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This makes fuieds, fights & fakings

Because they'l dye in their callings

So good and bad are in places

And as to souls, they have their cases

Sometimes better, sometimes worse

Much as they please bear y^ purse

Therefore as Scripture pluinly sayes

There is evill sufficient to the day.



220 COLLECTANEA. IV



I.



60 *Tis a Common saying saying that Sorrowes
are drys
Therefore He wash u'm away with honest Tom Hyde's good

health.
Here is a Carowsing Cup, unto the best of men
And when that this is drunk all out, then wee'll begin agen
ffor here is nothing constant in this world to be found
And so drink up your liquor, & let this health go round.

2.

Each man his can all in hand, & cap upon the ground
Each man unto his liquor stand, & let this health go round
Then take your Cups & turn them & what you do not drink
Put in your Caps & burn them, whatever you say or think.

61,62 [' Tom Hydes Memories ' follow here^

63 The founder of Merton Colledge was Walter Merton Bishop of
Rochester Anno [blank]. It is governed in Chief by a Warden now
called Sr Thomas Clayton a D^ of Phisick whose income by y®
Colledge is said to be worth 600^1 p"^ annum. The Statutes of this
Colledge say, they must never haue aboue 40 ffellows and never under
1 6 fellows. This Colledge has had little or nothing done to it in my
dayes. It being brought to perfection before, saue that their Chappell
(wch is alfo a Parish Church called S* Johns) hath lately been new
beautified at y® Charges of one M^ ffisher, a fellow of that house, who
gave money to do it after his death. The Schollars of this house
haue a custome one night in a year when they haue been long & late
at disputing to break open their buttery door and fall to eating such
victualls as they can find there.

Gentlemen of this Colledge wch I have seen & haue had some
acquaintance are D"" Whitehall, M^ Whitehall his kindsman now
Curate of Stanton-Harcort, Dr Coward, M^ Hyde, son of my worthy
friend Captaine Hyde of Kingston Lile in Berks, M^" Richard Hyde
son of my worthy friend Mr John Hyde of London borne at Blagrove
in Berks.

65 Lincoln Colledge was begun by Thomas flflemming Bishop of
Lincoln 1430, but he dyeing, Thomas Beckingion Bishop of Bath &



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 221

Wells added to it, but Thomas of Rotheram Bishop of Lincoln after-
wards Bishop of York & Chancelor of England finished it & added
5 fellowships to it in 1475.

Edward Derby Archdeacon of Stow added 3 more in 1534. After-
wards John Williams keeper of y^ great seal Sc Bishop of Lincoln,
afterwards Archbishop of York built ye Chappell to it, in 1631. It
hath a Rector, Tho: Marshall Dr of Divinity ; 1 2 fellows, 2 Chaplains,
besides other orders.



Queens Colledge was built Afio 1340, by Robert Eaglesfield 67
Batchelor in Divinity and Chaplain to Queen Philippa wife of
Edward ye 3d wch Colledge he dedicated to her, and all succeeding
Queens. S"" Joseph Williamson added a piece of building to it in
1672. It hath a Prouost Timothy Halton D^ of Divinity, 14 ffellows,
7 schollars, 2 Chapplains, 14 poor Children besides other orders.

In this Colledge some tell me, at meals they sit at table or tables in
their Hall with backes against ye wall or wainscot and their faces looke
all one way. The reason why they do so, some say was this, One
of their Society being killed by a stab in ye back, when eating at
a Table in the Hall they do to prevent the like evills sit as I said with
their faces all looking forward one way. My worthy friend D^ Hide
one of this society with a good dinner gave me this account of an
ancient custome in their Colledge at Christmas.

So take it verbatim as he writ it.

In Queens Colledge on Christmas day at ye beginning of dinner
is kept an ancient Custome of singing up the Boar's head, wch
perhaps formerly might be a real Head, but now is a wooden head
drefs'd with Bayes and Rosemary, and before ye mouth, there is put
a little burning pitch which flameth, and a little white froath to repre-
sent the foaming of the Boar. The song is sung only by one Person,
either ye Butler or any body who hath a tolerable good voice, and is
strong enough to bear ye weight of ye Head at his Armes end.
But ye Chorus is sung by all in ye Hall, who haue a mind to stretch
their voices. But ye Taberders or ffoundation Batchelors who are
Chiefly expected to sing it, do exercise it for aboue a week before, in
ye evening altogither in a Chamber, for wch they are allow'd at such
times some Beer by ye Colledge, And that is the only song wch is
ever allowed to be sung alowd in the Colledge, it being otherwise an
offence to sing lowd. The song consists of 3 stanzas and is ac-



222 COLLECTANEA. IV

cordingly by parts sung at 3 seuerall stations in y® Hall viz. at y®
entrance at ye middle & at or near to ye high Table.

The Boars Head in hand bear I,
Bedecked with Bays and Rosemary.
And I pray you my Masters merry be yee,
Quot estis in Convivio
Caput Apri defero, reddens laudes Domino.

The Boars Head as I understand,

Is the brauest dish in all the Land,

And thus bedecked with a gay Garland,

Let us servire Cantico,

Caput Apri defero, reddens Laudes Domino.

In memory of y® King of Blifs

Which on this day to be served is

In Reginensi Atrio,

Caput Apri defero, reddens Laudes Dofio.

Queens Colledge has one fair Quadrangle, A Chapel with some
painted glafs, A good Hall, Kitchin, Buttery, Cellar & a Common
fire roome for y^ grauer people, wch convenience as to buildings has
been added to the Colledge since my time, for ye common fire places
are in ye middest of euery Hall, But now since this addition of
Common fire roomes in most Colledges the Seniors do retire after
meals that the younger people may have freedome to warm their
toes & fingers. As other Colledges call their people to meales by
ringing bells, here they do it by blowing a home.

As to outlets or walls being now surrounded by other buildings 'tis
not much, yet they haue some Gardens and a Bowling Green.

I am told by my friend M' John West, Shop-Keeper in Oxford,
that Dif Barlow since Bishop of Lincoln, was a ff"ellow & then Provost
of Queen's Colledge in my time. At his decease (for he dy'd then
Bishop of Lincoln) he gaue seven waggon loads of Books to Queens
College, and they are now at y® Charges of that house building
a Library to bestow them. A Gentleman of that name, a great lover
of my ITather & Mother, Dean of Wells Afio Dni 1630 was one of my
Godfathers. M^" Thomas Lyte of Lytes Cary Somerset (who took ye
pains to draw down King James Pedigree from Brute) was y® other.



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 223

My Godfather Dean Barlo did dye before I was of years to know him,
but he left Children. I was acquainted with one of his sons, Major
Henry Barlo, a valiant man for King Charles ye i"* in those wars.
Captain William Morgan and Major Henry Barlo both friends and
Commanders under the said King when that party did vanish, did
marry two sisters. A third was wife to my uncle George Lyte of
Layterton in Glocestershire. Captain Hedges of Wodmore Somerset
a Parliamenterian, was their brother who dying without Ifsue, his
estate fell among his sisters, all these are dead, but I'le return to
Dean Barlow. One Warburton I think was his succefsor in the
Deanery who being removed or dying, the next Dean of Wells was
Raileigh. In his time y® warrs being uery hot between y^ Cavaliers
& Roundheads (as they then were called) and more blood shed on
both sides after y^ Kings party was forced out of y^ West Dean
Rawleigh was made a Prisoner in Wells and one Penny was there
a Marshall or Jaylor, who taking a spleen against y^ Dean, then
under his custody, gave him a stab of which wound he dy'd. He had
sons that went to school with me, y* time in Wells.

As for University Colledge, its Antiquity renders its originall so 69
obscure yt we have onely this relation yt King Alfred built y^ great
hall of ye University in ye year 883, which by ye Injury of y® times
was turned to other uses till at last it was redeemed by some fellow
students wch were maintained by y^ money that William Dunelm
left by his will to the University for that use in 1245. To this
Walter Skirlaw added 3 fellowships, and Henry Percy Earl of
Northumberland 3 more, and S^ Simon Bennet who was himself of
this house gaue four fellowships & as many SchoUars places. It hath
a Master, Obadiah Walker, Master of Arts, 12 fellows, 10 Schollars
besides other orders.

Trinity Colledge was founded by Thomas Pope, Knight, who gaue 7 '
it that name 1556. It hath a President, Radolph Bathurst D^ of
Phisick and Dean of Wells, 12 fellows, 12 Scholars with other
orders.

Jesus Colledge was founded by Queen Elisabeth 1572, to wch 73
there were seuerall great benefactors, viz. Herbert Westfaling Bishop
of Hereford, Sr John Walter Chief Baron of the Exchequer, S^ Eabal
Thelwell, Thomas Gwin and ffrancis Mansell, formerly Principals.
It hath a Principall, John Lloyd Dr of Divinity & present Vice-



224 COLLECTANEA. IV

Chancelor, i6 fellows, i6 Scholars, 8 Exhibitioners with other
orders.



*^5 Nicholas Wadham left in his will what was sufi&cient to build and
endow Wadham Colledge 1609, wch was very splendidly performed
by his wife Dorothy in 161 3. It hath a Warden, Gilbert Ironside,
15 ffellows, 15 SchoUars, 2 Chaplains besides all other orders.

717 Pembrook Colledge was formerly called Broad gate hall in 1624,
to which Thomas Tesdale of Glimton gaue money for the maintenance
of 1 7 ffellows and 6 Schollars, to be chosen out of Abingdon School.
And Richard Whitwick, Batchelor of Divinity, added 3 fellows &
4 Schollars. King James granted it to be a Colledge in 1624, wch
for the honor of William Herbert, Earl of Pembrook, then Chancellor
of ye University, they named it Pembrook Coll: it hath a Master, 10
ffellows, 10 Schollars, with many of other orders.

79 Glocester Hall either had its name from Gilbert Clare, Earl of
Glocester, or from the Glocester Monks who before y^ destruction of
Monasteryes studied here y® Arts, in 1283, but however it was,
S^ Thomas White, founder of S* Johns Colledge, built up ye ruins of
this, and dedicated it to y® Muses 1560, only changing y® name into
S* John Baptist's Hall, but it rather still retains the first name, the
present Principle is Byrom Eaton, D^ of Divinity.

81 Heart Hall was founded by Walter Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter,
who also founded Exeter Colledge 1314. The present Principle is
John Lanpyre, Doctor of Physick, an Hystory Profefsor.

83 S* Albans Hall had not its name so much from y® Monastery of
S* Albans, whose monks studied here in 1300, as from Robert
of S* Albans, formerly Governor of that Church. But however it was,
its now inhabited by Gownsmen. Thomas Bourchier, D*" of Law,
Principle.

85 S* Edmond Hall either had its name from one Edmund, formerly
Master of it, or of S* Edmund Archbishop of Canterbury, it belongs
now to Queens Colledge.

87 S' Mary's Hall either had its name from yo neighbouring Church



THOMAS BASKERVILLE'S ACCOUNT OF OXFORD 225

or from Oriel Colledge, to wch it belongs, wch was formerly called
St Mary's Colledge. Joseph Crowther the present Principle.

New-inn Hall was formerly called Trilleck Hall 1360 from John 89
Trilleck Bishop of Hereford, and his brother Thomas formerly own'd
it, but since falling to New Colledge in 1392, it receiv'd the name
of New-Inn Hall. William Stone, Batchelor of Law, y^ present
Principle.



PART V
BILL OF COSTS OF CHARLES ELLIS

AGENT IN LONDON TO THE MAYOR OF

OXFORD FOR THE CORONATION

OF GEORGE IV, 1831

AND TWO OTHER DOCUMENTS



BY F. WILLIAMS



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

The Silver-gilt Cup of George IV . . . to face p. 233

Facsimile Reproduction of a Certificate of Admission

TO the Freedom of the City of Oxford . . after p. 263

Facsimile of an Indenture of Apprenticeship . . after p. 264



PREFACE

This document is of a more recent date than any of the
publications hitherto issued by the Oxford Historical Society ;
but it will be read with interest by members as throwing some
curious side-lights on the manners and customs of the first
quarter of the nineteenth century.

The Coronation of George IV was the last at which there
was a banquet, and of this we may quote from Sir George
Naylor's ^ official account.

' Dinner being concluded, the Lord Mayor ^ and twelve
principal Citizens of London as assistants to the Chief Butler
of England (The Duke of Norfolk), accompanied by the
King's Cupbearer and Assistant, presented to His Majesty
wine in a gold cup ; and the King having drunk thereof
returned the gold cup to the Lord Mayor as his fee.'

' Herbert Parsons, Esq., Mayor of Oxford, with eight
Burgesses of that City, as assistants to the Lord Mayor and
Citizens of London, assisting the Duke of Norfolk in the
Office of Chief Butler of England, was conducted to his
Majesty, preceded by the King's Cupbearer, and having
presented to the King a bowl of wine received the three
maple cups as his fee.'

The Mayor of Oxford at the Coronation of George IV was
Mr. Herbert Parsons^. The Bailiffs, who also each received
one of the maple cups, were Mr. Robert Juggins and Mr.
Charles Foster, names often recurring in the poll-books of the
Oxford Freemen.

' Sir George Naylor, Garter King of Arms, b. Strond, 1764, d. London, i 31.

' John Thomas Thorp, Lord Mayor of London, 1820-1 ; Alderman of Aldgate
and M.P. for London, elected Lord Mayor again in 1831, but did not serve.

' Mr. Herbert Parsons was also Mayor of Oxford 1810-1 1 ; his brother, the Very
Rev. John Parsons, D.D., Master of Balliol (afterwards Bishop of Peterborough),
was Vice-Chancellor 1807-10. Thus in 1810, the Head of the University and
the Chief Magistrate of the City were brothers j this is noted as being unique.

IV. Q



23© COLLECTANEA. IV

The Mayor of Oxford claims to serve as Assistant Butler
at the Coronation Banquet with the Lord Mayor of London
under Charter of Henry I, afterwards confirmed by Henry II
as follows : —

' Know that I have granted and confirmed to my citizens in
Oxenford all liberties and customs and laws and quittances
which they had in the time of King Henry my grandfather,
and that they sei*ve wine at my feasts with those of my
Butlery and do their traffic with them within London and
without and everywhere for they and the Citizens of London
have one and the same custom and law and liberty.'

Neither of our Queens held a Coronation banquet, and for
reasons there was no banquet at the recent Coronation of
H. M. Edward VII, but the claim to serve was duly lodged
at the Court of Claims on behalf of the Mayor of Oxford,
Sir Walter Gray.

The silver-gilt cup of George IV, a maple or mazer cup,
and the original bill of costs of Charles Ellis are now in
the possession of Herbert Parsons, Esq., of Elsfield Manor,
the grandson of the Mayor ; by whose kind permission this
document is added to the volume of Collectanea of the
O. H. S. for this year. The very careful and artistic repre-
sentation of the cup was made by Herbert Hurst, Esq., a
member of the O. H. S. ^.

The silver-gilt cup was doubtless given to the City some
time after its receipt by the Mayor, as in 1835 there is a

^ The drawing gives the tall silver vessel vpith cover and a mazer or maple-wood
cup. The former is 21^ in. high, the latter 5^ in. The line of ornamentatloa
under the cover of the silver cup is formed of a series of quatrefoils joined by
short ornamental bands ; the quatrefoils contain Tudor roses and three shamrock
leaves, alternately ; projecting from the bands above and below are small branches
of flowers lightly etched. The arms are those of Oxford with the supporters an
elephant and beaver. Motto on ribbon below ' Fortis est Veritas.'

The mazer is provided with a silver lip, on which, just above a bead-ornament,
is engraved ' H. Parsons, Esq™, Mayor of Oxford. At the Coronation of
George IVth, July 19, 1821 '; with a band of silver to protect the stand. The
shield on its bowl bears the royal arms with supporters and a ribbon below.

The only Coronation Cup now among the City plate is that of Charles II,
mentioned in Ellis's Bill of Costs. It has the same ornamentation as the City
Mace, and bears the following inscription : ' Donum Regale Domini Nostri Caroli
Secundi D. G. Angliae Etc. Regis Augustissimi Coronationis festo in Botelaria
Servienti Sampsoni White, Militi Civitatis Oxonford Majori, subito flagrante
rebellione fidelissimo.' Silver gilt with cover, loS oz. 10 dwts. Sir Sampson
White, Mayor of Oxford, 1660 and 1665, was the great-grandfather of Gilbert
W'hite the naturalist of Selborne.



BILL OF COSTS OF CHARLES ELLIS 231

minute of its having been re-presented to him ' as a token of
gratitude for his services to the city '.

In looking down the long list of Coronation Mayors of
Oxford, many of whom have recording tombstones in our
older parish churches (Mr. Herbert Parsons was buried in
S. Mary the Virgin's), one wonders whether the publication of
this document may not be the means of bringing to light
other documents bearing on other Coronations, and redis-
covering other cups of which there must have been several.

In most cases two pages of MS. go to make one of the
printed pages.

The variations and mistakes in the spelling are reproduced
from the original MS.

F. Williams.

Oxford, 1904.



Q 2









^"flEftT HUBS-r-^''



Oxford Coronation Cups, 1821



THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF OXFORD
TO CHARLES ELLIS

The Coronation

1821, /k//^ 20. Attending at the Heralds College to see £ s. d.
Sir George Naylor as to an Appointment with the City
Solicitor when I was referred to Sir George's office in
Downing Street 068

Attending at Sir George Naylor's Office in Downing
Street White Hall and making Appointment for the City
Solicitor to see him on the morrow and receiving the
Earl Marshalls summons to the Mayor of Oxford requir-
ing his attendance with eight Citizens of Oxford at the
Coronation . . . . . . . . .0134

Attending on Mr Lockhart at Hendersons Hotel con-
ferring with him on this business and making appointment
for the City Solicitor to meet him on the morrow . .068

Coach hire to & from Westminster . . . .060

Attending afterwards on the City Solicitor on his arrival
in Town to apprise him of the appointment . . .068

Attending the City Solicitor & taking full & special
instructions to make enquiries relative to the rights &
duties of the City of Oxford as Joint Buders with the City
of London to his Majesty at the ensuing Coronation

; ^...^9 4

and also to wait upon the City of London to ascertain
whether they could convey the Mayor of Oxford & Depu-
tation in their State Barge to Westminster Hall on the
morning of the Coronation & generally to cooperate with
them in their previous arrangements . . . .0134

June 25. Attending on M's Harper in Cannon Row
Westminster to inform him [sic] that the Mayor & Depu-
tation would have no occasion for her beds & appartments
at the Coronation 068

Boat hire . . . . . . . . .016

Attending on M^ Tyrrell the Remembrancer of the City
of London in long conference on the enquiries directed to
be made by the City Solicitor and particularly as to the
Dresses to be worn by the Lord Mayor and Citizens at
the ensuing Coronation & whether the Mayor of Oxford
and Deputation could accompany the City of London in
their state Barge to Westminster Hall when M^ Tyrrell
directed me to call on him on the morrow at 10 o'clock
& said he should have the determination of the City on
that point & promised further information as to Dresses
in the course of 3 days . . . . . . .0134

Coach hire Do. . . . . . . . .030

I 17 10



234 COLLECTANEA. IV

Writing to the City Solicitor a very full account of the £ s. d.
result of my interview with M^ Tyrrell . . . .076

June 26. Attending on M^ Tyrrell this day at Guildhall
in long conference on the result of his communication with
the Court of Aldermen when he stated that the Court had
come to a resolution to permit the Mayor of Oxford &
Deputation to accompany them in their Barge if sanctioned
by the Earl Marshall and other Officers connected with the
Ceremony which he promised to apply for & making
appointment with him on Friday next to know the result of
his application to the Earl Marshall & to confer more fully

upon the Dresses . .0134

Coach hire «fec 030

Writing the City Solicitor the result of this interview .050
June 27. Having received further instructions herein
Writing the City Solicitor thereon . . . . .050

June 29. Attending on M^ Tyrrell this day pursuant to
Appointment when he stated that no objection wd: be made
by the Earl Marshall &c to the proposed arrangement
for the accommodation of the City of Oxford and con-
ferring with him as to dress when he referred me to M^ 013 4
Moore of Basing Lane Cheapside (one of the intended
deputation from the City) for more particular information



on that head & requested me to meet him on 3rd of
July for further information

Attending accordingly on M^" Moore a considerable time
and obtaining from him much information and a pattern of
the intended Court Dress 0134

Attending afterwards on M^ Serman a Clothier from
Oxford and giving him full instructions hereon and accom-
panying him to various Tradesmen in different parts of
the Town in order that he might be enabled to purchase the
necessary articles Engaged with him upwards of three hours 110

Attending at the House of Lords on the Lord Great
Chamberlain and at the Earl Marshal's for more particular
information as to the Costume of the Deputation when I
was requested to furnish the Earl Marshal with a written
communication .0134

Attending on the Surveyor of the Board of Works & the
Clerk of the Works to know what places were allotted for
the Mayor & Deputation when they informed me the
arrangement was not yet made by the Council but that a
plan of the Hall would soon be printed and they would
furnish me with a Copy 0134

Attending in S. James's Street on His Majesty's Cutler to
bespeak eight Court Dress Swords and enquiring the terms 068

3 7 «



BILL OF COSTS OF CHARLES ELLIS 235

Attending at several places & making enquiries for £ s. d.
Carriages &c for the Mayor and Deputation Engaged
all day from morning till night i 1 1 6

Coach hire and Coffee House Expenses . . .0156

Writing to the City Solicitor the result of my labours this
day & for further instructions 076

June 30. Attending on JMr Sirman this day and after-
wards at Mr Moores in Basing Lane on the result of our
enquiries as to the Court Dress &c & to ascertain what
kind of Buckles would be worn by the Citizens of London
when he stated they were going to meet on the subject on
Monday next & requested me to call on him on Thursday
to know the result 0134

Coach hire . . . . . . . . .016

Writing with a full account of the Dress & for various
particulars preparatory to an application to the Earl Marshall
to know whether the Deputation ought to attend in their
Robes 076

July 2. Writing in reply to the City Solicitor's letter of
yesterday & to request attention to a Notice in the London
Gazette issued by the Earl Marshall of the necessity of
persons summoned to attend delivering in a statement of
their intention so to do preparatory to Tickets being issued 076
for them and that I would make enquiries at the Earl

4 4 4



Marshals hereon & to ascertain whether the Mayor &
Deputation would be affected by this notice

Attending at the Earl Marshals office to make the
necessary enquiries when I ascertained that it was necessary
to send in a written statement of the intention of the Mayor
& Deputation attending at the Coronation & that an
application must likewise be made for Tickets in writing . 013 4

Coach hire to & fro 050

Writing formal letter accordingly to Lord Henry Howard
Molyneux the Deputy Earl Marshal & copy to keep . .076

Attending in Downing Street to deliver same personally
to his Lordships Secretary . . . . . .068

July 3. Attending on Mr Tyrrell in long conference on
the arrangements to be made for the reception of the City
of London & City of Oxford at Westminster Hall when he
stated he could not yet get any positive information either
from the Deputy Earl Marshal or Lord Great Chamberlain
but was in expectation of receiving some information by
Thursday & he requested me to call on him on Friday



Online LibraryLouis HouckCollectanea, fourth series ; → online text (page 21 of 34)