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succeeded tlie discbarge of tbe troops destined against Nova
Scotia. We bave, however, come to a resolution, to call in
100 men of tbe militia & to pay them ourselves, if tbe Gen-
eral Court do not see fit to pay them. But such are our cir-
cumstances, that I expect we shall be as much distressed for
provisions, as with the apprehension of another attack. I
beg therefore, tbat you would use all your influence with the
General Court, in order to obtain relief, both in men & pro-
vision. And as almost all tbe inhabitants of this place
bave for some time past been obliged to lay aside their busi-
ness, & attend in the best manner they are able, to tbe pres-
ervation of tbe place, & are still obliged to do so, 1 desire
you would lay this matter also before the Court, & pray
them to put us under pay. I shall only add, that, as you
are no stranger to our distresses, I take it for granted, tbat
you will do every thing in your power for the benefit of this
place, this distressed eastern Country, «&; the State
I am Sir your very hurab^ Servant

Benj* Foster
Col. Alex"" Campbell

Favord by Major Nevers



Letter from Committee at Machias. Aug. 29, 1777

To the honorable The Councel for the State of Massachu-
setts bay
May it please your honours Tbe Committee of Mechias
begg Leave one More To aquent you of our most Distressing
Scurcomstances wee Still Labour by tbe borrows of warr and
blood sheed. wee flattered our selves wheen wee under-
stood that thayr was Two Regments to be Roased for an
Expeadition to S* Johns and the Alford man of warr with



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33

such other Ships as mite be thought Necessary for the Pro-
taction of the Stores for said Aruiement, ware to Randevews
at inechias Would aBen a Suffient Protection for this place
for this Seson but alass it has a Deferent aft'act, the Intelli-
gence thareof Our Enemys Got no Doubt Verey Early of
this matter whicli has Turned this place Reather into a
Coind of a Seat of war as Thay heave Indevered to Totieley
Distroy uss firt wee ware alarmed by the Amberskade of
Thirty Two Guns Who Sent A Lent with a Barge Crewa
shore under a flitgg proteendujg Thay Wanted to Exchange
Prisners & that the Capt Wanted To see the Committe on
bord and Talk with

Declared thay Shukl be used well and be Sot on shore agene
ameaditely but wee thinking them to be Reather Speys them
aproper flagg Ordered them to Depart Ameaditely as we
Shuld hold no Correspondence with him nor his Captian to
which thay Comply ed Shee Ly her some time which accos-
ened the melitia under Conol Foster to be upon Dutey to
wach thare motions and So it has Continued the most part of
this Summer the Melitia of this place has ben heald to Close
Dutey which has Reduced the Inhabatnents to Great Streats
and Deffcultys as well as Some of our Neabouring Meletia
Who Came to our Assestence notwithstanding all wee Culd
Due the Enemy after passing up the River with three Ship
A Brig and Sloope burnt one Grist mill three Dewling
houses two Learge Barns with Considerabel English Hay in
them j)lundred many houses Down River whare no Person
Oposed them, Carred on l)ord thare Ships Cattel Sheap &
hoogs the Number we Cannot assartion, but it has Distressed
tlie Poor Inhabatnents greateley whos houses and affacts
ware under the Command of the Ships Guns & all the
women & Chiklrcen In the place ware Removed back into
the woods which Remained almost a Week without any
Sliealer but the woods and the wather proving Verey Reney



34 DOCrnVIENTAEY HISTORY

Every night During the Time of the Seage and many of
them Not heaving any of the Common Nacesserys of Life to
Subsist on but throo an Interpossition of Divin providence
wee obliged the Enemy to Retreat with a Considrabel Loss
according to the Best accounts we Can gitt our Loss was
only one Killed & Capt Farnsworth Wounded Who is Like
to Do well &c —

Last Sundey arived heer Bridgade maj'' Newel with orders
for Disbanding the Trups which Struck the Whol Inhabat-
ent Into the utmost Constanation after Just Repaleing the
Enemy and Expecting to Return verey Soon agine \\ith a
Stronger forcee Ameadetely assembleyed a Meeting of the
whole and Chose a Committe to Waite upon Conol Eday to
Diser him not to Disband the Trups under his Command
Tell your honours Culd be notified of our Sitevation and
your Peleusher be further Known to which Requst he
Declined Maj' Stillman with a Detchement of Conol
M^'Cobbs Regemnt under his Command ar not as yett Dis-
meseed the Inhabatnents at said Meeting Voted umamin-
esly and signed to a Cartain Agreement to Boind them
selves and Easteats to pay and Suport one hundred of the
Neabrouing Meletia which the Conol will ameaditeley Draft
for the Defence of this place as we are willing to Lay Down
our all in the Cause wee had Reather Spend what Littel we
heave In Defending so Glorious a Cause then to heave it fall
Into the hands of Brittish Tyrants Who Ever wee are not
out of hopes of your honors Protection wee humbly ask
that the two Companys Wes & Dyers under the Command
of Maj"" Stillman may be filled and Keep up for the Defence
of this place as well as the one hundred meleteae men be
payd and suported for a while wliich number wee hope will
be Suffient With our own Inhabatnents to In Counter what
Enemey are Like to Come to anoy uss. & we must not
forgett to mention the Indians good attachment to our Cause



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35

Euflueneced by John Allen Esq"^ the Saper Intendent, which
behaved to great Satisfaction During the Leat Seauge &
your honours ware pleased to send up an Order on Cap*
Stephen Smith to Receve of him and Replace what Pro-
visions in Coind to the severel Persons that advanced
it towards Suporting the Party that went to S' Johns
which he has in part to some Necessetus Persons but as
Conol Edeys Demands has ben so Great for proviseons said
Smith lias it not in his power to Replace all thare is Still
Due to severel Persons 3691i^>^« pork 1493 ^^''^ flower 666^^
Rice 3 bushels peas & 20 0*'' Shuger Insteed of molasses as
that Culd not be obtaneed All of which is Due to Severel
Persons wliich are in Great want of it and are Dealing Call-
ing upon the Committe for it as thay obleagated them selves
to Replace the Same we pray your honors as Sune as posabel
to Enabel Capt Smith



To the Hon, Council & House of Representatives of the State
of Massachusetts Bay : —
I have Endeavoured to inform your Honors in some part
of my Proceedings since my departure from Boston. I left
the long wharf in Boston together with Mr. Row & Mr. How
and arrived at Mewbury the second Day, where we chartered
a small Vessel to carry us to Macliias, at which place we
arrived after many unfortunate Accidents in about three
weeks from the time of setting out. During my stay at
Machias I met with Col. Shaw by whose favor I obtained
Cap* West & several other good Men, to the amount of about
twenty, to join me in the Expedition against Fort Cumber-
land. Then Proceeded to Passaniaquoddy where I was
joined by a few more : from thence to the River St Johns I
went up the Same about Sixty Miles to the Inhabitants
wliom I found abuost universally to be hearty in the cause



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

and joined us with 1 Cap* 1 Lieu* & Twenty five Men, as
also 16 Indians : so that our whQle force now amounted to
Twenty two Men, and Avith this Party I set off for Cumber-
land in Whale Boats and canoes, and standing up the Bay
arrivd in a few Days at Shepody in the s*^ County.

at Shepody we found and took Cap* Walker and a Party
of thirteen Men who had been stationed there by Col. Gore-
ham Commander of the Garrison at Cumberland, for the
Purpose of getting Intelligence &c. Hence we Proceeded to
Memrancook, and there had a conference Avith the French,
who Readily joined us, although they saw the weakness of
our Party We then march'd 12 miles through the woods to
Sackville & there were met by the committee who Expressed
their Uneasiness at seeing so few of us and those unprovided
with artillery. Nevertheless hoping that Col. Shaw would
soon come to our Assistance with a Reinforcement they
unanimously joined us. The same Night, I sent off a small
Detachment who march'd about 12 miles through very bad
roads to Westcock and there took a schooner in Aulack
River, loaden with Apples, Cyder, English Goods &c. to the
Amount of about ,£300 but finding afterwards that she was
the Property of Mr. Hall of Annapohs, Avho is a good friend
to the Cause of Liberty, I discharged her. I afterwards sent
another Boat Load of Men, as a Reinforcement to the first
Party, making together about 30 Men, in order to take a
Sloop which lay on the Flats below the Fort loaden with
Provisions and other necessaries for the Garrison. After a
Difficult March, they arrivd opposite the Sloop, on board of
which was a Guard of 1 Sergt. & 12 Men who had they fired
at our People must have alarmd the Garrison in such a Man-
ner as to have brought them on their Backs. However our
Men rushed Resolutely towards the Sloop up to their Knees
in Mud which made such a Noise as to alarm the Gentry who
hailed them & immediately called the Sergt. of the Guard.



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37

The Sergt. on coming up Ordered his men to fire, but was
immediately told by Mr. Row that if they fir'd one Gun,
every man of them should be put to Death, which so fright-
ened the poor Devils that they surrendered without firing a
shot although our People Could not board her without the
assistance of the conquered who let down Ropes to our men
to get up by. By this time the Day broke and the Rest of
our Party made to their assistance in the schooner afore-
mentioned & some Boats. In the mean Time Came down
Several Parties of Soldiers from the Fort not knowing the
Sloop was taken (who) as fast as they Came were made
Prisoners by our Men & ordered on board. Among the Best
Capt. Barron, Engineer of the Garrison and M. Eagieson,
who may be truly Called the Best of Society and by his
unseasonable Drunkenness the Evening before prevented his
own Escape and occasioned his being taken in Arms.

The Sloop now beginning to float and the Fog breaking
away, we were discovered by the Garrison who observing our
Sails loose thought at first, it was done only with an Interest
to dry them, but soon perceiving that we were under way
fir'd several Cannon shots at us and march'd down a Party
of 60 Men to attack us, but we were at such Distance, that
all their Shot was of no Consequence.

We then saild to Fort Lawrence another part of the Town-
ship and there landed Part of the Stores on board the Sloop
to Enable us to attack the Garrison

Having left a small Guard on board the Sloop to secure
the Prisoners I march'd the Remainder to Cumberland side
of the River and Encamped within about One Mile of the
Fort, and was there joined by a Number of the Inhabitants
so that our whole Force was now about 180 Men, but having
several outposts to guard and many Prisoners to take Care
of, the Number that Remain'd in the Camp did not exceed
80 Men. I now thought Proper to invest the Fort and for



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

this Purpose sent a summons to the Commanding Officer to
surrender (^ a copy of which together with his Answer I have
Enclos''! )

Upon CoL Gorham's Refusal to surrender We attempted
to storm the Fort on the Night of the 12"' Nov. with our
Scaling Ladders & other Accoutrements but finding the Fort
to be stronger than we imagined ( occasioned by late Repairs )
we thought fit to Relinquish our Design after a heavy firing
from their Great Guns and small arms without Intermission
for 2 Hours which was sustained without any Loss except
one Indian being wounded who behaved very gallantly, and
Retreated in good Order to our Camp.

Our whole Force in this Attack consisted of about 80 Men
while the Enemy was 100 strong in the Fort as I learn'd
since from Some Deserters who came over to us ; a greater
number than we imagined. I must needs acquaint your
Honours that never Men behaved better than ours during
the Engagement, never flinching in the midst of a furious
cannonade from the Enemy.

In this Position we Continued a Number of Days and
totally Cut off their Communication with the country, keep-
ing them closely block'd up within the Fort which we
Expected to take in a little Time by the Assistance of a
Reinforcement from the Westward

In the mean Time on the 27'^'^ Nov. arrivd in the Bay a
Man of War from Halifax with a Reinforcement for the Gar-
rison consisting of near 400 Men & landed on that and the
day following

Nov' SO**" the Eneiny to the Number of 200 came out in
the Night by a roundabout March got partly within our
Guards notwithstanding we had Scouts out all Night and
about Sunrise furiously Rushed upon the Barracks where
our Men were quarter'd, who had but just Time Enough to
Escape out of the Houses and run into the Brush where



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39

( notwithstanding the surprise in which we were ) our Men
killed & wounded 15 of the Enemy while we lost only one
Man, who was killed in the camp.

In the midst of such a Tumult they at length proceeded
about 2 Miles into the country to the Place where they
imagined our stores &c. to be & in the course of their March
burnt 12 Houses & 12 Barns in some of which the greater
Part of our Stores were deposited. In this Dilemma My
Party being greatly weakened by sending off many for
Guards with the Prisoners &c. and our Stores being con-
sumed it was thought Proper by the Committee that we
should Retreat to St. John's River & there make a Stand, till
we could have some certain Intelhgence from the Westward
which we hope we shall have in a short time by the Favour
of the committee, who are gone forward. And as it appears
to be the Opinion of the Committee of Cumberland & St.
John's River that I should Remain here I am determined to
make a Stand at this Place till I am drove off which I
believe will not be Easily done unless the Enemy should
send a Force from Halifax by Water on Purpose to subdue
this Settlement as I am continually Reinforced by People
from Cumberland and the Neighboring Counties so that I
beheve we shall be able to Repulse any Party that may be
sent from the Garrison of Cumberland though I imagine we
shall not be troubled by any Irruption from them this Win-
ter as the Reinforcement is chiefly gone having left only
about 200 Men in the Fort and they in a bad condition for
want of cloathing ; and if 200 men could be sent us by Land
this winter we could reduce the Garrison by cutting off their
Supplies of Wood which they are obliged to go 8 or 9 miles
for through a Country full of small Spruce, Fir & such like
wood, consequently very convenient for us to lay in
Ambush, as we are perfectly acquainted and tlie Enemy
strangers thereto, and this your Honours may Easily Con-



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

ceive as we Destroyed a Number of Houses the Property of
Friends to each Side which lay adjacent to the Fort and the
commanding Officer having given Orders to pull them down
& carry the Timber into the Fort for Firing. The Commit-
tee Ordered me to Prevent it by firing them which I did
accordingly and left them destitute of anything to burn
within some miles. On this River are a Considerable Num-
ber of Indians who are universally hearty in the cause 16 of
whom, together with their Governor Ambrose accompanyd
me in the Expedition and behav'd most gallantly but are a
little Uneasy that No Goods are yet arriv'd for them from
Boston agreeable to the late Treaty with them which was
Ratify'd by Col. Shaw in Behalf of the State, and I should
be very glad if your Honors would Satisfy them in this
Point as soon as possible, as they have been Extremely faith-
ful during this contest; and if this is done I am confident I
can have near 200 of them to join me in any Expedition
against the Enemy

All my Transactions in this Affair have been done by the
Authority of a Committee of Safety, for the County of Cum-
berland and many Difficulties having arisen for want of com-
missions I hope your Honor will send some blank ones for
the raising of a Regiment in this Province if the Hon. Con-
tinental Congress should think fit to carry on the War
further in this Quarter so that Proper Regulations may be
made and many disorderly actions prevented.

I am Your Honor's Most Obed' & Humble Serv*^

Jonathan Eddy
Wangerville on the River St. Johns Jan'y 5'^ 1777.



The Committee on the Petition of the Company of Militia
in the Town of Fryeburg have attended that Service and



OF THE STATE OF MAINE



41



report by way of Resolve Viz : State of Massachusetts Bay
In the House of Representatives, January 5, 1777
Resolved. [ torn ]
chosen by said company [ torn ]
held at said Fryeburg [ torn ]
May last Viz : Joseph Fry Jun [ torn ]
Samuel Osgood first Lieut and Isaac Walker Second Lieut.,
be and hereby are Established in their respective offices to
which they were chosen as aforesaid and all belonging to said
Company within the Limit of said Town are hereby enjoined
to yeild Due Obedience to their Commands as the Law for
Volunteers to Militia of this State Directs. The want of the
Presence of a Field officer of the Regiments to which they
belong to Preside as Moderator of their Meeting [ torn ]
notwithstanding.



In Council Jany 7, 1777
Read & Concurr'd

Jn° Avery Dp^ Sec'y.
Consented to



Sent up for Concurrence
Saml Freeman Speak' P.



B. Greenleaf
Jer. Powell
John Taylor
A. Ward
Caleb Cushing



Jabez Fisher
R. Derby
D. Hopkins
Dan'l Davis
Jos. Cushing



Moses Gill
B. White

E. Thayer Jr.
Benj. Austin

F. M. Dana



State of the Massachusetts Bay To the honorable council
& honorable house of Representatives of said State in general
Court assembled

The Petitions of the Proprietors of Pearson town in the
county of Cumberland humbly sheweth

That they have at great expense, built and given the
inhabitants of said township a house for public Worship Set-
tled and supported a gospel Minister among them, clear'd



42 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY

out Roads and made Bridges & amended & repaired them &
done as much as they ought or were able to do to promote
the settlement of the township. That there are now settled
there between fifty and sixty Families most of whom are
Freeholders and many of them have good farms & are fore-
handed farmers and good livers & well able to pay their
minister a competent Sallery, if not so large an one as he
has received from the Generousity of the proprietors, yet
such an one as he ought at present to be content with until
said Inhabitants shall be able to increase it considering he
has already principally by the proprietors assistance acquired
a very good estate in the township. That the last division
of lands there is more than half drawn already & ye draft of
ye whole will soon be completed, so that they will be pro-
prietors of common lands there but a little while longer and
the Business of the propriety as such will soon be finished &
closed

Havmg therefore done as much for said Inhabitants as
they ought or are able to do, the Proprietors humbly pray
that the said Inhabitants may be obliged to support the Gos-
pel there, amend the roads & bear the burdens incident to
towns corporate & that they may also be entitled to the
privileges of such and for these purposes the Proprietors
humbly pray that said Township may be incorporated, and
they as in duty bound will ever pray.

Benj Titcomb Prop"^* clerk
in the House & by Order of the Proprietors

Jany 9, 1777.



State of Massachuseetts Bay

In the House of Representatives Jan 8, 1776

On the Petition of the Proprietors of a Township called

Pearsontown for the County of Cumberland praying that



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43

said Township may be incorporated for reasons therein
mentioned

Resolved that Benjamin Titcomb, Clerk of said Proprie-
tors, notify the Inhabitants of the township aforesaid ( by
Posting a copy of this Resolve at some Public Place there
and also by inserting the same in the Newbury Port News
Paper three weeks successively ) that they shew cause to
this court if any they have on the 19^^ February next if the
court be then setting and if not on the Second Tuesday of
the then next meeting of the General Court why the Prayer
of said Petition should not be granted
Sent up for concurrence

Saml Freeman Speak"^ P. T.

In council Jany 9, 1777
Read & Concurred

Jn° Avery Dpy Sec'y
Consented to



Jer : Powell A. Ward W. Spooner

Caleb Cushing R. Derby Moses Gill

E. Thayer J'' D. Hopkins Jabez Fisher

Benj Austin B. White Jos. Cushing

Dan'l Davis John Taylor F. M. Dana



To the Honourable the Council and House of Representa-
tives of the State of the Massachusetts Bay in General Court
assembled

Humbly shews John Murch of A place called Mount desert
yeoman

That Wyat Moore and James Moore both late of Bidde-
ford in the County of York but now of said place called
Mount desert yeomen Sometime in the year 1760 signed and
executed a Deed to the Petitioners Father, John Murch, of a
tract of land in said liiddeford bounded as follows beginning



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

at a White pine Stump on the Bank of Little River : thence
running South East to Henry Pendexter'8 Land thirty-one
rods and an half and then South west keeping the breadth
of thirty-one Rods and an half untill Twenty acres are com-
pleated and that the same Land was by his said Father in
his last will and Testament Devised to your Petitioners but
the said Deed being in the House of your Petitioners
Brother, William Murch, of said Biddeford in the year 1775
unrecorded was burnt with the his said Brothers House
whereby your petitioners is deprived of his evidence to his
Title to said Land Wherefore he prays your Honours to con-
firm the same to him by act of Government and he as in duty
bound will ever pray Jany 22, 1777

p"" his agent Ja Sullivan



Pay abstract for part of a Company of a Tribe of Indians
from Penobscot in the Eastern parts of the Massachusetts
State & in the Service of y® United States of America, com-
manded by Lieut. Andrew Gillman from 13'^'' November
1776 to 7"^ Feby 1777 Included 15 Days for their Travel
from Boston to Penobscot

Arexes — yi month 42/p' mo X3.3

Wongonet 2 mos & 26 days 6.0.6

Attenanies Ditto 6.0.6

Aussing Neptuno " 6.0.6

Assonser " 6.0.6

Joseph James Hatch " 6.0.6

Cook ( a Mohawk ) « 6.0.6

X 39:6:0
Boston Jan'y 23^^ 1777
Errors Excepted

Andrew Gillman
N. B. there must be provision for their passage provided



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45

To the Hon^'* the Council & Hon'^^® House of Representives
for the State of Massachusetts Bay
The Memorial of Francis Shaw Jun' Humbl}^ shews, that
He has lately arrived in this Town, Avith 9 of tlie St. Johns
& 6 of the Penobscutt Tribes of Indians (that have been
Engaged in the Service of the United States of America, and
obtained leave from the Hon^^® General Heath to Return to
their Familys ) — your Memorialist would Represent to your
Honors that there is an opportunity of sending the Penob-
scutts Immediately home, which he can not be able to do
until your Honors gives orders for their being cloathed
( agree : to Gen'l Heath's promise ) and payed the Ballance
of wages due to them — Your Memorialist therefore Hum-
bly prays that your Honors would pay such order as in your
Wisdom, you may think most Expeditious to cloath, pay &
Return them to their Respective Homes & Your Memorialist

as in duty bound will ever pray

F. Shaw.
23 Jany 1777.



In the House of Representatives Jany 24, 1777

On reading the petition of John Murch

Ordered that the said John Murch Serve the said Wyat
Moore and James Moore with a copy of this petition and
Order thereon that they may appear on the third Tuesday of
the first Session of the next General Court to Shew cause if
any they have Why the prayer of said Petition" should not
be Granted.

Sent up for Concurrence

Sam^ Freeman Speak"" P T.

In Council Jan'y 24^^ 1777

Read & Concurred

John Avery Dpy Sec'y.



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

William Murch of Lawful age Testify and says that Wyat
More late of Biddeford in the County of York, now of
Aplace, called Mount desert in the County of Lincoln, and
James More of the same place some time in the year 1760
signed a deed to the Deponents Father, John Murch, of a
tract of Land in said Biddeford bounded as follows : begin-



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