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Bred in the Gardens Garden of the Land.

Manners makes men, of men, means Wickham's Box

Our Yews declare they may be made of Stocks,

By culture too: And Trunks afsume of late

The grand proprieties of Human state :

Couch'd in an Oake the Soveraignty ye knew

Soe here appropriate valour in the Yew;

Say, they are speechlefs too : the men of Words

They murmur though, & shake their crests disturb'd

By fancy winds : nor would their rage be curb'd,

Were't not in vain their Honor to repair,

When 'tis to fight the winds, and beat the Ayr:

Jove whispers peace ; or else we well might wonder

He go secure, lets rust his Dasdard Thunder.

These Earth-born Giants take a distant course

By plots more perilous than was their force.

Each man's an Ambuscado ; and may well

Be said at once Perdue and Cenlinel.

How they advance tow'rds Heaven night and day

And strenghth increeses still upon the way,

Yet moves unseen : But Joves all-kenning eye

Did from these wily stratagems espie

Else might th' AU-conquerour haue been surpris'd

As was our own by men in Boughs disguis'd.

So that Apollo sent a league to treat

And to Caress them with a gentle heat;



igo COLLECTANEA. IV

With numerous presents of his golden Rayes;

With farther promise of serener Dayes.

Else would their force crack Heavens Chariot wheels,

But prostrate Earth too hangs about their heels;

And as an Ancient loyall Sabine Wife

Ventures to intercede, and part the strife,

So men, whose humbler scope is heavens Crown,

With darling Earth are clog'd and fetter'd down.

Could we believe but what old people do

They were not only men but Christians too

Who fright the Div'l himself; had God but set

In his first Colony this Amulet ;

No work for Cherub had there been: no doubt

The ffiend had been, and not poor man cast out,

And Proserpine might here haue fil'd her lap

With only flowers and not an after-clap :

ffrom sons of Adam now we must retrieve

Our warning to the daughters next of Eve.

You ladies whom Priapus can't affright,

Whose toyish weapon rather does invite

(Proscrib'd for his indulgence) since you are

Beneath displeasure therefore do not dare

To use the Garden so as men use you;

At once to love ye, and deflowre ye too

Gardens of Beauties, many in pursuit

Are of your own choice flow'rs, & rarest fruit :

Weak is your Sex ; you know the Div'l in swine

Was nere repuls'd by hedge of Eglantine.

If yet the Courtier ffox, or Ruffian Bore

That Mound haue never undermin'd and tore,

Thus fortifie yo^selves ; in your defence

Set Giant Honour, Giant Conscience.

So shall you never keep, by this advice,

Knaves Kitchen Gardens but ffools Paradise.

So farewell Heroes ; who shall sing of you,
When as Heroick is Georgick too?

20 Here I may take leave to speake a word or two of old Jacob who
now is fled from his Earthly Paradise. As to Country he was by
birth a German born in Brunswick that great Rum-Brewhouse of
Europe : In his younger dayes as I remember I haue heard him say



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 191

he was sometime a Soldier by which Imploy and travail he had
opportunitie of Augmenting his knowledge, for to his native Dutch
he added the English Language, and he did understand Latine pretty
well. As to fabrick of body he was by nature very well built, (his
son in respect of him but a shrimp) tall straite and strong with square
shoulders and a head well set upon them. In his latter dayes he
delighted to weare a long Beard and once against Whitsontide had
a fancy to tagg it with silver, which drew much Company in the
Phisick-Garden. But to save you further trouble view his shadow in
this Picture. [^Loggan's engraving 0/ him is here omilied.^

Here I may not omit the Remembrance of a worthy person defunct
(though not of my acquaintance) & that is D^ Morison a Scotchman
who was Botanick Lecturer in Oxford till unhappily brought to his
end by a bruise wch a Coach gave him in London Street Alio 1682
or 3. Some who haue heard him say he was uery ingenious &
pleasant in his discourse on that subject, But whether there be now
any Botanick Lecturer in Oxford I can not tell, but Mr Sherwood of
S* John's an acquaintance of mine a Lincoln-shier gent and a kin to
a Lord of that name there, is a great louer of simpling who wth
Mr Bobert show'd me an Herball set out by D^" Morrison wch had the
best cuts of Plants that I yet haue seen.

Anno 1670. Here was built by the Income of the money giuen by
the ffounder a fair Green-house or Conservatory to preserve tender
plants & trees from the Injury of hard winter.

Winchester Colledge commonly cal'd New Colledge was built by 2 1
William of Wickham, Bishop of Winchester & Chancellor of England
in 1386, who so fortified it with Walls and Turrets that in case of
war they may sustaine a seiege, and when our present Charles the 2^
made his way from Scotland with his Army as far as Worcester, this
Colledge was made choise of to be garrison'd to resist them if they
came so far, and one S^ Thomas Draper was to be Governor, if I am
not mistaken in his name.

As to the structure of this Colledge, it has a large Quadrangle, but
the buildings Barn-like till of late Battelments were added to it, but
their Chappel, wch has a good Cloyster adjoyning, may pass for the
best in Oxford, both for bignefse and inward decorations, the floore is
paued with very fair squares of black & white marble and their organ
exceeds most instruments of that kind that I have heard elsewhere.
Some new building are now erecting on the East side of this Colledge,
And they haue in their Garden 4 curious knots of Box in severall



192 COLLECTANEA. IV

quarters, in which are cut, the Kings Armes, y^ Colledge Arms, the
ffounders Armes & a Diall.

Here is also cast up in this garden, a fair mount & on the top on't
to which you ascend by winding walls a diall resembling a bundle of
Books.

The present Warden 1684 of New Colledge is D^" Beeson D^ of
Divinity, who hath here to bear him Company 70 Schollers & fellowes,
18 Chaplains, 3 Clarkes, 16 Queristers, besides all other orders. 10
Conducts or Chaplins, says M^ Hanbury, a Conduct there.

Gentlemen as I remember of this Colledge before the King's Restau-
ration, my kinsman William Huntly of Boxwell in Glocester shier,
fellow of this house, who went a Captaine in the Army under Generall
Pen & Venables to Hispaniola and from there to Jamaica, where he
dyed, and his brother Gabriel Huntly went with him and there ended
his dayes.

Since the Restauration, M' Christopher Minshion, sometime Diuinity
Bedel of this University, who in 1680 (as I think) unfortunatly brake
his neck with a fall from his horse as he was riding from Abingdon
toward Locking to see M^" Edmond Wiseman, and a day or two after
Mr ffry, a Chirurgion of Oxford going thither as I think lo embalm or
embowel him, by a fall from his horse got his death ; Mr Hanboro,
now Parson of Letherhead in Surrey, formerly of this Colledge and
acquaintance. The Colledge is Capacious enough to entertaine &
lodge 130 Schollers. In this Colledge, the house of office or Bog-
house is a famous pile of building, the dung of it computed by old
Jacob Bobert to be worth a great deal of money, who said this Com-
post when rotton was an excellent soil to fill deep holes to plant
young Vines.

22 St John's Colledge, on the North side of Oxford, pretty near
S* Giles, where among other gentry who liue in that street, my
honor'd unkle Paul Dayrel and dame Barbara his wife, my mother's
sister, haue a good house y*^ stands in the place of a Hall formerly
dedicated to S* Bernard which Henry Chichly Archbishop of Canter-
bury & founder of All Souls built in 1430, but demolished in the reign
of King Henry the St^i in ye year 1557. S^ Tho: White sometime
Lr<i Mayor of London founded the present Colledge by y^ name of
S* Johns.

I have heard D^ Parrot & some other schollers of that house say,
that Sr Thomas White hauing an intention to build a Colledge, before
he built it had a dreame that where he saw 3 Elmes grow upon one



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 193

root there he should build it. He first, as some tell me, found 3
Elms on a root where Glocester Hall now stands, & built there. But
afterward, finding 3 more perfectly growing on a root where S* Johns
now stands, he set about building that Colledge, which Elms now grow
in the President's Garden.

Now since the dayes of S' Tho: White, William Laud & William
Juxon were both good Benefactors to it, and both Arch bishops of
Canterbury in my time.

William Laud (as M^ Robert Baskervile, now a fellow of that
house, lately told me) built the inner Quadrangle, which is a Curious
Pile for workmanship and doubtless it cost a great deal of money, &
yet my namesake said it cost Archbishop Laud as much more money
to treat King Charles the i^t and his Queen, when they came to
Oxford, as the expences of that building. They were treated, it seems,
in ye Inner Library and the Schollers of the University presented their
Majesty with a play in y^ Hall, I suppose, which was Canopy'd over
with Ivy, and other pleasant Greens. Among those Actors, M^ Edward
Bosstock made one who for Age might have reacht our dayes, for his
eldest brother, Mr William Bosstock, is yet aliue in Abingdon, and
his youngest sister, now M^s Elizabeth Steuenson, yet a vigorous
woman.

But to go forward with o^ description.

Here is in the Library of this house the Efigies of King Charles ye
i«t, drawne by a penman as far as the bust, containing in the haires
of his head, face, beard, & other clothing, the whole booke of
Psalmes.

Bishop Laud paid the Penman for this Curiosity. They haue in
St Johns a faire Chappel with an organ in it, a good Hall, and
pleasant Common fireroome, a.id very delightful! walkes with out-lets
into the Country & new Park-walkes. But here giue me leaue,
because I haue been at Cambridge, to mention S* Johns of that
University, a very noble Pile of building.

ffor as this has 2 Quadrangles in fair order, one behind the other,
that Colledge has 3. And it is so confuised that as you enter the Gate
of the first Quadrangle you may looke through this and the other 2
Courts and see a braue bridge of stone beyond them, wch lets you
ouer Dams into a good bowling Green, floored walkes and garden
Plots, and beyond this the Country is open and Airy, and, indeed, to
speake truth, here you find the greatest beauty of Cambridge for you
see 5 or 6 braue bridges of stone one aboue the other and noble piles
of building answerable to them. Some names of the Colleges



194 COLLECTANEA. IV

I remember, viz* Trinity, aboue S^ Johns, Clare Hall, & Kings
Colledge.

But to returne to our businesse. The Lordship of ffifield in
Berks, about six miles distant, hath some dependance on S* Johns
Colledge, M^" ffrancis White, the present Possessor thereof, being the
ffounders kinsman. Again, such of that name and kindred, if
Schollers and capable of it, are to be chosen fellowes of this house
before such as are not of the ffounders kindred, and they have the
priviledge to be chosen hither from any school in England, or the
Kings dominions, which others haue not, and they haue 6 places
allowed for them.

Now as touching the ffellows of this house, beside the founder's
kindred, they come hither from seuerall schools, viz*, from Tunbridge
School in Kent, i scholler, in which place my ffriend M^" Stylman at
present is there : from Reding two, 'tis probable the gift of Archbishop
Laud, who was born in that Town : two from Couentry and 2 from
Bristoll, of which places from Bristo my namesake Baskervile hath
one. The rest for the most part come hither from IMerchant Taylor's
School in London. And they may if they please, when places are
uacant, bring schollers hither from any Colledge in Oxford. But
such schollers lose their time before spent in such Colledge or Hall in
order toward taking Degrees and begin afresh, for which reason few
come hither from them who haue spent above 3 or 4 years in the
University. It is a statute in this house that 12 of the ffellows must
profess the Civil Law & take their Doctors Degrees in that science
when capable of it. But then they haue or take that freedome to
moue in which sphere they please, Law or Diuinity, as at present
Dr Meaw, D^ Morris & others, who are ffellows of this house and tooke
their degrees in Civil Law, but yet neuertheless moue in y^ prefer-
ments of Diuinity.

Here is now, 1684, for the President, D^ Leuins, Dr of Phisick,
who hath to bear him company 50 ffellowes and schollers besides all
other orders.

S* Johns Colledge is capacious and large enough to entertain and
lodge one hundred schollers.

23 A list of the names of such Gentlemen Schollers in S* Johns with
whom I have had some acquaintance. D^" Meaw, the present Bishop
of Bath and Wells, who now, since the death of Bishop Morley in
Nouember 84, is nominated by the King to be Bishop of Winchester.
A worthy person and great louer of hospitality, so that, as a man



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 195

may, the City Wells & Gentry there about will mourn for his absence,
and must needs conclude to his honor be it spoken as D^ Pope at the
end of liis wish.

In the morning when sober

in an evening when mellow

He is gone & hath left not

behind him his ffellow.
Here before I proceed to mention the names of my other friends in
this Colledge a word or two for diversion and information, which is
this, That the Bishoprick of Bath and Well in former times was one
of the best Bishoprickes in England, for but a feaw weeks since it
being now 1684, walking into the old Alms-house of Wells to see it,
in their Chappel, on the wall I found an Inscription which told me
that Nicholas Bubwich was first Bishop of London, 2^y Bishop of Salis-
bury, 3^y Bishop of Bath and Well, which Bishop the ffounder of this
Alms house for six People and a Priest, was Treasurer to King Henry
the 4 of England and died the 27 of October 1424 and is buried in
the Cathedrall, And I remember my brother Colonel Morgan who is
now an inhabitant in that Citie has told me that 2 1 Mannours has
been taken from that Bishoprick but because y® removall of Bishop
Meaw to Winchester is the occasion of this discourse giue me leave to
speake a little to that, because that Bishop is their Visitor at S* Johns,
for I am told by IM^" Stylman of that house it is a Custome that at the
first coming of the Bishop to that diocese his Tenants are obliedged
to present him with 400 pounds. This Bishoprick may be now
worth aboue 6000 pounds per annum. At ffarnam, this Bishop being
Lord of it has a noble seat vizt a braue Castle on a mount overlooking
the Town & a ffair Park well stokt with Deer adjoyning.

As to ffarnam, I was told by some there, for I went thither pur-
posely to see the Town, there is usually sold on their market day
which is Thursday, 400 loads of wheat, and of other sorts of Grain
400 loads more. But a great deal of this Come is brought into store
houses on the week dayes, for the Town will not hold so many Carts
togither at one time, so that I thinke wth allowance this may pafs for
the greatest market in Englad. And this yeelds a great Income to
the Bishop for he has the tole of all y« Corne. flfrom hence they
carry the greatest part in wagons to Guiford and Cherse and thence by
water toward and to London.

Here is also a great market for all sorts of ffruit, especially Wall-
nuts, usually sold for 2^ a hundred & sent to London. They haue
one Church in ffarnham with a Tower, though lefs like that at



196 COLLECTANEA. IV

Winchester. The Church-yard abounds with Mallows, an excellent
Plant for Glisters so that dead bodyes are here found to be good for
something, because they breed Mallows to supply the Arses of living
People. But enough of this, I proceed to the names of my friends
that haue been & now are in S^ Johns.

Doctor Parrot of ffifil in Berks my worthy friend, D' of Civill Law,
Dr Taylor, D^ Morris, both of Law, M' Stowel, the Lord Stowel's
eldest son of Ham in Summerset, D^ Gibbons D^ of Phisick, my
worthy ffriend M^ Edmond Wiseman, now Captaine of a Troop of
Horse in Barks, who now by the marriage of his wife, which was
Mr Gates onely daughter, Hues at Lockings near Sparsel's Court,
where yet do Hue my honor'd ffriend his father, M' Edmond Wiseman
— Mr. John Wiseman, son of the old man by a second wife, who now
is at Baliol CoUedge, my very loving friend M^" ffrancis White, too soon
taken from us by the small pox fatall to that ffamily, someiime
Esqi^ Beedel of this Universitie, M^" Gharls White his Nephew, some-
time Lr<i of ffifil, since cut oflf by the same disease, Mr ffrancis White
another Nephew, the Present Lord of ffifil, M^ Aldar or Aldworth,
the son of my antient friend & acquaintance M" Mary White (her
mayden name) of ffifil, who is now married to M^ Mallard a Goun-
cellor and lives at Abingdon, M^ Richard Stevenson, now Parson of
ffulham in Middlesex, the brother of my loving friend M^ Thomas
Stevenson of Stanton-Harcourt the Botanist, M^ Harper, M^ Davies,
Mr Violet, Mr Sawyer, now Minister of S' Giles in Oxford, son of
M*" Sawyer born at Abingdon and a vintner in London, INI^ Palmer
dead, and buried in S^ Giles Church-yard, where is an Inscription to
his memory on y® outside of the wall at the East end of St Giles
Church, Mr Morgan, sometime Proproctor of this University,
Mr Pleydall alias Pledwel, now Master of the ffree School in Abingdon,
M^ Tilsley's both father & son Schollers here, and INIinisters at Moor
near Oxford, the ffather is dead, but the son now minister of
S* Sepulchers in London, M"^ Harding dead, M^ Hill now Parson of
Befesleigh near Abingdon. A ffellow of this house may enjoy a
stipend or place worth 106^^ a yeare, and his ffellowship with it, pro-
vided it be not in the kings bookes worth loles ^ annum.

Since this aboue written, Mr Robert Baskervile came to Bayworth
& brought two Schollers of S* Johns with him whose names are
Mr Gonnisbie a Hartfordshire man, & M^ BlundeH, who said Bishop
Mewe was his godfather.



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 197

[Loggans Portrait of Bp. Peter Mews is here omitted?^ 24

I am informed by my worthy friend M^" Richard Rod, y* when King
Charles y^ first had his residence in Oxford, in y" time of our Civil
wars, the King wanting Cash to pay his soldiers, he was necefsitated
to send for the Colledge Plate to Coyne money and accordingly had it
delivered to him, But S* John's Colledge people being loath to loose
the memory of their Benefactor, gaue ye King a suine of money to ye
value of it, & so it staid with him some time, but y^ King's urgent
occasions for money still prefsing him forward he sent to demand it
a second time, and had it, upon wch y® King ordered the Rebus of
Richard Bayly the then President of S* Johns, 1644, to be put on ye
money Coyn'd with y® Plate, M^ Rod did help me to half a crown of this
money wch had ye Rebus of Rich: Bayly on both sides, viz* under y®
King a horse-back on one side, & under, this motto, rel : pro : le :
ANG : LIB : PAR : The Protestant Religion, The Laws of England, and
the priviledge of Parliament. And under 1644 on ye other side.

Preces ante Prandiiim. \S^ John's Conege'\
Solus. Benedicite.
Omnes. Domine ocuH omnium in te spectant

tu das escam eorum in tempore opportuno
apperis tu manum tuam et imples ome
animal benedictione tua.
Solus. Gloria Patri, et filio, et Spiritui Sancto.
Omnes. Sicut erat in Principio, ita nunc et semper erit in secula
seculorum. Amen.

Solus. Kvpie 'EXej](TOV.

Omnes. Kvpie 'EXtrjaov.

Solus. Kvpie 'EXfj/croi/.

Omnes. Pater Noster qui es in Ccelis sanctificetur nomen tuum,
adveniat regnum tuum, fiat voluntas tua, sicut in Ccelo, sic etiam in
terra ; panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et remitte nobis
debita nostra, sicut et nos remittimus debitoribus nostris, et ne nos
inducas in tentatione ; sed libera nos a malo, quia tuum est Regnu),
potentia, et gloria, in ssecula saeculorum. Amen.

Solus. Oremus. Benedic Domine nos, et dona tua quae de tua
largitate sumus sumpturi, per Christum Dominu) Nostrum.

Omnes. Amen. Jube nos Domine benedicere.

Solus. Mensae Cselestis participes nos facias, Rex seternae glorise.

Omnes. Amen. Deus est Charitas, qui in Charitate manet in deo
manet, et Deus in nobis, et nos maneamus in ipso.

IV. o



198 COLLECTANEA. IV

Post Prandium.

Solus. Deus Pacis et delectionis maneat semper nobiscum,
Tu autem Domine miserere Nostri.

Omnes. Deo gratias Confiteantur tibi populi Deus et Sancti bene-
dicant tibi.

Solus. Gloria Patri et ffilio et Spiritui Sancto.

Omnes. Sicut erat in principio ita nuc, etc.

Solus. Oremus. Agimus tibi gratias Omnipotentes [stc\ et Sempi-
terne Deus pro universis beneficiis tuis, qui vivis et regnas Deus per
omnia ssecula saeculorum.

Omnes. Amen.

Solus. Laudate Deum omnes Gentes, Laudate eu ones populi.

Omnes. Quoniam. Confi[rmata est] super nos misericordia ejus, et
Veritas ejus manet in seternum.

Solus. Gloria Patri et ffilio, etc.

Omnes. Sicut erat in principio, etc.

Solus. KvpLe 'EXerjcrov.
Omnes. Xpicrre 'E\e'r](rov.
Solus. Kvpit 'E\(r](Tov.

Omnes. Pater Noster qui es in Ccelis, etc.

Solus. Dispersit ac dedit Pauperibus.

Omnes. Et Justitia ejus manet in seculum seculi.

Solus. Benedicam Domino in omni tempore.

Omnes. Et seper laus ejus erit in ore meo.

Solus. In Domino Isetabitur anima mea.

Omnes. Audiant Mansueti et laetentur.

Solus. Magnificate dominum mecum.

Omnes. Exaltemus nomen ejus in id ipsum.

Solus. Sit nomen Domini benedictum.

Omnes. Ex hoc nunc et usque in seculum.

Solus I. Oremus. Retribuere dignare domine Deus omnibus bona
nobis facientibus propter nomen tuum sanctum vitam aeterna).

Omnes. Amen.

Solus 2. Quoesumus Omnipotens Deus ut famulus tuus Rex

noster Jacobus, qui de tua miseratione suscepit regni gubernacula
virtutum, etiam omnium percipiat incrementa, quibus decenter ornatus,
vitiorum voraginem devitare, et hostes superare, et ad se qui via,
Veritas, et vita es, gratiosus valeat pervenire, per Christum Dominum
nostrum.

Omnes. Amen.



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 199

Solus. Agimus tibi gratias, Omnipotens et sempiterne Deus pro
Thoma White, Milite, et ffundatore nostro defuncto, ac Avisia et
Joanna Uxoribus ejus, quorum beneficiis hie ad pietatem, et ad studia
literarum alimur ; Rogantes ut nos his donis ad tuam gloriam recte
utentes, una cum illis ad resurrectionis gloriam immortalem perdu-
camur, per Christum Dominu) nostria).

Omnes. Amen.

Solus. Bendicamus Domino.

Omnes. Deo gratias.

Anie Coenam.

Solus. Benedicite.

Omnes. Dominus coenam sanctificet qui nobis omnia prsebet in
nomine Patris filii et spiritus sancti. Amen.

Post Coenam.

Solus. Benedictus Deus in donis suis.

Omnes. Et sanctus in omnibus operibus suis.

Solus. Adjutorem nostrum in nomine domini.

Omnes. Qui fecit Coelum in terram.

Solus. Sit nomen domini benedictum.

Omnes. Ex hoc nunc et usque in saeculum.

Solus. Oremus Retribuere dignare domine Deus etc.

Omnes. Amen.

Solus. Quaesumus Omnipotens Deus ut famulus tuus Rex noster
Jacobus, etc.

Omnes. Amen.

Solus. Agimus tibi gratias Omnipotens et sempiterne Deus pro
Thoma White, etc.

Omnes. Amen.

Solus. Benedicamus Domino.

Omnes. Deo Gratias.

All Souls was built by Henry Chichly, Archbishop of Canterbury 25
aiio dni 1437. INI^ Henry Stedman, my worthy friend, one of that
society, told me that this Archbishop, advising the king in those days
to a war wth fFrance in wch many English were slaine, to Attone for
that & aeternise what in him lay their memory ; he caused this Colledge
to be built and gave it the name of All Souls, erecting there a fair
Chappell, in which they were to pray for the soules of those deceased
gallants. But, as a man may say, 'twas well for him he had money
to do it.

2



200 COLLECTANEA. IV

This account I had from my honor'd ffriend IM^ Thomas Baker,
another fellow of that society.

All Soules Colledge founded in the dayes of Henry Chichley, Arch-
bishop of Canterbury, falsly said from the denomination of it Collegium
omnium animarum fidelium defunctorum, a Colledge of all faithfull souls
departed, founded upon yt pretended pious. In those days account of
praying for the souls of all those yt were slain in the wars for the
recovery of ffrance. The founder was the Promoter and Chief Instru-
ment in those wars begun by Henry the ^^^, carryed on and the
kingdom vanquished by him & his son Henry the 6*^. Crown'd



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