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COLLECTIONS



PROCEEDINGS



MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY



SECOND SERIES, VOL. V



PORTLAND

PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY

1894



ii;^()4



PRESS OP

BROWN THURSTON COMPANY

PORTLAND, MAINE







CONTENTS

PAGE

Samuel Freeman, his Life aud Services. By William Freeman, . 1
The Military Journal of Col. Ichabod Goodwin, with an Introduc-
tion. By William A. Goodwin, 33

Governor Christopher Gore and his Visit to Maine. By William

Goold, "^l

Father Biard's Relation of 1616 and Saint Sauveur. By Rev. E. C.

Cummings, ^1

Hallowell Records,— Births, 104, 214, 329, 435

Sketches of the Lives of Early Maine Ministers. By William D.
Williamson : —

Rev. Joseph Moody, 99

Rev. John Tuche 102

Rev. Samuel Chandler, 211

Rev. Moses Morrill, 211

Rev. John Wight, 213

Rev. Robert Dunlap, 320

Rev. Richard Elvins, 322

Rev. Robert Rutherford 324

Rev. Josiah Chase, 325

Rev. Alexander Boyd, 326

Rev. Daniel Little, 427

Rev. Solomon Lombard, 431

Rev. Isaac Lyman, .... 4.32

Rev. Samuel Fayerweather, 434

Plan for Formation of County Societies. By James P. Baxter, . 107

Book Notice. By E. C. C HO

Historic Homes of Kittery. By Moses A. Safford, . . 113, 387
Fort Richmond, Maine. By Rev. Henry O. Thayer, . . . .129
Capuchin and Jesuit Fathers at Pentagoet. By Rev. E. C.

Cummings, 1^^

Nathaniel Philipp's Relation, 1668, 189

Rev. Sylvanus Boardmau. By Rev. George BuUen, d. d., . . .194

Proceedings, 218, 327, 439

Lot M. Morrill; Sketch of his Life and Public Services. By George

Foster Talbot, 225

Some Added Facts Concerning Rev. William Screven. By Rev.

Henry S. Burrage, d. d., 275



iy CONTENTS.

PAGE

A Kefuge for Marie Antoinette in Maine. By Kufus K. Sewall, . 284
Studies on Families Suinamecl Cowell, Door (Dore or Dorr), and

Chamberlain of Lebanon, Me. By George W. Chamberlain,B. S., 306

Letter from John Allan to Massachusetts Council, . . • 311y

William Berry Lapham. By Charles E. Nash, 337

Mogg Heigon — His Life, His Death, and Its Sequel. By Horatio

Hight, 34.5

The Story of the Presumpscot. By Charles S. Fobes, . . .361
Destruction of Falmouth in 1775, and the Responsibility Therefor.

By Charles Edward Banks 408

Letter of General Peleg Wadsworth, from Massachusetts Archives, 421



ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

Samuel Freeman, 1

Old Pepperell Mansion, Kittery Point, 113

LotM. Morrill, 226

William M. Lapbara, 337

Old Clough House, Edgecomb, Maine, 284



SAMUEL FREEMAN— HIS LIFE AND
SERVICES



MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY COLLECTIONS.

SAMUEL FREEMAN -HIS LIFE AND
SERVICES.

BY HIS GRANDSON, WILLIAM FREEMAN.

Read before the Maine Historical Society, May 34, 189S.

For a period of over sixtj^ years, in the early history
of Portland, Samuel Freeman was a prominent and
conspicious figure in the religious, political and social
life of her people. He came upon the stage during
the most trying period of her life and history.

From the time Falmouth was ruthlessly destroj^ed
by Mowat, through the exciting scenes of the Revo-
lutionary war, through the depression in business
which followed, and the poverty and distress which
like a pall hung over the people and business of his
native town, immediately prior to and during the
war of 1812, through it all and during his long
years of public life, and in the many responsible
positions he held under the government, and in his
state and town, the record shows that he worked
faithfully for their best interest. No man was more
strongly attached to Portland than he, and during
this period he earnestly devoted his time, his influence
and his efforts to promote her interests. The social,
the moral, the religious and intellectual welfare of its
Vol. V. 2



2 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

inhabitants, of all ages and all classes, was the object
of his unceasing solicitude and care.

Rev. Ichabod Nichols, in a letter written in 1858,
speaking of him says, " There is much in modern days
to deepen our veneration for those ancient pillars both
in church and state who resembled him, and I know
of no one who has so strong a claim as he, to be
remembered in Portland, as its active, virtuous, de-
vout and watchful friend."

The historian, William Willis, in a letter dated May
11, 1859, said : —

The pivsent generation, all new, know little of that early race
of benefactors, wh5 labored hard and long in securing the
advantages which are now enjoyed in our city. Among these
benefactors your father was chief. But theie are still many
lingering on the borders of the grave, who look back with fond
interest to that goodly procession of noble men who graced our
community fifty or sixty years ago, but who have performed their

mission and have moved on to their reward How

many good institutions your father established, or sustained !
How much good he did to this community which is failed to be
recorded ! It is a gratification to me that I have done something
to preserve to posterity the deeds and worth of many of these
honored predecessors.

Samuel Freeman was the eldest son of Judore Enoch

o

Freeman, who married Mary Wright of Eastham,
August 31, 1742, and who moved the same year to
Fahuouth, now Portland. Samuel was born in Fal-
mouth, June 15, 1743. He attended the common and
private schools of liis native town. At one time he
was a pupil of Stephen Longfellow, from whom he
imbibed his early lessons. He also attended courses



SAMUEL FREEMAN. 6

of lectures at Harvard College, and for a time studied
natural philosophy and astronomy under Professor
Winthrop, ll. d. His youthful days were spent in
literary and mathematical studies, rather than in the
common amusements and habits incident to boys of
his age.

At the age of seventeen he, jointly with Joseph
Noyes, Ebenezer Owen and Nathaniel Coffin, foimed
an association called " Society for the Promotion of
Learning." Articles of agreement were drawn up and
formally executed by the signatures of the four asso-
ciates. A fine of four pence was imposed for the in-
fringement of each rule, " to be applied to purchasing
something that may be instrumental in promoting
useful knowledge aforesaid." The first proposition
was : —

That we meet once a week to consult together in order to
attain a higher degree of this profitable and useful thing, learn-
ing, and that we may resolve upon something that may tend
thereunto.

The tenth article reads as follows, viz. : —

That whereas the sense and meaning of words ought to be tlie
care and study of everyone who would have his mind furnished
with the useful knowledge of things of any kind (for without
which no progress can be made) this proposal is, that at our first
meeting we cany each of us in writing eiyht words with the
true sense and meaning of them, and also a sentence which shall
contain some good rule of life. We having promised the above
and finding that it will be beneficial and serviceable to us, do
freely agree to it.

Their first meeting was held Tuesday, June 17, 1761,
at the shop or office of Major Enoch Freeman, Samuel's



4 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

father. Mention is made of this first society, originated
by Mr. Freeman, and composed of four young men
thirsting for knowledge, as at that time it was an un-
usual and remarkable thing. Books and publications
at that date, 1761, were scarce and high and difficult
to be procured.

The first rule of life presented by Samuel Freeman
at the adjourned meeting held the nineteenth of March,
1701, indicates the early character of the man, and
bent of his mind at the age of seventeen. His " rule
of life " presented at the first meeting: —



If you would be at peace with all men speak evil of none, and
meiidle not in others' affairs. If you would be happy, then strive
to find out that which will make you so, and avoid everything
that tends to the contraiy. Shun bal, but frequent good com-
paiu'. Imitate that which is good, and do nothing that is a sin.
Love learning, and endeavor to obtain wisdom.

At the age of twenty-two, and on his birllidny, Jun
15, 1765, he commenced copying, in shorthand with
a pen, the hj'mns in Tate and Brady's Edition of
Psalms and Hymns, which he completed on the seven-
teenth of that month, being engaged a portion of tbree
days in the w^ork, writing one hundred and nine h^^mns
in all. He also copied in sboi'thand, July 29, August
], 3, 4, 5, 10, 1767, the one hundred and fifty Psalms
in the same book and later the Essex Harmonj^, pub-
lished in 1776, containing seventy-three li^'mns put to
music and scored by him, the whole executed with a
quill pen, displaying great mechanical skill, care and
])atience. Soon after this he wrote a treatise on short-
hand. He also in his leisure moments, in 1700. made



SAMUEL FREEMAN. 5

amonor other curious thins-s. what he termed a watch
ahnauac, a very ingenious affair, displaying mechanical
skill, astronomical knowledge and patience, and good
eyesight, and executed with a quill pen.

After he had completed his studies, he assisted his
father, who was register of deeds and judge of the
court of common pleas, in tending his shop and writ-
ing in his office.

The year he became of age, 1764, he taught a pub-
lic school on the Neck in Falmouth, and afterward a
private school, in 1766, at the solicitation of a number
of gentlemen in that town. In 1767, he gave up
school teaching to take charge of Captain Alexander
Ross' business while Captain Ross was absent in Eng-
land to be treated for a disease which proved fatal.
Subsequently, acted as agent in settling up the estate
for the widow and administering on other estates.
In 1770 and 1771 he kept store for Mr. Wendall,
agent for procuring cargoes for mast ships.

In 1772 he traded for himself, and loaded a ship with
masts and spars for England. In 1773 kept store for
Mr. Horten.

The proprietors' records of Thorndike township
show that he was a land surveyor early in life, but we
cannot find that he practiced that occupation to any
great extent.

The year 1774 proved an eventful one in the
history of Falmouth, and in the life of the subject of
this paper. The part he took in the public affairs of
the town, state and country at that period, immedi-
ately jjreceding and during the progress of the war



MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.



of the Revolution, has been told by your historian,
William Willis, in his History of Portland, and other
writings.

Alden Bradford, ll. d., in his Notices of Distinguished
Men of New England, in an extended notice of him,
said : —

Samuel Freeman Esquire, of Falraoulh, was quite a young man
when the war of the Revohition began in 1775 ; but he studied
the nature of the political controversy then existing between the
colonies and the parent government in England, and soon became
decided and zealous on the part of the former

When a house of representatives met in July, 1775, Mr. Free-
man was appointed clerk. He had quick perceptions and was
prompt ill preparing all pnpers necess iry for one in the office he
held. He continued faithful to the interest of the country, and
during a long life he filled several important offices in his native
town and the county of Cumberland.

He was in the truest sense a patriot, and was promi-
nent among those who in the beginning resisted the
o[)pression of the mother country, and who carried
with them by their labor, patriotic zeal and influence,
the great body of liberty-loving people in ancient
Falmouth, and old Cumberland county, the first
town in the district of Maine, it is said, to unite
with Massachusetts in opposing the tyranny of Great
Britain.

In January, 1774, then thirty-one years of age, Mr.
Freeman, at a meeting of the citizens of Falmouth, was
chosen, with Jedediah Preble, Richard Codman, John
Wait, Eiiocli Freeman, Benjamin Winslow and John
Butler a committee " to answer several letters received
from the committee of correspondence in Boston to



SAMUEL FREEMAN.



report what ought to be done for the public welfare
under the alarming circumstances."

On the third of February, 1774, this committee
made a long, able and patriotic report to the town,
setting forth their grievances and accompanied with a
set of°spirited resolutions. The same men were made
a committee of correspondence, it being the " first com-
mittee of the kind raised by the town."

On the twenty-fifth of August of the same year
(1774), he, with Enoch Freeman, Stephen Longfellow,
Enoch Ilsley, Richard Codman, and John Waite, were
appointed a committee " on occasion," as was alleged
" of a circular from Boston altering the course of jus-
tice and annihilating the constitution of the province."
" The meeting condemned these obnoxious measures,
and recommended that a convention of delegates from
all the towns in the county should be held in order
that there should be a concert of action."

This convention was held in Falmouth, September
21, 1774. Samuel Freeman, one of the delegates,
wa's chosen secretary, and his father, Enoch Freeman,
president of the convention. At this meeting a
committee of thirteen, of whom Samuel Freeman was
chairman, was chosen to draw up the sentiments of the
convention and report at their next meeting. This
report, made memorable by subsequent events, was
offered at the adjourned meeting held in the town
hall the next day, September 22, 1774. There seems
to be no doubt but this report was drawn up by
Samuel Freeman and was presented to, and adopted
by the convention. Portions of it read like the



8 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

Declamtion of Independence. " Willis " in his History
of Portland, says : —

This report was believed to be drawn up by tlie late Judcje
Freeman, who was secretary of the convention and chairman of
the committee.

What purports to be the original with its erasures
and interlineations, all in his handwriting has been in
possession of his descendants and seen by many
persons.

The affairs of the town as respected war and public
measures were conducted chiefly by a committee of
correspondence, safety and inspection, at whose
meetings he took a conspicuous and leading part.

In 1775, then thirty-two years of age, he was chosen
sole delegate from Falmouth to the provincial congress
and was re-elected in 1776 and 1778, "and at the third
session of the congress, held in 1775, he was chosen
secretary by an unanimous vote, Colonel Benjamin
Lincoln having declined a reelection." When a house
of representatives was convened in July, 1775, he
was chosen clerk, which office he held until 1781,'and
most, if not all the time he was a member of that body.
Some of tlie records of the house are missing and the
fact that he was a member in 1779 does not appear
except by inference.

In a paper from the archive clerk at the state house
Bostoji, we find that part of the journal of the house
foi- 1779, which gives the names of its members, is miss-
ing, "but there is a record of a resolve granting Samuel
Freeman pay for his services as clerk in 1 779, also anoth-
er for 1780, for his services that year, and the records of



SAMUEL FREEMAN. iJ

those days show that the clerks were chosen from the
members of the house, and they were in the habit of
acting as speaker in the absence of the speaker, and
we find a resolve granting pay to a member of the
general court for acting as clerk while the clerk acted
as speaker." We find a memorandum in Mr. Free-
man's handwriting, made by him late in life, which
indicates that he was both a member and clerk, for he
says that from 1776 to 1780 he attended the general
court as a member and clerk of the house. In further
confirmation of this, and as showing the depreciation
of the paper money of that day, we quote from a letter
written by him to his father. May 15, 1780.

When I got to Boston I examined my purse, if I may so call
the parchment that held my paper money, and found I had just ten
dollars left. What I shall have granted I do not know, but out of
it I shall have my board to pay which, supposing the court to sit
six weeks, will be at least five hundred and forty dollars; for the
horse I bought last fall about six hundred dollars (better have
given him away) ; for the tickets about three hundred dollars ;
to Mr. Lewis (money I borrowed) one hundred and eighty
dollars. What can a body do?

In a memorandum book under date of May 5, 1776,

is this minute, viz. : —

Grant for my services last year (1775), as clerk of the house
£163-19-9 ; and another dated in May, 1777. For services as clerk
of the house £160 for the year 1776.

The records in the archives of Massachusetts also
show that he was an active, working and influential
member while in the provincial congress, and a mem-
ber of the general court, originating and aiding in
carrying through many measures for the benefit of his



10 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

native state and town, and at the same time kept its
records, which are a marvel of good penmanship. He
had, too, a peculiar talent as a draughtsman, which
was often put in requisition while in the provincial
congress. He had the honor to preside in the house
of representatives May 10, 1776, when the resolu-
tion was passed and signed by him, as speaker of the
house, which recommended the inhabitants of all the
towns in the colonies to assemble in " full meeting"
and " instruct those who should represent them at the
next general court, that in case congress should
declare the colonies independent of the kingdom of
Great Britain, that they should solemnly engage with
their lives and fortunes to support the measure."
The action of the towns is matter of history. They
responded to the call with alacrity, and the inhabitants
of no town were more ready to declare for indepen-
dence than those of the town of Falmouth. During
the trying scenes of the Revolution his duties brought
him in couimunication and correspondence with Gen-
eral Washington, Samuel and John Adams, and many
other distinguished men and patriots, upon matters
connected with the war. Those letters that have been
preserved breathe the true spirit of liberty which sus-
tained them through that momentous period, which
resulted in making us a free and independent people.

November 3, 1777, Mr. Freeman married Mary
Fowle, daughter of John Fowle of Watertown, at
wiiose house Mr. Freeman boarded while in the 2^1*0"
viii(;i;i] congress. Robert T. Paine, author of the song
''Adams and Liberty," gave this toast at a public cele-



SAMUEL FREEMAN. 11

bration in Boston — " The Fair of this Town and the
Fowle of Watertown." By her he had three children,
Mary, Samuel JD. and William. After the decease of
his first wife, who died at the age of thirty, he mar-
ried, February 17, 1786, Betty, the widow of Pearson
Jones, and oldest daughter of Enoch Ilsley of Port-
land, with whom he lived in uninterrupted felicity for
forty-four years, and by whom he had six children, one
of whom, the youngest, Charlotte Boynton, is now liv-
ing in Calistoga, California, at an advanced age. His
second wife died in 1831, a few months after the death
of her husband. " In his private and domestic life he
was distinguished for uniform kindness and conscien-
tiousness based upon religious principle, deeply in-
grained by circumspection and habit."

In personal presence he was tall and erect, of good
figure and a grave and benevolent countenance. It is
said that his features bore a striking resemblance to
those of Washington. One of his sons used to say that
two or three times during the war he was followed in
the streets of Boston by a crowd of boys, who mistook
him for Washington.

He was an earnest and unselfish advocate through
life of whatever had a tendency to educate the youth
of his native town, and advance the intellectual growth
of her people. He was among the first to be inter-
ested in a public library. The nucleus for one was
started, it is believed, in 1760, which resulted in a
society being organized in 1763, and in 1786 this soci-
ety was reorganized, or a new one formed under the
name of "Falmouth Library Society." It held meet-



12 MAINE HISTOEICAL SOCIETY.

ings at the dwelling-house of Samuel Freeman, a notice
of which will be found in the Cumberhmd Gazette
of that year. His interest and connection with it con-
tinued for many years.

POETLAISTD ACADEMY^

incorporated February, 1784, was one of the objects in
which he took a deep and permanent interest. He was
one of the committee of five chosen by the original
petitioners, who applied to the general court to estab-
lish an academy in Portland. Mr. Willis says in his
history of Porthind that he was particularly active in
getting the act of incorporation, and in 1797 the gen-
eral court, to grant the trustees a half-township of
land. This it did, provided a fund of three thousand
dollars should be raised for the same object. The
same authority says that " this amount, after consider-
able effort, in which Judge Freeman made unwearied
exertions, was at length raised, and the half-township
laid out." He was one of the trustees of the academy
for over thirty years ; was also secretary, and for many
years kept the financial accounts of the institution,
and did the active work under his associate trustees.
He was connected with the institution from the time
of its incorporation until November, 1826, wdien at
the age of eighty-three, feeling the infirmities of age,
his later accounts with the trustees, written in a trem-
bling hand, difficult to be deciphered, he passed over,
with a balance of six hundred and fifty-eight dollars of
the academy's funds to William Preble, another of

> TiuisTKics oK P<mTi,ANi> AOADEMV, JUNE 3, ISOO. — S. Frcesnaii, E. Kellog, R.
SoMlluMi'', W. Wcclficry, W. Slorcr, Joseph H. Iiiffrahani, Gi-oryc Mradbiiry, P.
Mi'll.Mi, s. LdiiLfii'llow, Uobcrl Uoyd, Uev. Mr. Mchuls, Horatio Souilijcatu, Nicolas
Emery, Levi Cutter.



SAMUEL FREEMAN. 13

Portland's honored townsmen, who took up the work
where his predecessor had left it.

PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

Mr. Freeman was no less interested in the snccess
and prosperity of the town and private schools of Port-
land, and on all public occasions exerted his influence
to promote and improve them. He was for many
years a member of the school board, and its chairman,
and was ever ready to vote the largest sum practica-
ble for the use of the public schools, and we think his-
tory will show that Portland was in the early days
second to no town in the district of Maine, or in fact
in any part of Massachusetts in this respect.

As indicative of his interest and views in this
direction, perhaps we cannot do better than read from
a private letter written by him to his daughter, Dorcas
Homes.

March 31, 1808. I am one of a committee of nine to consider
what money shall be raised for the chai-ges of the town the

current year We had an interesting meeting on

Tuesday It is proposed to raise only twelve hundred

dollars for the support of schools. If the town sliould be of this
mind, our schools will be broken up. Last year we raised forty-
four huu'lred dollars. P^'riday, April 1, ten p.m. The committee
have agreed upon a report, and a parsimonious one it is. Our
good friend, Captain Tiicomb, proposed to have only iwo
masters at four hundred and fifty dollars each, and two mistresses
at eighty dollars only, which, with an allowance for wood,
amounted to only twelve hundred and forty dollars. It was
finally agreed to raise two thousand dollars, and two thousand
dollars only. But I cnn't think the town will be satisfied with it.
The scliools are .ill broken up now, and also the academy, and
we find in one day the inconvenience of it. The town meeting



14 MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

stands adjourned until Monday, when the sum will be deter-
mined. Monday, April 4. The friends of town schools were
successful, obtaining a vote for raising three thousand dollars
(instead of two thousand reported by the committee), whole
town tax eighty-seven hundred and fifty dollars besides the state

and county tax about twenty-seven hundred The

speakers in favor of schools ;ivere Fruthingham, Hopkins, Long-
fellow and Wait.

His time, money, intellect and influence were in
many ways devoted to the material, religious, moral
and educational interest of his native town, county
and state, and because they were, his fellow citizens
ever reposed unlimited confidence in him, and heaped
upon him all the offices, favors and positions of trust
within their gift that he could possibly hold. For a
lifetime he was the standing moderator of their town
meetings, and was called upon to preside at most of



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