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consent — and as we know no difference between a Right to
take the whole of our money without our consent — We have
and do Refuse to take the same. Hitherto the property of
a soldier has been deemed to be less in the power of an officer
than even his Life itself. But, if a Colonel may, thro' the
hands of his Captains, Stop a part of the wages of his
Regiment ; or if a Captain may Stop a part of the wages of
his Company, without the consent, or any warrant from
Authority Therefor / which part may be greatly increased,
according to the pleasure of officers — as we hear there is
great inequality in the Stoppages made in the several Com-
panies in this Regiment) we humbly conceive, that the wages
of private soldiers, promised, and stipulated, by the Legisla-
tive Power, will be a thing of great uncertainty — unless
the Hon. Court should think proper to State the Fees of
officers for their Trouble in making up Rolls, getting and
paying off the same. All which, we have heard, some in this



OF THE STATK OF MAINE 113

Reg^ have dcchicted from tlic Rolls. Such a Conduct we
think, reflects paleness on the face of Civil Liberty; and
hath indeed, a gloomy aspect toward thos who serve their
Country in the Fields of War. We frankly own, with de-
ference to the Hon. Court, that we must despise the service
of that Country where such a Conduct is tolerated — at least
only our Safety, and that of the Country can prompt us
thereunto Not the Hope of reward. And how long we can
be safe in such a Country your Honors will Judge. We do
not Trouble the Hon. Court solely on account of the pecuni-
ary sum and are very sorry that a Gentleman of Capt. Gray's
Integrity has driven us thereunto — But we will not be
plundered by officers of any Rank or Station, while we know
of any means that we can use to prevent the same. We
therefore Pray, that your Honors would appoint some suit-
able Person to draw our money according to the Rolls in the
Secretary's office, or otherwise Relieve us as you in your
Wisdom shall think fit. And as in Duty bound your Peti-
tioners shall ever Pray.

Ozias Blanchard Josiah Humphrey
James Crocker Thomas Silvester
Abner Dennison Daniel Worthley
North Yarmouth March 2'^ 1780



Petition of Andrew Patterson

To the Honourable the Counsal and house of Representatives
In the State of Massachusetts bay in General Court
assembled the petition of Captain Andrew patterson Humbley
Sheweth that your petitioner lived at penobscut River at
the time that our armey Retreated from magibagadouse, and
that with a large family of nine Children and his wife were
forsed to flee from the Enemv and was fourteen davs in the



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY

woods before he got to Kenebeck river, and left all his Cropp
behind and all his household furniture, and he has been
obliged to sell part of his Cloaths to suport his wife and
Children — and your petitioner is now Distitute of the neces-
saries of life both food and Rainmant, your petitioner prays
that your Honours would be pleased to take his Case into
your Consideration and grant such lielife as you in your
wisdom may see meet, and your petitioner as in duty bound

will Ever pray

Andrew Patterson

Kennebeck River above Fort Hallifax March ye 2 1780



Mason Wheaton to Charles Cushing.

Thomaston March 2 1780
Hon''

Sir:

there Was this Day 2 men brought before me Who were

accus'd with taking a Small Schooner By force of arms from

a wharf in Salem the two men that belonged to the Schooner

being unarmed were obliged to Com with them these men

that took the Schooner Said they were Bound to Major

Bagaduce, in their way to the Enemy they put in at Georges

Island Where one of the farmers maid his escape to this

Place and Informed us of his misfortune Six men from here

armed them Selves and pursued them and at Fox Island

found them and Retook the Schooner and Brought her in

here I thought proper to forward them to you fast as I could

inclosed I have Sent you the Resolve of Council Concerning

them which was taken with one of them I have also Sent

the Depositions of the J^ames that were forced away with

the Schooner tho they are not very Correct I had thought



OF THE STATK OF MAINE 115

at first to Commit tliem to goal But Concluded to Refer it

to you to Due with them as you think proper these from

your Hum'*' Serv'

Mason Wheaton

Charles Cushing Esq"" Brig. Gen Att Pownalborough



Letter from Coll Allan.

Machias March S" 1780
Sir,

My last was of the 25"" Ult° at the same time sent a Copy
of a letter of the G^'' Jan^ Accompanyed witli a letter from
Cap^ Mowat & an advertisement, a copy of which I now
send for fear of their being again taken —

In my last 1 promised to Acquaint the Hon' 'ble Board
how I fell in with the Two Persons & my reasons of going
Westward. —

By repeated Intelligence & Advice, I was fully satisfyed
that a Combination was on foot for opening a Trade with
the Britains, in this Eastern Countv & that a Quantity of
Masts Spares & other Lumber was Collecting for the purpose
— I did not apprehend any thing woud be Done till the
Spring Consequently keep'd easiey myself on the IMatter —
But Intelligence Came that one Cap^ Cogswell a noted Tory
and a Cap' ]\rowat of a British Transport had Come thro*"
the Country as far as Gouldsboro' without being molested or
hendred — the former person Threatening what wou'd be
done — at the Same Time Circular letters were Dispersed,
for a j\Ieeting of the Several Committees Excluding the East-
ward of Narroguagus, the Design appears to get the several
Districts to Submit to the Taking of their Lumber, as being
a matter of Necessity to prevent Worse Evils from the
Britains



IKJ DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Upon Viewing the matter Thoroly & the Steps Taken to
Influence the minds of the Weak & Credulous, I tho't it Ex-
pedient for the Public Utility to make an Excurtion West-
ward, Expecting on the way to get some Volunteers & proceed
as far as Bagaduce & to do what Damage I Cou'd to the
Enemy — Having no other Troops, I Took a party of Indians,
we were properly Equipt with Snow Shoes & they making a
hasty march arrived at Frenchmans Bay the 2*^ ]Sright, being
suspicious that some body might be at Col Jone's, I took the
Necessary precautions, suddenly entered the house where I
found Cap*^ Benj^ Millican late of Union Kiver a iSToted
Tory & one Johnson Carpentor of the ISTattulas, with them
were some persons that woud Undoubtedly Surprise the
Hon"ble Board — I sent the Prisoners to Machias — on our
way here I rec*^ Intelligence of a Trader with a Quantity of
Articles procured at the Westward intended for Bagaduce,
was froze up at oak point, I entended to have inquired into
it, But the Indians Geting the Scent woud go that way, I
was much afraid of the Consequence as I heard there was
Rum, but Determined they were on going as the least name
of a Tory with those with me was enough —

On my arrival there I found Rum & other Matters &
According to Custom, notwithstanding my utmost endeavours,
many of them got Drunk, this retarded me, &. rec^ Intelli-
gence that Express had got to Blue Hill Bay in the Morning
& Probable woud be at Bagwaduce very soon, for fear of dif-
ficultys by the Indians keeping drunk I suddenly prepared
for a Return, & sent the Indians on as I Coud get them off
before me.

Notwithstanding all the Care I possibly Coud Take, the
Indians Took Several matters tho' not of much value from
this man, which I found out & gave him a receipt for, with-
out Doubt he is most friendly to Britain, tho' it was not my
Desire to have him Hurted — I returnd to machias after



OK 'IIIF. S'lATK or .MAI.VK 117

having been away Ten Days Colo Jones Secreted himself or
I shoud have bro't him to Machias, the Indians are most
Inviterate against him k that .Justly by What they have heard
&; seen — I had much ado to prevent hi.s Interest from being
distroy'd, my proposing to take his person was the only thing
that prevented it.

During this Excursion I had Several Conferences with
persons in Different Districts k find to Demonstration, the
plan pursuing by a Number to Turn the Lumber Trade to
Britain, I found the Common people as friendly as ever, but
Depress'd being in General poor, depends upon Others for
help & I know not which way to Act, — it was easily to per-
ceive the impression this Excursion made on Friends as well
as Enemys, & the Resentment of the Latter for Stoping at
presant their business, people in General seem in a better
State now, & I Could wish it was in my power to Support it.

If there is not Assistance soon the Country must fall, as
soon as the Ice is gone the Ships will be out & without any
manner of Doubt will Act so rigidly & the Indigent state of
the People, as to force a Compliance, A Twenty Gun Ship
is Expected every day at Frenchmans Bay for ^Easts, the
Carpenter taken was there Inspecting them —

I need not mention the Indigent State of the Department
as I have troubled the Hon'ble Board a great Deal about it
already — but must Solicit a Speedy Dismission, There Can-
not be a Gentleman in the Hon'ble Court that woud leave a
person a Victim to the Vengeance of a Bloody Enemy, the
Honor Confer'd upon, binds me to Continue to the last, but
my Situation is such that I cannot be of service to my
Country, & Liable to Every Disgrace myself, for I have it
not in my power to oppose Forty men shoud they Attack us,
the Indians are obliged to Draw of, to their hunting for
present subsistence, nor have I Even it in my Power to fur-
nish them with Ammunition for that purpose, Keproches &



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Insults are repeated Daily for Breach of Promise, Oblige to
Submit to every Indignity & Court them more than Ever.

Notwithstanding the poor way we have been in, the Ex-
pence has been Enormous for want of regular supplys — the
Quantity of Butter Deposited here in the fall, was sufficient
for the whole Amarican Army a Year, & which I expected to
have been ordered to send westw*^ before now — has been
mostly Exchanged for Vigitables & other Xecessarys to the
greatest Disadvantage — a Quantity of the Peltry from the
Truck House has been disposed of for the purpose, nor Coud
I any way procure it otherways — all this Necessiated to
keep the Indians, who are our only Defence, about Twenty
five whites in the Service, has not had three Weeks Bread
Since December, nor have I had in my own Quarters the
Value of five Weeks in that Time, and seldom a Day passes
without Twenty or Thirty Indians in the House at Victuals.

I have this day about 5 Bushels Corn left, which was Bor-
rowed to give the Indians Tomorrow, after which I have
neither Bread, Meat or any other thing (Butter Excepted)
to give whites or Blacks —

But all these matters which are past, is not tho't of, nor
the hardships we may Indure, in this respect, our Situation
in respect of opposing our Enemys & Stoping their Progress
is the greatest Trouble, — I shall take the Liberty to Com-
municate without the least Exaggeration the Situation of
this Post.

At present Thirty three white persons in the whole; not
one Weeks Provisions, about 200"^ Powder for Cannon & Small
Arms, The Indians for want of Subsistance Drawing of in
the Woods, that in Ten days there will not be Fifteen Left —
The Inhabitantts Dishearten'd by the Strength & Threats of
the Enemy — great part of the Westward of Pleasant River,
particularly the leading people falling in with the Enemjs



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 119

Terms, and every step taken to discourage the Militia in
opposing — by which the Enemy Views this Post as a pe-
culiar object to Distroy, in order to Accomplish their Plan —

For this End Colo Rogers went up the Kiver S' Johns the
Last of December for Quebeck — where his brother had a
party of Rangers & a Number of Indians Mowhawks & Iro-
quois, and without doubt are on their March at this Time,
this Ace' I rec*^ from S' Johns, Halifax & by a Private
Ace' from Bagwaduce — some Ships are ordered to block up
the Harbour Early & a Number of Troops to Land large sup-
plys Laid in at S' Johns & Major Stut hn has sent a Mes-
sage for all the Indians to Assemble at lb Johns to hear some
great news for them & receive Presents, this is to draw them
away till they Can Accomplish their Design — and I am
afraid that most will Attend, as my Situation Cannot pre-
vent it, — I hope from this the Hon'ble Court will Look at
my Situation, & Relive me from those Difficultys I have
the Honor to Be with very great Respect Sir

Your most Ob' very hbS'

J Allan

By Virtue of the last Summers Resolves I have Isued out
orders to raise a Company of Rangers 20 to be Stationed at
Frenchmans Bay, 20 at iSTarrawguagus & 20 at Pleasent
River, till the first of May, it Takes much with the people
& I Trust will be of great Service in Stoping the Designs of
the Enemy.

I forgot to mention to the Hon'ble Board that there must
not be anything allowed for Services done in this Depart-
ment or things supply'd without a Certificate from me.
Allso no Rations whatever to be allowed ^Militia to the East-
ward of Frenchmans Bay, as I have furnished them a great
part & obligations given, by me for the Remainder

The Hon'ble Jer. Powell Esq""



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Joseph McLellan to the General Court.

Falmouth March S'^ 1780
To the Honourable the General Court of the State of Massa-
chusetts Bay

A Convention of a number of Committees in the County of
Cumberland beg leave to represent to the Honourable Court
their Situation & Circumstances.

By all accounts from Penobscott, by deserters universally,
& by other persons from thence we are informed that Gen'
McLean is recruiting in and about Hallifax, that Major
liogers is recruiting in the back parts of Nova Scotia in
Order to make a descent early in the Spring on Falmouth
and to annex as large a part of the Province of Main as
possible to the British territories to the jSTorthward,

We are lately inform'd that the Forces at Penobscott al-
ready amount to a thousand Men ; altho' neither M'^Lean nor
Rogers have yet return'd: That the abovesaid M'^Lean &
Rogers are shortly expected with their Recruits, when, it is
said Falmouth is their Object.

The Convention therefore pray in behalf of their Con-
stituents, that the Honourable Court would Grant them a
body of Men absolutely necessary for their Defence in case
of an invasion. They also stand in need of an Enginere as
well as experienced Officers.

It is needless for this Convention to represent to the Court
the importance of this Country to the United States, or that
all East of Falmouth must fall into the Enemy's hands
should they take post here. We therefore hope the honour-
able Court will take our dangerous State into their Wise
consideration, & beg leave to subscribe,

your Honors most Obed* hum' Serv*^
Joseph M'^Lellan

By Order of the Convention.



OF Tirr, sTA'i'F*: of mai.xe 121

In the House of Representatives March 16, 1780

Read and committed to the Committee who have under

consideration, the situation of the Eastern parts of the

State —

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk""
In Council :\rarch 16', 1780

Read & Concurred

John Avery D Sec'y.

A ^Number of Gent. At^cjuainted witli the eastern part of
the State give it as their Oppinion that in order to be on the
Defensive it is necessary to have

400 Men, with 40 Wliale Boats at Falmouth, with a Skil-
ful Engineer to make Defensive Preparation &*^

1000 Men & 100 Whale Boats in County Lincoln 200 of

which to be sent to Machias to Coll Allen.

To Apply to the State of Xew Hampshire for Troops

Two or three Cruisers to be sent immediately on the East-
ern shore to protect the Coasters

That Coll Allen should have a Supply sent him in order
to retain the Indians in our Favour.
The Troops to be raised at Large in this State

4 Field Pieces 4 & 6 pounders

Brass Mortars

Small Cruiser 5 or 10 Guns

The Smallest the Enemy has 8 Guns

Letter from J Allan

Machias March 5''' 1780
Sir

Having an opportunity Westward — and the Danger (by

reason of the Enemv) that mv Letters mav not reach Boston

— I take the Liberty of Writing a Copy of Part of my Letter



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

which I request the favour of the Honble Board to attend to
as a Matter of Fact —

March 3^=1 shall Take the Liberty to Communicate to
the Hon^'^ Board without the least Exaggeration the Situa-
tion of this Port —

At Present, Thirty three white persons in the whole, not
one Weeks Provisions, about 200'*' Powder for Common &
Small Arms — the Indians for want of Subsistence Drawing
off in the Woods that in Ten Days there will not be Fifteen
Left — the Inhabitants Disheartened by the Strength &
Threats of the Enemy — Great part of the Westward of
pleasant River, perticularly the leading men falling in with
the Enemy's Terms, & every step taken to Discourage the
Militia in Opposing — by which the Enemy Views this Port,
as a perticular object to Distroy in order to Accomplish their
plan —

For this End Colo Rogers went up the River S* Johns
the Last of December for Quebeck, where his Brother had a
party of Rangers & a ISTumber of Indians Mawshawks & Iro-
quois and without doubt are on their March at this Time —
This Ace' I rec*^ from S* John's, Halifax & by Private
Acc'^ from Bagaduce — some Ships are ordered to block up
the Harbour Early & a ]S!^umber of Troops to Land — Large
supplys are laid in at S' Johns & Major Studholm has sent
^Messages for all the Indians to Assemble at S' Johns & meet
him, to hear some Great News for them & receive presents,
This is to Draw them away till they Accomplish their Design,
and I am afraid that most will Attend, as my Situation Can-
not prevent it, —

I hope from this the Honble Court, will Look to my Sit-
uation and Relieve me from these Difficultys — I have the
Honour to Be with Great Respect Sir

Your most obed very hbl serv^

J Allan



OF THK STATE OF MAIXE 123

111 Coimcil April 7' 1780
Kead & Sent down

John Avery D Secy
In the House of Ilepresentatives April 7'*' 1780

Read & committed to the Committee appointed to con-
sider what further measures are necessary to be taken for the
defence of the Eastern Parts of this State And the Com-
mittee are directed to sit forthwith —

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spkr
In Council April 7 17bO

Read & Concurred

John Avery D Secy.

Letter of J. Allan.

Indian Eastern Department

Head Quarters Machias March S''^ 1780
Gentlemen

I have to request of you, that should any Vessel or Vessels
with Supplies for this Department put into any of your
Districts; that you will please to give every Assistance, (and
Communicate to the Master my Desire of their using their
Utmost Endeavours to reach this Post, as a matter of the
greatest Importance to the United States.

The Letter with this must be forwarded with all Expedi-
tion; but with tlie greatest Care and Caution — Let this be
forwarded to the several Committees westward of Campden —
I am very respectfully Gentlemen Your most Obed^

Hble Serv^

J Allan Con Ag'

of Indians & Comm'' of Machias

The Committees, Majistrates k, ALilitia Othcers of

the Several Towns & Districts Westward of Camden

State of Massachusetts Bay



124 docump:xtaiiy history

Letter of John Gray to John Lewis.

North Yarmouth :March 6''' 1780

Esq"" Lewis Sir if M"" Crockers Partision shuld be sent to

Court by you Concerning the Stopage of Eny part of his

wagers or Eny others that May Sine S*^ Pertision pray be

So kind as to Let the Court know that I dont Stop one

farthin more than Co' Mitchel had out of the Money for his

Expence of gitting the Same and to Pay that Expence out

of my Pocket I think very hard & Unreasonable when I Can

Make it apear I have Lost all my wagers other ways I hope

you will Save Me harmless if you Can — Xothing further

only wishing you a good Jorny to Boston and a Safe Return

from vour Frind k Humble Sar*

John Gray
M"" John Lewis Esq' In X. Yarmouth

Certificate of Thomas Y\^atson in favor of Arthur Spencer.

Boston 6*'' March 1780
This may Certify that upon the Expedition to Penobscut
Doctor Arthur Spencer was Doctor of the Armed Ship
Charming Sally Commanded by Alexander Holms Given
under our hands
Their Commander

Daniel Waters Putnam of the
John Cathcart Hazard
John F. Williams Tvranacide

An Invent""^ of Cloths &ce lost by Arth Spencer at Penobscut

£ S d

2 Broad Cloth Coats & Westcoats 160

3 Summer Weastcoats 90

4 p"" Breeches 90
8 New Shirts 240



OK THK STAIK OF MAINK 125

5 Old D" 60

10 p^ Stockings 90

8 New Cam])rick Stocks 72

2 Check Shirts 20

1 Matrass Bolster & Pillow 100

2 Blankets 30
2 p^ Sheets 60

1 Trunk 30
8 Handkerchiefs 70

Cash expended for Traveling 86 2

2 Months Wages 60

£1258 2

N. B. Besides Books and Instruments which its impos-
sible to replace

Arthur Spencer

Boston 6 March 1780

This may Certify that Doctor Arthur Spencer was Docf
of the Armed Ship Charming Sally, Alex"" Holms Com-
mander, upon the Expedition to Penobscut where he lost all
his Clothes &ce and in a most miserable manner returned to

this Town —

Thomas Watson C : :M :

Boston 20^" March 1780 Charming Sally



Resolve commUling the Petition of Arthur Spencer.

To the Honorable the Council, and House of Representatives

of the State of Massachusetts Bay

March 6, 1780

The Petition of Arthur Spencer in the most hum' maner

Sheweth

That your Petitioner upon the Expiditiou to Penobscot

was Doctor of the Arm'd Ship Charming Sally, where lie



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

was unfortunate enough to loose every attorn of Cloths he
was possessed of in the World. That your Petitioner through
over Violent fatigue, which brought on a Fever was confined
for upward of Three Weeks. That your Petitioner has
never had any restitution made him either for Wages, Ex-
pences or anything whatever.

That your Petitioner through the extreme severity of the
Winter and the Exorbitant prices of every necessary of life
has been reduced to a State of Indigence and want truely
deplorable; which compells him to lay before your Honors
his unhappy situation and in the most humble and pressing
manor Solicit your Honors to take his pitiable case into con-
sideration and grant him such assistance as your Honors may
thinlve proper and put it in his power with a Heart over-
flowing with gratitude to declare Penobscot has not been his
final Euin and your Petitioner as in duty bound will pray

Arthur Spencer
Boston 6 March 1780

In the House of Kepresentatives Mar. 18, 1780

Read & committed to the Committee on Accounts —

Sent up for Concurrence

John Hancock Spk""

In Council March 18* 1780

Head & Nonconcurred

John Avery D Sec'y

In Council March 24*'^ 1780

Read again and the Board reconsider their Vote of Xon-

concurrence passed the 18*'' Ins*^ & Ordered — That Thomas

Cushing Esq"" with such as the Hon'ble House shall join be

a Committee to take into Consideration this Petition of

Doc*" Arthur Spencer and report what may be proper to be

done thereon —

Sent down for Concurrence

John Avery D Sec^



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127

In the House of Jlcprescntatives IMarch 24''' 1780

Read «& Conciirrd & Cap* Brooks & Capt Reed are
joined —

John Hancock Spk""

The Committee of bt^lh Houses appointed to take under

their Consideration the Petition of Doctor Arthur Spencer

have attended the service & take leave to Report that it will

be Expedient to Refer the Consideration of this Petition

untill Such Time as the Cases of all such as were Engaged in

the Penobscot Expedition & who have suffered in like manner

with Doctor Spencer, shall be taken under the Consideration

of the General Assembly, so that, in Case it should be thought

just & reasonable to make them anv Compensation for their

Sufferings, the same line of Conduct may be observed with

Respect to all of them

All which is Submitted

Thomas Cushing p"" order
In Council March 30' 1780

Read & Accepted Sent down for Concurrence

John Averv D Sec^



Report, of Selectmen of Falmouth.

The Select men of the Town Falmouth would inform the
Hon*'"^ Court, that upon the Reseet of the Courts Resolve of



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