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had held a Yorkshire fellowship since May, 1626, and was Bursar this
year. The preacher was John Webberley, a Lincolnshire man, M.A.
April 1630, but not elected fellow till April 1632. He was a prot^g^
of Bishop Williams. More interesting and distinct is the personality
of the officiating prelate (Richard Corbet, Bishop of Oxford since
1628). Corbet figures in John Aubrey's memories as possessed of
a sharp tongue, under no control of decorum. This character is
amply attested even by this dedication service. His first speech opens
with a stilted conceit, in praise of himself as a speaker and a prelate.
At the end of p. 281 he mimics the phraseology of the extremists ; the
altar is 'a dresser,' the ceremonies of the communion service are
'apish cringing,' the storied windows 'a little brittle superfluity.'
There is an implied censure on most of the preachers in the Univer-
sity : * the right spirit comes up . . . very seldom here of late.'

As a liturgical piece, a contribution to an English Pontifical, the
document will probably receive the attention of specialists. Those
portions of it which we may suppose copied from some older use
are not wanting in dignity. The place w'here Corbet's personality
comes in, the tirade in the pulpit, is a sufficient example of how
the bitterness of party strife thrust itself into what ought to have
been most dignified and altogether reverent. The passages quoted
from Scripture follow, on the whole, the Authorized Version. The
principal variants are the substitution of ' grasshoppers ' for ' locusts,'
and the inversion of 2 Chron. vi. 30, 29 (i Kings viii. 39, 38) on


p. 284. The reading 'seeled houses' (p. 278), for the 'cieled
houses ' of Haggai i. 4, is probably a copyist's eccentric spelling.

The particular allusions to the chapel are of much interest to
members of Lincoln College, and perhaps not without interest to
others. The floors of both the ante-chapel and the chapel proper
were consecrated (p. 281), with a view to their being used as burial-
places for members of the College. This happily was never done,
Lincoln College continuing to bury in the chancels of its two
Oxford churches, All Saints and St. Michael's. There appears to
have been a font, probably a movable one, standing in the ante-
chapel. All memory of this has perished. The place where * wed-
dings take place' was plainly the door through the screen, corre-
sponding to the chancel-step of an ordinary parish church. The
parish of Combe Longa, near Woodstock, was at this time served
by a chaplain from College, and it was long the fashion for Combe
parishioners to have their marriages celebrated in Lincoln College
Chapel but recorded in the register of their parish church. There
was clearly no lectern, the lessons being read from the same pew
as the prayers. The pulpit, a movable structure now standing in'
the ante-chapel, in 1631 stood in the middle of the chapel, where
the lectern now is. One touch is very characteristic. At this in-
terval of nigh three hundred years the aroma of the cedar-wood
panelling is still perceptible ; we can understand that at the dedication
it was so much in evidence as to supply Bishop Corbet with an
impromptu comparison (p. 281), which he had not thought of before
entering the chapel. When we read of a modern consecration
service for one stained window, we can admire the wave of the
seventeenth-century prelate's hand which dismissed the nine glorious
windows as sufficiently taken account of in the phrase ' the seemly

Andrew Clark.

[The MS. from which the following account is taken occupies
PP- 275-89 of a folio volume, lettered ' Miscell : Divin: M: S.' in
the possession of F. Madan, M.A.^ and appears to have been written
about A.D. 1690. No other copy of this account seems at present
to be known.]


Capell^ Collegii LINCOLNIENSIS

September if, 1611.

DOminus Episcopus Oxom'ensis ad poriam Capellae stans indutus
Episcopalibus Fundatori Capellae affari orditur in haec verba, p. 275

Episcopus, Master Rector, and you, ye Fellowes of Lincolne Col-
lege, you haue been earnest suters unto me that I would come hither
to you. Now that we are come what haue you to say unto us ?

Turn Magister Ramsden, dicti Collegii Socius, sermone Latino
eleganter ah Episcopo expetiuit, ut Collegii Capellam nouiter
extrudam Diuino Nomini dicandam et consecrandam dignaretur.

Huic sic respondit Episcopus : —

Episcopus. Viri, fratres Lincolnienses.

Vota vestra hodie et studia, votis vicissim meis et precibus, non
verbis vocibusque, absoluenda sunt. Didici benedicere, non indoctus
etiam perorare, illud Episcopi, hoc Oratoris munus est. Dicendi
argumentum video amplissimum; dicendi modum arctissimum, et iam-
iam preceptum mihi, video. Vos itaque, uti par est, fundatorem
vestrum (nam et ille Theologiae templum est), gratiis vestris precibus-
que Deo consecrate, dum ego interim fundamentum et templum hoc
manufactum consecrauerim. Ita duo templa Deo hodie dicabimus,
benefactoris unum, alterum benefacti.

Episcopus postea subiungit Anglice : —

Master Rector, and you, ye Fellowes, there is a great obstacle in
this busines which must be remoued before we can proceed. This
Chappell and the whole College is exempt from my jurisdiction, and
is reserued to my Lord Bishop of Lincolne, as the Ordinary and


Visitor thereof, and without a Commission of Authority I cannot legally
perform any pastorall office in this place.

Turn dictus Rector porrigit schedulam in pergamena scriptam,
signatam et munitam manu et sigillo Reuerendi Patris Epis-
copi Lincolniensis, qua Reuerendo Patri Episcopo Oxoniensi
humanissime delegata est auctoritas dictae Capellae consecrandae,
eamque suo nomine reciiari cupit ; quae (ad nutum Domini
Episcopi Oxoniensis) statim publice perlecta est per Hugonem
Barker, in Legibus Doctorem, Domini Episcopi Cancellarium.

Episcopus. Master Rector, and you, ye Fellowes, is it your whole
minde, and desire, that I should execute this Commission directed unto
me from my Lord of Lincoln ?
p. 276 Rector. It is our earnest desire.

Episcopus. Master Rector, and you, ye Fellowes, are you the just
and lawfull owners of this Chappell, and of the ground whereupon it
stands ?

Rector. We are.

Episcopus. Are you in quiet possession thereof, and is there noe
suite in law about, no title, or claim layd to it by any manner ?

Rector. None, in our Conscience.

Episcopus. Are you willing to resign up all your right therein unto
me that I may convey and consecrate it to God ?

Rector. We are most willing and humble suiters for it, and by
deliuery of this key we here give you possession of it.

Hie Rector, reliquorum nomine, tradit in manus Episcopi Capellae
clauem, quam Episcopus sibi assumens, et prae foribus occlusis et
obseratis subsistens, orditur, In nomine Domini, Amen, recitatque
Psalmum 24, Capellanis suis alternatim responde7itibus,ad finem,

viz : —

Episcopus. The earth is the Lord's and all that therein is: the
compas of the world, and they that dwell therein.

Capellani. For he hath founded it upon the seas : and prepared it
upon the floods.

Episcopus. Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord : or who
shall rise up in his holy place ?

Capellani. Even he that hath clean hands, and a pure heart : and
that hath not lift up his minde unto vanity, and sworn to dcceiue his


Episcopus. He shall receive the blessing from the Lord: and
righteousnes from the God of his saluation.

Capellani. This is the generation of them that seek him : even of
them that seek thy face, O Jacob.

Episcopus. Lift up your heads, O yee gates, and be yee lift up,
yee euerlasting dores, and the King of glory shall come in.

Capellani. Who is the King of glory : it is the Lord of hosts, He
is the King of glory.

Episcopus. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy

Capellani. As it was in the begining, is now, and ever shall be :
world without end. Amen.

Turn Dominus Episcopus manu propria reserat et recludit fores laie,
aijtque Psalmum 122.

I was glad when they sayd unto me. We will goe into the hous
of the Lord,

Our feet shall stand in thy gates, O Jerusalem.

Subsistit itaque prae forihus uriiuersa muliitudo, intrante Episcopo p. 277
cum fundatore et sacellanis : genua humi statim fleciunt, ubi
speciari commode audirique possii a plebe, aique Episcopus infit.

LEt us dedicate and offer up unto God this place, with the same
-y prayer that King Dauid did dedicate and offer up his.
'Blessed be thou, O Lord our God, and the God of our fathers, for [i Chr.
euer and euer. Thine, O Lord, is greatnes, and power, and glory, xxix. 9-
and victory, and prais, and maiestie: for all that is in heauen, and in ^^'J
earth is thine ; thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou excellest as
Lord ouer all. Both riches and honour come of Thee, and Thou
reignest over all; and in thy hand is power and might; and in thy
hand it is to make great, and to giue strength unto all. Now there-
fore, O Lord, we thank thee, and prays thy glorious name. But who
are we, or what is any of us or of all thy people, that we should be
able to offer to thee soe willingly after this sort ? for all things come of
thee, and of thy own haue we giuen thee. For we are strangers
before thee, and sojourners, as were all our fathers : our ways upon
earth are as a shaddow, and there is no abiding. O Lord, our God, all
this store that we haue prepared to build thee an hous for thy holy
name is of thyne own hand, and all is thine. We know also, O Lord,
that thou tryest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightnes. We haue


offered willingly in the uprightnes of our hearts all these things : and
now we have seen with joy thy people which are present here, to
offer willingly unto thee. O Lord, our God, and the God of our
fathers, keep this for ever in the purpose and thoughts of the heart of
thy people, and prepare their hearts unto thee.'

Most Glorious God, the heauen is thy throne, and the earth is thy foot-
stool, what hous then can be built for thee, or what place is there that
thou couldest rest in ? Howbeit we are taught by thy holy word that thy
will is not to dwell in the earth below, but that thy delight hath been ever
with the sons of men, so that in any place whatsoeuer, where two or three
are gathered together in thy name, thou art in the midst of them. But
especially in such places as are set apart, and sanctifyed to thy name,
to the memory of it, there thou hast and thou wilt voutsafe thy gratious
presence after a most special manner, and come to us, and bless us.
Wherefore in all ages of the world thy seruants haue separated certaine
places from all prophane and common uses, and hallowed unto thy
diuine worship, either by inspiration of thy blessed spirit, or by express
commandment of thy own mouth. By inspiration of thy holy spirit,
p. 278 so didst thou put into the heart of the holy Patriarch Jacob to erect the
stone in Bethel, to be an hous to thee, which act of his thou didst
highly allow of. By express commandment from thy own mouth, so
did Moses make thee the Tabernacle of the congregation in the
desert, which thou didst honour by couering it with a cloud and filling
it with thy glory. And after, when it came into the heart of thy
seruant Dauid to think that it was noe ways fitting that himself should
dwell in a hous of cedar, and the ark of God but remaine in a taber-
nacle, thou didst testify with thy own mouth that in that Dauid was
soe minded to build an hous for thy name, it was well done of him to
be soe minded, tho' he built it not. The material furniture for which
hous tho' his father plentiously prepared, Salomon built and brought
to perfection. To which hous thou wert pleased uisebly to send fire
from heauen to consume the sacrifice, and to fill it with the glory of
thy presence before all the people. And after, when for the sins of
thy people that temple was destroyed, thou didst by thy holy prophets,
Aggai and Zacharie, (by shewing how inconuenient it was that they
should dwell in seeled houses and let Thy hous ly wast), stir up the
spirit of Zorobabel to build thee the second temple anew : which
second hous likewise, by the fulnes of the glory of thy presence, thou
didst shew thy selfe to like and allow of. Neither wert thou only well
pleased with such as did build thee these temples, but even with such
of the people afterwards as being moued with zeal added unto the


temple, their mother church, lesser places of prayer by the name of
synagogues, in euery town through the land ; for the tribes to ascend
up to worship thee, to learn thy blessed will, and to doe it. Which
very act of the centurion in building thy people a synagogue, thou
didst well approue and commend in the Gospel ; and by the bodily
presence of thy blessed Son, our Saviour, at the feast of dedication,
testifyed by St, John, didst really well allow of; and doe honour to
such deuout religious seruices, as we are now about to perform. Which
also by thy holy word hast taught us that thine Apostles themselves
and the Christians of their time, as they had houses to eat and drinke
in, soe had they also where the whole congregation of the faithfuU
came together in one place, which they expresly cald God's church,
and would not have it despised or abused, nor eaten nor drunk in, but
had in great reuerence, the very place of their holy assemblies. By p. 279
whose godly example the Christians in all ages successiuely have
erected and consecrated sundry godly houses unto thee, for the cele-
bration of diuine service and worship, (monuments of their piety and
deuotion), as our eyes see this day. We then, as fellow citizens with
the Saints, and of the houshold of God, being built upon the founda-
tion of the Apostles, and Prophets, Jesus Christ himselfe being the
head corner stone, walking in the steps of their most holy faith, and
ensuing the examples of these thy Patriarchs, Prophets, and Apostles,
haue together with them done the same work ; I say in building and
dedicating this hous, as an habitation for thee, and place for us to
assemble, and meet together in, for the obseruation of thy diuine
worship, inuocation of thy great name, reading, preaching, and hearing
of thy most heauenly word, administring of thy most holy sacraments,
and aboue all in this holy place, the gate of heauen upon earth, as
Jacob named it, to doe the work of heauen, to set forth thy most
worthy praise, to laud and magnify thy most glorious maiestie, for all
thy goodnes to all men, and especially to us that are of the hous-
hold of faith. Accept then, we beseech thee, (most gratious Father),
of this our bounden duty and seruice, accept this for thine hous ; and
becaus holines becometh thy hous for euer, sanctify this hous with thy
most gratious presence, which is erected to the honour of thy glorious
name. Now therefore arise, O Lord, and come into this place of thy
rest. Let thine eyes be open towards this hous night and day, let thy
eares be ready towards the prayers of thy children, which they shall
make to thee in this place, and let thy heart delight to dwell in this
place perpetually. And whensoeuer thy servants shall make their
petitions unto thee in this hous either to bestow thy graces and bless-


ings upon them, or to remoue thy judgments and punishments from
them, hear them from heaven, thy dwelling place, the throne of the
glory of thy kingdome, and, when thou hearest, have mercy. And
grant, O Lord, we beseech thee, that here and elswhere thy priests
may be clothed with righteousnes, and that all thy Saints may rejoyce
in thy Saluation. And wheras both in the Old and New Testament,
thou hast consecrated the measuring out of building of a material
p. 280 church to such an excellent mistery, that in it is signifyed and presented
the fruition of the joy of thy heavenly kingdom, we beseech thee that
in this material temple made with hands, we may soe serue and pleas
thee in all holy exercises of godlines and Christian religion, that in the
end we may come to that thy temple on high, even to the holy places
made without hands. Soe that when we shall cease to pray to thee
here on earth, we may with all those that haue in the same manner
erected like places to thy name, and with all thy Saints, eternally prais
thee in the highest heauens, for all thy goodnes, vouchsafed us for
a time here upon earth, and layd up for us there in thy kingdom for
euer and euer, and that for thy dear Son's sake, our blessed Sauiour,
Jesus Christ, to whom etc.

Blessed Father who hast promised in thy holy law that in euery place
where the remembrance of thy name shall by us be put, thou wilt
come to us and bless us, according to that thy promise come unto us
and bless us, who put now upon this place the memorial of thy name
by dedicating it wholy and only to thy service and worship.

Blessed Sauiour who in the Gospel with thy bodily presence didst
honour and adorn the feast of the dedication of the temple, at this
dedication of this temple unto thee, be present also, and accept, good
Lord, and prosper the work of our hands.

Blessed Spirit without whom nothing is holy, noe place nor person
can be sanctifyed aright, send down upon this place thy sanctifying
power and grace, hallow it, and make it unto thee an holy habitation
for euer.

Blessed and glorious Trinity, by whose power, wisdom and loue all
things are purged, lightned, and made perfect, enable us with thy
power, enlighten us with thy truth, perfect us with thy grace, that, both
here and elswhere, we acknowledging the glory of the eternal Trinity,
and in the power of thy diuine maiestie worshiping the unity, we may
attain to the fruition of the glorious Godhead, Trinity in Vnity, and
Vnity in Trinity, to be adored for euer.

God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Ghost, accept, sanctify,
and bless this place, to the end whereunto, according to his own ordi-


nance we have ordained it, to be a sanctuary for the most High, and
a church for the liuing God. The Lord with his favour euer mercifully
behold it, and soe send down upon it his spiritual benediction and
grace, that it may be the hous of God to him, and to us the gate of

Haec precaius, circuitur pro-Capella, tandem in medio genujlectUur, p- 281
et Episcopus, humi manu imposita, ait: —

Ad pauiamenium pro-C apellate.

KEgard, O Lord, the supplications of thy seruants, and grant to
,. such bodies, as shall be here interred, that they with us and
we with them may haue our perfect consummation and bli$s, both in
body and soul, in thy euerlasting kingdom.
Ad Bapiisterium.

GRant that the children that shall be baptized in this lauer of the
new birth, may be sanctifyed, and washed with the Holy Ghost,
deliuered from the wrath, received into the ark of Christ's church,
receive therein the fulnes of his grace, and euer remaine in the number
of the faithfull and elect children.

Ad locum nuptiarium.

GRant that such persons as shall be here joyned in the holy state
of Matrimony by the couenant of God may line together in
holy loue unto their Hues end.

Intratur Capella interior ; factoque simili circuitu, genujlexione, et
manus impositione, iisdem verbis supplicat Episcopus, consecraique paui-
mentum interius uniuersum.

Grant to such bodies as shall be here enterred, that they with us
and we with them may haue our perfect consummation and bliss both
in body and soul in thy euerlasting kingdom.

Aditur locus precationurrfr,

GRant that by thy holy word which from this place shall be read,
the hearers may both perceive and know what things they
ought to doe, and also may haue grace and power to fulfill the same.

Ascenditur suggesium.

THis place above all the rest hath most need of consecration, the
Pulpit. If this be not sanctifyed to the preacher, and the
preacher to this, all the whole chappel is the wors for it ; if this place
be not sanctifyed and made holy to the preacher, the purest things here
shall be made unclean. This Cedar shall not keep the sauour now it
hath, but shall smell of superstition. The Altar shall be called no more


an Altar but a dresser. The reuerence (that) is done there shall be
apish cringing, and all the seemly glazing be thought nothing but a little
p. 282 brittle superfluity. Notwithstanding all the munificence and bounty
here layd up, notwithstanding all the zeal and deuotion of the
founder, notwithstanding the perfection and beauty of thework, yet if the
pulpit be not right, all this shall be made counterfeit. All this beauty,
all the worship, shall go for abomination, if the sorcerers will haue it so
(for such preaching is but witchcraft). It is like preaching, I confes,
as the sorcerers were like Moses. They did tricks before Pharoeh, and
they took the standers by, but the power of God was not in them, and
they did but things like miracles. So here they call up spirits, and in
this circle they conjur, but the right spirit comes not up, or very
seldom here of late. So that as our Sauiour sayd of the heart of man,
"out of the heart comes euil counsels, theft, murder, couetousnes,
adultery," the same may be said of the pulpit, out of this heart, this
forg, this workhous, fals rumours, murmurings, faction, sedition,
instead of peace, loue, meeknes, are present. There was a good
Bishop said once, almost 1 200 years ago, that if a Christian were not
good, he was wors than any heathen ; his place, his calling, did
condemn him deeper : and I will apply it to this place. If this place
be not holy, ther's no place so prophane, not the shop of the trades-
men, nor the lawyers' bar, where in the one I buy a ly and carry it
home, and in the other giue a fee to be undone ; nor half so bad as
this, if I sell my lyes here ; nor the half so unrighteous, if here I do not

Haec praefatus, ait: —

Rant that thy holy word, which from this place shall be preached,
may be the sauour of life unto life, and as good seed take root
and fructify in the heart of all such as shall hear it.


Adstatur ad latus boreale sacrae mensae ad mensam.

GRant that all they, that shall at any time pertake at this table the
highest blessing of all, thy holy Communion, may be fulfilled
with thy grace and heauenly benediction, and may to their great and
endles comfort obtaine the remission of their sins, and all other
benefits of thy passion.

Ad patinam.

OLord, the bread of life to all belieuers, grant that the bread once
consecrated and born about to the receiuers in this dish, may
be to all that eat thereof the bread of eternal life, thro Jesus Christ
our Lord.


Ad calicem. p. 283

GRant, Lord, that the wine powred out into this cup may be as
the blood of Christ powred out of His side. Let a vessel of
honour euer tast thee, O thou cup of Saluation.

Tumflexis genibus ante sacram mensam pergt't porro Dominus


GRant that this place that is here dedicated unto thee by our office
and ministry, may also be allowed by the sanctifying and power
of thy holy spirit, and so for ever continue thro thy mercy, O Blessed
Lord, who dost Hue and gouern all things, world without end.

Grant that as this Chappel is wholy seperated from all former, •
common, and prophane uses, and dedicated to these that be sacred
only, so may they be all, that enter into it.

Grant that all wandring thoughts, all carnal and worldly imagina-
tions, may be far from them, and godly and spiritual meditations
may come in their place, and may dayly be renewed and grow in

Grant that those thy seruants that shall come into this holy temple,
may themselves be temples of the Holy Ghost, eschewing all things
contrary to their profession, and following all such things as shall be
agreable to the same.

When they pray, that their prayers may ascend up into heaven into
thy presence as the incense, and the lifting up of their hands be as
the euening sacrifice ; purify their hearts, and grant them their hearts'
desire ; sanctify their wills, and fulfill all their mindes, that what they
faithfully ask, they may effectually obtaine the same ; when they offer,
that their oblations and almes may come up as a memorial before
thee, and they find and feel that with such sacrifices thou art well

When they sing, that their souls may be satisfied as it were with
marrow and fatnes, when their mouth prayseth thee with joyful lips.

Online LibraryLouis HouckCollectanea, fourth series ; → online text (page 14 of 34)