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Notice to tab present emtio*?.

tXTRODl CTOR1 11: M IRKS. . . .

Acts of Incorporation of the Shi re.
By-Laws and Regulations.
Members of the Society. . .

Officers of the Society. .







I. History of Portland, Part I., with an appendix containing ancient documents.

li\ William Willis 19

II. Ax Account of Limerick. By Charles Freeman 325

III. An Account of Wells. Bt Jeremiah Hubbard and Jonathan Greenleaf. . . 336

IV. Extracts from the Early Records of the Province of Maine. .... :;r,:!

V. Depositions of George Cleeves, George Lewis, Henry Watts, George Deering,
John Smith, and Michael Mitton, in 1015, concerning the miscarriages of
Robert Nasii on the Coast of Maine. . , 382

Vr. Tpe Submission of the Inhabitants of Black Point, Blue Point, and Falmouth,

to the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, July, 1058. .,-... 38S

VII. Petition of Edward Godfrey to the Government of Massachusetts in 1051. . 390

VIII. A Petition from the Inhabitants of York, Kitteky, Saco, Wells, and Cafe

Porpus, to Oliver Cromwell, August 12, 1056. 392

IX. A Letter to John Endmott Governor of Massachusetts, from Edward Rise
worth, August 14, 1656.

X. A Letter from J. Curwine, in 1003, from London, about the affairs of New

England. 198

XL A Petition from the Inhabitants of the Province. of Maixe to King Charles II.

about 1080 400

XII. The latjs Governor Lincoln's MSS. Papers. Prefatory and Biographical

Notices 403

Remarks on the Indian Languages 412

Account of the Catholic Missions in Maine .428


XIII. Letters written- while ox an expedition across the State of Maine to lttack
Quebec, in 1775, ::y Cot. Benedict Arnold: with a journal of a tour from
the St. Lawrence to the Kennebec, supposed to have been made i;y Col.
montresor, chief of the engineer department, about the year 1760. . 447

XIV. A Journal of the expedition to Quebec in 1775. By William Allen. . . . 499


I. Action — Cleeves y. Winter, 1640 5:'.:'.

II. Petition or Robert Jordan to Rigby's Court, 1648, — Inventors or Trelawny's

estate, and Decree 5:;5

III. Judgment — Cleeves v. Winter — Declaration and Answer. . . . . . 541

IV. Lease — Sir Ferpinando Gorges to Cleeves and Tucker. 1637 543

Letters of Sir Ferdinaxdo Gorges, Richard Vises, Ret. Thomas Jenner, George
Cleeves, and others, to Governor Winthrop and other*. 1637-1646, with

fac-simile signatures 544

V. Extracts from John Jocelyx's Voyage 550

VI. Robert Jordan's Will 552

VII. Deed from Indian Sagamores to George Munjot, 1600 553

VIII. Deed from President Danforth to the Trustees of Falmouth. 10S4. . . . 554

IX. Papers relating to George Bramhall 555

Index 557


The first volume of the " Collections of the Maine Historical Society,*' has been out of print for
several years. As five additional volumes have, from time to time, been published, the demand for
the first volume, to complete the sets, has been continually increasing. The society have therefore
concluded to reprint the first volume, and in doing so they improve tie' occasion to make such
corrections and additions as experience and the lapse of time render expedient and useful.

It is now forty-two years since the organization of the society, under a charter granted to forty-
nine of the most respected citizens of the State. Of these, hut 7iine survive. When the first
volume was published, thirty-three years ago, the society consisted of one hundred and thirty-five
members, of whom thirty-five are living. A list of the present resident and corresponding members
is contained in the sixth volume.

On the publication of the first volume, our society was poor and struggling with many difficulties
We had no funds, and depended for our ways and means on our annual assessment, with difficulty
collected, and from some members not at all; and it was not until, by the great exertions of tho
late John McKeen, a grant of a half-township of land was obtained from the State, that any ease,
or much progress attended our exertions. Little interest had previously been taken among our
people in historical studies, and although our State furnished most ample materials for the anti-
quarian explorer, scarcely any persons were found ready to engage in the pursuit. Few historical
or literary works had, previous to the publication of our original volume, been issued from any press
in the State. Gov. Sullivan's history of Maine appeared in 1795, from the Boston press.
" A statistical view of the District of Maine," by Moses Greenleaf, was published by him in
Boston, in 1S16. Greenleaf 's Ecclesiastical Sketches of Maine, a most valuable work, was published
in 1821, at Portsmouth, and the same year Mr. Freeman's edition of the Rev. Mr. Smith"s journal
appeared from a Portland press. The latter two in duodecimo form. In 1S29, Moses Greenleaf
published his map of Maine, and accompanied it with an octavo volume of statistics relating to
Maine, prepared with great care, and making an important addition to the history of the State.
This was printed in Portland. The next historical work preceding the publication of our first
volume was the " History of Saco and Biddeford," in 1830, by George Folsom, a member of this
society, which contained the result of much careful research, and preserving many interesting and
valuable facts. Beside these, only a few brief articles in pamphlet form, or in the Massachusetts
Historical Collections, relating to Maine, had been published.

In 1831, the volume, of which the present is a reprint, made its appearance, the first of a series
of six octavo volumes, which have been issued by the society, and which have produced no incon-
siderable effect in turning public attention to many points of great interest in the early colonization
and progressive history of our State. The present volume is issued in the hope that it will still
further excite historical investigation, promote the honor and usefulness of the Maine Historical
Society, and shed new light upon our early history.

The additional matter of this volume will be included in brackets [ ].


{Original Edition.)

It is as natural for a young nation as for a young man to look forward to the future rather than
back on the past, to he more occupied by anticipation than reflection, and to live on hope rather
than memory. To such a nation, its limited experience offers but few objects for memory to dwell
upon, but little which can either gratify self-love or bring with it self-reproach; but the unbounded
future presents itself dressed in the gayest colors of hope. The mind loves to dwell on the pleasing
visions of anticipated prosperity, while it fashions to itself, at will, a career of successful enterprise
and honorable fame ; and, before tho proud consciousness of its untried strength has been chastened
by tho lessons of experience, easily and naturally slides into a tone of sentiment, partaking a little
of ostentation and vain glory.

This has often been made by foreigners a matter of reproach to our countrymen. We are told
sometimes in a style of sarcasm, and sometimes in a tone of patronising superiority, that Americans
love rather to tell of what they will do than of what they have done, and boast more of what their
posterity will be than of what their ancestors have been. If such be peculiarly the habits of our
countrymen, they are the natural result of our position and circumstances. If our eyes are turned
forward rather than back, it is not because the past presents any thing humiliating to our pride.
We are yet but a young people, just emerged from our minority. All about us is yet youthful and
vigorous, and it is as evident to foreigners as to ourselves, that we have obtained but a small part
of our growth. The immense extent of territory under our jurisdiction admits of an almost
indefinite extension of national power; and when we look forward to the time when the march of
civilization under our free constitutions and laws shall have passed the rocky mountains, and
populous cities and a cultivated country shall bo seen flourishing under our dominion, on tho
shores of the Pacific Ocean, a little, we think, may bo pardoned to the spirit of exaggeration. It
must be a cold and phlegmatic temper that is not warmed into something of enthusiasm, perhaps
of extravagance, in contemplating what may, nay what certainly will be our destiny as a nation,
if we are true to ourselves. With such prospects before us, it is at least excusable to dwell on the
brilliant future with a little more complacency than do the inhabitants of other countries, which
have already received the maximum of their growth, who have attained the zenith of their power,
and who must comparatively decline in the scale of nations as their neighbors rise.

But if we are still a young people, we have passed the period of childhood. We have arrived at
an age in our national existence when there is a sober and chastened pleasure in looking backward
as well as forward. The mosses of more than two centuries have already gathered themselves on
the tombs of the first settlers. Tho early events of our national story are beginning to appear
misty and indistinct in the distance, and are fast acquiring something of that hallowed interest that
belongs to antiquity. The largo number of journals, memoirs, and other writings, which have
been published within a few years relating to the early history of the country — tho avidity with
which these have been received by the public, and the numerous historical and antiquarian societies
formed for the purpose of collecting and preserving the records of the primitive condition of tho
country, and of its earliest inhabitants, all serve to show that a lively and general interest is now
beginning to be felt in what may be termed, without doing much violence to the proprieties of
language, our ancient history.


It was this feeling that led to the establishment of the society, the first volume of whose collec-
tions is now offered to the public. The object of an historical society is not to furnish a history of
the country, but to collect and preserve authentic materials, out of which it may be written. As a
society, we can do nothing more than indicate the objects which more particularly deserve attention.
The rest must be the work of individual diligence.

One of the first if not the very first object of interest to an American antiquarian is whatever
relates to the original inhabitants of the country. This singular and interesting people are now
fast vanishing from the face of the earth. Nation after nation of the race once exercising a pow-
erful sway, and extending their authority over a wide extent of country, have already disappeared.
Fuimus Troes has long ago been recorded of the proudest empires that adorned this western world,
and the inevitable doom of the melancholy remains of other tribes and nations, is already sealed
and cannot be very long delayed. The utter extinction of an entire race of people, once occupying-
a whole continent, and constituting one of the great varieties of the human race, will be one of the
most extraordinary, and at the same time one of the most melancholy events in the whole record
of history. And judging of the future from our experience of the past, at the end of two centuries
more we can scarcely expect that there will remain a single pure and unmixed specimen of the
primitive inhabitants of this country, as the representative of his race in the whole extent of the
American continent.

In future ages, when this singular people shall live only in memory, their character, manners,
and history will become objects of extreme curiosity. Every thing that can illustrate their man-
ners and customs, their civil polity, their domestic habits, and their primitive religion, will be
sought for with an avidity and an intensity of interest, of which we of the present age, who know
them familiarly, can form but a very inadequate idea. Their strange and romantic story, so differ-
ent from that of the civilized races of men, the unconquerable firmness of their wild and savage
natures, their daring spirit of adventure, their patient courage, and the steady and inflexible obsti-
nacy with which they refused to adopt the manners and incorporate themselves into the society of
their civilized conquerors, even when this alternative presented itself as the only possible mode of
escaping the total and utter extinction of then- race, will become the theme of popular poetry and
stirring romance. The traditions which they leave behind them under the creative hands of future
poets, will constitute the true mythological or romantic period of our history. And they will not
only afford materials for the imagination of the poets, but subjects of curious speculation in phil-
osophy. Their moral and physical natures will, we may easily believe, become the objects of
profound philosophical investigation, and reasons will be sought for to explain a fact, so remarkable
and unique in the history of the world, as the entire extinction of a race of men, once composing
numerous and powerful nations. When a barbarous nation has been subjugated by one of superior
civilization, the usual result has been, that the conquered people have adopted the manners of
their conquerors, have become mixed with them by intermarriages, and the two nations have soon
become amalgamated into one, leaving no visible trace by which the different origin of the indivi-
duals can be distinguished. But the American Indians instead of adopting the manners and arts
of their conquerors, instead of becoming incorporated with them by intermarriages, have kept
themselves separate, have rapidly declined and melted away, and disappeared like snow before the
summer sun. They have steadily and sullenly refused to adopt modes of life which they see pre-
vailing among their more refined neighbors. All attempts to introduce among them the arts and
sciences have failed; even the most common and useful arts, have been received among them, but
to a very limited extent, and that with a sullen and disdainful reluctance ; and in proportion as
they have been received, the nobleness and generosity of their wild nature has been debased by
the vices of civilization, instead of being elevated and adorned by its refinements and graces.

The causes which have made the natives of this country an exception to all the other experiences
of the world, are well worthy the inquiries of curious and philosophical minds, and will be likely
to excite a higher interest as they recede more and more from future ages. They seem to imply a
difference, if not an inferiority of nature. Everything therefore which can serve to illustrate their
character, whether in their primitive and natural state, or in their decline and degenerate con-


dition under the deleterious influence of their civilized conquerors, must always be regarded with
great interest.

Whatever relates to the first settlement of the country by our ancestors; all that can contribute
to illustrate their character, their trials and sufferings, and the primitive institutions of the earliest
settlers comes to our mind with another and still deeper interest. It is the early establishments
of a people, the manners, habits, opinions, and modes of thinking which prevail at this time, that
most deeply imprint themselves on the national character. The impressions then made are in
their effects analogous to those made on the mind of an individual in the tender and susceptible
age of childhood. Opinions and creeds are adopted with but little examination, and they take
their place in the mind, and fix themselves with a firmness, bearing a pretty just proportion to
the facility with which they are received. It is the age of credulity, and the faith of a people is
lively and strong in exactly the same degree as their reasoning powers and habits of observation
are weak and unpracticed. Their opinions, their manners, and their tastes, their religious belief,
their civil establishments, and their holiday diversions, in succeeding ages pass into traditions and
become fixed on the nation by habit: and their accidental and casual amusements as well as their
more important civil institutions become incorporated into the civil and social condition of their
posterity, or at least produce upon them very perceptible ami lasting effects. From this view of
the subject, it is evident that every thing which will throw light on the manners, opinions, the
civil and social condition, and domestic habits of the first settlers of the country must have a deep
interest in the minds of their posterity. It not only gratifies that natural and laudable curiosity
which wishes to know, intimately and thoroughly, the character and condition of our progenitors,
but it will serve to explain in a great measure the causes of that civil and social state, which we
now find actually existing.

This adherence to ancestral traditions does not indeed prevail in an ecmal degree among all
nations. The principle is seen to operate in its full and entire vigor among the nations of Asia.
The manners, the opinions, modes of social life, the laws and form of government which were
established there at the earliest period to which written history extends, have been preserved by
an almost unbroken tradition to this day. Everything remains immovable and unchangeable.
This monotonous fixedness has given occasion to a lively writer to say that, "The East always
motionless, does not exist in time, but lives only in space, the image and history of nature." In
looking back through thousands of years, on that primitive seat of the human race, in contemplating
all the revolutions of power, which have from time to time visited and scourged its inhabitants,
and beholding the same forms of government, the same civil and social condition, the same man-
ners, habits, customs, and beliefs, all remaining unchanged and immovable, so that a man who had
fallen asleep in the age of Sesostris, and awakened in that of Tamerlane, in mingling in society and
observing the actual forms of civil and social life, would find so little new, that he might suppose
he had slept but a single night ; the writer seems almost justified in saying that Asia has not existed
in the succession of time, but in the unchangeableness of eternity.

Other people indeed, at least, the European races, have not gone on like those of the east, century
after century, in the beaten track of their ancestors, without change and without improvement.
The more secluded a people are, the more they live within themselves, the slower will they be
to depart from the customs of their ancestors, while the more free their intercourse with other
nations, the more rapidly will be effaced the vestiges of ancient manners. The European races are
endued with a migratory disposition, a restlessness and vivacity of temper, which renders it impos-
sible for them to remain stationery, and keeps them in a perpetual struggle to advance and improve
their condition. But with the same general tendency to improvement, there are diversities of
character and taste which lead them in the path of improvement in different directions; and the
cause of these differences as they now exist, may be found in part, at least, in the accidental diver-
sities of the civil and social condition of the nations when they were yet rude, when the national
mind was in its infancy, and received impressions which continued to have an influence in giving a
direction to national manners and customs for ages after the causes, which produced these impres-
sions, had ceased to exist. It is this silent influence of ancient customs and opinions which renders


the primitive annals of every people, who have hecome renowned in history, so curious and instruc-
tive to a philosophic mind. And it is this which should lead us to collect with pious and patriotic
diligence, all the monuments and memorials which can place in a full and clear light the peculiari-
ties of character that belonged to our am - -

The most marked feature in their character has been generally supposed to be their piety or
sense of religious obligation. It is perhaps that which stands out in bolder relief than any other,
and is therefore more apt to strike a cursory observer. But it may be doubted whether it is their
most peculiar and discriminating trait. This is one which belongs to them more in common with
the mass of mankind, than some others. All people, especially in the earlier stages of the progress
of their improvement, are strongly marked by their devotion to the duties of religion, in some
form or other. The pilgrims of Xew England were as much distinguished by their unquenchable
]Ove of civil liberty, as by their devotion to religion. If to these be added the high but not exag-
gerated value they placed on the general education of all classes of the people, and a hardy spirit
of enterprise which no obstacles or hardships could overcome or discourage, we shall have a group
of the most striking, and salient traits in the character of the Xew England Pilgrims. These were
their governing and absorbing passions, and they are such as mark a generous and proud elevation
of character. Their religion was intellectual, dwelling more in the understanding than in the
imagination, and stripped of all the parade of external show which addresses itself to the eye. It
was abstruse and metaphysical, adapted rather to sharpen the reasoning faculties, than to refine
and purify the taste : and while it drew its resources from a cultivated logic, it disdained and pro-
scribed the fascinating and elegant arts of painting and sculpture as aids to devotion. Abounding
in abstruse dogmas and subtle distinctions, it was naturally disputatious. To maintain a dispute on
the refined dogmas of a metaphysical creed, requires intellectual cultivation, and it was this meta-
physical character of their religion, more perhaps than any other cause, that led them to place so
high a value on the advantages of general education.

If the religion of the pilgrims was shaded with bigotry, and dishonored by an intolerant and
persecuting spirit, it is only a proof that they were not in all respects superior to the age in which
they lived: and it shows the powerful and lasting influence of national traditions on the national
mind, that these very blemishes on the brightness of their religious character are now pleaded, as
an apology or justification of something like the same intolerance at the present day.

It will be an important as well as a pleasing part of the duties of this society, to collect and
■ e all the memorials remaining, which will serve to illustrate the character of our ancestors.
If these exhibit some defects, they are such as belong rather to the age, than such as distinguish
them from their cotemporaries ; while the brilliant parts of the picture, particularly that zeal
and holy perseverance with which they laid a broad foundation of a system of general education
of all classes of the people, at the public expense, and that zealous and enlightened spirit of liberty
which disdained all compromise with despotic or usurped power, and established as wise a system
of safeguards for the protection and preservation of civil liberty as has ever been devised, honorably
distinguishes them not only from men of their own, but of every other age of the world.

The plan of our publication will include particular and local histories of towns, and we would
illy call the attention of such as are disposed to contribute to our collections to the history
of the earliest settlements connected with anecdotes of persons, who have been most distinguished
for enterprise or influence in the early state of the settlements. Biographical sketches of
men remarkable for their public services or for any peculiar traits of character, topographical
nitains. rivers. &c, the natural history of animals, birds, and fishes,
accounts of the former and present modes of cultivation, and improvements that have been made
i i husbandry, description <■!" vegetable productions, minerals, ftc., observations on the weather and

Online LibraryMaine Historical SocietyCollections of the Maine historical society (Volume 13) → online text (page 1 of 51)