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Bj'-Laws and Regulations, v

Members of the Society, xi

Officers of the Society, xv


Addi'ess at Augusta before a special meeting of the Society,

February 2, 1855, By Wm. Willis, 1

Sandy River Settlement, By Wm. Allen, 29

Jones's Eddy on the Kennebec, By R. H. Gardineb, 41


Letter from Gen. Washington to Gen. Knox, 1789, with an
account of the First Woolen Maniifactory established
in the United States, By Augustus C. Robbins, 49


Bishop Burgess's Address at the Annual Meeting, 1854, 63


The Language of the Alinaquies or Eastern Indians, By

Wm. Willis, 92



Indian Treaties, 119

1. At Deerfield, Mass., 12.3

2. At Falmouth, ]\Iainc, 145

3. At St. George's Fort, Maine, 168


Appendix to the Language of the Abnaquies, By C. E.

Potter, 18,3


Memorial of Kitterj, 1751, 195


Ancient Settlement at Sheepscot, By Rsv. David Cusiimax, 207

And x\ppendix, by W. Willis, 22S


Memoir and Journals of Rer. Paul Coffin, D. D., of Buxton, Me.

1. Memoir, 239

2. Joimial of a Tour from Wells to Connecticut river, 1760, 261

3. " « " to Rhode Island, 1761, 207

4. " " "■ from Buxton to Piggwacket, 1768, 275
" " " from Buxton to Hanover, N. H., 1795, 293

6. " of an Eastern Mission, 1796, 301

7. " <' " " 1797, 337

8. " " " " 1798, 359

9. " " « « 1800, 385


Bridget Phillips' Letter to Edward Rishworth, 1684, 309

Errata to Language of the Abnaquies, 195

" to Coffin's Memoir, 407





Article 1. Those members of the Society, who shall reside in the State
of Maine, shall be denominated resident members ; all others, corresponding
memhers. Resident members alone shall be required to contribute to the
funds of the Society.

Art. 2. Each resident member shall pay ten dollars at the time of his
admission, and one dollar annually, to create a fund for the benefit of the

Art. 3, If any resident member shall neglect to pay his admission
money for one year after being appraised of his election,[^the said election
shall be considered void. And if any member shall neglect to pay his annual
assessment for the space of two years after it becomes due, the Treasurer
shall notify him of his neglect ; and unless payment shall then be made, he
shall no longer be considered a member of the Society. Each member, at
his election, shall be furnished with a copy of the By-Laws and Kegulations
of the Society.

Art. 4. All elections of officers and members shall be made by ballot.
No member shall nominate more than one candidate at the same meeting ;
and all nominations shall be made at a meeting previous to that at which the
ballot is to be taken. Pro\'ided, nevertheless, that, at any annual meeting, at
which not less than nine members are present, it shall be lawful to proceed
forthwith to ballot for and elect any person member, who shall have been
nominated at the same meeting, two-thirds of the members present concur-
ring in the vote to proceed to such election.

Art. 5. It shall be the duty of the President, and, in his absence, of the
Recording or Corresponding Secretary, to call occasional meetings of the
Societj', on the appHcation, in writing, of the Standing Committee, or any
five members.

•At the annual meeting, September 1, 1852, the collection of the annual
assessment of one dollar, was suspended, until further order.



The Recording Secretary shall ex officio be one of the Standing Commit-
tee. He shall fairly record, in a book kept for that purpose, all the votes of
the Society. And he shall notify all meetmgs of the Society, agreeably to
the By-Laws,


The Treasurer shall receive all moneys belonging to the Society, and shall
pay the same to the orders of the Standing Committee. He shall make and
keep fair entries in a book to be kept for that purpose, of all moneys re-
ceived and paid by him ; and at every annual meeting, shall exhibit to the
Society a statement of his accoimts, and the funds of the Society ; and shall
deliver the moneys on hand, books of account, and other property hx his
custody belonging to the corporation, to his successor in office.

No person shall be eligible to the office of Treasurer for more than five
years in succession ; the operation of this rule to commence from January
27, 1829.




The stars indicate death, and the date added, the year of death.

*Abbot John, Bowdoin College, 1840,
*Abbot William, Castine, 1849.
*Adams Joseph, Portland, 1850.
•Ames Benj., Bath, 1846.
Allen Frederick, Gardiner.
Abbott John S. C, Bruns^\■ick.
*Bailey Jeremiah, Wiscasset, 1853.
Balch Horatio G., Lubec.
Balch John, Ellsworth.
•Bond Thomas, Hallowell, 1827.
Bom-ne Edward E., Kennebunk.
Bradbury James W., Augusta.
*Bradley Samuel A., Fryeburg, 1844.
•Bradley Samuel, Saco, 1849.
•Bridge James, Augusta, 1834.
Brown Theodore S., Bangor.
Burgess George, Gardiner.
Boody Henry H., Brunswick.
Champlin James T., Water\-ille.
*Chapin Stephen, Waterxille, 1844.
*Chaplin Jeremiah, Water\illo, 1843.
*Clarke Wilham, Hallowell, 1855.
Cleaveland Parker, Brunswick,

*Cole Joseph G., Paris, 1851.
•Coney Daniel, Augusta, 1835.
Cummings Asa, Portland.
•Dana Judah, Fryeburg, 1843.
Dane Joseph, Kennebunk.
Davies Charles S., Portland.
♦Deane John G., Portland, 1843.
Downes George, Calais.
Dunlap Robert P., Bruns'wick.
Eastman Philip, Saco.
Ellingwood John W., Bath.
*Emerson Samuel, Kennebunk, 185l»
Evans George, Portland.
Everett Eben, Brunswick.
•Fairfield John, Saco, 1847.
Farley E. Wilder, New Castle..
Farrar Samuel, Bangor.
Fessenden Samuel, Portland.
•Fisher Jonathan, Blue Hill,. 1847.
•Freeman Charles, Limerick, 1850.
•Frothingham WilKam, Belfast, 1852.
•Fuller Henry W., Augusta,, 1844.
Garduier Robert H., Gardiner.



Gardiner Frederick, Lewiston.
*Grangcr Daniel S., Exstport, 1854,
*Grcealeaf Moses, Williamsburg.
*Gillet Eliphalet, Hallowell, 1850.
Gilman John T., Portland.
Goodcnow Daniel, Alfred.
Goodenow William, Portland.
Groton Nathaniel, Bath.
*Hasey Benjamin, Topsham, 1850.
Haines William P., Biddeford.
Hathaway Joshua W., Bangor.
*Hayes Wra. A., S. Berwick, 1851.
Hyde Zina, Bath.
* Holmes John, Portland, 1843.
Howard Josejjh, Portland.
*Ilsley Isaac, Portland, 1853.
Ingalls Theodore, Portland.
*Johnson Alfred, Belfast, 1851.
♦Kavanah Edward, New Castle, 1844.
Kceley Geo. W., Watcrville.
*Kellogg EUjah, Portland, 1842.
*King WilUara, Bath, 1852.
Kent Edward, Bangor.
♦Lincoln Enoch, Paris, 1830.
Lincoln Isaac, Brunswick.
Little Josiali S., Portland.
♦Longfellow Stephen, Portland, 1849.
*Loomis Harvey, Bangor, 1825.
*Mann Ariel, ILillowell.
;McGaw Jacob, Bangor.
!McIntire Rufus, Portland.
Mclveen Joseph, Brunswick.
McKeen John, Brunswick.
!McKeen James, Topsham.
*Mellen Prentiss, Portland, 1840.
Merrick John, Hallowell,
*Newman Sam'l P., Brunswick, 1842,
*Nourse Peter, Ellsworth, 1840.

*Orr Benjamin, Bnmswick, 1828.
Otis John, Hallowell.
*Packard Hezekiah, Wiscasset, 1849.
Packard Alpheus S,, Brunswick.
Parris Albion K., Portland.
*Payson Edward, Portland, 1827.
*Pond Samuel M., Bucksport.
Poor John A., Portland.
Porter Rufus K., Macliias.
Potter Barrett, Portland.
Preble William P., Portland.
Quinby Moses, Westbrook.
Robbins Augustus C, Brunswick.
Randall Benjamin, Bath.
Redington Asa, Augusta.
*Rose Daniel, Thomaston.
♦Russell Edwurd, Portland, 1835.
*Seaver Josiah, South Berwick.
Selden Calvin, Norridgewock.
♦Severance Luther, Augusta, 1855.
♦Sewall David, York, 1825.
*Sewall Joseph, Bath, 1852.
Scwall William B., Kennebunk.
Shepley Da\id, Winslow.
Shepley Ether, Portland.
Shepley George F., Portland.
Sheldon Da\id N., Bath,
Slmonton Putnam, Portland.
Smith Samuel E., AViscasset.
*St ebbins Josiah, Alna, 1829.
Smythe William, Brmiswick.
Tappan Benjamin, Augusta.
*Tappan Enoch S., Augusta, 1847.
Thatcher Stephen, Lubec.
Thatcher Peter, Rockland.
Thayer, Solomon, Portland.
Tenncy John S., Norridgewock.
Thurston Da^id, Searsport.


Upham Thomas C, Brunswick. Williams Daniel, Augusta.
*Vaughan Benjamin, Ilallowell, 1835. Williams Reuel, Augusta.

Vose Richard H., Augusta. *Williamson Wm. D., Bangor, 1846.

Ware Ashur, Portland. AVillis WilUam, Portland.

*Wells Geo. W., Kennebunk, 1843. *Wingate Joshua, Portland, 1843.

*AVeston Jona. D., Eastport, 1834. WoodhuU Richard, Thomaston.

Weston Nathan, Augusta. Williamson Joseph, Belfast.

Wheeler Amos I)., Topeham. Woods Leonard, Brunswick.

Wliitman Levi, Norway. Woodman Jabez C, Portland.



Allen William, Northampton, Mass. Hitchcock Rosewell D., New York.

Cole Jonathan, Salem, Mass. Kellogg Elijah, Boston.

Cutter William, New York. Longfellow Henry W., Cambridge,

Crosby William G., Boston, Mass. Nichols Ichabod, Cambridge.

Fales Thomas F., Waltham, Mass. Sabine Lorenzo, Framingham, Mass.

Folsom George, New York. Shepley Samuel H.

Greenleaf Jonathan, New York. Southgate William S,, Boston.

*Greenleaf Simon, Cambridge, 1853. Swallow George C.

Goodwin Dan'l R., Hartford, Ct. *Warren E. T., IlUnois, 1829.

Hodgdon John, Dubuque, Iowa.


Bache Alex'r H., Wasliington, D. C. Cooley Horace S., Springfield, Mass.
Bartlett Wm. S., Chelsea, Mass. *Dearborn H. A. S., Roxbury, 1851.

*Bowdoin James, Boston, Mass, 1834. Dewhurst Henry W., London, Eng.
Chandler Peleg W., Boston, Mass. *Farmer John, Concord, N. H.
Crabtree William, Savannah, Geo. Felch Alpheus, Detroit, Mich.
Cleaveland John P., Providence, R. I. Frotliingham John, Montreal, Can.
Cleaveland Nehe'h, Brookhoi, N. Y. *Gallatin Albert, New York.



Graham Maj, I. D., U. S. A., Wash-
ington, D. C.

Greenleaf Patrick H., Madison, Ind.

Hale Samuel, Somersworth, N. II.

*IIarris Thaddeus M., Dorchester,
Mass., 1842.

.Tenks William, Boston, Mass.

Jones George, Savannah, Geo.

Jones Lot, New York.

Johnston John, Middletown, Ct.

Kip William I., California.

Lawrence William B., New York.

Little Josiah, Newburyport, Mass,

liOgan William E., Montreal, Can.

Pike John, Rowley, Mass.
*Ilipley Eleazer W., N. Orleans, La.
Savage James, Boston, Mass.
Sibley John L., Cambridge, Mass.
Teft I. K., Savannah, Geo.
Thornton I. W., Boston, Mass.
Tuston Septimus, Washington, D. C,
Vattemare Alexandre, Paris, France.
Waldron Nath'l G., Portsmouth, N, H.
Washburn Emory, Worcester, Mass.
*Winthrop Thos. L., Boston, 1841.
Winthrop Robert C, Boston, Mass.
Wright Nath'l, Cincinnatti, O.
Woodman Cyrus, Mineral Point, Wis.





Robert H. Gardiner, President.

Parker Cleaveland, Corresponding Secretary.

William Willis, Recording Secretary.

John McKeen, Treasurer.

Alpheus S. Packard, Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper.

Publishing Committee.

William Willis,
LeOiVard Woods,
John S. C. Abbott,
Robert H. Gardiner,
John McKeen.

Standing Committee.

Leonard Woods,
James W. Bradburt,
Parker Cleaveland,
William Willis,
Robert P. Dunlap.


Albion K. Parris,
William Allen,
Ichabod Nichola,

Edward Russell,
Ichabod Nichols,





Stephen Longfellow, 1834.
Prentiss Mellen, 1835-1840.

Robert H. Gardiner, 1846—

corresponding secretaries.

1822. I Samuel P. Newman, 1828.

1823-1827. I Parker Cleaveland, 1829 —

Benjamin Hasey,
Benjamin Tapoan,
Stephen Longfellow,
William Willis,




Asa Cummings,
Joseph McKeen,
William WUlis,




Prentiss Mellen,
Albion K. Parris,
William Willis,



William B. Sewall, 1835.
John McKeen, 1836-


Edward Payson, 1822.

Parker Cleaveland, 1823-1828.
Samuel P. Newman, 1829 - 1833.

Henry W. Longfellow, 1834.
AlpheuB S. Packard, 1835-







Gentlemen of the Maine Histoeical Society: —

Ladies and Gentlemen: — It has been thought expedient
to hokl a meeting of the Historical Society at the Seat of
Government, at this time, for the purpose of making its
character more fully known, and of enlisting a more hearty
co-operation in the objects of the association. The labors of
the Society regard all parts of the State ; they arc not sec-
tional or partizan : its design is to trace and illustrate our
history from its earliest date ; to collect and preserve the
materials which lie scattered in early records, in public offices,
in rare, published and unpublished documents, and in private
families, which by neglect and the corroding process of time,
are rapidly passing to destruction.

It seemed peculiarly appropriate, when persons of intelli-
gence, activity and enterprise, are collected at the Capital,
from all parts of the State, to seize the opportunity of calling
their attention to the importance of rescuing from oblivion
and decay, the perishing materials which elucidate the char-
acters, the motives and the acts of those adventurers, who
first planted themselves on the coast of Maine, and opened
its territory to the light of civilization and the arts ; and
to trace the results.


The origin of tlie old nations of the earth, is like that of
our aborigines, hidden in obscurity or lost in myth and fable ;
while upon this continent, it is our privilege to be able to
explore the foundations on which our empire is erected,
and to follow its growth from its feeble beginnings, through
all its gradations to its present imposing magnitude and
beautiful proportions. We need still further gleaning in
this field, and further care to gather up and preserve, and
bring to the knowledge of our cotemporaries, whatever re-
mains of the doings, the motives and the writings, of the
actors in those early scenes.

Since the revolution, a strong tendency has been mani-
fested throughout the country in this direction. It is a nat-
ural tendency, it is the amor jpatrice, patriotism, or as Mr.
Burke happily expressed it, "that salutary prejudice called
our country," which leads us to recur with affectionate inter-
est to the place of our birth, and by a more comprehensive
love to embrace and enoble the whole nation to which we
belong. To this end Historical Societies have been estab-
lished in all the old States, which have drawn forth from
obscurity a mass of materials not known, or imagined to
exist, and have illuminated the whole track of the history of
the country, from its earliest colonization to the present day.
The Historical Society of Georgia, through the liberality of
the Government of that State, has procured from the public
offices in England many volumes of copies of invaluable
documents relating to the colonization of that State, in which
the earnest efforts of the venerable and philanthropic Ogle-
thorpe, and the pious and indefatigable Whitefield are fully
bodied forth- New York has gone still farther, and as her ori-
gin was from Holland, the State, at the suggestion of that His-
torical Society, has explored at great expense the archives


of Holland as well as England, and brought forth numerous
and most interesting details of her early life. The Historical
Societies of Maryland, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode
Island and New Hampshire, have been animated by a similar
spirit, and have labored long and well and successfully, in
their favorite spheres.

The first Historical Society in the United States, was that
of Massachusetts, established in 1791, under the auspices,
and at the suggestion of the distinguished Dr. Belknap,
author of the excellent History of New Hampshire, and of
the American Biography. He was aided in the work of
founding that Society, then quite a new enterprise, by Gov.
Sullivan, who by his History of Maine and his Land titles,
conferred a great benefit upon his native State, and entitled
himself to her warm commendation.

The latter work he addressed to the Massachusetts His-
torical Society, and says, in the address, " Our Society was
formed by the Government, under an expectation, that our
exertions would collect and preserve the means for furnish-
ing a complete history of our country."

Gov. Sullivan was born in Berwick in this State, where,
while pursuing his farmer life he was disabled, by the falling
of a tree, from active bodily labor. He therefore turned his
attention to the study of law, which he pursued with his dis-
tinguished brother. Gen. Sullivan, of revolutionary fame.
He commenced practice on Arrowsic Island in the Kennebec ;
being asked why he selected so poor a situation as that was
then, he replied that, as he had to break into the world, he
thought he would begin at the weakest place. He afterwards
moved to Biddeford, where he rendered useful services dur-
ing the war, and subsequently, he successively rose to the
offices of Attorney General, Judge of the Supreme Court and
Governor of Massachusetts.


It was ■wliile he was engaged in professional services that
he gathered the materials for his History of Maine. In the
examination of aged witnesses, he never lost the opportunity
to lead his inquiries into the history, traditions and antiqui-
ties of the country, and the genealogies of the people. His
History embodies many interesting facts thus gathered from
oral testimony, which must otherwise have perished with
their possessors.

Our Society was incorporated in 1822; the number of
corporators was 49 ; the first meeting was held in Portland,
April 11th, at which Albion K. Parris, then Governor of the
State, was chosen President, Benjamin Hasey, of Topsham,
Recording Secretary, Edward Russell, Corresponding Secre-
tary, Prentiss Mellen, then Chief Justice, Treasurer, and
Rev. Edward Payson, Librarian. Of these officers, Gov.
Parris is the only survivor : he was then tlie youngest of the
number, and the youngest Governor Maine ever had, being
but 33 years old when he was chosen.

Mr. Hasey, the first Secretary, died in 1851, in his 80th
year, and the oldest but one, of the surviving lawyers in
Maine. He was born in Lebanon in this State, graduated at
Harvard College, in the class of JosialiQuincy 1790, studied
his profession with Judge Thacher, of Biddeford, and estab-
lished himself in Topsham, where for 57 years he faithfully
and honestly pursued his profession to the end of his life.
Of Chief Justice Mellen and Dr. Payson, each eminent in his
chosen sphere of duty, this audience needs no information.

Of the 49 original members, 32 are dead, many of whom
dignified and adorned their age. William King, our first
Governor, connected with a family of great men — Rufus
and Cyrus, all natives of our State, sound and distinguished
statesmen — was himself a man of strong powers of mind and


a leading spirit for many years in our political and com-
mercial affairs. Benjamin Orr, Stephen Longfellow, Got.
Enoch Linclon, John Holmes, Judges Bridge and Cony, Dr.
Benjamin Yaughan of English fame, the venerable Judge
David Sewall and Wm. D. Williamson, the Plistorian of our
State, all original members, deserve a mention in this brief
summary of our Society. Statesmen, Judges, scholars — in
their several spheres they filled large spaces in public estima-
tion, and sustained active positions in the inauguration of
our State and our public affairs. Since that event, scarce a
third of a century has passed, and the mould has already
gathered upon the memory of men, the most distinguished
of their day, among us. The first Governor,* the first two
Senators in Congress, Holmes and Chandler, five of the seven
Councillors,'!- five of the seven Representatives in Congress.^'
the first Chief Justice, Prentiss Mellen, the President of the
Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives § — men
of high and honorable ambition, men of talents, energy and
enterprise, have passed on in funeral procession, and the
places which they filled and adorned, are now occupied
by men of another generation. But their acts live : they
laid the foundations of a new civil society ; they put in mo-
tion a new organization of great power and capacity, which
has been moving on with accelerated strength, evolving new
forces ; fraught with wealth, with genius, with enterprise and
social influence, which we perceive and partake of, while the

* William King.

t Thomas Fillebro-wn, William Webber, jMark Hanis, Abiel Wood, Wil-
liam C. Wliitney, Isaac Lane, William Emerson.

X Joshua Cushman, Joseph Dana, Mark L. Hill, Martin Kinsley, Enoch
Lmcoln, James Parker, Ezekiel Whitman.

§ Wm. D. Williamson President of the Senate and Benj. Ames Speaker.


vital energy of those stirring spirits, for -whicli a kingdom
seemed too small a bound, lies cold and silent in the grave.
In looking back through the shadow of the intervening
years, they appear like Virgil's branch of gold upon the gloomy

" Whose glittering shadow gilds the sacred ground."

In contemplating the passage of these persons over the
stage of human affairs, which we may now calmly do, those
of us who lived with them and so well knew them, may speak
in the language of Sir Wm. Temple, "When I consider how
many noble and estimable men, how many lovely and agree-
able women, I have out-lived among my acquaintance and
friends, methinks it looks impertinent to be still alive."

But we have this consolation, that a new generation of
brave men and beautiful women, now occupy the stage, as
beautiful and brave as they.

Another consideration in this review cannot but impress
US, and that is the influence which time has in softening the
asperities of party animosity, and the harshness of partial
and prejudiced criticism. Every man who has occupied
high station has been the mark of virulent attack from ambi-
tious rivals or heated partizans : death destroys the virus
and reveals the true lineaments of character — the popular
leader sinks into obscurity unless sustained by something
beside the false gleams of outside show ; the genuine patriot
and philanthropist who avoids the noisy praises of the crowd
stands out from the shadow of the tomb, the true friend of
his country and his kind. The martyr of to-day, becomes
the saint of to-morrow. And the living are brought to feel,
as the eloquent Giles says, that " we need great tenderness
from those who surround us, we need much too from those
who survive."


But in this notice of the original members "who are dead,
we should not lose sight of the living; who having survived
the generation that commenced the active business of life with
them, are now looking back from the serene heights of life
to the various paths they have traveled, and the many esti-
mable persons who have fallen by the way. Among the sur-
vivors are "Wm. Allen, late President of Bowdoin College,
Judges Preble and Weston, Dr. Tappan and the Hon. Ruel
Williams of this city, the vigor of an active life not yet spent,
Judge Sprague of Massachusetts, Dr. Nichols of Portland
the ripe scholar, Gov. Smith, Chief Justice Shepley and our
worthy President, Mr. Gardiner, who for nine years has suc-
cessively been elected to that office. " May his shadow never
be less."

The Presidents of the Society have been. Gov. Parris,
President Allen of Bowdoin College, the Pev. Dr. Nichols
of Portland, Stephen Longfellow, Prentiss Mellen and Mr.

Three volumes of the transactions of the Society have
been published; the first in 1831, the second in 1847, the
third in 1853, which are believed to have been favorably
received and to have been creditable to the Society:
another is in preparation. There have also been collected
many rare and exceedingly valuable documents illustrative

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