M Winsor.

History of Jewell County, Kansas : with a full account of its early settlements and the Indian atrocities committed within its borders. online

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Gc '^*- ^•

978.101

J54w

1527691



Gb^NEALOGY GOCLECnriOW



30UNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



3 1833 01064 8449




iij.aiji: iii'*s'2ja:Miifii^



AND THE



\ INDIAN ATROCITIES

it



*i Its Final Skttlemunt, Orgaki2l\tion and Progress. Its Present
j Society, Churches and .Schools. Its Towns, Streams,

jl Topography, Soil and Products. Its Population,

i^ Township ORGAdJi};ATioNS and Officers. Its

p Industries', Bi siness. Resources, &:c.



BY



M. WINSOB and JAMES A. SCAKBROUOH.



.JEWELL CITY, KANSAS.

"diamond" printing office.
1H7H.



ESTABLISHED ,RTNE 4, 1871.

Oldest House in Jewell County.

JOHN D. ROBERTSON,

— DEALER m— 1527^91

F'ax'iii IiiipleiTieiit^5 ^Wsig;^
oii^. Cattle, Hog;^ and

Cii'aiii.

JEWELL CITY, KANSAS.



1872 G.B.CRANDALL,1878
0IIU6GIST AND APOTHECARY.

Je^vell City, I^aii^.

CARRIES A STOCK OF DRUGS CO]\rPLETE IN EVERY DEPARTMENT
OF THE BUSINESS.

/ g/7^e 7)17/ customers the advantage of amj decline in
prices and will at all times dispense

Piii^e Groodi!^,

? and guarantee everything as represented.

I also handle

SoItooI ]Boolis, ]Rlaiili IBoolc^

and kindred goods.

ANY BOOK PUBLISHED IN THE UNITED STATES OBTAINED ON
SHORT NOTICE.



STEAM SAW AND GRIST MILL,

SALEM, KAJVSAS,

Ti. L. BitOTViHiiVG^, Proprietor.

/VATIVE LUMBER CO^STAJVTLY OJ^ HAJ^D.

ra-AJLSO AGEMTPOBTHE PHOiNIX INSURANCE COMPANY.



FARMERS AND STOCK DEAT>ERS,

SALEM, KAJVSAS.



POSTMASTER «» JUSTICE o^™. PEACE.

Acknowledgements and Conveyances

PnOjrPTI.T ATTENDED TO.

SALEM, KAJVSAS.



SALEM, KAJVS.

ALL WORK WARRANTED,
and Perfect Satisfaction Guaranteed.



TRAVELERS' HOME,

J. H. Olt JLTVFOHJO, I*ro.,

Salem, Kansas.
GOOD ACCOMMODATIONS.



CHAEGES REASONABLE.



DEALER IN

SHELF AND HEAVY HARDWARE,

STOVES AND TINWARE

ALSO WAGON AND BUGGY 'wood WORK, ANT) IRONS COMPLETE.
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS A. SPECIALITY.

SALEM, KANSAS.

WILLIAM DOBBINS,

WAGON AND CABINET MAKER,

Salem, XCan^a.^.

ALL KINDS OF EEPAIEING

JVeatlj/ and Substantially Executed.



L. C. MICK, WITH s. GARBER & CO.,

DEALERS IN

Salem, I^an^a^.



J^



£^ WE KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A LARGE AND WELL SELECT-
ED STOCK, AND SELL AT BOTTOM FIGURES.



HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN

-AND-

C^"ALL CALLS rROMPTLY ATTEND?:© TO, DAY OH NKJHT.

CHAIM : V>;]iEASONAKLE.



L. ]p. Xj"x~a?x^



-DEALEK IN-



Dris, Patent leiicines, Dn Mi

HATS AND CAPS, NOTIONS, AND EVERYTHING, CHEAP.

SALEl^r, KANSAS.



A. W. Mann. J. E. Faidley. Ekank Gilbkrt.

MANN, FAIDLEY & CO.

-DEALERS IN-

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS,

—AND—

13iirr Oali, T'ians.



GENERAL AGENT FOR THE

AND DEALER IN

MnU HarvestiQi lacliiiierf,

B URR OAK. KAjYSAS.



INTRODUCTION.



A ocmi»]cte hi'^ton^ of any county is one of the inipossibilitios, but in this*
little book, we fiattcr ourselves that we have come as near perfection lyi in
possible. In the preparation of a work of this kind, wc arc not unniindfiil
of the fact that in gathering information from so many different sourceis
inaccuraces are liable to creep in, but in this instance, we have carefully
weighed and proved each item, rejecting what seemed to be chalf, and ad-
mitting only the bare unvarnished facts. Of the incidents relating to the
early history of Jev*-ell county we have onl-y given place to a few of thv,
most interesting, i-ejecting, of necessity, many that have come into our
possession, for want of space. The early history of this county is most in-
tensely thrilling, not a stream or section within its borders but what bears
I'ecord of the fierce and bloody strife waged by barbarism to beat back the
ever advancing tide of civilization'.

Citizens of Jewell county, this little work is your friend and co-laborer.
In its production, the autliors have recognized and acted u])on the theory
tJiat every dweller on our lovely prairies, and by our timber-belLed streams,
are, while laboring to plant their own hon^ss in the sunshine of ]>vosi)cri1y,
also laboring to advance the material interests of the county at large. In
this spirit hiis this work been conceived, nourished, brought forth, and
finally oITored to you to be^ friend and co.npanlon at your firesides, and a
messenger of good, by disseminating a better knowledge of the county wo
ail think is the best.

Buy one, take it home and read it to your family, and then come back
and buy five more copies to send to your friends '"Back East." In this way
you can help us make a fortune, and very materially assist in building up
and enriching one of the fairest counties in all the great New West.

M. WINSOR,
JAMES A. &CARBEOUGH.

Je^ll Citv, Kansas^ April, 1878.



J-E^VE^LI^ COXIMTY".



Je wk ll County, Kansas, is located
in the Northern Tier of Counties, im-
mediately soutli of the Fortieth Par-
allel, and Avest.of the Sixth Principal
Miu-idian. It is ir.O milcG, on an air
line, Avcst of the Missouri river. It is
;$() miles square, and is divided into 25
Con acres of tlic finest land in
all the."Grea'. Nov/ Y/est."

STUEAMS AND TI?JBEIl.

The i)rinci})al streams are White
Koek, Limestone, JJufl'iilo, Marsh and
IJrown's creeks. While Boek flows
through the second tier of townships,
from v/est to erincipal
branches, wliich rise in and drain the
i>astern mickllo portion of the county.
Brown's creek drains the middle
southern portion, emptying 'into the
Solomon river GJ miles south of the 1 population 12,817, an increase of 12,612
southern lino. All of these streams j in seven years. We challenge any
have numerous- snudl tributaries, all j other county dn the State, with or
of which, v>'ith the main streams, are without railroads, to produ'ce as favor-
belted with from 10 to 80 rods of tim- able a*howing.

ber, consisting of burr oak, ash, hack-' | _ Th» A«6essors' returns for 1877-show
berry, walnut, recKand white elm, hox 77,635 acres of land in cultivation in
older, red cedar and cottonwood. It Jewell county.



will thus be seen that the county is
unusually well watered and timbered.

THE SURFACE

of the county is generally a level and
undulating prairie, a narrow line of
bluffs running from northeast to
southwest, comprising the only rough
portion of this "Jewel."

THE SOIL

is a rich, black, vegetable mold, from
three to twenty feet deej), all under-
laid with porous clay. This country
giving unmistakable evidence of hav-
ing once been the bed of a shallow,
warm ocean, with low islands, numer-
ous fossils of tropical vegetation and
saurian reptiles having been found.

THE BEST OF WATER

is found everywhere by digging to a
depth of from 15 to 60 feet. Fine flow-
ing springs are also numerous.

BUILDING STONE,.

of excellent quality, is found in great
abundance along the banks of all the
streams, many kinds of which can be
cut into any desirable shai)e with a
common saw.

POPULATION.

For an inland county, deprived of
the help of railroads, the increase in
population in Jewell county since 1870,
the date of its first permanent settle-
ment, has been most wonderful. In
1870, the population was 205; in 1875,
it hud increased to 7,651; and in 1877,
the official reports place the popula-
tion at 9,767. Since the last numera-
tion, just one year ago, the immigra-
tion to the county has been unprece-
dented, and we are convinced that we
are safe in placing its present popula-
tion at 12,000. According to official
returns, Jewell county has 3,662 school
children, j;vhich, reckoning 3i per&ODS
to each scholar, which is the custom-
ary rule, would make our present



FIRST SETTLE»tENT.

"TOO MUCH INDIAN."

Ill the sprini? oi 1802 William Harsh- i
Lorscr unci wife, John Furrows and I
Asburry Clark, wife and child, fj-om I
Knox county. 111., settled on Whit(> |
Hock creek ; the first two in Ji;wcll {
county and the latter juyt in the wc.^t j
edge of Republic county. Hai'shbcr- <
fivr took the claini now owned by Al. j
Woodruff, adjoining- the town of White I
Pvock. Furrows took one-half of wluit '
is now William Nixon's farm, and nuc-
lialf of the farm now owned by Mrs. i
Frazier, adjoining' Harshber^j^n'Oii the ,
west. All built cabins, broke j^Tound


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Online LibraryM WinsorHistory of Jewell County, Kansas : with a full account of its early settlements and the Indian atrocities committed within its borders. → online text (page 1 of 6)