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of General Lovell : and from and after the time the Enemy
took Post there, the said Militia were under a Continual
Alarm while in very difficult Circumstances, and in the most
precious Season of the Year (the time of Harvest) untill
the American Expedition took place; and for a long time



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37

after the unhappy and Unfortunate Defeat of our Troops
in that Quarter, the Militia and Inhabitants of that Country
were Reduced to every difficulty and distress that may or
can be exprest: But Notwithstanding their Deplorable
Circumstances, their Attachment to the Cause and Liberties
of their Country were such as Animated the People to the
greatest Vigilence and Fortitude in their Countrys Cause,
while under every disadvantage and discouragement, from
the Art Insinuation and Power of the Enemy, and from
those Exertions they still hold possession of every part of
said Country Except those places which were first Subjected
on the Arrival of the Enemy — And whereas the Monthly
pay assigned by your Honors (By means of the Enormus
Prices of every article of Consumption) is so very incon-
siderable towards the maintenance of a Family, who needs
every possible exertion for its daily subsistence, and the
time of their actual service in said Expedition, Bearing so
small a proportion to their Exertions & Services both before
and since said Expedition and to their present alarming
situation. —

Wherefore your Petitioner, who from his Connection with
the said Militia in that Quarter, having the Honor more
particularly to direct in their Military Operations, as well
as from his own knowledge of the Facts above mentioned
Humbly prays your Honors would be pleased to take their
case into your wise consideration, and Grant that the officers
who have made up their Rolls, may be ordered to make them
up for two months instead of the time exprest in their said
Rolls, more especially Capt Daniel Sullivan and his Com-
pany, who have more particularly exerted themselves (being
the Frontier & Contiguous to the Enemy) on this Occasion,
and which in Justice to them, myself and my Country I
cannot omit mentioning, or otherwise relieve them as your



38 DOCUMEiVTARY HISTORY

honors in jour known Wisdom and Goodness may think
best. —

And your petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray etc

Alex"" Campbell Lieut CoP
Boston Dec/ 1779. of Militia



Petition of James Cargill.

To the Hon^"' Council and Hon''''' House of Representatives
of the State of Massachusetts Bay in Xew England in Gen-
eral Court Assembled December 27, 1779

The Petition of James Cargill of Newcastle in the County
of Lincoln and State aforesaid
Humbly Sheweth

That He and Company in July 1775 attackt, & took a
certain Sloop, called ISTancy, Peleg Crooker Master, then in
the Actual Service of the Fleet, and Army, employed against
the United Colonies of I^orth America: And the said Sloop
at a fair Tryal, at a Maritime Court for the Eastern District
of this State, held in the East Precinct of Pownalborough.
was condemned, and Adjudged to the Benefitt of the Captors.
And your Petitioner in Consequence of the Laws of this
State, and placing his Dependance on the Publick Faith,
made Sale thereof (As by Law he Judges he had a Right
to do) to Mess''^ Whither's & Langdon, and by them said
Sloop was sold to Others. That by an Order of this Court
an Action was commenced against your Petitioner for the
Recovery of said Sloop at the Superiour Court of Judicature
and by the Reason the Same Evidences produced at the
Maritime Court, could not be procured at said Tryal in the
Superiour Court, he failed. And your Petitioner is now
sued by said Whithers & Langdon in an Action of £10,000,
and his Estate Attacht for the recovery of said Sloop, if the



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39

said Action should go against him it will prove his utter
Kuin,

Your Petitioner would recommend his Case to the Con-
sideration of this Court, and pray the Authority of this
Court to interpose for his Releif so far as shall be consistent
with their Wisdom & Dignity ; and allow him a hearing be-
fore this Hon*"^ Court that so he may Shew further Cause
why he ought not to be thus molested, and prosecuted in the
Law, when he acts on the publick Faith of the Government,
pledged to those who engaged in its Defence against the
Enemy And your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever

pray &c

James Cargill

State of Massachusetts Bay.



Resolve on the Petition of Sartelle Alexander.
State of Massachusetts Bay

In the House of Eepresentatives Dec"" 28, 1779
On the Petition of Sartcll Alexander of Penobscot Town-
ship No 1, Praying that Some Releaf may be Granted to him
to Support his Family in this Present Deploreable Case

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition Be so far Granted
as that there be Paid out of the Treasury of this State to
Sartell Alexander the sum of One Hundred Pound to Enable
him to support His Family through the Winter

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk*"
In Council Dec^ 28^'' 1779

Read & Nonconcurred

John Avery D Sec'y

In Council Jan^ 11"' ITbO

Read again & the Board reconsider their Vote of Xon cou-



40



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY



currence passed Dec*" 28*^ last & concurr with the Hon'"'^

House in their vote

John Avery D Sec'y.

Warrant drawn Jan^ 11''' 1780



Consented to —
Jer Powell
A Ward
W. Spooner
Caleb Gushing
J Fisher



S Adams
B. White
A. Wood
J. Simpson
O Prescott



Tho^ Durfee
Aaron Wood
N. Goodman
A Fuller
Jn° Pitts



Order of Genl Court on petition of Alexander Campbell.

State of Massachusetts Bay
In the House of Representatives Dec"" 28, 1779

On the Petition of Alexander Campbell Praying that a
number of men containd in the Roles Exhibited With his
Petition may be allowed for their services — Resolved that
the men who are Mentioned in said Roles be allowed & paid
the same sum that the men who were Imployed on the late
Expedition to Penobscot were paid & the Committee on
Muster Roles are directed to Examine & allow accordingly

Sent up for Concurrence
In Council Dec^ 28 1779 John Hancock Spk^

Read & Concurred

John Avery D Sec'y
Consented to —
Jere Powell
A Ward
W Spooner
Caleb Cushing
B. White



S. Adams
J Fisher
H Gardner
A. Fuller
O Prescott



Jno. Pitts
Aaron Wood
Thos Durfee
D Davis
N. Goodman



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41

Resolves of Gen' Court.

State of Massachusetts Bay

In the House of Representatives Dec' 28 1779

Whereas by the resolve of this Court of September lo'*"
1779 for making an Establishment for the Troops that late-
ly served in the Expedition t© Penobscott no provision is
made for recovering the fire arms delivered out on said
Expedition

Therefore

Resolved that the Commissary of Ordinance Employed
on said Expedition be and he hereby is directed to Certifie
under his hand what Number of fire arms he delivered out &
to whom, with a Copy of all the receipts he received for said
arms, and Lodge y^ same in the Secretaries office as soon as
May be That the Muster rolls May not be delayed.

Resolved That the several officers Employed in said Ex-
pedition, who received any fire arms belonging to the
State, Stand Chargeable to the State for the same and
are hereby directed to Call for said arms from the Soldiers
to whom they were delivered k return the same to the
Brigadier in the County to which they severally belong and
the said Brigadiers are hereby directed to receive and store
said Arms untill the further order of this Court, and give
a receipt there for to such officers or men from whom they
receive such Arms, which receipt shall be a proper voucher
to the Committee on JMuster rolls to make up the pay of
such officers and privates as have received & returned the
same —

and all officers in Making up their Cluster rolls for the
above services are hereby directed to make up pay for no
officer nor private but such as Joined the army before the
retreat, and to insert in their rolls which of the men therein



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

named (if any) have received a state fire arm and whether
return'd or not return'd, and y^ committee on rolls are
directed that before they pass said rolls to deduct from the
wages of each man who has received a fire arm & not re-
turned it, the sum of Twenty five Pounds as payment for
such arms which have been detained — and where any of y^
aforesaid arms were lost in actual service, and the person who
lost the same making solemn oath before some Justice of
Peace or Town Clerk where no Justice Dwells (who is here-
by Impowered to Administer of same) That the fire arm or
arms in his possession and belonging to this State was lost
in actual service, and that it never was in his power to re-
cover of same again, and also producing a certificate thereof,
under the hand of the Justice or Town Clerk who shall ad-
minister the same, such certificates shall be considered as a
sufficient voucher to Indemnifie him from bearing the Loss
of Such fire arm, & the Commit tes on Muster rolls are not
to deduct from his wages, the loss of such fire arm notwith-
standing



Petition of Alexander Campbell.

To the Hon""' the Council & Hon'"" House of Representa-
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court
Assembled at Boston Dec"" 1779 —

The Petition of Alexander Campbell
Humbly Sheweth

That by the neglect and mistake of the officers called out to
do Duty at Machias in the year 1777 : Ten persons who were
there on Actual Service were Omitted being made up in any
Rolls for their Services at the Time when the British Troops
made the Attack at said Machias ; And also that on the seven-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43

teenth day of December last, when the ]\rerrisheet Schooner
Laden with State Stores from Boston bound to the Garrison
at said Machias, was Engaged by a British Cruiser and drove
into y® mouth of Narragansus River, and stood in need of
Protection, vour Petitioner alarm'd and called on Duty
twenty seven men officers included (of the Militia) agreeable
to the Role herewith exhibited, which Men & Officers were
kept on Duty as long as said Vessel continued in said Har-
bour, the Enemy being still on the Coast, a sufficient Guard
was put on board & sent with her to Machias, and although
modesty forbids my Troubling your Honor with matters so
trifling considering your great hurry of Public Business, still
when I consider the neglect of the Duty of Officers, will by no
means make restitution to the Soldiers' for his services, so
Essentially necessary for the Defence of the Country — Your
pef is constrained to pray your Honors will be pleased to
order that the said Rolls may be paid according to the time
the officers have attested thereto or otherwise relieve them as
your Honors in your known Wisdom & Goodness shall think

best

and as in duty bound shall pray &c

Alex"" Campbell Lieut Col"

Militia



Resolve of Gen' Court.

State of Massachusetts Bay
In the House of Representatives Decem"" 28, 1779

Whereas the Continental Navy Board in this department
have represented to this Court that Capt. Harker of the
Continental Sloope Providence did on the seventeenth day
of July last lend to Col. Josiah Brewer then in the service of
this State five hundred weight of Bread which bread has



44



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY



not been returned and said representation appearing to be

just and well founded —

Therefore Resolved that the Board of Wars be directed

and they are hereby accordingly directed to deliver to the

Continental Navy Board five hundred weight of bread in

full payment for the bread borrow'' as afor'^ as soon as they

have it in their power so to do without essential injury to

the publick service.

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk*"



In Council Dec"" 29''^ 1779

Read & Concurred
Consented to —
Jer Powell
A Ward
W Spooner
Caleb Cushing
T Cushing



S Adams
H Gardner
D Davis
Jno Pitts
J Fisher



John Avery D Sec'y.

B. White

A. Fuller
0. Prescott
Thos Durfee

Aaron Wood



8tateme7it of S. Lovell B'' G'-

Boston Dec"" 30^^ 1779
These — Certify that Col° Campbell was requested to bring
forward as many men from his Regiment to reinforce the

Army at Bragwaduce as he Could

S Lovell B^G' —



Resolve.

In the House of Representatives Jan^ V^ 1780

Resolved that the Court of General Sessions of the peace
for the County of Cumberland be, and they hereby are im-
powered and directed to allow and grant out of the Treasury
of said County to those persons who in consequence of an



OK TIIK STATE OF AIAIXE



appointment thereto, by the Committees of the several towns

in said County, represented the same in the Convention held

at Concord in July last, a reasonable sum for tboir time and

expenec in attending that service; And to assess the Amount

thereof upon the Poles &; rateable estates within the said

County in the same manner as they are by law directed to

assess other county charges.

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk""
In Council Jan^ '^^ 1780

Read & Concurred

John Avery I) Secy



Consented to
Jer: Powell
A. Ward
W Spooner
T Danielson
S Adams



J Fisher
D Davis
P White
H Gardner
Tho^ Durfee



N Goodman
O Prescott
Jn° Pitts
G Simpson
Aaron Wood



Petition of Jonathan Mitchell.

To the Hon*''*' the Council and Hon'''* House of Representa-
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court
Assembled at Boston —

The Petition of Jonathan ]\fitchell Col° of the Regiment
Raised in the County of Cumberland for the Penobscot Ex-
pedition — Humbly Sheweth, —

That your pef hath made up the Muster Rolls for Eight
Companies in his said Regiment, but by an Order of this
Hon*"* Court he is restricted from receiving a Warrant for
the foot of said Rolls, unless the Guns received by the Several
Captains are accounted for. —

That your pet"" knows nothing about the Loss of the Guns
but as your pef was sent to receive the Wages due to the



46 DOCUMENTAKY HISTOEY

Soldiers he is willing that a Stoppage may at present be made

for the Missing Guns —

And Humbly prays Your Konc^": would be pleased to

Order that he may receive the foot of the Rolls excepting the

'Missing Guns —

And as in duty bound shall pray &c

Jon* Mitchell
Boston 30'^ Decern"- 1779

This Certifys that I delivered for y" use of CoP Mitchells

Reg* while at Penobscut) Eighty Eight Stand of Arms Com-

pleat & Ninety four Cartridge Boxes

Gilbert W Speakman

Com^ Ordnance on ye Penobscut Expedition
War Office, Boston, Jan^ S'' 1780
This Certifies that the Muskets, for the Penobscot Expedi-
tion were charged at £15 p""

Attest Joseph Chapman J"" S^

War Office, Boston, January G**" 1780

This Certifies that the Cartouch Boxes, for the Penobscot

Expedition were charged by the Board of War at six Pounds

each

Joseph Chapman Jr S^



Petition of Daniel Sullivan.

To the Hon"'^ the Council and Hon"'® House of Representa-
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court
Assembled at Boston

The Petition of Daniel Sullivan Humbly Sheweth,
That your petitioner had the Honor to Command a Com-
pany of Voluntiers at the late Unfortunate Expedition to
Penobscot and at the Request of his Company came up to
Boston to make up & Exhibit his Muster Roll for payment,



OI' TIIK STATE OF MAINE 47

wliicli Ivoll tlio Coiiiiiiittee on Roils have passed, Jiiid it now
lavs Willi the ITon"'^ the Council for a Warrant on the Treas-
ury, 1ml their Honors are of opinion tliat they cannot give a
Warrjiiit pnyaltlo to your jietitioncr, as yonr pef has not
Orders from the IiidividiKils of tlio Tompany to Kcecivo their
pay — Your jicf" would beg leave to Observe tluit he has
made up Sundry Rolls for Services to tlio State, upon all
which he has always received a Warrant on the Treasury
for the Foot of his IMustcr Rolls, and afterwards paid every
individual man made up in said Rolls his full Wages &c
without any deduction whatever — and as the several per-
sons made up in his present Roll live at distances from each
other, And he at a great Expence & at their desire came up
Solely to Receive for them their pay

He humbly prays your Honors would be pleased to Order
that he may bo allowed to receive the foot of his present
Muster Rolls, he having no Orders notwithstanding

And as in duty bound shall pray &c

Dan' Sullivan



Committee of Conference.

State of Mass"^ Bay

In Council January s' 1780

Ordered — That Artemas Ward, Walter Spooner, Sam'
Adams, Jabez Fisher, & Timothy Danielson Esq" be a Com-
mittee on the Part of the Board to confer with such Com-
mittee as the Hon'ble House shall Ai)point upon the Subject
Matter of the Report of the Committee of both Houses ap-
pointed to consider whether ;iii Attempt to dislodge the
Enemy from the Post they hold at pcnobscot is practicable
Sent down for Concnirrence

John Avery D Secv



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY

In the House of Representatives Jan'' 1, 1780 —

Read & concurred & the Hon* M"" Paine M'" Tudor, Coll
Whitney, Maj"" Holmes & Capt Lovejoy are appointed on the
part of the House for the purpose aforesaid

John Hancock Spk""

In the House of Representatives Jan^ 1^^ 1780

Orderd That IMT Gorham of Lunenliurgh be of the Com-
mittee to confer with a Committee of the Hon Board relative
to an Expedition to Penobscot in the room of Maj'' Holmes
excus'd

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk""

In Council Jan'' s* 1780 Read & Concurred

John Avery D Secy



Petition of James Brotun.

The Hon'''^ Council & House of Representatives of the State
of Massachusetts Bay —

The Humble Petition of James Brown last Master of the
Brigantine Samuel on the Penobscot Expedition Gentlemen
Your Petitioner being Imployd in the above unfortunate
Expedition & in the Service of this State; takes the Liberty
to inform your honours I am bound immediately to Sea and
having not yet received anv Consideration for mv Services
humbly Solicits your honours interposition for an immediate
Settlement in order to make a future provision for my
Family in my absence & your Petitioner as in duty bound
will ever pray —

James Brown

I hereby Certify that y® above Partitioner was in the
Imploy Afores'^ & hath as yet Receiv'^ no pay

Josh^ Davis Ag' Trans""""*



OF THK STATE OF -AfAIXE 49

A Committee of Conference.

The Committee of both Houses appointed to Consider what
further application is necessary to be made to Congress rela-
tive to the Penobscot Expedition have attended the service
& Report that it will not be Expedient to make any further
application to Congress relative to this matter untill the
accounts of the Expenditures that were occasiond by said
Expedition are Compleate and it will be necessary that the
Board of War & the Committee on Muster Rolls be directed
to Compleat the same as far as they are able with all possible
Expedition & lodge them with the Secretary in order that
they may be transmitted to Congress & that the President
of the Council be Impowered & directed to write to Congress
Solliciting that the same may be paid

T Cushing p"" order
In Council Jan'' 4*" 1780

Read and accepted & thereupon order'd



Order of (Uniucil.

State of Mass"' Bay

In Council Jan^ 4' 1780

Ordered — That Samuel Adams, Timothy Danielson and

Noah Goodman Esq""^ be a Committee on the part of the

Board to confer with such Committee as the Hon'ble House

shall appoint upon the Subject flatter of the Propriety of

Ordering a Court .Martial to set upon the Tryal of CoP

Jonathan Mitchell & Lieut. CoP Paul Revere of the Artillery

who were employed upon the late Penobscot Expedition.

Sent down for Concurrence

John Averv D Secv



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

In the House of Representatives Jan'' 4, 1780

Read & concnrred & Coll. Hutchinson Coll Whitney &

Coll Brown are appointed on the part of the House for the

purpose abovomentioned

John Hancock Spk'"



Report of Committee.

That it is the Unanimous Opinion of the Conunittee of
Conference appointed to consider the propriety of ordering
a Court Martial to set upon the trial of Col° Jon'^ Mitchell,
and Lieu' Col° Paul Revere of the Artillery, who were em-
ployed upon the late Penobscot Expedition that there is no
sufficient Reason why a Court Martial should l)e Ordered for
that purpose and that a Committee of both houses of the
Gen' Assembly should be appointed to prepare a proper Re-
solve accordingly



Resolve of Genl Court.

State of Massachusetts Bay

In the House of Representatives Jan^ 5*^ 1780

On the Petition of Jon"" Mitchell Coll° of a Regiment
raised in the County of Cumberland for the Penobscot Ex-
pedition, praying that he May be Empowered to Receive the
foot of his Rolls for s'^ Regiment deducting the Guns &
Cartridge boxes Dl'^ s'^ Regiment

Resolved that the Prayer of his Petition be Granted, &

the Council are hereby Requested to Grant s*^ Mitchell a

warrant on y^ Treasurer for the foot of his Rolls deducting

the Guns & Cartridge Boxes Dl** S'^ Regiment —

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk''



OF 'I'llE S'lA'IIC OF MAINE



51



In Council Jan'^ 5' 1780

Head & (yoncurred
Consented to —
Jer. Powell
A. Ward
W Spooncr
Caleb dishing
S Adams
H Gardner



V> White
J Fisher
Prescott
T> Davis
J Simpson
Tho* Durfee



John Avery D Secy

N Goodman
A. Fuller
Jn" Pitts
Aaron Wood



Cap* Rich^ Trevct Naval Officer for the Port of York.

In the House of Representatives

Jan'' 5 1780

The House by ballot made choice of Capt Richard Trevet

as Naval Officer for the Port of York — for the present Year

Sent up for Concurrence



In Council January 5"" 1780

read & Concurred

John Avery
Consented to —

Jer Powell

A Ward

J Cushing

Caleb Cushing

W Spooner



John Hancock Spk''



D Secv



J Fisher
E White
D Davis
O Prescott

Aaron Wood



Tho" Durfee
T Danielson

Jn° Pitts
J Simpson

X Goodman



Order to stay proceedings in suit vs. Major Stilhnan.

State of Massachusetts Bay

Whereas it appears to this Court, that a Certain Vessel
commanded by James Littlefield was lately seized at or near
Machias by Major George Stilhnan in Consequence of



52



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY



Orders from Col° John Allan the Commanding officer there
on Suspicion of her being employed in an illicit Trade with
the Enemy ; & the said Vessel has since been libelled & Trial
remain to be had touching the Premisses, in the Maritime
Court in the Eastern Department — And whereas the said
Littlefield hath commenced a Suit in Law against the said
Stillman for Damages accruing from the Detention of his
Person & Vessel as aforesaid— Therefore Resolved that
the said Action or Suit against the said Stillman be stayed
til the Tryal aforesaid in the Maritime Court Shall be had
& determined, a Copy of the proceedings of the said Court be
laid before the General Assembly for further Consideration



Naval Officer for the Port of Falmouth.

In the House of Representatives

Jan'' b'"" 1780

The House by ballot made choice of M"" Thomas Child as

Naval Officer for the Port of Falmouth for the present Year

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk*"

In Council January 5"^ 1780
Read & Concurred

John Avery D Secy



Consented to —
Jer: Powell
A. Ward
W Spooner
Caleb Cushing
J Cushing



B White
Aaron Wood
Tho^ Durfee
D Davis
J Fisher



T Danielson
Jn° Pitts
J Simpson
N Goodman
Oliver Prescott



OK THE STATE OF MAINE 53

Resolve directing the Board of War.

State of Massachusetts Bay

In the House of Representatives Jan^ 5 1780

On the Petition of Daniel Wright, praying he may be
allowed & paid for a Certain Sloop, which was his property,
and was taken from him, by Cap' Johnson of the Arm'' Brig'
Pallas & Employed on the Expedition at Penobscot & was
afterwards destroyed with y*" rest of the Vessells on that
Expedition —

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be so far granted,

as that the Board of War be & they are hereby directed to

Settle with & allow s'^ Wright, what thev think Just & reason-

able for S** Sloop her appurtenances & Boat —

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk""
In Council Jan^ 5'^ 1780

Read & Concurred

John Avery D Secy
Consented to —

Jere Powell S Adams O Prescott

A. W^ard D Davis X Wood

W Spooner J Fisher Tho* Durfee



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