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hock, where you are to put abroad a fflagg of Truce, the In-
dians haveing promised to l)ring the English Captives thithei",
which (they Say) are to the number of Seventeen or Up-
wards, and send your Boat ashore with a fflagg of Truce,
they haveing likewise promised, that at the same time, they
will send as many Indians in a Canoe as there shalbe men in
your Boat on board yo"" Vessell to remain there as Hostages
until your men return, And haveing received the English
Captives into your possession, deliver up to them their Cap-
tives which you carry with you ; As also receive & digest
into writing such Proposals and Overtures as shalbe made
by the Indian Sagamores, referring to a further Treaty, ai d
agree of the time and place for the same, which must not be
to the Eastward of Wells, and the time cannot well be until
the next Spring, towards the latter end of Aprill : And if
any agreement be made of that nature, there must be Arti-
cles likewise drawn in writing interchangably passed under
yo"" hands of the one part, Avitnessed by both English and
Indians for a Truce or Cessation of Amies, until after the
time that shalbe agreed on for Treaty, And that neither
themselves nor any of their men during all that time, shall
do any Act of Hostility or injure any of their Ma""^ Sub-
jects in person or Estate, nor hold correspondence joyne
with, or Assist any of the French, or Indian Encmys but
Endeavour to give timely notice to the English of any ap-



164 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

proach of the Enemy, or designe which they may know of
intended by them against the English, the like promiss for a
Truce on the part of the English you may consent to ; En-
deavouring to obtein a Hostage to remain with the English,
as Security for their performance ; And it wilbe advisable
that they be limited to keep at some convenient distance
from the English dwellings & Plantations which if they trans-
gress and any inconvenience or mischiefe happen thereby,
the English must be held excusable ; But if at any time they
have Occasion to make application to the English for Sup-
plies, or bring them intelligence, that they come to m"^
Samuel Wheelewrio:hts Garrison in AVells, and not above
three of them unarmed and with a fflagg of Truce. —

If you meet with any of our Vessells upon their return
from Canada that are any waies distressed, or in want, yield
them what Supplies & assistance you can. —

The particular Conduct of this Affayre must be left to the
good discretion of yo"" selfe, and the Gentlemen that shall
accompany you to Assist therein. In which Let all prudence
and care bee used that you be neither Surprised, deceived
by their treachery, or drawn into any inconvenient Engage-
m* to the prejudice of their Ma''*^* Interest or detrim* of their
Subjects, And make all possible dispatch to return with the
Yessell to Boston/



Agreem^ of a Truce w"^ y^ Indian Sagamore Enemy'

JVov"- 29^ 1690"

Sagatahock Nov^ y« 29^"^ (1690)
Att A treatee of peace with y" Eastw'^ Indian Enemy

Sagamors,

Cap'" John Alden sen"" and divers other GentleiTi receiue-

ing Orders from the Governour & Councill at Boston in New



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 165

England to treat with y^ s*" Eastw'' Sagamors in order to a
truce & : C : at y® place abous'^) which accordingly was at-
tended, where y^ Eastw*^ Sagamores came and delivered vp
ten of Our Englesh Captives, which were all y* y^ had there
with them at y' time, the Indians also had Eight of their
Captiues delivered vp to them at y® same time, and further
the said Sagamores : viz : Edgareemat : AValumber : John
Haukins, Watombamet, Toquelmut & Natumbomt, do here-
by Covenant promis and agree for them selues their heirs
and all the Eastward Indians now in open hostillety with the
English from Pennecook Winnepiseockeege Ossepe Pig-
wocket Amoscongon pechepscut Keneebeck river and all
other places adjasant within the territory and dominions of
the aboue named Sagamors, that neither them selues nor
any other Indians belonging to y^ s'' places, shall do any
harme wrong or Injury vnto the persons nor Estates of the
Englesh, who are their Maj*' subjects Inhabiting or y' may
Inhabitt in y*' provinces of New-Hamsheir and Maine, or
that belong to any of y^ Maj** territoryes and dominion of
New-England from the day of the date hereof vntell the
first day of May next Ensueing, at which time all the above
named Sagamores do Covenant promis and agree, to meet at
the Garrason hous of Leiu* Joseph Storer at Wells in the
province of Maine, with y'' Gentlein that the Governour &
Councill shall send to said AYells and draw vp signe & seall
Articles & peace between the said Englesh and Indians, at
which time also the said Sagamors do promis to bring to
said Wells all y^ English Captiues that are in their hands or
y* yy Can procure by y* time and surender them vp to the
English, and in the mean time dureing the wholl terme of
y® aboues*^ truce. If any others Either french or Enemy In-
dians shall Intice y™ or any of them to harme the English,
or plott or Contriue any harme against y^ s'' Sagamors will
timely discover y® same to som Englesh Garrason or seiz
and secure them and bring them to y® Englesh.



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

And If at any time the said sagamors or any of them
shall haue Occasion to Speak to any Englesh within the
terme of this truce they Coming with A flagg of truce to y*
Garrason of Lieu" Joseph Storer afors** and not aboue three
men at one time, of which one of s'' Sasjamors must be one
they shall then haue free liberty to Come and Call at A dis-
tance to s'' Garrason and haue acsess theretoo, and the
afor.s*^ Cap'" John Alden and y^ rest of y^ Gentleiu, do
promis for the Governour and Couneill and the English in
the aforenamed provinces y* in Case y® afore mentioned Ar-
ticles be firmly kept and Observed by y® Sagamores and In-
dians afors" y' then the s*^ English shall not harme any of
them dureing y® terme of y*^ abou S'' truce, and further it is
agreed by the Sagamors afors*' that if y® s'^ Govern"" & Coun-
eill will send for their Captiues to Casco sooner than the
time abous'' and Establish A peace there, that the s'' Saga-
mors haueing timely notice of it they shall and will attend
it, in testemony whereof y*^ s** p'-^'^' haue Interchangably set
to their hands and seals y" day & year Alredy speseefyd/ —
Wittness

Dewando Edgaremett J. ^ Seal.





Ned T Higen Toqualmot v ^ Seal.

T 1 . n . , Wesumbemt /^0~) Seal.

John Aiden : ju"^ ^ ^-^

Nathanel Alden Natombomet I j Seal.



Walumbe Lj Seal.

John Ilaukins — O Seal.
Signed & sealed Intcrchangabley
vpon y^ Water in Canoes at
Sackatehock when y'' wind blew hard.



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 167

Letter to the Agents of the Massachusetts Colony in

England.

Boston. Novemb - 29° 1690.
Hon^^ and Worthy S^y.

It's now more than nine months from the time of our
Agents departure sent from hence, with our humble Ad-
dresses to their Majesties for our Settlement, Since which
we have not been made happy with the receipt of a Line
from yo"" Selves, that might have been of direction in the
Conduct of our Publick Affayres, circumstanced with so
many & various difficulties ; Although some not well affected
to the put Governm* have not been wanting to insinuate as
if they had Intelligences of the Issue and ill Success of our
Affayres in England, and to spread abroad divers false
Rumours respecting the same to amuse the People, and
make them uneasy, and thereby to render the Administra-
cons of the Governm* more difficult : We do not herein in-
tend the imputation of any neglect to your Selves, or Omis-
sion of Opportunity' for Convayance ; being sensible that
those so acting have not been better furnished with intelli-
gences ; But to intimate the Spirit that is found among us,
and that the delay of a full Settlement, Especially consider-
ing the conjuncture of our Affayres, hath been of no little
disadvantage. We have not knowingly omitted any Con-
vayance to Impart unto you, what from time to time hath
occurred with us in matters of moment particularly referring
to the Warr, and the Expeditions set forth against the ffrench
and Indian Enemy, A Narrative of that to Port Royal, and
of God's Smiles upon us therein hath been forwarded unto
you, and hope is come safe to hand, with our Letters advis-
ing of our preparations to set forth for Canada, which was
accordingly put in Execution ; The awfull Frowne of God
in the disappointment of that chargable and hazardous Enter-
prize, you will have a particular Account of in the Narrative
accompanying of these ; wherein, whatsoever. Some may



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

charge as matter of blame upon these or those Instrum'*
Imployed in the Conduct of that Affayre ; Yet is the provi-
dence of God, appearing against us in the same, to be spe-
cially remarked, and taken notice of, partly by the long
continuance of contrary winds at their Entring the River,
retarding their Voyage that they were neer three times so
long goeing up, as their passage was to the Rivers mouth,
and Notices thereby given to the Enemy to prepare, and
opportunity to draw down their IForces to oppose them. As
also the withdrawing of the Land tforces, notwithstanding
our pressing the necessity of a Reinforcement of that Expe-
dition to keep the Enemy alarm'd, and buisy above, Endeav-
ouring all we could the prosecution thereof; Although the
Indians (as is said) fell so greatly short of appearances, as
they had promised, Count Frontenac comeing with his Soul-
diers to Quebeck but three dayes before our Ships got
thither, and then the unseasonableness of the weather after
their arrival there and several other particular providences
concurring in this disappointm* gives us plainly to see the
finger of God therein and shall our ffather Spit in our Face,
and we not be ashamed, God grant we may be deeply hum-
bled, and inquire into the cause, and reforme those Sins that
have provoked so great Anger to smoke against the prayers
of his people, and to answer us by terrible things in Right-
eousness ; And no less of Gods anger hath appeared against
us in the loss of so many of our ffriends sent out in that
Expedition, in and at their return by the contagion of the
small Pox, Fevers and other killing distempers, which upon
a modest computation (with those Slain, and dead of their
wounds) We cannot reckon up less than Two Hundred men
in the whole, or thereabouts, whereof neer ffifty are Indians.
God is holy and righteous in all his waies, and forever to be
adored in his wisdom and Sovereignty. We are sensible
there will not Avant those who will Endeavour to traduce
and misrepresent us in the designe and mauagem* of this so



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 169

chargeable and hazardous an Undertaking, whereto it being
by most apprehended we were Enforced through necessity
for our own Safety, we can truely Say, we had no other
Ends therein, but the glory of God, the preservation of
their Ma"*'' Interest, and defending of their good Subjects
of these Colony^ against the Incursions and depredations
of cruel Antichristian and Heathen Enemies, who were the
first Assailants, and made their inrodes upon us both in the
East and West the hist Spring, And are useing all their Jes-
uitical policy utterly to root us out, as you will see by the
inclosed Narrative of Captain Davis, accounting us (as the
English Nation in general) Rebels for our Loialty to their
present Ma"""^ We may not Expect to live in peace, nor can
their Ma"''^ Interest in these parts l)e Secured, but by the
Subdueing and bringing under these Malicious and bloody
Enemies, who are wickedly designing and unweariedly in-
dustrious, spareing no costs, and bearing with the most in-
sufferable injuries offered them by the Indians to proselyte
and bring them over unto their side, that so they may have
the fairer advantage to Infest and lay w^aste the English
Plantations, Nor Can our Sea Coast, Fishery or Navigation
be defended against their Invasions, without his Majesty
shalbe pleased to affoi'd us some Assistance of Shipping and
other Supplies which we desire you would humbly lay be-
fore his Majesty : And if his Ma*^ shall see cause to Order
the setting forth any ffrigatts for the reduceing of Canada,
our Souldiers (who generally want neither Spirit, nor reso-
lution) are ready to offer themselves again to that Service.

It is not unlikely that you may meet with some Com-
plaints of our countenancing or connivance at irregular
Trading, and not giveing due Encouragement to a private
Ship of Warr, that Seised upon & brought in two English
Ships from Newfoundland that came thither from ffrance ;
You may truely Answer that we do not apprehend that we
are justly to be taxed in the one or other of such Complaints,



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

and have not been wanting to our power to prevent irregu-
lar trading, by Imploying of Officers to inspect and informe,
as also to Seize upon any such, and upon particular Occa-
sions granting forth special warrants for the taking hold of
any acting in that kind, and shalbe alike carefull to proceed
against them according to the direction of the Law, One
Ship is at present under Seisure in order to Tryal on that
Account ; And for the ships brought from Newfoundland,
one was Seised being wholly discharged of any ffrench
Goods, (if she brought any) and reladen with fish, the other
was Seised with fi"rench goods on board, the Captain laid his
Informations and joyned Issue against both, upon breach of
his Ma"^' Declaration of Warr, Inhibiting of his Subjects
holding of communication or correspondence with y'' ifrench
King or his Subjects. In which Declaration there is no
penalty Set down, nor Rule given how to proceed against
any Ships or Vessells that come from ffrance and this was an
English Ship brought there as the merchant alledged to
bring off himselfe and other English Prisoners, and not
trading from or to ffrance within the meaning of the Kings
Declaration, She was acquitted of that Information, but
afterwards reSeised by the Country' Officer for breach of
the Acts of Trade, which being done as is alledged in New-
foundhmd. Security is taken for the Answering of it in
England ; The case of the other Ship being differently cir-
cumstanced from the ffirst, is transmitted to the High Court
of Admiralty to be there determined, of which you may
have a farther Account.

In the beginning of this month, seven or Eight of the
Eastern Indian Sagamores sent in a writing by the hand of a
Captive, and came themselves to Wells to make Overtures for
Peace, Some Gent" from hence were appointed to discourse
them, but e're they came thither, the Indians were all gone
(save onely one) pretending the time assigned for their return
was neer out, and if they out stayed that, tiieir men would



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 171

either apprehend they were either kild, or deteined Captive,
and so mischiefes might ensue thereupon, our Gentlemen
discoursed him that remained and agreed about the Exchanire
of Captives and that those who came to fetch the Captives
should be instructed to receive what further Overtures the
Sachems (who would then be together) should make con-
cerning a Treaty, and agree of time and place for the same
Captain Alden, Captain Convers, and some Gent" of Piscata-
qua are Employed in this Affayre, an Account whereof we
may Expect within a weeke or Ten dayes at their Return,
the English Captive that came in Saith, they are very poor
and low, have lost a considerable number of their men, and
some of principal Note among them. Express themselves
weary of the Warr, and have this several months been
meditating how to mediate, and bring about a peace with the
English, the Success of this, as all other our Affayres is with
God, who we hope in all these darke dispensations of his
providence, will at length cause light to breake forth upon
us on whome alone is our dependance and Expectations.

Thus may you see the Sea of trouble we are Swiming in,
Nor are we altogether unsensible of the great paines and
difficulties yourselves are labouring under on our behalfe,
their Ma"^^ tlavourable Aspect towards us and direction for
the future Management of our publick Affayres, & Gracious
Settlement of the Governm* is absolutly necessary to be
hastned unto, which we are humbly awaiting with longing
Expectations, and desire you to Sollicit : We are greatly
thoughtfull about the discharge of our Debts at home, and
the makeing of Supply' to your Selves abroad, there wilbe
soon other Opportunity^ for writing to you ; which we shall
be carefull to improve and possibly then be able to give a
more particular Accompt of the issue of the late great Ex-
pedition, wherein we doubt not you will not be wanting to
Endeavour their Ma"" ffavourable Resentm* of our sincere
Intentions for their Service. Giveing our hearty Respects



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

and Service unto your Selves, and other ffriends with you
that wish our welfare, we commend you to the gracious Pro-
tection and guidance of God both in yo"" personal and pub-
lick affayres you are Engaged in on our behalfe and begg
yo"" prayers for direction to our Selves in a right manageing
of the Arduous Concerns under our hands

We Subscribe

Your Assured ffriends and
Obliged Servants.

Sim : Bradstreet Gou""/
in the name of the Council.

For the Eight Worpp" S"" Henry
Ashurst K"' & Baronet, Elisha
Cooke Es(j. the Rev*^ m"" Increase
Mather, and m"" Thomas Oakes
Agents for the Massachusetts Colony./



Petition of Inhabitants of Salem, S^c.

To the Honourable The Govern"" and Councill of the Massa-
chusetts Colony in New England —

We the Subscribers hereunto Inhabitants of Salem, To-
gether w'^ many of our Neighbors and Friends being under
a Deep sense of the Deplorable Condition of this Poor Coun-
trey. By reason of our French and Indian Enemies &c. Doe
huml)ly pray that your Hon" would be pleased to Lay be-
fore Their Majesties the same by an Address, Begging their
Early countenance and Assistance In the Spring. We are
not Ignorant that some Particular Gentlemen are making an
Address to y** King partly to this Eflect But we think it
most meet to be done by the Government,



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 173

We doe further Recommend to yo"" Consideration, "Whether
it be not Necessary to take some Speedy course, That there
be a Right understanding w"' y^ Mohawks, Lest they goe otT
to the French, w'^'' seems to be Threatned hy the Divisions
at New York, The Defeat at Canada and in ^/ticuler Their
failure On their part of y' Expedition, for w"'' very probably
they Conclude That this Gouernm* and all New England
are Highly ofended w*^ Them and so may the Sooner Im-
brace the Insinuating Tenders of the French —

Barth" Gedney
Benj* Browne
John Price
John Higginson Jun""
Stephen Sewall
Benj^ Marston
William Hirst
Tim« Lindall
Robert Kitchen
Manasseh Marston/



Orde7' Relating to JST. 11. & Maine Soldiei'S.

Ordered y' all the Soldiers y* are in the Countrey^ pay in
New ham shi"" & the prouince of Mayne be forthwith drawne
of.

Xbr 12'^ 1690 : past in y® afirmatiue p y® deput^

as attest Joseph Lynde g ord*"
Consented to by y<= Gov"" and Assistants.

Is** Addington Sec'"''/



174 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

AUovMnce to MaJ^ Robert Pike.

Ordered That Major Robert Pike be allowed for his ser-
vice To the Countrye against The Coman Enemye att the
Eastward : Eight pounds per month.

desemb'' 19. 1690. passed in The affirmitive

by y^ deputys
Christopher Osgood p ordy
Consent^ to by the Gov' & Assistants

= Is" Addington Sec"^./



Petition of Silvanus Davis.

To the Hon*"'® Gov"" & Councell of the Massachusets Colony

The Humble Petition of Silvanus Davis
Humbly Sheweth

That whereas Yo"" Petitioner haueing Served the Country
in their Maj"*^^ Servise at the Eastward by your Hon®^ Order
from time to time, begining about the 23'*^ of Aprill 1689
when your Hon" sent orders unto Coll : J^dward T3mg Maj""
Savage & my selfe to take Posession of the Sundry For-
tresses and Settle them under Yo"" Hon" Authority (In said
Expedition) & untill y'' time that y^ fourt at Casco upon the
20'*^ May 1690 : was taken by the tfrench & Heathen Enimie,

I served Connnander in Chiefe of sd fort & Towne,

Also I did offitate in the place and duty of Chyrurgeon
amongst the Souldiers & sick men, about Eleaven months

time, Also I pformed the Duty of a Comesary for

about four months time & Also I maintained A

Druui and Drummer about thirteen months for the service
of the fourt, & all the Marching fources that was sent to
that place from time to time.

Yo' Supplicant Served the County in S"" Edmunds time in
pson & Estate wh at Present I doe not Insist upon, neither



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 175

doe I mention what I haue Supplyed the Country with since
the Revolution, (In this my Petition) it being the Estate of

other Gen* Concerned with me, I only Petition in

this to yo"" Hon" that yo"" Hon" would be pleased to Con-
sider the Premises and Order what to Allow my selfe for
All my Severall Services as abouesd : and for my Drum &
Drummer as aforesd ; Also for a Serv* of myne (W™ Parker
by name) w'^h served as a Souldier under my Command

about tenn months, and is now in Captivity Humbly

Desireing Yo"" Hon" to Consider my necessity haueing Spent
& Lost my Estate in the Defence of the Country. And to
Grant Effectuall Order for Yo*' Supplicante Receiuiug what
Yo' Hon^' shall see Cause to Allow Yo"" Supplicant for the
Services abouesd — ./ —

And Yo'' Petition' as in Duty
Bound shall ever Pray &c :

xbr 22*'' 1690 then this petition was

Considered by the deputies & they

voated thirty pounds to be paid

him for his present Releife by y*'

Country Tresu"" as mony.

Joseph Lynde : g order/

Consent*' to by the Gov''

and assistants. Is^ Addington Sec''Y

24th xbr



Instructions

Cap"^ Convers

Whereas you have lately been Imployed with others on a
Treaty with the Indian Enemy referring to the Exch. of
Captives. And likewise have agreed unto the Overtures made
by them for a Truce and Cessation of Armes until the first



176 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

of May next, according to Articles interchangably passed
betwixt you.

And Forasmuch as liberty is granted unto y® Indians by a
Limited number to haue their access from time to time unto
one of the Garrisons at Wells as they shall have Occasion
to make their application unto the English ;

Yo*" selfe is desired and appointed to take up your resi-
dence at Wells for the space of two or three months to
come, until the Gov"" & Council shall take farther Order, to
Conduct and govern that Affayre with Indians, to prevent
an}^ damage or inconvenience which might otherwise arise
by meanes of their recourse unto the English in the Observ-
ance of their Nakedness. And to take Eifectual care that all
Trading with the Indians be restreined, onely what shalbe
supplyed unto them w*** yo"" knowledge and consent conduce-
ing to the Kedemption of Captives or other Publick Advan-
tage, which you are to have Special Respect unto in yo"^
whole Conduct, but no ammunition or armes, and to com-
municate unto y*^ Gov"" & Council from time to time what
Intelligence shall Occur unto you from them or any others
of y*^ Enemies motion, Either ffrench or Indians.

And see that your Souldiers do constantly attend duty in
watching and warding.



Selectmen to provide a full stock of Ammunition.

Whereas many Towns are unprovided of a Town Stock
of Ammunition according to Law, in this time of publick
danger by the French and Indian Enemy ; there being a con-
siderable Quantity now brought into the Country, whereby
both Towns and particular persons may be Supplyed.

It's Ordered by this Court, That the Selectmen of each
Town within this Colony, do provide a full Stock of Ammu-



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 177

nition for their Town as the Law directs by the first day of
April next, and make Return thereof unto the Major Gen-
eral, under the penalty expressed in Said Law Title Mili-
tary Sect. 15.

Past in the aflSrmative by the
Gov"" and Assistants.

Is* Addington Sec'^/
Feb^ 10''> 1690./

Consented vnto g y® dep'^

Joseph Lynde g o[rd'']/



Circumstances of Soldiers ^ Searr.en, wounded Sick or
Maimed to he Considered.

Ordered That m*" William Bond, Captain Joseph Lynde,
Captain Theophilus ffrarey and Captain Samuel Ruggles, for
the Countys of SufFolke and Middlesex, M'" Samuel Gardner



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