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through the failure of Pierce. The first mill was on
the island, that of Conant on the main land.



BLOCK AND GAKRISON HOUSES OF ANCIENT FALMOITII. 45

Aii;^-ust 28, "1741, Moses Pearsons conve^-ed to Dan-
iel Godlrey, —

All right title ami interest in an<l unto twenty acres of land
lying near aii<l adjoining Sackrapy Falls on the S(»ulh\V('!st side
of Presiiin|iscot river, excepting and reserving to myself oi^t of
said twenty acres, three acres to be taken in any part thereof,
excepting where Joseph Conant and Said Godfrey are uow erect-
ing a Block tlouse.

To all investij^ators of the early history of the now
flourishing village of Sacccarappa, so far as I know,
the career of Joseph Conant is still shrouded in mys-
tery. As to his mill title and time of erecting the
structure, I have already let in a little light; but the
story (»f his first dwelling, and in fact tlje true story
of the lirst occupancy of Saccarappa remains to be
told, and it is my privilege and pleasure to state, that
among the files at York County court house in the
case of Waldo vs. Haskell, I have found a package of
depositions, valuable to the local student of history as
reflectors of light uj)on this hitherto dark place of
aneirnt Fahnouth. The depositions were taken in
1758.

Decem1)er 15, 1743, Rev. Thomas Smith records in
his journal : —

The General Courts' Committee are here fixing the place for
Block-IIousos, from Marbkhead to Berwick, six ; three further
east.

To this the compiler adds : —

Preparations have been making some time to defend the east-
ern frontier in expectation of invasion from the French, with
whom the English were at war.



46 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

In 1742, the compiler continuesj the government
constructed a breastwork at the foot of King, now
India Street, under direction of Enoch Freeman, in
•which were mounted ten twelve-pounders. They now
appropriated twelve hundred and eighty pounds for
defense of the eastern line, of which one hundred and
thirty-four pounds were applied to this town. Through-
out the country great activity prevailed in prepara-
tions for defense.

War was actually declared by France, March 15, 1744. The
war was proclaimed at Boston, June 2, 1744.

At a recent visit to the Massachusetts Archives I
found two papers bearing upon the foregoing, the first
dated November 11, 1743, as follows : —

Whereas it appears necessary from the apprehensions this
house has of a sj^eedy rupture between the Crowns of Great
Britain and France that the Inland Frontiers in this Province
be put into a better Position of Defence, Therefore, voted that
the following be & are hereby granted to be paid out of the Pub-
lic Treasury to be laid out in Some of the settlements in the
county of York, vizt. : Berwick £100; New Marblehead (Wind-
ham) £100 ; Scarborough £100 ; Gorham Town £100 ; Sheepscot
£100 ; Broad Bay, or to the Inhabitants at the Falls called Mado-
mack (Waldoboro), as the captain General may direct, ....
£75 ; Damariscotty 66£, 13s., 4d. To be laid out in the most
prudent manner in erecting in each of the before mentioned set-
tlements for their security during the War, a Garrison or Garri-
sons of stockades or of square Timber round some Dwelling
house or houses or otherwise as will be best for the security &
defence of the whole Inhabitants of each place, the committee as
near as may be to propotion the expense to the sums hereby
granted and the overpluss, if any, be returned into the Province
treasury, the committee to be accountable and produce vouchers



1



BLOCK AND GARRISON HOUSES OF ANCIENT FALMOUTir. 47

that iliey have paid for sai<l fortifications, as well for mali rial
ami the workmen emi>loyed.

Sent up for concurment,

T. Cashing, Spk.
(Vol. 72, pp. 370 and 371, Mass. Areliives.)

Ill the House of Representatives, November 11,
1713: —

\'oled, That the sum of One Hundred S: Thirty-three Pounds
four shillings & four pence be granted and allowed out of the
PuMic Treasury to the Order of the Town of F.dinoulh they
giving Security to the Province Treasurer that in case the}- fail
to perform the conditions annexed to the Four hundred pounds
— made to said Town by the Court of their Sessions began &
held in July, 1741, the money hereby granted shall be repaid
into the Province Treasury and Twelve months are allowed sd.
town to the performing the conditions of this grant,

T. Cushing, Speaker.
In Council rec'd and concurred.
(A'ul. 72, p. GG4, Massachusetts Archives.)

I am sorry to be obli<^^ed to state that the "condi-
tions" referred to as "annexed" I have not yet fonnd,
nor have 1 learned the purpose for which the appro-
priation of lour hundred pounds was made b}' tiie
Court of Sessions, in 1741, but presume it had refer-
ence to the fortification built in 1742, accordino: to
date of Willis, which I have (juoted. Rev. Thomas
Smith, however, makes no allusion to the matter, but
his notes of that period as printed are meager ami
somewhat disarranged l)y the first compiler; but the
Rev. Mr. Smith's entry, dated May 19, 1742, lets in a
little light upon the matter under consideration. He
says : —



48 MAINE HISTOEICAL SOCIETY.

We had a town meeting to see if the people would receive the
£1600 the General Court voted us. By reason of opposition
from Purpoorduck, nothing was done. Again on the 27th he
records : The people voted to-day to receive the money.

March 1, 1736, for a consideration of twenty pounds
Benjamin Larrabee conveyed to John Wait, coaster,
James Milk, shipwright, and WilHam Cotton, tanner,
all of Falmouth, "A certain gore of land on the Neck
where the town is now settled," ^ commencing the
bounds of the lot seventy-six and a half links from
Larrabee's dwelling, the " gore " then described being
the point of land — since somewhat enlarged — upon
which the soldier's monument is located in Portland.
The object of the parties in making the purchase was
evidently the construction of a place of defense in
case of Indian invasion ; the grantees w"ere not, how-
ever, town officials, nor can I learn that they acted, in
making the purchase, in any official capacity. Ten
years after the date of purchase, Rev. Mr. Smith, June
13, savs : " The neisrhborhood are now building a block-
house near Mr. Larrabee's for common defense."

October 15, 1753, the grantees above named trans-
ferred the lot " with the Block House standing " to
the county of York, " for the soul use, benefit, and
behoof of the said county for a prison house." ^

The mode of warfare as conducted by the Indian of
the time here noted was peculiar and demoralizing to
the white race. Rev. Thomas Smith's journal is re-
plete with notes. October 6, 1747, he says: "I prayed
with the Court. Justice came drunk all day." The

lYork Deeds.

2 For description of this lot, and matters connected with it, see Collections Maine
Historical Society, Series 11, Vol. ill.



liLOCK AND GARRISON HOUSES OF ANCIENT FALMOUTH, \'.)

next year, Jannary : '• There is no standard ; but
every man is getting what he can."

Ill addition to places of refuge provided by the gen-
eral government there were those provided by the
individual citizen. Isaac Ilsley had a garrisoned house;
he lived at Back Cove, where? Loreirzo P. Hawkins'
shoe factory now stands. Major diaries Frost, known
in our local history as Justice Frost, had one on the
opposite bank of the river, against Stroudwater.

The descendants of Captain Samuel Skillings, at
Long Creek, point to the spot where the '•• watch-box"
tood. At the parting of the highways, a half-mile
westerly of Stroudwater, the old well that furnished
water for the blockhouse that stood there, and still
remembered by our aged citizens, is even now to be
-een.

A deposition, from which I here present an extract,
tends to show somewhat of the feeling of insecurity at
Cape Elizabeth : —

I, Estlicr Knight, wife of Goorgo Ivniglit, testify and say, that
I am sixty years of age. My futher John Hootnian, moved my
mother with myself and live other cliihh'en from Purpoo<liick
side over into a house standiiii; near Antliony Brackett's orchard,
called John Bayley's house, and 1)}' his leave we lived in it about
six months; then my father move<l us back Mgain. Said moving
was in consequence of fear of Indians. I further sa}'^ that for-
ty-three years ago my present husband, George Knight bought
the house of John BaiK^y and took it down.

(^iven ai Gray Feb. 14, 1S07.

(Volume 51, page 270, Cumberland County Deeds.)

Ruth E. Knight, born April 30, 1818, residing with
her brother Nathaniel at Auburn, this state, both of
Vol. VI. 5



50 MAINE HISTOEICAL SOCIETY.

whom are unmarried, is a great-granddaughter of
Nathaniel Knight. To her I am indebted for the use
of the manuscript paper, of which the following is a
copy : —

This Indenture made the 30th Day of August Anno Domini
1746 By and between Samuel Waldo of Boston in the county of
[Suffolk & Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England
Esq'' of the one Part & Nathaniel Knight, Gentleman, & James
Bribb, Farmer, both of F;ilinouth in the County of York &
Province afores'' of the other Part, Witnesseth, that the sd.
Samuel Waldo tor & iu Consideration of the Rents & Covenants
hereinafter made and reserved, liatli & liereby doth Lease out
and to farm Lett unto them the sd. Natlianiel Knight & James
Babb for & during the Term of Three years next ensuing the
first Day of October next a certain messnge or Tenement in
wliicli J;imes Averj' late of F'almouth aforesaid, Farmer, dwelt,
together with the Cornfield & I'asture & Wood Land thereto
adjoining, containing about 'J'hii ty seven Acres be it more or
less, & is bounded as follo^vs, beginning at a stfike on the Road
leading to Stroud water P'alls, being near the head of a Gully by
a Large pitch pine tree & running North 48 ^ East Eighty Rods
to a Creek ne.ir C'apisic marsh, then South 42 '^ East Sixt}^ Eight
rods to a Stake upon a point of upland, then South 48 '^ West
Eighty-Eight rods to the road, thence to run to the Stake first
mentioned leaving the Breadth of a three rod highwMj' on the
Northerly side of the land lately sohl by said Waldo to Joseph

Small The whole to be exclusive of Marsh, And as

Rent for the Premises the aforesaid Nathaniel Knight & James
Babb do hereby bind & oblioe tliemi^elves, their Heirs, Execu-
tors, Administrators to pay to the sd. Samuel Waldo four Pounds
new Tenor p. Anum, & to erect within Three mot.ths & main-
tain during the Term afores'd a good and substantial and suffi-
cient L<igg fence round the whole of the sd. Tract & more sspe-
cially next adjoining to sd. Waldo's Marsh at Capisic, which
shall there be at least four feet & a half in Height besides the
Top Ridei-, so as that the same shall sufficiently keep off Swine



BLOCK AND OARIIISON HOUSES OF ANCIENT FALMOUTH. ')!

or any Cattle from entering up'>n the sd. marsh thru' any of the
hereby leased Laml & Premises, & leave the sd. Logg Ft-nee at
the etui of the Term of Three years in good Repair. And the
sd. Nathaniel Knight & James Habh do further Ijind and ol)lige
themselves that the IjOggs of the whole fence shall be of snita-
able Subsistance so as to be servicable for Eight years at hast,
and to build within six months next ensuing on the premises
near the High Way or Roatl aforementioned a good & substantial
Log House of Forty feet in Length & Eighteen Feet in Width
at the least, with two Flankers, two Stories in Height, Twelve
Feet Square well adai)ted to defend. And the sd. Samuel Waldo
hereby covenants with the sai<l Nathaniel Knight & James nal)b,
that in Case at the Expiration of this Lease He, the said Waldo,
Ids Heirs, Executors or Administators, shall not pay them the
appraised Value of sd. Garrison House, they the sd. Nathaniel
& James shall ifc hereby have free Liberty & full Power to le-
move or carry off the Same from the Premises. And the said
Nathaniel & James do hereby further Covenant »fc agree that
they will not plant or si>w above six Acres of the same in any
one year and they thereafter lay down S(L Tillage Laud in a
good Husbandlike manner and sow it with good English Grass,
and s|tre;id u])on the sd. Land all the I)un<4 which their Slock
during the whole time may make. And further it is agreed
that in Case the sd Natha' Knight & James Babb shall not
within two months next ensuing erect the Fence on the rear of
Leased I'reinises effectually to secure on their jiart the Salt
]\Lirsh as afore proposed that this lease and every pait thereof
shall be void and of no more Effect, and any thing aforegoing to
the Contrary notwithstanding. Also that the sd. Samuel \Valdo
if he see meet may dear & improve for Tillage or Grass any part
of the (lough or Wood Land within the Leased premises which
is not now or has not heretofore been cleared, without prejudice
to this Lease or being subject to Payment of any j>art nf the
Charge that may arise by making the Fence aforesaid. And at
the End of the Term of this Lease or the Exjiiraton of the i)res-
enl W.ir, if it sooner hapj)en, deliver up to sil Samuel WaMo or
his Heirs quiet & Peaceable I'ossessiou of the Premises. For



52 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

the true Performance of all & Every Article of & in this Lease
the Parties do hereby bind themselves, their several and respec-
tive Heirs, Executors or Administrators Each to the Other in the
Penal Sura of one Thousand pounds Lawful Money of New Eng-
land. In testimony whereof they have hereunto interchangably
set their Hands and Seals the Day & year first mentioned.
Signed sealed & Delivered

in the presence of vs

Samuel Moody

Isaac Ilsley

A piece of the paper upon which the agreement was
written is cut out where the signatures should appear.

Whether or not the four foot and a half fence inde-
pendent in measurement of a log top rider, or the
great log house, with its two-story flankers, was actu-
ally built, I have in my researches found no proof.
The site was admirably chosen on the hillock situated
northwesterly as Stroudwater is entered from a north-
easterly direction.

One entering the ancient village with a love for nat-
ural attractions cannot fail to notice the situation.
From the top of the elevation the landscape view is
one well calculated, at full tide of Fore River, to re-
pay the beholder. From the base of the adjacent
" mountain " flows in great abundance pure, cool
water. The supply is truly wonderful. A fourth of a
mile in a southerly direction stood the Stroudwater
mills — a paper mill by a dam near the present bridge,
its location noticed in two or more records — and a
double and single saw mill by another dam a few rods
above, according to Alfred court records, in case of
Waldo vs. Trickey, 1758. A fourth of a mile easterly



FIRST MENTION OF PEMAQUID IN HISTORY. 53

from the site of the place of proposed location of the
log house and flankers stood the Capisic saw and grist
mill and two dams.

The water of little Capisic Pond and Stroiidwater
River turns the water wheel of to-day as it did at the
time to which I now allude, and the earth's surface sur-
rounding the places remains unchanged, but all traces
by landmarks of the mills and dams, and fortifications,
and Indians, have departed, and the true story of the
same can never be told in detail. The shrewdness, if
not craft, however, of Waldo, is plainly visible in the
copy of the instrument above presented.

The place selected as a place of defense and as a
place of earthly subsistence for those too brave or too
poor to leave when molested by the sly, artful, treach-
erous savage is now known as the Dole farm, and the
site chosen for the proposed great log house and Hank-
ers for protection was near the present mansion house
built in 1770 by Capt. Daniel Dole, and is still owned
by possessors of the name who occupy the premises.



THE FIRST MENTION OF PEMAQUID IN
HISTORY.

BY UKV. IIKNRY S. BURRAGE.

7?ead before the Maine IIMorical Society, Se]>tember 7, 1S94.

Pemaquid, historically considered, first comes into
view in connection with Waymouth's voyage to the
coast of Maine in IGOo. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, in



54 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

his Briefe Narration, says that Waymouth, " falling
short of his course, happened into a river on the coast
of America, called Pemaquid." According to Gorges,
Waymouth in this voyage had been employed by Lord
Arundel of Wardour "for the discovery of the North-
west passage." An earlier voyage made by Way-
mouth had reference to such a discovery, and Gorges,
who wrote his Briefe Narration about half a cen-
tury after the voyage was made, doubtless had in
mind this earlier enterprise. The voyage made by
Waymouth in 1605, however, unquestionably had its
inspiration in the voyages of Gosnold and Pring, and
was undertaken for further exploration, with a view
to the colonization of some part of the New England
coast visited by them.

Gorges, in the statement cited, however, evidently
does not mean that the river which Waymouth dis-
covered was called Pemaquid, although the language
he uses Avould naturally be so understood, but that
this was the name of the tract of country ^ through
which the river flowed. This is the view of the late
Dr. Edward Ballard,^ who refers to Capt. John Smith's
statement, that Way mouth's (Rosier's) Relation de-
scribed " Pemaquid." ^ J. Wingate Thornton, in his
Ancient Pemaquid^ doubtless uses the word with
the same signification when he says, "Waymouth
seems to have sailed from Pemaquid directly ior Eng-

J Capt. John Smith in his Generall Ilistorie of Virginia, etc. (Riclimond, 1819),
Vol. II, page 173, says, "Tliis part of America (l)etween the degrees of 38 and 44)
hath formerly beene called Norumbega, Virginia, Muskoucus.Peuaquida, Caunada,
and such names as that ranged the coast pleased."

*Pophan) Memorial VoUime, page 313.

3 Capt. John Smith's Description of Xew England (Veazie Reprint), page 22.

♦Collections of Maine Historical Society , Vol, v, page 156.



FIIIST MENTION OF rKMA'^lII) IN IIISTOKV. ').')

land." There is no evidence that Wayiiioiith's vcs-<d
\\a> at PeiiiJKinid except in thin general sense of the
word. lie .sailed for England from Pentecost Harbor.
There is, however, ii connection of Wayniouth's voy-
age of 10(l-j with PniKKjuid, meaning the peninsnhi
now bearing that name, which Rosier's Relation brin;'s
into view.

Identifying the Pentecost Harbor of Wayniouth's
anchorage with the present St. George's Ilai'hor. I
will brielly give the facts stated by Rosier whicii con-
nect Wayniouth's voyage with what is now known as
L\'ma<iiiid.

While Waymouth's vessel, the Archangel, was in
Pentecost Harbor, some Indians in canoes approacheil,
and linally were induced to come aboard. Other In-
dians "from the maine" subsequently joined their com-
panions, and all were kindly treated by Waymoutli
and iiis men. After several days, friendship having
been finally established, the Indians by signs expresseil
a desire that their new white friends should go with
them "to the maine " in order to tratHc. With about
iifleeii of his men Waymouth accompanied the Indians
thither, but for })rudential reasons landed only one of
liis men at the point where the Indians were assem-
bled, and Rosier adds, they ''would have di-awen vs
further vp into a little narrow nooke of a river, for
their Furres, as they ])retended.''

Dr. B. F. DeCosta (Massachusetts Historical Society
Proceedings, Vol. xviii, page 101, note) says : "' That
this -little nook of a river ' was Pema([uid Pvivt-r ap-
pears from the fact, as Strachy says, Waymouth dis-



56 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

covered not only ' the most excellent and beneficial!
river of Sagadahoc,' but ' that little one of Pemaquid.' "
Kosier gives no name to the river discovered by Way-
mouth, and no mention of " this little nooke of a
river" can in any way be magnified into a discovery.
He gives it no such prominence. It seems more than
probable, however, for reasons that will appear later,
that the point where the Indians were assembled when
Waymouth approached the main land was on the
peninsula of Pemaquid, but at the entrance of New
Harbor, and that the " little narrow nooke of a river "
was the creek at New Harbor, on the southern side,
near the point at the entrance.

Subsequently, while at Pentecost Harbor, Waymouth
kidnapped five of the Indians with whom he had
traded, and carried them to England. Rosier gives
their names as Tahanedo, " a Sagamo or Commander,"
Amoret, Skicowaros, Maneddo, "Gentlemen," and Saf-
facomoit, " a servant." ^ " They were all of one na-
tion," says Gorges, " but of several parts and several
families." From them Gorges, Popham, and others
interested in American colonization, obtained much
information concerning the country. Indeed, these
Indians, in this way, as Gorges tells us, were " the
means, under God, of putting on foot and giving life
to all our Phintations."

In August, 1606, Gorges fitted out a vessel, under
the command of Capt. Henry Challong, for further
exploration of these shores. Two of the natives
brought over by Waymouth were placed on Challong's

J Johnston, Popham Memorial, pas^e 294, note, says this is a misprint for Sassaco-
moit, as the Abnaki Indians never used the letter f.



FIRST MENTION OF PEMAQUID IN HISTORY. 57

vessel, and he was instructed to keep a northerly
course to Cape Breton, and then to follow the coast
southward " till they found by the natives they were
near the place they were assigned to." But the cap-
tain was taken sick not long after leaving port, and
the ship's course was then shaped for the West Indies.
There the vessel was captured by the Spaniards, and
with other losses Gorges includes "both of my na-
tives."

Not long after Challong's departure, Sir John Pop-
ham sent hither another vessel, of which Thomas Han-
ham was commander and Martin Pring, master. They
were to assist Challong in the proposed exploration.
At least one of the Indians, Tahanedo, accompanied
the expedition. The vessel reached its destination in
safety. Not finding Challong, however, Ilanham and
Pring made " a perfect discovery of those rivers and
harbors " to which their attention had been directed
by Gorges, and then, in the autumn, possibly in April,
1607, leaving Tahanedo, the Indian chief, they returned
to England. It was " the most exact discovery of that
coast that ever came to my hands," wrote Gorges.

Ilanham and Pring prepared and probably published
a Relation of this voyage. The Brief Relation of'
the " President and Couucell for New England," pub-
lished in 1G22, refers to Hanham and Pring's Relation.
Rev. Samuel Purchase had a copy of this Relation
about 1G24, but it disappeared and has not reappeared.^

The report brought back to England by Hanham
and Pring made such an impression on Sir John Pop-

1 Brown's Genesis of the United States, Vol. i, page 99,



58 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

ham, Gorges and their associates, that the Popham col-
ony was sent out in the summer of that year.

The earliest mention of Pemaquid in history occurs
in connection with the narrative of the Popham col-
ony found in the summer of 1875, in the library of
Lambeth Palace, London, by Rev. B. F. DeCosta, d.d.,
of New York.i

Two vessels, the Gift and the Mary and John,

brought the Popham colonists to our shores. The

first to arrive on the coast was the Mary and John,

August 6, having sighted the Camden Hills — " three

heigh mountains that Lye in upon the Main Land near

unto the ryver of penobskot." Capt. Gilbert stood in

toward them until noon. Changing his course then to

the west, he sighted the three islands of the Matinicus

group. The narrative then continues : —

From hence we kept still our Course West & Weste by North
towards three other lilands that we Sawe Lyenge fi-om these
Illands beffor spoken of 8 Leags and about ten of the Clok att
nyght we recovered them & havinge Sent in our bott beffor
nyght to vew ytt for that ytt was Calme a to Sound it & See what
good ankoringe was un ler ytt we bor in w^'^ on of them the
w"^^ as we cam in by we still sounded & founde very deep watt^' 40
fethora hard abord of yt. So we stood in into a Coue In ytt Ss
had 12 fethom watt'" & thear we ankored untill the mornynge.
And when the daye appeared we Saw we weare environed Hound



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