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The musick do now since y® death of Bishop Fell come into Christ-
Church & play in long winternights & twelfe day they are to play at
dinner to y® Schollars in y® Hall where each Scholler of concern do
give ys musick halfe a crown apiece & after dinner they Retreat to y®
Common Fyre Rootn where they play to ye Masters of Art till they
depart.

[An engraved portrait, by Loggan, 0/ Richard Allestrey, Reg. Prof,
of Divinity and Canon of Christ Church, is here omitted.

So, too, is a list of the Founders atid Deans of Christ Church,
compiled from an account given by ' my loving friend M^ Tankard,
a Schollar in Ch: Ch: '

Then follows a long account of Sunningwell, which is here omitted 1 3
until the section beginning ' But its time^ ^r.]

But its time for mee now to leave these waters, and throw my sight 1 4
again on our hills, from whence you behold and look down upon y^
noblest university in Europe, the far famed Citty Oxford, beeing
sweetly hugg'd in ye pleasant Arms of those 2 pure Rivers — the Tems
& Charwell whose timely floods inrich y^ meadows with excellent
herbage.

As to Oxford how it gott that name some say by a Queen in Elder
days beeing pursued by her Enemies, to save her selfe was forced to
ride over a fford by fryer Bacons studdy on an oxe's back, as shee
rode to hasten the ox shee cryed Ox on, by which meanes makeing her
Escape in memory of this deliverance the place gott y© name of Oxon,
& Oxford. This story the Oxford Almanack for 79 seems to confirme ;
for there wee finde a queen crowned w^li a castle rideing on an Oxe's
back in ye river by the Citty. The cittizens doe also giue that Beast



i8o COLLECTANEA. IV

for their Arms, and perhapps it might gett a name when men began
to build there from y® fine gravelly fords, and pastures by them fitt to
fatt & plump up those Beasts for the Shambolls ; but however itt came
by itts name, it is now att this present writing 1683 arrived to great
splendor, all the Colleges are now almost finished, & other such
beautyes are dayly added, an account of which you may have in theyr
proper places. As to Oxford, & its Suburbe S*> Clement it may-
contain in circuit about 4 Miles. It is built (but y® houses except
those have been mended of late indifferent) upon ground gently rising
from y® rivers, and from y® landward to a place called Carfaix, where
4 eminent streets of this Citty meet, where is Erected a very fair
Conduit of free-stone. The water which serves itt is brought thither
in Leaden pipes from a spring that ariseth in our hills above Ivy
Hincsy, & this is y® only Conduitt they haue in Town, but for good
Wells, whose waters issue from grauelly Ground, Every one who \\A\\
bee att the Charge to digg them, may haue them, but to return some
1 5 part of the water of this Aquaduct, when they please is converted to
fill the Cistern in Christ Church quadrangell, but as to Carfix, had
there been a fair circling markett place about this Aquaduct, it would
haue added to Oxford. This & a sumptuous Cathedrall of which
a foundation was layd by Cardinal Woolsey, beeing her greatest
absent beautyes. Oxford consists of 14 parishes, 18 Colleges & 7
Halls. The names of the parish Churches are S* Marys, Carfaix, or
St Martins, All-Hallows, S* Aldate, or St Tol's, S* Ebbs, St Thomas,
St Peters in ye East & S* Peters in y® Bayly, S* Michaels, S* Mag-
dalens, St Giles, Holly-well, or Holy Cross Church, St Johns which
is Merton College Church or Chappell, & S* Clement in ye Subburbs.
To these must bee added St ffrydesweeds Church in Christ Church,
which was formerly a parish Church, but now the Cathedrall for y®
Diocess in all fifteen Churches besides Colledge Chappells.

The Colledges are thus named, Christ Church, Magdalen, Merton,
New Colledge, S* Johns, All-Souls, Wadham, Trinity, Baylioll, Exeter,
Lincoln, Jesus Colledge, Brazen-Nose, Queens Colledge, Oryell,
Corpus-Christy, University Colledge & Pen-brooke Colledge.

Halls, Glocester Hall, New In Hall, Merlynn Hall, St Maryes
Hall, St Edmonds Hall, Allband Hall, and Hart Hall. Every Colledge
hath a Chappell or Church belonging to itt, but for y® Halls, only
3 have Chappells, viz. Glocester, St Mary & St Edmunds hall.

Ch: Ch: The greatest Colledge of any in Oxford had its originall
from the Crown, and miter, a king & Bishopp beeing y® founders, and
Godfathers of itt, ffor Cardinall Woolsey began building of itt in the



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD i8i

year 1525 in the place where S*^: ffridswid's Monastery stood, but hee
dying, & King Henry ye Eight finishing it (or in his Days yo Buildings
were brought to good perfection) it was some time called Kings
Colledge ; But because the Cardinall had endow'd it w^li much riches,
the king would neither haue it called by his, nor ye Cardinalls name,
but gaue it the name of Ch: Ch: and to increase ye honour of itt,
made it a Bishopps Seat in y® same year 1546. Hee also joyn'd to
it Canterbury Colledge, built by Simon Islip Arch-Bishop of Canter-
bury in 1363, and Peck-water Hall which beeing now Quadrangles
still retain ye same names.

It has of latter years been much beautified by Bryan Duppa &
Samuell ffell, Deans, who also built the fine porch & Stayr-Case to the
hall anno 1630. Neuertheless the Roof of the northern & part of
the Western Squares were not couer'd till after y® Restauration of the
King, but lay expos'd to ye injury of all kinds of weather. But at
this present writing 1683, it is now compleatly finisht, & a noble
Tower for great Tom erected over the Gate, ye 2^ for exquisite work-
manshipp att this day in England, only that of Bow Church in London
may bee said to exceed it : A Square in the Quadrangle is also sunk
lower to make the Buildings by the walks shew the loftyer, & in the
middle of this Square D^: Gardner a Cannon lately of this house has
erected a beautifull aquaduct in form of a Globe in ye midst of a large
cistern of stone lined with Lead to keep the water from soaking out.
Dr Gardner was also at ye charge of sinking ye square which now
contributes very much to ye pleasure and drieih up the walks. Their
Library for Studdy & their common fire-room to refresh themselves
after Meals are both places of good concern. Here is also erected
a fair pyle of building nere Ch: Ch: mead in which there are fine
walks, w*^ Elms for shaddow now pretty well grown ^ . . . Little more
can bee said as to ye buildings of this ample & royal foundation,
because the Church (though well enough beautifyed within with a good
Organ in it) is grown old & of small remark, saue y* itt had in the
Windowes since I remember rare painted Glass of scripture hystoryes
painted by Van Zins a Dutch Man, who also painted ye glass-
Windowes of my ffathers chappell of Bayworth, but that was cut in
peices, and this of Ch: Ch: taken down not long after ye surrender of
Oxford. But the hall of this Colledge for bigness stoops to none in
England, saue y* at Westmister [sic]. The kitchen is also a large & well-
built Roome, where it may be worth a strangers sight to stepp down

1 So in the MS.
IV. N



i82 COLLECTANEA. IV

and see that great Grid-Iron drawn on Wheels from place to place as
occasion serues.

This Colledge contains within its compass 5 Quadrangles, &
M^ Jones of Sunningwell once a student of this house told mee it
couers as much Ground as y® Citty of Bathe. This is y^ only Colledge
in Town w^^ the Brewers do serue with middle, or small Beer, and
therefore, upon that score, their Cellar is of less concern; But to
recompense that defect, it makes such as are able keep the better
Liquor in their private Roonies ; But they haue on St Andrew their
gaudy Day a cheerfull & free Entertainment to every Scholler of good
victualls, & strong Beer, which liquor is given by such Brewers as
serue y^ Coll: and the Bakers make them a present of their Cakes ;
but persons of Estate, and Quality doe usually on y* day bestow
money on y® under Butlers . . . ^

The present Dean or Governor of this Colledge is John ffell, now
Ld Bishop of Oxford, the first person who euer enjoyed those 2 pre-
ferments together, who hath at Cudson ', in the place where a former
was burnt down, erected a fair house for y® succeeding Bishopps of
Oxford. This Bishop, & Samuell ffell his ffather, who also contributed
towards it, hath lately built a fair alms-house at Worcester for 8 Men
& 2 Women, whose allowance is 2^. 6^, w*^ a Chappell to it. In his
time, 1 68 1, y® famous Tom, now y® greatest Bell in England; for it
weighs 16,700 pounds, was cast, but it miscarryed 3 times, twice
it wanted mettle to make out y® Canons, & a 3<i time it burst y® mould
& ran into y® ground, so yt poor Keen or King the Woodstock Bel-
founder whose ill luck itt was thrice to faile, was halfe besides himselfe,
& quite undone, till y® Coll: made him amends, at last y® 4*^ time it
was cast, and brought to perfection by Christopher Hudson a London
Bel-founder. Y® greatness of y® Bell, & those failures in its casting,
made a poet bestow this song on't —
16 Great Tom to Town is lately come

That long lay in his Mother's Womb

Although hee bee much older grown

It will augment unto his Tone.

Then hang him up, although wee fear him

That wee at night at 9 may heare him
Borne, Bome, Borne.
A Second Song on great Tom in former days & all the bells of
Christ Church w^li then were 6 but now are 10. . . .

» So in the MS. » Cnddesdon.



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 183

O the bonny Christ Church Bells

One, two, three, four, fiue, six,

That ring so mighty sweet

So wonderous great

And trowle so merrily, merrily.

O the first and second Bell

Which every day at four & ten

Cry come, come, come, come, come

Come to prayers

And ys verger troops before y® Deane.

Tingle, tingle, tingle

Says the little bell att 9

To call the beerers home

But the devill a man

Will leave his Can

Till hee hears the mighty Tome.

Here are foundation places in Ch: Ch: for 8 Cannons besides the
Dean. The present Canons are thus named — Dr.- Jane D.D. and
Regius professor of Divinity commonly called Di": of the chair, and
sub-dean of the house, D^: Pocock, D.D. and Regius professor
Linguarum, Dr South, D.D., D^ Woodroof D.D., D"" Smith D.D.,
Dr Hammond, D.D. and Treasurer of ye Coll: D^ Radcliffe, D.D.,
Dr Aldrich D.D. and a great composer in musick, Mr Wyatt a student
of this Coll: is now anno 83 University Orator, who at y® Duke of
Yorkes late reception in Oxford saluted his highness with an Eloquent
Oration.

In Ch: Ch: are 10 1 Students, 8 Chaplains, 8 Singing men, 8
Choristers, besides all orders of Ma^*, Batchelors, and under Graduates
that are not of the foundation.

Here is also over against the Coll: an Aims-House wtli ye Kings
arms over the Dore, belonging to this Coll. which hath 24 Men in it.

Ch: Ch: is capious {_stc\, and large enough to entertain and lodge
300 Schollars, and commonly there are so many there when all in
Town.

Here are in Ch: Ch: 4 places called faculty places which giue liberty
to those that haue them of studdying what they please, when yt. . . . ^

The rest of the Students are obliged at such a standing to take

1 So in the MS.
N 2



i84 COLLECTANEA. IV

Orders, or leave their places. These are not obliged to liue a colledge
life, but may live where they please.

A List of ye names of such Gentlemen Schollars with whome I have
had acquaintance, both before & since the Kings Restauration, dead
and yet alive.

Imp. Samuell ffell the present Bishops ffather, who dyed at Sunning-
well & was hurried there, much about the time that king Charles the
fst was beheaded, who was Dean of Ch: Ch: parson of Sunningwell,
and parson of Longworth in Berkshire, S^ John Skidmore, made
Knight of y® Bathe at this Kings Coronation, my ffathers sister's son,
who has an estate at \blanli\ in Heryford Sheir. Dr Blandford, first
Bishop of Oxford and afterwards of Worcester, dead. John ffell, the
present Bishop of Oxford, Dr Morley, formerly Dean of Ch: Ch: and
now Bishop of Winchester, Dr Dolben, Canon of Ch: Ch: Dean of
Westminster Bishop of Rochester, and now Arch-Bishop of York,
Dr Alistree, Cannon of Ch: Ch: & provest of Eaton, Defunct, D^ Jones,
Student of Ch: Ch: parson of Sunningwell, prebend of Westminster,
& S*' Pauls, & Sub-dean of y® Kings Chappell, dead, Mr Washbourn,
a great Lover & Companion of D^ Jones, who dyed a Bachelor, &
made M"^ Charles Washbourn, son to D^ Washbourn of Glocester his
part Executor, D^ Dorrell prebend of Winchester, D^" Peirce, Bishop
of Bathe and Wells, D^ Hammond, Can: of Christ Church, M^ John
Westly now in Ireland, sone to M"" Tho: Westley, minister of
S* Cuihberts in Wells, M^ Devore his Companion, M^ Killman, some-
time Curat of Sunningwell, for D^^ ffell turned out of his Students
place by the parliament Visiters after the surrender of Oxford,
M"^ Read, parson of Marehum, defunct, M^" Low, Bachelor of Musick
and Organist of ye Ch: dead, M^ Speed, Canon of Ch: Ch: dead,
Mr Robt. ffell, the Bishops Brother dead, M^ William ffell his brother,
Mr Wyatt, the present University Orator, M^ Charles Washbourne,
my loveing ffriend and Companion, now Minister of Long Preston in
York-shier, Mr William Morgan, who was Chaplain to Sr John
Harman, y* brave Sea-Captn: in the Streights, who beeing wounded
to Death in a Sharpe Sea-Fight, as I think against y® Algerines,
1 7 Mr Morgan told mee, hee held him in his Arms a little before hee
dyed of his wounds, after Harmans Death hee was Chaplain to
Sr John Narrborough, Admiral of our Streights fleet, and came home
w*** him to England & after a years time went for Tangier again.
Hee was also Judge advocate to S^ John Narboroughs ffleet.
Sf Richard Morgan, Knight of y® burning Brandy, ]Mr Tho: Martyn,
Curat at Sunningwell under Dr Jones, dead, Mr Pulcson and IMr Ack-



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 185

worth, both Curats of Sunningwell under D' Jones, M' Samuell Benson,
D^ Bensons son Samuell, now parson of Upton Louell, in Wiltshire,
nere Warmister, M^ Tho Willis, D"" Willis y« phvsytians son [Dr
Willis]', Mr Robinson, kinsman to S^ John Robinson, Leiutenant
of y® Tower. M^ Robert Pocock, Canon Pococks son : M*" Twitty
now a Parson in Yorkshier, M"" Tho: Talbott, S"" John Talbots son,
dead, M^ Grub, Mr Graham or Grimes, the L^ Prestons Brother
hath now a parsonage in Yorkshier. M'" Moystin, S"^ Roger Moystins
son at flint Castle in flintshier, Mr Henry Jones, son of D^: Jones,
Minister of Sunningwell, Tho: Stevenson, Minister of Drayton in
Oxfordshier, IM"" Richard Coeplon Minister of Stanton Harcourt, then
of Ravensthorp in Northampton Shier, & now of Chastleton in
Oxfordshier. Charles Herrick, Phillip Bound hath a parsonage in
\hlank^^ Charles Allestree, Jacob Allistree, Nathaniell Lary, M^ Tho:
Read, S"" Compton Reads eldest son, dead ; George Popham, Collonell
Pophams Son, Charles Nixon, now parson of [blank'] in Worcester-
shier, near Evesham, Joseph Gascoign, M^ Tho: Heylin, D^ Heylyn
y® Geographers Son, who went a parson to Nevis *, & is since safe
returned: Mr Waar Walton a traveller in Italy: John Munday,
Dr; Mundaye's Son : M'" Newberry a Londoner, M^ Newport y® lA
Newports Son, Mr Bowdler, M" Jane ffell's son, dead. Mr Norden,
Mr Birch, Chaplain of Ch: Ch: e) lately Minister of Abingdon,
M"" Hulett oure proctor of y® University now travelling : Mr James,
I\Ir Rawlins, minister of Culham, M^ Morley y® Bishop of Winchesters
Nephew, M^ Coleman y® distracted man, one well skill'd in Musick,
when hee was in his right minde, Mr Gow, M^ Salmon, M^ Stridweeke.
The Kings Schollars of Westminster School are Elected to bee
Students of Ch: Ch: and they are also Elected from this School to be
Schollars of Trinity Colledge in Cambridge :

Magdalen Coll: dedicated as I suppose to y® memory of S*: Mary
Magdalen, is a noble pyle of building whose founder was W™. of
Wainflete, Bishop of Winchester, and Chancellor of England in 1458.
This Coll: was brought to such perfection that nothing has been added
to it in my time, and in some respects it doth exceed all other
Colledges, for most of y^ ffellowes haue Convenient Gardens and
private Stables, each man apart for his own horse. As to the
buildings besides private lodgings which are very good y« cloyster
quadrates a fair quadrangle 60 paces long N. & S.; & 52 E. & W.,
where for decoration on its Battlements are raised in stone figures of

* In margin. ' MS. Mevis.



i86 COLLECTANEA. IV

various creatures. Here is also a fine Chappell, & a strong Tower
with Six very tuneable Bells. Y^ quire in ye Chappell is paued wtb
black and white Squares of marble, it has a good organ, & ye window
over ye west dore is very remarkable for its painted glass in black and
white figures. Those other adjuncts of beauty & convenience hereto
belonging, is their Bowling Green, delicate walks of their own, of
a great lenth by Charwell, and when they please to stirr a little in
those of y® Phisick Garden and up the Hill towards Hedington.

Dr Clerk, D^ of Phisick, is y® present Governour or president of
Marling Coll: whose place for profitt is not inferiour to any if not the
best in Town, and ye fellow-ships of which here bee 40 for income
are so reputed. Here are, besides the president & fellows, 30
Schollars or Demyes, 4 Chaplains, or Clerks, 16 Choristers, 2 School-
masters, besides all other orders y* are not of ye foundation. The
organist to this Chappell has a convenient house for himselfe and
ffamily, & a good Sallery yearly to defray such Expenses.

Here is a custome on Mid-sumer Day of hauing a Sermon in y®
Quadrangle which is drest on that day with oaken Bows, a Stone
pulpitt beeing Erected in the Wall for y* purpose. And again, on
May Day at 5 of the Clock in the morning here is a custome for the
clerks & choristers to sing on the Tower.

Magdalen is capacious and large enough to entertain & lodge 150
Schollars. Gentlemen of my acquaintance att present 83 in this
Colledge are INI^ Thomas Bayly and Mr James Bayly his Brother,
Dr Perbury, M'^ Nichols, M' Laud of Hayden now dead, and in
former dayes M^ Brown a great Sympler now dead also, INI^ Joseph
Harmour and Mr Baker a man of Estate in y® west near Bristoll ;
I fell acquainted with these Gentlemen at Cambridge when I went
thither with M^ Baker of All Souls to see the University.

S* Mary Magdalen Hall, commonly called Marlyn Hall, was built
by William of Wainfleete, Bishop of Winchester, the fFounder of ye
adjoyning Colledge in 1480, only for a Grammar School, but both
ye buildings and number of Students encreasing. fiirst it was called
Grammar, but afterwards Magdalen, Hall. William Levitt, D:D: is
their present Principle, fibr Schollars of this Hall : I were once in
the Company of M"" Hyde, the lA Chancellor Plydes Son, who among
others was drowned or cast away in the late voyage or pafsage of the
Duke of York from England towards Scotland. Mr Brockwell
another Schollar of my acquaintance att present of this Hall, and
Mr Southby Mr John Southby's Son of Abbingdon, Mr Stephens,
Mr Good who Hues at Broad Chalk six miles beyond Salisbury, an



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 187

acquaintance of Madam Aubere's in the same town, who once gave
me hearty welcome at her house.

As to ye Phisick Garden & its Rarityes of that nature, since it i!
stands on ground lately purchased from Magdalen Colledge, it may
now justly challenge a remembrance, & that you may haue a true
character of its work & beauty take here an account oft from him
y* now keeps it, the skilfuU and Ingenious Gardener himselfe, my
friend M^ Jacob Bobert.

Amongst y^ severall famous structures & curiosities wherewith y®
flourishing University of Oxford is enriched, that of y® Publick
Physick Garden deserues not y® last place, being a matter of great use
& ornament, pro^ving serviceable not only to all Physitians, Apothe-
caryes, and those who are more imediately concerned in the practise
of Physick, but to persons of all qualities seruing to help y^ diseased
and for y® delight & pleasure of those of perfect health, containing
therein 3000 seuerall sorts of plants for y® honor of our nation and
Universitie & service of y® Comon-wealth. This noble thing was y®
Benefaction of y® Right Honourable Henry, Earle of Danby, who
then liued at his house at Cornebury, who, purchasing a most con-
venient plot of ground of 5 acres of Magdalen Colledge land thereto
adjoyning, being aptly watered \s^^ ye Riuer Charwell by it gliding,
and built thereon a most stately wall of hewen stone 14 foot high
with 3 very considerable Gates thereto, one whereof was to the cost
of at least 500 pounds, wch worthy work was all finished in y® yeare
1632. And endowed the same with the Parsonage impropriate of
Kirkdale in the County of York, to remain for perpetuitie.

After the walls & gates of this famous garden were built, old
Jacob Bobert father to this present Jacob may be said to be y® man
yfc first gave life & beauty to this famous place, who by his care
& industry replenish'd the walls, w^li all manner of good fruits our
clime would ripen, & bedeck the earth wt^^ great variety of trees
plants & exotick flowers, dayly augmented by the Botanists, who
bring them hither from ye remote Quarters of y^ world, but to
proceed.

This Garden Plot is not exactly square, for y^ walkes East & West
are about 120 of my paces or strides wch are more than a yard,
But North & South I trod out but 106 & 112 yards with ye length of
y8 North-Gate wch is extended wtl»0Jt ye square of >« wall. Here is
a door way lately broke through the middle of ye South wall, but the
gates spoken of by M^ Bobert are in the East West & Northerne
sides, that in the North wall wch admits entrance from the City being



1 88 COLLECTANEA. IV

fairest built, by this Old Jacob some years past got two yew trees wch
being formed by his skill are now grown up to be Gigantick bulkey
fellows, one holding a Bill th' other a Club on his shoulder which
fancy made an Ingenious person strow this Copie of verses on them.

Upon the most hopefull & ever-flourishing Sprouts of Valour,
The Indefatigable Centrys of the Physick- Garden.

Although no brandish'd Cherubins are here,
Yet sons of Adam venture not too near,
Nor pluck forbidden fruit, if with intent
To visit Paradise be innocent.
Here 's your (nil ultra) else ; in each of these
Is both a Pillar and an Hercules.
If you do not dread their looks, yet may you fear
The many strange fatalities they bear.
The Embleme of mortality the Yew
Does likewise now y® armed Agent shew;
And if unwearie Mortals slight their guard
They doubly make the Garden a Church-yard.
In this coniunction mischief's never grant,
The Saturnine 's become a martial Plant :
ffar off, in heaven it selfe are those bad stars ;
What here at hand, when Saturn clubs with Mars?
Th' Hyperian Dragon, were it not a fable,
Then these our Porters is lefs admirable.
Their blood is poyson; pestilent their breath;
And very shade the shadow is of death.
But since in England they can do no harm
Internall, they for outward mischief Arm;
Desperate poyson in most fforeign ground
Instead of sicknefs here they mean to wound.
(As lately Rebels serv'd that blefsed Head,
When Poyson might not do, they struck him dead).
Who dares be safe ? no Turk is armed so,
, When every member of them is a Bow.

Even Arms are Armed; Bows charg'd with Mars or Bill,

So that at once with stroake & shot they kill.

And lop each limb you can not strike them dead;

Each limb will multiply like Hidra's head.

Some vegetables do themselves protest

With prickles, stings, or stinks the game effect.



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 189

Our garden Genii, more general!,

Do not defend themselves alone, but all.

Old heroes hung their weapons, so as these,

flfor signal victories on signall Trees:

But, sure of Conquest, these presumptuous Sophyes 19

Do antidate : are Victors both and Trophyes.

If quibbling Cambridge, when they next Commense,

' Shall say, here 's Terrse filii without sense,

' And uery Block-heads ' : know that these were meant

ffor Military not a learn'd intent.

Valour and wit at equall Honour fly.

Yet valour often, seldome wit dwels high.

As wisemen are Cowards; so 'tis fit

That combatants haue neither fear nor wit.

Their Education tho they may not brand



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