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Carlton House when I requested him to see Sir George in
the Evening & making appointment for me to accompany
him to Messrs Rundell & Bridge which he promised to do
forthwith . . . . . . . . .0134

Coach hire &c this day . . . . . .046

September 19. Attending on M^ Mash this morning at
the Lord Chamberlains oflSce at 9 o'clock conferring with
him a considerable time about the Bowl & Cover when he
pledged himself to give orders to Messrs Rundell & Bridge
for it (if not previously made) agreeably to the instructions
furnished by me to him . . . . . . .0134

Attending at Sir George Naylers in Hanover Square to
have apprized him thereof but he was from home & leaving
letter for him thereupon . . . . . . .0134

Attending afterwards at Rundell & Bridges to inform
them of the result of my interview with M^ Mash & making
appointment with them to see me & Sir George Nayler on
the morrow . . . . . . . . .0134

Attending at the Heralds College on M^ Woods & making
appointment with him to see Sir George Nayler on the
morrow at 8 o'clock at his residence in Hanover Sq. .068

Coach hire &c . .046

September 20. Attending on Sir George Nayler this
morning pursuant to appointment when it was agreed we
should meet at Rundell & Bridges in the afternoon . .01-34

Attending with Sir George Nayler at Rundell & Bridges
accordingly & giving them full instructions for the new
Bowl & Cover. Engaged a considerable time . . . o 13 4

4 15 8



258 COLLECTANEA. IV



Writing hereon & for drawings of the City Arms also of £ s. d.
the Mayors in order that they might be put on the Bowl &
Cover Also for drawings of the Dresses worn by the Mayor
& Deputation at the Coronation in order that Sir George
Nayler might have similar ones inserted in the w-ork
intended to be published by him of an account of the
Coronation . . . . . . . . .076

Coachhire &c this day . . . . . . .040

September 22. Attending at the Heralds College for the
Maple Cups & afterwards on Mess^'s Rundell & Bridge
giving them full instructions to pack up same & the Bowls
& Covers & to inform me when the same were ready also
to send their amount to me & I would pay it . . .0134

September 24. Attending on M^ Robinson on his
furnishing me with impressions of the City seals & the
Mayors Arms & taking his instructions thereon . .0134

Writing to the City Solicitor hereon & to know whether
I should forward the Bowls & Covers by the Blenheim
Coach or otherwise . . . . . . . .050

September 25. Attending on Sir George Nayler with the
impressions of the City Seals & the Mayors Arms & con-
ferring with him a considerable time thereon also confer-
ring with Sir George Nayler about the drawings w'hen he
stated he had mislaid those made by him & requested me
to direct Mess" Rundell & Bridge to forward him the
Bowls & Covers with the least possible delay . . . o 13 4

Attending on Mess" Rundell & Bridge with instructions
to forward the Bowls & Covers to Sir George Nayler forth-
with when they stated that they would not be completed
before Saturday they also informed me that they had not
yet received an official Order from M*" Mash for the Bowl
& Cover & that it was expected he would leave London for
France on the Morrow when they advised me to see him
forthwith & urge his immediate attention to the business . 013 4

3 9 10



BILL OF COSTS OF CHARLES ELLIS 259



Mr Mash having then a multiplicity of business on his £ s. d.
hands Mess" Rundell & Bridge hinted that I\Ir I\Iash was
thinking of assigning a Bowl & Cover then made by
Rundell & Bridge but which they stated was not made for
the jNIayor .........

Attending at the Lord Chamberlains ofSce immediately
when I had an Interview^ with M^ INIartin who positively
assured me the order should be given forthwith when I
requested the Bowl might be made after the fashion of
King Charles's when he stated he would particularly remind
Mr Mash of the wnsh of the Mayor but hinted that these
matters were under the personal consideration of His
IMajesty . . . . . . . . . .0134

Coach hire &c . . . . . . . .046

September 26. Attending on Sir George Nayler this
morning to inform him of the result of my interview with
Mr IMartin at the Lord Chamberlains Office which he
directed me to follow up without loss of time when he
stated that he had since found the drawings of the Bowls
& Covers Copies of which he would furnish me he also
promised to send to Rundell & Bridge a sketch of the
intended Bowl & Cover o 13 4

Attending on ]\Ir Bridge when he stated he had not then
received the desired Order but recommended me to go
immediately to the Lord Chamberlains . . . .068

Attending accordingly at the Lord Chamberlains in long
conference with M'" Mash when he requested to see me &
]\Ir Bridge on the Morrow in order that we might finally
decide about the Bowl & Cover . . . . .0134

Attending afterwards on Mr Bridge to inform him thereof
he agreed to accompany me . . . . . .068

Coachhire &c . . . . . . . .050

September 27. Attending accordingly this day pursuant
to appointment on INI"^ Mash at the Lord Chamberlains
office with Mr Bridge when we had a long conversation as to
the weight of the New Bowl & Cover when M^ ]\Iash pro-



26<s COLLECTANEA. IV



posed to let it stand over till the Kings return from Hanover £ s. d.
which I strongly protested against, it was at length agreed
to have the Bowl & Cover the same weight as M^ Two-
pennys being upwards of 1 1 2 Ounces Strong objection was
likewise made to the Bowl & Cover being made of a Richer
Cast than M^" Twopennys as it might be produced as a
precedent for the future but this was at length. . . . Engaged
a considerable time . . . . • • . i i o

Attending afterwards at the Heralds College on Sir George
Nayler to inform him hereof and to request he would for-
ward the Drawing of the intended Bowl & Cover to Rundell
& Bridge which he promised to do on the morrow . .0134

Attending afterwards at Messrs Rundell & Bridge to
apprize them that the Drawing would be forwarded to them
by Sir George Nayler & conferring with them as to the
extra expense that would incurred personally by the IMayor
if the Bowl & Cover was made according to the workman-
ship of the present day when they promised to reconsider
the matter & requested to see me on the Morrow in order
that they might make an Estimate thereof . . .0134

Coach hire &c this day 076

Writing to the City Solicitor to apprize him I had
obtained an order for the Bowl & Cover & that I would
write him fully on the business tomorrow . . . .050

Sepiemher 28. Attending on Sir George Nayler in
Hanover Square this Morning very early on the subject of
the fashion of the intended Cup when he produced a design
to me which I thought very appropriate he stated that there
was some ditTerence in the impressions of the City Arms &
those originally registered Searching for & inspecting same &
making appointment to meet Sir George in the afternoon
at Rundell & Bridges 0134

Attending accordingly on Sir George Nayler & M^" Bridge
upon the intended Cup when several alterations were made

3 13 6



BILL OF COSTS OF CHARLES ELLIS 261



in the design & it was finally agreed upon & making £ s. d.
appointment to See Sir George on the Morrow & M^
Bridge to confer on the extra expense that would be in-
curred in making the Cup according to the design & work-
manship of the present day. Also instructing Messrs
Rundell & Bridge to Pack up the Bowls & Covers & Maple
Cups . . . . . . . . . .0134

Writing to the City Solicitor the result of yesterday & to-
days proceedings very fully . . . . . .076

Coach hire &c 046

September 29. Attending on Messrs Rundell & Bridge
about the Drawing of the intended Cup finally settling same
with them & conferring as to the extra expense that would
be incurred if made according to the design taking from
them full instruction thereon to communicate to the Mayor
& paying them their Bill for mounting the Maple Cups &
burnishing the 2 Bowls & Covers • . . . . o 13 4

Attending on Sir George Nayler communicating to him
the result of my interview with Rundell & Bridge which he
thought very satisfactory & conferring with him also as to
the Arms of the City and the Mayors Arms when he fur-
nished me with extracts from the Heralds College thereon
& full instructions to communicate to the Mayor he also
gave me the drawings of the Old Cups. Engaged a con-
siderable time . . . . . . . . .0134

Having received an Official Communication from the Lord
Chamberlains stating that M^ Mash had given Official
Orders to Messrs Rundell & Bridge Writing in reply
acknowledging receipt & that I had a very satisfactory
interview with Mess'^ Rundell & Bridge thereon . .050

Attending to deliver same at the Lord Chamberlains .034

Coach hire &c & with Package containing the Bowl &
Covers to my residence . . . . . . .086

.^ 8 10



262



COLLECTANEA. IV



September 30. Coachhire with Package to George & Bue £ s. d.
Boar 066

Extra Carriage of Same per Blenheim Coach & to Haseley
House 036

October i. Attending on the City Solicitor & delivering
into his Custody the Bowls & Covers . . . .068

Attending on M' Parsons several times conferring on
drawings of the intended Cup which he fully approved &
the other matters connected therewith & taking his final
instructions thereon . . . . . . . o 13 4

October 2*]. Carriage of Parcel from the City Solicitor . 022

Writing to the City Solicitor to forward me the Draw-
ings left with Mr Parsons as I could not give the necessary
instructions to Mess" Rundell & Bridge for the Bowl &
Cover 050

Drawing out & Engrossing Bill of Costs & Cash account
& 2 Copies being very voluminous 3 3°

Paid Postage of letters up to this day & other Petty dis-
bursements &c & paid Tin Box for Papers . . -3185



£8





£


s. d.


Fo I


I


19 4


2


I


17 10


3


2


7 2


4


3


7 8


5


4


4 4


6


2


5 10


7


3


6 8


8


3


6 10


9


3


4


10


3


18 6


II


4


17 10


12


3


19 2


13


4





14


4


5 2


15


4


10 2


16


4


12 6


17


2


17 6



59



BILL OF COSTS OF CHARLES ELLIS



263





£ s. d.


Brought forward


59 6


Fo 18


3 14 2


19


400


20


4 15


21


634


22


304


23


6 17 6


24


• 19 15 4


25


5 8 8


26


3 14


27


5 3 4


28


3 19 8


29


2 II 6


30


14 5 4


31


3 10 2


32


620


33


5 9 4


34


302


35


2 17 6


36 .


308


37


3 I 6


38 .


2 13 4


39


4 II 4


40


3 5 10


41


4 19 6


42


5 5 8


43


426


44


4 II 4


45


4 15 8


46 . .


3 9 10


47


3 2 10


48 . .


3 13 6


49


3 8 10


50


8 18 7


Total


£226 8 9



Ellis's 2 Rects left with M^ Walsh Sep. 11 1824. H. P.

182 1, 28 Dec : £8. 8. o deducted from this & pd to the city pr.
Mr Ellis by P. W.



S 2



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THE sheet opposite is a fac-similc vepro-
duction of a certificate of admission to
the Freedom of the City of Oxford !;raiited
to Andrew Hnde Ridiardson.

The orijjuial document is on ])arclnnent.
Mith the City Seal in red wax in the middle
of the Mayor's sifc'iatnrc. and hears dale
June 26, 181 1.

The admission to the Freedom was by jim-
rhase, and the fine ]iaid was forty guineas.











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PART VI

[MS. BoDL. Add. A. 262.]

COACHING

IN AND OUT OF OXFORD

FROM 1820 TO 1840

BY

A CHIP OF THE OLD BLOCK

(WITH ANECDOTES AND REMINISCENCES)

IN HIS 75TH YEAR

[I. E. WILLIAM BAYZAND, FOR MANY YEARS JANITOR AT THE
CAMERA RADCLIVIANA]



[purchased in 18S4 FROM THE WRITER]




n^ n/uA hi; I • o/ierfAc rnarmrr cftm,yi/^entict ta <HrTY /rofn tAf

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Ac jip^rf^ntice tnutrtp
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ti/-rI*cna/tv,ani^eAc *

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FORM of Indenture of Apprenticeship
of George Shepherd to John Taylor of
Oxford, Freeman and Joiner, dated May U.
IT.iS, admitted to the Freedom, 1762.

The father of George Shepherd being
dead, it was necessary for him to be appren-
ticed to a Freeman in order that he might
subsequently be enrolled and practice his
trade within the City.

* Nares, G., Town Clerk of Oxford,
September, ]7J-6-July, 1756, afterwards
Recorder. By an ancient custom, recently
discontinued," the Town Clerk put his sur-
name only as signature to official documents.



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MAIL, COACH, AND HORSES.



INTRODUCTION p. i

My coaching days are past for ever, and sooner or later
I must expect to run my last journey down the hill ; and I
simply thought, before departing, I should like to give, to the
best of my humble endeavours, to the rising generation, some
little account of coaching, and coaching anecdotes, remini-
scences, &c.

In the good old palmy days, when Oxford could boast of
having, in and out, every twenty-four hours, royal mails and
coaches, numbering seventy-three, — I believe, at one time,
we had more ; my memory will not further serve me, — and
when I saw, as I did some time ago, a coach standing before
the Mitre Hotel, Oxford, with four splendid horses, — Blyth,
Esq., a first-class dragsman, the owner, the coach painted
yellow, — the old fashion[ed] colour, — lettered * Oxford and
Cambridge,' the horn-basket slung in its proper place, the
guard, horn in hand, blow most perfectly the old coach-call,
and recognising him to be a son of one of our old coachmen,
Edward Cracknell, that once drove the Tantivy from Oxford
to London, it certainly did call to memory the good old
coaching times. I think there's very few left to tell the
story that they ever drove a coach by day or night, or ever
horsed a coach in good or bad times, or ever occupied the
hind seat as guard. If there are any left of the old school,
and should [they] by chance read my simple account, [they] p. 2
will think with me that coaching in the olden time was not all
delight: at times it was fraught with great risk and a large
amount of difficulty. In introducing my Reminiscences, I
hope to tell them that, should there be any left, [they] will



268 COLLECTANEA. IV

look with wonder on things nowadays. Oh, if I had the
ability of a Dickens or Thackeray to state, in the way I
should like, circumstances that happened on the road, made
out in a much better manner ! But being only a coach-guard,
you must not expect to get blood out of a post. Therefore, I
shall leave it to my indulgent readers to take the will for the
deed, and to kindly look over all imperfections. I have no
doubt some will say many of my little tales are stupid, and
by no means amusing ; still, they are all as they were, given
truly, and some of them in my hearing. Are there any in
the year 1883 that have ever ridden on a coach since 1830?
There is not a great number left. I do not think there are
many living to tell the story. For death has made the
number very short ! Those that are left must be old men. I
am one of the old ones left. 40 or 50 years is a long time to
look back upon, and years have passed by like a flash of
lightning. I am one spared, and the Old Chip has witnessed
many things that took place fifty years ago, that will never
3 be repeated any more. From those times, most things are
gone. Coaches, coachmen, guards, horse-keepers, inns, and
toll-gates, are all gone for ever. And if the roll-call were
sounded for the muster of the old ones, — lovers of coaching, —
the ranks would be very short indeed ! I have at last told all
I can remember, trusting — if I have given any amusement to
my readers, I shall be perfectly satisfied, — that I have achieved
[success] in my endeavours to please, in my feeble attempt to
describe coaching and coaching reminiscences, anecdotes, &c.

By W. Bayzand,

Guard of the Mazeppa Coach, from London,
THROUGH Oxford, to Hereford.



COACH AND HORSES.

The first London coach that I recollect was Bobart's, the Balloon, p.
from the Alfred's Head Inn, High Street, Oxford, adjoining University
College, now called University Hall. Bobart horsed and drove the
coach, and was called 'the classical coachman,' being a graduate of
the University of Oxford. Fares at that time, 25^-. inside, i8s. outside ;
when the coaches ceased running, fares 12s. inside, 8s. out.

The Ship Inn, Ship Street, Oxford, was, at one time, a great
coaching and wagon office.

I have seen, with great delight, in the hunting season, some 40
or 50 years ago, in Turl Street, gentlemen from Lincoln, Exeter, and
Jesus Colleges, upwards of forty hunters and hacks waiting, and most
of the men turn out dressed in pink ; and at Canterbury Gate, Oriel
and Merton Colleges, double the number. In those days, if you
walked a little distance on the road, you would see a dozen or more
tandems ready to take gentlemen on to cover.

A Load the old Stage-coach used to carry. p.

People nowadays have no notion of a coachload in the palmy
times, nor have they the slightest notion of what heavy loads the
coaches, at most times, did carry, without ocular demonstration.
I have started from the White Horse Cellar, Piccadilly, London, on
my road to Oxford, through Cheltenham, Gloucester, and Ross, to
Hereford, month after month, in the summer season, with four inside
and twelve out ; coachman, fifteen stone, myself, eleven ; with as
much luggage [as] I could stack on the roof ([and] as we were allowed
to carry by Act of Parliament) — securely made fast with four wide,
leather straps, covered and made waterproof with tarpaulin ; the front
and hind boots full, the iron behind full, and covered with water-
proof; with cradle slung on the hind axle-tree, full of fish — and [on]
every available part of the coach, packages of all kinds hanging on the
lamp-irons, and ladies' bandboxes, with light articles, strapped on
the seat-irons. The weight of all Oxford-built coaches being about
eighteen cwt., — and [they] would carry the heaviest load you could
put on, without the slightest rocking or rolling, — with the living
freight, luggage, &c., the four horses had behind them something like



270 COLLECTANEA. IV

p. 6 two ton[s] and a half. As a matter of course, you must remember
we always had a pair or a jolly horse to give us a lift up most of the
hills. It was surprising to see the packages strewed on the ground,
and wonder where they could all be put in so short a space of time
by the guard, and everything in its proper place ; and, with all the
heavy loads, I never had a mishap, or anything like a broken spring,
or a breakdown of any kind. Our usual time for changing horses
was little over the minute, the coachman keeping his seat, the horse-
keeper and guard handing him the reins, with the well-known word *
of the guard, 'Right,' and woe betide the passenger that left his
seat! — he stood a good chance of being left behind. We were
speaking of Acts of Parliament. Many [are] the times passengers
have complained of their small, cramped-up seat-room allowed. My
answer was, 'That is all the space Parliament has granted you.'
My memory will not serve me to tell you the actual width, but
I think, at a guess, five foot, six inches, for four people, little or big.
I always considered [it] was very much too confined to be anyways



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