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then those that had bin sturring vp the Indians against
them i was very Kindly vssed whilest my abode at qua-
bacque & all soe seurall Capttifs that was takn with mee
that the Indians Brought in : the french bought them & was
Kind to them i was at quebaque 4 months & was Exchaingd
for a french man S"" Will pliips had taken the 15"' of octob''
1()90.

whilest my abode was at quabaqe I did Indevor to aquante
my selfe with the streanght of the place & the meashurs
thay take for the mannigment of theire war, viz.

I lind thay will not bee wanting by all menes posible to
have the poossetion of all new England where our English
are settled in order thcare vnto thay doe Indevor by pres-
ents & sending i)eo[)('ll throw the Country with their friers
by theire delutions to ))ringe all Indiatjs to bee at theire
Comand for war : thay Commonly pas buy Land in to the



OP THE STATE OF MAINE. 149

N west bay wheare our English facttory is to set the Indians
against the English thare thay have taken all our English
facttory thare except port Nelson which thay doe intend to
take this winter in order thare vnto thay have sent 2 ships
thay tooke in the Nor west from Cap" Bond & Capt Jn°
Outslan & others of our English whome thay keepe in prison
at quabaqe the said 2 ships saild from quabaqe in June Last
past for the Nor west & thay have sent a party of french
ouer Land to Joyne with Indians cS; the said 2 ships for the
destroying all our English facttory theare : they have Cora-
erse all soe with the Indians 6 or 700 Leags throw the Coun-
try toward the Rivers of Maxico & desine, if possible : by
presents & other means to bringe the maquis & those In-
dians that are frindship with our English, to bee on theire
side that thay may have them all soe to Joyne with them :
the Jesuits & friers will speare noe Coste to Bring thire
Cruell treacherys about which if thay Can accomplish thay
will be in a faire waj' to subdue new England : thay had
desinged to send ought seurell partys of theire french (that
can & doe Live in the woods as the Indians & which Grate
parte of theire people Can doe) in small partys throw the
Land in the winter to Joyne with the Indians for to Ruen
our frontere toAvns in new England But it may bee S' Will
hath put a stope to that desinge at present but I know thay
will vse all means possable to Indevor the destrurittion of
theire majesf" Interest in New P^ngland & New York &, if
so : thay will not stope thare but thay will aime at all theire
majesty^ Intrest in America ( : I giue my thoughts & vpon
Good Grounds) if thare is not Care to prevent & I humbly
Conceve the only way to {)revent them from theire bloody
desing is to subdue theire Country Remove them of & set-
tell it with English before theare bee a peace settled betwixt
the 2 nations for if a peace be thay will strangthen them
sefFs & secure the favors of all Indians & tight vs in time of
peace with Indians & vpon the first Breach of a peace fall



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

vpon the English with all theire forses & allso all Indians on
theire sides : as thay are att present Judge thay Cannot make
in Canada aboue 6 : or 7000 fighting men & thay disperst at
seurell small townes at Greate distance theire Lining is most
by the Indian Trade which is of a mighty value eyerly be-
sides what thay have from the Nor west sense thay heave
taken our English facttory.

Theire Land is very fertell but thay have not mad such
Large Improvements as our English have in New England
for I linde the trade with the Indians brings them in sofisiant
profit theare is Good Land & Good Timber if well Improufed
& thay say at moriall a towne about 60 Leages vp the River
to the southward from quabaque all frvtes will Grow theare
as well as in france & that way thay desinge theire Great
fareming & soe will settell throw the Country farther &
farther vpon the Backs of the English But I hope God will
prevent thaire JesuitecuU Bloody desinge.

Thay say theire King dos mainetaine 1500 or 2000 soul-
diers & sends ouer suploys & pay for them eyerly for the
defence of the Country & that all fortification with stors :
amonition & all pul)lick worke are don vpon theire Kings
accompt & not by the Inhal)itanc all soe thay say the french
King sends ouer mony eyerly to defrae other publick Charges
that may Arise & thare is noe publick dutys paid but by the
Companys of the peltery wliich makes mee Judge the Incoms
is Grate wheare such publick Charges is Expended.

The Gentery at quabaqe are very Courtious & Cevill &
Lives very Si)lended only by the trade but thay heave
abundance of poore amongst them for betwixt the Church
men & Gentery thay are oppressed but in such a suttell way
that the poore peoi)ell are not sensible of the Cause of theire
missery naither deare they complaine if they weare.

the french when thay take any Indians or Maquis that are
theire Enemy s thay doe not kill them but keepe them very
safe Giue them Clothes & vittells & Giue them theire Lib-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 151

erty such meshurs thay take to Bring all Indians to bee
there freinds thay have Carried soom Maquis & other Indians
that thay have taken for france to see the state thare & have
Brought them backe to quabaqe Clothed them gaue them
theire Liberty to Live amongst them or Goe to theire owne
Country to show theire frinds how Kindly the freanch have
vsed them.

Reporte of an Army of English and Indians being at or
Nere Moriall Caused the Gounour with what forsess coold
be raised at quabaqe to imbarqe for Morrill vpon July 12***
1690 & Lefte in quabaque about 200 : men Gentellmen mar-
chants & tradesmen to Gard the towne there was 6 a niofht
vpon the Gard soe that all the men in the Towne Came vpon
the Gard onse in 3 nif^hts & theire doutino- that our English
& Indians woold bee about them thay Roght every day to
fortefie the towne Round which is with Stockades in the
Ground & a banke Breast high Caste vp against it & vpon
every Angle flankes of Good stone & Lime that will enter-
tain 8 or 10 men to fight in ech flanker.

there Cam often newes from Moriell of our army which
put the Country in Greate feare.

August lO"' nues Came to towne that our English had
taken 6 french ships at the He of pearsy which set the
Greatest parte at theire wits ends what to doe douting that
our English was Coming by Land and waiter nuse was Car-
ried to Morriall but the Gounour Coold not Com downe
from thence thay had theire hands full.

IS'*" nuse from Morriall that English & Indians had met
with soom of theire french & had slaine about 3 men.

yber 3^ — nuese from moriall that the Maquis only had
slaine 30 french men wimming & Children.

Newes that our ships was Gon from the He of persy which
much Rejoiced the people.

7ber j^gth j^ues from Morriall that the Maquas had slaine
one of the Kings Cap" & about 17 Souldirs & 3 or 4 Inhab-



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

itance which put all in grate feare bewayling theire frends at
Moriall and all soe theire owne danger.

21"* Nuse that 2 french men of war had met with 5 of our
English ships vpon the Cost of Acada which made the very
Bells Joyfull

24 this day newes brought to towne sartaine of our Eng-
lish fleet being in the River now the Joy of our ships being
taken was drowned with Greif to thinke what woold bee
Com of theire ships that thay did expect from france y* thay
ware in sum hopes that it might have bin a french fleete but
sartaine Nuese Came to Towne that our English had bin
ashore and Beaten of: the Cartaine nuse put all in very
Great fears thay sent up to Moriall to the Gouno'' for Relefe
all the Countrey peopell nere to quabeqe Came in which was
not many theire numbers being vp at Moriall seurell of the
Inhabitance of quebaqe did speake of surrendring vp to the
English & i doe Judge thay wold have don soe if the Lord
had Gave opertunity for our fleete to got vp to the towne
before theire strangth of souldies had Com downe from
Morrill the Gouno"" had sent ought seurell partys to discover
the moshion of the Maquis his partys Eeturnd with sartan
nues that thay ware Gon Back ouer the Lake & that thare
was noe enemys by Land whare vpon the Gounou"" ordred
the forsses from Morrill & other places for quabaqe//

Octob"" 1"* The seurell troops began to Com to town &
soom Indians which was dispachd oute to Goe downe the
River to discover the ships & keepe our men from Landing
at the Bisheps & the He of Orlance & else wheare.
4''' The Gouno Arived with seurell troops of men.
5^^ thcare Arived troops of men so with : what was in the
Towne before about 2700 : bcsids a j)arty vpon Orlance.

6*'' Mond morning our English fleete was Riding before
the towne & then thare was in the towne about 2700 Brisk
men well aremd & this day thare Came betwixt 3 or 400
more by land : in the time of our fleite Leying at quabaqe



or THE STATE OF MAINE. 153

provitions was very scarse very Littell Bread or Coren &
very Littell meate only a persell of Cattell drove into towne
which thay did kill to suploy theire souldiers. If it had
plesed God that the Land army as was supposed to bee
above had staid about Morriall or our ships had Come sooner
or weather had been such that thay might have staid Longer
with ought doute wee shoold have bin masters of Canada —
I Hope the Lord will find ought a way for the subduing
those Blood thursty Reches : that have Joynd with the Cru-
el! heathen to ; Bucher soe many poore Innosent sovles
whoes blood is Crying ought (how Long o Lord how Long
holy & trve dost thou not Judge and avenge our Blood on

them &c

g mee Silvanus Davis/

William Vaughan to take the Chief command, ^c. *

Ordered, that ffifty of the Souldiers now abroad in the
Eastern parts be continued at Wells under the Conduct of
L*^ Elisha Andrews, Thirty at York under some fitt person
in quality of a Sergeant to Comand them, and one hundred
at Piscattaque under the Conduct of Cap* James Convers,
Maj"" Pike & the rest of the Comanders & Souldiers under
him, to be forthwith disbanded, all hired men to be detayned,
except such as are disinabled by wounds or Sickness, Maj""
William Vaushan to take the chiefe Comand of the whole,
and by the advice of the other Comission officers, and some
of the principal! Gentlemen upon the place, to Improve
them for the discovery & prosecution of the Indian & trench
enemie and Strengthning of those parts, untill the begin-
ning of November next, unless the Council shall see Cause
to Continue the whole or any pte thereof for longer time,
Octob'' IT" 1690 . Voted in the affirmatiue p"" y« Deputies

John Clark Clei-/
Consented to by the Governor

and Assistants. Is* Addington Sec''Y



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Ordered that there be forthw*'' sent Supplyes of Cloath-
ing and all other Necessaryes for the Soljers that remayne
at y® Eastward, to be paid out of the two Rates & halfe al-
ready grant*^

Octob^ 11"^ 90 : Voted in the Affirmatiue p'

y® Deputies

John Clark Cler/
Consent** to by the Gov'
& assistants

Is* Addington Sec*^/



Letter from Barth^ Gedney.



Hon''able



Salem Ih''' of OctoV 1690
Sr Haveing heard of the offer of m' W'" Sawer to Raise
60 volunteirs I took opertunitie of discource with him who
seems very Ready to put himself on y* service if the Coun-
cill please to Incourage it their only dificultie is want of pro-
vitions which they are not able to furnish themselves with
for soe Long as will be needfull to persue the designe to
Efect therefore desire there may be order to some principall
men at piscataque to furnish them with a months provition
if they shall need the same) which they will allow for out
of their body or what shall be due to them for scalps If it
please God to Give them success & if they faile of succes
the Contrie only to beare that charge he Informes me y'
sine his being with the Councill he hath further Assureance
of men Able & fitt for that service I therefore Give you the
Trouble of this Line offering my opinion that such a designe
well Incouraged formed & Conducted may be of great use
and benefitt & prevent much spoile and greater charge which
will Inevitably fall upon us unless this be spedily pushed
forward, they desire that 101 a scalp be allowed It will



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 155

Quikcn men the more : & somthing off an order Councill for
it to List the men & that they chuse their owne officers. &
to have Ct)mission from the Government here are now many
of the Easterne men In towne prompt and Ready for the
service if the Coucill see meet to Incourasre the matter I
will use my indeavo's to sett it forward : if any order comes
to me about it) this from

Yo'' Assured freind & serv" Barth^ Gedney/
the matter Requires utmost
dispatch/



Debentures to be given out to Soldiers.

There being Severall Souldiers that were Imployed in
their Maj"*^^ Service Slaine & carried Captive from the ffort
at Casco, and the Comissary being also Carried away, that
so their accounts cannot be adjusted and their wives & rela-
tions being in want, It's ordered that the Couiittee for De-
bentures, give out debenture for one quarter part of wages,
that shall appear due to them for their Service, according to
Certificate, from their Captains, for present ; untill there be
opportunity of settling those accompts

22'" October 1690.

past in the affirmative by the Deputies

Tymothy Prout p order/
Consenf to by the Governo*"

and Assistants Is* Addington Sec'^^./



Letter from TF"* Vaughan to Gov Bradstreet.

Portsm" SO"' 8""^^ 1690.
INIuch Hon'''«

My Last Informed boath of y^ Complaints and Nessesities
of the Souldiers w'^" Renders them vncapable of that seruice



156 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

your Hon^^ Designd them for. Since then on Satterday last
wee sent out y® Indyan Squaw w^^ an English Man of these
parts formerly Conuersant among y** Indyans who volletarily
offerd himselfe on this occatyon to Indevor y'' Recovery of
som of our English Captiues be Exchainge &c & to make
obserues of the Condytyon of our Enemy as opertuuity
May offer him pray god preserue and Returne him againe in
safty which wee Doe Not Expecte in Lesse then a ffortnights
time I am

Much Hon"""^

Your Humble Seru"
// W"^ Vaughan/



Wells October 31 : 1690
Euer Hon'^^'^

These are to inform yo"^ Hon^^ that I Receiued a Coppy of
the order of the General Court Respecting Wells of Maj''
pike : which order I haue obeyed ; the 28 : instant Sam"
Storer Arriued here, with a hundred bushells of indian Corn
& Rye : 30 Wastcoats : 30 pair of Drawers & a hogshead of
salt ; which is but a Small Supply Considering the pouerty
of the inhabitants ; and the nesessity the Souldiers are in
Respect of Cloathing Shirts shoes & stockings that I haue a
great deal of trouble to keep them here the Inhabitants not
Careing for our Company ; they not Desireing aboue twenty ;
if any : Therefore I Craue of yo"^ Honours that if Souldiers
Must be kept hero, that we might be Reliued and others
Sent in our Room : for their is such Anamossity betwixt the
souldiers and the inhal)itants ; that their is Little hopes of
vs Doing any thing that tends to gods hon*" or the good of
the Country ;

The inhabitants were in but fine Garissons when Capt
Wyllys went away as major Pike had ordered and they are



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 157

Rcnioucd into seuen ; and seuemll are Discourseino; of ffoino;

' o c o

home to their own houses ; and the most part of them is for
Keeping Little or no watch ; for there is no Comand amongst
them ; which makes them vncapable of Defence ; that If the
Enemy Comes vpon vs ; I am afraid their Carelessness will
be both their Destruction and ours also ; I intreat yo*" Hon-
ours to take it into Consideration.

Nothing more Material at present I Remain yo"" Honours
Humble seruant at Comand
If yo"" Honours please to Dis- Elisha Andre wes/

course Cap* Wyllys he can

Inform you of all perticka-

lers.



Letter James Convers to the Gov'^ & Council.

Portsm'" Nov-" y« 3'' 1690
May it pleas your Hon"

I haue often writt & I Cannot yett forbare, to Inform©
your Hon*^^ of y" miserable Condetion y* we are in for want
of bread & cloaths, we haue nothing but a letle porke, but
we haue not any bread nor haue we had any this fortnight
or three weeks our Soldiers are sick some of y" small pox
and others of A feaver, I haue borrowed bread for y'^ Hos-
petall, & y*" sick in severall places, and I am not Able to
provide for so many people v})on my own account, for sev-
erall Gennerous Gentlefn of y"^ place are weary with doing
for y" publicque haueing no Order yett to make rates which
yy are Exseedingly troubled at, I besech your Hon" to Con
sider what difScvlty I meet with to provide Oatmeal, butter
Candle &c for y" sick with my Own money, I besech y' I
may haue a spedy sui)plye, or Else Call me off & lett some
other person come & bear a share —

& altho the Soldiers are Exseedingly provoaked, yett I



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

would pray y* those y* haue disorderly ran away may not
altogether go vnpunished,

viz Rich'' Drew

Tho^ Robinson

Jn° Cooms

Daniell Matthews

Tini^y Dudley

peter Yerington /



of Southfolk



Tho^ Cook of Maiden
Nath" Geree
I cannot tell y^ pei'ticuler Touns
these belong too, but thought
it my duty to giue your Hon"
this account, and remaine your

hon"^* humble serv*

James Convers/
[Superscribed] For the
Honour'''^ y^ Governour
& Council In
— Boston

These

gr Sam" Wheelwright Esq""//



Order, for the Encouragement of L* EUtfha Andreivs, Sj-c.

For the Encouragement of L* Elisha Andrews or any
other meet persons that shall be Approved of by the Gov-
erno"" & Council and such Volunteirs as shall list themselues
to goe out w**" them agst the comon Enimy ffrench & Inde-
ans, Its Ordered that they shall be allowed twelue pounds
in or as mony for every man of y*^ Enimy they shall Kill or



or THE STATE OF MAINE. 159

bring in aliue, in leiu of Wages, and to be paid three shil-
lings p"" week a man whilst they are out in y^ Service in Leiu
of Provisions, as also Eight pounds in or as mony afores**
for every English captiue they shall recover and bring back
out of s'' Enimies hands, and that they shall be allowed what
benifitt they can make of their Weomen & Children and
plunder.

past in y* aflBrmatiue p'' y^ Deputies
Noverab^ G'*- 1690

John Clark Cler
Consent*^ to by the Gov''
and Assistants

Is* Addington, Sed^/



Capt. John Alden to have the use of the Sloop Mary.

Vpon the desire of Cap' John Alden to haue the Use of
the Sloop Mary for a voyage to Nova Scotia proposing to
Endeavour the Redemption of the English captiues now in
the Enimies hands and to visset Port Royall to inquire into
the State of the people there being subjected to the obedi-
ence of the Crown of England, and to carry some provi-
sions tor their supply. Liberty is granted him to proceed
accordingly at his own charg, Not to carry w*'' him any am-
unition more then for the Necessary use of the vessell. And
to Endeavour his Return to Boston again with Said Vessell
within one month or six weeks tyme at farthest
Novemb"* 6"^ 1690 S past in the AfBrmatiue

P y® Deputyes

John Clark Cler/
Consent'' to by the Gov''
and Assistants

//Is" Addington Sec"^/



160 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Ordered that all the officers and Souldiers in their Maj"®'
Service now abroad at Piscattaque, be forthwith disniist,
and drawne home only ffour & twenty to remayne behinde,
Such as Cap* Convers, & Liev' Andrews shall appoint to
Stay, (as many of the hired men as are fitt for Service,) to be
of that number Twelve to be posted at Wells, and the other
Twelve where Maj"" Vaughan, Maj"^ iFrost Capt" Convers & L*
Andrews shall apprehend they may be most needed and to
Continue untill the Gove"" & Council give order for their
drawing off, Supplys of provisions, & Cloathing to be Sent
for the Support of them that remayne,

Wesson & Eaton of Redding, Hutchinson of Charls-
towne, Jn" Goffe of Cambridge : John Belcher of
Boston & John Hadlock of Salem, & Ebenezer
Batchellor of Wenham & John Smith of Dorches-
ter, & Samuel Shore of Brantry pticulerly to be
dismist home

past in y® afirmatiue g y® dep**

g order Joseph Lynde

Noveml/ 7"' 1690

Consent*^ to by the Gov"" and Assistants

Is'' Addington Sec-'V



Instructions.

Instructions for Major Robert Pike, Major Elisha Hutchin-
son &c"
Let not your place of Treaty be without the bounds of

Wells, and be very carcfull to prevent any Surprise by

Treachery. —

You are in the first place to Satisfy yo"" Selves concerning

the persons that present themselves to treat w"" you, and in

w' capacity they come, and in case you find them Sagamores



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 161

or appoint by them You are to demand of them what Pro-*
posals they have to make ; And Acquaint them that the
Warr was begun neer Nine months before the Govern m'
came into our hands, and for ought we know, themselves or
Accomplices were first Aggressors therein ; And Endeavour
to make them sensible of the Resentment we have of their
perfidiousness, and bloody cruelty exercised towards the
Eno:lish. —

Let them understand that as we were not the boerinners
of the Warr, So we are not averse to Peace in a just and
Righteous way.

Let them understand, It is but just that they render Sat-
isfaction for the innocent blood, which they have Shed, and
depredations made upon the Country. —

That you insist upon the Return of all the English Cap-
tives in their power, and their Quitting of the English Pos-
sessions, and Interest.

That in case there be any conclusion of Peace, Endeavor
to gain Hostages for Security on their part ; And if any In-
jury be hereafter offered unto them by the English, that
they first make complaint thereof to the Governm* before
they seeke any revenge.

In the Managem* of this Affayre of so great concernm*
much nmst be left to yo"" good sound discretion upon the
place ; But let nothing be done, so as to give the Enemy
Advantage to ensnare us, by being over credulous of them.

Boston Nov - 8. 1690./



Doc. Vol. v. 11



162 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

Commissioners appointed.

The Governour and Council of their Ma''" Colonv of the

Massachusetts Bay in New = England

To Major Robert Pike, Major Elisha Hutchinson,
Captain Penn Townsend, M*^ Rich'' Waldorn and
m"" Samuel Wheelewright.

Greeting

"Whereas Warumbee, John Hawkins and others of the
principal Indian Enemy are lately come into Wells, and do
desire an Opportunity to Treat with some Gentlemen of the
English, in order to their obteining Peace — These are in
their Maties names to Empower and Authorise you to be
Commission'"s to go to Wells, there to receive the Proposals
they shall Ofier for themselves and other Indians in hostility
with their Ma""^ Subjects of this Country, And to make such
Overtures to them on our behalfe as shall be for the Honour
of God, their Ma"*"^ Interest, and the welfare of these Plan-
tations, according to the Instructions given you from this
Board. In Testimony whereof the Publick Seal of the
Colony aboves'', is affixed to these pn*% Dated in Boston
the Eighth day of Novemb'' 1690. In the Second year of the
Reign of our Sovereign Lord and Lady, William and Mary,
by the Grace of God, King and Queen of England &c*/



Instructions.

Instructions for Captain John Alden Commander of the
Sloop Mary, and such other Gentlemen as shall accom-
pany him in his present Voyage. — .

In Pursuance of an AsTreement made at Yorke the. 11'**
day of Novemb"^ instant by some Gentlemen Commissionated
by the Governour & Council with John Hawkins an Indian
Enemy Captain in behalfe of the Eastern Sagamores refer-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 103

ring to the Exchange of Captives &c. Coi)y whereof is herc-
^th given you.

You are forthwith to man the said Sloop with Twenty
able men or thereabout, and set Sayle directly into Ports-
mouth in Piscataqua River, to take in the Indian Captives,
and such persons as the Gentlemen of Piscataqua shall thinke
fit, and Suitable to accompany, and assist you in this ser-
vice, (Ca[)tain Hooke, m"" Partridge, and Captain Convers
(if upon the place are apprehended to be meet for the
same) with an able Interpreter : And so proceed to Sagada-



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