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Disasters at sea, 200-207

Discovery and application of the most trustworthy means of saving life, 200
Discussion on fish as food, 29

,, on fisheries of Ireland, 94, 137

,, on forest protection, 275

,, on line- fishing, 296

,, . on preservation offish life, 54

,, on seal fisheries, 168

,, on storm warnings, 191

,, on trawling, 326
Dishes for cooking fish, 26
Distinctive qualities and capabilities of means of saving life at sea, 200, 209,

211

Distribution of sea fishes, improved facilities for, 117



INDEX. 339

Diversion of sewage, 65

Dogfish, 316

Dogger Bank, 310, 313, 315, 317, 322

,, cod, superiority of, 21

Dog seal, 166
Dory, 7, 20

Drum, the. See Signals.
Dry seasons, benefits of forests at, 266
Dublin Loan Society, 100, 143
Ducie, Earl, remarks by, 326, 330
Dumas, M., 58
Dutch as line-fishers, 283

,, ovens for cooking fish, 26

,, system of storm signalling, 180

EARLL, R. E., remarks by, 101-105, I 44~ I 47> 172-173

Economic transmission of sea fishes, improved facilities for, 117, 122, 126

Eels, 7, 21 .

Efficient life-saving appliances, 213, 214

Egypt, cholera among fish-consumers in, 48

Electric telegraph, for conveying intelligence of storms, 178

Elements of flesh or muscle, 5

Emigrant sailing and steam ships, boats provided for, 20 1

England, regulation of fisheries, 170

English law of salmon fisheries, 252

,, Mercantile Marine, 190
Epidemic, fish, 38
Erith, 27
Erne, lake, 84

Esquimaux fishing-tackle. See Fishing-tackle, Esquimaux.
" Eurydice," loss of the, 200
Evaporation in forests, 267, 271
Excrementitious matter in rivers, disease germs in, 38
Existing evils in Spanish fisheries, necessity of remedial measures for, 254
Expenses of trawlers, 321
Experiments with sewage, 43, 44

in fish preservation, 220, 221

Explosive substances, evils attached to use of, 252
Eyemouth, storm at, and its results, 191

FACTORS to be regarded in connection with selection of food, 10, 1 1
Fanning, Captain, 166
Fat of seal, 167

meat, 6

Fatty matter, 6, n, 12, 13, 18
* Field,' extract from, 40, 41
Fish and flesh, nitrogenous constituents of, 5, 6, 7
Fish, appropriate food for brain-workers, 15, 16, 17

,, as a chief article of diet, 4

Z 2



340 INDEX.

Fish as food, 3, 4, u, 15, 16, 18, 19

as suitable diet in declining years, 18

,, available as food on or near British shores, 18, 21

,, condition of, when frozen, 222, 239

,, Culture Association, 84

,, dinners at the Fisheries Exhibition, 12, 19

,, discussion on, 29, 30, 31, 32

,, epidemic, cause of, 38

,, flavour of, 222, 225, 239

,, found dead in impure rivers, 40, 41

,, found near the mouths of sewers, 46

,, freezing, 221, 222, 239

,, handling, 224, 227

health of, preserved by forests, 268

in boiled water die, 46

,, in ice, 224, 240

,, in lime water die, 43

killed by sewage, 45

packing, 224, 228

piling of, 224, 228

reproductive power of, 249

,, require free oxygen, 46

,, suffer from turbidity of water, 47

supply, 219, 229

,, supply from inland waters of Ireland, 81

,, transport, 220, 241

unhealthy, effects of eating, 47

,, value of, 308
Fish-hooks (ancient), 282-283
Fish-markets, Belgian, 285

,, ,, Billingsgate, 290
Grimsby, 285, 290

,, Netherlands, 285

,, ,, Spanish, 295
Fish "tea, "9

Fisher Bank (North Sea trawling-grounds), 310, 313, 317
Fisheries of the British Isles, importance of, 117, 144

,, causes of the depletion of, 245, 246
Fishermen, condition of, 297, 301

,, difficulties in conveying news of storms to, 189

,, (Scotch), value of storm warnings to, 191

,, number employed, 308

Fishermen's fish diet, 12
Fishery- fleet of Newfoundland, 155

,, harbour and pier accommodation, necessity for, 128 ,133

,, ,, Government neglect of, 133, 134

,, legislation, 88-101, 144, 254
Fishing-grounds, United Kingdom, 289, 290, 293



INDEX. 341

Fishing-grounds, Danish, 286

Faroe Isles, 284, 295

,, Finmarken, 281, 2^4

French, 295

Icelandic, 284, 295

,, Lofoten, 284

,, Newfoundland, 284

,, North Sea, 281, 283

Norwegian, 286-288

,, Swedish, 286

Fishing-ports, Barking, 289, 291
Grimsby, 285, 300

,, ,, Maasluis, 284

,, ,, Middleharniss, 284

Perniss, 284

Vlaardingen, 284, 285

,, ,, Zwartewaal, 284

Fishing-tackle, British, 294

,, Esquimaux, 282

,, ,, Norwegian, 288

,, Swedish, 287

Fishing-vessels, British, 282, 289-293
Dutch, 285, 291

,, French, 295, 296

,, ,, Norwegian, 288

,, Swedish, 286

FitzRoy, Admiral, system of warning, 179
Flags, use of, in the United States, 182
Flavouring, herbs and condiments for, 27
Fleeting system, 323
Flesh, chemical analysis of composition of, 8, 9

formers, 5, 6, 7, II, 16

,, of seal, 167

,, or muscle, elements of, 5
Floating mattresses, 210
Floods, prevention of, by forests, 266
Flounder, 20
Food constituents, 11,12

,, factors to be regarded in connection with selection of, 10, II

fish as, 3, 4, n, 15, 16, 18, 19

" Forest," collision between the " Avalanche " and the, 205
Foul or unclean fish, 31

France, annual gain from fresh water fisheries in, 83
,, area of lakes and ponds in, 83
,, artificial impregnation of fish in, 82
,, culture of fish in, 83

,, fleet of boats engaged in mackerel fishing off Kinsale in early part of
1 8th century, 119



342 INDEX.

France, (South of), floods and droughts in, 267

Fraserburgh herring fishery, 12 1

Freights, cost of, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133

Fresh herring, 20

Fried fish, 24

Fryer, Charles E., 61

Functions and structure of human body, 5

Fund for purchase of boats and gear, 100, 143

Funds, want of, for increase of telegraphic messages, 190

Fur seal fisheries, 159, 171

Future prospects of seal-fisheries, 167, 170

GEAR for lowering and disengaging boats, 211

Gelatine, 5, 7

German carp, 82, 102, 145

,, nsh supply, 285
Gestation, period of, in seals, 167
Golden Horn, origin of the designation, 247
Goode, Professor Brown, 31, 77, 255, 275
Government aid for technical education in matters relating to Fisheries, 106,

136
,, ,, towards establishment of factories for curing fish and

development of fisheries, 123, 133, 136, 147
neglect of the harbours and fisheries of the South of Ireland,

98, 117, 118, 133, 141
Gradient, the, explanation of, 181
Grains, (cereals), n, 16
Gravesend, 55
Grayling, 41
Grays, 166
Great International Fisheries Exhibition of 1883, lessons with regard to life

saving apparatus to be learned from, 199
Greenland Fisheries, 170
Green mackerel, poison in, 30, 31
Greenore herring fisheries, 76, 85
Greenwich fish dinner, 13

Gregarious nature of seals in high latitudes, 156
Grey mullet, 20
Grilling fish, 27, 28

Grimsby fishing-port. See Fishing-ports.
Gulf of St. Lawrence, 156, 157, 158
,, Tres Montes, 159

,, Valencia, red mullet fisheries in the, 251
Gurnard, 21

HABITS of seals, 156, 157

Haddock, 7, 20, 283, 285, 287, 290, 293, 294, 316, 317, 320



INDEX. 343

Hair-seal fishing, 159

Hake, 21, 316, 320 .

Halibut, 21, 283, 294, 316

Hamilton, Marquis of, remarks by, 276, 328

Handling of fish objectionable, 224, 228

Hand-lining, definition of, 282

Hangman Point, necessity for harbour or pier at, 135

Harbour and pier accommodation, necessity for proper, 33, 79, 86, 96, 100,

104 128, 142, 143, 147
Harbour seal, 156
Harbours and lighthouses, 298

,, of refuge, 96, 139
Hardships of seal-hunter's life, 167, 168
Harp seal, 156
Harwich fisheries, 95, 138

Haunts of herring and mackerel on South coast of Ireland, 117
Human body, structure and functions of, 5
Health of fishes, preservation of, by forests, 268
Heligoland (see also North Sea trawling-grounds), 317
Helmholtz, 220
Hempen cord for nets, 157

Heneage, Mr., M.P, remarks on line-fishing, 300
Herbs and condiments for flavouring fish, 28
Herds of seals in Gulf of St. Lawrence, 156
Hereford, 41, 43
Herring fisheries, statistics of Irish, 76

,, fishing off Kinsale coast in early part of i8th century, 119
,, fresh, 20

Herrings, 226, 285, 293, 294
Hide, 159

High latitudes, gregarious nature of seals in, 156
History of the fisheries of Ireland, 117
Hoffmeyer, Captain, investigations of Atlantic storms, 185
Hollandaise sauce, 13
Home, Mr. Milne, 58, 191
Hooded seal, 156

Hookers. See Fishing-vessels, Dutch.
Hooks (fish), ancient. See Fish-hooks.
Home of fur seals, 162
Horn Reefs, 310, 317, 322
Hornsby, Mr., remarks by, 94-96, 137, 139
Howth fisheries, 137

,, herring fisheries, 76, 95
Hudson's Bay, 157
Hull, railway rates from amount of fish caught at, 307, 308, 309, 314,

323, 325

Hunting seals, 158, 164, 165
Huxley, Professor, remarks on trawling, 330



344 INDEX.

ICE for fishing-vessels, 293
packing fish in, 224, 226, 240
Iceland fishing-grounds. See Fishing-grounds.
Icing of fish, 309, 324

,, ,, cost of, 128, 131

Ichthyophagus Club, New York, 32
Illustrations of methods for cooking fish, 24, 25
Immature cod. See Cod.
Importance of seal-fisheries, 157-169
Improved means for saving life at sea, necessity for, 211

>, ,, mode and authority by which they should be applied, 215, 216

Improvements on fishing boats and steam carriers, 118, 119, 128
Inadequate means provided for saving life at sea, 199, 201, 202, 209

,, ,, illustrations of the, 201-209

Infections by developed germs, 228
Infusions' 1 of meat Fish [and vegetables under certain conditions never

putrefy, 220
Inshore trawling, 311
Insurance of fishing-vessels, 293

International development of fisheries, proposals for, 259, 260
,, treaties for remedy of abuses, 260

,, Meteorological Committee, the, 177

Inventions for saving life at sea, 210, 213
Ireland, boats and gear used by fishermen in 1665, 118

,, East coast, fisheries of, 136

,, extension of railway accommodation in, 139

,, fisheries of the South and West coasts of, 117

,, Government neglect of harbours and fisheries of, 117, 118, 133, 141

,, haunts of herring and mackerel, 118, 120

,, history of the fisheries of, 117

,, importance of herring and mackerel fisheries in South of, 118, 120,

121, 123

,, improvement of harbours of, 121, 134
,, increased supply of fish in inland waters of, 144
,, purchase by the State of railways in, 139
, , transport of fish from, 228
,, want of curing houses on South coast of, 122
West coast, fisheries of, 137, 138, 142
,, appliances used on, 138

Irish Church Fund, vote from, towards development of fisheries, 142
Irish Fisheries and Harbour Bill of 1883, 136

,, area fished in, 1879-82, 76

,, area of Inland waters, 80, 81, 83, 84

supplies from, 81, 83, 84

,, development of, 78, 79, 87

,, drawbacks to development of, 78

,, English supply derived from, 75

,, Imperial interests involved in the stimulation of, 75



INDEX. 345

Irish Fisheries, list of applications for grants in aid of piers and harbours,
92, 93

report of the inspectors of, 75-79

revenues derived in ancient times from foreign nations allowed

to fish on Irish coasts, 98, 141

,, utilisation of new fishing grounds, 76, 77, 81

,, vote from the Irish Church fund towards, 100

Irish fishermen, 138
Irrigation, 57
Irrigation farm, 62
Isle of Cape Breton, 138

Jab'ega, 251, 252

Japan, 171

Jardine, Mr. Alfred, 32

Joilleville, Marquis de, 83

Jutland Reefs (see also North Sea trawling-grounds), 317

"Kenmure Castle," loss of the, 209, 213

"Kent," loss of the, 200, 206

Kilkeel, statistics of herring fisheries at, 76

Killing seals, manner of, 165, 166

Kinsale, description of herring and mackerel fishing nets in present use at,

123-126

,, extracts from " Annals of Kinsale," 119

,, ,, from letter of Dr. Furger to Mr. Secretary Burchett con-

cerning French fishing vessels at, 119
,, Government aid for development of fisheries at, 135

herring, mackerel, and pilchard fisheries, in 1665, at, 118-120
,, history of fishery pier and sea wall at, 133, 134
,, letter from Sir Robert Southwell concerning fishing at, 119
,, statistics of herring fisheries at, 76, 95
,, ,, relating to boats, &c., engaged in herring and mackerel

fisheries during 1 880-2, 121, 122, 138
Koeppen, Dr., tracks of Atlantic depressions, 186

Labrador, 155, 156, 158, 221

Lake carp, 82

Lampreys, 293, 294

" Langrigg Hall," loss of the, 208

" La Plata," loss of the, 204, 205, 211

Larch, 271

Lard, use of, in diet, II, 12

Laughton, J..K., remarks on storm warnings, 193

Legislation and fishing trade, 325, 329

,, on fishery questions, the basis for, 243-261

on forest protection, 267, 271



346 INDEX.

Lemon sole, 316

Leverrier's first proposal for conveying intelligence of weather, 178

Leverwood tree, proposed introduction of, 274

Life-belts, 210

,, buoys, 210

rafts, 212

jackets, 210

,, saving appliances, invention of, 210, 213, 214
Lighthouses. See Harbours and lighthouses.
Lime water inimical to fish life, 43

experiment with, 43

Limited extent of means provided for saving life at sea, 201
Line-fish (fish caught by the line), 283
Line-fishing, definition of, 281
Lines (fishing). See Fishing-Tackle.
Ling, 21, 283, 286, 287, 293, 295, 316
Living organisms, 219, 227
Lloyd, Mr., 41

Loans to fishermen to provide boats, &c., 88, 92, 104, 147
Lobos Island Fisheries, 170
Lobsters, 290

Localities for seal-fishing, 156-158
Local Government Board, 65-7
Loch Fyne fisheries, 95, 138
Lofoten fishing-grounds. See Fishing-grounds.
" London," loss of the, 200
Long Forties (North Sea trawling-grounds), 317
Long-line fishing, 281

Lowering and disengaging gear for b'oats, 211
Lowestoft fisheries, 95
Lyon, Mr. Washington, 56

MAASLUIS fishing-port. See Fishing-ports.

Maccaroni, 30

Mackerel, 7, 20

,, fishing on the Irish coasts, 119, 120, 121, 122
,, description of nets used in, 123-125

McAllister, Rev. J., 54, 55

Magdalen Islands, 158

Magellan seals, 159

Straits of, 160, 171

Malaga, fish trawling at, 251

Manner of killing seals, 164, 165

Manure, 56, 61

value of, 57

Marine mammalia, work on, 167

Markets (fish). See Fish-markets.

Marshall's book on ponds, 81



INDEX. 347

Marston, Mr., 80

Martin, Mr., remarks by, 170, 173

Maternal instinct of seals, 164, 165

Mauritius, flood and droughts in, 267

Mayonnaise sauce, 13

Meat as chief element of dietary should be avoided by persons of sedentary

habits, 14
Mediterranean, bou or chalut worked by boats in the, 251

fisheries, 246, 248, 258

Melted butter sauce, 13
Menhaden (America) fishery, 103, 146]
Merchant Shipping Act, alteration of, in 1880, 325
Meshes of nets, size of, 157
Metal trays for packing-fish, 223, 224, 228
Metropolitan Board, 57, 60
Method of launching life-boats at sea, 212, 213
Methods of cooking, suggestions on, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28

,, fishing, opinions of Spanish fishermen on, 249, 250

Middle-class dietary, 16
Migrating time, 157
Migratory species of fish, 246-247
Millar, Mr., fishery lessee, 41

Milltown, Lord, Chairman of the Conference, 106-108, 148, 151
Mode and authority by which improved means of saving life at sea should be

applied, 215, 216

,, of capturing seals, 157, 158, 159, 162
" Mogul," loss of the, 213

Money Point, necessity for harbour or pier at, 135
Mullet, grey, 20

,, red, 8, 20
Murcia Valley, 267
Muscle or flesh, elements, 5
Mussel, 287

NARRATIVES of disasters at sea, 200-209

,, of the collision between the " Avalanche," and the " Forest," in

the English Channel, 205

,, of the loss of the " Birkenhead," at Simon's Bay, 203, 204
,, of the loss of the cable steamship " La Plata" in the Bay of Biscay,

204, 205

,, of the loss of the " Teuton," 207, 208
Necessity of remedial measures for existing evils, 254
Nenagh, lake, 84

Net-making, government aid for technical education in, 136
Nets, 157

,, and other utensils used by Spanish fishermen, description of,

249, 250
,, description of, in use, for herring and mackerel fishing, 123-127



348 INDEX .

Nets, preparations for preservation of, 123-124

,, Scotch method of curing, 123

,, size of, used by French mackerel fishers off the coast of Kinsale in early
part of 1 8th century, 119

working of, and suggested improvements on existing system, 126
Nettles, 272
Netting seals, 166
Newfoundland, 155, 156, 158, 169

,, fishermen and importations of, 79> 97> J 4

,, fishing-grounds. See Fishing- grounds.

Newport, 41

*' New York Herald " warnings, 184
New York Ichthyophagus Club, 32
Nitrogenous constituents of fish and flesh, 5, 6, 7
Nordney (see also North Sea trawling-grounds), 317
Normandy, fish pond in, 83
North Atlantic fisheries, 169

,, Sea fisheries, diminution of, 97, 142

,, Sea halibut, 21

,, Sea, kinds of fish taken in, 316

trawling-grounds, 305, 310, 313, 315, 324
Northern fisheries, 156, 157, 158, 159, 170, 171
" Northfleet," loss of the, 200, 212
Norway, importations of preserved fish from, 95, 140
Norwegian fishing-vessels. See Fishing' vessels.
Number and capacity of boats provided for saving life at sea, inadequacy of

the, 202, 203
Nutritive qualities of fish, 4, 5, 9, 16

OAK, 217

Object and value of Papers read at Conferences, 172
Ocean-going steam and sailing ships, boats provided for, 201
Oil of seals, 159

,, use of, in diet, n

Omeath herring fisheries, statistics of, 76
Organisms, danger of eating fish on account of, 29
Osborne, Mr., of Clerkenwell, a supply of fish to the poor, 85
Osier willows, 274

Ostrya Virginica. See Leverwood tree.
Ovens for cooking fish, 25, 26, 27, 28
Over-fishing, 247

Owen, Sir P. Cunliffe, address by, 3
Oxygen, 46
Oyster beds of Spain, 246

" Pacific," loss of the, 214
,, seal-fisheries, 159, 171



INDEX.



349



Packing fish in ice, 224, 226, 240

,, quality of fish impaired by, 224
Papers read at Conferences, object and value of, 172
Paper read by Captain Temple, 156
Parasites or trichinae in fash, 29, 31

Passenger steam and sailing ships, boats provided for, 201
Pasteur, 220

Patagonia, 159, 161, 167, 170
Pera, flood and draughts in, 267
Perch, 21

Perniss fishing-port. See Fishing-ports.
Persons employed in fish trade, 308
Peterhead herring fishery,*94, 121, 137
Phoenicians, tunnies caught in ancient times by the, 247
Piers and harbours, list of application for grants in aid for the improvement or

construction of, 92-94
Pike, 21

Piling of fish objectionable, 224, 228
Plaice, 7, 20, 315-317, 327
Plane, 271

Plants purify impure water, 45
Plinio, Caio, 247
Pliny, on the enormous quantities of tunnies caught by the Phoenicians,

247

Poisonous materials, evils attached to the use of, 252
Pollack, 21
Pond carp, 82
Poplar, 271
Pork (fat), 6, 12

Portable life-saving appliances, 210, 214
Port Famine, 163
Potatoes, II
Practical cookery, 23-28

Precarious nature of seal-hunter's calling, 161, 164, 165
Preparations for preservation of nets, 124

,, for transmission offish from fishing grounds to markets, 127, 128
Prescriptive rights, 67, 68
Preservation by retardation, 221, 222, 223, 240

,, duration of, 223, 228

,, speedy cooling required, 223, 228

,, must be continuous, 225, 228

,, offish, effects of temperature, 221, 222

,, metal trays, 223

,, necessity of cleanliness, 222

,, refrigerating cars important, 225

Preservation of sealskins, 163

Preserving of fish, Government aid towards technical education of, 136
" President," loss of the, 200



350 INDEX.

Price, G. E., Captain, R.N., M.P., report on inadequacy of provision of boat

by, 202

Price of fish, 85, 86
Prickly comfrey, 273

" Princess Alice," loss of the, 200, 206, 207
Principal station for sealers, 160
Pringlea antiscorbutica^ 273
Proceeds of Exhibition, as to disposal of, 328
Products of vegetable kingdom, constituents of, 6
Profits, divisions of, 320

Proposals for international development of fisheries, &c., 259, 260
Prospects of seal-fisheries, 167, 170
Provisions and conditions for saving life at sea, 199, 201, 202

,, government authority for enforcement of, 199
Provisions for sealers, 162
Public Health Acts, 59

,, Conference, 66

Punta Arenas, 160

Purification of water, by Mr. Sillar's patent, 51-52
Putrefaction of fish, causes of, 199-201, 226-227

,, ,, rapidity of, 200

Putrid matter, 38

QUESTION of age in relation to food, 17, 18

RAILWAY accommodation in Ireland, 96

,, ,, ,, extension of, 139

,, commission on diminution of North Sea fisheries, 99

,, rates for carriage of fish, 85, 128, 131-133
Railways and conveyance of fish, 306, 307, 329
Rainfall and forests, 266
Raising of nets, 157
Ray, 316

Redfield, Mr., discoverer of law of storms, 178
Red mullet, 8, 20

,, Fisheries in the Gulf of Valencia, 251

Reeve, Mr., of Rotterdam, 119
Refrigerating cars, 226-227

,, exaggerated views of, 226

,, insulation of, 226

Remedial measures for existing evils in Spanish fisheries, 254, 255
Rendezvous of fleets, 322
Reporting stations, in British Isles, 183
Reproductive power of fishes, 249
Resolutions as to pollution, 42, 63

Revenues derived in ancient times from allowing foreign nations to fish on
Irish coasts, 98, 141



INDEX. 351

Rice, II

Ridley, Mr., Acting Commissioner for Newfoundland, 168

River carp, 82

Rivers Pollution Act, 42

,, inefficacy of, 69

,, when passed, 68

,, power of cleansing themselves, 43

Roasting fish, 27
Rookeries of seals, 159-161
" Royal Charter," loss of, 179, 200
Royal Commission on Pollution of Rivers, 39, 55

> on saving life at sea, proposed appointment of, 215,

216

,, Navy, ships of the, 199

aggregate armament, 199

,, crews, 199

,, ,, equipment, 199

,, ,, ,, steam power, 199

,, ,, tonnage, 199

Russia, interest in seal-fishery, 171
Rye -grass, Italian, 50

Salix Babylonicdy 274

caprcea, 274

purpurea, 274

,, virminalisy 274
Salmon, 30, 31, 221, 223, 241

,, fisheries, English law on, 252
,, found dead, 40
Salmonidse, in uncooked state, 30
Salt for preserving skins, 163
Salted fish, 7, 17, 284, 285, 295
Sandy Point, 160, 165
Saprolegnia, 268

Sarmiento, Father, on the funny fisheries of the golden horn, 247
Sauces for fish, 13
Saving life at sea, 199-216

,, ,, appliances for, 203, 210, 214

,, ,, provisions and conditions for, 199, 214-216

Scammon, Captain, U.S., 167
" Schiller," Loss of the, 200
Schroder, 220
Schwann, 219, 220

Scotch herring fisheries, 129, 138, 146
Scotland, transport of fish to, 227
Sea-bream, 21

Seal-hunters, principal station for, 160
Seal-hunting, 159, 167, 168



352 INDEX.

Sedentary species of fish, 245

Selection of food, factors to be regarded in connection with, 10, II
Self purification of rivers, 44, 45

,, ,, chlorophyllaceous growths, means of, 47

Selwyn, Admiral Jasper, on insufficient boat accommodation, 202
Sewage farms, 49

impractible for the metropolis, 50

land suitable for, 49

,, in rivers affects health, 55

kills fish, 43

,, methods of purifying, 49
Sewage of Hereford, doing injury to the river, 41
Sewell-Gana, Major, Chilian Commissioner, 170
Sex and age of seals, 166
Shade for fish afforded by forests, 268, 277
Shark -fishing, 299
Shaw-Lefevre, J. G., M.P., 79
Shetland, Norsemen of, 79
Sheward, Mr., remarks on storm warnings, 192
Shipment of skins, 165
Shooting seals, 166
Shrimp trawling, 311, 331
Sicily, floods and droughts in, 267
Signal-ships, 184, 185, 192
Signals, descriptions of, 179

,, used by fishing fleets, 321
Sillar, Mr., 17, 29, 51, 63

Silver pits, the (North Sea trawling-grounds), 311, 314, 322
Silvered pups (seals), 166
Sims, Mr., remarks on trawling, 326
" Singapore," loss of the, 205
Single boating system, 323
Size of seals, 166, 167
Skate, 283, 294, 316

Sketch of oven for cooking fish before the fire, 27
Skins, preparation of, 165
Slater, Mr. J. W. 44
Smelt, 19
Smith, Mr., 57
Social habits of seals, 156
Sole, 313, 316, 317, 320, 327
Solid constituents of meat, bread, and fish, 7, 8
Soups and stews, conger and turtle for, 21, 22, 23
Southern fisheries, 159, 173

Pacific, 154

Patagonia, 159

South of Ireland (near Dublin) Fishing Co., Limited, 121
South Sea fur seals, 159



INDEX. 353

South Shetland Island fisheries, 170
Southwell, Sir Robert, 119

Spain, diminution of sea-bream and other shore species of fish in, 260
,, fishery boards in maritime provinces of, 254
,, oyster beds of, 246

,, proposed legislation on Salmon fisheries of, 253
,, salmon a luxury in, 253
Spanish fishermen, nets and other utensils used by, 250

,, opinions respecting the causes of the diminution of fisheries entertained

by, 249, 250

,, waters, disastrous results of trawling in, 251
,, ,, Jabegas and boliche worked by boats in, 251

Spitzbergen Seal-Fisheries, 172
Spring fishing, 158
St. George, Isle of, 171
St. Lawrence, Gulf of, 156-158
St. Paul, Isle of, 171


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