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French — if Coming near us, and when we shall see a priest,
to lead our Souls Right" —

Return Upon Writ in re 8chr. Nancy.

State of Massachusetts Bay in New England Essex Ss
The Government and People of the said State
To the several Sherifi^s of Our Countys of Essex Suffolk
Cumberland and Lincoln, their respective under Sheriffs or
Deputys Greeting

L. S. Whereas Stephen Hall of Boston in Our County of
Suffolk Wharfinger and Pel eg Crooker of Situate in Our
County of Plymouth Coaster before our Justices of Our
Superior Court of Judicature &c held at Ipswich in Our
County of Essex on the third Tuesday of June last recovered
Judgment for restitution of a certain Sloop called the ISTancy
burthen about Eighty Tons, her Cargo & appurtenances,
/which was Libelled in the Maritime Court for the Eastern
District in Our said State by James Cargill & others, and by
decree of the same Court condemned/ Execution of which
Judgment doth still remain to be done —

We Command you therefore that without delay you cause
the said Sloop N^ancy with her Cargo & appurtenances, if
they may be found in either of our precincts to be restored



OF THK STATE OF MAINE 341

to the said Stephen Hall and Pcleg Crocker, they paying your

fees for so doing: AikI make return of tliis Writ with your

doings therein, inio iIk^ OlHce of the Clerk of Our said Court

as soon as may be —

Witness William Cushing Esq"" at Boston the ninth day of

July in the Year of Our Lord 1778

Sam' Winthrop Cler

Cumberland Ss July 18lh 1778

In obedience to the within Writ of Execution I have taken

the Sloop J^ancy within mentioned found at North Yarmouth

in my precinct, & delivered «& restored hur to Benjamin Shaw

Attorney to the within named Hall & Crooker for their use

with two anchors & Cables hur standing & running Riging,

but without Cargo Boat or Sails, she having none in, upon,

or about hur when I found hur

Benjamin Bayley Dep''

A Copy Attest Oliver Peabody Cler.

Mr John Langdon Wiscassett



Peleg Wadsworth to Council.

Head Quarters, Falm° 10 July 1780
Sir,

On the 3*^ Inst: I arrived at this Post from Thomaston,
having spent six or seven weeks at that. While there the
troops were constantly in scouting & cruizing on the Enemy.
The Effects were good. The Success of their Enterprizes
kept the Enemy pretty close at home; gave spirit (S: Con-
tentment to the troops, who have been scantily suplied witli
provision ; & inspired the Inhabitants, who were but too
wavering, with some degree of Confidence.

Agreeable to the Instructions of Council I have en-
deavoured to inform myself of the real temper & disposition
of these Inhabitants. 1 lind it belter than I expected. Upon



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

enquiry it appears too many complaints have been grounded
on Animosity & personal Resentment. These I have
endeavoured to remove by every mean in my power, & to
effect a reconciliation of parties, & to cultivate mutual for-
bearance & good will. I think I have had some success in
my Endeavours, & hope to see some further good Effects.
The greater part of the people in that part of the Country
are disposed just as one would suppose them to be from their
Situation & Circumstances. They wish well to the Ameri-
can Cause, & would contribute w^hat is in their power to the
support of it: But they are Inhabitants of a new settled
Country; thinly scattered over the Wilderness; fond of the
little substance they have at length got to support themselves.
They are at a distance from the seat of Government; know
but little of what passes there; & small in their own eyes.
This naturally begets on the one hand Jealousy of those they
thinJv should be their Patrons; & on the other fear of their
enemy. But while, they see a force sufficient to protect them,
they cheerfully exert themselves: When this fails they had
rather submit to the imposition of an Oath of Allegiance
from the Enemy, than have their Interest destroyed by them.

I may here observe the Expediency of an augmentation of
troops in that quarter. I would take them from Falm°, but
the numbers even here are less than the works to be raised
at this Post require. I have about two thirds of the men
ordered to be raised. It is reported the troops in this de-
partment are on Continental Establishment, & that 800, men
are recommended for it: But I have it only by Report.
As many as 800, I think would be highly conducive to the
good of the department, & would enable me to render dif-
ferent service to the State, than what is now possible.

A Paymaster in this department would be convenient. I
am not insensible of the present want of money in the publick



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 343

Offices: But the Officers at least stand in need of some part
of t]i(M'r pay for present Subsistence, & the privates frequent-
ly find tlio necessity of sonio money. In mine of the 10
^lay 1 desire leave to appoint a Secretary, & that a suitable
Esta})lisliment might be made for him. T have had no
answer. Tt is unsuitable for me to say that I do a great deal
of Inisiness in tliat way; but T have so much to do as inter-
feres w ith a proper discharge of my duties in other Respects,
The same person might officiate as Paymaster & Secretary.

I received a line from Council of the 9 May, which is the
only return I have had. At the time of wa-iting I supposed
some Articles required an Answer; & still wish for a Return
relative to a Surgeon, a Secretary & a Paymaster.

My necessary engagements have been such as to prevent my
calling for a general Return of the Militia of this State,
which should have l)een given in on the first Monday of this
month.

Such are my present Engagements, & such the Engage-
ments of the Militia, that I could wish to have the Returns
postponed till next January.

I am Sir, with Sentiments of Respect, your Honor's
most obedient & very humble Servant

Peleg Wadsworth

President of Council



Tn Council July 20'" 1780

Read & Committed to Jeremiah Powell and Benjamin
Austin Esq" to take into Consideration this Letter together
with the Letters referred to in this Letter and report what

may be proper to be done thereon

John Avery D Secy



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY

Order to Brig'^ Gen^ Wadsworth.

State of Massachusetts Bay

Council Chamber Boston July 11 1780
Whereas it appears to This Board That There are a Xum-
ber of Deserters from the continental Army in The line of
this State in Counties of Cumberland Lincoln and York, who
are desirous of taking the Advantage of the Proclamation of
his Excellency General Washington, by returning to Their
Duty in the said Army, but by Reason of Their Inability to
pay the necessary Expences of such a March are incapacitated
to improve the Day of Grase, and receiving the Benefits
Thereof Therefore Order that Brigadeer General Wads-
worth be and hereby is directed to signify to all Deserters
who are desirous to receive thr Benefit of the Proclamation
aforesaid, in the aforesaid Counties That Each of Them shall
receive when they arive at Boston, on their way to General
Washington's Plead Quarters a Sum of Mony Sufficient to
bear their Expenses to their respective Corps in the said
Army to be hereafter deducted from their wajes when they
shall receive the Ballance due to them from the Depreciation
of the same

Attest John Avery D Secy

Certificate in re James Cargill.

^^ewcastle July r' 1780

this may certify all whom it may concern that the Bill of
costs Levyed on Cargills Real Estate was larger than it would
have been had some persons attended as appraisers that
agreed to serve, but refused, and gave as a reason they had
been threatened, by reason of which s^ Creditors & officers was
put to extraordinary trouble & Expence

David Murray Dep*'' Sheriff



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345

This may certify all wIkjiu it may concern that James

C argil] applied to us the subscribers to set as Eefferees in the

case pending in the Inferior Court of common pleas holden

in Pownalbo rough in the County of Lincoln on the first

Tuesday of June 1780 between Ebenezer Whittier and John

Langdon plaintiffs and the said James Cargill J^efendant.

The said James acknowledged there was a sum of Money due

from him to the said Whittier and Langdon and all he wanted

of us was to ascertain how much the sum was —

Aug' 11'" 1780

Jonas Bowman |

N"ath Thwing \ Refferees



Col. Allan to the President of the Council.

Machias July 12''' 1780
Sir,

An Opportunity Just Offering gives me the Honor of
Writing a few Lines to the Ilonble Board, — my last was of
the 11'" Ult° from Passamequod — the 22°"* returned to Ma-
chias to settle matters there, an Officer and Twenty one ]\Ien
arrived from Camden, with Cap' Preble whom I had sent to
know the reason of their Detanure, —

On the 30'" I sett of for Passamequody with Colo. Camp-
bell as was Necessary he shoud Communicate personally what
was done for the Indians at the Westward, which is their
Custom —

The 31^' as we were Assembling for a Conference, Three
Indians arrived Express from S' John's, with a letter from
M"" Burk the Priest Desiring them to Atten'd him imme-
diately on bussiness of the Church, as allso a letter from
Major Studholm promising Pardon for past Offences, Pro-
tection & Presents. — I was Desired to Interpret these letters,
which when Done, much was said, a Conference held the best



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY

woud be Sufficient for Indians, for the want of men we have
of Two days, thev Came to a Determination to see the Priest
at all events, but Declared their Zeal for America, their
friendship & Affection for me, that they wou'd have no Con-
cern with the Britain whatever, — only meant to see the
Priest, their Souls being heavy & Loaded with Burthens of
Sins, that they acted on a Duty Commanded in their Church
which they Coud not I^eglect, — They Delivered a very large
Belt of Wampum to be sent Congress and French Ambassa-
dor (which will be sent at a proper Opp°) I used every
Meathod in my Power to Divert their Intention, but all in
Vain go they wou'd — But made the most Sacred Protesta-
tions to be back in Three Weeks — Accordingly all but about
100 Including Women & Children sett off the ?/ Ins*

I am very unhappy in being obliged to Acquaint the Hon^'^
Board of this, after the Success I have Experienced in Dis-
appointing the Priest & M"" Franklin for this three Years, —
I do not believe they will be persuaded to do any thing against
America, but it will give great Encouragement to the
Britains, and have to much reason to suspect they mean us
mischief by this Sudden Menuver, the Indians being the only
Dread for some time. Shoud nothing happen, I shall be
Contented, as it will save much Provisions But the Great
Disposer of Human affairs I Trust will Direct us for the
Best —

Our Situation may be Easily Conceived, when the Honble
Board is Acquainted, that I have but Thirty five men to de-
fend this Post, Part of which must Constantly be with me
among the Indians. — I have allready Troubled the Hon'ble
Board much in my Complaints about Troops not Coming —
this Spring I have Experienced »Si seen the Evil — Thirty
men is Double the Expence in proportion to what Sixty woud
be, as the Duty is Various & Constant, that men must be
Extra Supplyed to Enable them to go thro' the Hardships —



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347

was their a sufficient Number to Guard Half the Expence
to Court & pay them for every Trifling matter — are Often
obliged to hire people at a very great Expence, which by
having men wond l)e Prevented — Had there been but 20
men to have Attended me at Passamequody, made a small
Tempory Post, it Certainly woud have prevented the Eritains
a Erecting Post up S' Johns River & Neither Franklin nor
the Priest woud have dared to be so near, — with the same
Number of ]\Ien I Coud with the greatest Ease taken the
Buckram Schooner &, a Large Transport with Supplys for the
Several Garrisons up the Bay of Fundi, upon the whole the
Damage arising by not having a Hundred men at this Post
makes a great Odds in the Expence, & at present Liable to
loose all we have been Defending & Expending Money upon
these three Years Past —

I have received Intelligence from Nova Scotia, that the
most of the Troops in the out Garrisons are called into Hali-
fax, one Third of the ]\rilitia ordered to be Drafted, a part
for Windsor, by force ]\Iarched for Halifax, — where they are
carrying on Work, Advice Coming from England that a
French ileete is Expected — About 2500 ^fen in Halifax, k
Two Ships —

The Stores Received from the Continental Commissary a
great part is Useless — and all Extreemly under weight, lett
this arise from what it will, will make much Confusion, as
w-here it has been sent to the Indian Villages & to mv
Quarters, in Barralls, there will appear great Quantitys more
then there realy is — as we have Generally Depended upon
the Accuracy & Certainty of the Consigner, we did not find
the mistake till Considerable was Consumed — I have ordered
a Board of Officers in Conjunction with some of the prin-
ciple Inhabitants to Examin into the whole, — With Sub-
mission I must request a Word from the Hon*"^ Board to the
Board of War, to forward the Supplys Voted for Indians



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

with all Expidition, as of the greatest Consequence if its
Intend*^ to keep their Interest, — I feel reather Difident in
giving such Trouble to the Hon'ble Board, as I am well
asured of the Pains they are pleased to Take — I will do the
best I Can lett it be which way it will, while I am Honord
with the Command,—

I shall despatch off M"" Avery, with the Several matters
Concerning the Department next Week. — I have the
Honour to Be with the most Profound Respect and
Highest Esteem Sir your most obd^ & most Humble
Serv' J Allan

P. S. Inclosed is a Copy of Same Proclamation Issued.
The Hon'ble the President of the Honble Council - —

Acc^ of Lieu* NaW Stone.

State of Mass"® Bay to IsTat Stone D"" for Expences in taking

& bringing two deserters from Old York to Boston

July 9'^ To paid the Smith at York for hand

cuffs £22 16

15"" To paid Cap* Kendall for passage ^
and provisions from York to Salem \

To paid the Goal keeper at Salem

To paid for Crossing Winnissmit ferry

Boston July 16 1780 119 8

Nat Stone U V Mass"^ Reg*
'N. B. the above deserters are Dan^ Jacobs of the V^ Mass'"
Reg' and the Col°' Comp^ and Abbot of the 11'*^ and Cap*
Francis's Comp^ ISTat. Stone L*

In Council July 15, 1780

Read & All*^ & Ordered that a Warrant be drawn on the
Treasury for £119 : 8/ in favor of the Above Ace* the Same
to be deducted out of the Depreciation of the Deserters Wages
upon the Settlement Jn° Avery D Secy



60








33


12





3









OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 349

TjOC] of SI lip Prnfrrtor.

Ship Protector (Broad Bayj July IG'" 1780
Gentlemen,

I take this opportunity to inform you tliat I arrived in tliis
place on Wednesday last in order to take in Avater — clean
the Ships bottom (she being very foul ) and to discharge some
prisoners — Should have informed you of my arrival in tliis
place by a Sloop that sail'd from hence on Thursday last but
was up the river in order to obtain the advice of Gen' Wads-
worth (wlio was gone to Falmouth) and Esq"" Thomas re-
specting the Prisoners — I must refer you to the Annexed
Extracts from the Journal for particulars — having applied
to the Committee of this place respecting the disposal of the
prisoners, they have furnished a Schooner in which I shall
send them (amounting to about forty to Casco Bay) the rest
being all Dead

Being informed of Cap* Mowats Ship and several small
Craft heing at the Lime Islands in Penobscot Bay — I am
Avith the advice of M"" Thomas and the principal Inhabitants
of this place bound there, to act in Conjunction with our
Troops in hopes of Capturing or destroying them. Our Ship
is very sickly having now upwards of twenty sick persons
on board —

Shall embrace every opportunity of informing you of my
proceedings and beg leave to assure you that your orders
shall be always pimctually obeyed — by Gentlemen
Your most obedient & very humb' Serv*

Jn° F. Williams

P. S. ^Ve have had two men die since Ave haA-e been in this
place — shall send this Letter by a j\P Little one of the offi-
cers of the Ship who was Avounded —

Sam' Ph* SaA'age Esq"" and other Membersof the Board of War



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Ext7Xicts from tlie Journal of the Ship Protector.

.1Y80

Sunday May T'^ At 4 A. M. sailed from JsTantasket road.
Light winds at S. E. Schooner and Sloop under our con-
voy bound to Maehias — At 4AM took the Schooner
in tow — ISTothing remarkable till 11'^''

Thursday 11*'^ At 6 p. m. Light Airs of Wind at X. E.
close in off Maehias river cast off the Schoon'' and saw
her within the Islands — bore away to the Southward
for the Sloop — night coming on we lost Sight of her —
Lay off and on all night. At 6 A. M. Maehias bore X W
Dis' 4 Leagues — bore away and stood to the South-
ward-
Monday 15^'' At 5 p. m. saw a sail gave Chace at 10 Lost
sight of her Latt*^ 38 .. 46 . Long .. 61 .. 35 at 8 A M saw
two sail bear" S. S. E. as far as we cou'd see from Top
Most Tread — gave Chase —

Tuesday 16'^'' At 5 p. m. Came up w'' one of the Chace
prov** to 1)0 the Brig* Fame from Boston Cap* Fostin
bound to Gaudeloupe — who informed us the other was
the Brig* Thomas from Boston — At 10 A M. saw a sail
bear^ S. W. & B. W. Wind at W. S. W. Latf^ 38 .. 36
Long*^ 61.. 35 —

Wednesday 17'" Light Winds & fair W still in Chace — at
8 p. m. Lost Sight of the Chace Latt'' 39 .. 16 Long^
60.29

Saturday 20*" At 6 A. M. saw a Sail gave Chace — at
Merid" perceiv'' her to be a Brig* Stand^ W. E Latt''
39,36 Longitude 62 .. 30

Sunday 21'* Fresh Gales at :N. W. still in Chace at 1/2
past one spoke w*" the Chace prov*^ to be the Brig* Gen'
Waine bound from ^^ Island to Spain Latf' 40:34
Long'' 60.24 — Bore away for ISTew Foundland



or THE STATE OF MAIXE 351

Friday 2C)'*' At 4 A. M. Saw Cape H' Mary's bear« X. E.
Dis^ 7 Leagues — Saw several Shallops stand^ in Shore

— at florid" Capo Tfacc bore E. Dis' 8 Leagues —
Nothing more remarkable Th'u-k Dirty W^ till the 9'"
June

.Friday, June 0'" Wind at W. S. W. At 7 A. M. Saw a
Large Ship lo Windward l^ear*^ down for U. S. under
English Colours — appeared to be a Large Ship — she
bawled up her Courses in order for Action at 11 A. M.
We came along side of her under English Colours —
hailed her she answered from Jamaica. I shifted my
Colours & gave her a broad side — she soon returned us
another, the Action was heavv for near three Glasses
when Unfortunately she took fire and soon after ])lew
up — Got out our Boats to save the men took up 55 of
them among them was the 3'' ]\late and the only Officer
saved — the greatest p;nt of them very much wounded
& burnt — She was called the Admiral DutF — a Large
Ship of 32 Guns Command'* by Rich'* Strange from
S^ Kitts & S^ Eustatia Ladened with Sugar and Tobacco
bound to London — We Lost in the x\ction one Man
(M"" IBenj" Scollay) and had five men Wounded — re-
ceived in the Action several shott in our hull and had
several of our shrouds & stays Shott away — -Latf*
41 .. 50 — Long'* 46 .. 37 — Nothing more remarkable
till July V*- excepting the prisoners dying fast & our
ships Crew growing sickly occasioned by the Number
of sick &; wounded Prisoners on board.

Saturday July 1'' At G p. m. Light Airs of Wind at X. W.
Inclinable to Calm — hazey W"" saw a sail & gave Chace

— the Chace stand*^ for Us — Xight Coming on Lost
sight of her — at 5 A M. saw two ships the one bear^
S. E. the other X. W. both standing for us — Light



352 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOUY

Airs of Wind at W. S. W. — we stand for the Ship in
the E". W. at 10 Lost Sight of the Ship & Stearn Latf^
43 .. 34, Halifax Light House bear^ 1^ & B E. of us —

Sunday July 2°*^ Light airs of Wind at L. S. W. and hazing
W still stand^ for the Ship to y' ^^. W. at 2 perceived
her to be a Large Ship — tack^ ship & stood from her —
she gave Us Chace — saw two other ships one bear^ X.
W. the other W* stand^ for Us, at 3 bore away, sett Steer-
ing sails Low and Soft — at 4 the Ship gains on us fast
— within gun shott of us — gave us a bow Chace — we
returned her a stearn Chace, keeping up a running fight
till 8 P. M. when she came up with us and brot her
broad side to bear — gave us three broad sides we still
firing our Stearn Chaces at her. Xight coming on we
Lost sight of her rec'' no other Damage from her than
one twelve pound Shott in our main Mast — Judge her
to be a British frigate of 32 Guns & the other Ships to
be her Consorts — as she showed four Different Signals
before she began to fire — at 4 A. M. saw the other two
Ships the aforementioned one bore W. S. W. Standing
to the Southward — At 10 A. M. Light Airs of Wind.
■ Lost sight of the ships — Latf* 43 .. 35 —

Monday eTuly 3*^ Light Winds at W. S. W. and pleas^ W
Stand^ to the North Ward — at 10 P. M. saw a Light
bear^ N. K W. Judge it to be on the Land — at 6 A.
M. Saw the Land — at 10 A. M. Halifax Light House
bore N. E. B. E. Distance 5 or 6 Leagues — nothing



^th



remarkable till July 7

Friday July 7'*" Light Winds to the West'' foggy W Spoke
with a Brig' from Madeira Prize to the Saratoga be-
longing to Salem — at 4AM Saw a Sail bear" X. W.



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353

B. X. gave Chace — at T'ro't her too prov** to l)c a
I>rig' from Lisbon Loadeiied w"" Salt — prize to the
Tyger, Latt" 42 .. 47.

Monday Jidy 10'" Light Winds to the West, & foggy W
Saw the Island of Titmanan, ]\I()nnt Desert bear''' X. W.
— at Meridian Mount JJesert bore W. X. W. Distance
4 Miles —



Gen' Wadsworth to Council.

Head Quarters, Falrn" 14 July 1780
Sir,

Last Even^ arrived an Express from Cambden informing
me of a general uneasiness among the Troops at that place;
that they had slung their packs with a determination to leave
their post ; & that with dilHculty they were restrained for
the present. The cause of their uneasiness is want of bread,
of which they arc now destitute, & of which they have had
but little during the Campaign.

While with them faring as thev did tlicmselves, & bv other
means I endeavoured to keep up their spirits, & to give them
Contentment. They were pretty easy when I left them. As
soon as I can witli propriety leave this Post I mean to return
again. Should the troops at Cambden leave their Post thro'
discontent, or be driven from it thro' weakness, the Conse-
quence would be pernicious to the State: Put I do not admit
even the Idea. There is plenty of bread in the Country, &
a supply might be had even in this i)art of it, if there was
money, or measures adapted to procure it. I am persuaded
that a number of Towns, or Individuals in towns would turn
out a supply to my Order, were I empowered to draw u])on
the Treasury in their favour for a discount of taxes.

23



354 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY

"We have Reports of the arrival of a large British fleet at
Hallifax, with 10, or 12 thousand troops on board. It is
but Report ; I shall however pay so much attention to it, as to
enquire into the grounds of it, & to let Council know if I
can discover any

I am Sir, with much Respect, your Honor's most obedient,
humble Servant. Peleg Wadsworth

President of Council

P. S. Inclosed is an Inventory of Ordnance stores wanted
for the Garrison at this place.

Letter of Alexander Campbell.

Machias July IS^'^ 1780
Sir,

I have the Pleasure to inform you that I arrived safe at
]\[achias the 12"^ of June after five Days Passage the several
Recceipts for Suplys Ship'' for that Department you will
have Sent the Bord By Col° Allan your Honour may Re-
member I Recceived 15 Musquets for the Protection of the
Vessel and Stores Down in Case of Boats — 12 of which I
here Enclose you a Recept from the Comissary Smith three
out of the 15 I beg Leave to Take to my Own Acct as the
Militia are so indifl^erently found with few Arms there
Seem*^ an Absolute Xecserty or I Should not have kept them.
What Ever the Value is I will Pa v. the Enemy seem som-
thing Peacable at Bagaduc at Present — pray God They may



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