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not be Permited to Tarry here another Winter, you Will
please to make my Compliments to the gentlemen of the
Bord I liave : the Honour to Be With all Due Defference
your Honours Most Obedient Humble Serv*

Alex. Campbell
the Hon" M"- Savage
B. 17 Ber'^ Beef 1 D° Pork 2 Cask Bacon Taken in Parker's



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355

Pele(j Wadsworth to Council.

Head Quarters Falni" 18 July 1780
This Certifies that niuler necessity I applied to the Town
of N Gloeester in the County of Cuml)erland, & received of
Mr. Closes Bradbury Collector of s** Town forty eight Bushels
of Ind. Corn, delivered at N Yarmouth for the use of the
Troops at Cambden, at sixty five Dollars p"" bushel; for
which I gave Encouragement that he should have a discount
of taxes in his first payment for this year ; & request the
Hon'"'' CouiK'il to give Order accordingly

P Wadsworth B Gen'
To the Hon'""' Council of Massachusetts Bay



Peleg Wadsworth to Council.

Head (Quarters, Falm" 18 July 1780
This Certifies that under necessity I applyed to the Town
of N Gloeester in tiie County of Cumberland, & received of
M"" Jacob Haskell Collector of s'' Town forty two bushels of
Ind. Corn, delivered at X Yarmouth for the use of the Troops
at Cambden, at sixty five Dollars p"" bushel for which I gave
Encouragement that he should have a discount of taxes in his
payment for this year; & request the Hon**'^ Council to give
Order accordingly £873-0-0

Peleg Wadsworth 1j Gen'
To the Hon'"'' Council of Massachusetts Bay



Tim" Parsons Mem" Respecting the Masts &c at Kennehecl'.

M"" Samuel Toad has goot 2 Chains and 3 Staples that be-
longed to the ^last Boom at Kenebeck — and M"" Lambert



356 DOCUMENTARY inSTOKY

informs Me that Said Toad has got 1 pair of Jack Screws

and One tomehawk About 20 p"^ one Iron Crow and 3 Yards

that Toad disposed of as Said Lambert Says

Timothy Parsons
Boston July 19"^ 1780



War Office to Sam^ Todd.

War Office, Boston, July 19, 1780
Information has been given the Board, that you refuse to
deliver the Chains & Staples you received from M'" Lombard,
and that you also withhold sundry other Articles the Property
of the Public, we now call upon you to deliver the same imme-
diately to M"" Timothy Parsons or Agent there or you may
be assured we shall take proper steps to convince you that the
Interest of Government is not to be triffled with —

Your hum Serv' P>j Order of the Board
John Browne pres* pro tem
M'" Sam' Todd — Georgetown —



Me7no7'(md in re Gen Wadsivortli for Use of Committee.

July 10 r has at Falm° 2/3** of the men ordered to be raised
find — & cannot augment the Troops at Cambden —

Resolve < by report he hears 800 men are recommended by
Congress Congress to be on Continental Establishment &

would be highly conducive to the good of that

department.

Desire a paymaster & Secretary — one person could act in
both departments & is Necessary as they now devolve on him
— which greatly Interferes with his duty in other respects.

Officers stand in need of mone}' for their subsistence &
privates find y^ Necessity of some.



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3i



OO I



See the Letter to \vlii<'h some answer was given y^ ^lay,
wliether it was fully answered.

Wishes that the return of the ^lilitia might l)e postponed
to till January
14^'' July — Troops at Camden uneasy for want of Bread —

Consequence would he iici-iiicious should they leave it —

plenty of l>rejid in the Country & a supply may he had

even there, could lu; lic allowi^d (o disco' their taxes hy a

Certificate to the Treasurer.

Ordinance Stores to he sent.



Peleg Wadaworth to Prg.s' of Council.

Head Quarters, Falm° 24 July 1780
Sir,

I have been honoured with yours of the 11 Inst : It gives
me satisfaction that my Conduct meets with the approbation
of the honb'^ Board.

'*Your Cannon stored in Penobscott River" are so much
in the power of the Enemy, that to benefit the State with
some part rather than none, & to deprive the Enemy of the ad-
vantage of the whole, to encourage Enterprize by which alone
any can be saved I have offered one half to those who shall
recover any. If I have done wrong I wish for your Honors
Order in the Case.

I have now to acquaint your Honor that I have just re-
ceived a line from Cambden, inclosing a Copy of a Procla-
mation from the Comnumding Officers at Big-\vaduce, re-
quiring all the nuile Inhabitants on Penobscott & east Rivers
above 14 years old to appear at Fort George on P>igwaduce
by the 20 Inst: The Intent of this I suppose to be to oblige
the Iidiabitants to take an active decisive part. To prevent
this a detachment has been made from Cambden up Penob-



358 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY

scott River. This obliges me to order one Company from
this Post to Cambden, where I shall repair myself immedi-
ately. I propose to set off tomorrow Morn^

On the night of the 15 Inst: Brigadier Gushing was kid-
napped, taken from his house about 12° Clock at night &
carried on board a boat in Kennebeck River. He was car-
ried off by six armed men unknown. This is the last we
know of him. He is supposed to be carried to Bigwaduce.

I am Sir, with sentiments of great Respect, your Honor's

most obedient humble Servant

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen'

Hon'''^ President of Council

P. S. if the Cannon Carriages mention'd in mine of the
14^'' Inst : are not begun or Sent, I am very desirous that they
may be of the new Construction, as they would accomodate
the Fort in which they are to be placed to very great ad-
vantage

P Wadsworth BG



Gen^ Wadsworth to Council.

Head Quarters, Falm° 24 July 1780
Sir,

Lieut: Stevens, who will deliver you this, takes from hence
thirty Prisoners to be delivered to your Honor's Order at Bos-
ton. Part were taken by the Troops at Cambden, & part by
the Protector. They will be distinguished by the inclosed list.
I could wish the prisoners taken from Bigwaduce & in Penob-
scott Sound, when exchanged might be sent southward; as
it will be in their power to do us much mischief on their
return east.



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359

I have to recjuest that Mr. Stevens's Expcnces may be re-
paid him al fjoston, as it was not in my power to furnish him
witli any pul)lic money fioni this place.

I have the honor to l)e your Honor's most obedient humble
Servant Peleg Wadsworth B Gen'

Hon"'* President of Council



Letter to this State's Delegates at Congress

Council Chamber July 20. 1780
Gentlemen

This State has endeavoured punctually to Comply with
the Resolutions of Congress relative to y® articles they are
required to furnish for the Army, as will more fully appear
from the Resolves of the General Assembly which have been
transmitted to Congress, Among other measures taken by
the Assembly a Committee of three were Appointed to super-
intend the Purchases of the Articles aforesaid who reside
at Springfield, a Letter has been received from the Commit-
tee beforementioned extracts from which you have Inclosed
representing that the Department of the Commissary General
being in a Disordered Condition, Col° Dyer from Connecticut
has been lately in Town relative to the same business k has
represented that after the State of Connecticut have pur-
chased & collected their monthly Quota of supplies for y^
Army they can find no Person to whom to deliver them in
order to their being Transported to Head Quarters — That
finding the Army here greatly distressed for Provisions that
Government had Undertaken to transport Provisions & to
drive Cattle to the Borders of New York & finding no Person
impowered to Receive them they had been oblidged to trans-
port & Drive them to Gen' Washington's Camp & in order
to defray the Expences of such Transportation they had been



,360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

oblidged to sell the Cattle Upon the Road — We are sorry to
find the Business of this Department in such a State of Dis-
erangement, Certainly this Matter ought to be attended to
Immediately, otherways the Army must suffer Extremely if
they are not oblidged to Disband. —

The Committee aforementioned have also represented that
Col° Wadsworth late Commissary General had applied to
them in behalf of the French Army at Newport to supply
him with one hundred head of Cattle weekly & also a Con-
siderable Quantity of grain for Storage, we should be glad
to be immediately informed whether the French Army was
Considered in the General Estimate & whether what this
State may furnish for this Purpose will be considered as
part of their Quota of the Supplies for j^ Army —

The Expence that has accrued to this State by the Expedi-
tion to Penopscot lays very Heavy upon this State & has
greatly Embarrassed us with respect to our finances, People
thro the State have been very uneasy that this Expence has
noit been reimbursed by the Continent, as they conceive they
have just Claim to it not only by the Resolves of Congress
but by the Articles of the Confederation, The Warrant that
has been Issued by Congress for two million of Dollars in
favor of the Council of this State upon this occasion has given
some small relief but it is the general expectation that some-
thing decisive should be done by Congress relative to this
matter & you are hereby instructed to bring this Business
before Congress & obtain their final determination upon it.
If the final Result of Congress should be not to defrey this
Expence, we fear such an uneasiness will take place as will
greatly Impede Public Measures as will Essentially Injure
the Common Cause & finally create a greater Expence to
the Continent than if the determination of Congress had
been otherways



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361

Peleg Wadsworth to President of Council.

Waldoborough 28 July 1780
Sir,

I am now on my return from Falni" to Tliomaston. At
this place I meet ]\Ir. Thomas, Quartermaster & Commissary
for the eastern department, bound to Boston. He informs
me that our stores at Tliomaston & Cambden are nearly ex-
hausted.

Bread we have been destitute of for a number of weeks
past; & shall be destitute of every thing else in a very short
time, unless immediately supplied. A few days will end
our present stock. I therefore must urge that Mr. Thomas
may be enabled to supply us immediately.

A quantity of amunition &c is also wanted ; a schedule of

which is inclosed. T am Sir, your Honor's most obedient &

humble Servant

Peleg Wadsworth B G
Hon**'^ President of Council.



List of Officers Reported by Gen^ Wadsworth.
Commissioned Officers Staff Officers



o




u
o


o


a


JO

C
u
<b


<A

a


■4^

c

Ct3


u

^


c




3






rt

s


a.




p.

C3


3






S


• fM









Cj


3


X


'<w^




3




I-?




r-(


<N


O


OO


o


<


C


m
((


S


At Falmouth


1


1


((


4


6


((


1


1


((


At Thomastou


((


((


u


1


2


(t


(i


((


1


ti


At Cambden


((


l(


1


6


10












Total


1


1


1


11


18


((


1


1


1


i(



362



DOOUMENTAKY HISTORY





Non
Comm'd




Rank & File










u


>j


4J




73










4.


-«^


^




c








bc


s




2




e
o
o


s


1




rt


k(


£






a


r-


o




CO


Q


p<


cc


cc


Q


o


H


At Falmouth


16


6


87


9


4


43


5


148


At Thomaston


4


2


40


2


a


2


3


47


At Cambden


21


7


57


18


4


117


10


201


Total


31


15


178


24


8


162


18


896



At Falmouth : 1 Cap' Lieut. & 28 Matrosses

Absent of the Above on Command.

_



u

o






<8









CC



09

«
03




2


81


5


119


1


12


8


162



At Machias

At Penobscot River,

Sound &c in

Whale Boats

A Guard at Mouth

S* Georges River

Total



Thomaston 1 August 1780



P Wadsworth B G



Petition of Caleb Graff am.

To the Honorable Council and the Honorable House of Rep-
resentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in Gen-
eral Court Assembled ^ —
The Petition of Caleb Graffam of Windham in the County
of Cumberland & State aforesaid — humbly shews that in
the year 1773 he was chosen by the said Town of Windham
to collect the sums assessd on the hundred acre Lots there



OF TTfE STATE OF . MAINE 303

agreeably to an act of the General Court intituled ''An Act
impowering the Assessors of the Town of Windham in the
County of Cumberland to assess yearly for the three Years
next ensuing one penny half penny p"" Acre on every of the
hundred Acre Lots in said Town already lotted out and not
otherwise taxed, ministerial and School Lands in Said Town
excepted" That he posted up true Copies of the Lists of
Assessments committed to him by the Assessors as in i: by
said Act was directed, in the Towns of Windham Falmouth
and Marblehead — That although in Cases wherein he shall
not be* concerned he supposes his declaration on Oath of such
notifications, will be a sufficient evidence thereof. Yet in
Cases wherein he may be interested he is doubtful whether
it would be sufficient — That he can procure Evidence of his
having posted up such notifications in the Towns of Windham
& Falmouth — but on Account of the Death & Removal of
a great number of Persons who then lived in ^Marblehead he
finds himself unable to obtain sufficient evidence of their
being posted up there —

He therefore humbly prays your Honours to enact or Re-
solve either that his Oath of his posting up the lists aforesaid
in the three Towns above mentioned shall be considered a
sufficient Evidence of such notifications — or that other Evi-
dence of the Same, being posted up in the Towns of Wind-
ham & Falmouth agreeably to the Act aforesaid shall in cases
wherein he may be interested avail to all intents & purposes
as though such Evidence of their being posted up in all the
said Towns cou'd be obtained — And your Petitioner as in
duty bound will ever pray

Caleb Graff am

Windham August 2^ 1780
State of ^lassachusetts Bay
Cumberland ss



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Certificate of 8am} Freeman.

Falmouth Dec' 16*'' 1778
Caleb Graffam having been chosen by the Town of Wind-
ham in said County A. D. 1773 to collect the sums assessed
on the hundred acre Lots there agreeably to an Act made k
passed the said year by the General Assembly of the said
State intituled "An Act impowering the Assessors of the
Town of Windham in the County of Cumberland to assess
yearly for three years next ensuing one Penny half Penny
p"" Acre on every of the hundred Acre lots in said Town al-
ready lotted out and not otherwise taxed Ministerial and
School Lots in said Town excepted." appeared before me the
Subscriber one of the Justices of the Peace for said County,
and made Oath that he posted up Copies of the within Noti-
fication in said Windham, in Falmouth the Shire Town of
the County aforesaid, and in the Town of Marblehead two
Months before the 26'^ December in the year aforesaid as in
and by the said Act was directed

Samuel Freeman
True Copy

Attest

John Avery Secy

Notice of Tax 8ale of Larid in Windham.

Whereas the Assessors of the Town of Windham in the
County of Cumberland on the sixth Day of December 1773
assessed one Penny half Penny Per Acre on the several hun-
dred Acre Lots in said Windham being unimproved and not
otherwise taxed gave public ISTotice thereof and that said Tax
was delivered Caleb Graffam Collector to collect agreeable to
the Directions of the Province Law in that Case made and
provided and Whereas the Owners or Proprietors of the Letts
hereafter mentioned have neglected to pay said Tax, this is



OF TllK STATK OK MAINE 305

to give public notice that in Pursuance of said Act or Law
so much of tlie Lotts of such (lelin(|uent Owners or Proprie-
tors and no more will he sold at public \'oiidue on Monday
the Twenty sixlli Day of December next at the House of
Richard J\rayberrv Iidioldci- of the Town of Windham as
will be sufficient to pay such lax upon tlicni respectively and
inler\'ening Charges The following arc the Lists which are
delinquent (List follows)

Windham 11'" Ocf 1774

True Copy

Attest

John iVvery Sec'y

Thomas Trott 1 Assessors
Ichabod Hanson }■ of

Hugh Crague J Windham

Certificate of (Jen' Wadsirnrfh.

Head (Quarters, Thomaston, 4 Aug: 1780
This Certifies that the Bearer, Roby Lydstone, a Deserter
from the Massachusetts line in the Continental Army, vol-
untarily delivered himself to me in order to return to his
duty, & to receive the Benefit of Gen' Washington's Pardon
offered agreeable to a request of this State of the 5 May 1780 ;
& is permitted to pass directly to join the Continental Army

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen'

Letter of Gen^ Wadsivorth to Council.

Head Quarters, Thomaston, 7 Aug: 1780
Sir,

Agreeable to a Letter from the Hon""' Council of the ll""

Ult° I have sent forward to Boston what Deserters belonged

to this Camp, & those I could collect round about : And fully

to carry into effect the good Intentions of Council, I have



o



66 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY



signified to all Deserters in tlie Counties, Lincoln, Cumber-
land & York from the Massachusetts line in the Continental
Army, that whoever shall deliver himself to me, or to the
Council at Boston before the 25 1st shall receive the Benefit
of Gen' Washington's Pardon, and Money at Boston sufficient
to bear his Expences to Gen' Washington's Head Quarters.
The distance those in the Counties of Cumberland & York
must travel east, in order to deliver themselves to me, is the
reason why I have directed them to Council,

If I mistake not the Enemy at Bigwaduce are practising
a piece of Deceit with the Commissary of prisoners at Bos-
ton, by exchanging the Paroles of sundry persons taken at
Bigwaduce, for Prisoners of war at Boston, many of which
persons I suppose are clandestine Traders with the Enemy:
& the better to cover their Iniquity & serve the Enemy, pre-
tend to have been taken prisoners & admitted to their paroles.
These by being exchanged have it in their power to repeat
their treasonable practices ; & the Enemy are much served by
having their prisoners of war exchanged for them.

A number of such Paroles have been offered to me by Capt.
Mowatt in exchange for prisoners of war, together with the
Paroles of many persons taken in their boats & Canoes in
fishing. The first I have refused to exchange at all, & the
last I offered to exchange by picking up the like number of
(those that He calFd) British subjects, employ'd in their own
private business, from parts adjoining to Bigwaduce, & with
them to make an exchange in Case an Exchange was insisted
upon : Should this fraud be practising at Boston, it may
easily be detected.

I should be glad to he informed of the general principle &
mode of Exchanges that is adopted by the State.

Brigadier Cushing still remains a prisoner at Bigwaduce.
I beg leave to ask if there is no prisoner in the State or Con-



OF THK STATE OF MAINE 367

tineiital parole, or otherwise, that wouhl make a suitable ex-
change ? The Brig"' is very desirous to be exchanged, & de-
sires to know what Rank he ought to hold with a Continental
officer.

There have been a considerable number of Coasters & small
Fishermen taken on this Coast of late, & principally ]>\ two
small Cruisers, commanded bv Fullerton & Pomerov, who
lately escaped from Boston Goal

On the fourth Inst: I sent off a small detachment of 12
men in a whale Boat for Machias under the direction of Capt.
Prebble, who is lately from that Post l)y order of Col° iVllan,
It was not in ni\- power to send Col" Allan the men he urged
for & expected.

The Inclosed is a Return of the Troops under my
Command. I have the honour to be Sir with Respect &
Esteem Your most humble Serv*^

Peleg Wadsworth B G



Petition of Stephen Longfellow.

State of the Massachusetts Bav 1 To the Honb'^ the Councill

•■ & House of Representatives
Cumberlands J of s*^ State:

Stephen Longfellow late of Falmouth in s'' County Esq""
humbly shews — that his Son Cap*^ Sam' Longfellow late of
s'' Falmouth having return'' from Sea just before the burn-
ing of that Town the Vessell whereof he was Master being
hall'd into the wharf was burnt at that Time, by means
whereof & Navigation being then Dull he was thrown out of
business and continued so until the latter End of the Year
1777 at which Time having obtained Letters of Recom-
mendation from some Gentlemen in Falmouth to M"" Come-



868 DOCUMENTARY lllSTOKY

liiis Durant of the Island of S' Croix in the West Indies
Merch' he took Passage there in order to get Business he
was soon put in Mate of a Vessell — made one Voyage and re-
turn'd to S' Croix again and was then put in Master of a
small Sloop & Cruis'd among the West India Islands, After
this Viz* in the fall of the Year 1778 he got to he Master of
another Sloop and went to Virginia & has heen constantly
imploy'd from Virginia to the West Indies ever since till last
Chrismas saving when he was driven on Shore or taken by
the British Vessells which has happened two or three Times,
last Christmas he came to Virginia very sick & remained so
all last Winter and Spring insomuch that his Physicians ad-
vised him to come to the ISTorthward for his Health but as
he was bound hither he had the misfortune once more to be
taken by the Britons and carried into New York & there he
now is a Prisoner very weak and Low if alive — But it so
happens that notwithstanding he has I am persuaded never
so much as had the least intention to go over to Join the
Enemy, yet his name is inserted in the Law that is made
against those that have — His Case is very singular by the
Britons he is taken and treated as an Enemy and kept a
Prisoner there; and by the Authority of this State accus'd
of having joind them & the severest punishments awaits him
here — I think I can truly say that there is no Judicious
Person this Way that has heard of his Transactions since he
left Home but think his Names being inserted among those
who had join'd the Enemy was an Error — Wherefore I
humldy request he may have permission from your Honours
to return Home for recovery of his Health and to make his
Innocence appear, and as in Duty bound shall ever pray —

Stephen Longfellow
in Behalf of his Son
Gorham Aug* 10*'^ 1780



OF TJIK STATE OF MAIXE 369

In Council Sep' 12' 1780

Head & Ordered that Samuel Xiles Esq with such as the
lion''''' House shall ji)iii lie a ( 'oiinnittce to take into Con-
sideration this Petition toiiether with the Papers Accotu-
paiiyini:, tlic same to report what iua_y he proper to he done
thei-eon

kSeut down for Concurrence

John A very O Sec v.

c t

111 the House of Representatives Sep' 13, 1780

Kead & concurred & ^laj"" Goodman & Br'ig^ Prehle arc
join'd

John Hancock Spk""

The Committee of hoth Houses to wdiom was referr'd the
Petition of Stephen Longfellow in hehalf of Samuel Long-
fellow report the following resolve

Sam Niles pr order

State of :\Iass'^ Bay

In Council Septem"" 14"^ 1780

Whereas the Xame of Samuel J^ongfellow was inserted in
an Act pass" the 1(5'" of Octoher 1778 intitled an Act to pre-
vent the return to this State of certain persons therein named,
and others, who have left this State, or either of the United
States and jovnM tlie Enemies thereof, and w'hereas it
appears to this Court l)y a Deposition — Certificate and
other papers that said Xame was inserted thro' a mistake

Therefore Resolved that Samuel Longfellow be and herehy
is permitted to return to this State from Xew York, where
he is now retained as a Prisoner of this State, the Exclusion
Act aforesaid notwithstanding —
In Council Sep' 14' 1780

Read & Accepted

Sent down for Concurrence

John Avery D Secy



370



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY



In the House of Representatives Sep*^ 14'^'' 1Y80
Eead & concurr'd



Consented to
J Bowdoin
T Gushing
W Spooner
B. White
B Austin



D Davis
T Danielson

X Gushing
Sam Niles
J Simpson



eJohn Hancock Spk""

Jn° Pitts
Aaron Wood
Caleb Strong
Tho"" Durfee
Step" Choate



Certificate of J as. Johnson.

Gamp at Falmouth 10"^ Aug^' 1780

This Cartefeth that Robby Lydston was a Solder in Cap*

Bragdens Comp^ Coll Proms Reg*^ Now Doing Duty at the

Eastward, has Sarv^ four months in s*^ Comp^ & Regm* as a



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