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Vol. VI. 20



290 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

any human eloquence could have been. Tmie does
not efface my memory of them. Such experiences
enter into one's mental and moral being, and form a
part of his existence. Present things may make a
mere evanescent impression which suddenly fades
away, but these never. We lay up our treasures in
youth, we enjoy them in old age.

Dr. Payson's ruling passion was strong in death.
His triumphant departure is too well known for me to
describe it here. When dying he wished to have this
message on a slip of paper pinned to his bosom in the
casket : —

Remember the words that I spoke unto you while I was pres-
ent with you.

I fell into the long procession that passed by the
casket. I read this inscription. I gave that face one
earnest gaze. It looked peaceful and restful, and yet,
perhaps, from our own imagination, there was the
impress of joyful triumph on his brow. He had
fought the good fight, he had finished his course, he
had kept the faith, he had gone to receive the crown.
This was my farewell to Dr. Payson, my spiritual
father, and one of the most distinguished citizens of
Portland and of Maine.



BRG. GENERAL WADS WORTH'S DEPOSITION. 291



BRG. GENERAL WADSWORTH'S DEPOSI-
TION, COURT OF INQUIRY, PENOB-
SCOT EXPEDITION.

{From Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 145, page 275.)

The failure of the expedition under inquiry seems
to me to be owing principally to the lateness of our
arrival before the enemy, the smallness of our land
force, and the uniform backwardness of the Com-
mander of the fleet.

As to the lateness of our arrival I would only
observe that after being necessarily detained in Nan-
tasket road one day whilst the Commodore was arrang-
ing his fleet and giving out his signals, and the two
following by a storm and contrary winds, the fleet
sailed on the morning of the nineteenth of July for
Townsend : that we had not left sight of the road
before the whole fleet was obliged to heave to for
several hours to wait for the ordinance brig, which
was then standing back and forth at the mouth of the
harbor, and that at eight o'clock the following evening
the fleet hove to off Portsmouth to wait for the Hamp-
den, which ship had been sent in to join there. The
fleet lay by till morning : the wind was southerly and
a fine breeze. These two delays, though short, pro-
bably caused a delay of two days as the wdnd and
weather afterwards proved.

With respect to what took place at Townsend I



292 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

subscribe to Gen. Lovell's representation with this
addition, that at least one fourth part of the troops
then appeared to me to be small hoys and old men
and unfit for the service.

I also subscribe to Gen. Lovell's representation of
our arrival and during our continuance on the hights
of Majabigwaduce until the evacuation with this addi-
tion, — that we had between the 2d and 7th of August
cast up a redout In the northwesterly part of the
peninsula near the marsh, thrown up a covered way
across the beach and mostly finished a battery on the
high ground opposite the neck on the main in order
to preserve a communication with the main in case of
any accident to our shipping — that 'twas said there
were 234 of the marines that joined the militia at
their first landing, and that both they and the sailors
while on shore were under the direction of the general.

After our troops were re-imbarked on board the
transports on the morning of 14th August, it being
quite calm the general gave orders for the transports
to tow up the river with the tide of flood and pretty
soon after we were under way. Set off with Capt.
Satter in order to see the Commo, to know what meas-
ures he intended to pursue. A small breeze of wind
ahead and the tide of ebb taking us just after the
transports had passed Fort Point, obliged them to come
to anchor, when the wind died away and left us
quite calm. After issuing orders for the companies
that had been broken in the retreat and had got on
board different transports to be collected, also to find
out their baggage and camp utensils and the whole to



BRG. GENERAL WADSWORTH'S DEPOSITION. 293

look to their arms and ammunition and to be in read-
iness for landing at the shortest notice. I set out to
go on shore at Fort Point to jDut the hospital in read-
iness to be moved in case it should be necessary, but
before I had half reached the shore our fleet below
apeared to be standing up the river after us with a
sea breeze which soon reached us. I then gave orders
to the agent of transports being then within hail of
him, to dispatch a transport with two flat bottomed
boats immediately to Fort Point to take ojBf the hos-
pital and to proceed up the river with the rest of the
transports which was complied with.

I proceeded on shore, ordered all the cattle to be
driven off the point up the river and the buildings to
be fired, and as we were somewhat hurried, took some
of the last of the hospital with the surgeons into the
boat in which I proceeded up the river. Our ships of
war were now a little past Fort Point and the enemy's
foremost ships not far behind. The Hampden, Hunter
and a brig were cut off before.

We made the best of our way with the boat and
came up with the transports just below the narrows,
where they were very much in a cluster in the eddy
on the westerly side of the river : one sloop had run
on shore and more seemed to be inclining that way.
I still proceeded through the transports up the river
and gave them orders as I went by no means to run
on shore so long as they could keep afloat without
drifting down on the enemy ; and as I passed the
ordinance brig gave orders for a brass twelve pounder
to be in readiness in a float boat whilst I sought a place



294 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

up the narrows convenient for hauling it up, in order
to check the enemy's pursuit.

At this time the foremost of our vessels of war
were passing the transports and there appeared to me
to be a fair opportunity of saving our whole fleet : had
some of our heaviest ships been ordered to form a line
a little below our transports to have stopped the
enemy's foremost ships in their pursuit : the wind was
then dying away for the evening and the tide of ebb
very strong, so that their heaviest ships could not have
got up to their assistance till the next tide.

When I had discovered a convenient landing for the
cannon up the narrows I immediately returned ; meet-
ing by the way Maj. Couzens the commanding offi-
cers of the York troops, who had the chief of his
men with him and one of Colonel Mitchell's field
officers, whom I directed to march up the river with
their men and to keep about with the shipping.

On coming in sight of the transports, found them
chiefly on shore in a cluster and on fire, the enemy at
anchor almost abreast with them : a small schooner in
which was the greater part of our provisions was then
in the strength of the tide and drifting down on the
enemy ; it was in vain that a number of boats were
ordered to tow across the stream and with much diffi-
culty that a boat was got off to take out her crew. In
this I was directly oppposed to Lieut. Col. Revere who
said that I had no right to command either him or the
boat and gave orders to the contrary. The boat went
off to the schooner and he was promised an arrest as
soon as the army should be collected. The reason



BRG. GENERAL WADSWORTH'S DEPOSITION. 295

Lieut. Col. Revere gave for the boats not going off to
the schooner, was that he had all his private baggage
at stake and asked who would thank him for losing
that in attempting to save the schooner to the state.
I asked him w^hether he came there to take care of
his private baggage or to serve the state. I then
endeavored with the assistance of some officers I met
at the shore to collect the troops in order to get what
stores could be saved from the transports before they
burnt and to defend those that should not take fire
from being carried off by the enemy's boats : but this
was not practicable : the troops were chiefly disposed
or gone back into the woods and the rest not to be
commanded.

By the help of a few individuals, chiefly officers, a
small quantity of provisions and amunition was got on
shore : this brought it to ten o'clock in the evening
and there being no prospect of doing anything to pur-
pose at the shore, we retired to a house on the high
ground about a quarter of a mile from the river where
we met about 20 officers and soldiers, and continued
till morning. In the fore part of the night one of
the ships of war was fired in the narrows : the ordnance
brig drifted up the river with the tide of flood. Early
in the morning I gave orders to collect the troops but
few could be found : the greater part of those when
they found there were orders for halting suddenly took
themselves away, some with and some without their
officers. About 8 o'clock in the morning there was a
collection of a number of officers among: which were
Coi's McCobb and Tyler, Lt. Col. Howard, Maj's



296 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

Brown and Hill, with several captains and other offi-
cers. It was the opinion of those gentlemen that
nothing could be done to any purpose with the men
remaining on the ground, there being about 40 of Col.
McCobb's regiment which I think were all the land
forces then left, and it was said, I think by Col. Tyler
that the general had given orders for every man to
shift for himself: yet they said that they would not
march off if I gave orders to the contrary, though the
men they believed could not be retained in any case.
I was then sending an officer up the river to Gen.
Lovel to take his orders upon the matter when I was
infornied that the remaining part of our fleet by that
time was nearly at the head of the tide and were blow-
ing up : — concluded that the detaining the officers with-
out men could answer no valuable purpose on which
we parted. After this I set off in company with Capt.
Burke and part of his seamen with a number of others
for Camden : As to what passed after I arrived there I
suppose it does not respect the failure of the expedi-
tion. Peleg Wadsworth, Be. Gen.

The uniform backwardness of the commander of the
fleet appeared in the several councils of war at which
I was present: where he always held up the idea that
the damage that his ships would receive in attempting
the enemy's shipping would more than counterbalance
the advantage of destroying them, since the destruc-
tion of those ships would not give up the possession of
the enemy immediately : It was urged by the Gen'l
that this WHS a necessary step toward their reduction,



BRG. GENERAL WADSWORTH'S DEPOSITION. 297

his answer was in general, what would be achieved by
his going in to the enemy's shipping, and towards the
latter part of the seige the storming of their principal
fortress by land was made the condition of his attacking
them by sea. I believe that the enemy's ships might
have been destroyed at any time during the siege wind
and tide permitting, especially after the reduction of
the battery on the first of August.

Peleg Wadsworth, Br. gen'l.

Question. Do you recollect asking for Col. Revere and
asking Capt. Gushing to cut out the embrasures as men-
tioned in Capt. Caines' deposition ?

Ajiswer. I am not positive that I asked for him,
but had thoughts in my mind why I had not seen him
there at the fixing (or firing ? ) the batteries. I believe
I asked Capt. Cushing's advice about making the
embrasures : I well remember that the next day Col.
Revere chalked them out.

Question. Whether Col. Revere was missing on
shore ?

Answer. I saw him bat seldom on shore during the
first week after our landing.

QUESTIONS ASKED BY COL. REVERE.

Q. Do you recollect my carrying you to a place
and showing it a proper one for getting up the can-
non and butting a road ?

A. I remember being on the bank with Col.
Revere and pitching on a place to get up the Cannon
where we afterwards got them up.



298 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

Q. Do you remember sending for me to go to an
island to the eastward of Hacker's Island to find a
post to annoy the enemy's shipping ?

A. I remember you went with me. 1 don't recol-
lect sending for you, but don't think it improbable.

QUESTIONS BY CAPT. CARNES.

Q. Did you say or hear Gen. Lovell say that if the
siege continued seven years if it was possible to avoid
it, he would not order Col. Revere to take command ?

A. I have no recollection of the sort or even that
it was ever in my mind : if I had said it, 'tis probable
it would have left some traces in my mind.

QUESTIONS ASKED BY THE COMMITTEE.

Q. Did you during the siege discover any inat-
tention or backwardness to duty in Colonel Revere?

A. I did not see him so frequently in camp as I
expected : this was in my mind at the time of it, his
sentiments and opinions where was a division of
voices were always different from mine — I remember
that he was against taking post to the east of the
enemy's main fort.

Q. Did you ever propose to the gen'l before the
arrival of the enemy's re-inforcementthatit was proper
to determine upon the mode and place of retreat in
case of the arrival of re-inforcement ?

A. I did.

Q. Was any such measure ever determined pre-
vious to the arrival of the re-inforcement ?

A. Nothing except securing our retreat off the



LETTER OF COL. HENRY JACKSON TO MASS. COUNCIL. 299

peninsula : I asked the General whether I should go
up the river and see where the ground was conven-
ient for covering the shipping from the enemy in case
they should be reinforced. He said he had no forces
to spare in case we viewed the ground that could do
anything that way.

Sworn to before Court Sept. 29, 1779. 0. Peabody,
Clerk.



LETTER OF COL. HENRY JACKSON TO
MASSACHUSETTS COUNCIL.

(From Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 201, page 258.)

Falmouth, Aug. 28, 1779.
Sir : — I arrived here 24th being very rainy and
disagreeable march my regiment did not arrive till
yesterday on arriving made strict inquiry for General
Lovell and from reports expected him in town from
day to day till yesterday even when an express
arrived with a letter from Rev. John Murray dated
Georgetown, Aug. 25, the following is a paragraph

" I proceeded to Fort Western where arrived at midnight and
found the Como. with Major Brown, who is aid to the General
together with the secretary and several others of the General's
family, but not a word from himself since he set out from Penob-
scot in company with some Indians and an interpreter, together
with Maj. Todd, Col. Davis and Dr. Downing designing by the
help of the Indians to make a short passage by way of the
streams to Sebasticook, but now every one that undertook the
longest I'oute is arrived even the women. I have talked with



300 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

one that carried her babe not four weeks old and another of 62
that carried bed and provisions. At 3 o'clock Monday morning
an express set out for highest settlements on Sebasticook and
returned without tidings of the General, I then dispatched 2
faithful men from Fort Halifax with orders to follow the streams
and keep the Indian track until they had gone through and
informed Brig. Wadsworth at Camden of the result.

You will perceive from this narrative that my fears have been
alarmed for the General's safety Indians kept no faith unless
it appears to be their present interest to do so. Torres multiply-
ing the hope of reconciliation with a victorious enemy, and the
prospect of a present, even if it were a gallon of rum would be
a sufficient price for the life of an American to most of that class
of men : if the present express brings no better news than the
last I mean next to find a messenger to the Indians to demand
him, and a flag of truce to the enemy to enquire for him : we
have learned from a man that was lately taken in a canoe from
this river and carried to the enemy's camp and afterwards made
his escape, that the enemy are about embarking and are bound
for Townsend Kennebec and Falmouth."

Your Honor will observe by the above paragraph
that it is very suspicious that the Indinas have either
killed the General or delivered him to the enemy, and
what makes it more alarming is, the General's com-
mission as found in the woods by a soldier and the
gentleman who came express informed one he saw it
and read it, also from the above paragraph it appears
very probable the enemy intend to pay this town a
visit and in my opinion, this harbor from its situation
will be their first object. I shall therefore make a
stand here until I hear from the Hon. Board. I this
morning, ordered Capt. Vose of the Continental
artillery who Gen. Gates was pleased to detach from
his army with my regiment to immediately examine



LETTER OF COL. HENRY JACKSON TO MASS. COUNCIL. 301

in the state of cannon and ordnance at this port and
make return to me their situation.

The Sloop with ordnance stores on board remains
at Portsmouth waiting orders from the Hon. Board :
as she was not put under my direction and my not know-
ing what stores are on board her, cannot determine if
these will be wanted at this post. Yesterday the
Sloop Fanny Capt. Kilburn arrived here with provi-
sions from board of War at Boston, directed to my
care to be delivered to order of General Lovell for the
use of the retreating troops under his command : As
the General is not yet heard from and I am this
moment informed the Brig, of the County has ordered
Col. Mitchell's Regiment of militia to repair at this
post, and as part of said regiment is arrived and are
coming in every hour I have thought proper to deliver
the whole of the above cargo to Mr. John Lucas,
Commissary of issues to Gen. Lovell's army to be
delivered out to the troops : if it should be the deter-
mination of the Hon. Board to make a stand here, it
will be necessary to have a magazine of provisions
immediately formed in some place near this post as
the provisions now on land will not last more than ten
days. I would also recommend that a purchasing
commis. be appointed to purchase fresh provisions for
immediate consumption of the troops and the salt beef
and hard bread on hand be kept in case of an emer-
gency and by examination I find

this town and harbor is by no means in a state of
defense as but few of the cannons are fit for any long
service and if the Hon. Board should think proper to



302 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETT.

make this post defensible it will be necessary to have
a number of heavy cannon immediately sent here :
the militia are exceedingly destitute of arms ammuni-
tion and accoutrements as I find by enquiry that not
more than one half are armed and accoutred.

H. Jackson.



PORTLAND PRIVATEERS IN THE WAR
OF i8j2.

CONTRIBUTED BY CAPT. DANIEL O. DAVIS.
[Continued from page 183.]

Reports of Prisoners brought into the Port of Port-
land by the brig or vessel called the Dash, of Portland,
whereof George Bacon is Master from a Cruise.

Description of the Capturing Vessel.

Name, Dash, No. of Guns, three. Master, George Bacon, Com-
missioned, Portland. Names of Prisoners captured in vessel
Thinks 1 to Myself Oct. 26th, 1814, Thomas Henderson, Masters
Blate, Francis Collins, Midshipman, Richard Deloughry, Pilot,
James Torrey, Seaman, Thomas Eddy, Seaman, Thomas Hawey,
Seaman, William Rose, Seaman, Michael Hogan, Seaman,
Thomas Taylor, Seaman, John Clerk, Seaman, Jabez Lawrence,
Seaman, James Machan, Seaman, James Tight, Seaman, James
Right, Seaman, John Parker, Seaman, William Clerk, Seaman,
John Wesson, Seaman, William Dalton, Seaman, William War-
rell. Seaman, John Miller, Seaman, Thomas Foster, Boy, Com-
battants 1 each. (This prize appears under the American Flag
as a private armed vessel, Commission dated Nov. 1st, 1814, D.
O. Davis)



portland privateers in the war of 1812. 303

Remarks.

(Copy of Capts Certificate)
Port of Portland, Oct. 27th, 1814.
The above is a true report of Prisoners brought into the Port
of Portland in the Private Armed Brig Dash, Whereof I am
Master, (unsigned)

Name, Schr. Fox, No. of Guns, 13, Master Elihu D. Brown,
Commissioned Portsmouth, N. H., Name of Prisoner, James P.
Vinet, Cook, Captured in vessel Friends Adventnue, April 13th,
1814, Combattants, 1.

Remarks.

Collectors Office, District of Portland and Falmouth, April
19th, 1814. I hereby Certify, that 1 have Carefully examined
the within Report, and that I have verified the same by the
Prisoner on board who is found to be in number and description
as therein stated.

(Signed) Isaac Ilsley, Collector.

Port of Portland, April 20th, 1814.
I have this day received into My Custody one Prisoner agree-
ably to the Within Report.

(Signed) Hy. Thornton, Marshall of Maine.

Report of Prisoners brought into the port of Portland by the
prize Brig or vessel called the Ceres, Joseph Thomas, prize
Master, Captured by the private armed Schr. Lawrence, of Balti-
more, Edward Veazie, Commander.

Name, Schr. Lawrence, No. of guns, 9, Master, Edward
Veazie, Commissioned Baltimore, Prisoners, Neal W. Kennedy,
Ist Mate, Brig Ceres, and Thomas Burton, Seaman, Captured
April 25th, 1814, British Subjects.

Collectors Office, District of Portland
and Falmouth, June 8th, 1814.

I hereby Certify that I have Carefully examined the within
report and that I have verified the same by the Prisoners on
board, who are found to be in number and description as therein
stated. (Signed) Isaac Ilsley, Col.



304 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

Port of Portland, June 8th, 1814.
I have this day received into My Custody, two prisoners
agreeably to the within report.

(Signed) Hy. Thornton, Marshall of Maine

Report of Prisoners brought into the Port of Portland, by
Private Armed Vessells.

Description of the Capturing Vessell.

Name, Schr. Mammoth, No. of guns, 10, Master, Sam'l.
Franklin, where Commisioned, Baltimore, Names of Prisoners,
George Gilliard, Rank, Master, Nation, Brltisli. John Ramer,
2d Mate, Russian. John Eberg, Seaman, Swedish. John
Aldronds, Seaman, Spanish. John Piatt, Seaman, Swedish.
Peter Jonah, Seaman, Spanish. Lazare Ivaro, Seaman, Spanish.
Augustine Gersier, Seaman, Spanish. Antonio Ratalaw, Seaman,
Italian. James Thompson, Seaman, citizen of the U. S. Juan
Sebaro, Seaman, France, Captured in Brig Camelian, May 12th,
1814.

Remarks.

Collectors Office District of Portland and Falmouth, June 3d,
1814.

I hereby Certify, that I have Carefully examined the Within
Report, and that I have verified the same by the Prisoners on
board who are found to be in number and description as therein
stated. (Signed) Isaac llsley, Coll.

Port of Portland, June 3d, 1814.
I have this day received into My Custody eleven Prisoners
agreeably to the Within Report. (Signed) Hy. Thornton,

Marshall of Maine.

Report of Prisoners brought into the Port of Portland, State
of Massachusetts, by the private armed Brig, Grand Turk, of
Salem, whereof Holton J. Breed, is Master.

Name, Brig, Grand Turk, No. of Guns, 15, Master Holton J.
Breed, Commissioned, Salem. Names of Prisoners, George Knee-



POETLAND PRIVATEERS IN THE WAR OF 1812. 305

land, Mate, Captured in Indian Lass, April 13th, 1814, Com-
battant, 1. John Jones, Seaman, Indian Lass, Captured April
13th, 1814, Cobattant, 1. Richard Primrose, Seaman, Indian
Lass, Captured April 13th, 1814, Combattant 1. Joseph Pen-
dergrass. Boy, Indian Lass, Captured April 13th, 1814, Com-
battant 1. Thomas M. Graves, Boy, Indian Lass, Captured
April 13th, 1814, Combattant 1. Wm. Williamson, Mate,
Captured in vessell Catherine, April 11th, 1814, Combattant 1.
Peter Lingren, Seaman, Captured in Catherine, April 11th, 1814,
Combattant 1. Thomas Baker, Seaman, Captured in Catherine,
April 11th, 1814, Combattant I. Joseph Doyle, Cook, Vessell
Catherine, Captured April 11th, 1814, Combattant 1. Daniel
McCarthy, Boy, Captured in Catherine, April 11th, 1814, Com-
battant 1. James Leavy, Mate, Captured in Thomas & Sally,
April 13th, 1814, Combattnnt 1, James Lynch, Seaman,
Captured in Thomas & Sally, April 13th, 1814, Combattant 1.
Charles Sparks, Seaman, Captured in Thomas & Sally, April
13th, 1814, Combattant 1. George Fargusson, Seaman, Thomas
& Sally, April 13th, 1814, Combattant 1. James Parsons, Boy,
Thomas & Sally, April 13th, 1814, Combattant 1. Wm. Aber-
crombie, JVIaster, Captured in Thetis, April 20th, 1814, Com-
battant 1. Alexander Miller, Mate, Thetis, Captured April 20th,
1814 , Combattant 1. Robert Sim, Seaman, Thetis, Captured
April 20th, 1814, Combattant 1. Peter Johnson, Seaman,



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