Lucius Annaeus Seneca.

The satire of Seneca on the Apotheosis of Claudius commonly called the Apocolocyntosis; online

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logorum Bonnensium. His is the most complete
overhauling of the traditional text. Various de-
tached critical contributions had been made in
recent years by which he could profit; but his
own emendations are important and, for the most
part, needless to say, convincing. Conspicuous is
the instance in chapter 10, where, in a meaningless
string of Greek letters, he finds inverted the proverb
which appears in the Paroemiographi Graeci as
Vow Kvr)\i7\'^ e^^iov.



EDITIONS AND COMMENTATORS 99

Biicheler's comparisons of the manuscripts led
him to give more unquaUfied preponderance to that
of St. Gall than had any of the other editors, and
he follows it throughout with comparatively few
exceptions. Seneca's authorship of the satire, and
its identity with the work alluded to in Dio, Ix. 35,
he regards as beyond gainsaying, and accordingly
Apocolocyntosis is the title which he uses. His
historical and literary notes add much to the store
of material already accumulated.

His text he has reprinted, with some minor
changes, in his smaller edition of Petronius in 1871,
1882, and 1895.

Literary appreciation of a work like Seneca*s
satire is perhaps more freely indicated in trans-
lations than in textual criticism. In this direction
more has been done by the French; the remark
is a commonplace that they among modern readers
of Seneca have most entered into his feeling for
style and sententious finish. The wit of the bur-
lesque on Claudius they have perhaps not the less
appreciated, for regarding it less on its problematic
and philological sides.

Notable among the Frenchmen who have trans-
lated the Apocolocyntosis is Jean Jacques Rousseau.
His and Erasmus's are the two great modern liter-
ary names with which the piece has special asso-
ciations, Erasmus possibly owing the suggestion
of proverbs from it among his Adagia to the fact
that his edition of Seneca's works was the first to



100 THE SATIRE OF SENECA

include the newly recovered satire. Rousseau's
Traduction de V Apocolokintosis is of no great
scientific consequence. It was possibly written for
practice in composition, as he says was his trans-
lation of the first book of Tacitus, in connection
with which he so cheerfully admits the possibility
of error : entendant mediocrement le Latin, et son-
vent n! entendant point mon auteur. He adds some
notes, but makes small pretence of investigation.
For instance, in speaking of the passage, Phormea
Graece, etc. (according to the traditional reading,
c. lo), which, with more frankness than some com-
mentators, he simply says that he does not under-
stand at all, he mistakenly thinks that he might
have got some help from Erasmus's Adages, but
had not access to them. The main significance
of the translation is its evidence of Rousseau's
liking.

Another French version, more interesting on its
own account, is that of V. Develay of the Biblio-
theque Ste. Genevieve, a minute volume published
by the Acad^mie des Bibliophiles in 1867. This is
apparently based on the text in the Lemaire edi-
tion of Seneca. Other translations ^ appear in the
numerous editions of Seneca's works in French.
Among the more recent German translations may
be noted that given by A. Stahr as a documentary
appendix to his Agrippina. Still later is the Italian

1 Duruy, in his Histoire des Romains (Vol. III. p. 551), gives an
extended resume of the Apocolocyntosis in its historical connection.



EDITIONS AND COMMENT^ATQR^ . . . JQI,

version by Verdaro, which is based upon Biicheler's
recension of the text.

In English a translation of the Apocolocyntosis
has but very lately been published. It is by For-
rest Morgan, in a collection called the Universal
Anthology {iS()()-i(^2)\ its readings are not from
the most recently edited texts. The well-known
version of the Works of Seneca by Thomas Lodge
(London, 1620, etc.) does not contain the satire.^

If a classification were to be made of the com-
mentators who, either in editions or in detached
notes, have contributed to the criticism of the
Apocolocyntosis y it might fairly be by way of recall-
ing Lipsius's dream on the emenders of the clas-
sics, according to their inclinations to explain
things as they are or fix them as they should have
been. From disputed passages in the text an
interesting list could be gathered of philological
motes rather too easily cast out, including for
instance such as aeqtie Homericus (c. 5), con-
demned by Biicheler, Wehle, and Wachsmuth,
Ltigudtmi natus est (c. 6), by Mahly and Wachs-
muth, iusserat illi colhim praecidi (c. 6), rejected
by Biicheler in his edition of 1864, but in his later
text made an integral part of the thought by a
rearrangement of the sentences, aut ex his qtios
alit ^€LScopo<; apovpa (c. 9), branded as a gloss by
Heinsius, Scheffer, Wachsmuth, etc., and numer-

1 Merivale quotes from it extensively in his History of the
Romans under the Empire (ch. 50).



Ip2 THE SATIRE OF SENECA

ous others. In proposed changes in the text, the
line is of course difficult to draw between a clever
conjecture and a convincing correction, and inge-
nuity is apt to carry more than its due weight.
An example of this kind, it seems to me, is
Biicheler's Tiburi for tibi in chapter 7, which is
interesting but not required. In general the im-
provements of the text have been to a great extent
a process of eliminating the interpolations which
appeared in the editio princeps, some of which the
manuscripts exhibit in varying degrees, but from
which the St. Gall and Valenciennes codices^ as the
oldest, are most nearly free. Another important
matter has been the identification of the omitted
or hopelessly corrupt Greek quotations.

Such a work as our satire is of course largely
a matter of allusion only partially capable of eluci-
dation. And it is a graceless editorial function
to say at every turn, this is the point of the joke,
and incidentally, it was first seen and recorded by
such and such a commentator. Yet after all, the
points are the main thing, though that they should
become altogether obvious now is not to be ex-
pected. As a result of the unstinted efforts of the
critics to make them so, there appear to us fairly
defined gradations, from very palpable hits, through
probable and possible hits, down to matters which
bear no sign of being hits at all. Occasionally, as
has been realized with some modern authors, a
passage may be made to mean too much; this



EDITIONS AND COMMENTATORS IO3

seems to be the trouble with such an emenda-
tion as that of omnia monstra (c. 6) to iicnonia
monstra.

In reading three-hundred-year-old annotations
upon a work which still invites to similar effort,
one is struck by the difference between the atti-
tude of the men of the early classical revival and
that of the typical philologian of the last half-cen-
tury. The style of commentary which consists
chiefly in calling attention to scntentiae elegantes
and their kind has of course long gone out of
fashion. Yet though it is easy and not very use-
ful, it does indicate an enjoyment of its classic
material no less real than ostentatious. It seems,
too, quite possible that the most exact scholarship
has not always succeeded in making the most of
the chestnuts which it has managed to pull out
of the fire. The simplicity of the earlier day led
to various naYvet6s, some of them due perhaps to
the deterrent effect of writing in a language whose
current idioms had become proper in propor-
tion as they were hackneyed ; the respectable
schoolman, adapting his ideas to the phrases the
classical flavor of which would unimpeachably
show his appreciation of style, satisfied himself
with little or pleased himself with much, as one
may choose to put it. But when the method of
dealing with the classics as a mesh of scientific
problems has passed a certain point, the claims of
simple appreciation, aided by all that the other



I04 THE SATIRE OF SENECA

has done for its psychological requirements, renew
their force. The Apocolocyntosis, for its part, will
serve quite as well for entertainment as for a mine
of philological material.

I have perhaps gone to too great a length in
introducing it, to avow my purpose in the quaint
words of Rhenanus, quo magis ad se lectorem . . .
invitet. This, however, is to be desired. For
while the Apocolocyntosis cannot precisely be called
a representative specimen of Seneca's works, its
place in them is important. Belonging as it does
to his relations with two emperors, it is not only
intimately connected with his life as a statesman,
but cannot be overlooked in the true representa-
tion of his temper as a philosopher.



BIBLIOGRAPHY

EDITIONS OF SENECA'S WORKS,
Since the Inclusion of the Ludus: a Partial List^

Opera Utriusque Seneca, Basileae, 151 5; fol. (Erasmus's first
edition ; containing the Scholia ad Ludum by Beatus Rhe-
nanus) .

The same, Basil., 1529; fol. (Erasmus's second ed.).

The same, Basil., 1537 ; fol. (Erasmus's third ed.).

* L. Annaei Senecae Philosophi, etc. Opera quae extant

omnia, Coelii Secundi Curionis vigilantissima cura casti-

gata, etc., Basileae, 1557; fol. (containing with the Ludtis

the Scholia of B. Rhenanus, and the annotations of Curio and

of Hadrianus Junius).
L. Annaei Senecae Opera, cum notis M. Antonii Mureti, etc. ;

Romae, 1585; fol.
L. Annaei Senecae Philosophi et M. Annaei Senecae Rhetoris

Opera quae exstant omnia (with selected notes) — curante

Nic. Fabro, Parisiis 1587; fol.

* L. Ann. Senecae Philosophi Opera quae exstant omnia —

huic editioni accesserunt Summaria, etc. — Auctore
Dionysio Gothofredo, Basileae, 1590; Svo (The works
of Seneca Rhetor are in this edition all included under the
name of L. Ann. Sen. ; the text of the Ltidus is not
annotated).
L. Annaeus Seneca a M. Antonio Mureto correctus et notis
illustratus. Acced. Animadversiones — lani Gruteri.

^ Works that are marked with an asterisk have been examined
in the preparation of the present edition.

105



I06 THE SATIRE OF SENECA

Heidelb., 1593; fol. (containing also the works of M. An-

naeus Seneca, collated by Gruter with the texts in the Palatine

library).
L. Ann. Senecae Philosophi Opera quae exstant omnia, a

Justo Lipsio emendata, etc., Antverpiae, 1605 ; fol.

(Lipsius's first ed.).
The same, Antverpiae, 161 5 ; fol. (Lipsius's second ed.).
L. Ann. Senecae Philos. et M. Ann. Senecae Rhet. quae

exstant opera, Amstelodami et Lugduni Batav., 1619;

8vo (prefixed is the oration of D. Heinsius de Stoica philo-

sophia; with selected notes, including those of Rhenanus,

Faber, and Junius to the Apocolocyntosis),

* L. Ann. Senecae Philosophi Opera omnia, ex ultima J. Lipsii

emendatione et M. Ann. Senecae Rhetoris quae exstant,
ex Andr. Schotti recens, Amstelodami, 1628 ; (2 volL).
L. Ann. Senecae Philosophi Opera, a Justo Lipsio emendata
et scholiis illustrata. Aucta Liberti Fromondi scholiis
ad Quaestiones Naturales et Ludum de Morte Claudii
Caesaris, Antverpiae, 1632 ; fol. (Lipsius's third ed.)

* The same, Antverpiae, 1652 ; fol. (Lipsius's fourth ed.).

The text of Lipsius's third edition was used in several other edi-
tions, among them the Elzevir i2mo of Ley den (Lugduni
Batav.) 1640.

L. Ann. Senecae . . . Opera omnia, ex ult. J. Lipsii et J. F.
Gronovii emendat, et M. Ann. Senecae quae exstant, ex
A. Schottii recens (Elzevir), Lugduni Bat., 1649; 3 volL,
l2mo (Gronovius's first ed.).

♦The same (Elzevir), Amstelodami, 1659; i2mo (Gronovius's
second ed.).

* M. et L. Annaei Senecae Opera, (Elzevir) Amstelodami,

1672 ; 8vo (containing the notes of Lipsius and Gronovius,
and others selected, including those of Fromond to the

* ATTOfCoXoKlJj'TWtrts) .

Based upon the above were the editions of Leipzig (Lipsiae),
1702, 1 741, and 1770, with selected annotation (Weid-
mann, 8vo).



BIBLIOGRAPHY IO7

* L. Annaei Senecae Philosophi Opera ad optimas editiones

collata, Biponti, 1782; 4 voll., 8vo ; praemitiitur notitia
liter aria studiis Socieiatis Bip07ttinae .

* L. Annaei Senecae Philosophi Opera omnia quae supersunt.

Recognovit et illustravit Frid. Ern. Ruhkopf, Lipsiae,
1797-1811 ; 5 voll., 8vo.

* Omnia Opera quae vulgo exstant sub nomine L. A. Senecae ;

(Part I, edited by M. N. Bouillet, with his own and selected
notes, largely from Ruhkopf, and with an extensive Index
Liter arius), in Bibliotheca Classica Latina (Lemaire),
Parisiis, 1 827-1 832.

* L. Annaei Senecae Opera ad libros manuscriptos et impresses

recensuit, commentaries criticos subiecit, etc. C. R. Fick-
ert, Lipsiae, 1 842-1 845 ; 3 voll., 8vo.

* L. Annaei Senecae Opera quae supersunt recognovit, etc.

Frid. Haase, Lipsiae, 1852 seq,; 3 voll. (Teubner).

* L. Annaei Senecae Opera, etc., ed. Holtze, Lipsiae, 1869-

^^^9 5 5 voll. (Tauchnitz).

* Lucius Annaeus Seneca des Philosophen Werke, ubersetzt

von J. M. Moser, A. Pauly, u. A. Haakh; Stuttgart,
1828-185 1 ; (Spottschrift iiber den Tod des Kaisers Claudius
in B'dchen 8, Moser, 1829).

* CEuvres completes de S^n^que le Philosophe, avec la tra-

duction en frangais de M. Nisard [E. Regnault, and
others], Paris, 1863. On p. 375, Facetie sur la mort de
Qaude Cesar, vulgairement appelee Apokolokyntose, traduc-
tion nouvelle par M. Haureau.

* CEuvres completes de S^neque le Philosophe ; traduction

nouvelle par MM. Ajasson de Grandsagne, Baillard,
Charpentier, etc. BibHoth^que Latine-fran^aise publi^e
par C. L. F. Panckoucke, voll. 140-147. In Vol. 141,
Paris, 1833, Facetie satirique sur la mort du Cesar Claude,
vulgairement appelee Apokolokyntose; traduction nouvelle
par M. Ch. du Rozoir. Later editions of this appeared in
1860-1861 and 1867-1873.



I08 THE SATIRE OF SENECA

* CEuvres completes de Sdn^que le Philosophe ; traduction

nouvelle avec une notice sur la vie et les Merits de Tauteur
et des notes par J. Baillard; 2 torn., Paris, 1860-1861.
In Vol. I, p. 265 : Apotheose Burlesque du Cesar Claude,
vulgairement dite Apokolokyntose.

SEPARATE EDITIONS OF THE SATIRE

* Lucii Annaei Senecae in morte Claudii Caesaris Ludus nuper

repertus, Romae, MDXIII ; 4to, Editio Princeps, with dedi-
catory letter by the editor, C. Sylvanus Germanicus; see p. 92.

Ludus L. Annaei Senecae de morte Claudii Caesaris nuper in
Germania repertus cum Scholiis Beati Rhenani; with
Synesius Cyrenensis de Laudibus Calvitii and Erasmi Rotero-
dami Moriae Encojnium ; Basil., MDXV. ; 4to.

The same, Basil., 1517 and 1519, 4to; i52i,8vo; 1522, 4to; Paris,
1524, 4to.

L. Ann. Senecae Ludus in mortem Claudii Caesar, cum Scho-
liis B. Rhenani, Basil., 155 1 ; 8vo.

L. Ann. Senecae 'ATroKoXoKwroxris, Lutetiae, ap. Fed. Morel-
lum, 1597; 8vo.

De Morte Claudii Caesaris Ludus, in Satyrae Elegantiores
Praestantium Virorum, Lugduni Batav., 1655 ; i2mo,
torn. I, p. 214.

* Tres Satyrae Menippeae (Senecae Apocolocyntosis^ Lipsii Som-

nium, Cunaei Sardi Venules) y with notes by Gottl. Cortius
(Korte), Lipsiae, 1720.
Traduction de TApokolokyntosis de Sdn^que, par I'abb^
Esquieu ; dans les Mdm. de Littdr. et d'Histoire, par de
Moletz, Paris, 1726, vol. I. [hidex Lit., Ed. Lemaire.]

* Poematia quaedam Senecae Philosophi ex Apocolocyntosi,

in Corpus Poetarum Latinorum (Opera et Fragmenta
Veterum Poetarum Latinorum), London, 1713; fol.
The same (?) reprinted, 1721.

* Apokolokyntosis oder des Lucius Annaeus Seneca Spott-

gedichte oder Satyre Uber den Tod und die Vergotterung



BIBLIOGRAPHY IO9

des Kaysers Claudius ; verdeutscht und erlautert durch
Fr. Chr. Neubur (with Latin text), Leipzig, 1729.

* Traduction de TApocolokintosis \^sic\ de S^n^que, J. J.

Rousseau, CEuvres, Geneve, VoL II, 1781 ; Paris, 1839,
VoL V ; etc.

* L. A. Senecae 'ATroKoXoKwrcDo-t? sive Ludus in mortem

Claudii Caesaris, etc., a Fr. Erg. Guasco illustratus, Ver-

cellis, 1787.
L. Annaeus Seneca, Apokolokyntosis, oder Satyre auf Kaiser

Claudius Vergotterung, ubersetzt und erlautert, C. G.

Sonntag; in Zur Unterhaltung der Freunde der alten

Litteratur, 2 Heft (p. 69), Riga, 1790.
Vergotterung des Kaisers Claudius nebst einer hingehorenden

Stelle aus den Sprichwortern des Erasmus, libers, von Ad.

Groninger, MUnster, 1798.

* L. Annaei Senecae Apocolocyntosis, denuo recensita et an-

notatione illustrata, dissertation by L. C. E. Schusler,
Utrecht, 1844.
E. Guthling : des L. Ann. Seneca Apokolokyntosis ubersetzt
und erlautert; Gymn. Prog., Minden, 1861.

* Divi Claudii 'ATroKoXoKvvrcoo't?, eine Satire des Annaeus

Seneca herausgegeben von Franz Blicheler, in the Symbola
Philologorum Bonnensium, Fasc. i (p. 31), 1864.

* Revised text by the same with his Petronius, Editio Minor,

Beriin, 1871, 1882, 1895.

* Sdn^que : Apocoloquintose, fac^tie sur la mort de I'empereur

Claude ; Traduction nouvelle par Victor Develay, Paris
Academie des Bibliophiles, 1 867.

* Senecas Apocolocyntosis, Ubersetzt von Ad. Stahr ; in his

Agrippina, Berlin, 1867 (p. 307 seq.).

* L. Annaei Senecae de morte Claudii Caesaris ludus vulgo

dictus 'A7roKoAoKWTa)o-t9, Augustae Taurinorum, 1877.

* Divi Claudii Apocolocynthosis, Satira di Anneo Seneca

tradotta ed illustrata da G. Verdaro, Roma — Firenze —
Torino (E. Loescher), 1886 ,• 8vo/



no THE SATIRE OF SENECA

* Seneca's Apocolocyntosis, transl. by Forrest Morgan ; in the

Universal Anthology^ London and New York, 1 899-1 902
(Vol. vii.).

' Detached Commentaries, Criticisms, etc.

* ASBACH, J. : Die Consulate der iulisch-claudischen Kaiser bei

Sueton. Rh. Mus. (N. F.), 35, 174. (Note, p. 182.)

* Baehrens, Emil: Kritische Satura^ Jahrbb. f. class. Phil.

105 (1872), 627.

* Baumstark, a. : Varro und Seneca, Philol. xviii, 543.

* BiRT, Th. : De Senecae apocolocyntosi et apotheosi lucubratio

(Ind. Lect. Acad. Marpurgensi, hib. 1 888-1 889), Mar-
purgi, 1888.

* Boissieu, a. de : Inscriptions Antiques de Lyon, Lyon,

1846-1854 (pp. 125, 133 seq., 365).

* BOXHORN, M. Z. : Quaes tiones Romanae, xv, Lugd. Batav.

1636; in Thesaur. Antiq. Rom., Venetiis, 1732.

* Bucheler, Fr. : Coniectanea Critica, Rh. Mus. (N.F.)

13, 573-

* Id. : Bemerkungen uber die varronischen Satiren, Rh.

Mus. (N.F.) 14^/19; (esp. p. 447)-

* COLLIGNON, A. : Etude sur Petrone, Paris, 1882 ; (esp. pp.

26-31 and 309-311).

* Crusius, Christianus: Probabilia Critica, Lipsiae, 1753;

pp. 169-170.

* Diderot, D. : Essai sur les r^gnes de Claude et de Neron

et sur les moeurs et les ecrits de Sen^que, 2 vol., London,
1782, etc.

* Erasmus, D. : Adagiorum . . . chiliades Quattuor, etc.,

Colon. Allobrogum, MDCXII, (published earher, 15 15);
chil. I, cent, iii, l ; cent, v, 10.

* Flo GEL, C. F. : Geschichte der komischen Litter atur, 4 vol.

Leipzig, 1784-1787; Vol. II, pp. 32-37.
FriedlXnder, L. : Coniectanea in Senecae Sat. Menipp.
(Index Lect. Univ. Kdnigsberg,hib. 1873-1874), Konigs-
berg, 1873.



BIBLIOGRAPHY III

* Id. : Der Philosoph Seneca^ Historische Zeitschrift (N. F.)

49 (1900). 193-

* Gertz, M. C. : Adnotatiunculae criticae in libellum satiri-

cum qui nunc vulgo inscribitur Apocolocyntosis, Jahrbb.
f. class. Philologie, 137 (1888), 843.

* Haupt, M. : Op2iscula, Vol. II, Lipsiae, 1876 ; pp. 281-285.

(Index Lect. hib. 1864 incipit, p. 267.)

* Havet, E. : DApocolocyntose de Senlque^ Rdv. politique et

litteraire, 7 Fevr. 1874.

* Heinsius, D. : Dissertatio de libello L, Annaei Senecae in

Claudium^ sive Claudii Apocolocyntosi, et praesertim de
inscriptionis causa ; with his Orationes, Lugduni Batav.,
1620, 1627, etc. ; (in ed. of 1620, p. 490 seq.),
Heumann, C. a. : Index Expurgatorius ad Se7iecae 'Attoko-
Ao/cvvTCDcrtv ; in Acta Erud., Lips., Suppl. VI, 296.

* Jonas, F. : Zu Seneca ; Hermes, vi, 126.

lUNius, Hadr. : Animadversa, I, 17, in Gruteri Lamp, crit.,
vol. iv. p. 342 seq, (tt. Ruhkopf ,& Schusler. Cf. ed. Senecae
Oper. 1557).

* Klebs, E. : Das dynastische Element in der Geschicht-

schreibung der romischen Kaiserzeit, Historische Zeit-
schrift (N.F.), 25 (1889), 215.
Kraffert : JVeue Beitrdge z, Krit. u. ErkL lat. Aut.j Ver-
den, 1888 (t. Wachsmuth).

* Leutsch, E. v. : Seneca {?) Apocolocynt,, c. 9; Philologus,

xxviii (1869), 85.

* LiNDEMANN, F. : Emendationes ad L. Annaei Senecae Ludum

in mortem Claudii Caesaris (in mem. Gasp. Seligmann),
Zittaviae, 1832.

* LiPSius, J. : Episiolicarum Quaestionum Liber II, Epist. 24.

(Ludovico Carrioni) in Lipsi Opera Omnia, Vol. I, Ve-
saliae, 1675.

* Lysander, a. Th. : Questiones Criticae et Grammaticae

(Diss. Inaug.), Lundae, 1863 ; pp. 68, 70, 75.

* Mahly, J.: Zur Kritik lateinischer Texte, Basel, 1886;

p. 24 seq.



112 THE SATIRE OF SENECA

* Merivale, Ch. : History of the Romans under the Empire ^

New York, 1875 5 (c- 50, fin.).
Orelli, I. C. : Epistola Critica ad Madvigium^ prefixed to his
edition of Cicero's Orator ^ Brutus, etc., Turici, 1 830.

* Otto, A. : Die Sprichw'drter und sprichw'drtlichen Redens-

arten der R'dmer^ Leipzig, 1890 ; (passim).

* Riese, a. : Jahresberichte, 24 {Die menippeischen Satiren),

Philologus, xxvii (1868), 321.

* RossBACH, O.'. De Senecae Philosophi librorum recensione et

emendatione, ///, de Apocolocyntosis codice Valenciennensi,
in Breslauer Philologische Abhandlung, 8 Bd., Breslau,
1888.
Rutgers, J. : Variarum Lectionum (t. Schusler) Libri VI^
Leyden, 161 8.

* Scheffer, Jo. : Notae in L. Annaei Senecae Apocolocynto-

sin^ in his Lectionum Academicarum Liber, Hamburgi,
1675. The same in his Miscellanea, Amstelaedami {sic\,
1698.

* SCHENKL, K. : Beitrdge zur Kritik des L. Annaeus Seneca,

Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissen-
schaften (Philosophisch-historischen Classe), Wien, Bd.
44 (1863), 3.

* Schmidt, ^.\ Zu Senecas Apocolocyntosis, Jahrbb. f. class.

Philol., 93, 551.

* Id. : Zur Apokolokyntosis, Rh. Mus., N. F. 33, 637.

* TuRNEBUS, Adr. : Adversariorum libri xxiiii, Paris, 1564;

(passim).
UssiNG, J. L. : Kritiske Bemaerkninger til Senecas Satire over
Claudiuses Apotheose, Tidskrift for Philologi og Paed. II
(1861), 333.

* Vavaseur, Fr. : De Ludicra Dictione liber, Paris, 1658 ;

p. 245.

* Wachsmuth, C. : Zu Senecas Apocolocyntosis, Leipziger

Studien, 11 2, 337.

* Wehle, VJ,: Zu Senecas ludus de morte Claudii, Rh. Mus.,

17 (1862), 622.



SENECAE APOCOLOCYNTOSIS



L. ANNAEI SENECAE LUDUS DE
MORTE CLAUDII CAESARIS
VEL APOCOLOCYNTOSIS

Quid actum sit in caelo ante diem III. idus i
Octobris anno novo, initio saeculi felicissimi, volo
memoriae tradere. nihil nee offensae nee gratiae
dabitur. haec ita vera, si quis quaesiverit unde
5 sciam, primum, si noluero, non respondebo. quis
coacturus est ? ego scio me liberum factum, ex
quo suum diem obiit ille, qui verum proverbium
fecerat, aut regem aut fatuum nasci oportere. si
libuerit respondere, dicam quod mihi in buccam

lo venerit. quis unquam ab historico iuratores exe-
git ? tamen si necesse fuerit auctorem producere,
quaerito ab eo qui Drusillam euntem in caelum
vidit : idem Claudium vidisse se dicet iter f acien-
tem ' non passibus acquis.* velit nolit, necesse est

15 illi omnia videre, quae in caelo aguntur : Appiae
viae curator est, qua scis et divum Augustum et
Tiberium Caesarem ad deos isse. hunc si interro-
gaveris, soli narrabit : coram pluribus nunquam
verbum faciet. nam ex quo in senatu iuravit se

The readings of Biicheler's edi^io 7ninort where different froni
those of the text, are given in foot-notes.



Il6 THE SATIRE OF SENECA

Drusillam vidisse caelum ascendentem et illi pro
tarn bono nuntio nemo credidit, quod viderit verbis
conceptis affirmavit se non indicaturum, etiam si in
medio foro hominem occisum vidisset. ab hoc ego
quae tum audivi, certa clara aff ero, ita ilium salvum 5
et felicem habeam.

2 iam Phoebus breviore via contraxerat ortum
lucis et obscuri crescebant tempora somni,
iamque suum victrix augebat Cynthia regnum
et deformis hiemps gratos carpebat honores 10
divitis autumni visoque senescere Baccho
carpebat raras serus vindemitor uvas.

puto magis intellegi, si dixero : mensis erat Octo-
ber, dies III. idus Octobris. horam non possum
certam tibi dicere, facilius inter philosophos quam 15
inter horologia conveniet, tamen inter sextam et
septimam erat. * nimis rustice ! ' inquies : * sunt
omnes poetae non contenti ortus et occasus de-
scribere, ut etiam medium diem inquietent; tu sic
transibis horam tam bonam ? * 20

iam medium curru Phoebus diviserat orbem
et propior nocti f essas quatiebat habenas
obliquo flexam deducens tramite lucem :

3 Claudius animam agere coepit nee invenire exitum
poterat. tum Mercurius, qui semper ingenio eius 25
delectatus esset, unam e tribus Parcis seducit et

2 \j2Uod viderii\, "^ ortum, orbe^n. ^^ visoque, iussoque.


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Online LibraryLucius Annaeus SenecaThe satire of Seneca on the Apotheosis of Claudius commonly called the Apocolocyntosis; → online text (page 7 of 18)