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REYNntps: HI3"TORICAL
GENEAi-OwirY COLLECTION



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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY ,



3 1833 01783 1246



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/collectionsofmai11inmain



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lU. >■. .^r-M vr ur WuK. T.\ .Ti.r.rMTu.; HiUoiKn anp .Tcnathav CiicKKM.SAF. .
i'.. i'.wnM-ri ifti.v in-: V.u.i.y F.Era;!>> cr tk£ I'rovinxt: of Mai-nk. . •
V 1:. ...-,;as i,r iir..r.,E •■■L';svf:~. Gk-.rge Lkv.is, li-M:v Y.'tri.s CKOF.or. DrEiirNO,
J-.;(s SMMii. ASH M !.■(•' ihi. Mrn - iy, ix 1C«, ro.-..:i.r,s; - .'i the :siisc.u;ku<..es of

V,';-,.i;T Na^u i.\- 'iUE CuHi Or Maixi;

^i. 71,-:, >; .;sj?:^i'.v ,.} n:L In;; 'i^jtants of BiACt roixr. Jii.rK roiXT; and Falmv.i;iit,

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"Vn.. rr-iu-'S i.-r K^^-.^^Fi' C.Oi-in'y -cr- the OorEuxMEXT or >.fAS?ACiivsi:rr.-i ix 1054.
'::-:. A rtrsv.-.,:s ir.-M -a- ivi! •.•.utaxis op Yoi:7c, Kit:k.".t, SiifO, Wru.>r, axd C^ff,

J'vSfr.-,, 50 .'snEn Qv.nX-f.KI.U AX-iViT 12, lOr.G

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XIII. T,ETTERS \rRITTEX WHUH OX AX EXPEMTION AC?.'^5? IirS ST\TE OF MvlVK TO ATflO:

QrEn.-^c. IN 1TT5, by Coi.. HnxEmri Arx^.U): with .v .loiitNAi. of .v t.u t. r:'.!>M
THE St. Lawrence to the Kennkuec. .-!rppo?F.D to hate keen mvpe uv Cui..

MONTRESOP., chief" OF TIIF. E.VCINEER DEPARTMENT, AUniT THE YEAR 1700.
XIV. A JOIT.XU, OF THE EXPEDITIOX TO QlEUEC IN ITTo. BY ATlLLIAM Al.IEX. .



A r P E N 1) I X



r. A.nroy — Cle.'-'.ve- v. Winter. 1C40

II. Petition or R.'.iirRT JoRrA.\ to KiobVs C'1Vi;t. lt:4?.— Invvmorv ^>y Ti'.ei.av.-

EilATE, AND DZCKLE

HI. J^-I..v^;vxT — Cli-KV- v. WiNTn: — Dkoi.araujn ant. An-^wer

IV. IiiusE — Sir F.'Ciir.i.vANr-j GoRr,.';s lo Cleeve? and Tixser, ICOi.

Letters OF Sir I'ERt'iNANTjO Gorues, )lii-s\Ri' ''.ine-. Kzv. Ti; .m ■.* .Tenn.'-.r. f!r.

CLEEVE<, and OiHEES, TO GOVERN';:'- V\'jNIHr.OP AND OTI'.Er.S. 10y7-H-'40,.\
F.tC-Sn-nLE SIGNATIRES

T. Extracts vt.ysi JC'HN Jocei.tn's A'oTAr.E

VI. Ito;>i.K-. Jor.i'AN'i V.iij.

VH. I)nv» EF.OM Inman .?AGA.-«oaE5 to Geokoe MrNioY, 1":C'3

.HI. Deed from Presiuevi IUnfostu to tiis TiarTEES of rAi,ii'juin, 1'3S4. .

TX. P\?ERs r.Ei.AiiNj to George Bf-amhall

INEES



f'6



ISOTICE TO THE niESEXT EDITION.



r.i- r"n-t vul'Jine of the- " Collocti..u« of the Maine Historical Society " l;as boon out of \>npi T r
fr v..-ral y.-.irs. As tivc additioual voUiines Lave, fioiu time to tiuic, l.teu published, the d.iiiai..! for
>M finit volume, to coiiipleto the sets, has been coutinually iucroa?ins. The wciety have tlierofoi o
•.-';.rK:!ua«-d to rejirint the first volume, and in doing so tlioy improve the occasion to make Buch
corr-Hrtions and additions as experience and the lapse of time render expedient and useful.

It ic now forty-two years since the organization of tlie society, under a cluirter granted to f'.rfy.
tiinu of tho most res]vectcd citizens of the State. Of these, but nwe survive. 'VVlien tlio t'.r^t
T.,.lnmc ^r;!s pullislied, il;irty-three years ago, the .v>ciety consisted of one hunch-cd and thu-ty-fivo
nit rnbvr?, of \^hom tlurty-ii ve are living. A ii~t of the present retideut and corresponding members
!» contained in tho sixth voliuuo.

Oa tho publication of the Oist volume, our stxiety was i>oor and stn;g:-'Iing with many difficniti's
Wf hiKl n; funds, an.l depended for oitr ways and mc;ins on our annual assessment, with di3i uliy
fs.Il^t.-l, and from some members not at all; audit was not until, by the great exertions of the
Ul^ Jolm McKwu, a grant of a lialf-township of land was obtained from the State, that any ease,
ivr aciuch proCTOss attended our exenions. Little interest liad pre\iousIy been taken among our
jv^l-le in historic.il stu-lies, and although our State furnished most ample materials for the anti-
•;>iirian cip'iorer, scarcely any persons wore fmnd ready to engage in the pursuit. Few historical
•;«• lit'-mrr works bad, previous to the publication of our original volume, lH;cn issued from any press
t;> ll..! Stat.-. Gov. Sullivan's liistorj- of Maine appeared in lTfi-5, from tho Boston i>ress.
• A »^»tj»tiisl \ii.w of the Di-^trict of Jlain'-,"' by Moses Greenleaf, was pubUshed by him in
IV^ti-tt. la 1 ■iJ'J. Greeiil- affi Ecclesiastical Sketches of M;iine, a most valuable work, was puML^hed
IS I'iil, 41 p..lt^inollth, i:ud the same year >Lr. Freeman's edition of the Kov. Jlr. Smith's journal
ti^i'iUfift-.a-.ii. l'ortl;4nd prc-N-. Tlie latter two in duodecimo form. In 1S29, Mo?e3 Crrei^leaf
f.n,! U<i...il hi* hup of Miine, and accompanied it with an octavo volume of statistics rel\ti!JL' to
Wiifi*-. irvjjj-Tl with great care, and making an important addition to the history of the St.ae.
Tuit »&» iTltjtt^l in Portland. Tho next historical work preceding the publiciition of our fr^t
T^ljmo'untU*- '■JIL-torj- of S.-'CO and EiOdeford,'' in 18.30, by George Folsom, a memlKT of thi«
KV.irty, ^Uirh cjntaiued the result of much careful research, and j reserving many interesting and
valttitlo fact*. Ik?ide these, only a few brief articles in pamphlet form, or in the Slassachusetlfi
ilttt-.rfcal ColleclioBS, relating to Maine, had been pubUshci.

la l?ol, tlie voluui", of which the present is a reprint, made its appearance, the first of a series
of eix octavo volumes, wbicJi have been issued by the society, and which have produced no iucon-
Pivkr^ble effect in turiiing public attention to many points of gJ-eat interest in the early culoni/Uitioii
*nd proi;TC;.<sive liL;U)ry of our St;ite. llie present volume is i^sueil in the hope that it will still
furiher pxcitu historical investigation, promote the honor and u.-^-fuliiLrs of tho Maine Ill-:t"r:<;al
fi>-i. fy, and bhi-<) n.- v.- light upon our early history.

The adiitioual watt-r of this volume will be it-clu'led in brackets [ ].



LXTrvODUCTOKY IJE^IAEKS.

(Orii^aial Edition.)



h i-< as ii.itiinil f-T a jxunt: nruio;i as f'lr ;i young luaii to lu-'k iVrnvcnl to th'^ IV.tiiro lallior tlian
»j.-ick c-ii tlie i»;ut, to be inoie occui'iod by anticipation tliau rcticctiuii, ami to live ou liopu r;Uh(.T
than siifuiory. To such a nation, its liniitud cxiierienee offoi-s but few ol.jccts for inomory to dwcU
U]K)u, I'ut little Tvbich can tither gnitify scli-lovo or bring wnh it Sflt-roj. roach; but the unliound-.-d
fiuuie iiresputs itself drosseJ in the gayest colors of hope. TIio uiiivl loves to dwell ou the iiloaaiu?
vicious of auticijiated prosperity, while it fashions to itself, at v,a}, r career of successful enterprise
and iiouorabic fame; and, before the proud ;onscjc-Jsnes.? rf it^j untried strength has been chastened
by the lessons of experience, e^u^ilv and iiatui-ally slides into a {one of sentiuieul, partaliing a Utiles
of o^^tentation and vaia gioi^.

This has often been made by forciguei-s » matter of reproach to our counti-ymen. We aro told
soiaefiincs in a style of sarcasm, and sometimes in a tone of patronising s'.ipcriority, that Americans
love rather to tell of what they -wi'l do than of what they lis-, e done, and boa.^t more of what their
Ih-isterity will be than of whi>t their ancestoi-s have been. If such be peculiarly the habits of our
countrymen, thoy are the iiatTual result of our position and circumsrtunces. If our eyes are turned
f -nvjinl ratlK'i- than Ixi/.k, i', U ;iof because the past presents any thing humiliating to our pri Ic.
We are yet but a yo.iu!; tio-'ple, just emerged from our minority. All about us U yet youthful and
vigorous, and it is as e^ivient to foreigners as to ourselves, that we liave obtained but a small part,
of our growth. Tlie, immense extent, of i.-rritory under our jurLsdiction admits of an almost
indefinite extension of uatioaal pnwer; pad when v - c look foi-ward to the time when the niorvjh of
riviHz-iti.'ii luidcr o^^ free constit'.ti;;:;s and laws sluiU have passed the rocky mountains, and
l".",| - .:o.'.; cities and a cultiv.itoJ country shall be seen flourishing under our duiuinion, on tho
tl.orts of thii Pacific Ocean, a.Mttle. v.-etldrik, may be pardoned to the spu'it of exaggeration. It
KUKt te r. cold aud pUegmatic taupcr that is not warmed into sometldng of enthusia.sra, perhaps
of extravag:ance, in ccnt.en.pl.itiug what may, nay what certainly will bo our destiny as a nation,
if -.^0 are hue to oursrlv i. "".Vith such prospects before us. it is at least excusable to dwell on the
'Tilb>.rit fL'tnre with a httle Uior'^ complacency than do the inhabitants of other rountiies, whicli
h >\e already received the maximum of their growth, who have attained the zenith of theii- powei,
snd who must comparatively decline in the scale of natiofl'j as their neighbors rise.

JUit if we arc stiil a young p'-oi.le, we have \>i>^.r-i\ the iwriod of cliildliood. We have arrived at
an age in our national existence when there is a ^jUi and chastened pleasiu-e in looking backv.ai.l
us well as forward. The mossfti of niore th?.u fvo cer,((u-i' s have already gafhen.'d themselves on
•.l>c tombs of the first settlers. The early events of our national story are beginning to appear-
i.-^i'ty and indistinct in the tlistance, :\nd aic- fit>t ac'iuiring something of that hallowed interest tliat
be!<,ngs to autiquity. Tijo Ir.rge number of journaLs, memoirs, and other wi-itings, which have
tf en publWied vithia a, fov.' years relating to the early history of the country— tho aviditywith
which these have been received by the public, and the numerous historical and ami';uarian societi<-s
*i>iiftid for the puri-ose of colle.-ting and preserving the reconls of the primitive condition of the
<^^'"<ntry, and of its eariicst inhabitants, all serve to show that a lively and g. iieral inteiest is now
l.ej,lr,n;Rg to bo felt in what uny be termed, w;thjut doing much violence to the pioprietie;* of
la.n6::5gf, oiur ancient hlnory.



8 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

It was this foelicg that led to t}io estaliUshmeiit of the ftxiMy, thr fast xomnv of ^vh^.sp cclloc-
tioriS is now offorod to the public. Tho ohjfct of an historical society is not to furni-h a history of
the country, hut to coHoct and juvsi. rve autlientic materials, out of which it may he writt./n. As 3.
Bocicty, we can do nothing more than indicate the o>ijccts which more iiarticuLirly dcscr\e rtteution.
Tlie rest must be the work of in<lividual diligence.

One of the i5rst if not the very first object of interest to an American antitiuariau is whatever
relates to the original inhabitants of- tho country. Tliis siugiihu- and interesting peolile are now-
fast vaniihing from the face of the earth. Xatinn after nation of th.o race once exercising a pow-
erful sway, and extending their authority orer a wide extent oi country, liave already iii<;ii>p.ar.d.
Fuimus Irocs has long ago been recorded of tlie proud-st enipiros that adorned this western world,
and the inevitable doom of the nrjlanoholy remains of other tribe-, and nations, is already seal'-d
and cannot be Tcry long delayed. The utter extinction of an entire race of people, once occupyii-g
a whole continent, and constituting one of the gi'eat varieties of tho human nice, will bo one of the
most cxiraordinar.\ , and at the same tL'ue one of the most mc!aucliol3' events in the wlnde record
of history. And judging of tho future from our experience of the past, at the end of two centuries
more we can sc.T.rcely expect that tliero will romam a single pure and unmixed speciuK n of iho
primitive inli-ihitants of this country, as the representative of Ids raco in the wliolo extent of the
American contiuent.

Jn future ages, when this singu^.ir peoide shall live only in memory, their char.acter, mnnnrrs,
and history will become oljects of extreme curiosity. Kven- thing that can illustrate th.:ir man-
nei-s and customs, their civil polity, tlieir domestic habits, and their primitive reUgion, will bo
sought for with an avidity and an intcjisity of intorc:^!, of which wp of the present ago, who know
them familiarly, can fonu but a very inadequate idea. Then- btrange and romantic stoiy, so differ-
ent from that of the civihzcd races of men, the uncon-iuorablo firmness of their wild and sava^o
natiires, their daring spirit of adventure, their patient courage, and the steady and infloxiblo obsti-
nacy with wliich they refu.^ed to adopt the manners and incorporate themselves into the soci'^ty of
their civilized conquerors, even -when this alternative presented itself as the only possible mode of
escaping tho totid and utter extuiction of their race, will become the theme of popular i>oetry and
stirring romance. The traditions which they leave behind them under the creative hands of futuro
poets, will constitute tho true mythological or romantic period of our hislorj-. And they wiil not
only afford materials for the imagination of the poets, but subjects of curious speculation in phil-
osophy. Their moral and physical natures will; wo may c&.sily believe, become the objects of
profound pliilosophical investigation, and reasons will be sought for to exphdu a fact, so remarkable
and unique in (he history of tho world, as the entire extinction of a race of men, once composing
numerous and powerful nations. When a'harlKirous nation has been subjugateii by one of sur-erior
civilization, the usu;il result has been, that the conquered people have adopted the manners of
their conquerors, liave become mixed with them by intermarriages, and the two nations havr; soon
become amalgamated into one, lea%ing no rtsible trace by which the different origin of the indiv:-
diiahs can be distinguished. But the American Indians instead of adopting the manners and arts
of their conquerors, instead of beconung incorporated with tliem by intermarriages, liave kept
themselves separate, have rapidly declined and melted away, and di-sapjiearod like snow before the
bummer sun. They have steadily and sullenly refused to adopt modes of life wliich they see pre-
vaihng ainop.g their more refined n'-ighbors. All attempts to introduce among them tiiu arts and
Bcionces have nai.-d; even the most common and useful arts, Inve been received among tiiew, but
to a very limited extent, and that with a Biilien and disdainful leluctincc; and in proportion as
they Iiave been received, the nobleness and generosity of ti.'ir wild miture has been debasc-d by
the vices of civilization, instead of being elevated and advriird by its refiiKiMcnts and grace.-J.

The causes which havo made tlic n;itiv-s of this country an exception to all tlio other cxp''rienre.^
of the world, are well worthy the inquaies of curiou-s and philo.-ophical minds, and will be likely
to ( xcite a l.igher iuterest as they recede more and more from future age.-!. Tliiy seem to imply a
difference, if n.'t an iiiferioiily of nature. K-erythiug tiicrefore w hicli c:in s.rvo to )llusti;it.- th- ir
chaiiicter, whether iu their priaiili\e and natu.al itale, or iu their decline and degoiierat" ■"'»-



IXTRODUCTOnY REMARKS. 9

ijiiion ninler the dtlelorious iiiilmuce nf their civilized eouqiivrors, iiiu^t always l^o i-tg-rr.-i'.eJ with
pn-af iiit.rost.

W'liiUovor rolatos to (ho first sottl.ni.iit of the country by our ancestors; all tliat cm contritut.'
lo illustrate their ohai-aeter, tlieir trials aii^i sutiorinp:, and the iirimitivo institutions; of the eorli. ?t
settlors comes to ourmind with another and t^till deeper interest. It is the early e.st.ll■li^h:uents
of a lieople, the manners, habits, opinions, and modes of tliinking which prevail at this tiuie, that
most deeply imprint thcm.=elvcs on the national character. The iniiirossicpns then m.ide are in
Iheir effects analogous to those made on the mind of an individual in tlie tender and susceptible
6j;e of cliildliood. Opinions and creeds are adopti-d with but little exammation, and they take
their place in the mind, and fix themselves with a firmness, Jjearinj; a pretty jr.st proportion to
the focility vrith which they ;ire received. It is the age of credulity, and the faith of a people is
lively and strong iu exactly the s;tme degree as their reasoning powers and habits of observation
lire weak and uniuacticed. Tlieir oi>:nioiis, their maimers, and their taste.^, their religious belief,
tlieir civil establishments, and their holiday diversions, in succeeding ages pass into traditions and
bi-como fixed on the nation by habit: and their aecidf'iual and casual amusements as well as tiieir
wore important civil institutions become incorporated into the civil and social condition of tlieir
posterity, or at least produce upon them very perceptible and lasting elfeets. From this view of
the subject, it is eviiient that every thing which will throw light on the manners, opinions, tho
civil and social condition, and domestic habits of the first settlers of the country must have a deep
interest in the minds of their posterity. It not only gi-atities that natural and Iau<l;ihlo euriosity
which wishes to know, intimately and thoroughly, the character and condition of our progenitors,
but it will serve to explain in a great measure the causes of tliat civil and social state, wJiich -ne
now fifid actually existing.

This adherence to ancestral traditions does not indeed prevail in an equal degree among all
nations. Tho principle is seen to operate iu its full and entire vigor among the nations of Asia.
The manners, tho opinions, modes of scK-iul life, the laws and form of government which were
established there at tho earliest period to which written history extends, have been preserved by
aa almost unbroken tradition to this day. Kverything remains immovable and iirr haugcahle.
Tliis monotonous fixedness has given occasion to a lively writer to say that, " The Dust alwavs
motionless, does not exist in time, but lives only in space, the image and history of nature." In
looking back through thousands of years, on that primitive seat of tho human race, in contemplating
all tlie revolutions of jiower, wliicli have from time to time -s-isitcd and scourged its inhabitants
and beholding the same forms of government, the same civil and social condition, the same man-
ners, habits, customs, and beliefs, all remaining unchanged and immovable, so that a man who had
fallen asleep in the age of Sesostris, and awakened in that of Tamerlane, in mingling in society and
observing the actual forms of civil and social life, would find so little new, that he might sui.pose
he had slept but a single night ; the writer seems almost justified in saying tliut Asia lias n. t exi-.cd
in the succession of time, but in the unchangeabkness of eternity.

Other people indeed, at least, the Kuropean races, have not gone on like those of the cast, century
after century, in the beaten track of th-.ir ancestors, without change and without imi.rovemtnt.
The .more secluded a people are, the more they live within themselves, the slower will th-y be
to depart fnmi the customs of their ancestors, while tho moro free their intercourse with oJher
nations, the more rapidly will be effaced the vestiges of ancient manners. The Europ.-an tucp^ are
endued with a migratory disposition, a restlessness and vivacity of temper, which renders it impcs-
tible for them to remain stjitioncry, and keejjs them in a perpetual struggle to advance and improvo
their conditi<;u. But with the same general tendency to im),rovement, there are diversitie.-: of
character and taste which lead them in the path of improv.-m.iit in different directions; and the-
cause of these differences as they now exist, may be f und iu i.art, at le;u - t, in the ac iilutal diver-
sities of the civil and soc-ial conditi»jn of tho nations when they were yet rude, wiien the national
mind was iu its infancy, and received impressions which continued to iiuve an influence in g.ving a
direction to national manners and cusfoios for ages alter the causes, which pro'Iuced these inijires-
H'.'iis had ceased to exist. It is this Mlent infiuence of ancient customs and oi.iiiion- \^ l,i. P. reud.T.s



/o



MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY,



the iiriniirivo ann.ilf of pv.'i'y jn'oi'le. wUd liavi^ beroine reiiowiii-.l in history, so cnriou? and inftnic-
tive to a p)iilo?oiihic miiul. Ami it is this which should Io;nl us to collect with la.ms and p-,trioti.-
diligence, all the monuments auJ memorials which can j.lace in a full ami ek-ar ii^ht tlio peculi: n-
tios of ch;vrac1cr that belonged to our ancestors.

The most marked feature in their character has been generally supposed to be their piety or
Feuse of religious obligation. It is perhaps that which stands out in bolder relief than any other,
and is therefure more apt to strike a ctu-sory observer. But it may be doubted whetlier it is tiicir
mo^t peculiar and discriminating trait. This is one which belongs to them more in common with
the mass of mankind, than some othei-s. All people, especially in the earlier stages of the progress
of their improvement, arc strongly marked by tlieir devotitiu to the duties of religion, in some
form or other. The pilgi-ims of Xcw Jlnglaud were as mm-h distinguished by tiieir iinqnenchal^le
lOTc of cini liberty, a.s by their devotion to religion. If to tlieso be added the high but not exag-
gerated value they placed on the general education of all classes of the people, and a. hardy spirit
of enterprise which no obstacles or hardships could overcome or discourage, we sliall have a grcnp
of the most striking and salient traits in the character of the Xew England Pilgi-ims. These were
their governing and absorl)ing passions, and they are such as mark a gcnerons and proud elevation
of character. Their religion was intellectual, dwelling niore in tlie understanding than in the
imagination, and stripped of all the parade of external show which adilresses itself to the eye. It
was abstruse and metaphysical, adapted rather to sh;irpen the reasoning faculties, than to refine
and ptirify the taste; and while it drew its resources from a cultivated logic, it disdained and pro-
scribed the fascinating and elegant arts of painting ,aud sculpture a.s aids to devotion. Aboumling
in abstruse dogmas ;ind subtle distinctions, it was naturally disputatious. To maintain a i.Uspi:te on
the refined d.jgmas of a metaphysical creed, requires intellectual cultivation, and it was this meta-
phy.sical character of their religion, more perhaps than any other cause, that led them to place so
high a value on the a^ivantages of general education.

If the religion of the pilgrims was shaded with bigotry, and dishonored by an in-tolerant and
jiersecnting spirit, it is only a proof that they were not in all respects superior to the age in vhieh
th'v lived; and it shows the powerful and lasting influence of national traditions on the narioual
mind, that these very blemishes on the brightness of their religious character are iiov- pleaded, r3
an ajiology or justification of something like the same intolerance at the present day.

It will be an important as well as a pleasin.g part of the duties of this society, to collect ami
preserve all the jiieinorials remaining, which \till serve to illustrate the diaractcr of our ancestors).
If these exhibit some defects, they are such as belong rather to the age, than such as distinguish
them fiom their cotemporaries ; while the brilliant parts of the picture, particularly that zeal



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