war, the other, less tangible, but more significant,
that of Mr. Britling's mind â€” its belief in itself and in
humanity shaken by the impact of the incredible
debacle, but finally constructing amid the ruins a more
modest yet serviceable idealism." Condensed from Life
"A valuable document for the future student of the
England of 1914." Open Shelf, Dec, '16.
Pictures of Village Life.
41 Castle, A. S. and Egerton. Little house in war time.
1916. Button. $1.50.
The true record of how a quiet stay-at-home family
felt and thought during the first year of the war and of
the little things that happened in a little country house.
Adapted from the N. Y. Times.
42 * Locke, W. J. Red planet. 1917. Lane. $1.50.
Appeared in Good Housekeeping, v. 63-65 : Sept.,
43 Lowndes, Mrs. M. A. B. Good old Anna. 1916. Doran.
$1.35. Hutchinson 6/. 1918. Grosset. %.y^.
Anna "was a simple, faithful old German woman who
had been the loyal servant of an English mistress for
twenty years. When the war began, she was torn be-
tween her love for her mistress and for her fatherland
and easily became the innocent tool of an unscrupulous
spy." A. L. A. Booklist, Oct., '16.
44 Vachell, H. A. Soul of Susan Yellam. 1918. Doran.
A peaceful Wiltshire village is the scene of this story,
which is "especially concerned with the bitter spirit
with which the respected Mrs. Yellam, the mother of an
only son, accepts the bludgeonings of fate and how she
EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH ' 23
is reconciled thru an intimation of immortality." Open
Shelf. Mar., '19.
The Share &f the Stay-at-homes.
45 Bell, J. K. (Keble Howard, pseud.) Smiths in war
time. 1917. Lane. $1.40.
"By many amusing ventures in self-denial and ser-
vice, Mr. Smith, aged 73, and his devoted wife attempt
to help their country during the war." Carn. Bull. Ap.,
46 Jameson, Mrs. A. E. (J. E. Buckrose, pseud.) Silent
legion. 1918. Doran. $1.50.
"A pathetic picture ... in the third year of the war,
when people had lost their sons and brothers, business
was dull and many comfortably well-off families were
obliged to give up their homes and economize to the last
degree." A. L. A. Booklist, Dec, '18.
47 Lowndes, Mrs. M. A. B. Lilla; a part of her life. 1917.
An Enoch Arden plot is used to show the "possible
and perhaps not improbable phase of the social disorgan-
ization consequent on the war." America.
48 Meynell, Wilfred. Halt! Who's there? 1916. Put-
Who goes there? (English title)
"A companion volume to Aunt Sarah and the war.
Much of it is made up of extracts from the diary of
Pauline . . . who is now a nurse in a London hospital
and there is a final note from the pen of the late Capt.
Tudor on This England, written in the trenches." Book
Review Digest, '16.
49 Phillpotts, Eden. Human boy and the war. 1916. Mac-
millan. $1.25 Methuen. 6/.
24 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
Amusing stories of the effect of the spirit of the war
upon the boys of an English school. Each story is told
by a different type of boy and is true to the type.
50 Sherwood, M. P. (Elizabeth Hastings, pseud.) Worn
doorstep. 1916. Little. $1.25.
An American woman whose English lover has been
killed in the war, rents a house in a tiny English village
and finds some comfort in the people who seek shelter
over her worn doorstep, helping her to forget personal
losses in the greater tragedy of the Belgian refugees.
An unusually charming bit of workmanship cast in the
form of a journal.
51 Snaith, J. C. The undefeated. 1919. Appleton. $1.60.
"A story of the character changes wrought by the war
/ upon a group of people, especially a rather ineffectual
fellow who becomes a hero, and his formidable father-
in-law." Open Shelf, Je., '19.
"It brings the reader close to English life and thought
of the time." A. L. A. Booklist. May, '19.
52 Ward, Mrs. Humphrey. Harvest. 1919. Dodd. $2.
A picture of the English countryside under the new
aspects developed after almost four years of war. Its
scenes are those of women governing and serving â€” ma-
king their way thru new paths to new ends. â€” Adapted
from the N. Y. Times.
53 Hemenway, H. L. Four days; the story of a war mar-
riage. 1917. Little. $.50.
"Short story concerned with the emotions crowded
into the four days leave of a young English officer com-
ing home to marry his American sweetheart." Open
Shelf, Nov., '17.
54 My airman over there; by his wife. 1918. Moffat. $i.35-
EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH 25
Letters telling of the husband's experiences and the
wife's daily life, her intimate feelings, and her read-
justment when her "Bill" falls in battle. The same sort
of a story as Kelley's Over here. Adapted from A. L.
A. Booklist, July, '18.
55 Pennell, E. R. The lovers. 1917. Lippincott. $1.00.
''A true story of two lovers who lived in a garret,
across the street from Mrs. Pennell. She wrote about
them in a sketch printed in the Century. Then followed
acquaintance, and after his death at Loos, his wife
brought a sheaf of his letters which Mrs. Pennell in-
cludes with sympathetic insight. . . . They make the
war very real." A. L. A. Booklist, Dec, '17.
56 Ward, Mrs. Humphry. Missing. 1917. Dodd. $1.50.
"An absorbing picture of life among the cultured
classes. . . ." A. L. A. Booklist, Feb., '18.
57 Begbie, Harold. Convictions of Christopher Sterling.
1919. McBride. $1.50.
"The central character of this social study ... is a
personification of . . . the conscientious objector, who
'stuck' even thru the crucial test of war. An impartial
setting forth of the conflicting ideals of nationalism and
religion in time of war. It finds its climax in Britain's
breach of faith with the Quakers and the barbarous
treatment of religious objectors in British prisons." A.
L. A. Booklist, Nov., '19.
58 Galsworthy, John. Saint's progress. Scribner. $1.60.
Reprinted from the Cosmopolitan.
"A study of a religious temperament, [having as its]
subject the breakdown of religion in England during the
war." Bessie Graham.
26 EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH
59 * Snaith, J. C. The coming. 1917. Appleton. $1.50.
"An attempt to dear the way for a realization of
spiritual values by means of the story of a poor mystic
who partakes of the nature of Christ and has a vision
of the brotherhood of man. Opposed to him is the con-
ventional vicar of the orthodox church. . . ." A. L. A.
Booklist, Nov., '17.
60 Wells, H. G. Soul of a bishop. 1917. Macmillan.
$1.50. Macmillan. $2.50.
"The doubts and gropings of a bishop's soul as the
failure of the church is revealed by the war. He has
visions of an ever-present God but the plan of estab-
lishing a new church is discarded after a third vision
wherein he sees that each man must work out his own
idea of God." A. L. A. Booklist, Dec, '17.
"A fictional reworking of the religious ideas ex-
pounded in God the invisible King." Open Shelf, Feb.,
The New Social Order.
61 McKenna, Stephen. Sonia: between two worlds. 1917.
"The pith of the whole situation in which England
[found] herself â€” the passing of the aristocratic 'order
and sweated labor . . ." Carn. Bull., Mar., '18.
"The first world is ... of the upper class before the
war and the first part of the story records the school
. . . life of some of the representative upper class men."
The second part treats of the ennobling effects of the
war. A. L. A. Booklist, Jan., '18.
62 McNeile, H. C. (Sapper, pseud.) Mufti. 1919. Doran.
"After a prologue at the front, the action of the story
turns to London. . . . The war is then in its last phase.
EUROPEAN WAR FICTION IN ENGLISH t.'j