Maberly Phillips.

A history of banks, bankers, & banking in Northumberland, Durham, and North Yorkshire, illustrating the commercial development of the north of England, from 1755 to 1894, with numerous portraits, facsimiles of notes, signatures, documents, &c online

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Online LibraryMaberly PhillipsA history of banks, bankers, & banking in Northumberland, Durham, and North Yorkshire, illustrating the commercial development of the north of England, from 1755 to 1894, with numerous portraits, facsimiles of notes, signatures, documents, &c → online text (page 50 of 57)
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called " an over-issue of paper." Under given circumstances, we may fairly assume that a certain amount of
paper is regularly kept in circulation. Let us suppose that a banker in Newcastle is desirous of increasing his
issues. He must at once perceive that his ordinary channels of circulation are incapable of taking off any
additional amount of notes. The manufacturers and coal-owners are the great means of circulating notes ; they
require, however, but a certain sum for their regular payments, and in general cannot be induced to take more.
Through such channels, therefore, a banker cannot lay his account for increasing his issues. What remains for
him? He must give out his notes to be employed in some casual transaction, a case in which they are almost
sure of being returned to him, through some other banker, at the end of the week, to the necessary defeat of his
object. It seems then to be clear, that so long as country bankers adhere to the rule in question, and so long as
their notes are convertible into gold on demand, or subject to any other fixed test of value, there can be no
ground of apprehension from what is termed an over-issue of paper— that in fact, under such circumstances, an
over-issue cannot exist.



[43^]

of his paper must be utterly unavailing. If then, our present system of currency is to be abrogated,
nothing will be left for us but to revert to a course of metallic payments, the consequences of which to
the commercial and agricultural interests of this part of the country I leave any man to determine.
But the intelligent Directors of the Bank tell us " they can see no reason to alter their intention
of establishing a branch in Newcastle." They must, then, really wish to put down all paper currency
but their own, and they must bo weak enough to suppose that people here will be so enamoured of
their notes as to 'prefer them to gold ; for upon no other principle in Newcastle, where there are no
means of forcing the notes of the branch bank upon the public except through the payment of a few
dividends of stock, can there be a possibility of such notes ever becoming the general circulating
medium of the place. The Directors, in telling us " that they see no reason for altering their
intention," might have gone a little farther, and told us what it was that first prompted their
interference. They very carefully, however, abstain from giving reasons. With all the badgering
which the Governor underwent at the late half-yearly court of proprietors, little more could be obtained
from him, in justification of the provincial establishments of the Bank, than that banking was their
business, and that they had a right to make the most of their business ; which I consider to be just
as conclusive as Falstaff's defence of purse taking, " Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal ; 'tis no sin for
a man to labour in his vocation ! "

One observation of the Governor is particularly deserving of attention. " What he," the
Governor, " was most desirous of saying was this, that they (the Bank) would go only where their
assistance was called for, and where they thought upon due consideration they could be beneficial."
Now, to such a rule for the guidance of the Bank, no person could have objected. But has it been
attended to as regards the establishment of a branch in Newcastle ? Has such an institution been
" called for " by any class of persons here whatever, or even by a single individual of credit and
respectability in the place ? I may fearlessly assert that the Bank has never been called upon, never
advised by any person (not shadowing to himself employment from the Bank) to interfere with the
existing banking establishments of this town. For long after the first intimation of the intention of
the Bank to establish a branch in Newcastle, the thing was treated as quite a visionary scheme — as a
complete joke, indeed ; people felt that in their money transactions they were as well off as they could
be, and they supposed that the Bank had enough to attend to without troubling themselves with an
unpopular and profitless concern at Newcastle.

It seems, however, now, that the resolution is finally taken to open what the Governor calls " a
shop " in Newcastle — a shop which will have the singular distinction of being the only one in the town
in which the notes of the Newcastle banks are refused in payments. With all deference to the
Governor, I look upon a shop conducted on such a principle as an insult to the town.

Adieu, Mr. Editor, I have already trespassed upon your columns at much too great a length,
but the importance of the subject must plead my excuse.

March 29, 1828. ALFRED.



[433]



INDEX.



Abbott, John & Co., Gateshead, 329.

Abbott, John, Gateshead, requests that Messrs.
Lambton remain a private bank, 252.

Abbot, W., formation of the North-Eastern Bank-
ing Co., 328.

Abbs, Cooper, panic of 1808 ; formation of a
guarantee fund, 275 ; panic of 1798 ; support of
Durham Bank, 308.

Aberdeen Branch Bank of Scotland, 7.

Aberdeen, the Banking Co. of, 8.

Abolition of issue of notes for £30, £40, & £500, 208.

Acts paseed restraining the issue of notes under
£6, 82 ; suspension of, 32 ; in 1797 allowing
issue of notes under £5 in England, 67 ; in
180 1 limiting life of a country bank note to
three years; relating to five shilling dollars
renewed, 74 ; in 1817 restricting use of dollar and
tokens issued by Bank of England, 74 ; regarding
the value of gold, 76 ; re license to issue notes,
76 ; restraining the issue of one pound notes,
98 ; opposition to, 98 ; in 1844 dividing Bank of
England into issue and banking. 111; in 1844
to regulate the issue of bank notes, quotations
from. 111 ; prohibiting lotteries, 126; compelling
the withdrawal of all bank notes under £5, 205 ;
to encourage the establishment of Savings'
Banks, 366.

Adair, Wm., panic in Newcastle, 49.

Adams, Alex., panic in Newcastle, 505.

Adams. A., Report of Com. of Investigation into
the affairs of Messrs. Burdon, Forster, & Co., 269.

Adamson, Robert, support of Durham Bank, 308.

Addendum, 418.

Addington, Wm., robbery of Mr. R. Burdon, 386.

Addison, John, Borrowby, 141.

Addison, Robert, Wallworth, 141.

Addison, William, support of Durham Bank, 308.

Agra Bank, the, 213.

Airey & Gibson, panic in Newcastle, 49.

Airey, Hy., panic in Newcastle, 29.

Airey, Jonathan, panic in Newcastle, 29.

Airey, Joseph, Old Bank, 174, 177, 189 ; treasurer
of the N/c. Infirmary, 190 ; death of, 178, 190.

Aiskell, Henry, loss of bank notes, 188.

Aitkinson & Hall, panic in Newcastle, 29.

Akenhead, David, 372.

Akenhead, John, formation of the Newcastle
Savings' Bank, 366.

Akroyd, Colonel, suggestion of Yorkshire Penny
Bank, 417.

Alcock, Giles, panic in Newcastle, 29.

Aldam, Mr., executor of Robert Ormston, 159.

Alderson, James, Coatham, 141.

Alderson, Baron, trial of Bolam for the murder,
Savings' Bank, 371.

Alexander, Barbara, 419.

" Alfred " and his letters against Branch Bank of
England in Newcastle, 203.

Allan, George, married daughter of George Prescott
of Darlington, 364.



Allan, Robert, affairs of Messrs. Cooke & Co., 231.
Allan, Robert, Sunderland Bank, 362, 363, 364;

married daughter of Robert Harrison of Sunder-
land, 364 ; died, 364.
Allan, Robert, married daughter of William

Havelock of Sunderland, 364.
Allard, John, London, consignments of tokens

sent to, 75.
Allen (Hagues, Strickland, & Allen), 279.
Allhusen, Mr., suspension of the District Bank, 343.
Alliance Bank, Limited, London Agent for the

Industrial Bank, Limited, 295.
Allinson, W., Hagues, Strickland & Allen, 279.
Allison & Nesham, Darlington, 237.
Allison, Henry, formation of Joint Stock Bank,

Darlington, 237.
Allison, John (Backhouse & Co.), Durham, 145.
Allon, W., 419.
Alnwick & County Bank, purchase of the, by

North Eastern Banking Co., Ltd., 133, 330.
Alston, W,, support of Durham Bank, 308.
Altham, Roger, Doctor's Commons, 398.
Althorp, Lord, charter of the Bank of England,

108, 109, 115.
Amount of bank notes paid in at Branch Banks of

England, by country bankers, account of the, 215.
Amount of coin transmitted to the Branch Banks

of England, account of the, 215.
Amount of coin transmitted from Branch Banks

of England to London, account of the, 215.
Amount received at each of the Branch Banks

of England for interest on bills discounted,

account of the, 216.
Anderson, Charles William (Dale & Co.), 233.
Anderson, Edward, panic in Newcastle, 29.
Anderson, Geo., panic in Newcastle, 29.
Anderson, Sir James, formation of the North

Eastern Banking Co., 328.
Anderson, M., auditor of the Savings' Bank, New-
castle, 369.
Anderson, Matthew, 419.
Anderson, John, jun. (Davison-Bland & Co.), 239,

262 ; retired, 259 ; purchased Coxlodge Hall, 262 ;

died, 262.
Anderson, Robert, appointed sub-agent Newcastle

Branch Bank of England, 207 ; agent, 210 ; sus-
pension of the District Bank, 211 ; death, 211.
Anderson, Robert, support of Durham Bank, 308.
Anderson, Robert, hon. sec. Newcastle, Shields, and

Sunderland Union Joint Stock Bank, 320, 322.
Anderson, Wm., Newcastle, 136.
Anderson, Wm., suspension of the Union Bank,

323, 325.
Anderson, W. J., director of the Swaledale and

Wensleydale Banking Co., 401.
Andrews, Nich., panic in Newcastle, 49.
Angas, Caleb, Newcastle, 104, 106; Newcastle

Chamber of Commerce, 202.
Angas, George Fife, 104 ; formation of National

Provincial Bank of England, 106, 313, 314.



[ 434 ]



Angas, John, Dotland, 104.

Angles, Henry, Sadberge, 141.

Angus, Wm., Prov. Com. of the Newcastle, Shields,

and Sunderland Union Joint Stock Bank, 320.
Appleby, Clement, 419.
Appleby, Robert, 418.
Appleby, Thomas, 418.

Appleby, William, support of Durham Bank, 308.
Applegarth, J., jun., Staindrop, 136.
Archbishop of Canterbury, The, 221.
Archbold, James, Director of the Newcastle Sav-
ings' Bank, 367.
Arkenwaldus and William, 16.
Armstrong, Henry, manager Sunderland Branch

Newcastle Joint Stock Bank, 322, 323.
Armstrong, John, 419.
Armstrong, Mr., formation of the Newcastle

Savings' Bank, 366.
Armstrong, W., Newcastle Chamber of Commerce,

98, 201, 202.
Arnitt, Francis, agent for Messrs. Raper, Swann,

& Co., Thirsk, 361.
Arrowsmith, Stephen, support of Durham Bk., 308.
Arrowsmith, Wm., Sherburn, 141.
Arundale, Jos., Prov. Com. of the Newcastle,

Shields, and Sunderland Union Bank, 320.
Ashburton, Lord, debate on the speech of T. E.

Headlam, Esq., M.P., 115.
Ashton, William, agent Pickering Branch of

Messrs. Hague, Strickland, & Allen, 279.
Ashworth, David (Davison-Bland & Co.), 129, 239,

240, 241, 242, 260 ; retired, 239 ; death, 244.
Askew, Richard C, formation of the Newcastle

Joint Stock Banking Co., 319 ; formation of the

Newcastle Savings' Bank, 366.
Astlett, Robert, fraud upon Bank of England, 139.
Assay Office established, 23.
Assignats, issue of, 61.
Athelstane, Royal Mint at York, 14.
Atkinson, Geo. and Matthew, exchangers, 31.
Atkinson, Brothers, panic in Newcastle, 49.
Atkinson & Rudman, Newcastle, 136.
Atkinson, Charles (Forster, Burrell, & Co.), 49,

158, 266, 267, 272, 273 ; eleccted Sheriff of New-
castle, 272 ; Mayor, 272 ; married daughter of

Jas. Moncaster, Esq., 272; tragic death, 272.
Atkinson, James, panic in Newcastle, 49, 136.
Atkinson, Matthew, Sunderland Bridge lottery, 391.
Atkinson, Thomas, 288.
Atkinson, Thomas, Prov. Com. of the Newcastle,

Shields, and Sunderlaud Union Bank, 320, 322.
Atkinson, Wm., the Tontine Scheme, 391.
Attwood, Charles, director North of England Joint

Stock Banking Co., 331.
Attwood, Mr., formation of Provincial Bank of

Ireland, 105.
Attwood, Mr., Com. of Secrecy, Bank of England

Charter, 108.
Atty, Commercial Bank, Stockton, 379.
Aubone, Wm., Mayor of Newcastle, 395.
Audus, Jas., director of the Yorks. Banking. Co., 414.
Austin, Lieut.-General, director North of England

Joint-Stock Banking Co., 331, 332.
Auty, Daniel, tried for clipping money, 123; death

of, 124.
Auburn, William, 418.



Audos, Hugh, Bishopwearmouth, 364.
Average amount of bills under discount at each of
the Branch Banksof England, account of the, 215.
Aynslev, Lord Charles, suspension of banks, 66.
Aynsley, W. H., 419.

Backhouse & Co., Darlington, 54, 57, 58, 75, 103,
134, 205, 230, 263, 264, 266, 287, 306, 316, 359;
particulars of gold remitted by, to London
agents, 59 ; conspiracy against, 80 ; particulars
of note issue allowed by the Act of 1824, 112 ;
Associate of Country Bankers, 120 ; names of
customers of, 136 ; extracts from day book of,
136 ; forgery of five guinea notes of, 138 ; note
issue of, 139 ; confidence in, 140 ; declaration
of confidence in, 140, 141; conspiracy against,
142, 147 ; reward offered for information of
such conspiracy, 142, 147; custom of procuring
gold from London in case of demand, 142 ; first
current account at Durham opened, 143 ; form
of cheque used at Durham, 143 ; loss of notes,

144 ; run upon bank, 144 ; open a branch in
Newcastle, 145 ; Stockton, 145 ; South Shields,

145 ; Darlington Bank, fears of a run upon, 146 ;
declaration of confidence in, 146 ; transfer of
Newcastle branch to District Bank, 147, 336,
337 ; transfer of Sunderland and South Shields
branches to District Bank, 147 ; issue of balance
sheet, 147, 154 ; attempts by Lord Darlington
to break the bank of, 148 ; celebration of cen-
tenary of, 148 ; run upon, 149 ; past partners of,
150; purchase of premises of Mowbray,
Hollingsworth, & Co., 356 ; " banking shop," 54.

Backhouse, Alfred, photo of, 150.
Backhouse, Dorothy, Lancaster, 136.
Backhouse, Edward, photo of, 150 ; auto, of, 152.
Backhouse, Edward, photo of, 150 ; auto, of, 152.
Backhouse, E., and his liability to pay in gold,

143 ; rumours regarding stability of bank, 144 ;

Stockton and Darlington Railway, 153.
Backhouse, Edmund, first knowledge of banking,

154; marriage with Miss Julia M. Fox, 154;

first M.P. for Darlington, 154; on Com. of

Ass. of Eng. Country Bankers, 120 ; photo of 154.
Backhouse, James, 97, 108, 109.
Backhouse, James (Backhouse & Co.), 134, 136, 138.
Backhouse, James, agent to Royal Exchange

Assurance Co., 134 ; autograph of, 152; Stockton

and Darlington Canal, 230.
Backhouse, James, autograph of, 152.
Backhouse, Jas. E., 154 ; photo of 154.
Backhouse, John, photo, of, 150 ; auto, of, 152.
Backhouse, John Church, photogragh of, 150;

autograph of, 152.
Backhouse, John Henry, photograph of, 150;

autograph of, 152.
Backhouse, Jonathan (Backhouse & Co.), 134, 138 ;

letter from, to his father, 135, 361 ; photo, of,

150 ; auto, of, 135 : Stockton and Dar. Canal, 230.
Backhouse, Jonathan, defeats Lord Darlington's

attempt to break the bank, 148
Backhouse, Jonathan, and the "Commercial;"

story of, 149.
Backhouse, Jonathan, sketch of life of, 153 ;

formation of the Stockton and Darlington

Railway, 153, 346 ; photograph of, 150.



[435]



Backhouse, Jon. E., 154; photograph of 154.

Backhouse, Thomas, York, 147 ; and the Stockton
and Darlington Railway, 153.

Backhouse, Thomas, director of the York City and
County Banking Co., 409.

Backhouse, William (Backhouse & Co.), 135, 145.

Backhouse, William, photo of, 150 ; auto, of, 152.

Backhouse, William, photo of, 150 ; auto, of, 152,

Bacon, Charles, Styford, 158.

Bagehot, Walter, " Lombard Street," 55.

Bailey, John (Mowbray & Co.), 310.

Bailey, John, Chillingham Castle, affairs of
Surtees, Burdon & Co., 390.

Bainbridge, John D., support of Durham Bank, 308.

Bainbridge, Joseph, bankruptcy of Messrs. Surtees,
Burdon, & Co., 391 ; Tontine scheme, 391.

Backhouse family, pedigree of the Bank partners of
the, 151 ; signatures of the bk. partners of the, 152.

Bainbridge, Wm., liquidator District Bank, 343.

Baker, Hedley, & Co., " Tyne Bank," Newcastle,
57, 156 ; early method of " clearing," 118.

Baker, Hedley, & Co., suspend payment, 156 ;
resume cash payments, 156 ; suggested amal-
gamation with Lambton & Co., 157 ; panic in
1797, payment suspended, 157.

Baker, Loraine, & Co., Tyne Bank, 242; panic in
Newcastle, 1793, confidence in, 247 ; suspension
of payment, 247 ; re-opening of, 248 ; make
overtures to Messrs. Lambton & Co. for amalga-
mation, 248 ; reply of Messrs. Lambton & Co.,
248 ; scarcity of gold in Newcastle, 248 ; meet-
ings held in support of local banks, 248.

Baker, Shafto, & Co., Newcastle, 136, 187, 304.

Baker, Shafto, Ormston, Cutbbert, and Lamb,
33, 155 ; issue of notes of, 155 ; forgery of notes
of, 155 ; changes in partnership of, 156.

Baker, George (Bakei, Shafto, Ormston, & Co.),
155, 156, 157, 160, 248 ; High Sheriff of North-
umberland, 161 ; death of, 161.

Baker, John (Baker, Shafto, Ormston, & Co.), 155,
158 ; marriage with Miss Read, of Hereford, 158 ;
Sheriff of Newcastle, 158 ; erected " Tynemouth
House," 158 ; Mayor of N/c, 159 ; death of, 159.

Balmer, George, 419.

Bank in Newcastle, The, 239, 240.

Bank of Dundee, 56 ; statement of circulation and
deposits, 56.

Bank of England, 65, 103, 113 ; narrow escape of,
44 ; better protection of, 45 ; refuse paper of
Lane, Son, and Eraser, 48 ; cash payments pro-
hibited, 66 ; issue of £1 notes, 67 ; issue of £2
notes, 67 ; exchange of tokens, 74 ; issue of
silver tokens, 74 ; issue of Spanish dollars, 74 ;
increase of forgeries on, 80 ; Directors blamed
for the forgeries, 80 ; Directors exonerated from
blame for forgeries of, 80; suppression of £1
and £2 notes, 86 ; decrease in bullion, 91 ;
resumption of cash payments, 91 ; issue of £l
and £2 notes, 92 ; blamed for panic, 93 ;
relinquishes its exclusive privileges, 93 ; to
establish branches, 93-95 ; Branch Banks,
differences of opinion amongst Directors, 97 ;
Charter of the, 108 ; Committee of Secrecy to
report upon it, 108 ; Charter of 1832. Meetings
of country bankers, 109 ; Governor and Co. of the,
purchase offices of the District Bank, 110;



divided into " Issue " and " Banking, " 111 ;
issue of notes allowed by the Acts, 112 ; branch
circulation 113 ; lottery tickets issued by,
126 ; serious fraud upon, 139 ; resume cash pay-
ments, 144 ; nimiber of country bankers who
act with notes of, 217 ; forgeries, formation of
Parliamentary Committee, 80 ; report of Parlia-
mentary Committee, 80 ; forgeries, numerous
executions, 80 ; forgeries, action of Bank de-
nounced by Black Dwarf, 81 ; forgeries, cost
of prosecution, 81 ; forgeries, press denounce
number of prosecutions, &c., 81 ; forgeries,
action of officials criticised, 82 ; forgeries,
action of the Society of Arts, 82.

Bank of London, London agents, London and
Northern Bank, Newcastle, 301.

Bank Notes, announcement regarding, 165 ; no
record kept, 76.

Bankers' Clearing Association, instituted in New-
castle, 117, 119 ; early method of clearing, 117 ;
extended to country clearing, 120.

" Bankers' Magazine " on " Clearing," 119 ; ex-
tracts from, 206 ; extract from an obituary notice
of Robert Spence, 286.

Banking on joint-stock principle. North of England,
introduction to, 102.

Banks, Jos., forgeries on Bank of England, 8, 80.

Barclay, Tritton, Bevan, & Co., London, 144, 395,
197, 264, 311, 395.

Barclay & Co., Agents for Stapleton & Co., Rich-
mond, 297 ; Simpson, Chapman, & Co., 376.

Bargate, George, director of the Newcastle Union
Joint Stock Bank, 324, 325.

Baring Bros., Liverpool, 218.

Baring, A., Com. of Secrecy, Bank of England
Charter, 108.

Barker & Wolfall, panic in Newcastle, 29, 49.

Barker, Christopher D., Woods, Parker, & Co.,
406 ; retired, 407 ; photograph of, 408.

Barker, Matthew, panic, 275.

Barker, R., 419.

Barker, Thomas, Prov. Com. Union Bank, 320;
suspension of the Union Bank, 323, 324 ;
winding up of the Union Bank, 325; Woods,
Parker, & Co., 406; retired, 407 ; photo of, 408.

Barker, Thomas W. , Woods & Co. , 407 ; photo of, 406.

Barker, W. J., formation of the Sunderland Joint
Stock Bank, 383.

Barkworth, Harold (Bower, Dewsbury, & Co.),
199 200.

Barnby, J.' (Hagues, Strickland, & Allen), 279, 280.

Barnes, Mr., surgeon, riot at Sunderland, 74.

Barnes, Ambrose, MS. of, presented to Lit. and
Phil. Society, Newcastle, 190.

Barnes, George, director of the Nat. Prov. Bank
of England, 314.

Barnes, Mr. (Backhouse & Co.), Durham, 145;
Barnard Castle Branch Darlington District
Banking Co., 238.

Barnes, Robert, general manager of the York City
and County Banking Co., 410.

Barnes, Thomas, manager of the York City and
County Banking Co., 409.

Barnes, William, guarantee of notes, 418.

Barnett & Co., London agents of the Yorkshire
Banking Co., 415.



[436]



Barnett, Hoare, & Co., London, 129, 255, 285, 409.

Barnett, Robert, Blackheath, 285.

Barnett, William Edward, (Hodgkin & Co.) 284,
285 ; died, 285 ; photo of, 285.

Barr, T., Stokesley Branch Darlington District
Banking Co., 238.

Barras, Samuel, support of Durham Bank, 308.

Barrington, Bishop, 262.

Barrington, George, support of Durham Bank, 308.

Barrington, Right Hon. Lord, 91, 105.

Barry, James, support of Durham Bank, 308.

Barstow, Thomas, director of the York City and
County Banking Co., 409.

Bartleman, Alex., guarantee of notes of, 418.

Base Coinage, 22.

Batson, Berry, & Co. (Northumberland Bank), 129.

Batson & Bennington (Rennington & Co.), 129.

Batson, Berry, Langhorn, & Wilson, 162 ;
failure of, 162.

Batson, Berry, & Wilson, 311.

Batson, Stephenson, & Co., 129.

Batson, Stephenson, Grace, & Glover, 129.

Batson, Reed, & Co. (Northumberland Bank), 129,

Batson, Wakefield, & Scott, 46, 163, 164, 181,
353 ; panic of, 69 ; guarantee of notes of, 418.

Batson, J. R., director of the Savings' Bank, 367.

Batson, Richard (Shadforth, Batson, & Co.), 163.

Batson, Thos., dissolution of partnership, 71.

Batson, T. R., debtor to Tweed Bank, 162 ; North-
umberland Bank, 163, 164, 172 ; elected an
alderman of Newcastle, 172 ; elected managing
director Northumberland Joint Stock Bank, 172,
331, 332 : appointed director of new Gas Co.,
172 ; untimely death of, 172.

Batson, Wm., counterfeit coinage, 43 ; dissolution
of partnership, 71 ; Shadforth, Batson & Co.,
163; North'd Bank, 163, 164, 190; one of the
first men to employ Richard Grainger, 170 ; death
of, 170; affairs of Surtees, Burdon, & Co., 390.

Batson, Wm. Smith, Tweed Bank, 162 ; Northum-
berland Bank, 163, 164, 171 ; death of, 171.

Baxter & Co., Darlington, 87, 173; suspension
of payments of, 93 ; failure of, 174.

Baxter, John, 173 ; enters bank of Sir M. W.
Ridley & Co., 173 ; autograph of, 174 ; failure
of, 174 ; married Miss Robinson, 174 ; Lumley,
Wilkinson, & Co., 305.

Bayley & Newby, Stockton, 313.

Baynes, Geo., auditor for the Union Bank, 325.

Beall, Mary, 419.

Beaumont, Somerset A. (Davison-Bland & Co.),
239 ; retired, 239.

Beaumont, William, director of the Northumber-
land & Durham District Bank, 836 ; director of
the Newcastle Savings' Bank, 867.

Beckett & Co., York, 199, 200; purchase of the
York Bank, 352.

Beckett, E. W., (Bower, Dewsbury, & Co.), 199, 200.

Beckett, William (Bower, Dewsbury, & Co.), 200;
died, 200.

Beilby & Bewick, Engravers, 186, 280 ; Newcastle,
351.

Bell, Cookson, Garr, & Airey, 24, 136, 174. 177, 362 ;
issue of tickets for the State Lottery, 128;
balance sheets of, 178.

Bell, Cookson, Carr, Widdrington, & Saint, 29.



Bell, Woodali, & Co., Scarborough, 57; statement

of note issue, deposits, &c., 57; 196 | issue of

notes of, 196 ; account of note issue of, 196, 197 ;

" Old Bank," 197 ; 405.
Bell, M. & J., guarantee of notes, 419.
Bell, Edw., sale of estates, 169.
Bell, Elisha, guarantee of notes, 419.
Bell, Elizabeth, guarantee of notes, 419.
Bell, Errington, stoppage of the Union Bank, 323.
Bell, Hugh, guarantee of notes, 418.
Bell, James, affairs of Messrs. Surtees, Burdon,

& Co., 890.
Bell, John, panic in Newcastle, 29.
Bell, John (Bell, Woodali, & Co.), 196; died, 196.
Bell, John, guarantee of the notes, 419.
Bell, Joseph, guarantee of, 419.
Bell, Matthew (1), Old Bank, 174, 177, 184, 188;

married Miss Ridley, 188 ; Sheriff of Newcastle,

188 ; Mayor of Newcastle, 188 ; died, 188.
Bell, Matthew (2), 188; married daughter of Sir

John Eden, 188 ; died, 188.
Bell, Matthew (3), Old Bank, 188; married daughter

of Chas. Brandling, Esq, 188 ; retired, 181 ;

High Sheriff of Northumberland, 188 ; died, 188.
Bell, Matthew, Jan., panic in Newcastle, 29.



Online LibraryMaberly PhillipsA history of banks, bankers, & banking in Northumberland, Durham, and North Yorkshire, illustrating the commercial development of the north of England, from 1755 to 1894, with numerous portraits, facsimiles of notes, signatures, documents, &c → online text (page 50 of 57)