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that the King's army was defeated and y® King Bruis & ye said
Balliol taken prisoners. But the Northern Parts remaining un-
conquered rose up and recovered all the rest of the land to the King
again and set them free.

But to proceed. The Armes or Shield of this Balliol is a field
Ruble with an Orle Pearl, ye simplicity of which Coat is an argument
of the venerable Antiquity of the same, which, as ye D^ notes, is yet
to be seen, tho somewhat defaced by time, on the inside of ye North
Aile or wing of that magnificent structure of ye said King Henry
ye 2*1, viz* The Abbey of Westminster, the Aile I mean wch is
extended in length from the Crofs-Aile of the said Church to the
Belfree westward, by which it seems he was a Benefactor to that
building and one of the heros of that time. But as we before noted,
little of this CoUedge being built in John Balliols time, Devorgill his
Lady Dowager after his death carried on ye work and made it fit for
schoUers to live in, which as ye Dr notes from Sir Philip Somervile's
statutes, a latter Benefactor, that they were at least sixteen which
were allowed one poor Servitor to attend them at ye Table by ye
Statutes of Devorgile. To this number of Devorgill's SchoUers who
after were called fellows, Somervile added six SchoUers under them
and one Chaplain beside what Chaplain or Chaplains had bee placed
there before upon the Charity of other benefactors, which 6 SchoUers
the fellows are to choose, born in places neerest to ye sight of the
Lands given by him, and they are to be the poorest, the best and
greatest Profitients. Later benefactors have added more, viz* 4 come
hither from Scotland, the gift of a late Bishop of Rochester, one from
Tiverton in Devonshier, and the Lady Periham gave i ff"ellow and
2 SchoUers places to this house, with yearly allowance to maintaine
them, and M^ Tisdale's gift was like to drop here of 7 fellowships and
6 schoUers places.

But the Cunning Abingdonians by ye help of ye Charity of Whit-
wick intertain'd thoughts of building a new Colledge and accordingly
effected it. And that nothing might be able to remove them, they
made the Earl of Penbrook, then Chancellor of the University, the
Godfather of this new-Christened Hall, calling it by the name of
Penbrooke Colledge, and King James the founder of it who then
Reigned, But (ad overa et Costagia) at the Cost and Charges of
Tisdale and Whitwick, allowing these onely ye privilege of ffoster-
ffathers. Now this Rejeton (saith ye Doctor) had no sooner taken



THOMAS BA SKER VILLE'S A CCO UNT OF OXFORD 2 1 1

root, then the Master and his Company called the Master and Society
of our Colledge into Chancery, for the restitution of 300I' of Tisdale's
money which had been imploy'd towards the purchase of Lodgings
for Tisdale's schollers. Whereunto the Society at first were generally
inclined to demur (my Lord Coventry, who had been of the Colledge,
promising a gracious hearing) but in fine it was reserved to my Lord
of Canterbury who upon hearing determined that y^ Colledge was to
pay the said 300^1 to the Master & Society of Penbrooke Colledge,
but knowing o^ Treasury to be emty of such sums his grace paid
down soli, presently the other 25011 we gave bond for to be paid
halfe yearly 'till the whole were satisfied, y^ wch sums as they grew
due his grace did likewise pay ; wch we exprest our thankfuUnefs for
by so many severall Epistles, now what w* ye Prospect of this, and
other lofses which have befallen this society the doctor saith, if y®
Starrs had any special influence upon inferior-things, we might safely
say, that this Colledge hath been subject to unhappy ones, and
amongst all its Chronocratores or Dominos Temporum, its hard to
Judge whether has had the more malignant Aspect upon it, viz.
The Thievish glance of Mercurie's eye, or the firery looks of Mars,
for as his History tels us, great lofses befell them in their revenues in
the North by the frequent wars betwixt the English and Scots before
the Union wch made bad Tenants. And they had likewise great lofs
by ye late dreadfuU fire in London. Here give me leave to remember
my dear Godson M^ Tho: Stevenson, to soon snatch'd from us in the 34
flower of his days, who was a great help to me in these Oxford
relations, for he gave me the names of y® ffounders of each Colledge
& Hall and the year when they began to build, and the number of
Schollers in each house at present save Balliol Colledge, wch as farr
as I can gather from y® Doctor's booke, with ye Master may be about
34 persons besides Cookes, Buders and such like people.

The ancient allowance to these Schollers or fellows in Devorguille's
time, saith o^ D^, seemes to be 8^ ^ weeke increased by Somervill in
case his rent yeelded so much to ii*^ v weeke, wch 8d was then as
good as a mark now, and ii*i as good as iB^ 4*1, & 12'i y weeke
intended by Sir William ffelton (who gave them ye benefice & Mannor
of Abboldesley, then as good as 20 shillings) & Sir Richard Baker,
a late Author, notes that in Henry the 8*^8 days, viz*. 1533, a fatt Ox
was sold for 26^ & a fat sheep for 38 ^^^ & Dr Savage found in their
Colledge Records that for the building of a barn at Abboldesley
Rectory they contracted with one John Harwold a Carpenter for i oo^,
Ano Drii 1391, which now would cost looii.



212 COLLECTANEA. IV

But to pursue o^ history, it appears by the premisis that it was not
intended that ye schollers of y® i^st ffoundation should continue in ye
house any longer than Quo usque in Artibus Cefsaverit ' till they may
be Masters of Art compleat,' which exposing some to poverty for
want of timely maintenance after they had taken that degree — The
Rigor of this Statute was taken off by y® Pope of Rome when Richard
Stabbys was Master, about Aiio 1520.

An account of the names of other Benefactors to Balliol Colledge
as I met with in D^ Savage's book.

S* Hughes Hall, and Hert Hall were given to this Colledge by
Richard Huntington and Walter Horkstow, aRo 18 of Edward the i.
Jeffrey Horkstow and Staynton gave the Site of y^ Divinity School.
Chimers Hall was given by Hugo de Sancto Yvon & Jeffrey Horkstow
Land.

Horsemongers Street was given by Gilbert de Pomfrait & Thomas
Humbleton and John Slatter, Jeffrey Sawcer was another Benefactor
of land where y^ Colledge now stands.

Hugo de Vienna gave lands to this Colledge in S*^ Larence Jury
London, Ano 1310.

Hugo de Warkenby & William de Socham gave 4 mefsuages in
Oxford. Mr Hunsingoure gave land in and about Oxford.

Money given by y^ Lord Abbot of Reding for y^ soules of Adam Le
Polterer, Burgefs of Reding, John Burton, John Duke & Julian his wife,
Benefactors of house and Lands in Oxon to this Colledge. And George
Nevill, Bishop of Exon in y® days of Edward y® 3*1 & Rich: 2^, John
Bell gave a house about Clerken Well, in Philip and Mary's dayes.
And M« Elizabeth Stevenson Junior lately told me that I\Ir Snell,
husband to Mr Coopers wifes sister (which Mr Cooper is now
Register of that Archdeaconry of Oxford) gave since the death of
Di" Savage 4 places for Scots Schollers, being himself born in that
Countrey and 10 pounds yeerly to y® Register of that Court for ever.
And since y^ writing of this gift to 4 Scots Schollers, Mr Chilcot, an
Ingenuous SchoUer of this house, told me of a Renowned Beneflictor,
one Sir Thomas Wendly, a Gentleman of Cambridge Shire, of what
Town I know not, gave y® third part of y^ Library a Choice collection
of very excellent books, being all his owne study, he was formerly
fellow Commoner of the same Colledge. This Colledge of Balliol
perhaps lays with some people, under some scandal & disreputation
by entertaining the Protesting Lords & Afsociates of IMonmouth,
Shafsbury, Grey, &c., who gave a great Bowl, the best plate that is to
be scene in Oxon, as a testimony of thanks to y*^ Colledge. But all



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 213

that know y® Coll, must needs know there is not a disafected man in
ye CoUedge.

Gentlemen of my acquaintance in Balliol Colledge have been and 35
are these that follow, D^ Savage now dead, D^ Tocker of Abingdon,
dead, Mr Sands y^ brother of y® Lord Sands whose sister was Doctor
Savage's wife, M^ Griffin, Mr Dunbar a Scotsman, Mr Dickenson,
Mr Paine now at present a Scholler in this house, son of my loving
friend Mr Paine, Apothecary in Abingdon, the person who lent me
the Doctor's Book.

Here I may not omit y® remembrance of a custome they have in
Balliol Coll, when they keep an eminent Act Supper wch once I saw
being invited thither to take part of their good Cheer, some yeers
before the Kings restauration. And that was in y® middest of the
Hall in the fire place they had planted an Oak wch they would hew
a foot square or more, with all his green bows and leaves flowrishing
upright, but ye bark of the body was taken off. This strange sight,
it being hard to conceive how they got it into the roome, with y®
Musick and good Cheer to boot, made y® entertainment very
pleasant.

The next remark I am to speak to before I leave Balliol is to tell
you of a firery conflagration that happened as people say before this
Colledge — the martyrdome of two of the most eminent Compilers of
the Common prayer book. Arch-bishop Cranmore & Bishop Ridley ;
firy indeed as to that severe sentence and conflagration as to y® con-
sumption of their bodyes, but to conclude, let this be the prayers of
every good Christian, that God may remove from these ffyrie tops of
Sinai to y® more comfortable Mount Sion. Another tragicall action
fell out but a few years since in this Colledge. The story is thus,
A Taylor named Thomas Hovill, a journeyman being usually imploy'd
by some Schollers of that Coll living near it, was particularly beloved
by one M^ John White, a Scholler of the said house, and received
many kindnefses from him, and upon occasion he would lend him
and give him money and cloths, and Hovill being thus intimate with
him, knew all his aff'airs, and that he had by his great care and
frugality save up about twenty pounds for to take his Bachelours
degree withall. Now Hovill having an intreague as they reported
with a maid of the Town, and would have married her, but she not
consenting to his desires unlefs he could procure some money, to
make a handsome wedding of it, and to furnish a house and the like,
he knew of no pofsibility of getting such a sume by any direct and law-
full means, and his pafsion was so firey for the maid that rather than

IV. p



214 COLLECTANEA. IV

loose her, he would trye any way to gaine her, and accordingly the
Devil, who is allways busiest in such exigencys put into his heart to
rob this his friend of y® said sum. To palliate this his designe he
came one day just as y® bell rang for supper to the Colledge (having
a hatched with him) to desire M^ White to write a letter for him, he
being a servitor, & so could not conveniently tarry away from y®
Hall, desired this Hovill to stay in his Chamber 'till supper was ended,
and then he would write his letter, and accordingly left him in his
Chamber. But M^" White getting some other servitor to supply his
place, returned sooner than he was expected, and caught him in the
action of breaking open his trunk. M^ White seeing that runs to him
and gives a box on the ear, saying to this purpose, ' You ingratefull
dog, do you go to rob me, one that have been so good a friend to
you ? ' Thomas Hovill, turning short upon him, with the hatched
gave him a blow on y® head wch made him fall to y^ ground, and
then to prevent a discovery by groaning or the like, he most in-
humanly mangled his face and head till he was afsured that he was
dead, and then stole y® money with some cloths and linnen and went
his way. The next morning one going to see for M^ White on some
buisines, coming to his Chamber wch was an upper room, found y«
door open and went in where he found his studying gowne spread on
the floor, & taking it up found y® said John White all in his gore.

One thing more in this story wch you may think worth y® noting
is this. This barborus Hovill, after he had committed this bloody
fact 'tis said endeavoured to march off, but by a strange impulse was
forc'd to go back again before he could get above a mile or two out of
Oxon. Upon examination, he was sent to Jail, and at y® Afsizes was
condemn'd to be hang'd before y® Colledg Gate 3 hours in ierrorem,
and afterwards to be gibbeted on Bullington Green, which accordingly
was done. He was filled with terrour of mind 'till his execution,
accompanied with interstices of hardnesse and obduracy.

36-51 [A dated list of ' Principalis ' of Balliol is here omitied.]

[A ' list of y^ names of such Eminent men who have been scholars
in Balliol Colledge' copied from Savages ' Balliofergus,' follows here.\

52 Exeter Colledge, as also Hart Hall, were built by Gualter Stapledon,
Bishop of Exeter and Treasurer of England, Anno 1316, who
endowed it wth maintenance for 1 2 fellows. And it was first called
Stapledon Hall & had yo name of Exeter Coll: from Edmond Staflbrd
Bishop also of Exeter, who added 2 fellowships to it in 1404. It had



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 215

more fellowships added to it by other Benefactors. Arthur Burey,
Dr of Divinity, is their present Rector or Governor, Anno 1686, in
wch are now 23 fellows besides other orders. This account my
Godson, Mr Thomas Stevenson, gave me some five or six years
before 1686.

But this present year 86: contracting acquaintance with Mr Crabb,
a Scholler of Exeter, and one of y® University Library Keepers, he
gave me this further relation.

He saith the L^d Peters gave 8 fellowships, and King Charles y®
Martyr one, wch fellowship given by that King is various at choice,
for that fellow must be one time a Jersey man, another time
a Gamsey man. These, with those given by y® above named
Benefactors number 23 fellowships. Now besides these fellows they
have 2 Exhibitioners & a Bible Clark.

Now ye difference (as M^ Crabb saith) between a fellow & an
Exhibitioner in this Colledge is thus, the Exhibitioner hath 6li yearly
allowance & no Chamber, the fellows have setled Chambers and
better means. Now some of these fellows are yeerly chosen to be in
offices & have stipends allowed them, which are the Sub Rector, the
Dean & 2 Boursers.

Severall are the Customes of this Colledge, as of others among wch
that of the determining Bachelors is most observable, who on y®
Saturday morning called Q^g Saturday, viz. the Saturday before Ash-
wednesday, these Schoollers are obliged in their formalityes to serve
ye whole Hall wth Muscadine & eggs, figs, Almonds, and what sorte
of wine they pleese to drink. And when Breakfast is ended, the
Dean, wth y® rest of y® society of this house, accompany these
determining Bachelors to ys Schools & there leave them, from whence
(after one of y® Collectors has entertained them wth a speech and
received their fees) they go to S^ Mary's to prayers & so returne to
their respective Colledges.

They further have here a Custome, after y^ Solemn exercise of y^
Schools is ended, on Ash-Wednesday to treat y® Dean & ye fellows,
their Aristotles & as many others as they please wth variety of wine,
viands, & other accommodations. The Aristotles are those who
answere y® Dean instead of y® Declaiming Bachelors.

As to ^Edifice here, you find a large & well built Quadrangle, good
Chambers, a fair Hall, & a Cellar may vie wth y^ best in Town.

ffor other ornaments to delight, here is a fine garden & in't a Box
knot remarkable for having y® founders name & ye Coll: Armes
curiously cut in't Sc in another a Sun Diall.

p 2



2i6 COLLECTANEA. IV

They have also a decent Chappel to serve God in, & an Organ
lately set up by the present Rector. The Chappell was built by
Dr Hackwell, sometime Rector of this Colledge. Now Annually
every Consecration day since y® Ceremony was performed in y®
morning, one of y® fellows do preach, & at dinner they allow 2
other bottles of wine to every 4 fellows, & i bottle of wine to 4 of any
order. This Colledge is Capacious and large enough to entertaine &
lodge 120 people (so saith M^Crabb & Mr Oliver, schoUers in't), buf
my friend M^" Newe y® present Butler saith it is capacious enough for
150 people. This Society consists for y^ most part of West Country
men, but y® Petroan fellowships, as they call them (wch are those
given by ye Is^^ Peters) any one is in a capacity of standing for them
who was borne in any County where his L^dship has any land.

The gentlemen wch I can remember y* have been & now are of
my acquaintance in this Colledge are these — Mr Crabb & M^ Oliver,
ye irst a Devonshire man, y^ 2^ a Devonshire, the Gentleman who
gave this relation M'^ Morgan, son of M'^ Morgan in Cranbourn
Chase, a Rainger there for y® Earle of Shaftsbury. This Morgan told
me at his father's house he had taken his master of Arts Deg: in
Oxon, now since dead. I suppose he was of Exeter Coll: both father
and son gave me & my brother. Col: Morgan, now defunct, a very
friendly reception at their house in Cranbourn Chase, & sent a piece
of venison after us to Broad Chalk, where that worthy Dame
Mrs Aubere (since also dead) gave us free entertainment, & this
M"^ Morgan Senior was a great lover of my brother & would pleasure
my brother & Col: Prater with venison when they sent for it.
Mr Masters, sometime Curate of Stanton Harcourt & now Parson of
Bridewell in London, M^ Richard Baskerville, the eldest son of
Mr Baskerville of Riccason & Winterbourn in Wiltshire, M"^ Rodney
ffane, since a student of Law in Lyons Inn, London. Mr Newe, my
loving friend and butler of this Colledge as aforesaid, who had an
ingenous son, sometimes a Scholler of this House, who went one of
ye earliest Planters to Carolina, whose loss, wth his dear father I do
much lament as being deprived by his death of further intelligence
from those parts ; yet to make him live wt we can in o^ Memory take
here an account of that plantation, as it came in letters from him,
before any narrative of that place was put in print.
53~5 [^Three long letters from one Thomas Nave, written in Barbados
in May and August 1682, and March 1684, are here omitted, as is
also a Quaker's account of New Jersey, * which letter my xvorthy
friend M^ John Hyde did bestow upon me.' J



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 217

Brazenose Colledge was begun by William Smith, Bishop of 57
Lincoln, Alio 151 3, but dyeing and leaving it unperfect was finished
by S^ Richard Suton, 1522.

The number of ffellowships and SchoUarships were increased by
these Benefactors, viz. John Claymond, Alexander Nowell,Jocosaffrank-
land, & Samuell Radcliff. The present Principle is Thomas Meers,
Mr of Arts. It hath 20 ffellows, 33 SchoUars, besides other orders.

Corpus Christi Coll: was built by Rich: Fox, Bishop of Winchester, 59
151 6, one of the Privy Councell to Henry y^ 7th & 8tli and privy seal.
It hath a President, Robert Newling, D^ of Divinity, 20 ffellows, 20
Schollars, 2 Chaplens, besides other orders. This Colledge has one
fair Quadrangle for entrance from the street and a back Quadrangle
with a Chapel and Cloysters, a good Hall, Kitchin, Buttery, Cellar,
& Common fire-roome.

Gentlemen with whome I have had acquaintance sometime in this
Colledge were and are, M"^ Lanfyre a famous Preacher in Summerset
Shire, often at y^ Cathedrall of S* Andrewes Wells, in Bishop Pierces
time. He was a Minor Praebend of y® Church, viz. Vicar of Binder,
two miles from Wells. His son was also a fellow of this Coll: in my
time & succeeded his father in y^ same pleasant Preferments of
Praebend and Viccar of Binder, both dead.

Mr Taylor yet resident there who as I remember told me that one
Ouldame was a good Benefactor to this Colledge, who has in his
Escuchion Three Owls, and they have a Yew tree by y® Colledge
seldome without 3 Owles. The people it seemes out of respect to
their Benefactor taking care to preserve and Cherish these Birds.

Mr Bavies, now Parson of Sandford in Oxford- Shire, who lately
did purchase there a good estate of Mr Bunce of Pifsie in Berks.

This land was first given by M^s Isham their Aunt to the younger
brother, but he dying it fell to y® Eldest Brother. These 3 are dead,
and were of my acquaintance some years before 1693. M^ Bunce
stood to be Burguefs of Abingdon against Si^ John Stonehouse, but
fayling in y® Attempt a few weekes after he died.

Mr Coward.

A Summerset man by birth, his Parents had means in Wells & an
Estate at East Penard, 4 miles from Wormister in S* Cuthberts Parish,
Wells, where I was borne.

Mr Coward, about 10 years since, was Parson of Kingston-
Seamore in Summerset shier, to y® West ward of Bristol by y^ Severn



2i8 COLLECTANEA. IV

Sea. Some years before that account, the sea made a breach in
a wall which kept out y® waves from overflowing these Moores, wUh
was so suddain that although ye wall be 2 miles from ye Church, on
a Sunday when people were at Prayers in y® Church they forced to
fly for fear of drowning. The summer after y^ great frost I went to
see some friends at Bledon by up hill 6 miles from Kingston Seamore,
Mr Thomas Lyte my Kinsman (whose wife was my brothers daughter)
being Parson there, sometime a Schollar at Trinity in Oxon. So by
their perswasion we went ouersea to S* ffagons in Glamorgan shire, to
see our old friend M^ Rachboon, Parson there. So after a weeks
hearty welcome, we had a ship to come back again, and this ship put
us ashore by y® wall nigh Kingston Seamore, and this wall was then
rebuilding at y® Chardge of Lord Digby, & many men were then at
worke. The Lordship where y« wall stands did belong to another
Gentleman, whose name I have forgot, but }•«> Charge of Repairation
being too great for his Income, L^d Digby undertooke it with y*
Lordship. But to returne, it was in August when we landed here,
& my Lords Steward was civill & sent one of his work-men to guide
us to an Inn in Kingston Seamore. But that which I am to speake
to is this. With some adoe we got beds, for we were 4. But after
I was abed I never but once before met with such Tormentors, and
that was an Inn by Severnside at Purton Pafs, where and here at
Kingston Seamore the stings of fleas were so sharp as if so many
needles had stuck in my flesh. This paine I did endure till towards
day, when their bellyes being full there was a Cefsation. Sure it
should seeme, y^ Sun and Aire from y® Severn Sea do make ffleas
more venomous here than in other places.

Thus much in remembrance of Kingston Seamore, Mr Cowards
Parsonage. I'lle now go back with him to Corpus Christi, where in
his time of courting y© Muses, he was a lover of Musick, I being then
a well wisher to it, he gave me this song wch after I saw printed in
Mr Cowley's Book.

The thirsty Earth soaks up the Rain

And drinks & gapes for drink again

The Plants suck in ye Earth, & are

With constant drinking fresh & fair.

The sea itself which one would think

Should have but little need to drink

Drinks Thousand Rivers up

So fill'd that they o're flow the Cup

The buisy Sun, & one would guefs



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 219

By 's drunken firy face no lefs

Drinks up the Sea & when h'as done

The Moon & Stars drink up the Sun

They drink & dance in their own h'ght

They drink and Revel all the night

Nothing in nature's sober found

But an Etemall health goes round

ffill up the Bowl then fill it high

ffill all y^ glafses there ; for why ?

Should every Creature drink but I

Why, men of moralls tell me why.

So farwell Cowley and his healths

All heal to him & his good wealth

Clashes and dashes are the fates

Of such as live in troublesome States,

Between light, darknefs, good, evill,

God keep us all from the Devill

Certain the Devill is not there

Where both sex do use their gear

Popular, & Aristoricall States

Sometime meet troublesome fates

Despotick and Monarchial powers

Scholars & Townsmen feel some showers

Civill & Ecclesiastick Jurisdictions

Have Clashes & Dashes, y*^ breed afflictions

Kings & Parliamts, men & their wives

Have some Clashes while alive

Thus we see how things occur

Between y® Termes, Plea & Demur

There is nothing allways quiet found

Because of jarrs are moving round

ffor Mortalls they have sundry souls

As far distant as the Two Poles



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