Lucius R. (Lucius Robinson) Paige.

History of Hardwick, Massachusetts. With a genealogical register online

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Online LibraryLucius R. (Lucius Robinson) PaigeHistory of Hardwick, Massachusetts. With a genealogical register → online text (page 31 of 73)
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Newell A. Bacon . .
Alonzo P. Brewer .
Charles H. Chandler
John Devlin ....
Ebenezer W. Gleason ^
James H. Gleason^ . .
John L. Gore ....
Charles E. Mahar . .
John W. Parker * . .
Alden Rawson . . .
George \Y. Richardson .
Joseph D. Richmond .
George W, Robinson ® .
Alfred D. Ruggles « . .
Eugene Southworth
Francis Spooner . . .
James B. T. Tupper^ .



Age.
25
30
44
18
21
25
43
36
26
18
18
18
24
21
22
21
21
18



Date of Muster.

Nov. 20, 1861.
Feb. 9, 1864.
Dec. 15, 1861.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Aug. 26, 1864.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Dec. 2, 1861.
Jan. 20, 1862.
Aug. 25, 1864.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Aug. 10, 1864.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Dec. 10, 1861.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Nov. 20, 1861.
Nov. 20, 1861.



Date of Discharge.
Jan. 10, 1863.
Sept. 9, 1865.
March 11, 1864.
July 22, 1865.
Sept. 2, 1862.
Sept. 9, 1865.
Aug. 2, 1864.
Feb. 8, 1864.

Aug. 4, 1865.

Sept. 9, 1864.

Jan. 8, 1863.

Sept. 9, 1865.

Aug. 27, 1863.

Sept. 9, 1865.

April 22, 1864.

April 16, 1862.

Nov. 19, 1864.

Sept. 9, 1865.



22 Nov. 20, 1861. June 30, 1863.



32c? Regiment Infantry {three years), 1862.
Frederick L. Taylor « ... 20 July 18, 1863. May 27, 1864.



Michael Muldoon



42 June 27, 1864. June 29, 1865.



33c? Regiment Infantry (three years), 1862.
Calvin C. Deane, Sergeant^ . 25 Jan. 7, 1865.

34^A Regiment Infantry (three years), 1862.

William H. Tucker, Corporal 22 July 31, 1862. June 16, 1865.
Dwight Cleveland .... 18 July 31, 1862. July 16, 1865.
Samuel D. Peck ^0 .... 25 July 31, 1862. Feb. 11, 1864.

36iA Regiment Infantry (three years), 1862.
Barnes Brighara, Sergeant . 26 Jan. 2, 1864. Dec. 15, 1864.



^ Frank S. Knight died at New Or-
leans, January 10, 1863.

2 Ebenezer W. Gleason died at Baton
Rouge, La., August 2, 1863.

* James H. Gleason transferred to
Veteran Reserve Corps.

* John W. Parker, died at Fort Jack-
son, La., January 8, 1863.

^ George W. Robinson died at New
Orleans, April 22, 1864.



6 Alfred D. Ruggles died at Ship Isl-
and, Miss., April 16, 1862.

^ James B. T. Tupper joined the Navy.

8 Frederick L. Taylor died May 27,
1864.

^ Calvin C. Deane "never joined Reg-
iment."

1° Samuel D. Peck transferred to Vet-
eran Reserve Corps.



286



HISTORY OF HARDWICK.



Names.
Thomas "Winn, Corporal ^
Augustus T. Barnes ^ .



Age. Date of Muster.
21 Jan. 2, 1864.
2G Jan. 2, 1864.



Date of Discharge.
Junes, 1865.
June 8, 1865.



42rf Regiment Infantry (iiine months), 1862.

George J. Sanger, 1st Lieut.^ 36 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

William A. Perry, Sergeant . 41 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Harmon C. Spooner, Sergeant 34 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

William F. Alden, Corporal . 32 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Henry A. Spooner, Corporal. 24 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Charles J.Wood, Hosp. Stew. 33 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Lauriston Barnes 21 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Warren J. Barnes .... 31 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Wilder U. Barnes .... 22 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Frederick W. Burgess ... 20 Sept. 30, 1862. Aug.

Frederick A. Cobb .... 39 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Samuel S. Dennis .... 29 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Hiram B. Douglass .... 35 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Chiron J. Elwell .... 19 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Rodolphus W. Homer ... 18 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Samuel Johnson 29 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Samuel King 44 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Samuel W. Knight * ... 28 Oct. 14, 1862. May

Sardius J. Sibley 33 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

James M. Smith 28 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Joseph P. Snow 34 Oct. 14, 186^ Aug.

Stuart M. Stafford .... 31 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Albert S. Sturtevant ... 19 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Andrew J. Thayer .... 29 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Elmer M. Thayer .... 20 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Samuel E. Thayer .... 22 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

Josiah W. Witt 20 Oct. 14, 1862. Aug.

42o? Regiment Infantry (100 days), 1864.

Frederick A. Cobb, Sergeant 40 July 16, 1864. Nov. 11, 1864.

Henry P. Aiken 19 July 22, 1864. Nov. 11, 1864.

Frank H. Cleveland ... 19 July 22, 1864. Nov. 11, 1864.

James B. Conkey .... 18 July 16, 1864. Nov. 11, 1864.

John Harper 18 July 16, 1864. Nov. 11, 1863.

h\st Regiment Infantry (jiine months), 1862.

Franklin Nye 22 Sept. 25, 1862. July 27, 1863.



20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
24, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.
20, 1863.



1 Thomas Winn transferred to 56th
Regiment Infantry, June 8, 1865.

2 Augustus T. Barnes transferred to
56th Regiment Infantry, June 8, 1865.



8 Rev. George J. Sanger was appointed
chaphvin, November 6, 1862.

* Samuel W. Knight died at Brashear
City, La., May 24, 1863. _



MILITARY HISTORY.



287



56th Regiment Infantry (three years), 1863.

Names. Age. Date of Muster. Date of Discharge.

Thomas Wiun, Corporal . . 21 Jan. 2, 1864. July 12, 1865.

Augustus T. Barnes . ... 26 Jan. 2, 1864. July 12, 1865.

Thomas Penny 23 March 10, 1864. June 27, 1865.

Qlst Regiment Infantry (one year), 1864.

George C. Howe, Musician . 17 Jan. 9, 1865. June 16, 1865.
Bernard McHeough . ... 22 Jan. 7, 1865. July 16, 1865.
Richard Roland 21 Jan. 9, 1865. June 19, 1865.

3c? Battalion Riflemen {three months), 1861.
John Wheeler, 2d .... 31 May 19, 1861. Aug. 3, 1861.

6th Battery Light Artillery (three years), 1862.
William H. Hunter 1 ... 25 Dec. 18, 1861. Dec. 13, 1862.

^th Battery Light Artillery (six months), 1862.
Chas. G. Bartholomew, Corp. 19 June 3, 1862. Nov. 29, 1862.

IQth Battery Light Artillery (three years), 1862.

Henry H. Granger, 1st Lieut.
Asa F. Richardson, Corpor
Norman H. Butterfield
Harmon Newton ^
George W. Parks
Leverett Pierce .
"Waldo Pierce * .
John M. Ramsdell
Timothy G. Redfield'
Alvah F. Southworth
James L. W. Thayer



al



47


Aug. 20, 1862.


Oct. 30, 1864.


28


Sept. 9, 1862.


June 9, 1865.


22


Sept. 9, 1862.


June 9, 1865.


31


Sept. 9, 1862.


Sept. 18, 1864


18


Sept. 9, 1862.


June 9, 1865.


26


Sept. 9, 1862.


June 9, 1865.


24


Sept. 9, 1862.


Jan. 1, 1865.


29


Sept. 9, 1862.


June 9, 1865.


34


Sept. 9, 1862.


Aug. 25, 1864.


19


Sept. 9, 1862.


June 9, 1865.


25


Sept. 9, 1862.


June 9, 1865.



14:th Battery Light Artillery (three years), 1864.
Joseph Atwood 43 Feb. 27, 1864. June 15, 1865.



1 William H. Hunter died at New Or-
leans, December 13, 1862.

2 Lieutenant Granger was wounded at
Hatcher's Run, October 27, 1864, and
died three days afterwards at City Point,
Va. His body was brought home, and
the town, November 8, 1864, adopted
appropriate resolutions and ordered a
public funeral. The Adjutant General's



Record represents Lieutenant Granger to
have been brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel.

8 Harmon Newton died at Washing-
ton, D. C, September 18, 1864.

* Waldo Pierce transferred to Veteran
Reserve Corps, January 1, 1865.

' Timothy G. Redfield " missing in
action," August 25, 1864.



288 HISTORY OF HARDWICK.

IQth Battery Light Artillery (three years) , 1864.

Names. -^(/e. Date of Muster. Date of Discharge.

Anson S. Comee, Sergeant^ . 21 March 11, 1864. April 3, 1865.

2d Regiment Heavy Artillery (tliree years), 1863.

James Higgins 19 July 29, 1863. Sept. 3, 1865.

William M. Smith .... 37 July 18, 1864. Sept. 3, 1865.

2c? Regiment Cavalry (three years), 1862.
Michael Cameron 2 .... 25 Jan. 26, 1863. Feb. 6, 1863.

Ath Regiment Cavalry (three years), 1863.

Robert W. Davis, Sergeant ^ . 23 March 1, 1864.

Peter Grib, Sergeant 'i . . . 23 March 1, 1864. May 14, 1864.

James B. Wade, Q. M. Serg.^ 21 March 1, 1864. Aug. 12, 1864.

Henry C. Hack, Corporal . . 34 March 1, 1864. Nov. 14, 1865.

Robert Bailey 21 March 1, 1864. Nov. 14, 1865.

William Hickey 21 March 1, 1864. Nov. 14, 1865.

James 0. Mahoney « ... 21 March 1, 1864. May 1, 1865.



Dennis Murphy . .
William H. Mayhugh
Albert S. Sturtevant
John Watts
Stephen Wickizen .



Regular Army.

22 Sept. 10, 1864. 1st Artillery.
33 Aug. 26, 1864. 2d Artillery.
21 Jan. 31, 1865. 3d Artillery.

23 Aug. 11, 1864. 11th Infantry.
21 Sept. 8, 1864. 11th Infantry.



Head-stones are erected in the cemetery in memory of other
soldiers, namely : —

Edgar J. Cummings, aged 20, died at Newbern, N. C, Jan. 14, 1863.
Henry C. Granger, aged 22, killed at Williamsburg, Va., May 5, 1862.
Asa G. Sturtevant, aged 27, died at New York, October 28, 1862.
Dexter Z. Tinney, aged 33, killed at the Wilderness, May 6, 1864.

And the Town Records show that —

Orin C. Trow, aged 34, died at Washington, D. C, October 27, 1864.

There was an early organization of militia in Hardwick, first
in a single company, afterwards in two, and during the Revolu-
tionary period in three companies. About 179-1 the number was

1 Ansou S. Comee deserted, April 3, * Peter Grib deserted, May 14, 1864.
1865. ^ James B. Wade died in hospital,

2 Michael Cameron deserted, February August 12, 1864.

6, 1863. ^ James 0. Mahouey deserted, May 1,

8 Robert W. Davis was commissioned 1865.
second lieutenant August 6, 1864.



MILITARY HISTORY. 289

reduced to two, styled the South (or First) and North (or Sec-
ond) Companies, divided by the road which afterwards became
a turnpike. Befor* 1781 I have not found any record of election
of officers, except by the town in 1774 ; but from other sources
it is ascertained that the following persons held the office of
captain as early as the dates affixed to their respective names :
Joseph Allen, 1740 ; Benjamin Ruggles, 1747 ; Timothy Rug-
gles,^ 1754 ; Constant Merrick, 1755 ; Samuel Robinson, 1755 ;
Paul Mandell,^ 1755 ; Joseph Warner, 1758 ; William Paige,
1759 ; Ebenezer Cox, 1762 ; John Ruggles, 1771 ; Daniel
Wheeler, 1771 ; Jonathan Warner,^ 1774 ; Samuel Billings,"^
1774 ; Simeon Hazeltine, 1774 ; Stephen Rice,^ 1775 ; Thomas
Robinson, 1775 ; Timothy Paige,^ 1776 ; Barnabas Sears,'^ 1776 ;
Samuel Dexter, 1776 ; Daniel Warner, 1776 ; Josiah Locke,
1776 ; Edmund Hodges, 1777 ; Denison Robinson, 1778 ; Nathan
Leonard, 1778.

In 1781, after the adoption of the Constitution of Massachu-
setts, the militia was reorganized, and a roster of officers was
commenced ; from which it ajjpears that Jonathan Warner was
commissioned as one of the three major-generals in the Com-
monwealth, June 28, 1781 ; and Timothy Paige as colonel of
the Fourth Regiment in Worcester County, July 1, 1781 ; and,
also, the following named officers of their respective com-
panies : —

1 Timothy Ruggles was a captain long (Barre), Pequaog (Athol), Petersham,

before he removed to Hardwick in 1754. New Braintree, Western (Warren), and

He enlisted a company in 1740 for service Brookfield. Under date of "Rntland,

in the West Indies, consisting almost en- April 10, 1759," Lieutenant-ColonelJohn

tirely of Indians, as appears by the muster Murray certified that several soldiers of

roll still preserved in the Massachusetts Colonel Ruggles' regiment, in each of

Archives. He was duly commissioned these towns, had enlisted for service in

captain; but his company was disbanded the Invasion of Canada. Mass. Arch.,

because a larger number of companies xcvii. 111.

had been organized than the exigency re- " 'Qrig-AdQ major, March 13, 1778;

quired, and thus escaped the destruction styled colonel, November 17, 1774.

which befel almost all who embarked on ^ Colonel, 1774; brigadier-general, Feb-

the expedition. It is not certainly known ruary 13, 1776; major-general, June 28,

whether he commanded a company of 1781.

militia in Hardwick ; but it appears that * Afterwards major,

he was not only colonel and brigadier- ^ Lieutenant-colonel, April 10, 1776.

general in the army, but that he also ^ Colonel, July 1, 1781.

commanded the regiment which embraced ^ Major and lieutenant-colonel in the

Hardwick, Rutland, Rutland District regular army. .
19



290



HISTORY OF HAKDWICK.



Names.


2d Lieutenant.


1st Lieutenant.


Captain.


James Paige . . .


_




July 1, 1781.


Isaac Fay . . .


-


July 1, 1781.


-


Samuel Beals-^ . .


July 1, 1781.


-





John Hastings . .


-


-


July 1, 1781.


Edward Kuggles .


-


July 1, 1781.


Jan. 17, 1784.


Benjamin Ruggles .


July 1, 1781.


-


-


Ephraim Pratt .


-


-


July 1, 1781.


Joel Johnson . .


-


July 1, 1781.


-


Earl Flagg . . .


July 1, 1781.


-


-


Elijah Warner . .


-


-


May 23, 1783.


Antipas Rice . .


-


May 23, 1783.


-


James Paige, Jr.^ .


May 23, 1783.


-


Jan. 17, 1784.


Jabez Cobb . . ,


-


Jan. 17, 1784.


-


Timothy Paige, Jr.


Jan. 17, 1784.


-


May 30, 1788.«


John Wheeler . .


-


Jan. 17, 1784.


Sept. 1, 1789.


Samuel AVhipple .


Jan. 17, 1784.


-


-


James Lawton . .





Oct. 15, 1786.^






Names.



John Raymond .
John Jenuey .
Daniel Ruggles .
Seth Ilinkley, Jr.^
Moses Hunt .
Isaac Stowell
David Pratt . .
Nathan Freeman
Francis Jenks .
John Campbell .
Charles Paige .
James Paige, 3d
Timothy Billings ^
Daniel Billings, Jr.
Jonathan Warner
Samuel Dexter, Jr.
Barnabas Hinkley
Thomas Wheeler, Ji
William Walker .



Ensign.



Sept. 16, 1788.

Sept. 1, 1789.

July 2, 1792.
July 2, 1792.

July 24, 1794.



Sept. 24, 1794.
Aug. 20, 1795.

Sept. 25,1795.
June 14, 1800.
May 5, 1801.



Lieutenant.



Sept. 16, 1788.
July 2, 1792.
Sept. 1, 1789.
Sept. 18, 1792.
July 2, 1792.



July 24, 1794.

Sept. 24, 1794.
June 14,1800.

May 5, 1801.

Aug. 3, 1801.



Captain.



July 2, 1792.
July 24, 1794.

June 14, 1800.
Sept. 24, 1794.

May 5, 1801.
Sept. 25, 1795.

Aug. 26, 1806.

Aug. 3, 1801.



1 Deputy quartermaster- general, with ^ Adjutant, September 18, 1792; major,
rank of major, November 2, 1787. June 16, 1800.

2 Major, December 19, 1791. <^ Major, August 13, 180G.

8 Captain of Cadets; see forward. " Major, May 8, 1811; lieutenant-col-



* Commissioned as adjutant.



onel commandant, July 12, 1813.



MILITARY HISTORY.



291



Names.



Uel Thayer . .
Thomas Egery .
Moses Allen . .
Benjamin Paige
Daniel Mandell .
Luther Paige
Samuel Billings^
Ezra Riiggles .
Benjamin Jenkins
Mason Mandell .
ApoUos Luce
Jonathan Webb .
Daniel Wheeler
Brigham Ruggles
Elbridge Cutler «
Joseph Allen, 3d
Nathan Perry .
Zenas Phinney .
James Danforth *
Charles Lee . .
John Gilbert
Moses Whipple, Jr.
Martin Mandell .
Timothy Fay, Jr.
Crighton Ruggles
Calvin Jenney .
John Raymond .
Willard Allen .
David Aiken, Jr.
Joseph Knox
Benjamin J. Cobb
David C. Paige .
Sylvester Bowen
Thos. P. Anderson
Elmer B. Miles .



Ensign.



June 7, 1803.

May 5, 1807.

Mar. 17, 1808.
April 4, 1809.
June 3, 1811.
Jan. 7, 1813.

May 4, 1813.
May 3, 1814.
May 3, 1814.
May 18, 1815.



Sept. 16,1816.
Sept. 16,1816.
Feb. 26, 1817.

May 15, 1818.
May 4, 1819.
May 4, 1819.

Aug. 28, 1820.
May 12,1821.
July 10, 1824.
April 5, 1826.
July 11,1827.
Aug. 8, 1829.

Aprils, 1833.
May 6, 1834.

Aug. 13, 1835.



Lieutenant.



Aug. 26, 1806.
April 4, 1809.
July 6, 1807.
June 3, 1811.
Jan. 7, 1813.

May 3, 1814.
May 4, 1813.
May 3, 1814.
May 18, 1815.



Aug. 21, 1815.=
Aug. 23,1816.
Feb. 26, 1817.



Feb. 5, 1818.

May 12, 1821.
Aug. 28, 1820.



July 26, 1824.
April 5, 1826.
June 28, 1827.
Aug. 21, 1829.
Apr. 5, 1833.
Apr. 17, 1830.S
May 6, 1834.

May 5, 1835.

Mar. 6, 1837.«



Captain.



April 4, 1809.
Jan. 7, 1813.
June 3, 1811.



May 4,1813.
May 18, 1815.



Sept. 24,1816.



Feb. 5, 1818.



Aug. 28, 1820.

July 10, 1824.

Aug. 28, 1820.

April 5, 1826.
June 28, 1827.
Aug. 6, 1829.
April 5, 1833.
May 6, 1834.

May 5, 1835.



The old North (or Second) Company was disbanded February
18, 1824, and a company of riflemen was organized. Officers
were elected as follows : —



1 Major, August 27, 1816; lieutenant- * See Riflemen,
colonel commandant, April 9, 1817. ^Adjutant.

2 Commissioned as adjutant. ^ Adjutant.
« Major, May 30, 1820; lieutenant-
colonel commandant, May 2, 1821.



292



HISTORY OF HARDWICK.



Names.


Ensign.


Lieutenant.


Captain.


James Danforth ^
Walter Mandell
Luke Earl . .
Joseph Burgess, 2d
Joseph Whipple "
Apollos Rich 2 .
Jason Haskius .
Orin Trow . .
Z. F. Shumway
William C. Wesson
Eufus P. Chase




May 15, 1824.
Aug. 11, 1825.
May 5, 1829.
Feb. 24, 1830.
May 4, 1830.
Aug. 24, 1831.
June 29, 1833.
Sep. 20, 1833.
May 2, 1837.


May 15, 1824.
Aug. 11, 1825.
May 5, 1829.

May 4, 1830.

June 29, 1833.
Sep. 20, 1833.
May 2, 1837.


May 15, 1824.
Aug. 11.1825.
May 5, 1829.

Feb. 24, 1830.
June 29, 1833.

Sep. 20, 1833.
May 2, 1837.



Soon after the reorganization of militia in 1781, a company of
cavalry was formed in the regiment, which then included the
present towns of Hardwick, New Braintree, Oakham, North
Brookfield, Brookfield, West Brookfield, and Warren. Its Hard-
wick officers were as follows : —



Names.


Cornet.


Lieutenant.


Captain.


Joseph Bruce . .


Aug. 26, 1806.


May 5, 1807.




Joshua Lawrence .


_


June 12, 1809.


_


Stephen W. Paige .


-


-


Aug. 22, 1812.


John Lawton . .


Feb. 19, 1816.


_


Jan. 23, 1819.


Joseph Robinson ^ .


May 11, 1819.


Sep. 20, 1819.


July 12, 1823.


Warren Smith . .





Aug. 16, 1825.


May 1, 1828.



After the suppression of the Sliays Insurrection in 1787 (in
which the Hardwick militia were sadly divided in opinion and
action), the staunch friends of government seem to have felt the
necessity of organizing an independent company, which could be
relied upon to act unanimously, in case of emergency, and which
might be a body-guard to the major-general. The Council
Records, under date of May 30, 1788, show that "His Excellency
communicated to the Council a letter from Major General War-
ner, recommending the establishment of a Company of Cadets in



1 Major, June 10, 1825.

2 Colonel, May 24, 1833.

8 Major, August 26, 1833; lieutenant-
colonel, August 14, 1835.



* Lieutenant-colonel, June 13, 1825 ;
colonel, June 27, 1827.



MILITARY HISTORY. 293

the Seventh Division under his command, and asked the advice
of Council. The Council advised that His Excellency issue his
orders for the establishment of said Company." On the same
day the necessary orders were issued, the company established,
and officers commissioned, to wit : —

Timothy Paige, Jr., of Hardwick, Captain, . . May 30, 1788.

Samuel French, " " First Lieutenant, May 30, 1788.

Jeduthun Spooner, " " Ensign, . . May 30, 1788.

Wyman Hoyt, of New Braintree, Second Lieutenant, June 25, 1788.

To this company, and to the company of cavalry before men-
tioned, a complimentary reference was made in the " Massachu-
setts Spy," October 14, 1790 : " On Tuesday, the fifth instant,
the Fifth [Fourth ?] Regiment of the First Brigade, under Col-
onel Paige, with Captain Felton's Cavalry^ and Captain Paige's
Cadets, paraded at Brookfield. They were favored with fine
weather, and every officer and soldier was fired with extraordi-
nary military ardor, and the troops exhibited a variety of mili-
tary movements greatly to their honor."



CHAPTER XV.

STATISTICS.

Population. — Tax in 1776. — Valuation. — Manufactures and Agricultural
Products. — George H. Gilbert Manufacturing Company. — Furnaces. —
Forge. — Paper Mills.

Population. The General Court, on the 9th of December,
1776, passed a Resolve, requiring a census to be taken of all
males, sixteen years old and upwards, distinguishing such as were
Quakers, Indians, Negroes, or Mulattoes. The following return
was made on the back of the broadside upon which the resolve
was printed : " In obedience to the within Order, we have num-
bered the male inhabitants of the town of Hardwick, as within
directed, and find the number to be three hundred and forty-six
white or English inhabitants, and one mulatto man. We have
no Quakers, no Indians, and no Negroes.
" Hardwick, ) « Thomas Robinson, Selectman.

Jan. 31, 1777. ) Samuel Dextek, ) Committee of

David Allen, ) Correspondence.

" Worcester, ss. Jan. 31, 1777. Capt. Thomas Robinson,
Capt. Samuel Dexter, and Ensign David Allen, made oath, that
in executing the within order of the Great and General Court,
they have acted uprightly, faithfully, and impartially, according
to the best of their knowledge. Before me, Paul Mandell,
Justice of the Peace." ^

The special object of this census manifestly was to ascertain
the military strength of the State, and to furnish a basis for re-
quiring a fair proportion of soldiers from each town during the
war of the Revolution. Other enumerations have been made
periodically for more general purposes. The population of this
town gradually increased during the first century after its settle-
ment, then decreased until manufacturing was established at
Gilbertville ; since which time, although the agricultural com-

1 Mass. Archives, clxi. 132, 133.



STATISTICS.



295



raunity has probably diminished, the manufacturers have more
than supplied the deficiency ; so that the sum total, as exhibited
by the last census, exceeds that at any former period.



1765,


1,010.


1830,


1,888.


1860,


1,521.


1776,


1,393.


1837,


1,818.


18G5,


1,967.


1790,


1,725.


1840,


1,789.


1870,


2,219.


1800,


1,727.


1850,


1,631.


1875,


1,992.


1810,


1,657.1


1855,


1,523.


1880,


2,237.2


1820,


1,836.











Tax iisr 1776. — The original assessment of a tax dated
January 30, 1776, is preserved in the archives of the town. The
polls were rated at 2.9. 6d. each. The rate of taxation on
property is not mentioned ; but the sum total of the tax, after
deducting the amount assessed on the polls, exhibits the relative
liability of the tax-payers to bear the public burdens at the
commencement of the Revolutionary War. The "North Side"
and the " South Side " were separated by the county road
(afterwards a turnpike) from the Old Furnace to Greenwich
Village.

NORTH SIDE.



Joseph Allen , . .
David Allen . . .
Joseph Allen, Jr.
John Aniraiilown ^ .
Philip Ammidown .
Zaccheus Atwood .
John Bradish . .
Seth Bangs . .

Daniel Billing . .
Abiathar Babbit . .
John Bradish, Jr. .
William Bassett
Adna Bangs . . .
Jedediah Bassett
Seth Blanchard . .
Joseph Bowman . .
John Bachelor . .
Edward Clark . .
Benjamin Cox . .



£ s. d. q



10 8 3

17 9 3

9 5 3

10 11 1

7 11
5 5

8 4
5 6 1

15 10

12 2 I

8 10 1

11

9



Gideon Carpenter ,
Nathan Carpenter ,
Ephraim Cleaveland, Jr.
Edward Chaloner .
Ebenezer Chipman .
Gardner Chandler .
Uriah Convers . .
John Canady . .
Samuel Dexter . .
Wid'' Mary Dean .
Paul Dean ....
Charles Doolittle .
Job Dexter . . .
Zurishaddai Doty .
Jonathan Danforth .
S tephen Forbes . .
Daniel Fay . . .
John Freeman
Eli Freeman . .



£ S. ft. qr.



10
3
8
2
2
7
3
2
14
1
9
7
8
12
17
14
15
2
4



1 In 1801, the town parted with a con- now about 3,000. Gilbertville alone is
siderable portion of its territory and in- supposed to contain about 1,500 iuhabit-
habitants, at the incorporation of Dana. ants.

2 In consequence of the great increase ^ The mode of spelling the names is
of business at Gilbertville since 1880, the preserved: also the order in which they
population of the whole town is probably are inserted.



296



HISTORY OF HARDWICK.





1


£


s.


i qr.




1


£


.■J.


d. qr.


Watson Freeman . . .







4


9


2


William Perkins . . .







4


10 3


Reuben Fay , . .











6


4


1


Capt. Benjamin Ruggles .







16


5 2


Earl Flajrg . . .











5


10





James Robinson ....








9


7


Daniel Fay, Jr. . .











2


6





James Rogers ....







5


2 2


Stephen Gorham






2





7


7


1


Benjamin Ruggles, Jr. .







13


6 2


Jonatlian Glazier .











2


8


2


Benjamin Riig<:lcs, 3d







6


6 3


Shearjashiib Gooilspee


(1









2


8


2


Thomas Ruggles . . .







3


9


Simeon Hazeltine .











6


11


3


Joseph Ruggles ....







6


9 1


Andrew Haskell .











n
1


8


2


Edward Ruggles . . .







13


9


Elisha Hedge . . .











3


2


3


Joseph Ruggles, Jr. . .







2


8 2


Edmund Hodj^es .






2





14


9


2


Nathaniel Ruggles . . .







2


6


Nehemiah Howard .






2





8


7


3


Edward Ruggles, Jr. . .







7


4 3


John Hastin>,'s . .






2





11


5



Online LibraryLucius R. (Lucius Robinson) PaigeHistory of Hardwick, Massachusetts. With a genealogical register → online text (page 31 of 73)