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[Here the arms of the see of Exeter impaling Vesey, and the
inscription, as in Gutch's Wood, p. 324, are omitted.]

Cf. footnote 3.
p- 201 In a small Window on the Top of the Stayres going up to the
Library.

[Here are the arms of Waynflete, as above.]

[Here the arms of Arundel quartering Mundevill, as in Gutch's
Wood, p. 326, are omitted.]

Every pane of glasse in the Windowes of the Library hath a Lilly
in it.

These two Coates are on each side of the door neare the Library
Stayres.

[Here are the arms of Waynflete as above.]

[i. Gules, a rose en soleil or (' the divise of Edward the 4*^^, King
of England ').]
p. 205 [A facsimile of a charter in the Treasury of Christ Church by which
Bernard de S. Walarico granted certain lands in Mixebire to Bernard,
the son of Milo de Harenis.]
p. 3 1 6 A note.

To putt the Earl of Northumberland in mind to relate to the Lords
of the Parliament that Monsieur Prince de Harcourt peere & grand
Esquire of France & Embassadour extraordinary. Having had the
honour to see their Majesties of great Brittayne hath acquainted them
with the earnest desires of his Master the King & his Mistress the
Queene of France to contribute any sort of endeauour to settle the rest
and quiett of this kingdome. And if (as he doth believe) they haue any
such intentions, when they shall make appeare the cause of taking up
of Armes, he shall doe his best endeauours therein according to the
antient lawes customes & ordinances of this kingdome.
p. 317 Prince Rupert, Created Earl of Holdernes & Duke of Cumberland,
by Patent, Dated & Sealed, 25 Jan. 1643.

• In MS. Add. ii,6io, p. 28, " 1555.'

* In MS. Add. 11,610, p. 29, ' eluxit.'

' In MS. Add. 11,610, on a slip inserted between pp. 29, 30, ' In the nrches of
stone of the said East window, three angels holding these armes: (i) Quarterly
France and England ; (2) nothing ; (3) per fess, gules and argent, three roses
counterchangcd.'



OXFORD CHURCH NOTES, 1643-4 127

MS. Add. 11,610.
Magdalen Colledge.

In the Windows of the aforesaid outer Chappel these following p. 1 7
Saints are artificially shaded.

In the two East windows of the North part of the said Chappel the
following Saints.

In the three upper divisions of the first Window these Saints their
names wrote under them in Capitall letters,

Sanctus Clemens Alexandrinus, Sanctus Cornelius Martyr, Sanctus
Cyprianus Martyr.

In the three lower divisions,

Sanctus Cyrillus, Sanctus Basilius Martyr, Sanctus Gregorius.

In the second East window of the said North part.

In the three upper divisions,

Sanctus Gregorius Nyssenus, Sanctus Cyriatus Martyr, Sanctus
Georgius Cappadox Martyr.

In the three lower divisions,

Sanctus Laurentius Martyr, Sanctus Hippolytus Martyr, Sanctus
Nicholaus.

In the two East Windows of the South part of the Said Chappel.
In the three upper divisions of the first Window,

Sanctus Winceslaus Martyr, Sanctus Januarius Martyr, Epimathus
Martyr.

In the three lower divisions of the same,

Sanctus Nemthius Martyr, Sanctus Hyldrycus, Sanctus Burchardus.

In the three upper divisions of the second Window,

Sanctus Agathon, Sanctus Anselmus Archiepiscopus Cant. Sancta
Martha.

In the three lower divisions,

Sancta Anna mater Deiparae, Sancta Maria Deipara, Sancta Maria
Magdale.

In the two South Windows these following, p. 18

The three first saints being in the higher partitions, the three last in
the three lower.

In the first South Window,

Sancta Tecla, Sancta Theodosia Martyr, Sancta Helena.

Sancta Agnes Martyr, Sancta Eulalia Martyr, Sancta Brigida.

In the second South Window these,

Sancta Christina Martyr, Sancta Euphemia Martyr, Sancta Clara.



128 COLLECTANEA. IV

Sancta Vrsula, Sancta Catharina Martyr, Sancta Salome.

In the three West Windows these.

In the West Window in the South end of the said outer Chappel
these,

Sanctus Barnabas, Sanctus Cleophas, Sanctus Crispus.

Sanctus Timotheus, Sanctus Titus, Dionysius Areopagita.

The great middle West windowe containes a liuely discription of the
day of Judgment with the resurrection of the dead, in middle
partition Angels sounding their Trumpets to Judgment, and Christ siting
as Judge, in the partition at his right hand the emblem of the Saints
in glory ; in the other at his left hand Angels with flaming swords
driueing and the Devil draging the damned to Eternal Fire.

In the third West window being in the North part of the aforesaid
outer Chappell these Saints,

Sanctus Aristarchus, Sanctus Clemens, Sanctus Ignatius, Sanctus
Polycarpus, Sanctus lustinus, Sanctus Irenaeus.
p. 24 On the Wainscot over the doore at the topp of the saide staires
(leading up into the Hall), in the middle the Kings armes viz : —
quarterly quartered France & England, of Scotland & Ireland, fourth
as first, on the right hand the Colledge armes, on the left the Princes
armes viz : — the Ostriches fethers out of a Crowne.

Vpon the Pillars of the Hall Screene on the inside these armes,

The Colledge armes.

The armes of the Bishoprick of Winchester viz : — gules, two Keys
endorsed the bows interlaced in bend, the uppermost Argent, the
other Or, a sword interposed between them in bend sinister of the
second, Points & Hilts of the third, impaling the Colledge armes.

Two Coats quarterly.

1. a Lyon rampant. [Arundel.]

2. a fret [Mundevil.]
3 as 2, 4 as I.

The Colledge armes againe.

Vpon the Wainscot at the upper end of the Hall.

On the said Wainscot severall places of scripture in Imagry viz.
Christ being at meat.

On the said Wainscot this date twice 1581.

In the Hall Windows,

The Colledge armes sixteen times, for the most part each armes
within a Garter.

In the great east window quarterly France & England at each side
the Colledge armes.



OXFORD CHURCH NOTES, 1643-4 129

In the great North window at the upper end of the Hall several p. 25
sentences out of Seneca, Plato, Isodorus, Ambrosius, Cassiodorus p. 26
Bernardus etc. as this

Sapientise opera dare non possumus ) •, ,

Si mense habundantiam rogitemus J
or this : Quanto quis his alcius erigitur

Tanto iuris gravioribus oneratur
or this : Edere oportet ut vivas ) q

Non vivere ut edas J
or this : Amicitia tanto est certior quanto vetustior. Seneca.

cum multis aliis.

In the Second Roome of the Founder's Lodgings in the first East ?• 32
window,

The Founder's armes.

The Founder's Picture.

In the Second East window of the said roome,

The Pictures of King Charles the first & Henrietta Maria his
Queen anno 1633.

In the first West window of the said roome,

Quarterly France & England within a garter.

Two Coats quarterly i. gules, a lion rampant or
2. azure, a fret or
all within a garter [for Arundel quartering Mundevill].

In the second West window,

per fess gules & argent, three roses counterchanged within a garter.

Over the Chimney of the same roome these armes,

1. Azure, a rose gules, round it the raise of the sun or.

2. The Colledge armes. P- 33

3. France & England.

4. [Arundel quartering Mundevill.]

5. Argent on a fess sable between three roses proper seeded or,
a lyly of the first [for Richard Mayo, Bishop of Hereford].

In the Founder's Bedchamber.

At the head of his Bedd these carved,

About the midst the Cross of Criste with a Scrole at the topp of it
for I N R I.

At the right side of it.

The King's armes viz : — quarterly France & England with the rose
at one side, the portcullis at the other,

[Arundel quartering Mundevill.]

At the left side of the said Cross,
IV. K



130 COLLECTANEA. IV

His owne armes with

On a fess between two lyons rampant a rose between two
c[h]oughs.

In the President's Lodgings.

In the ground Roomes Windows.

In the first roome only the Colledge armes.

In the second roome in the two North windows,

[The arms of the see of Lincoln impaling Longland.]
p. 34 [The arms of the see of Winchester impaling Cowper.]

In the space inclu[d]ed by the said Arch the effigies of Christ
speaking to his disciples, ' Ite et prsedicate Evangehum ; ' in a book in
his hands, ' Pasce oves meas.'

The Colledge Armes.

In a single rombus of the same Window [The arms of the see of
Winchester impaling Bilson].

In a second window of the said second roome.

[The arms of the see of Exeter impaling Veysey.J

In the same window quarterly France & England within a garter
over a crown or.

In another upper roome.

In the South window.

[Here the following coats of arms, noted in Gutch's Wood, p. 326,
as removed into the Hall windows from the President's Dining room,
are omitted, viz. : —

1. The arms of Gloucester impaling Bullingham, his arms missing,
as also in Gutch's Wood, p. 325.

2. The arms of the see of Exeter impaling Bradbridge, as in
Gutch's Wood, p. 325.

p. 35 3. The arms of the see of Bath «& Wells impaling Godwin as in
Gutch's Wood, p. 326.

4. The arms of the see of Coventry & Lichfield impaling Overton,
his arms missing, as also in Gutch's Wood, p. 326.]

In a North window of the same roome.

[Here the following coats of arms noted in Gutch's Wood, p. 326,
as removed into the Hall windows from the President's Dining room,
are omitted, viz. : —

I. The arms of the sees of Rochester, Sarum «& York quartering
Pearce, his arms missing, as also in Gutch's Wood, p. 326, are
omitted.]

The King's armes, under them 1547, about them God saue the
Kynge.



OXFORD CHURCH NOTES, 1643-4 131

[Here the arms of the see of Rochester impaling Warner, as in
Gutch's Wood, p. 326, are omitted.]

On the third bell in the Tower this inscription,
Sum Rosa pulsata mundi Katrina vocata.
On the fourth,

Dulcis sisto Melis vocor Campana Gabrielis.
On both a chevron between three ewers.
On each William Founder me fecit.

Collegium Corporis Christi.

On the Plaister of the wall at the South end [of the Hall]. p . 5

At the top the King's Armes with Supporters, mantle & Crest in
Solid.

Vnder them,

[The arms of] Winchester, Winchester impaling Fox, within a
garter. Fox. Over them in Scroles Est Deo gratia.

[The arms of] Oldam, Exeter impaling Oldam, Exeter. Over them
in Scroles, Gratia Dei mecum.

All Soules Colledge.

On the brasen Eagle in the middle of the Chappel, ^ ^

Richardus Astley custos, Thomas Gwynn socius, ex dono anno

domini 1625 [cf. Gutch's Wood, p. 265, n. 64].

In the windows of the said Chappel these armes,

Quarterly France & England, France ,

„ England & France, England

„ France & England, England I '^."',^ '" ^^ ^^^^^^

wmdows.
» >) j> i» I

>> >j >> >>

These following in North windows,
England with a file of three points argent.
France & England with a file of three points argent twice.
France & England.

Canterbury impaled with Chichley now the Colledge armes viz :

Or a chevron between three cinquefoyls gules.
Chichley. England.
Canterbury & Chichley. Chichley.

In the same windows these effigies curiously drawne in glass.
In the lower partitions of the South windows,
The pictures of all the Kings of England from the Conquest to

K 3



132 COLLECTANEA. IV

the King Henry the Vlt^ who is the last, with their severall names
and em[blems].

In the Vpper partitions severall fathers, saints etc.

In the North windows in the Vpper partitions,

Sanctus Petrus, sanctus Andreus, sanctus lacobus.

Sanctus

Sanctus Philippus, sanctus Bartholomeus, sanctus Mathias.

Sanctus Simon, sanctus Taddeus, sanctus ]\Iatheus.

Sanctus Paulus, sanctus D . . . . sanctus lohannes Baptista.

In the lower divis[i]ons,

Origines Beda presbyter.

Sanctus Dionysius Arriopagna Episcopus. Basilius Episcopus.
Athanasius Alexandrinus.

Eusebius Emisserus, Sanctus Athanasius Alexandrinus.
Sanctus Ciparius Carthagi[ensis] cum . . .
p. 84 In the outer Chappel windows the saints following depicted in the
glass, the three first being in the higher partitions, the three last in the
lower as in IMagdalen Colledge.

In the two last windows of the North part of the said Chappel
these.

First window,

Sanctus Petrus, Sanctus Andreas, Sanctus lacobus.

Sancta Anna, Sancta Maria mater, Sancta Maria Cleophe.

Second window,

Sanctus lohannes, sanctus Thomas, Sanctus Matheus.

Sancta Maria Salome, Sancta Maria Magdalene

In the two East windows of the South part of the Chappel.

First window,

Sanctus lacobus minor, Sanctus Philippus, Sanctus Bartholomeus.

Sancta Maria, Sancta Helena, Sancta Anastacia.

Second window,

Sanctus Simon, Sanctus ludas, Sanctus Mathias.

Sancta Editha, Sancta Kat[ejrina, Sancta Satinola.
p. 85 In the three West windows.

First west window broaken, only at the topp these armes, Canterbury,
Chichley.

In the great middle west window only the same armes at the topp.

In these ^ third West window,

Sanctus Kenelinus, Sanctus Edmundus.

Sancta Martha

1 Sic MS. ■



OXFORD CHURCH NOTES, 1643-4 133

at the topp as in the two former, Canterbury, Chichley.

In the two North windows these.

First window,

Sanctus Laurentius Sanctus Stephanus.

Sancta Wenefreda, Sancta Agnes, Sancta Agatha.

Second window.

Sanctus Vincentius Sanctus Christofer.

Sancta Cuthburga, Sancta Margareta, Sancta Fridswyd.

On the right side of the Chappel door that leads into the Cloysters
Qu. France & England, on the left the Colledge armes.

On the Cloysters doore this Coate viz : — A fess between three p. 86
Cressants.

On the stones at each side the said doore,

Per pale i. on a bend gules three birds.
2. on a bend three chevrons,

Canterbury.

In the Hall Windows.

In the great North window,

Canterbury & Chichley, Canterbury, Chichley.

In the other six windows Canterbury & Chichley in each window
once.

On the Screen Canterbury &. Chichley.

»

In the Library.

On the Arched wall at the topp,

France & England four times,

Vniversity armes twice,

Canterbury & Chichly twice.

The armes of all the Colledges in Oxon twice over as far as St.
John's Colledge.

Against the library walls these.

At the upper end the Founder's picture, over it quarterly France &
England supported by an antilope and a leopard [cf. Gutch's Wood,
p. 282] with Canterbury & Chichley at one side and the Vniversity
armes on the other.

Over the deskes against the walls these armes,

Over the uppermost deskes Canterbury & Chichley, P- ^7

Over the other deskes Chichley alone four times.

Over the doore at the lower end Canterbury & Chichley supported
by two Swarms each gorged with a crowne or & chained of the same.



134 COLLECTANEA. IV

At the right hand of them, per pale i. Canterbury.

2. Argent, a cross flure sable
charged with plates in each part of it one and one in its center [For
Whitgift, cf. Gutch's Wood, p. 282].

On the left hand of them, Hoveden vid. p. i ? [cf. Gutch's Wood,
p. 282].

In the Windows of the Library these names following under
severall pictures.

In the East windows begining at the lower end of the Library, in
every window two pictures,

Sanctus Dunstanus, Sanctus Augustinus Anglorum.

Sanctus Anselmus, Sanctus ....

Sanctus Edmundus, lohannes Stretford.

Sanctus Alphegus.

Henricus Chichley fundator

Sanctus Odo Archiepiscopus Cant.

Sanctus Augustinus, Sanctus leronomus.

Sanctus Ambrosius, Sanctus Gregorius.

In the West windows beginning at the upper end of the Library
these : —

Sanctus Ethelbertus, Sanctus Edwardus Confessor.

Edwardus Martir, lohannes Rex Hispanic, Dux Lancastrie.

Henricus quartus, Henricus quihtus.

Henricus VI fundator

Sanctus Edwardus Martir, Rex Edgarus.

Rex Aluredus, Rex Athelstanus.

Sanctus Edmundus rex, Sanctus Oswa[I]dus.

Rex Constantinus, Rex Arthurus.



III.

THREE CONSECRATIONS OF
COLLEGE CHAPELS



CONSECRATION OF LINCOLN COLLEGE

CHAPEL.

The ceremonies described in this document belong to the dedica-
tion of the existing Chapel. A comparison of Loggan's 1674 view
with the fabric as it now stands shows that no feature of the building,
or of its surroundings, has been changed since its erection.

This was the second chapel of the College. Of the actual conse-
cration of the first chapel no record has yet come to light, but we
have a deed which describes it as actually built, and a Licentia cele-
brandi for it. It was due to the munificence of John Forest, Dean of
Wells, in whose agreement (Vetus Registrum Coll. Line. fol. 3b ;
Exemplificatio cartarum Collegii nostri, fol. 48) with the College for
commemorative services, dated June 6, 1437, it is stated that 'Colle-
gium in integrum aedificavit, capellam cum libraria,' &c. John
Stafford, Archbishop of Canterbury, granted, February 19, 1450-1,
'rectori, sociis, et commensalibus Collegii Beate Marie et Omnium
Sanctorum Lincoln in villa Oxon in ordine sacerdotali consiitutis'
licence (Exempl. cart. fol. 81) collectively, and individually, or by
competent chaplain, to celebrate 'in capella . . . infra dictum Col-
legium situata,' or 'in presentia . . . infirmorum ibidem,' provided
nothing was done to the prejudice of the mother-church (All Saints,
Oxford). The position and aspect of this first chapel are clearly seen
in Loggan's view, where it is marked Bibliotheca, from the use to
which it had been converted.

The College was augmented in 1609 by twelve chambers in a new
building, which formed the western wing of a second quadrangle.
This addition brought the question of accommodation in chapel to an
acute point. In 161 2 the census of the University gave Lincoln
College 109 members, for whose devotions the ancient ' upper room'
must have been altogether insuflScicnt. It was natural for the Bishop
of Lincoln (John Williams, Bishop of Lincoln since 162 1) to provide
a new chapel in a College where he was ex officio Visitor and held
the patronage of a fellowship. We must also attribute some influence
to the desire of a ' moderate ' churchman of Williams's aims to secure



CONSECRATION OF LINCOLN COLLEGE CHAPEL 137

popularity in the University, in view of the activity of the opposite
party. His opponents, however, triumphed in the election of Laud
to the Chancellorship of the University in the interval between the
beginning of the chapel and its consecration.

The gift of the new chapel was handed down to posterity by the
insertion of the following Collect in the services in Commemoration of
Benefactors : —

' We further praise thee, O Lord, for Thy blessing vouchsafed to
us in the munificence of the Right Reverend John Williams, Bishop of
Lincoln, who built us this beautiful House, consecrated to Thy ser-
vice ; beseeching Thee to give us grace to make good use of the same
in the performance of better service unto Thee in this place, to the
honour of Thy Name, through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
Amen.'

The document itself, on examination, appears possessed of much
human interest, as well as of some liturgical and historical interest.

In its short compass it gives admirable examples of the deficiencies
of copyist, narrator, and divine in the seventeenth century.

The copy is very carelessly executed. The dedicatory service
begins with the recitation, in front of the chapel door, in alternate
verses by Bishop and Chaplains, of Ps. xxiv, according to the Prayer-
Book Version ; but the copyist has dropped the eighth and ninth verses.
When the Bishop had turned the key and thrown wide open the
chapel door, Ps. cxxii was recited, no doubt by alternate verses ; but
the copyist neglects to mark the manner of the recitation. The faulty
Latinity of the rubric which begins p. 281 of the MS. is due to the
same carelessness; and so, probably, the reading on p. .277 of the
MS., ' our ways upon earth are as a shaddow,' for ' days.'

The narrator is frequently at fault. He had the apparently simple
task of recording, step by step, the ceremony which actually took
place, following an official form of service which was slightly modified
to meet the special features of the case. A straightforward narrative
is, however, a rarity in seventeenth-century writers. In the very first
rubric there is a blunder. In most cases of church-building at this
period the work was due to the liberality of an individual benefactor,
who would of course be present at the dedication of his gift. The
service in the Bishop's Pontifical was therefore drawn up on the
supposition that the fundator would be personally present. The
peculiarity of the present case was that the Founder, Bishop Williams,
was absent, possibly in yet undigested mortification at his recent
failure to exclude Laud from the Chancellorship of the University.

K3



138 COLLECTANEA. IV

This is recognized in the Bishop's first address, where he directs the
Lincolnians to pray for the Founder, while he himself dedicates the
Founder's work. The narrator, however, cannot shake off the tram-
mels of the official copy. He makes the fundaior personally present,
p. 275; and again, p. 277; and again in the prayer in the Com-
munion service, p. 286. On p. 277, we come to the service in the
ante-chapel by the Bishop, with his Chaplains, the rest kneeling out-
side and beholding through the open door. When, p. 281, the Bishop
went into the chapel proper, those outside must have come into the
ante-chapel and been spectators of the dedication of the body of the
chapel, through the door in the screen. So far as the narrative is
concerned, they are, however, left kneeling outside in the quadrangle
till the consecration service is over and the reading of INIattins is
about to begin (p. 283). After this, the narrator breaks down alto-
gether, and gives only the formal copy of the service for dedication of
a church. The one Lincoln reference is the initial ' Master W.' as the
name of the preacher. The reference to 'the Earl,' p. 287, shows
that this copy of the service had done duty elsewhere. Even in this
transcript of the form of service there are extraordinary mistakes. In
p. 287, express order is made that neither Chaplain is to go within the
altar-rail till the Communion service, but in the very same rubric one
Chaplain, at the beginning of Mattins, is said to be 'at the Communion
table,' and later, when the Litany is to be said (p. 288), the other
Chaplain goes ' to the Communion Table ' to say it. The confusion
seems to arise from part of Mattins and part of the Litany being
said at a fald-stool in front of the altar-steps. Then also, in the rubric
about the Lessons and Canticles, the Te Deum and Secunda Lectio
are omitted (p. 287).

Turning from these errors of the copyist and the narrator, we find
a like want of accuracy in the divine who conducts the service. There
is a ready flow of Scripture quotation and reference, but not always
exact or apposite. The chapters recited from the Old Testament have
been roughly adapted to the purpose in hand. Prayer ' toward the
temple ' is altered to ' in this place.' The God ' of Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob ' is modernized to ' of our fathers.' One reference to the Captivity
and Return is excised, but another (p. 284) is left, incongruously.
David's prayer at the collection of material for the Temple is expressly
made a dedication prayer at its completion (p. 277), but the words are
retained which speak of mere preparation. Jacob's setting up (Gen.
xxviii. 18) of his stone pillow, 'for a pillar,' is described (p. 278) as
erecting ' an hous to thee,' with the addition to the canonical narrative



CONSECRATION OF LINCOLN COLLEGE CHAPEL 139

* which act of his Thou didst highly allow of.' The act of the Centurion
(St. Luke vii. 5) in building a synagogue at Capernaum is made to play
many parts (p. 278). Backwards, it gives divine approval to all the
synagogues in Israel (and these are, oddly enough, made ' for the tribes
to ascend up to worship thee,' a singular perversion of the Jerusalem
pilgrimage). It is approved and commended of God Himself in
the Gospel, not merely mentioned by Christ's interlocutors. And,
strangest of all, it is allowed of by Christ's presence at the Feast of
Dedication (St. John x. 22), commemorative of the purification of the
Temple after the Syrian desecration. Similarly, in citing i Cor. xi.
20-22, not only is Paul's phrase extended (p. 278) to the 'Apostles,'
but it is made to apply to a church in the modern sense as a building.
A strange deification of a figure of speech (in Prov. viii. 31) produces
(p. 277) a contradiction in terms: ' Thy will is not to dwell in the
earth below, but thy delight hath been ever with the sons of men.'

Of the persons mentioned, the Lincoln trio require slight notice.
The Rector is Paul Hood, Rector since 1620-1. William Ramsden



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