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unjust line (as no doubt it is) the Court objected against
making me a Compensation on that acco* as Hampshire
might then say, the Massachusetts thereby, virtually con-
sented to the line: This Idea of the affair obliged me to omit
saying in my Petition a word about that line and to Petition
the Court to receive back the said 4147 acres of Land, and
to grant me the like quantity in lieu of it ; and of course I
was obliged to lay out the Land granted me in Consequence
of said Petition, so as to keep clear of said line for had I
laid it adjoining thereto, Hampshire might have made the
same handle of that, it was suspected they would of the
other. —

As I dwell a great distance from Boston where the Court
is held, which renders it very difficult for me to travel so far,
and if I should, perhaps I must tarry long there before the
Court can attend upon the business, let me interest you to
afford your Friendship in getting this unhappy aft'air de-
termined which has been attended with much trouble, and
(I must take leave to say)* needless expence to.

Gentlemen your most obedient and very Humble Servant
Fryeburg August 13"" 1779 Joseph Frye

* I believe all owing to the once very worthy Maj"" H — ley.



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85

Order to Col" Allen

Council Chamber Jan'^ 2G, 1780
AVherea.s it aj)pears necessary for the immediate Defence
of Machias that Col" Allen should have a Supply of men for
that purpose Thcrel'orc In pursuance of the Power Vested
In v^ Council hv the General Assembly in last Session Orderd
That Col" Allen be and hereby is Impowered to Raise a Com-
pany Consisting of Fifty Able bodied Men k to appoint
proper officers over the Same, & to Enlist them for the Term
of Three Months, Unless sooner Discharged & he is further
Impowered as an Encouragement to y^ men to Enlist to
Engage that they shall be j)aid for their Service Agreable to
Such an Establishment as the General Court shall hereafter

determine upon

Attest John Averv D Secy

Order of Council.

To the Honorable Council of the Massachusetts State

State of Massachusetts Bay

Council Chamber Boston Jan^ 21 1780

Ordered That The Commissary General of This State be

and he hereby is Directed to deliver to Lieu' Col° Paul Revere

all the Back Rations that were due to him according to the

Establishment of this States Train of Artillery to the

Thirteenth of Jan^ current, and from That Time to deliver

him Rations according to the Resolve of the General Court

of That Date

xVttest John Averv D Secy

Application from the Coin"''^ to the Eastward.

To the Hon*"^ Council and House of Representatives, for the
state of the Massachusetts Bay —

A Petition of the Conmiittees of the Severall Towns and
Plantations of the Countey of Lincoln, within the Bounds



86 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

of Col° Wbeaton's Reg' Humbly Sbewetli — At a Meeting
of tbe several! committees of Towns, and Plantations, of tbe
Conntev of Lincoln, witbin tbe bounds of Col° Wbeatons
Eegement, and tbe Field Officers of said Reg^ at Warren
Dec"" 20"^ 1779. — Takeing into tbeir most serious consid-
eration, tbe scituation of tbe Countev of Lincoln, and in a
more particular maner, tliat part of said Countev, respective
of Col° Wbeatons Reg', wbicb being tbe Frontier not more
tben ten Miles from tbe Britisb Troops at Majorbigwaduce,
and allmost incercled l)_y Inbabitants, wbo bave taken tbe
Oatb of Allegiance to tbe King of Great Britain, and wbo
are dayly destroying our Currenccy, by purcbasing commo-
dities from among us witb Silver and Gold, and conveying
tbe same to tbe Enemy at Bigwaduce — And Your Petition-
ers would represent to your Honours tbat was it not for
John Long, and otber disafected persons, supplying our
Common Enemy at Majorbigwaduce, Wbicb is out of our
Power to prevent, for want of sufficient Guards and Your
Petitioners baving repeatedly taken up a Xumber of such
persons, and sent to the Westward, who have to the great
supprise and Concerne of us all, been acquitted and sent
back, without Punishment, and are now at the Enemys Fort
in amies against the States — Had our guards been Sufficient
to pat a stop to such proceedings, they would have been
nesesated to Evacuated our coast before this day — Your
Petitioners need not represent to A^our Honours the scitua-
tion which we were left in affter the defeat at Maj^'bigwaduce,
our coast allmost left naked as to Guards, and when for a
few months guarded just suifecient to provoke our common
Enemy, tben left to be guarded by tbe Inhabitants of the
Fronteer Towns, which we begg leave to inform A^our
Flonours cannot be done any longer by reason of the poverty
of these parts — Greatest part of tbe Inhabitants of the
£everall Towns and Plantations, which your petitioners are



OF THK STATE OF MAINE 87

praying for have l)cen in tlie service the season past, to the
neglect of their hiseness, so nmcli as to render tlie circum-
stances of their Faniilys depioriahle, as many of tliciii de-
pended on tlie sail of" flicir Lumber for the support of their
Familes, And the coasting V'cssells which carried said Lum-
ber to market was distroyed at Penobscutt so that the Wood,
Staves &c are laying on hand, and Our Soilders the
Owners of Tiansports &c receveing no pay renders them in-
capeable of Procureing Support that is comfortable for their
Familys.

The soilders being supplyed with most of their provision
out of this part of the Countey, has also helpt much to im-
poverish the Inhabitants, many of which have lent Quantites
of Grain to support the Troops at Cambden, which they de-
pended upon for their Familys Subsistance, which has not
been replaced, — Therefore your petitioners begg in behalf
of the Above distrest Inhabitants that you would Grant them
Your emediate Assistance, in men raised to the westward of
this County, and provision to supply them, from the same
parts. Or their case must be similar to our Bretheru of
Penobscutt who have foresaken their whole intrerest and are
now Suffering among us (a People that is not able to afford
them any assistance) with Large Families of pleasing Chil-
dren destitute of money or Freinds, that arc able to help them
— Your Petitioners therefore pray that the Above releaf
may be granted as soon as possible, Our Only protection at
this time is owing to the Enemys weakness, but there is the
greatest Reason to beleave they will pay us a Vissett early in
the Spring We cannot think without the greatest Coneerne
of being cast into the same deploriable scituation of the Above
Unhappy People, or take up witli the Government of the
British Troops A case which we are not able to represent by
writing Therefore we begg leave to recommend to Your
Honours the Bearer Waterman Thomas Esq'' for a further



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Representation of the distres scituation we are now in, and

llie distruction that Threatens us by the Spring We are

sorry to trouble Your Honours with so long and tedious a

Petition — but our Duty to the Inhabitants, and the trust

reposed in us at this Unhappy Season Obliges us to do it.

Therefore we begg of vour Honours that our Pravers may

be heard, and Granted, And your Petitioners as in Duty

bound shall ever pray &c

By Order of the Committees

Abijah Waterman Clark

In Council Jan^ 28*'' 1780

Read & Committed to Jer"" Powell J Simpson and Tho^

Durfee Escf to consider this Representation and report what

may be proper to be done thereon

John Avery D Secv



Brigadier Cushings Letter.

Pownalborough Feb'' 7*'' 1780
Sir.

The Prisoners that you have sent here, are now desirous

of taking the Oath of Allegiance to the State & have applied
to Judge Bowman for that purpose but he has declined for
the present for reasons mentioned in his Letter — I appre-
hend upon the whole it would be best to Admit them to take
the Oath — If you would take the Trouble to come over your
self or write to the Judge to Administer the Oath, one of
the prisoners viz' Thomas McGuire who is now with me &
at whose request I write promises that he will Pay you & I
rather think it would be most desirable for you to Come as
it may have a tendency to promote Peace & harmony —

I am Sir your most H""® Serv*

Cha^ Cushing
William M'^Cobb Esq"^



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 89

Judge Bowman's Letter.

Sir, Pownalborough Feb^' 7'' 1780

Several of your neigliboiirs whom you Sent to Goal for
refusing to take the Oath of Allegiance, have applied to me
to administer the Oath to thcni — They say that they were
unacquainted with the Law, and wanted Time to Consider
(.f it, and tliat after you tender'd the Oath to them, you told
them you would give them hut five minutes to consider of it
k to take the Oath. There is a Law that allows them two
hours to take the Oath in, after having been tendered to
them — perhaps you have not got that Law — Now, Sir, If
you had not that Law by you, and you allowed them only
five minutes, as they say, I think there can be no Impropriety
in admitting them to take the Oath now — And perhaps it
will not prove in any Degree prejudicial to the State to admit
them to do it — T[ However the Matter rests intirely with
you, as you are the most proper & sole judge in this Matter.
I declined administring the Oath to them unless you would
direct to it — And therefore if upon the whole you did not
allow them the Time the Law allows them to take the Oath,
and would have them admitted to take it ; upon your signify-
ing the same to me, I will do it, and discharge them from
their Confinement; otherwise I shall not interfere —

I am, Sir, Your hble Serv'
Please to send an Answer Jon" Bowman

Wm McCobb Esq.

Representation of Council to the U. S. Congress relative to
losses by Penohscut Expedition.

State of Massachusetts Bay
Council Chamber Feby 9 1780

The Report of the Committee appointed to Enquire into
the Causes of the Failure of the unfortunate Expedition to



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Penobscot as also Copys of the Resolutions of the General
Assembly and of the Orders of the Council of this State
relative to the same, have been transmitted to Congress some
time since. This Expedition was undertaken upon a firm
Persuasion that the Expence attending the Same would be
paid by the Congress. This Persuasion was grounded not
only upon a Pesolution of Congress that whenever any of
the United States were Invaded by the Enemy and the
authority of the State so Invaded were obliged to raise any
Forces to repell them that in such case The Forces so Em-
ployed and the Expence thence accruing should be payed by
the Continent, but also upon the Articles of the Confedera-
tion which make a similar Provision in like Cases, This
is more especially Just and Reasonable with respect to this
Expedition as the Enemy had taken Post at such a part of the
Continent as rendered their removal of vast Importance to
the United States as well as to our allies, for by this man-
ouvere they had got possession of the Mast Ground and were
so situated as to Interrupt, if not totally destroy, the Fishery
upon our Eastern Shores, Two very important objects, the
Preservation of which most certainly claim the utmost
attention of the whole Continent, As the Enemy at New
York and at Rhode Island were so in force, at the time when
this Expedition was undertaken, as to render it unsafe in the
apprehension of the Court for either General Washington
or General Gates to spare any of their Troops for this
Service, they were not applied to previous to this under-
taking, but if it had been thought expedient, There was not
time for it, as the Success of this Attempt required the utmost
dispatch, least the Enemy should be reinforced before our
Forces arrived at Penopscot, in which case it would have been
extremely hazardous, if not impossible to dislodge them,
The Court therefore determined immediately & without the
least delay to Enter upon this Expedition, which was Con-



OF TIIK S'lATK OK .\IAI.\K 1)1

sidered as a measure necessary for general Defence and
therefore were Confident that any Expense that might attend
this Enlciprise would he hoi-n hy the Continent in general —
We Presume therefore upon these Matters being fully repre-
sented to Congress, that they will think it just & reasonable
that the Continent should bear the Expence that has accrued
& will give the necessary orders for the Payment thereof, we
accordingly instruct you to make a full representation of
this affair to Congress A: apply to them for the same, The
accounts are preparing & will he T'oinpleated as soon as
possible We now Inclose you a C-opy of Col° Campbells
Description of the Mxtent, Situation. & State of the Country
eastward of I'enopscot, as also of the strength and situation
of the ih-itish Fort at Majabagaduce, which will plainly
show that it is of vast Importance to the whole Continent as
well as to our Allies, that we should have Possession of that
Country, especially when it is Considered that our Enemies,
it is highly Probable, will attempt to take all possible advan-
tage at the Ensuing Treaty of Peace, from their having
taken Post in Penobscot River, we would have you therefore
submit to the Consideration of Congress, whether it will not
be highly Expedient, if not absolutely necessary, for them
to take some effectual measures, as soon as possible, for the
removal of the Enemy from the Post they now possess. It
certainly is a very interesting object & claims the immediate
attention of Congress. We are persuaded that no Exertions
of yours will be wanting upon this occassion

In the name & Behalf of the Cen' Assembly

J Powell Pres'

Agent Chosen hy rownalhoro.

Article in the Warrant 11 Day Feby 1780

To Chuse an Agent to Atieiid the CJeneral Court at their
next Session in behalf of said Town In Order for a Kevisall



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

of the Last Valuation, and to Solicit an Abatment of the
Taxes set on said Town

A True Coppy Att David Silvester Town Cler.
At the annual meeting of the Freeholders and other In-
habitant of the Town of Pownalboro Duly Warned & Legally
Assembled in the Meeting-house in the East Parish on
Wednesday the 1^' Day March A D 1780 Voted that Mr.
Abiel Wood be the agent to attend the General Court Agre-
able to the above 7 article in the Warrant

A True Coppy Att David Silvester Town Clerk



Order of Council to the Brigadier of the County of York.

State of Massachusetts Bay

Council Chamber Feb'' 14, 1780
Ordered that the Brigadeer of the County of York be &
he hereby is directed to Detach from ^ his Brigade Fifty
men Including three Commission oilcers four Sergeants four
Corporals one Drumer & filer, & see that they are armed and
accoutred agreeable to the Militia Law of this State and
furnished at their own Expence wath a Sufficient Blanket
to each man with ten ^ days Provision, and order them to
march to Camden in the County Lincoln in such manner
as that they may arive there by the fifteenth day of March
next, there to follow such orders and Instructions as shall be
given them by Brigadeer Wadsworth Esq"" who is appointed
to take the command of such men as shall be raised & sent to
Camden for the defence of the County of Lincoln. Said
men to continue in Service the term of three months from
the time they shall arrive at Camden s*^ place of Randezvous
unless sooner discharged, & to be upon such Establishment
as the General Court shall hereafter order: A similar one
to Brigadeer Coushing only with this difference viz At A



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93

Insert from the Interior parts of, & at I> with five days Pro-
vision instead of ten.

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy



The Petition of Major Wlieaton for recruits.

To the Hon""' the Council and House of Representatives of
the State of Massachusetts Bay, in General Court assembled.

February 1780.

The Petition of Major Wheaton of Thomaston Esq ;
Colonel and Commander of the fourth Kegiment of ]\rilitia
in the County of Lincoln, Humbly Sheweth,

That the Enemies of the United States of America now
cngarisoned at Majorbagaduce appear very formidable.

That there is full Intimation of their Intentions to make
further Inroads into this County at the opening of the
Spring, (or perhaps fix the British Standard at Casco Bay)
this their Menaces daily evince.

That this Bcgiment lies foremost, exposed to their Insult
and Cruelty, and without sufficient Strength to withstand
their Force.

That, to the Inhabitants, there appears no Prospect of
Support or Protection against them ; w hich puts many of
the well disposed upon thinking of the best Methods for
securing themselves ; and gives the unfriendly Party great
Spirits and Hope.

That to call the Inhabitants into the Field to oppose the
Enemy at tlie opening of the Spring when they should be
putting their Seed into tlie Cround, would break up the
Settlcinont at once: Add to this Tlmt the Inhabitants fur-
nished so iiiiu'h Provision to the Army last Campaign that
there is not a SutHciency now in tlic Place to bring the
Season about.



94 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY

Wherefore it absolutely follows that we must have a
Supply of Men and Provisions sent here or the Country will
fall an Easy Prey to the Enemy at their Will ; and the only
iMeans of Security for the Inhabitants is by Flight, which
makes them very uneasy till they know whether they may
depend upon Support & Protection, or not ; if not, that they
may secure themselves while there is Opportunity of saving
some of their Effects and not be obliged (at the Extremity)
to leave all (as some of the Inhabitants of Penobscot did last
year) for the Sake of saving their Persons : Therefore this
requires an immediate Determination

And your Petitioner is humbly of Opinion that a Thou-
sand ]\Ien well equip'd, with a sufficient Store of Ammuni-
tion, and Provisions, are by no means more than are abso-
lutely necessary should be sent into this Country for protect-
ing the Inhabitants against the Enemy.

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly prays. That one Thou-
sand Men well equip'd, under proper Command, with suffi-
cient Store of Ammunition, and Provisions may immediately
be sent down here, in order to oppose the Enemy in their
first Movements in the opening of the Spring; or that other
sufficient Protection may be afforded according to your
Honors in your know^n Wisdom and Goodness shall order
and direct, and your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever

pray &c

Major Wheaton



Major Wheaton to the General Court.

Thomaston February 14, 1780
Hon'd Sir,

I have preferred a Petition to the Hon''''' the Great and
General Court, and sent it by the Hand of Capt Nath' Fales,
praying that one Thousand Men — with sufficient Stores of



OF TIIK STATK OF MAINE 95

Ammunition &c may immediately be sent down here, to
oppose the Enemy in their first Movements in the opening
of the Sprinc; for tlie Reasons therein given. •[ I would beg
leave further to inform their Honors, that sundrv Persons
lately from Boston report "that the General Court will not
attend to the affairs of the Eastern Country, will not afford
them any men for their Protection at this Time of extream
Necessity" which Reports greatly discourage and dishearten
the People, and should those Keports prove true, they will
think themselves greatly ngreavcd, especially considering,
That they have been very ready to send their Men into Service
to protect and defend the other parts of the state where
ever attacked, ever ready to furnish their Quotas of ^Men
when called upon, many whereof actually continue in the
Service at this Time, who, were they at home, would afford
considerable Strength against the Enemy; therefore for the
people to think of leaving their Habitations, and Interest or
fall into the Hands of the Enemy and undergo a cruel Cap-
tivity for want of Support is so hard, so Cruel they cannot
entertain the Thought! — the lion"'*' Court will not suffer it!
I have the Honour to be Hon"* Sir your most humble
Servant

Major Wheaton

r

Drposifio)) of fliniai)! Ihtnilimn.

T. Girdain l!urnliani of Ilnrlfonl in llic State of Connec-
ticut of lawful age Testify \- Say that 1 was taken by Capt
l^unistcad in an Arnietl Schooner belonging to the Kneniy \'
carried into Penobscot alwut thirteen Weeks ago, being in a
topsail St'hooner a ]>rize to the Schooner Decoy Commanded
by John Fox belonging to Xew London in the State afore-
said — a few davs after his arrival at Penobscot CoP Jones



96 DOCUMEXTARY HISTORY

(of Frenchmans Bay) came there & abused your Deponant
xery much threatning that Burning was too good for him,
about four days afterwards CoP Shaw came in from Goulds-
boro' and used your Deponant very well — saying he was
taken out of his Bed at Gouldsboro' and carried from thence
to Penobscot there Sworn to be true to the King of Great
Britain or loose his Estate, a few days afterwards Maj''
Currie came there from passamequody & inform'd y'' De-
ponant that He with one Capt Long was concerned about
five weeks before, in a Quantity of english Goods, they pur-
chas'd at S*^ Johns w*^*^ was stop'd there by the aforesaid
privateer Sch° Decoy, while she lay at Head Harbor, the
Schooner w*^*^ was to have brought the Goods from S' Johns
to Passamaquody, on having intelligence from Col' Shaw, as
I was inform'd by Maj'' Currie, return'd back again empty.
Col' Shaw inform'd your Deponant that there was about one
hundred & fortv or fiftv men at Penobscot w'^'' he thought
might be easily taken at this Present time, — & Col" Shaw
appeared to be very friendly to the American Cause

Girdain Burnham
Boston Feb'^ 16"' 1780

Suffolk Ss. Girdain Burnham personally appeared & after

having been duely Cautioned Swore to the Truth of the above

Deposition before

Thomas Cushing Jus Pacis

Major Wheaton to the Speaker of the House.

To the Hon''"' the Speaker of the House

of Representatives at Boston

Thomaston Februarv 17, 1780
Hon'd Sir,

After I had closed a Petition to the Hon''''' the Great and

General Court setting forth something of the Circumstances



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 07

of the Eastern Coimtry and praying for Assistance ; and also
a Letter to the Hon"'" Speaker of the House of Representa-
tives upon the Subject.

I liavc this Day received a Letter from Capt Joseph
Bcath (who has been with the Enemy ever since the de-
feat at Majorhagaduce) dated at Owls Head the IS^"
Instant, wherein after having given an Account of his
having been carried to Halifax and to Windsor & having
got so far in his way home, is the following Paragraph
viz. "1 would inform you that Col*" Rodgers is sailing
two Battalions of Rangers, to Harrass the Country as I
suppose, he has sent one Capt. Monk & Capt Joet to Halifax
to recruit, Capt. ^laddox & Capt ^lowat is recruiting at
Halifax to little purpose, Capt Tongue and Capt Franklin is
recruiting at Windsor, but little Success" — ^ Also by
several Desarters, who passeel through here to Day, I under-
stand that several Transports had arrived near Majorhaga-
duce, with Provision, Clothing &'' for the Garrison there, and
also 300 Regulars they expected was on Board ^ The un-
friendly part of the Community here furnish the Enemy with
such ample Inteligence that it is impossible to keep any pro-
ceedure from their knowledge, or Vessels or other valuable
Effects from being greatly exposed to be taken by them.

Our Scituation here is most distressing and as the Spring
opens the Mischiefs will increase; We must be ever imder
arms, ever upon the Wing, flying from place to place to de-
fend our extended Sea-Coast cV protect the scattered In-
habitants from the wanton Cruelty of our relentless Enemies,
'till spent with Exercise, & worn out with long Fatigue, we
must leave our Habitations our Interest and this promising
Countrv to save our Persons bv Fliiiht. or fall a Sacrifice into
their Cruel Hands and suffer all the Horrors of a miserable
Captivity, unless immdiately assisted by the Hon*"*" Court



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY

with Men Provisions and Stores agreeable to my Petition or
otherwise aiforded suitable aid.

Numbers of Petitions have been sent from this County,
and this place to the Hon''^® Court praying for Relief and for
assistance ; and no full answers has been returned to them.
% Therefore I have thought it necessary to send Capt Nath'
Fales express with this Inteligence; the Petition and other
Papers, that the Hon"'" Council may have the earliest Notice,



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