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and the General Court be informed of the true State of this
Country in order to their affording seasonable Relief. Tf I
would also recommend the Bearer Capt: Fales to the Con-
sideration of the Hon"'^ Council as a Person faithful and
diligent & forward in the Cause of his Country, and proper
to be employ'd by their Honors in some place of Trust, where
his Deafness may not be an impediment. T[ I must intreat
an immediate and direct Answer to this, whether we may
depend upon seasonable and sufficient assistance or not?
I have the Honor to be Hon'' Sir,
Your Honors most obedient most humble Servant

Major Wheaton
In Council March 9*'^ 1780

Read & Sent Down with a Petition of Col° Mason Wheaton

accompanying the same t The Hon"''' the President of the

Hon"'" Council of the state of Massachusetts Bay —

John Avery D Sec'y



Peter Noyes to the Council.

Falmouth February 17'" 1780
Sir.

a few days ago a Carteel from Halifax with fifty or sixty

Prisoners as I am Informed bound to Boston ran ashore at

Cape Elizabeth & Bilged the owner and master was one Mr



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99

Prescot, who w.is hired by tlie Government their and one
Valens an under officer of a man of war was put on bord as
commander. Prescot & Valens it seems did not agree
Prescot thought the Vessel might have been got off Valens
(lid not Care what became of her at first the Prisoners all
went off ]\l'" Prescott got men to save what he could & Valens
Avcnt to the Committee of Safety &" of this Town and agreed
with them to sell the Vessel & all that belonged to Her at
Vanduc which was done in about forty eight hours after
about two Hours notice the whole was sold to a number of
the Committee & Gentlemen of this Town for about 1700
Dollars not a tenth part of the Value as I am Informed,
they have burnt the Vessel & taken the Iron Cables sails
Jliggen & anchors and all they could find into their own
Custody. M"" Prescot thought Valens had no right to sell
the Vessel &" in that manner: has applied to me as Coll of
the Militia & Commander of the sea Coast men to Interpose
& secure what was saved for the right owner I w^ent this Day
And desired of the Persons who Purchased an Inventory of
the whole that J might send the Account of wdiat was
saved together with the men belonging to the Carteel to the
Council that they might take such measures in this affair
as are proper for the Honour of Government & Justice to
the Persons concerned, but they abslutely refused to give an
acco't of the articles saved altho I assured them I w^ould not
molest them in the Possession of the articles & should only
send the acco' to the Council that we might have their opinion
whether the Sale was lawful and receive such Directions as
should be for the Honour of Government in such Cases &
Clear the Town from any Blame as the People in General
seem to disapprove of the Conduct of the Purchasers as well
as the Sudden manner in which the things were sold for any
further Particulars I refer you to Doctor Joseph Bradford



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

who was a passenger on Bord the Carteel & to whose care I

have conmitted ]\fr Valens & men that belonged to her

I am, Sir your Honours most obedient Humble Servant

Peter 'Rojes
To the Honorable Jeremiah Powel Esq

at Boston

In Council March 16*, 1780

Read & Sent down

John Avery D Secy.

In the House of Representatives March 16, 1780

Read & thereupon Orderd that Coll Pope and Gen' Warren

wath such as the Hon'^'*' Board shall join be a Committee to

consider the same — & report what is proper to be done

thereon

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spkr
In Council March 16\ 1780

Read & Concurred and Edward Cutts Esq is joined —

John Avery D Secy



Col. Allan to Jeremiah Poivell Esq.

Machias — at M"" Parkers House February 20**^ 1780
Dear Sir

Being down here upon some business with my Black
Family, and INP Parker Just going Westward, I take the
Opportunity of Acknowledging the receipt of your favour
of the 24'*' Decem'' ; wdiich I only received three days ago.

My time & perplex'd thoughts will hardly permit me to
Communicate what I coud wish & what seems necessary.

You may reasonably form a Judgment of my situation, I
make no Complaint at the End of my difficultys, willing to
Exert every I^erve for the Interest & happiness of my Coun-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101

try. Had I been a Private Soldier, only my Duty in that
Capacity to perform, I tliink T shoud feel an Infinate odds
then in my present situation

I mean not to thro any Contempt upon Authority, nor Do
I mean Reflection, as I am Conscious, Gratitude & Duty
Command me to treat the Rulers of a Country where I have
been treated with such friendship and distinguished by
such Honorable Employments, with the utmost Complisence

But D"" Sir I have the feelings of another man — I feel if
put into Authority to do a secret and Important peice of
business, and at the same time forsaken, uncapable to accom-
]dish the Intention of my Employers for want of necessarys
for the purpose — By this I am Led into Every Difficulty &
Distress — Accumalating Charges, & Staining my Own
lieputation.

Woud the Government point out what I am to Do, I
shou'd be able then to act suitable but this I am Deprivd of
I have Called in a Body of Indians, I thot it my Duty, I
naturaly supposed it woud be Agreeable to Government as it
appear'd the only means to prevent the Country from falling
into the Hands of the Enemv, which undoubtedlv woud be
the Case if I had not taken this methode —

However they are now here Invited By me in behalf of
the United States Left their all to Comply with our de-
mands Judge then my situation By the provision I have
had here Judge wether in this Situation I am Capable to
Act as a Command*^ Officer, or a Superintendent of Indians —
In Order to keep up the department, I have been Compelled
to Act in Character Incompatible with that of any Office,
which must tend to thro a Slui-r and Dishonor on the Ameri-
can Service, I am willing to Demean myself to anything as
a man & Subject, but it is necessary from a Veriety of prin-
ciples that the business of a Commission officer Be Con-



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY

ducted in another way then what I have followd this Winter.

I have been a Pedlar & Hawker, Going myself from place
to place to Collect Vegetables in Exchange for Butter, The
People in Generell taking the advantage of my situation make
Exorbitant demands — Oblidge to Court the few men in
Service to take Butter, by which instead of having, as I Ex-
pected a Quantity of Butter which might be of great use to
the States, I shall but Barely have enough of that Commodity
to Carry me thro' — Every Necessary that I want done, I
must pay it in provisions — all this for want of Supplys
being Regularly Laid in & men to perform business — The
Expence By this IS^eglect becomes Enormous, and the
methodes I am oblidged to take to Barter, Borow & Exchange
may probable Stain my Reputation as the Govern* may not
fully Conceive of my Situation.

Add to this Relying upon the Propriety of my Conduct,
which I trust woud be approved by Government, I had the
presumption to make promises to the Indians, which not
being Able to Perform very much Lessens my Reputation
among the Indians. Good God ! w^hat Reproaches & Insults
Am I oblidged to Indure from these beings, & N'ecessitated to
put up with the whole to keep them— These Sir are not
Exaggerations but plain Truth, I want no other ISTotice to
Be taken of it, but to Be Enabled to discharge my Duty,
The Continent is Welcome to my Weak & Imperfect Services,
all I Crave is to Be Enabled to Support the Honour & Dig-
nity of their own Champion.

I am allso threatend from Every Quarter, to Be Attacked,
Rogers went thro to Canada about Christmas. After the
Eirst of March we must be ready to Receive our Enemys at
our Back or Our Situation must be dismal I Rely & Trust
on the Humanity of the Govern' that I may be timely warned
or Ordered off — that I may not fall a Victim to this Cruel



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103

Enemy — But what Gives me the Greatest Trouble is the
Conduct of the most of the Trading & Leading men of the
Country. Lett what appology or Excuse be made it is Cer-
tain that a scene of Villiny is pursuing in Respect of opening
a Trade with the Enemy, Every methode is taken to toucli
the minds of the Commonality By fear and other ways to
Bring to Condescention It will be tedious at this time to
mention the Various & Curious modes taken shall only Relate
Respecting an Excursion I lately made Westward.

I had Receiv'd Different Accounts of their Managmt for
some time, which I did not put much dependence, Supposing
it was only malicious people — till I Rec** authentic Intelli-
gence that Something Circular was Gone abroad, for a Con-
vention of all the Committees Eastward of Penobscut, and
that the principle View of the promoters was to Turn their
Lumber Trade into the Britains, as a matter of Necessity for
fear the Britains woud Destroy the Country — at the Same
time Advice Came that one Capt Marat of a British Trans-
port (Kinsman of Henry Marat) and Capt Cogshell had
been at Crabtrees, Colo Jones & Major Shaw, had passed thro
the Country unmolested openly & Returned

I thought that by these Libertys the American Interest was
in the utmost Danger this way and that something Vigor-
ously Executed must take place to stop their Career In
Consequence I Sett of immediately with a Party of Indians.
The Second Evening Reached Frenchman's Bay, being some-
what Suspicious. I suddenly Enterd Colo Jones House with
the Indians at the different Doors where I found — Colo Jones
Capt Benj'" Mulliken Johnson Carpenter of the Xautillis —
Crabtree — Hazelam — Capt Smith of Uniuiou River &
Hodgkins.

I detained the whole of them for the Xight, tic you may be a
little surprised that I did not send them all to Alachias But



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

for fear of frustrating my plans first Intended, I thot Best
to Dismiss all but Milliken & Johnson whom I sent next day
to ]\rachias — I then Intended to have Gone as far as Majar-
basud'' if no other Service was Deturmined to Convince them
we wou'd watch their motions & Discourage their Going
Coming thro the Country so on my Eeturn Converse with
the Severel Committees But rec** Information that there
was supplys at Oak Point for Baguaduce it so raised the
spirit of the Indians that we had to Go there. Finding Ruin
prevented my Going further, Coggins who had Charge of this
Appear'd not so Bad as I first heard, But the Indians woud
not he Contented, & to prevent worse matters I gave my as-
sent to their taking some Articles, which I had a particular
ace' taken of & left a mem° with the man —

In my Return I had much Conversation with Severel of
the Inhabitants, and finaly made a Declaration, that any
Property Contracted for. By the Britains what I coud not
Remove woud burn however this may appear Arbitrary I
found myself necessitated to Stop the Connection & Be
Severe — Upon the whole I think I found out Whig &
Tor^^, and am well Convinced that the whole Difficultys Aris-
ing from the Enecuragment Given the Enemy Originated not
Ten miles Eastward of Frenchmans Bay —

Xow for the Bussiness you Are to Lay Before the Court
— You will press to the Court the Necessity of a Speedy Aid
& Assistance for the protecting the Country Eastward of
Bagaduce a Plan is Certainly Laid for an Earley Campaigne,
& this Harbour will Undoubtedly Be Block'd up as soon as
the Ice Breakes up —

This post must be Supported By White Troops & the
Indians moved to Passamaquady The River S' Croix is in
the Center of their hunting Ground & Commands all the
Villages It is Clear from Inhabitants — the Indians will



OF Till-: STATE OF MAINE 105

be more Contented Less Expence & better prepared for Ac-
tion — for By Bein^- among Inbal)itants they Become
Troublesome — Squander their property Corrupted by the
Bad Impressions made By Designing men — Getes Indolant
& Careless their familys, will be more secure when Called to
War — This has been the former Custom & By Experience
find to 15e the Best ^^fethode

Troops must be posted at Frenchmans Bay. Large Sup-
plys for the whole must be Laid in with all Expedition.

You will Acquant the Court, that in Order to Encourage
the people I am now forming a Comp^ of Rangers, upon
the footing Order'd By Court Last Summer with this odds

— Twenty men to Be Baised at Frenchmans Bay — Twenty
west of N4 — Twenty Pleasant Kiver to X4 — Captain Dyer
to Command — First Lieut, at Frenchmans Bay — 2"^ do at
Pleasant River — To Be Ready to jMarch at a minutes warn-
ing from Home — to Be Ready to Oppose or Sieze any Con-
nected with the Britons — This I prossume will have as
good an Effect as any methode In our present Circumstances

— to List till first of May —

Lett there Be But one Commander for the whole — for
more must Create Jealousys feuds k Broils perticularly in
this part —

Something Parmant k Severe must take place to Prevent
Connections with the Enemy — particular those who pre-
tends [letter broken off, remainder not here]



Certificate of EJiphilet Downer.

This may Certify all whom it may concern That Mr:
William Morgan one of the hands belonging to the Ship
Warren having received a Wound in his Right Arm in an



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Attack made upon one of the Enemies Batteries at Bagaduce
was brought on shore from his Ship on the second or third
of August last and put into the Hospital under my care
where he remained till we were obliged to retreat. That
his wound was so bad in said arm that he will be a cripple all
his Days Witness my hand this 21 : of February 1780

Eliphilet Downer Surgeon



Col. Allan to the General Court.

Machias Feb^ 25'^ 1780
Sir,

A Copy of the Inclosed was sent in a small Schooner some
Time ago, which was taken, the letter was Distroy'd, —

From the Contents of that Letter, the Hon'ble Court may
preceive what must be the Situation of this Department at
this Time, I shall say no further then that we are Intirely
Distitute of Every Assential matter to Defend this Post, or
Secure the Interest of the Indians,

Kind Providance has supported us thus far. Contrary to
my Expectations & I hope may still continue its Benign In-
fluence &; Defend us from Impending Distruction —

Every matter both foreign Threats, & Proceedings with
Internal Combinations, seems to Conspire to Oversett the
Amarican Interest Eastward of Penobscott. Every Imposi-
tion, Abuse & Insult, practized to Discourage the weak minds
of the friends of the Country. — Every step Taken to Slur the
Continental Service — the Indigency of the Department
Probagated by Internal Enemys & Every Sarcastic hint given
on our Poor way of living to render us contemptable among
our friends as well as Enemys

I presume that our Government in their Wisdom, Does
not View this Department of sufficient consequence to be



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107

Attended to at present, to the Xeglect of more Important
bussiness —

The Steps I often take to keep the Indians, Does in the
Isiie depend upon Constant Aid & Supplys Laid in, which
if Neglected Distroys that Reputation which I Ever had from
my Childhood with the Indians, But find myself daily
diminishing in that Character, which in the End is Detri-
mental to the Public Service.

I am Ever willing, & make it the greatest blessing this
World can afford in being Employ 'd in the Present Contest,
but from a fear of not Answering the End of Government
& Hurting my own Pe])Utation, I must plead the Indulgence
to be Removed or diminish'd from this Department, as soon
as the Public Service will any way Admit,
Eleven OClock A M

A few minutes ago, word Came in of a flag of Truce from
Magwabagaduce, having taking the Necessary Precaution, I
Just Received a Letter & Proclamation, a Copy of which I
have the Honor to Inclose — the Sudden Departure of the
Bearer will prevent a Copy of my Answer, & the Steps I
shall Take in Consequence of this peice of Conduct

The Original Cause of my taking the Men mentioned in
the said letters will be Communicated by Colo Campbell,
whom I wrote thereupon, In my next I shall Communicate
the whole to the Hon'ble Board — at present must Conclude,
begging help & Assistance

I am with all possible respect & Esteem Sir

Your most Obd' very hble Ser'

J Allan
In Council March 23'> 1780

Read & Committed to the Committee appointed on the

Letters from Col" John Allan at Machias with the Papers

Accompanying the Same

Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Avery D Secy



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

In the House of Representatives Mar. 23 1780

Read & Concurred

John Hancock Spkr
The Hon'Lle Jeremiah Powell Esq""



Petition of Joseph Barnard.

To the Honorable Council & the Honorable House of Repre-
sentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay

The Petition of Joseph Bernard of Falmouth in y^ County
of Cumberland — humbly shews

That sometime in October last when the Committee of
Falmouth agreeably to a Resolve of the Hon^^*^ Court stopped
a number of Cattle which one Greele was driving through the
Town from the Eastward, they employed your Petitioner to
go Express to Boston with a Letter to the Hon"^ Council re-
questing their directions respecting them.

That the Cattle aforesaid have been since released by a
Resdue of this Court in which no Provision was made for
payment of y^ Expence attending the seizure of them — And
the Committee therefore refuse to pay your Petitioner for
his Service alleging that they are intituled to no pay for their
own trouble. Wherefore your Petitioner prays that your
Honour wou'd order payment to be made him out of the
Public Treasury for his said Service — or otherwise relieve
your Petitioner as in your Wisdom you shall think proper
& as in duty bound will ever pray —

]^, B. Your petitioner humbly thinks that the Expense

to himself & Store — together with his owm time & Horse

Hire is worth at least Two Hundred Pounds — which he

submits to your Honours just determination —

Falmouth Feb^ 28, 1780

Joseph Barnard



OK TIIK STATE OF MAINK 100

Petitions from the Eastern parts of the States.

The pretentions slioiild be defensive; the Intention Ort'ensive,
Let 500 Men with 50 good new & lii^lit whale Boats be

got down to Georges River with the utmost dispatch,

Let the Law Martial be establish'd in the County of Lincoln

within Certain Liniitts on the Sea Coast & about 10 Miles

back.

Let 400 Men be sent to i^'ahnouth as soon as may be, with
whale Boats also & 1 Company of Train. Then as soon as
may be, let the Expedition be formed for the reduction of
the Enemys Port: by raising 1100 Men, (making in all
2000) with 2 Months provision, Ammunition, Cannon,
Mortars, J^oats &c with shipping rather more than a ]\fatch
for what the Enemy may then have.

The Troops should be sent down as fast as they are raised,
to make preperation for the siege to avoid the Enemys
Observation, to cut a road through from Penobscot to Kenne-
beck as well as from Camden, that there may be a Communi-
cation by Land in Case of Accident.

In the mean time the 500 Men with the 50 Boats
Should draw the Line between the Enemy & Adjacent In-
habitants, cut oif their Communication &: prevent all Supplies
&f &'^ on both sides.

When all is ready The Shiping with the heavy Cannon
Stores (Sec with the Troops from Falmouth should join in the
Mouth of Penobscott River (if needs be, the adjacent Militia
of Cumberland might keep possession of the Work at Fal-
mouth, or be in the Greatest Readiness) to Execute the Plan
propos'd — In the meantime there should be two or three
small Cruisers on that Coast to protect the Coasters & prevent
their small privatiers. — If nothing more than Defensive can
be undertaken, 750 Men with 75 Wh;ile Boats is the least



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

number that will answer in the County of Lincoln to do the
work Effectually, with the Publication of the Martial Law.

Also a force kept up at Falmouth
Brig*" Wadsworth's — Opinion —



Royalsboro ugh Petition.

State of the Massachusetts Bay

To the Hon*"" the Council & House of Representatives in
Gen' Court Assembled

The Petition of Us the Subscribers Inhabitants of a New
settlement on Anderscogen River in the County of Cumber-
land call'^ Royalsborough ]\Iost Humbly Sheweth —

That your Petitioners having But within a few years Be-
gan to Make Improvements in this Part of the Wilderness
about Thirty Mile from falmouth haveing Little or no ad-
vantage of Gitting any Lumber to Purchas the Nessesareys
of Life, by Reason of the Great Distance to Transport it, &
K^ot Being as yet able to keep oxen Even to Plow our Land
to Raise the Nessesareys of Life, Much more to Transport
Lumber, and Even was it so that we Could Get Ever so much
Down in the Winter Season, which is the onlv time we Can
Transport it, by Reason of the Badness of the Roads, It
is in So Little Demand at this time it will very hardly Pay
the Hawling it to Market — so that we have Nothing to Sup-
port ourselves & famaleys. But only What we Can Raise out
of Uncultivated Land in the Wilderness — and not the one
half of us are able or Can Probably Raise Enough of the
Nessesareys of Life to Suport our famaleys — And haveing
Been at Great Charge in Raiseing Men for the Penobscut
Campayn — and having Rec*^ a Large Tax Warrant from
the State Treasurer Dated 1779 To Raise

£1341 : 13 : 4"^ Which is assesed upon our Poles & Estates, and



OF THE STATE OF MAINE



111



the Coiinstable already haveing taken a Number of Cows,
Young Cattle, and Sheep by Distress from the People to Dis-
charge the s** Tax and Many More Must be Distressed Dayly
Which Renders our Case almost Deplorable, having Nothing
to Raise ]\roney With, but our Cows & Small Stock of
Creatuers which is our Whole Dependance for the Suport of
Life. And to our Great Suprise have Within a few Days
Rec** Another Tax Warrant from the State Treasurer to Raise
£1341 : 13 : 4** More, Which we Realy see no way to pay But
to Sell our Lands, our Sons or our Daughters to Discharge
and Pay the Same, & then Remove to the Towns from whence
we Last Come & leave ourselves Upon the Marcy of the
People there for the Suport of Life.

Therefore Most Humbly Prav that vour Hon" Would
Take our poor Distressed Case into your IMost Wise & Com-
patinate Consideration and Disscharge us from the Last Tax
of £1341:13:4 or as Much of it as you Shall Think Most
Just and Equitable and your Pititioners as in Duty Bound
Will Ever pray

]\foses Mariner

Charles Gerrish

Samuel Goodwin

Benja Vining

Ezekiel Jones

Samuel Smith



John Hoit
Vinsen Robarts
Samuel York
Stephen Randel
John Ferrow
John Cushing
Elias Davis
Stephen Wesson
March the 2°'* 1780



Israel Bavly
Jon* Armstrong
Joshua Strout
Joseph Davis
William Robins
Waif Gavin



Hugh Marwitz
John W^inslow



Com



tte



Petition of Soldiers relative to pnij.



To the Hon. General Court of the State of Massachusetts Bay

The Petition of the Subscribers Humblv Sheweth —

That vour Petitioners were soldiers in the late Unfortunate



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Expedition at Penobscot, under Capt. Gray, in Col. Mitchel's
Regiment of Militia ; that we expected to receive such a
pecuniary reward as the Hon Court should order therefor,
that we have not received any part of our wages ; that Capt.
Gray has oifered to pay us the same, excepting a Stoppage
of about Fifteen Shillings for each Man borne on his Rolls ;
which he says he has not received, and Col. Mitchel has kept
for his Trouble of Carrying up the Rolls & bringing down
the Money / The like Stoppage we have heard he has Made
on all the Rolls he carried up / We have nothing to say
against the Stoppages made by the Hon. Court for Arms &c
But as we never gave any person any orders to draw or re-
ceive our Money, neither were any ways consulted by Capt.
Gray or Col. Mitchel respecting the same — and could have
had our Money bro't home without any charge to us ; we
think the wdiole is due to us, and the stopping an^^ part there-
of, is conspicuously taking away our Money without our



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